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S Andrew Josephson, MD

Title(s)Professor and Chair, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-476-1488
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    Washington UniversityM.D.2001School of Medicine

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    Dr. S. Andrew Josephson specializes in neurovascular and other neurologic disorders, caring for general neurology and stroke patients in the hospital as well as in clinic. He is the founder of UCSF's Neurohospitalist Program and specializes in difficult to diagnose inpatient neurologic conditions. He serves as Chair of the Department of Neurology and is the Carmen Castro Franceschi and Gladyne K. Mitchell Neurohospitalist Distinguished Professor.

    After graduating from Stanford University, Dr. Josephson earned his medical degree at Washington University in Saint Louis. He completed an internship in internal medicine and a residency in neurology at UCSF, where he was chief resident. He also completed fellowships in neurovascular neurology (stroke) and behavioral neurology at UCSF and is board certified in both vascular neurology and neurocritical care.

    Dr. Josephson is known nationally for his pioneering work launching the neurohospitalist model of care and his leadership of its society. His research interests include improving models of inpatient neurologic care delivery, quality and safety in hospitalized patients, neurologic education, delirium, and the contribution of stroke to dementia. He serves as the Editor-In-Chief of JAMA Neurology, a leading journal in the field.

    Dr. Josephson has won numerous teaching awards from medical students and residents at UCSF including being selected to present the keynote address for the School of Medicine Commencement; the Henry J. Kaiser Award for Excellence in Teaching; the Academic Senate Distinction in Teaching Award, and the Robert Layzer Golden Toe Award for resident teaching.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Rehani B, Zhang Y, Ammanuel S, Smith W, Gonzalez RG, Cooke DL, Hetts SW, Josephson SA, Kim A, Hemphill JC, Dillon W. Imaging in neurointerventional stroke treatment: review of the recent trials and what your neurointerventionalist wants to know from emergency radiologists. Emerg Radiol. 2018 Dec 14. PMID: 30552527.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Tian B, Toossi S, Eisenmenger L, Faraji F, Ballweber MK, Josephson SA, Haraldsson H, Zhu C, Ahn S, Laub G, Hess C, Saloner D. Visualizing wall enhancement over time in unruptured intracranial aneurysms using 3D vessel wall imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 Nov 03. PMID: 30390363.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Patel AD, Baca C, Franklin G, Herman ST, Hughes I, Meunier L, Moura LMVR, Munger Clary H, Parker-McFadden B, Pugh MJ, Schultz RJ, Spanaki MV, Bennett A, Josephson SA. Quality improvement in neurology: Epilepsy Quality Measurement Set 2017 update. Neurology. 2018 Oct 30; 91(18):829-836. PMID: 30282773.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Josephson SA, Kamel H. The Acute Stroke Care Revolution: Enhancing Access to Therapeutic Advances. JAMA. 2018 Sep 25; 320(12):1239-1240. PMID: 30208486.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Wilson MR, O'Donovan BD, Gelfand JM, Sample HA, Chow FC, Betjemann JP, Shah MP, Richie MB, Gorman MP, Hajj-Ali RA, Calabrese LH, Zorn KC, Chow ED, Greenlee JE, Blum JH, Green G, Khan LM, Banerji D, Langelier C, Bryson-Cahn C, Harrington W, Lingappa JR, Shanbhag NM, Green AJ, Brew BJ, Soldatos A, Strnad L, Doernberg SB, Jay CA, Douglas V, Josephson SA, DeRisi JL. Chronic Meningitis Investigated via Metagenomic Next-Generation Sequencing. JAMA Neurol. 2018 Aug 01; 75(8):947-955. PMID: 29710329.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kalantar K, LaHue SC, DeRisi JL, Sample HA, Contag CA, Josephson SA, Wilson MR, Douglas VC. Whole-Genome mRNA Gene Expression Differs Between Patients With and Without Delirium. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2018 Jul; 31(4):203-210. PMID: 29991314.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Brown EG, Josephson SA, Anderson N, Reid M, Lee M, Douglas VC. Evaluation of a multicomponent pathway to address inpatient delirium on a neurosciences ward. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 02 12; 18(1):106. PMID: 29433572.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Green AJ, Kamel H, Josephson SA. Combating the Spread of Ineffective Medical Procedures: A Lesson Learned From Multiple Sclerosis. JAMA Neurol. 2018 Jan 01; 75(1):15-17. PMID: 29150994.
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    9. Baud MO, Vitt JR, Robbins NM, Wabl R, Wilson MR, Chow FC, Gelfand JM, Josephson SA, Miller S. Pleocytosis is not fully responsible for low CSF glucose in meningitis. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2018 Jan; 5(1):e425. PMID: 29296633.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rosendale N, Josephson SA. Residency Training: The need for an integrated diversity curriculum for neurology residency. Neurology. 2017 Dec 12; 89(24):e284-e287. PMID: 29229692.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bauchner H, Rivara FP, Bonow RO, Bressler NM, Disis MLN, Heckers S, Josephson SA, Kibbe MR, Piccirillo JF, Redberg RF, Rhee JS, Robinson JK. Death by Gun Violence-A Public Health Crisis. JAMA Neurol. 2017 Dec 01; 74(12):1402-1403. PMID: 29052723.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Bauchner H, Rivara FP, Bonow RO, Bressler NM, Disis MLN, Heckers S, Josephson SA, Kibbe MR, Piccirillo JF, Redberg RF, Rhee JS, Robinson JK. Death by Gun Violence-A Public Health Crisis. JAMA. 2017 11 14; 318(18):1763-1764. PMID: 29052721.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Shahram Y, Baudendistel TE, Josephson SA. Can't Shake This Feeling. J Hosp Med. 2017 08; 12(8):669-674. PMID: 28786435.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Richie M, Josephson SA. Quantifying Heuristic Bias: Anchoring, Availability, and Representativeness. Teach Learn Med. 2018 Jan-Mar; 30(1):67-75. PMID: 28753383.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Hargrave A, Bastiaens J, Bourgeois JA, Neuhaus J, Josephson SA, Chinn J, Lee M, Leung J, Douglas V. Validation of a Nurse-Based Delirium-Screening Tool for Hospitalized Patients. Psychosomatics. 2017 Nov - Dec; 58(6):594-603. PMID: 28750835.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Vespa PM, Ferro J, Josephson SA. Inpatient quality metrics in neurology: A grand challenge. Neurology. 2017 08 15; 89(7):646-649. PMID: 28733337.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Josephson SA, Ferro J, Cohen A, Webb A, Lee E, Vespa PM. Quality improvement in neurology: Inpatient and emergency care quality measure set: Executive summary. Neurology. 2017 Aug 15; 89(7):730-735. PMID: 28733339.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Guterman EL, Kim AS, Josephson SA. Neurologic consultation and use of therapeutic hypothermia for cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2017 09; 118:43-48. PMID: 28676267.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Brown EG, Josephson SA, Anderson N, Reid M, Lee M, Douglas VC. Predicting inpatient delirium: The AWOL delirium risk-stratification score in clinical practice. Geriatr Nurs. 2017 Nov - Dec; 38(6):567-572. PMID: 28533062.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Cowdell JC, Burton MC, Harris D, Holmes-Maybank K, Harte BJ, Josephson SA. Rendered Speechless. J Hosp Med. 2017 05; 12(5):352-355. PMID: 28459907.
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    21. Josephson SA. A Year in Review. JAMA Neurol. 2017 04 01; 74(4):383. PMID: 28166321.
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    22. Vitt JR, Brown EG, Chow DS, Josephson SA. Confirmed case of levamisole-associated multifocal inflammatory leukoencephalopathy in a cocaine user. J Neuroimmunol. 2017 04 15; 305:128-130. PMID: 28284332.
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    23. Josephson SA. Looking Toward the Future With You. JAMA Neurol. 2017 02 01; 74(2):143-144. PMID: 28055076.
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    24. Whitman IR, Gladstone RA, Badhwar N, Hsia HH, Lee BK, Josephson SA, Meisel KM, Dillon WP, Hess CP, Gerstenfeld EP, Marcus GM. Brain Emboli After Left Ventricular Endocardial Ablation. Circulation. 2017 Feb 28; 135(9):867-877. PMID: 28119381.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Mathai SK, Josephson SA, Badlam J, Saint S, Janssen WJ. Scratching Below the Surface. N Engl J Med. 2016 12 01; 375(22):2188-2193. PMID: 27959764.
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    26. Le ST, Josephson SA, Puttgen HA, Gibson L, Guterman EL, Leicester HM, Graf CL, Probasco JC. Many Neurology Readmissions Are Nonpreventable. Neurohospitalist. 2017 Apr; 7(2):61-69. PMID: 28400898.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Gold CA, Josephson SA. Anticipating the Challenges of Zika Virus and the Incidence of Guillain-Barré Syndrome. JAMA Neurol. 2016 08 01; 73(8):905-6. PMID: 27272118.
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    28. Stewart EP, Baudendistel TE, Josephson SA. Unnerving. J Hosp Med. 2016 11; 11(11):805-808. PMID: 27339110.
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    29. Shah NH, Do LV, Petrovich J, Crozier K, Azran C, Josephson SA. Reducing Cost and Intravenous Duration of Nicardipine in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Patients via an Interdisciplinary Approach. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2016 Sep; 25(9):2290-4. PMID: 27315743.
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    30. Josephson SA. Focusing on transitions of care: A change is here. Neurol Clin Pract. 2016 Apr; 6(2):183-189. PMID: 29377027.
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    31. Feldman WB, Kim AS, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Chiong W. Effect of waivers of consent on recruitment in acute stroke trials: A systematic review. Neurology. 2016 04 19; 86(16):1543-51. PMID: 27009262; PMCID: PMC4836887 [Available on 04/19/17].
    32. Kottapally M, Josephson SA. Common neurologic emergencies for nonneurologists: When minutes count. Cleve Clin J Med. 2016 Feb; 83(2):116-26. PMID: 26871388.
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    33. Guterman EL, Douglas VC, Shah MP, Parsons T, Barba J, Josephson SA. National characteristics and predictors of neurologic 30-day readmissions. Neurology. 2016 Feb 16; 86(7):669-75. PMID: 26791149.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Shah M, Douglas V, Scott B, Josephson SA. A Neurohospitalist Discharge Clinic Shortens the Transition From Inpatient to Outpatient Care. Neurohospitalist. 2016 Apr; 6(2):64-9. PMID: 27053983; PMCID: PMC4802776.
    35. Meisel K, Daggubati S, Josephson SA. Scurvy in the 21st century?: Vitamin C deficiency presenting to the neurologist. Neurol Clin Pract. 2015 Dec; 5(6):491-493. PMID: 29595817.
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    36. Meisel KM, Thabet AM, Josephson SA. Acute Care of Ischemic Stroke Patients in the Hospital. Semin Neurol. 2015 Dec; 35(6):629-37. PMID: 26595863.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Richie MB, Josephson SA. A Practical Approach to Meningitis and Encephalitis. Semin Neurol. 2015 Dec; 35(6):611-20. PMID: 26595861.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Josephson SA, Douglas VC. Hospitalist Neurology. Semin Neurol. 2015 Dec; 35(6):609. PMID: 26595860.
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    39. Rosendale N, Josephson SA. Acceptance of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People--Reply. JAMA Neurol. 2015 Oct; 72(10):1209-10. PMID: 26457637.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Zeng L, Josephson SA, Fukuda KA, Neuhaus J, Douglas VC. A Prospective Comparison of Informant-based and Performance-based Dementia Screening Tools to Predict In-Hospital Delirium. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2015 Oct-Dec; 29(4):312-6. PMID: 25350550; PMCID: PMC4411195 [Available on 10/01/16].
    41. Josephson SA. Enough is enough? The changing world of ischemic stroke workup. J Hosp Med. 2016 Feb; 11(2):151-2. PMID: 26390115.
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    42. Rosendale N, Josephson SA. The Importance of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health in Neurology: What's in a Name? JAMA Neurol. 2015 Aug; 72(8):855-6. PMID: 26121182.
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    43. Betjemann JP, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Burke JF. Trends in Status Epilepticus-Related Hospitalizations and Mortality: Redefined in US Practice Over Time. JAMA Neurol. 2015 Jun; 72(6):650-5. PMID: 25915004.
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    44. Burish MJ, Fredericks CA, Engstrom JW, Tateo VL, Josephson SA. Predicting success: What medical student measures predict resident performance in neurology? Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2015 Aug; 135:69-72. PMID: 26038279.
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    45. Chow FC, Schwartz BS, Josephson SA. Opinion and special articles: An interdisciplinary neuroinfectious diseases clinic to improve patient care and training. Neurology. 2015 Jan 06; 84(1):e1-4. PMID: 25548243; PMCID: PMC4336095.
    46. Chan S, Josephson SA, Rosow L, Smith WS. A quality assurance initiative targeting radiation exposure to neuroscience patients in the intensive care unit. Neurohospitalist. 2015 Jan; 5(1):9-14. PMID: 25553223; PMCID: PMC4272353.
    47. Chiong W, Kim AS, Huang IA, Farahany NA, Josephson SA. Inability to consent does not diminish the desirability of stroke thrombolysis. Ann Neurol. 2014 Aug; 76(2):296-304. PMID: 24980651; PMCID: PMC4957557.
    48. Chiong W, Kim AS, Huang IA, Farahany NA, Josephson SA. Testing the presumption of consent to emergency treatment for acute ischemic stroke. JAMA. 2014 Apr 23-30; 311(16):1689-91. PMID: 24756520; PMCID: PMC4126238.
    49. Singhal NS, Josephson SA. A practical approach to neurologic evaluation in the intensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2014 Aug; 29(4):627-33. PMID: 24636925.
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    50. Fredericks CA, Kvam KA, Bear J, Crabtree GS, Josephson SA. A case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a lupus patient treated with belimumab. Lupus. 2014 Jun; 23(7):711-3. PMID: 24531080.
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    51. Sheth SA, Hausrath D, Numis AL, Lawton MT, Josephson SA. Intraoperative rerupture during surgical treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is not associated with an increased risk of vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 120(2):409-14. PMID: 24313615.
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    52. Taylor J, Smith SC, Collins A, Chen D, Harold JG, Jessup M, Josephson S, Jur C, Logstrup S, Sacco RL, Vardas PE, Wood DA, Zoghbi WA, Bordon WB, Nallamothu BK. Cardiologists urged to reduce inappropriate radiation exposure. Eur Heart J. 2013 Dec; 34(46):3525-30. PMID: 24316977.
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    53. Kamel H, Betjemann JP, Navi BB, Hegde M, Meisel K, Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Diagnostic yield of electroencephalography in the medical and surgical intensive care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2013 Dec; 19(3):336-41. PMID: 22820998.
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    54. Hauser SL, Johnston SC, Ferriero DM, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Messing RO, Oksenberg JR. Quo vadis? Peering into the future. Ann Neurol. 2013 Dec; 74(6):A5-7. PMID: 24448838.
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    55. Johnston SC, Ferriero DM, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Messing RO, Oksenberg J, Stewart A, Hauser SL. Have the Annals editors added value? Ann Neurol. 2013 Nov; 74(5):A7-9. PMID: 24353220.
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    56. Kriseman YL, Lee H, Chung S, Josephson SA. A 67-year-old man with headaches, gait changes, and altered mental status. Neurohospitalist. 2013 Oct; 3(4):221-7. PMID: 24198904; PMCID: PMC3810831.
    57. Smith SC, Chen D, Collins A, Harold JG, Jessup M, Josephson S, Logstrup S, Jur C, Sacco RL, Vardas PE, Wood DA, Zoghbi WA. Moving from political declaration to action on reducing the global burden of cardiovascular diseases: a statement from the global cardiovascular disease taskforce. Circulation. 2013 Dec 03; 128(23):2546-8. PMID: 24045045.
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    58. Withdrawn as Duplicate: Moving from political declaration to action on reducing the global burden of cardiovascular diseases: a statement from the Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce. Eur Heart J. 2013 09 17. PMID: 24046431.
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    59. Smith SC, Chen D, Collins A, Harold JG, Jessup M, Josephson S, Logstrup S, Sacco RL, Vardas PE, Wood DA, Zoghbi WA. Moving from political declaration to action on reducing the global burden of cardiovascular diseases: a statement from the Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 03; 62(22):2151-3. PMID: 24054821.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Smith SC, Chen D, Collins A, Harold JG, Jessup M, Josephson S, Logstrup S, Sacco RL, Vardas PE, Wood DA, Zoghbi WA. Moving from political declaration to action on reducing the global burden of cardiovascular diseases: a statement from the global cardiovascular disease taskforce. Glob Heart. 2013 Dec; 8(4):383-6. PMID: 25690639.
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    61. Rabe IB, Schwartz BS, Farnon EC, Josephson SA, Webber AB, Roberts JP, de Mattos AM, Gallay BJ, van Slyck S, Messenger SL, Yen CJ, Bloch EM, Drew CP, Fischer M, Glaser CA. Fatal transplant-associated west nile virus encephalitis and public health investigation-california, 2010. Transplantation. 2013 Sep 15; 96(5):463-8. PMID: 23823653.
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    62. Josephson SA, Johnston SC, Hauser SL. Blockbusters for cheap? The difficulties surrounding generic biologics. Ann Neurol. 2013 Sep; 74(3):A7-8. PMID: 24115256.
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    63. Betjemann JP, Nguyen I, Santos-Sanchez C, Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Diagnostic yield of electroencephalography in a general inpatient population. Neurodiagn J. 2013 Sep; 53(3):207-16. PMID: 24046969.
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    64. Douglas VC, Hessler CS, Dhaliwal G, Betjemann JP, Fukuda KA, Alameddine LR, Lucatorto R, Johnston SC, Josephson SA. The AWOL tool: derivation and validation of a delirium prediction rule. J Hosp Med. 2013 Sep; 8(9):493-9. PMID: 23922253.
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    65. Conwell WD, Josephson SA, Li H, Saint S, Janssen WJ. Clinical problem-solving. Weak in the knees. N Engl J Med. 2013 Aug 01; 369(5):459-64. PMID: 23902486.
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    66. Josephson SA. Inpatient neurologic care: continued challenges of a neurohospitalist model. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Jul; 70(7):825-6. PMID: 23712575.
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    67. Josephson SA, Johnston SC, Hauser SL. The neurologic revolving door: time to pay attention to readmissions. Ann Neurol. 2013 May; 73(5):A5-6. PMID: 23749743.
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    68. Rubenstein JL, Wong VS, Kadoch C, Gao HX, Barajas R, Chen L, Josephson SA, Scott B, Douglas V, Maiti M, Kaplan LD, Treseler PA, Cha S, Hwang JH, Cinque P, Cyster JG, Lowell C. CXCL13 plus interleukin 10 is highly specific for the diagnosis of CNS lymphoma. Blood. 2013 Jun 06; 121(23):4740-8. PMID: 23570798; PMCID: PMC3674672.
    69. Betjemann JP, Nguyen I, Santos-Sanchez C, Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Diagnostic yield of electroencephalography in a general inpatient population. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Apr; 88(4):326-31. PMID: 23541007.
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    70. Scott BJ, Douglas VC, Tihan T, Rubenstein JL, Josephson SA. A systematic approach to the diagnosis of suspected central nervous system lymphoma. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Mar 01; 70(3):311-9. PMID: 23319132; PMCID: PMC4135394.
    71. Hauser SL, Josephson SA, Johnston SC. Multiple sclerosis: monotherapy rules. Ann Neurol. 2013 Mar; 73(3):A5-6. PMID: 23596013.
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    72. Johnston SC, Josephson SA, Hauser SL. Are relative value units hurting healthcare? Ann Neurol. 2013 Feb; 73(2):A5-6. PMID: 23526560.
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    73. Nash KB, Josephson SA, Sun K, Ferriero DM. Should there be pediatric neurohospitalists? Neurology. 2013 Mar 05; 80(10):957-62. PMID: 23325904.
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    74. Hirsch KG, Josephson SA. An update on neurocritical care for the patient with kidney disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2013 Jan; 20(1):39-44. PMID: 23265595.
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    75. Navi BB, Kamel H, Shah MP, Grossman AW, Wong C, Poisson SN, Whetstone WD, Josephson SA, Johnston SC, Kim AS. The use of neuroimaging studies and neurological consultation to evaluate dizzy patients in the emergency department. Neurohospitalist. 2013 Jan; 3(1):7-14. PMID: 23983882; PMCID: PMC3726125.
    76. Kamel H, Navi BB, Elijovich L, Josephson SA, Yee AH, Fung G, Johnston SC, Smith WS. Pilot randomized trial of outpatient cardiac monitoring after cryptogenic stroke. Stroke. 2013 Feb; 44(2):528-30. PMID: 23192756.
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    77. Navi BB, Kamel H, Shah MP, Grossman AW, Wong C, Poisson SN, Whetstone WD, Josephson SA, Johnston SC, Kim AS. Rate and predictors of serious neurologic causes of dizziness in the emergency department. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012 Nov; 87(11):1080-8. PMID: 23063099; PMCID: PMC3541873.
    78. Vasa M, Baudendistel TE, Ohikhuare CE, Grace EM, Yan W, Josephson SA, Tierney LM. Clinical problem-solving. The eyes have it. N Engl J Med. 2012 Sep 06; 367(10):938-43. PMID: 22931263.
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    79. Douglas VC, Scott BJ, Berg G, Freeman WD, Josephson SA. Effect of a neurohospitalist service on outcomes at an academic medical center. Neurology. 2012 Sep 04; 79(10):988-94. PMID: 22914833.
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    80. Waung MW, Grossman AW, Barmada SJ, Josephson SA, Dillon WP, Ralph JW. Pearls & oy-sters: the use of CT venography in Hirayama disease. Neurology. 2012 Jul 31; 79(5):e38-40. PMID: 22851722; PMCID: PMC3405252.
    81. Marcus JF, Goodin DS, Harris CA, Josephson SA. Acute hypercalcemia following excessive calcium supplementation in a dehydrated patient with progressive multiple sclerosis: vitamin d supplementation is a red herring-reply. Arch Neurol. 2012 Jun 01; 69(6):793-4. PMID: 23753930.
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    82. Hauser SL, Josephson SA, Johnston SC. Florbetapir: knowing one's future. Ann Neurol. 2012 Jun; 71(6):A6. PMID: 22718551.
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    83. Toossi S, Josephson SA, Hetts SW, Chin CT, Kralik S, Jun P, Douglas VC. Utility of MRI in spinal arteriovenous fistula. Neurology. 2012 Jul 03; 79(1):25-30. PMID: 22592367.
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    84. Navi BB, Kamel H, Shah MP, Grossman AW, Wong C, Poisson SN, Whetstone WD, Josephson SA, Johnston SC, Kim AS. Application of the ABCD2 score to identify cerebrovascular causes of dizziness in the emergency department. Stroke. 2012 Jun; 43(6):1484-9. PMID: 22442167.
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    85. Josephson SA, Engstrom JW. Residency training: developing a program of quality and safety to train resident neurologists for the future. Neurology. 2012 Feb 21; 78(8):602-5. PMID: 22351799.
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    86. Toossi S, Lomen-Hoerth C, Josephson SA, Gropper MA, Roberts J, Patton K, Smith WS. Organ donation after cardiac death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 2012 Feb; 71(2):154-6. PMID: 22334377.
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    87. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Josephson SA, Lawton MT. Bypass surgery for the prevention of ischemic stroke: current indications and techniques. Neurocirugia (Astur). 2012 Feb; 23(1):5-14. PMID: 22520098.
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    88. Stewart AF, Ferriero DM, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Messing RO, Oksenberg JR, Johnston SC, Hauser SL. Fighting decision fatigue. Ann Neurol. 2012 Jan; 71(1):A5-A15. PMID: 22275264.
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    89. Marcus JF, Shalev SM, Harris CA, Goodin DS, Josephson SA. Severe hypercalcemia following vitamin d supplementation in a patient with multiple sclerosis: a note of caution. Arch Neurol. 2012 Jan; 69(1):129-32. PMID: 22232355.
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    90. Edwards NJ, Kamel H, Josephson SA. The safety of intravenous thrombolysis for ischemic stroke in patients with pre-existing cerebral aneurysms: a case series and review of the literature. Stroke. 2012 Feb; 43(2):412-6. PMID: 22156701.
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    91. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Josephson SA, Josephson AS, Langer D, Lawton MT. Bypass for the prevention of ischemic stroke. World Neurosurg. 2011 Dec; 76(6 Suppl):S72-9. PMID: 22182275.
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    92. Josephson SA, Douglas VC. Neurohospitalist: A newly popular career choice. Neurol Clin Pract. 2011 Dec; 1(1):55-60. PMID: 29443285.
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    93. Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Altered mental status. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2011 Oct; 17(5 Neurologic Consultation in the Hospital):967-83. PMID: 22809977.
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    94. Dasilva KB, Josephson SA. Patient management problem-preferred responses. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2011 Oct; 17(5 Neurologic Consultation in the Hospital):1178-85. PMID: 22809992.
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    95. Dasilva KB, Josephson SA. Patient management problem. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2011 Oct; 17(5 Neurologic Consultation in the Hospital):1173-7. PMID: 22809991.
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    96. Kamel H, Dhaliwal G, Navi BB, Pease AR, Shah M, Dhand A, Johnston SC, Josephson SA. A randomized trial of hypothesis-driven vs screening neurologic examination. Neurology. 2011 Oct 04; 77(14):1395-400. PMID: 21900631; PMCID: PMC3182756.
    97. Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH. Medical student learning in the preclinical curriculum: many steps behind a rapidly moving world. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jul; 70(1):A9-A10. PMID: 21786293.
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    98. Douglas VC, Neuhaus J, Johnson JK, Racine CA, Miller BL, Josephson SA. Dementia=(MC)2: a 4-item screening test for mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2011 Jul-Sep; 25(3):220-4. PMID: 21566510; PMCID: PMC3156889.
    99. Poisson SN, Josephson SA. Quality measures in stroke. Neurohospitalist. 2011 Apr; 1(2):71-7. PMID: 23983840; PMCID: PMC3726084.
    100. Freeman WD, Dawson SB, Raper C, Thiemann K, Josephson SA, Barrett KM. Neurohospitalists reduce length of stay for patients with ischemic stroke. Neurohospitalist. 2011 Apr; 1(2):67-70. PMID: 23983839; PMCID: PMC3726083.
    101. Wilkins EG, Kamel H, Johnson EC, Shalev SM, Josephson SA. Ischemic stroke of the pyramidal decussation causing quadriplegia and anarthria. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2012 Oct; 21(7):620.e1-2. PMID: 21411338.
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    102. Freeman WD, Josephson SA. The birth of neurohospitalists. Neurohospitalist. 2011 Jan; 1(1):5-7. PMID: 23983831; PMCID: PMC3726102.
    103. Douglas VC, Josephson SA. A proposed roadmap for inpatient neurology quality indicators. Neurohospitalist. 2011 Jan; 1(1):8-15. PMID: 23983832; PMCID: PMC3726101.
    104. Josephson SA, Hauser SL. Neurologic education 2011: new challenges and opportunities. Ann Neurol. 2010 Dec; 68(6):A9-10. PMID: 21194145.
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    105. Dhand A, Zhang X, Josephson SA. Increasing aerobic exercise in the community: the adult playground in Beijing, China. Arch Neurol. 2010 Oct; 67(10):1283; author reply 1283-4. PMID: 20937962.
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    106. Josephson SA, Hauser SL, Johnston SC. Malignant middle cerebral artery stroke: Where ischemia meets the scalpel. Ann Neurol. 2010 Oct; 68(4):A6-8. PMID: 20976760.
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    107. Barazangi N, Wintermark M, Lease K, Rao R, Smith W, Josephson SA. Comparison of computed tomography angiography and transesophageal echocardiography for evaluating aortic arch disease. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011 Sep-Oct; 20(5):436-42. PMID: 20813553.
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    108. Burnett MM, Hess CP, Roberts JP, Bass NM, Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Presentation of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome in patients on calcineurin inhibitors. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2010 Dec; 112(10):886-91. PMID: 20800343.
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    109. Gelfand AA, Josephson SA. Substantial radiation exposure for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 20(2):131-3. PMID: 20621510.
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    110. Easter JS, Josephson SA, Vinton DT, Saint S, Edlow JA. Clinical problem-solving. All in the family. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 03; 362(22):2114-20. PMID: 20519683.
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    111. Toossi S, Hess CP, Hills NK, Josephson SA. Neurovascular complications of cocaine use at a tertiary stroke center. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2010 Jul-Aug; 19(4):273-8. PMID: 20444626.
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    112. Josephson SA, Gillum LA. An intervention to teach medical students ankle reflex examination skills. Neurologist. 2010 May; 16(3):196-8. PMID: 20445430.
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    113. Ambrose JB, Bennett HD, Lee HS, Josephson SA. Cerebral vasculopathy after 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine ingestion. Neurologist. 2010 May; 16(3):199-202. PMID: 20445431.
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    114. Josephson SA, Moheet AM, Gropper MA, Nichols AD, Smith WS. Ventilator-associated pneumonia in a neurologic intensive care unit does not lead to increased mortality. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Apr; 12(2):155-8. PMID: 19806474.
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    115. Kamel H, Cornes SB, Hegde M, Hall SE, Josephson SA. Electroconvulsive therapy for refractory status epilepticus: a case series. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Apr; 12(2):204-10. PMID: 19809802.
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    116. Douglas VC, Josephson SA. Delirium. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2010 Apr; 16(2 Dementia):120-34. PMID: 22810284.
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    117. Josephson SA. Predicting neurologic outcomes after cardiac arrest: the crystal ball becomes cloudy. Ann Neurol. 2010 Mar; 67(3):A5-6. PMID: 20373336.
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    118. Josephson SA, Douglas VC, Lawton MT, English JD, Smith WS, Ko NU. Improvement in intensive care unit outcomes in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage after initiation of neurointensivist co-management. J Neurosurg. 2010 Mar; 112(3):626-30. PMID: 19731990.
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    119. Poisson SN, Johnston SC, Josephson SA. Urinary tract infections complicating stroke: mechanisms, consequences, and possible solutions. Stroke. 2010 Apr; 41(4):e180-4. PMID: 20167905.
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    120. Hauser SL, Johnston SC, Ferriero DM, Lowenstein DH, Josephson SA, Messing RO, Oksenberg JR, Stewart AF. Status report: the Annals in 2010. Ann Neurol. 2010 Jan; 67(1):A5-12. PMID: 20186980.
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    121. Gelfand JM, Wintermark M, Josephson SA. Cerebral perfusion-CT patterns following seizure. Eur J Neurol. 2010 Apr; 17(4):594-601. PMID: 19968701.
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    122. Mekuria S, Ching EC, Josephson SA, Tavee J, Harte BJ. The third time's the charm. J Hosp Med. 2009 Oct; 4(8):515-20. PMID: 19824101.
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    123. Ghoshal N, Cali I, Perrin RJ, Josephson SA, Sun N, Gambetti P, Morris JC. Codistribution of amyloid beta plaques and spongiform degeneration in familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with the E200K-129M haplotype. Arch Neurol. 2009 Oct; 66(10):1240-6. PMID: 19822779; PMCID: PMC2796207.
    124. Dubal DB, Mueller S, Ruben BS, Engstrom JW, Josephson SA. T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder following mycophenolate treatment for myasthenia gravis. Muscle Nerve. 2009 Jun; 39(6):849-50. PMID: 19358236.
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    125. Elijovich L, Josephson SA, Fung GL, Smith WS. Intermittent atrial fibrillation may account for a large proportion of otherwise cryptogenic stroke: a study of 30-day cardiac event monitors. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009 May-Jun; 18(3):185-9. PMID: 19426887.
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    126. Hills NK, Josephson SA, Lyden PD, Johnston SC. Is the NIHSS certification process too lenient? Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009; 27(5):426-32. PMID: 19295205; PMCID: PMC2914355.
    127. Ho EL, Josephson SA, Lee HS, Smith WS. Cerebrovascular complications of methamphetamine abuse. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(3):295-305. PMID: 19132558.
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    128. Josephson SA, Saver JL, Smith WS. Comparison of mechanical embolectomy and intraarterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke within the MCA: MERCI and Multi MERCI compared to PROACT II. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):43-9. PMID: 19030784.
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    129. Geschwind MD, Tan KM, Lennon VA, Barajas RF, Haman A, Klein CJ, Josephson SA, Pittock SJ. Voltage-gated potassium channel autoimmunity mimicking creutzfeldt-jakob disease. Arch Neurol. 2008 Oct; 65(10):1341-6. PMID: 18852349; PMCID: PMC2736144.
    130. Josephson SA, Sidney S, Pham TN, Bernstein AL, Johnston SC. Higher ABCD2 score predicts patients most likely to have true transient ischemic attack. Stroke. 2008 Nov; 39(11):3096-8. PMID: 18688003.
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    131. Racine CA, Lawton MT, Hetts SW, Josephson SA. Neuropyschological profile of reversible cognitive impairment in a patient with a dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurocase. 2008; 14(3):231-8. PMID: 18609005.
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    132. Mueller S, Dubal DB, Josephson SA. A case of paraneoplastic myelopathy associated with the neuromyelitis optica antibody. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008 May; 4(5):284-8. PMID: 18317500.
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    133. Josephson SA, Engstrom JW, Wachter RM. Neurohospitalists: an emerging model for inpatient neurological care. Ann Neurol. 2008 Feb; 63(2):135-40. PMID: 18306369.
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    134. Josephson SA, Sidney S, Pham TN, Bernstein AL, Johnston SC. Factors associated with the decision to hospitalize patients after transient ischemic attack before publication of prediction rules. Stroke. 2008 Feb; 39(2):411-3. PMID: 18096832.
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    135. Carey CL, Kramer JH, Josephson SA, Mungas D, Reed BR, Schuff N, Weiner MW, Chui HC. Subcortical lacunes are associated with executive dysfunction in cognitively normal elderly. Stroke. 2008 Feb; 39(2):397-402. PMID: 18096844; PMCID: PMC2443738.
    136. Roy S, Josephson SA, Fridlyand J, Karch J, Kadoch C, Karrim J, Damon L, Treseler P, Kunwar S, Shuman MA, Jones T, Becker CH, Schulman H, Rubenstein JL. Protein biomarker identification in the CSF of patients with CNS lymphoma. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jan 01; 26(1):96-105. PMID: 18056677; PMCID: PMC4134101.
    137. Josephson SA, Papanastassiou AM, Berger MS, Barbaro NM, McDermott MW, Hilton JF, Miller BL, Geschwind MD. The diagnostic utility of brain biopsy procedures in patients with rapidly deteriorating neurological conditions or dementia. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jan; 106(1):72-5. PMID: 17236490.
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    138. Johnston SC, Nguyen-Huynh MN, Schwarz ME, Fuller K, Williams CE, Josephson SA, Hankey GJ, Hart RG, Levine SR, Biller J, Brown RD, Sacco RL, Kappelle LJ, Koudstaal PJ, Bogousslavsky J, Caplan LR, van Gijn J, Algra A, Rothwell PM, Adams HP, Albers GW. National Stroke Association guidelines for the management of transient ischemic attacks. Ann Neurol. 2006 Sep; 60(3):301-13. PMID: 16912978.
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    139. Josephson SA, Hills NK, Johnston SC. NIH Stroke Scale reliability in ratings from a large sample of clinicians. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2006; 22(5-6):389-95. PMID: 16888381.
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    140. Josephson SA, Pillai DR, Phillips JJ, Chou D. Neurolisteriosis presenting as cervical myelitis in an immunocompetent patient. Neurology. 2006 Apr 11; 66(7):1122-3. PMID: 16606936.
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    141. Josephson SA, Kirsch HE. Complex visual hallucinations as post-ictal cortical release phenomena. Neurocase. 2006 Apr; 12(2):107-10. PMID: 16714243.
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    142. Josephson SA, Dillon WP, Smith WS. Incidence of contrast nephropathy from cerebral CT angiography and CT perfusion imaging. Neurology. 2005 May 24; 64(10):1805-6. PMID: 15911820.
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    143. Josephson SA, Johnston SC. Multiple stable fusiform intracranial aneurysms following atrial myxoma. Neurology. 2005 Feb 08; 64(3):526. PMID: 15699386.
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    144. Josephson SA, Bryant SO, Mak HK, Johnston SC, Dillon WP, Smith WS. Evaluation of carotid stenosis using CT angiography in the initial evaluation of stroke and TIA. Neurology. 2004 Aug 10; 63(3):457-60. PMID: 15304575.
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    145. Josephson SA, Dillon WP, Dowd CF, Malek R, Lawton MT, Smith WS. Continuous bleeding from a basilar terminus aneurysm imaged with CT angiography and conventional angiography. Neurocrit Care. 2004; 1(1):103-6. PMID: 16174904.
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    146. Josephson SA, Whelan AJ. A new first-year course designed and taught by a senior medical student. Acad Med. 2002 Dec; 77(12 Pt 1):1207-11. PMID: 12480623.
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    147. Josephson SA, Schmidt RE, Millsap P, McManus DQ, Morris JC. Autosomal dominant Kufs' disease: a cause of early onset dementia. J Neurol Sci. 2001 Jul 15; 188(1-2):51-60. PMID: 11489285.
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