Hannah Leslie, PhD, MPH

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th Street, #3155
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-7464-3645 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Stanford UniversityBA06/2005Human biology
    University of California, BerkeleyMPH05/2009Health and social behavior
    University of California, BerkeleyPhD08/2015Epidemiology
    Harvard TH Chan School of Public HealthPostdoctoral fellowship09/2018Health systems
    University of California, San Francisco, CA10/2022Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    In my research, I work to understand how health systems can improve implementation to meet users’ needs and preferences. I apply my expertise as an epidemiologist towards this goal in multiple ways, including:
    - Understanding user preferences for primary care services. Studies include discrete choice experiments on hypertension services in Karnataka, India and on reproductive health needs in Mississippi, USA.
    - Characterizing and improving program implementation within primary care systems. Studies include development and testing of measures of organizational readiness to provide HIV prevention and treatment programs in rural South Africa and a time-motion assessment within clinics in Lima, Peru.
    - Quantifying patient-reported experience, outcomes, and priorities for health services. Studies include assessments of self-reported measures of mistreatment during childbirth, cross-national surveys on population priorities for health service delivery in multiple countries in Latin America, and a pilot study of electronic patient-reported outcome (PRO) reporting for women receiving breast cancer treatment in Mexico City.

    I also draw on my experience in study design, quantitative analyses, and complex measurement challenges to collaborate on projects both domestically and internationally. I have worked with the World Bank and the World Health Organization on health system quality and effective coverage measurement. I am interested in extending my research to include implementation trials of health service innovations.
    Collapse Global Health Equity

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Identifying clinic factors that shape population health outcomes in times of crisis
    CAPS Resource Allocation Program (Mentored Scientist Award) P30AI027763, A129590Mar 1, 2022 - Feb 28, 2023
    Role: PI
    Description: To conduct secondary analysis of clinic factors and health outcomes for patients with HIV and/or with hypertension in the 12 months before and the first 12 months of the Covid-19 pandemic.
    Making the People's Voice Heard on Health System Quality
    Inter-American Development Bank RG-T3768-P004Jan 6, 2022 - Dec 1, 2023
    Role: PI
    Description: Develop and implement two instruments for health system quality assessment in Colombia, Peru, and Uruguay. The People's Voice Survey is a population-representative phone survey designed to capture population preferences for health service use, patient-reported experience of care, and confidence in the health system, particularly during the Covid pandemic. The e-cohort is a longitudinal assessment of health service quality for non-communicable disease based on repeated mobile assessments of respondents. This project is a collaboration among UCSF, the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) and the Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS) in Argentina.

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Availability of basic infection control items and personal protection equipment in 7948 health facilities in eight low- and middle-income countries: Evidence from national health system surveys. J Glob Health. 2024 Mar 01; 14:04042. Hakim S, Chowdhury MAB, Uddin MJ, Leslie HH. PMID: 38426844; PMCID: PMC10906347.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    2. Informal payments in health facilities in Peru in 2018: Analysis of a cross-sectional survey. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2024; 4(1):e0001837. Espinoza-Pajuelo L, Mallma P, Leslie HH, García PJ. PMID: 38241208; PMCID: PMC10798543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Inequalities in health system coverage and quality: a cross-sectional survey of four Latin American countries. Lancet Glob Health. 2024 Jan; 12(1):e145-e155. Roberti J, Leslie HH, Doubova SV, Ranilla JM, Mazzoni A, Espinoza L, Calderón R, Arsenault C, García-Elorrio E, García PJ. PMID: 38096887; PMCID: PMC10716623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    4. Health system quality and COVID-19 vaccination: a cross-sectional analysis in 14 countries. Lancet Glob Health. 2024 Jan; 12(1):e156-e165. Arsenault C, Lewis TP, Kapoor NR, Okiro EA, Leslie HH, Armeni P, Jarhyan P, Doubova SV, Wright KD, Aryal A, Kounnavong S, Mohan S, Odipo E, Lee HY, Shin J, Ayele W, Medina-Ranilla J, Espinoza-Pajuelo L, Derseh Mebratie A, García Elorrio E, Mazzoni A, Oh J, SteelFisher GK, Tarricone R, Kruk ME. PMID: 38096888; PMCID: PMC10716622.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    5. A systematic review of population and patient perspectives and experiences as measured in Latin American and Caribbean surveys. Health Policy Plan. 2023 Nov 28; 38(10):1225-1241. Medina-Ranilla J, Espinoza-Pajuelo L, Mazzoni A, Roberti J, García-Elorrio E, Leslie HH, García PJ. PMID: 37803966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Design and evaluation of a digital health intervention with proactive follow-up by nurses to improve healthcare and outcomes for patients with breast cancer in Mexico: protocol for a randomised clinical trial. BMJ Open. 2023 11 06; 13(11):e077322. Contreras Sánchez SE, Doubova SV, Grajales Álvarez R, Dip Borunda AK, Martínez Pineda WJ, Nuñez Cerrillo JG, Silva Bravo F, Zalapa Velázquez R, Gutiérrez De la Barrera M, Leslie HH. PMID: 37931967; PMCID: PMC10632859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    7. Measuring people's views on health system performance: Design and development of the People's Voice Survey. PLoS Med. 2023 Oct; 20(10):e1004294. Lewis TP, Kapoor NR, Aryal A, Bazua-Lobato R, Carai S, Clarke-Deelder E, Croke K, Dayalu R, Espinoza-Pajuelo L, Fink G, Garcia PJ, Garcia-Elorrio E, Getachew T, Jarhyan P, Kassa M, Kim SA, Mazzoni A, Medina-Ranilla J, Mohan S, Molla G, Moshabela M, Naidoo I, Nzinga J, Oh J, Okiro EA, Prabhakaran D, Roberti J, SteelFisher G, Taddele T, Tadele A, Wang X, Xu R, Leslie HH, Kruk ME. PMID: 37801441; PMCID: PMC10588880.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. A small area model to assess temporal trends and sub-national disparities in healthcare quality. Nat Commun. 2023 07 28; 14(1):4555. Allorant A, Fullman N, Leslie HH, Sarr M, Gueye D, Eliakimu E, Wakefield J, Dieleman JL, Pigott D, Puttkammer N, Reiner RC. PMID: 37507373; PMCID: PMC10382513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Comparing observed occurrence of mistreatment during childbirth with women's self-report: a validation study in Ghana, Guinea and Nigeria. BMJ Glob Health. 2023 07; 5(Suppl 2). Mehrtash H, Bohren MA, Adu-Bonsaffoh K, Irinyenikan TA, Berger BO, Maya E, Balde MD, Maung TM, Aderoba AK, Tuncalp Ö, Leslie HH. PMID: 37479486; PMCID: PMC10366988.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Estimating the Prevalence of over- and Under-Reporting in HIV Testing, Status and Treatment in Rural Northeast South Africa: A Comparison of a Survey and Clinic Records. AIDS Behav. 2023 Oct; 27(10):3248-3257. Leslie HH, Kabudula CW, West RL, Kang Dufour MS, Julien A, Masilela NG, Tollman SM, Pettifor A, Kahn K, Lippman SA. PMID: 37004687; PMCID: PMC10066974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Population Preferences for Primary Care Models for Hypertension in Karnataka, India. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 03 01; 6(3):e232937. Leslie HH, Babu GR, Dolcy Saldanha N, Turcotte-Tremblay AM, Ravi D, Kapoor NR, Shapeti SS, Prabhakaran D, Kruk ME. PMID: 36917109; PMCID: PMC10015308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Prevalence, motivation, and outcomes of clinic transfer in a clinical cohort of people living with HIV in North West Province, South Africa. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022 Dec 26; 22(1):1584. Leslie HH, Mooney AC, Gilmore HJ, Agnew E, Grignon JS, deKadt J, Shade SB, Ratlhagana MJ, Sumitani J, Barnhart S, Steward WT, Lippman SA. PMID: 36572869; PMCID: PMC9791728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Understanding the factors that impact effective uptake and maintenance of HIV care programs in South African primary health care clinics. Arch Public Health. 2022 Oct 09; 80(1):221. van Heerden A, Ntinga X, Lippman SA, Leslie HH, Steward WT. PMID: 36210476; PMCID: PMC9548388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    14. The road to recovery: an interrupted time series analysis of policy intervention to restore essential health services in Mexico during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Glob Health. 2022 Jul 23; 12:05033. Doubova SV, Arsenault C, Contreras-Sánchez SE, Borrayo-Sánchez G, Leslie HH. PMID: 35866236; PMCID: PMC9304921.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. The association between institutional delivery and neonatal mortality based on the quality of maternal and newborn health system in India. Sci Rep. 2022 04 13; 12(1):6220. Lee HY, Leslie HH, Oh J, Kim R, Kumar A, Subramanian SV, Kruk ME. PMID: 35418654; PMCID: PMC9007995.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Overcoming disruptions in essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. BMJ Glob Health. 2022 03; 7(3). Doubova SV, Robledo-Aburto ZA, Duque-Molina C, Borrayo-Sánchez G, González-León M, Avilés-Hernández R, Contreras-Sánchez SE, Leslie HH, Kruk M, Pérez-Cuevas R, Arsenault C. PMID: 35260393; PMCID: PMC8905410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    17. Evaluating patient-reported outcome measures in Peru: a cross-sectional study of satisfaction and net promoter score using the 2016 EnSuSalud survey. BMJ Qual Saf. 2022 08; 31(8):599-608. Leslie HH, Lee HY, Blouin B, Kruk ME, García PJ. PMID: 35121652; PMCID: PMC9304114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Stability of healthcare quality measures for maternal and child services: Analysis of the continuous service provision assessment of health facilities in Senegal, 2012-2018. Trop Med Int Health. 2022 01; 27(1):68-80. Leslie HH, Hategeka C, Ndour PI, Nimako K, Dieng M, Diallo A, Ndiaye Y. PMID: 34865274; PMCID: PMC9300084.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Erratum: Variance estimation for effective coverage measures: A simulation study. J Glob Health. 2021; 11:01009. Leslie H. PMID: 34804507; PMCID: PMC8576354.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    20. Disruption in essential health services in Mexico during COVID-19: an interrupted time series analysis of health information system data. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 09; 6(9). Doubova SV, Leslie HH, Kruk ME, Pérez-Cuevas R, Arsenault C. PMID: 34470746; PMCID: PMC8413469.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    21. Methodological considerations for linking household and healthcare provider data for estimating effective coverage: a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2021 08 26; 11(8):e045704. Carter ED, Leslie HH, Marchant T, Amouzou A, Munos MK. PMID: 34446481; PMCID: PMC8395298.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Development of measures for assessing mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth based on labour observations. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 08; 5(Suppl 2). Berger BO, Strobino DM, Mehrtash H, Bohren MA, Adu-Bonsaffoh K, Leslie HH, Irinyenikan TA, Maung TM, Balde MD, Tunçalp Ö. PMID: 34362791; PMCID: PMC8353173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Women's report of mistreatment during facility-based childbirth: validity and reliability of community survey measures. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 08; 5(Suppl 2). Leslie HH, Sharma J, Mehrtash H, Berger BO, Irinyenikan TA, Balde MD, Mon NO, Maya E, Soumah AM, Adu-Bonsaffoh K, Maung TM, Bohren MA, Tunçalp Ö. PMID: 34362792; PMCID: PMC8353172.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Providers' definitions of quality and barriers to providing quality care: a qualitative study in rural Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. J Glob Health Sci. 2021 Jun; 3(1). West RL, Lippman SA, Twine R, Maritze M, Kahn K, Leslie HH. PMID: 35419555; PMCID: PMC9004593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    25. Health Care Providers' Challenges to High-Quality HIV Care and Antiretroviral Treatment Retention in Rural South Africa. Qual Health Res. 2021 03; 31(4):722-735. Julien A, Anthierens S, Van Rie A, West R, Maritze M, Twine R, Kahn K, Lippman SA, Pettifor A, Leslie HH. PMID: 33570470; PMCID: PMC8221833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Health care provider time in public primary care facilities in Lima, Peru: a cross-sectional time motion study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2021 Feb 06; 21(1):123. Leslie HH, Laos D, Cárcamo C, Pérez-Cuevas R, García PJ. PMID: 33549079; PMCID: PMC7865111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Effective coverage of nutrition interventions across the continuum of care in Bangladesh: insights from nationwide cross-sectional household and health facility surveys. BMJ Open. 2021 01 20; 11(1):e040109. Nguyen PH, Khuong LQ, Pramanik P, Billah SM, Menon P, Piwoz E, Leslie HH. PMID: 33472778; PMCID: PMC7818835.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Measuring Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change in Primary Care Facilities in Rural Bushbuckridge, South Africa. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2022 07 01; 11(7):912-918. Leslie HH, West R, Twine R, Masilela N, Steward WT, Kahn K, Lippman SA. PMID: 33300775; PMCID: PMC9808169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Quality of clinical management of children diagnosed with malaria: A cross-sectional assessment in 9 sub-Saharan African countries between 2007-2018. PLoS Med. 2020 09; 17(9):e1003254. Cohen JL, Leslie HH, Saran I, Fink G. PMID: 32925906; PMCID: PMC7489507.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Assessment of Bypass of the Nearest Primary Health Care Facility Among Women in Ghana. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 08 03; 3(8):e2012552. Bell G, Macarayan EK, Ratcliffe H, Kim JH, Otupiri E, Lipsitz S, Hirschhorn L, Awoonor-Williams JK, Nimako BA, Ofosu A, Leslie H, Bitton A, Schwarz D. PMID: 32785634; PMCID: PMC7424402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Quality of clinical assessment and child mortality: a three-country cross-sectional study. Health Policy Plan. 2020 Aug 01; 35(7):878-887. Perales NA, Wei D, Khadka A, Leslie HH, Hamadou S, Yama GC, Robyn PJ, Shapira G, Kruk ME, Fink G. PMID: 32577749.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Variance estimation for effective coverage measures: A simulation study. J Glob Health. 2020 06; 10(1):010506. Sauer SM, Pullum T, Wang W, Mallick L, Leslie HH. PMID: 32257160; PMCID: PMC7101480.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Examining coverage, content, and impact of maternal nutrition interventions: the case for quality-adjusted coverage measurement. J Glob Health. 2020 Jun; 10(1):010501. Joseph NT, Piwoz E, Lee D, Malata A, Leslie HH, Countdown Coverage Technical Working Group. PMID: 32082545; PMCID: PMC7020656.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Treatment as Prevention-Provider Knowledge and Counseling Lag Behind Global Campaigns. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 02 01; 83(2):e9-e12. Lippman SA, West R, Gómez-Olivé FX, Leslie HH, Twine R, Gottert A, Kahn K, Pettifor A. PMID: 31929409; PMCID: PMC6961802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Factors associated with positive user experience with primary healthcare providers in Mexico: a multilevel modelling approach using national cross-sectional data. BMJ Open. 2020 01 14; 10(1):e029818. Holt K, Doubova SV, Lee D, Perez-Cuevas R, Leslie HH. PMID: 31941761; PMCID: PMC7045193.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Antibiotic exposure among children younger than 5 years in low-income and middle-income countries: a cross-sectional study of nationally representative facility-based and household-based surveys. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 02; 20(2):179-187. Fink G, D'Acremont V, Leslie HH, Cohen J. PMID: 31843383.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Assessing health system performance: effective coverage at the Mexican Institute of Social Security. Health Policy Plan. 2019 Nov 01; 34(Supplement_2):ii67-ii76. Leslie HH, Doubova SV, Pérez-Cuevas R. PMID: 31723962.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. High quality health systems in the SDG era: Country-specific priorities for improving quality of care. PLoS Med. 2019 10; 16(10):e1002946. Thapa G, Jhalani M, García-Saisó S, Malata A, Roder-DeWan S, Leslie HH. PMID: 31581260; PMCID: PMC6776256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Effect of continuum-of-care intervention package on improving contacts and quality of maternal and newborn healthcare in Ghana: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2019 09 11; 9(9):e025347. Okawa S, Gyapong M, Leslie H, Shibanuma A, Kikuchi K, Yeji F, Tawiah C, Addei S, Nanishi K, Oduro AR, Owusu-Agyei S, Ansah E, Asare GQ, Yasuoka J, Hodgson A, Jimba M, Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team. PMID: 31511278; PMCID: PMC6738678.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Exploring the association between sick child healthcare utilisation and health facility quality in Malawi: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019 07 27; 9(7):e029631. Liu L, Leslie HH, Joshua M, Kruk ME. PMID: 31352421; PMCID: PMC6661667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Predicted effect of regionalised delivery care on neonatal mortality, utilisation, financial risk, and patient utility in Malawi: an agent-based modelling analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2019 07; 7(7):e932-e939. Shrime MG, Iverson KR, Yorlets R, Roder-DeWan S, Gage AD, Leslie H, Malata A. PMID: 31200892; PMCID: PMC6581692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Advances in the measurement of coverage for RMNCH and nutrition: from contact to effective coverage. BMJ Glob Health. 2019; 4(Suppl 4):e001297. Amouzou A, Leslie HH, Ram M, Fox M, Jiwani SS, Requejo J, Marchant T, Munos MK, Vaz LME, Weiss W, Hayashi C, Boerma T. PMID: 31297252; PMCID: PMC6590972.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    
    43. Understanding the role of resilience resources, antiretroviral therapy initiation, and HIV-1 RNA suppression among people living with HIV in South Africa: a prospective cohort study. AIDS. 2019 06 01; 33 Suppl 1:S71-S79. Katz IT, Bogart LM, Dietrich JJ, Leslie HH, Iyer HS, Leone D, Magidson JF, Earnshaw VA, Courtney I, Tshabalala G, Fitzmaurice GM, Orrell C, Gray G, Bangsberg DR. PMID: 31397725; PMCID: PMC6712569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. Latent class analysis of the social determinants of health-seeking behaviour for delivery among pregnant women in Malawi. BMJ Glob Health. 2019; 4(2):e000930. Yorlets RR, Iverson KR, Leslie HH, Gage AD, Roder-DeWan S, Nsona H, Shrime MG. PMID: 30997159; PMCID: PMC6441245.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    45. Quality gap in maternal and newborn healthcare: a cross-sectional study in Myanmar. BMJ Glob Health. 2019; 4(2):e001078. Okawa S, Win HH, Leslie HH, Nanishi K, Shibanuma A, Aye PP, Jimba M. PMID: 30997160; PMCID: PMC6441248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    
    46. Measuring quality of care for all women and newborns: how do we know if we are doing it right? A review of facility assessment tools. Lancet Glob Health. 2019 05; 7(5):e624-e632. Brizuela V, Leslie HH, Sharma J, Langer A, Tunçalp Ö. PMID: 30898495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Reasons for low utilisation of public facilities among households with hypertension: analysis of a population-based survey in India. BMJ Glob Health. 2018; 3(6):e001002. Kujawski SA, Leslie HH, Prabhakaran D, Singh K, Kruk ME. PMID: 30622745; PMCID: PMC6307571.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    
    48. Barriers and opportunities to improve the foundations for high-quality healthcare in the Mexican Health System. Health Policy Plan. 2018 Dec 01; 33(10):1073-1082. Doubova SV, García-Saisó S, Pérez-Cuevas R, Sarabia-González O, Pacheco-Estrello P, Leslie HH, Santamaría C, Torres-Arreola LDP, Infante-Castañeda C. PMID: 30544258; PMCID: PMC6415720.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Health systems thinking: A new generation of research to improve healthcare quality. PLoS Med. 2018 10; 15(10):e1002682. Leslie HH, Hirschhorn LR, Marchant T, Doubova SV, Gureje O, Kruk ME. PMID: 30376581; PMCID: PMC6207294.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Patient-centered primary care and self-rated health in 6 Latin American and Caribbean countries: Analysis of a public opinion cross-sectional survey. PLoS Med. 2018 10; 15(10):e1002673. Guanais F, Doubova SV, Leslie HH, Perez-Cuevas R, García-Elorrio E, Kruk ME. PMID: 30300422; PMCID: PMC6177127.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Health system measurement: Harnessing machine learning to advance global health. PLoS One. 2018; 13(10):e0204958. Leslie HH, Zhou X, Spiegelman D, Kruk ME. PMID: 30289935; PMCID: PMC6173424.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    52. Quality governance in a pluralistic health system: Mexican experience and challenges. Lancet Glob Health. 2018 11; 6(11):e1149-e1152. Doubova SV, García-Saiso S, Pérez-Cuevas R, Sarabia-González O, Pacheco-Estrello P, Infante-Castañeda C, Santamaría C, Del Pilar Torres-Arreola L, Leslie HH. PMID: 30196095.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    53. High-quality health systems in the Sustainable Development Goals era: time for a revolution. Lancet Glob Health. 2018 11; 6(11):e1196-e1252. Kruk ME, Gage AD, Arsenault C, Jordan K, Leslie HH, Roder-DeWan S, Adeyi O, Barker P, Daelmans B, Doubova SV, English M, García-Elorrio E, Guanais F, Gureje O, Hirschhorn LR, Jiang L, Kelley E, Lemango ET, Liljestrand J, Malata A, Marchant T, Matsoso MP, Meara JG, Mohanan M, Ndiaye Y, Norheim OF, Reddy KS, Rowe AK, Salomon JA, Thapa G, Twum-Danso NAY, Pate M. PMID: 30196093; PMCID: PMC7734391.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1018     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Does quality influence utilization of primary health care? Evidence from Haiti. Global Health. 2018 06 20; 14(1):59. Gage AD, Leslie HH, Bitton A, Jerome JG, Joseph JP, Thermidor R, Kruk ME. PMID: 29925416; PMCID: PMC6011404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Can India's primary care facilities deliver? A cross-sectional assessment of the Indian public health system's capacity for basic delivery and newborn services. BMJ Open. 2018 06 04; 8(6):e020532. Sharma J, Leslie HH, Regan M, Nambiar D, Kruk ME. PMID: 29866726; PMCID: PMC5988146.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    56. Distribution and determinants of pneumonia diagnosis using Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines: a nationally representative study in Malawi. BMJ Glob Health. 2018; 3(2):e000506. Uwemedimo OT, Lewis TP, Essien EA, Chan GJ, Nsona H, Kruk ME, Leslie HH. PMID: 29662688; PMCID: PMC5898357.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    
    57. Content of Care in 15,000 Sick Child Consultations in Nine Lower-Income Countries. Health Serv Res. 2018 08; 53(4):2084-2098. Kruk ME, Gage AD, Mbaruku GM, Leslie HH. PMID: 29516468; PMCID: PMC6052007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Context matters: Community social cohesion and health behaviors in two South African areas. Health Place. 2018 03; 50:98-104. Lippman SA, Leslie HH, Neilands TB, Twine R, Grignon JS, MacPhail C, Morris J, Rebombo D, Sesane M, El Ayadi AM, Pettifor A, Kahn K. PMID: 29414427; PMCID: PMC5962353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Association between infrastructure and observed quality of care in 4 healthcare services: A cross-sectional study of 4,300 facilities in 8 countries. PLoS Med. 2017 Dec; 14(12):e1002464. Leslie HH, Sun Z, Kruk ME. PMID: 29232377; PMCID: PMC5726617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 80     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Service readiness of health facilities in Bangladesh, Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Nov 01; 95(11):738-748. Leslie HH, Spiegelman D, Zhou X, Kruk ME. PMID: 29147054; PMCID: PMC5677617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    
    61. Effective coverage of primary care services in eight high-mortality countries. BMJ Glob Health. 2017; 2(3):e000424. Leslie HH, Malata A, Ndiaye Y, Kruk ME. PMID: 29632704; PMCID: PMC5887868.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    
    62. The determinants and outcomes of good provider communication: a cross-sectional study in seven African countries. BMJ Open. 2017 07 02; 7(6):e014888. Larson E, Leslie HH, Kruk ME. PMID: 28674138; PMCID: PMC5734554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. The Lancet Global Health Commission on High Quality Health Systems-where's the complexity? - Authors' reply. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 06; 5(6):e572. Kruk ME, Marchant T, Doubova S, Leslie HH, Pate M. PMID: 28495258.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Variation in quality of primary-care services in Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Jun 01; 95(6):408-418. Kruk ME, Chukwuma A, Mbaruku G, Leslie HH. PMID: 28603307; PMCID: PMC5463807.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Quality of basic maternal care functions in low-income countries - Authors' reply. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 05; 5(5):e486. Kruk ME, Leslie HH. PMID: 28395840.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Assessing the quality of primary care in Haiti. Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Mar 01; 95(3):182-190. Gage AD, Leslie HH, Bitton A, Jerome JG, Thermidor R, Joseph JP, Kruk ME. PMID: 28250531; PMCID: PMC5328114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Poor Quality for Poor Women? Inequities in the Quality of Antenatal and Delivery Care in Kenya. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0171236. Sharma J, Leslie HH, Kundu F, Kruk ME. PMID: 28141840; PMCID: PMC5283741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Financial hardship on the path to Universal Health Coverage in the Gulf States. Health Policy. 2017 Mar; 121(3):315-320. Alshamsan R, Leslie H, Majeed A, Kruk M. PMID: 28089280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Community Mobilization for HIV Testing Uptake: Results From a Community Randomized Trial of a Theory-Based Intervention in Rural South Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 01 01; 74 Suppl 1:S44-S51. Lippman SA, Neilands TB, MacPhail C, Peacock D, Maman S, Rebombo D, Twine R, Selin A, Leslie HH, Kahn K, Pettifor A. PMID: 27930611; PMCID: PMC5147031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Scaling-up health information systems to improve HIV treatment: An assessment of initial patient monitoring systems in Mozambique. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan; 97:322-330. Hochgesang M, Zamudio-Haas S, Moran L, Nhampossa L, Packel L, Leslie H, Richards J, Shade SB. PMID: 27919390; PMCID: PMC6056312.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    71. Obstetric Facility Quality and Newborn Mortality in Malawi: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS Med. 2016 Oct; 13(10):e1002151. Leslie HH, Fink G, Nsona H, Kruk ME. PMID: 27755547; PMCID: PMC5068819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Quality of basic maternal care functions in health facilities of five African countries: an analysis of national health system surveys. Lancet Glob Health. 2016 11; 4(11):e845-e855. Kruk ME, Leslie HH, Verguet S, Mbaruku GM, Adanu RMK, Langer A. PMID: 27670090.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 143     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Training And Supervision Did Not Meaningfully Improve Quality Of Care For Pregnant Women Or Sick Children In Sub-Saharan Africa. Health Aff (Millwood). 2016 09 01; 35(9):1716-24. Leslie HH, Gage A, Nsona H, Hirschhorn LR, Kruk ME. PMID: 27605655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Development, validation, and performance of a scale to measure community mobilization. Soc Sci Med. 2016 05; 157:127-37. Lippman SA, Neilands TB, Leslie HH, Maman S, MacPhail C, Twine R, Peacock D, Kahn K, Pettifor A. PMID: 27085071; PMCID: PMC4853196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Collective efficacy, alcohol outlet density, and young men's alcohol use in rural South Africa. Health Place. 2015 Jul; 34:190-8. Leslie HH, Ahern J, Pettifor AE, Twine R, Kahn K, Gómez-Olivé FX, Lippman SA. PMID: 26071651; PMCID: PMC4497916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Outcomes Up to 12 Months After Treatment With Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Among HIV-Infected Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Jun 01; 69(2):200-5. Huchko MJ, Leslie H, Maloba M, Zakaras J, Bukusi E, Cohen CR. PMID: 25647529; PMCID: PMC4446153.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Novel handwashes are superior to soap and water in removal of Clostridium difficile spores from the hands. Am J Infect Control. 2015 May 01; 43(5):530-2. Isaacson D, Haller B, Leslie H, Roemer M, Winston L. PMID: 25952050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    78. Cervical cancer precursors and hormonal contraceptive use in HIV-positive women: application of a causal model and semi-parametric estimation methods. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e101090. Leslie HH, Karasek DA, Harris LF, Chang E, Abdulrahim N, Maloba M, Huchko MJ. PMID: 24979709; PMCID: PMC4076246.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Factors associated with recurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ after treatment among HIV-infected women in Western Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Jun 01; 66(2):188-92. Huchko MJ, Leslie H, Maloba M, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 24662299; PMCID: PMC4166547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Descriptive characteristics and health outcomes of the food by prescription nutrition supplementation program for adults living with HIV in Nyanza Province, Kenya. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e91403. Nagata JM, Cohen CR, Young SL, Wamuyu C, Armes MN, Otieno BO, Leslie HH, Dandu M, Stewart CC, Bukusi EA, Weiser SD. PMID: 24646586; PMCID: PMC3960130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Authors' reply: Impact of loop electrosurgical excision procedure for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia on HIV-1 genital shedding: a prospective cohort study: population and statistical queries. BJOG. 2014 Feb; 121(3):372. Huchko MJ, Leslie HH, Smith-McCune K. PMID: 24428454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    82. A comparison of two visual inspection methods for cervical cancer screening among HIV-infected women in Kenya. Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Mar 01; 92(3):195-203. Huchko MJ, Sneden J, Leslie HH, Abdulrahim N, Maloba M, Bukusi E, Cohen CR. PMID: 24700979; PMCID: PMC3949589.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Impact of expanded antiretroviral use on incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in children with HIV in Kenya. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Oct; 17(10):1291-7. Abuogi LL, Mwachari C, Leslie HH, Shade SB, Otieno J, Yienya N, Sanguli L, Amukoye E, Cohen CR. PMID: 24025380; PMCID: PMC5454479.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    84. Risk factors for cervical precancer detection among previously unscreened HIV-infected women in Western Kenya. Int J Cancer. 2014 Feb 01; 134(3):740-5. Huchko MJ, Leslie H, Sneden J, Maloba M, Abdulrahim N, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 23900762; PMCID: PMC3839664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Integration of HIV Care with Primary Health Care Services: Effect on Patient Satisfaction and Stigma in Rural Kenya. AIDS Res Treat. 2013; 2013:485715. Odeny TA, Penner J, Lewis-Kulzer J, Leslie HH, Shade SB, Adero W, Kioko J, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA. PMID: 23738055; PMCID: PMC3664481.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33  
    86. Impact of loop electrosurgical excision procedure for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia on HIV-1 genital shedding: a prospective cohort study. BJOG. 2013 Sep; 120(10):1233-9. Huchko MJ, Woo VG, Liegler T, Leslie H, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya GF, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 23647852; PMCID: PMC3739995.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    87. Social participation and drug use in a cohort of Brazilian sex workers. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Jun; 67(6):491-7. Leslie HH, Ahern J, Chinaglia M, Kerrigan D, Lippman SA. PMID: 23505308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Predictors of linkage to care following community-based HIV counseling and testing in rural Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2012 Jul; 16(5):1295-307. Hatcher AM, Turan JM, Leslie HH, Kanya LW, Kwena Z, Johnson MO, Shade SB, Bukusi EA, Doyen A, Cohen CR. PMID: 22020756; PMCID: PMC3590795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 74     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. Ten-year clinical follow-up of a cohort of 51 patients with macroprolactinemia establishes it as a benign variant. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jul; 95(7):3268-71. Wallace IR, Satti N, Courtney CH, Leslie H, Bell PM, Hunter SJ, McCance DR, Sheridan B, Atkinson AB. PMID: 20427494.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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