Heather Greenwood, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Radiology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th Street, #7347
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-7664-3852 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Northwestern University, Evanston, ILBA2004
    Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, ILMD2008
    NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY2013Diagnostic Radiology Residency
    UCSF, San Francisco, CA2014Breast Imaging Fellowship
    University of California, San Francisco2022Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Board of Radiology2021Volunteer Service Award
    Northwestern University 2004Summa Cum Laude
    Northwestern University2003Phi Beta Kappa

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Heather Greenwood, MD, is an Associate Professor of Clinical Radiology in the Breast Imaging section at the University of California, San Francisco. She obtained her medical degree from Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois in 2008, followed by a one-year internship at MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, Illinois. Dr. Greenwood completed a four-year Diagnostic Radiology residency at New York University Hospital in 2013, followed by a Breast Imaging fellowship at UCSF in 2014.

    Breast Imaging

    Diagnostic and screening mammography examinations, breast MRI, performing breast ultrasound examinations, image guided wire localizations prior to surgery and performing percutaneous breast biopsies

    Professional Interests:
    Breast MRI, screening mammography, high-risk breast cancer screening, percutaneous breast biopsies, fellow/resident/medical student education, breast cancer screening prior to fertility treatment

    Education and Training:
    • Medical School: Northwestern University, Chicago, IL
    • Internship: MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn IL
    • Residency: NYU Hospital, New York, NY
    • Fellowship: University of California, San Francisco – Women’s Imaging

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Screening in Women With BRCA Mutations Revisited. J Breast Imaging. 2024 Jan 19; 6(1):4-13. Greenwood HI, Dodelzon K. PMID: 38166173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Evolving Treatment Paradigms for Low-Risk Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Imaging Needs. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2024 03; 222(3):e2330503. Nguyen DL, Greenwood HI, Rahbar H, Grimm LJ. PMID: 38090808.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. 407 Moving from observational studies to a clinical trial: the impact of obesity and surgical weight loss on breast imaging, tissue, and cancer screening experience: the B-BRITE study. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science. 2023 Apr 24; 7(s1):121-122. Clelland CE, Gonzalez-Vargas GJ, Palilla PS, Koliwad KS, Greenwood GH, Schwartz SC, Benz BC, Alba AD, Mukhtar MR. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    4. Identifying Good Candidates for Active Surveillance of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Insights from a Large Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy Cohort. Cancer Res Commun. 2022 12; 2(12):1579-1589. Glencer AC, Miller PN, Greenwood H, Maldonado Rodas CK, Freimanis R, Basu A, Mukhtar RA, Brabham C, Kim P, Hwang ES, Rosenbluth JM, Hirst GL, Campbell MJ, Borowsky AD, Esserman LJ. PMID: 36970720; PMCID: PMC10035518.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Abstract B015: MRI features can identify DCIS patients who can be managed with endocrine therapy alone. Cancer Prevention Research. 2022 Dec 1; 15(12_Supplement_1):b015-b015. Rodas RC, Greenwood GH, Freimanis FR, Borowsky BA, Hirst HG, Hylton HN, Esserman EL, Basu BA. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    6. Alveolar soft part sarcoma of the pectoralis mimicking a breast mass: A case report. Human Pathology Reports. 2022 Sep 1; 29:300674. Lu LK, Sieberg SR, Freimanis FR, Greenwood GH, Schwartz SC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    7. Case Report Alveolar soft part sarcoma of the pectoralis mimicking a breast mass: A case report. Human Pathology Reports. 2022; 29. Kevin L. Lu Ryan Sieberg, Rita I.Freimanis, Heather I. Greenwood, Christopher J. Schwartz.
    8. The Value of Targeted Ultrasound for the Primary Evaluation of Breast Symptoms in Pregnant Women of All Ages. J Breast Imaging. 2021 Sep 16; 3(5):556-563. Holtz JN, Woodard GA, Hayward JH, Ray KM, Kannan N, Greenwood HI, Joe BN, Lee AY. PMID: 38424949.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    9. Outcomes of screening mammography performed prior to fertility treatment in women ages 40-49. Clin Imaging. 2021 Dec; 80:359-363. Greenwood HI, Price ER, Lee AY, Kelil T, Jones C, Le M, Jaswa EG. PMID: 34507268.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    10. Dual-energy three-compartment breast imaging for compositional biomarkers to improve detection of malignant lesions. Commun Med (Lond). 2021; 1:29. Leong LT, Malkov S, Drukker K, Niell BL, Sadowski P, Wolfgruber T, Greenwood HI, Joe BN, Kerlikowske K, Giger ML, Shepherd JA. PMID: 35602210; PMCID: PMC9053198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. The Value of Targeted Ultrasound for the Primary Evaluation of Breast Symptoms in Pregnant Women of All Ages. Journal of Breast Imaging. 2021 Aug 18. Holtz HJ, Woodard WG, Hayward HJ, Ray RK, Kannan KN, Greenwood GH, Joe JB, Lee LA. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    12. Relationship between body mass index and malignancy rates of MRI-guided breast biopsies: impact of clinicodemographic factors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2021 Aug; 188(3):739-747. Tang A, Cohan CM, Hansen KS, Beattie G, Greenwood HI, Mukhtar RA. PMID: 33772708.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Accuracy of breast MRI in evaluating nodal status after neoadjuvant therapy in invasive lobular carcinoma. NPJ Breast Cancer. 2021 Mar 05; 7(1):25. Abel MK, Greenwood H, Kelil T, Guo R, Brabham C, Hylton N, Wong J, Alvarado M, Ewing C, Esserman LJ, Boughey JC, Mukhtar RA. PMID: 33674614; PMCID: PMC7935955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7  
    14. Abstract PD5-01: Magnetic resonance imaging insights from an active surveillance cohort of women with DCIS. Cancer Research. 2021 Feb 15; 81(4_Supplement):pd5-01-pd5-01. Greenwood GH, Freimanis FR, Brabham BC, Mukhtar MR, Hirst HG, Kim KP, Liang LA, Esserman EL, Hylton HN, Basu BA. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    15. Abstract PS1-03: Active surveillance for DCIS: Clinical outcomes at 5.6 years mean follow-up. Cancer Research. 2021 Feb 15; 81(4_Supplement):ps1-03-ps1-03. Brabham BC, Mukhtar MR, Liang LA, Kim KP, Hirst HG, Basu BA, Greenwood GH, Freimanis FR, Borowsky BA, Hwang HS, Baehner BR, Krings KG, Hylton HN, Esserman EL. .
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    16. Post-lumpectomy breast calcifications: Can original tumor features assist in determining need for biopsy? Clin Imaging. 2021 Jul; 75:16-21. Greenwood HI, Kelil T, Lobach IV, Fong V, Price ER. PMID: 33486147.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Commentary on "Comparison of Abbreviated Breast MRI vs Digital Breast Tomosynthesis for Breast Cancer Detection Among Women With Dense Breasts Undergoing Screening". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 01; 216(1):37. Greenwood HI, Freimanis RI. PMID: 32812772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. US as the Primary Imaging Modality in the Evaluation of Palpable Breast Masses in Breastfeeding Women, Including Those of Advanced Maternal Age. Radiology. 2020 11; 297(2):316-324. Chung M, Hayward JH, Woodard GA, Knobel A, Greenwood HI, Ray KM, Joe BN, Lee AY. PMID: 32870133.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. A case of acute onset gigantomastia in a 20-year-old woman. Clin Imaging. 2020 Dec; 68:57-60. Vyas S, Greenwood HI, Jankowski T, Freimanis RI, Kallianos KG, Henry TS, Strachowski LM. PMID: 32570010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Abstract P6-16-06: Improved early stratification of invasive cancer risk using MRI in a ductal carcinoma in-situ short-term active surveillance cohort treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. Cancer Research. 2020 Feb 15; 80(4_Supplement):p6-16-06-p6-16-06. Kim KP, Greenwood GH, Freimanis FR, Hirst HG, Fischer-Colbrie FM, Gibbs GJ, Hylton HN, Yau YC, Hwang HE, Esserman EL, Mukhtar MR. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    21. Capsular synovial metaplasia mimicking radiographic features of implant-associated anaplastic lymphoma. Clinical Imaging. 2020 Feb 1; 59(2):144-147. Linden LO, Kelil KT, Greenwood GH, Lauw LM, Strachowski SL. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    22. Capsular synovial metaplasia mimicking radiographic features of implant-associated anaplastic lymphoma. Clin Imaging. 2020 Feb; 59(2):144-147. Linden O, Kelil T, Greenwood H, Lauw M, Strachowski L. PMID: 31816541.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Outcomes of screening mammography in women less than 40 prior to fertility treatment: a retrospective pilot study. Clin Imaging. 2020 Feb; 59(2):109-113. Greenwood HI, Greenwood EA, Lee AY, Price ER. PMID: 31812882.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Role of Breast MRI in the Evaluation and Detection of DCIS: Opportunities and Challenges. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2020 09; 52(3):697-709. Greenwood HI, Wilmes LJ, Kelil T, Joe BN. PMID: 31746088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Deep learning networks find unique mammographic differences in previous negative mammograms between interval and screen-detected cancers: a case-case study. Cancer Imaging. 2019 Jun 22; 19(1):41. Hinton B, Ma L, Mahmoudzadeh AP, Malkov S, Fan B, Greenwood H, Joe B, Lee V, Kerlikowske K, Shepherd J. PMID: 31228956; PMCID: PMC6589178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Feasibility of Magnetic Seeds for Preoperative Localization of Axillary Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer Treatment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 10; 213(4):953-957. Greenwood HI, Wong JM, Mukhtar RA, Alvarado MD, Price ER. PMID: 31166765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Derived mammographic masking measures based on simulated lesions predict the risk of interval cancer after controlling for known risk factors: a case-case analysis. Med Phys. 2019 Mar; 46(3):1309-1316. Hinton B, Ma L, Mahmoudzadeh AP, Malkov S, Fan B, Greenwood H, Joe B, Lee V, Strand F, Kerlikowske K, Shepherd J. PMID: 30697755; PMCID: PMC6416079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. The Gambler's Fallacy in Screening Mammography. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019 Jun; 16(6):830-833. Callen AL, Lobach I, Mesina O, Marcus S, Joe BN, Sickles EA, Greenwood HI. PMID: 30611683.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Combined Benefit of Quantitative Three-Compartment Breast Image Analysis and Mammography Radiomics in the Classification of Breast Masses in a Clinical Data Set. Radiology. 2019 03; 290(3):621-628. Drukker K, Giger ML, Joe BN, Kerlikowske K, Greenwood H, Drukteinis JS, Niell B, Fan B, Malkov S, Avila J, Kazemi L, Shepherd J. PMID: 30526359; PMCID: PMC6394732.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Characterization of Metastatic Sternal Lesions on Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Breast MRI in Women with Invasive Breast Cancer. Acad Radiol. 2019 10; 26(10):1358-1362. Lee AY, Navarro R, Busby LP, Greenwood HI, Bucknor MD, Ray KM, Joe BN. PMID: 30527457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Abbreviated protocol breast MRI: The past, present, and future. Clin Imaging. 2019 Jan - Feb; 53:169-173. Greenwood HI. PMID: 30366213.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    32. Impact of Advancing Technology on Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer. Surg Clin North Am. 2018 Aug; 98(4):703-724. Greenwood HI, Dodelzon K, Katzen JT. PMID: 30005769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Sonographic-MRI Correlation After Percutaneous Sampling of Targeted Breast Ultrasound Lesions: Initial Experiences With Limited-Sequence Unenhanced MRI for Postprocedural Clip Localization. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 Apr; 210(4):927-934. Lee AY, Nguyen VT, Arasu VA, Greenwood HI, Ray KM, Joe BN, Price ER. PMID: 29489404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Effect of Background Parenchymal Enhancement on Breast MR Imaging Interpretive Performance in Community-based Practices. Radiology. 2018 03; 286(3):822-829. Ray KM, Kerlikowske K, Lobach IV, Hofmann MB, Greenwood HI, Arasu VA, Hylton NM, Joe BN. PMID: 29072981; PMCID: PMC5831266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    35. Clustered Microcysts on Breast Ultrasound: What Is an Appropriate Management Recommendation? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Dec; 209(6):W395-W399. Greenwood HI, Lee AY, Lobach IV, Carpentier BM, Freimanis RI, Strachowski LM. PMID: 28929806.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Clinical Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Technique, Indications, and Future Applications. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2018 Feb; 39(1):45-59. Greenwood HI, Freimanis RI, Carpentier BM, Joe BN. PMID: 29317039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Outcomes of ultrasound-guided axillary lymph node sampling in the absence of primary breast cancer. Clin Imaging. 2017 Jul - Aug; 44:92-96. Garcia-Reyes K, Greenwood HI, Price ER. PMID: 28494278.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. In Situ Disease on Breast MRI. Breast Oncology: Techniques, Indications, and Interpretation. 2017 Jan 1; 181-196. Greenwood GH, Joe JB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    39. Achieving Consistent, Homgeneous, Dark Fat Saturation on Bilateral Breast MRI at 3.0 Tesla in the Clinical Setting. OMICS Journal of Radiology. 2016; 5(4):1-4. Greenwood HI, Arasu VA, Desphande VS, Wisner DJ, Laub GA, Hylton NM, Joe BN. View Publication.
    40. Achieving Consistent, Homogeneous, Dark Fat Suppression on Bilateral Breast MRI at 3.0 Tesla in the Clinical Setting. OMICS Journal of Radiology. 2016 Jan 1; 5(4). Greenwood GH, Arasu AV. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    41. Outcome of high-risk lesions at MRI-guided 9-gauge vacuum- assisted breast biopsy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jan; 202(1):237-45. Heller SL, Elias K, Gupta A, Greenwood HI, Mercado CL, Moy L. PMID: 24370150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Ductal carcinoma in situ of the breasts: review of MR imaging features. Radiographics. 2013 Oct; 33(6):1569-88. Greenwood HI, Heller SL, Kim S, Sigmund EE, Shaylor SD, Moy L. PMID: 24108552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Clinical significance of lung nodules reported on abdominal CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 198(4):793-9. Alpert JB, Fantauzzi JP, Melamud K, Greenwood H, Naidich DP, Ko JP. PMID: 22451543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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