A Jay Holmgren, PhD, MS

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address10 Koret Way, #327A
San Francisco CA 94117
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-7939-6831 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MAPhD05/2021Health Policy
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MIMHI05/2017Health Informatics
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MIBA05/2011History
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2022Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Conference on Health IT and Analytics (CHITA) 2023Best Young Researcher
    National Library of Medicine2022  - 2024NIH Loan Repayment Program Award
    Medical Informatics Europe2022Best Paper Award
    Conference on Health IT and Analytics (CHITA)2020Best Student Paper
    Brigham & Women's Hospital2019Partners in Excellence Award
    Harvard College2018Derek Bok Center Certificate of Distinction and Excellence in Teaching

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    Collapse Overview
    Dr. A Jay Holmgren is an Assistant Professor and Associate Division Chief for Research in the Division of Clinical Informatics and Digital Transformation (DoC-IT) and the Center for Clinical Informatics and Improvement Research (CLIIR).

    Dr. Holmgren is an expert on the use of information technology in health care delivery. Dr. Holmgren's research focuses on the impact of information technology on patients, clinicians, and health care organizations, and seeks to identify strategies to improve the quality and experience of care using digital tools. His research has been published in peer-reviewed journals including JAMA, Health Affairs, The American Journal of Public Health, Health Services Research, and JAMIA, and has been featured in popular press outlets including The New York Times, The Atlantic, Politico, and NPR.

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. National Comparison of Ambulatory Physician Electronic Health Record Use Across Specialties. J Gen Intern Med. 2024 Jul 09. Holmgren AJ, Sinsky CA, Rotenstein L, Apathy NC. PMID: 38980460.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Consistency is key: documentation distribution and efficiency in primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2024 Jun 21. Apathy NC, Biro J, Holmgren AJ. PMID: 38905016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Impact of response bias in three surveys on primary care providers' experiences with electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2024 Jun 18. Hendrix N, Maisel N, Everson J, Patel V, Bazemore A, Rotenstein LS, Holmgren AJ, Krist AH, Adler-Milstein J, Phillips RL. PMID: 38894620.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Physicians in ACOs report greater documentation burden. Am J Manag Care. 2024 May; 30(6 Spec No.):SP452-SP458. Apathy NC, Patel V, Rolle TL, Holmgren AJ. PMID: 38820186.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. National trends in billing patient portal messages as e-visit services in traditional Medicare. Health Affairs Scholar. 2024; 2(4). Liu T, Zhu, Z Holmgren AJ, Ellimoottil C. View Publication.
    6. National Trends in Billing Secure Messages as E-Visits. JAMA. 2024 02 13; 331(6):526-529. Holmgren AJ, Oakes AH, Miller A, Adler-Milstein J, Mehrotra A. PMID: 38198195; PMCID: PMC10782378.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    7. Changes in Physician Electronic Health Record Use With the Expansion of Telemedicine. JAMA Intern Med. 2023 Dec 01; 183(12):1357-1365. Holmgren AJ, Thombley R, Sinsky CA, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 37902737; PMCID: PMC10616769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    8. System-Level Factors and Time Spent on Electronic Health Records by Primary Care Physicians. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Nov 01; 6(11):e2344713. Rotenstein LS, Holmgren AJ, Horn DM, Lipsitz S, Phillips R, Gitomer R, Bates DW. PMID: 37991757; PMCID: PMC10665969.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Social and Medical Care Integration Practices Among Children's Hospitals. Hosp Pediatr. 2023 Oct 01; 13(10):886-894. Pantell MS, Holmgren AJ, Leary JC, Iott BE, Neuhaus J, Adler-Milstein J, Gottlieb LM. PMID: 37718963; PMCID: PMC10520266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. COVID exacerbated the gender disparity in physician electronic health record inbox burden. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2023 Sep 25; 30(10):1720-1724. Rotenstein L, Jay Holmgren A. . PMID: 37436709; PMCID: PMC10531114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    11. Ctrl-C: a cross-sectional study of the electronic health record usage patterns of US oncology clinicians. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2023 Aug 31; 7(5). Sinha S, Holmgren AJ, Hong JC, Rotenstein LS. PMID: 37688578; PMCID: PMC10555739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    12. The role of organizations in shaping physician use of electronic health records. Health Serv Res. 2024 Feb; 59(1):e14203. Cross DA, Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC. PMID: 37438938; PMCID: PMC10771898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Health Information Exchange: Understanding the Policy Landscape and Future of Data Interoperability. Yearb Med Inform. 2023 Aug; 32(1):184-194. Holmgren AJ, Esdar M, Hüsers J, Coutinho-Almeida J. PMID: 37414031; PMCID: PMC10751121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    14. Variation in Family Physicians' Experiences Across Different Electronic Health Record Platforms: a Descriptive Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2023 Oct; 38(13):2980-2987. Hendrix N, Bazemore A, Holmgren AJ, Rotenstein LS, Eden AR, Krist AH, Phillips RL. PMID: 36952084; PMCID: PMC10035476.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    15. Behavioral "nudges" in the electronic health record to reduce waste and misuse: 3 interventions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2023 02 16; 30(3):545-550. Grouse CK, Waung MW, Holmgren AJ, Mongan J, Neinstein A, Josephson SA, Khanna RR. PMID: 36519951; PMCID: PMC9933068.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    16. Association Between Billing Patient Portal Messages as e-Visits and Patient Messaging Volume. JAMA. 2023 01 24; 329(4):339-342. Holmgren AJ, Byron ME, Grouse CK, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 36607621; PMCID: PMC10408262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Investigating the Association Between Telemedicine Use and Timely Follow-Up Care After Acute Cardiovascular Hospital Encounters. JACC Adv. 2022 Dec; 1(5):100156. Tang M, Holmgren AJ, McElrath EE, Bhatt AS, Varshney AS, Lee SG, Vaduganathan M, Adler DS, Huckman RS. PMID: 36620529; PMCID: PMC9802537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    18. Management Opportunities and Challenges After Achieving Widespread Health System Digitization. Adv Health Care Manag. 2022 Dec 12; 21. Cross DA, Adler-Milstein J, Holmgren AJ. PMID: 36437617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Physician Note Composition Patterns and Time on the EHR Across Specialty Types: a National, Cross-sectional Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2023 04; 38(5):1119-1126. Rotenstein LS, Apathy N, Holmgren AJ, Bates DW. PMID: 36418647; PMCID: PMC10110827.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Documentation dynamics: Note composition, burden, and physician efficiency. Health Serv Res. 2023 06; 58(3):674-685. Apathy NC, Rotenstein L, Bates DW, Holmgren AJ. PMID: 36342001; PMCID: PMC10154172.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Trends in US Hospital Electronic Health Record Vendor Market Concentration, 2012-2021. J Gen Intern Med. 2023 05; 38(7):1765-1767. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC. PMID: 36348217; PMCID: PMC10212829.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Association Between Electronic Health Record Time and Quality of Care Metrics in Primary Care. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 10 03; 5(10):e2237086. Rotenstein LS, Holmgren AJ, Healey MJ, Horn DM, Ting DY, Lipsitz S, Salmasian H, Gitomer R, Bates DW. PMID: 36255725; PMCID: PMC9579903.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Assessing the impact of patient access to clinical notes on clinician EHR documentation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2022 09 12; 29(10):1733-1736. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC. PMID: 35831954; PMCID: PMC9471699.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Patient Safety Informatics: Criteria Development for Assessing the Maturity of Digital Patient Safety in Hospitals. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2022 May 25; 294:885-889. Kutza JO, Hübner U, Holmgren AJ, Esdar M. PMID: 35612236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Health Information Exchange and Interoperability. Clinical Informatics Study Guide. 2022; 203-219. Dixon, BE, Holmgren, AJ, Adler-Milstein, J, Grannis, SJ. View Publication.
    26. Association between state-level malpractice environment and clinician electronic health record (EHR) time. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2022 05 11; 29(6):1069-1077. Holmgren AJ, Rotenstein L, Downing NL, Bates DW, Schulman K. PMID: 35271723; PMCID: PMC9093025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    27. Association of Hospital Interoperable Data Sharing With Alternative Payment Model Participation. JAMA Health Forum. 2022; 3(2):e215199-e215199. Holmgren AJ, Everson JB, Adler-Milstein J. View Publication.
    28. The 21st Century Cures Act and Multiuser Electronic Health Record Access: Potential Pitfalls of Information Release. J Med Internet Res. 2022 02 17; 24(2):e34085. Arvisais-Anhalt S, Lau M, Lehmann CU, Holmgren AJ, Medford RJ, Ramirez CM, Chen CN. PMID: 35175207; PMCID: PMC8895284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on clinician ambulatory electronic health record use. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2022 01 29; 29(3):453-460. Holmgren AJ, Downing NL, Tang M, Sharp C, Longhurst C, Huckman RS. PMID: 34888680; PMCID: PMC8689796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    30. Growth in health information exchange with ACO market penetration. Am J Manag Care. 2022 01 01; 28(1):e7-e13. Apathy NC, Holmgren AJ, Werner RM. PMID: 35049261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Information system use antecedents of nursing employee turnover in a hospital setting. Health Care Manage Rev. 2022 Jan-Mar 01; 47(1):78-85. Thompson SC, Holmgren AJ, Ford EW. PMID: 33399352.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Assessing hospital electronic health record vendor performance across publicly reported quality measures. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 09 18; 28(10):2101-2107. Holmgren AJ, Kuznetsova M, Classen D, Bates DW. PMID: 34333626; PMCID: PMC8449606.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Association of Hospital Public Quality Reporting With Electronic Health Record Medication Safety Performance. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 09 01; 4(9):e2125173. Holmgren AJ, Bates DW. PMID: 34546374; PMCID: PMC8456388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    34. The Increasing Role of Physician Practices as Bill Collectors: Destined for Failure. JAMA. 2021 08 24; 326(8):695-696. Holmgren AJ, Cutler D, Mehrotra A. PMID: 34328509.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. A decade post-HITECH: Critical access hospitals have electronic health records but struggle to keep up with other advanced functions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 08 13; 28(9):1947-1954. Apathy NC, Holmgren AJ, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 34198342; PMCID: PMC8363800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Resident Physician Experience and Duration of Electronic Health Record Use. Appl Clin Inform. 2021 08; 12(4):721-728. Holmgren AJ, Lindeman B, Ford EW. PMID: 34348409; PMCID: PMC8354368.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Differences in Clinician Electronic Health Record Use Across Adult and Pediatric Primary Care Specialties. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 07 01; 4(7):e2116375. Rotenstein LS, Holmgren AJ, Downing NL, Longhurst CA, Bates DW. PMID: 34241631; PMCID: PMC8271359.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Differences in Total and After-hours Electronic Health Record Time Across Ambulatory Specialties. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 06 01; 181(6):863-865. Rotenstein LS, Holmgren AJ, Downing NL, Bates DW. PMID: 33749732; PMCID: PMC7985815.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Hospital organizational strategies associated with advanced EHR adoption. Health Serv Res. 2022 04; 57(2):259-269. Holmgren AJ, Phelan J, Jha AK, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 33779993; PMCID: PMC8928026.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. The Development and Piloting of the Ambulatory Electronic Health Record Evaluation Tool: Lessons Learned. Appl Clin Inform. 2021 01; 12(1):153-163. Co Z, Holmgren AJ, Classen DC, Newmark LP, Seger DL, Cole JM, Pon B, Zimmer KP, Bates DW. PMID: 33657634; PMCID: PMC7929716.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Assessment of Electronic Health Record Use Between US and Non-US Health Systems. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 02 01; 181(2):251-259. Holmgren AJ, Downing NL, Bates DW, Shanafelt TD, Milstein A, Sharp CD, Cutler DM, Huckman RS, Schulman KA. PMID: 33315048; PMCID: PMC7737152.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Barriers to hospital electronic public health reporting and implications for the COVID-19 pandemic: the authors' reply. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 11 01; 27(11):1823-1824. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 33001154; PMCID: PMC7543488.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    43. The tradeoffs between safety and alert fatigue: Data from a national evaluation of hospital medication-related clinical decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 08 01; 27(8):1252-1258. Co Z, Holmgren AJ, Classen DC, Newmark L, Seger DL, Danforth M, Bates DW. PMID: 32620948; PMCID: PMC7647300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Barriers to hospital electronic public health reporting and implications for the COVID-19 pandemic. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 08 01; 27(8):1306-1309. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 32442266; PMCID: PMC7313984.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    45. A History of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs in the United States: Political Appeal and Public Health Efficacy. Am J Public Health. 2020 08; 110(8):1191-1197. Holmgren AJ, Botelho A, Brandt AM. PMID: 32552023; PMCID: PMC7349461.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    46. Evaluation of Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Integration With Hospital Electronic Health Records by US County-Level Opioid Prescribing Rates. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 06 01; 3(6):e209085. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC. PMID: 32597990; PMCID: PMC7324953.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Design and testing of a mobile health application rating tool. NPJ Digit Med. 2020; 3:74. Levine DM, Co Z, Newmark LP, Groisser AR, Holmgren AJ, Haas JS, Bates DW. PMID: 32509971; PMCID: PMC7242452.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23  
    48. National Trends in the Safety Performance of Electronic Health Record Systems From 2009 to 2018. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 05 01; 3(5):e205547. Classen DC, Holmgren AJ, Co Z, Newmark LP, Seger D, Danforth M, Bates DW. PMID: 32469412; PMCID: PMC7260621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Opt-in consent policies: potential barriers to hospital health information exchange. Am J Manag Care. 2020 01 01; 26(1):e14-e20. Apathy NC, Holmgren AJ. PMID: 31951362; PMCID: PMC7262872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    50. Hospital adoption of API-enabled patient data access. Healthc (Amst). 2019 Dec; 7(4):100377. Holmgren AJ, Apathy NC. PMID: 31471262; PMCID: PMC6898769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    51. Assessing the safety of electronic health records: a national longitudinal study of medication-related decision support. BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 01; 29(1):52-59. Holmgren AJ, Co Z, Newmark L, Danforth M, Classen D, Bates D. PMID: 31320497.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Assessing the impact of health system organizational structure on hospital electronic data sharing. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 09 01; 25(9):1147-1152. Holmgren AJ, Ford EW. PMID: 29982687; PMCID: PMC7646916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    53. Participation in a Voluntary Bundled Payment Program by Organizations Providing Care After an Acute Hospitalization. JAMA. 2018 07 24; 320(4):402-404. Holmgren AJ, Adler-Milstein J, Chen LM. PMID: 29946694; PMCID: PMC6584280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Are all certified EHRs created equal? Assessing the relationship between EHR vendor and hospital meaningful use performance. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 06 01; 25(6):654-660. Holmgren AJ, Adler-Milstein J, McCullough J. PMID: 29186508; PMCID: PMC7646986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    
    55. Electronic health record adoption in US hospitals: the emergence of a digital "advanced use" divide. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Nov 01; 24(6):1142-1148. Adler-Milstein J, Holmgren AJ, Kralovec P, Worzala C, Searcy T, Patel V. PMID: 29016973; PMCID: PMC7651985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 143     Fields:    
    56. Progress In Interoperability: Measuring US Hospitals' Engagement In Sharing Patient Data. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 10 01; 36(10):1820-1827. Holmgren AJ, Patel V, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 28971929.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Health Information Exchange in US Hospitals: The Current Landscape and a Path to Improved Information Sharing. J Hosp Med. 2017 03; 12(3):193-198. Holmgren AJ, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 28272599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. A Novel Survey to Examine the Relationship between Health IT Adoption and Nurse-Physician Communication. Appl Clin Inform. 2016 12 21; 7(4):1182-1201. Holmgren AJ, Pfeifer E, Manojlovich M, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 27999841; PMCID: PMC5228151.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. US hospital engagement in core domains of interoperability. Am J Manag Care. 2016 Dec 01; 22(12):e395-e402. Holmgren AJ, Patel V, Charles D, Adler-Milstein J. PMID: 27982673.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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