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Ushma Upadhyay, PhD, MPH

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentOb/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
Address1330 Broadway St
Oakland CA 94612
Phone510-986-8946
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    UCSF RAP Award2011  - 2012Estimating the Incidence of Post-Abortion Complications from Medi-Cal Data
    UC Center of Expertise in Women’s Health and Empowerment 2010  - 2011Fogarty Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My work encompasses two overarching themes: the effects of women's empowerment and gender equity on reproductive health and improving reproductive health services for disadvantaged populations. My methodological expertise is in quantitative analyses using epidemiologic and demographic methods. I lead several projects related to contraception and abortion that collectively aim to expand women's ability to determine the number and timing of their children and improve access to reproductive health services.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Gender, Autonomy, and Contraceptive Use Among Young People
    NIH/NICHD K01HD077064Sep 15, 2014 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Roberts SCM, Upadhyay U, Liu G, Kerns JL, Ba D, Beam N, Leslie DL. Association of Facility Type With Procedural-Related Morbidities and Adverse Events Among Patients Undergoing Induced Abortions. JAMA. 2018 06 26; 319(24):2497-2506. PMID: 29946727.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Upadhyay U, Johns NE, Barron R, Cartwright AF, Tapé C, Mierjeski A, McGregor AJ. Abortion-related emergency department visits in the United States: An analysis of a national emergency department sample. BMC Med. 2018 Jun 14; 16(1):88. PMID: 29898742.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Upadhyay U, Cartwright AF, Johns NE. Access to Medication Abortion Among California's Public University Students. J Adolesc Health. 2018 Jun 09. PMID: 29895472.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Cartwright AF, Karunaratne M, Barr-Walker J, Johns NE, Upadhyay U. Identifying National Availability of Abortion Care and Distance From Major US Cities: Systematic Online Search. J Med Internet Res. 2018 May 14; 20(5):e186. PMID: 29759954.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Fefferman AM, Upadhyay U. Hybrid Masculinity and Young Men's Circumscribed Engagement in Contraceptive Management. Gend Soc. 2018 Jun; 32(3):371-394. PMID: 29755203.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Aztlan EA, Foster DG, Upadhyay U. Subsequent Unintended Pregnancy Among US Women Who Receive or Are Denied a Wanted Abortion. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2018 Jan; 63(1):45-52. PMID: 29377521.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Moseson H, Foster DG, Upadhyay U, Vittinghoff E, Rocca CH. Contraceptive Use over Five Years After Receipt Or Denial of Abortion Services. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2018 Mar; 50(1):7-14. PMID: 29329494.
      View in: PubMed
    8. McCarthy M, Upadhyay U, Biggs MA, Anthony R, Holl J, Roberts SC. Predictors of timing of pregnancy discovery. Contraception. 2018 Apr; 97(4):303-308. PMID: 29242084.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Kimport K, Johns NE, Upadhyay U. Women's experiences of their preabortion ultrasound image printout. Contraception. 2018 Apr; 97(4):319-323. PMID: 29242086.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Biggs MA, Taylor D, Upadhyay U. Role of Insurance Coverage in Contraceptive Use After Abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Dec; 130(6):1338-1346. PMID: 29112661.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Prata N, Tavrow P, Upadhyay U. Women's empowerment related to pregnancy and childbirth: introduction to special issue. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 11 08; 17(Suppl 2):352. PMID: 29143677.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Upadhyay U. Innovative models are needed for equitable abortion access in the USA. Lancet Public Health. 2017 Nov; 2(11):e484-e485. PMID: 29253369.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Upadhyay U, Johns NE, Meckstroth KR, Kerns JL. Distance Traveled for an Abortion and Source of Care After Abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug 14. PMID: 28816736.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Upadhyay U, Kimport K, Belusa EKO, Johns NE, Laube DW, Roberts SCM. Evaluating the impact of a mandatory pre-abortion ultrasound viewing law: A mixed methods study. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0178871. PMID: 28746377.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Biggs MA, Upadhyay U, Foster DG. Mental Health Outcomes After Having or Being Denied an Abortion-Reply. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Jun 01; 74(6):654. PMID: 28492913.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Taylor D, Upadhyay U, Fjerstad M, Battistelli MF, Weitz TA, Paul ME. Standardizing the classification of abortion incidents: the Procedural Abortion Incident Reporting and Surveillance (PAIRS) Framework. Contraception. 2017 Jul; 96(1):1-13. PMID: 28578150.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Johns NE, Foster DG, Upadhyay U. Distance traveled for Medicaid-covered abortion care in California. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Apr 19; 17(1):287. PMID: 28420438.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Biggs MA, Upadhyay U, McCulloch CE, Foster DG. Women's Mental Health and Well-being 5 Years After Receiving or Being Denied an Abortion: A Prospective, Longitudinal Cohort Study. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Feb 01; 74(2):169-178. PMID: 27973641.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Prata N, Fraser A, Huchko MJ, Gipson JD, Withers M, Lewis S, Ciaraldi EJ, Upadhyay U. WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT AND FAMILY PLANNING: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. J Biosoc Sci. 2017 Nov; 49(6):713-743. PMID: 28069078.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Roberts SC, Fuentes L, Kriz R, Williams V, Upadhyay U. Corrigendum to "Implications for women of Louisiana's law requiring abortion providers to have hospital admitting privileges" [Contraception (2015) 91:368-72. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2015.02.001]. Contraception. 2017 02; 95(2):221-222. PMID: 27647624.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Hindin MJ, Kalamar AM, Thompson TA, Upadhyay U. Interventions to Prevent Unintended and Repeat Pregnancy Among Young People in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of the Published and Gray Literature. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Sep; 59(3 Suppl):S8-S15. PMID: 27562452.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Upadhyay U, Johns NE, Combellick SL, Kohn JE, Keder LM, Roberts SC. Comparison of Outcomes before and after Ohio's Law Mandating Use of the FDA-Approved Protocol for Medication Abortion: A Retrospective Cohort Study. PLoS Med. 2016 Aug; 13(8):e1002110. PMID: 27575488; PMCID: PMC5004901.
    23. Upadhyay U, Zlidar VM, Foster DG. Interest in self-administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate in the United States. Contraception. 2016 Oct; 94(4):303-13. PMID: 27326938.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Roberts SC, Turok DK, Belusa E, Combellick S, Upadhyay U. Utah's 72-Hour Waiting Period for Abortion: Experiences Among a Clinic-Based Sample of Women. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2016 Dec; 48(4):179-187. PMID: 27010515.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Upadhyay U, Raifman S, Raine-Bennett T. Effects of relationship context on contraceptive use among young women. Contraception. 2016 Jul; 94(1):68-73. PMID: 26994674; PMCID: PMC4884532 [Available on 07/01/17].
    26. Upadhyay U, Biggs MA, Foster DG. The effect of abortion on having and achieving aspirational one-year plans. BMC Womens Health. 2015 Nov 11; 15:102. PMID: 26559911; PMCID: PMC4642756.
    27. Steinauer JE, Upadhyay U, Sokoloff A, Harper CC, Diedrich JT, Drey EA. Choice of the levonorgestrel intrauterine device, etonogestrel implant or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception after aspiration abortion. Contraception. 2015 Dec; 92(6):553-9. PMID: 26093190.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Roberts SC, Gould H, Upadhyay U. Implications of Georgia's 20-Week Abortion Ban. Am J Public Health. 2015 Aug; 105(8):e77-82. PMID: 26066924.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Roberts SC, Fuentes L, Kriz R, Williams V, Upadhyay U. Implications for women of Louisiana's law requiring abortion providers to have hospital admitting privileges. Contraception. 2015 May; 91(5):368-72. PMID: 25744615.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Upadhyay U, Desai S, Zlidar V, Weitz TA, Grossman D, Anderson P, Taylor D. Incidence of emergency department visits and complications after abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan; 125(1):175-83. PMID: 25560122.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Weitz TA, Taylor D, Upadhyay U, Desai S, Battistelli M. Research informs abortion care policy change in California. Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct; 104(10):e3-4. PMID: 25122034.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Upadhyay U, Gipson JD, Withers M, Lewis S, Ciaraldi EJ, Fraser A, Huchko MJ, Prata N. Women's empowerment and fertility: a review of the literature. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Aug; 115:111-20. PMID: 24955875; PMCID: PMC4096045.
    33. Biggs MA, Upadhyay U, Steinberg JR, Foster DG. Does abortion reduce self-esteem and life satisfaction? Qual Life Res. 2014 Nov; 23(9):2505-13. PMID: 24740325; PMCID: PMC4186981.
    34. Upadhyay U, Dworkin SL, Weitz TA, Foster DG. Development and validation of a reproductive autonomy scale. Stud Fam Plann. 2014 Mar; 45(1):19-41. PMID: 24615573.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Gatter M, Kimport K, Foster DG, Weitz TA, Upadhyay U. Relationship between ultrasound viewing and proceeding to abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan; 123(1):81-7. PMID: 24463667.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Upadhyay U, Weitz TA, Jones RK, Barar RE, Foster DG. Denial of abortion because of provider gestational age limits in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):1687-94. PMID: 23948000; PMCID: PMC4151926.
    37. Kimport K, Upadhyay U, Foster DG, Gatter M, Weitz TA. Patient viewing of the ultrasound image prior to abortion. Contraception. 2013 Nov; 88(5):666-70. PMID: 24028750.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Cockrill K, Upadhyay U, Turan J, Greene Foster D. The stigma of having an abortion: development of a scale and characteristics of women experiencing abortion stigma. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2013 Jun; 45(2):79-88. PMID: 23750622.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Jones RK, Upadhyay U, Weitz TA. At what cost? Payment for abortion care by U.S. women. Womens Health Issues. 2013 May-Jun; 23(3):e173-8. PMID: 23660430.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Weitz TA, Taylor D, Desai S, Upadhyay U, Waldman J, Battistelli MF, Drey EA. Safety of aspiration abortion performed by nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, and physician assistants under a California legal waiver. Am J Public Health. 2013 Mar; 103(3):454-61. PMID: 23327244; PMCID: PMC3673521.
    41. Foster DG, Dobkin LM, Upadhyay U. Denial of abortion care due to gestational age limits. Contraception. 2013 Jan; 87(1):3-5. PMID: 23122688.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Goldstein RL, Upadhyay U, Raine TR. With pills, patches, rings, and shots: who still uses condoms? A longitudinal cohort study. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Jan; 52(1):77-82. PMID: 23260838.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Upadhyay U, Karasek D. Women's empowerment and ideal family size: an examination of DHS empowerment measures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2012 Jun; 38(2):78-89. PMID: 22832148.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Upadhyay U, Brown BA, Sokoloff A, Raine TR. Contraceptive discontinuation and repeat unintended pregnancy within 1 year after an abortion. Contraception. 2012 Jan; 85(1):56-62. PMID: 22067792; PMCID: PMC3230736.
    45. Raine TR, Foster-Rosales A, Upadhyay U, Boyer CB, Brown BA, Sokoloff A, Harper CC. One-year contraceptive continuation and pregnancy in adolescent girls and women initiating hormonal contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Feb; 117(2 Pt 1):363-71. PMID: 21252751; PMCID: PMC3154007.
    46. Upadhyay U, Cockrill K, Freedman LR. Informing abortion counseling: an examination of evidence-based practices used in emotional care for other stigmatized and sensitive health issues. Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Dec; 81(3):415-21. PMID: 20926226.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Upadhyay U, Waddell EN, Young S, Kerker BD, Berger M, Matte T, Angell SY. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of high LDL cholesterol in New York City, 2004. Prev Chronic Dis. 2010 May; 7(3):A61. PMID: 20394700; PMCID: PMC2879993.
    48. Rajpathak SN, Gupta LS, Waddell EN, Upadhyay U, Wildman RP, Kaplan R, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Wylie-Rosett J. Elevated risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome among Asians and south Asians: results from the 2004 New York City HANES. Ethn Dis. 2010; 20(3):225-30. PMID: 20828094.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Thorpe LE, Upadhyay U, Chamany S, Garg R, Mandel-Ricci J, Kellerman S, Berger DK, Frieden TR, Gwynn C. Prevalence and control of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in New York City. Diabetes Care. 2009 Jan; 32(1):57-62. PMID: 19114627; PMCID: PMC2606831.
    50. Gultiano S, Hindin M, Upadhyay U. Marital Status and Psychological Well-Being of Filipino Women. Philippine Population Review. 2009; 8(1):16-33.
    51. Upadhyay U, Hindin MJ. The influence of parents' marital relationship and women's status on children's age at first sex in Cebu, Philippines. Stud Fam Plann. 2007 Sep; 38(3):173-86. PMID: 17933291.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Upadhyay U, Hindin MJ, Gultiano S. Before first sex: gender differences in emotional relationships and physical behaviors among adolescents in the Philippines. Int Fam Plan Perspect. 2006 Sep; 32(3):110-9. PMID: 17015240.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Upadhyay U, Hindin MJ. Do perceptions of friends' behaviors affect age at first sex? Evidence from Cebu, Philippines. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Oct; 39(4):570-7. PMID: 16982393.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Upadhyay U. New contraceptive choices. Popul Rep M. 2005 Apr; (19):1-23. PMID: 15945266.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Upadhyay U, Hindin MJ. Do higher status and more autonomous women have longer birth intervals? Results from Cebu, Philippines. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jun; 60(11):2641-55. PMID: 15814188.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Upadhyay U. Informed choice in family planning. Helping people decide. Popul Rep J. 2001; (50):1-39. PMID: 11552404.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Upadhyay U. India's New Economic Policy of 1991 and Its Impact on Women's Poverty and AIDS. Journal of Feminist Economics. 2000; 6(3):105-122.
    58. Upadhyay U, Robey B. Why family planning matters. Popul Rep J. 1999 Jul; (49):1-31. PMID: 10730298.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Hinrichsen D, Robey B, Upadhyay U. Toward a blue revolution. Glob Issues. 1999 Mar; 4(1):38-43. PMID: 12290386.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Robey B, Upadhyay U. Speeding the reproductive revolution. People Planet. 1999; 8(1):18-9. PMID: 12322000.
      View in: PubMed