Loading...

Michael Callaham, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentEmergency Medicine
AddressLocation Required
Varies CA 00000
Phone415-353-1885
vCardDownload vCard
    Other Positions
    TitleChair, Emergency Medicine
    InstitutionUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentEmergency Medicine


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San Francisco Clinical Fellowship School of Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1970 Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    National Academy of Science2008elected, Institute of Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    For the first part of my career I did various forms of clinical research including pre-hospital controlled trials on topics such as epinephrine doses and mechanical aids in CPR and ACLS. In recent years I have begun to feel that the traditional RCT approach is too narrowly focused and will never keep up, much less catch up, with the vast majority of medical problems whose treatment is not evidence based, or whose evidence is out of date. Because of my editorial and publishing experience, as well as my experiences as an organizer of a number of Peer Review Congresses (Jama and BMJ), my research interests now have turned to trying to better understand the scientific peer review publication process through research into methods of educating peer reviewers, as well as research into bias and its impact on scientific publication. I am still engaged in this area of research because no effective interventions for improving peer review have yet been identified (contrary to the beliefs of many), and the workings (and thus the remediation) of bias due to conflict of interest are unexplored terrain - at least, unexplored by physicians.


    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Schuur JD, Yealy DM, Callaham M. Comparing Freestanding Emergency Departments, Hospital-Based Emergency Departments, and Urgent Care in Texas: Apples, Oranges, or Lemons? Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Sep 19. PMID: 28935277.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Callaham M. Editor in Chief Overview: A Controversy About Freestanding Emergency Departments. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Sep 19. PMID: 28935281.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Callaham M. The Prudent Layperson's Complicated and Uncertain Road to Urgent Care. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Sep 18. PMID: 28935282.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Callaham M. In reply. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jul; 66(1):91. PMID: 26097030.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Winker MA, Ferris LE, Aggarwal R, Barbour V, Callaham M, Cress PE, Habibzadeh F, Jawad F, Kumar R, Laine C, Lang T, McGee G, Momen H, Rohrich RJ, Ruiz Mdel C, Sahni P, Wager E. Promoting Global Health: The World Association of Medical Editors Position on Editors' Responsibility. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2015 07; 6(3):125-7. PMID: 26174989.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Callaham M. Evidence in support of a back-to-basics approach in out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation vs "advanced" treatment. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Feb; 175(2):205-6. PMID: 25420113.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Callaham M. Expert opinion: supplementing the gaps in evidence-based medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jan; 65(1):61-2. PMID: 25529154.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Schriger DL, Callaham M, Barrett TW. Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal Club. Measuring and explaining computed tomography use in the United States and Canada: a consideration of health economics and use versus appropriateness, and interpreting potential conflict of interest: answers to the November 2013 Journal Club questions. Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 63(4):479-89. PMID: 24655448.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Schriger DL, Callaham M, Barrett TW. Measuring and explaining computed tomography use in the United States and Canada: a consideration of health economics, use versus appropriateness, and interpreting potential conflict of interest: November 2013 Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal Club. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Nov; 62(5):545-6. PMID: 24161113.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Houry D, Green S, Callaham M. Does mentoring new peer reviewers improve review quality? A randomized trial. BMC Med Educ. 2012 Aug 28; 12:83. PMID: 22928960; PMCID: PMC3494517.
    11. Wong VS, Callaham M. Medical journal editors lacked familiarity with scientific publication issues despite training and regular exposure. J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Mar; 65(3):247-52. PMID: 22071342.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Lippert S, Callaham M, Lo B. Perceptions of conflict of interest disclosures among peer reviewers. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e26900. PMID: 22073216; PMCID: PMC3206871.
    13. Callaham M. Journal performance report for 2010. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Sep; 58(3):223-4. PMID: 21871231.
      View in: PubMed
    14. O'Connor RE, Sama A, Burton JH, Callaham M, House HR, Jaquis WP, Tibbles PM, Bromley M, Green SM. Procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department: recommendations for physician credentialing, privileging, and practice. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Oct; 58(4):365-70. PMID: 21802778.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Moran GJ, Callaham M. HIV screening in emergency departments. Editors' introduction. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Jul; 58(1 Suppl 1):S2. PMID: 21684402.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Reynolds TA, Callaham M. A survey of past participants in the Annals of Emergency Medicine editorial board fellowship program. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb; 57(2):161-4. PMID: 21251523.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Callaham, M and McCulloch, C. Annals of Emergency Medicine. Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers. 2011.
    18. Callaham M, McCulloch C. Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb; 57(2):141-8. PMID: 21074894.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Green SM, Callaham M. Implementation of a journal peer reviewer stratification system based on quality and reliability. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb; 57(2):149-152.e4. PMID: 20947204.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Callaham M. Journal performance report for 2009. Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Sep; 56(3):A25-6. PMID: 20728768.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Yealy DM, Callaham M. Testing new ideas: is a picture worth a thousand words? Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Sep; 54(3):337-8. PMID: 19695416.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Hunt KA, Colby DC, Grimes B, Bacchetti P, Callaham M. Are the uninsured responsible for the increase in emergency department visits in the United States? Ann Emerg Med. 2008 Aug; 52(2):108-15. PMID: 18407374.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Callaham M, Sahne P, Winker M, Overbeke J, Habibzadeh F, Ferris L. World Association of Medical Editors: support of the Croatian Medical Journal's editorial independence. Croat Med J. 2008 Feb; 49(1):100. PMID: 18293465; PMCID: PMC2269226.
    24. Callaham M. Training of peer reviewers: validation of a 5-point rating scale. PLoS Med. 2007 Apr; 4(4):e166. PMID: 17456001; PMCID: PMC1876423.
    25. Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L. Peer Review: Consensus and Contradiction, a Qualitative Approach. 2007.
    26. Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L.(2007). . A normative model of peer review: qualitative assessment of manuscript reviewers’ attitudes towards peer review. 2007.
    27. Callaham M, Tercier J. The relationship of previous training and experience of journal peer reviewers to subsequent review quality. PLoS Med. 2007 Jan; 4(1):e40. PMID: 17411314; PMCID: PMC1796627.
    28. Hunt KA, Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Colby DC, Callaham M. Characteristics of frequent users of emergency departments. Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Jul; 48(1):1-8. PMID: 16781914.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Hunt KA, Colby DC, Callaham M. Does lack of a usual source of care or health insurance increase the likelihood of an emergency department visit? Results of a national population-based study. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Jan; 45(1):4-12. PMID: 15635299.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Callaham M. Journal updates for 2005. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Jan; 45(1):2-3. PMID: 15635298.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Callaham M. Journal policy on ethics in scientific publication. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Jan; 41(1):82-9. PMID: 12514687.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Weber EJ, Silverman RA, Callaham M, Pollack CV, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA. A prospective multicenter study of factors associated with hospital admission among adults with acute asthma. Am J Med. 2002 Oct 01; 113(5):371-8. PMID: 12401531.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Callaham M, Schriger DL. Effect of structured workshop training on subsequent performance of journal peer reviewers. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Sep; 40(3):323-8. PMID: 12192358.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Callaham M. Research into peer review and scientific publication: journals look in the mirror. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Sep; 40(3):313-6. PMID: 12192356.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K. Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2002 Aug 10; 325(7359):299. PMID: 12169503; PMCID: PMC117762.
    36. Callaham M, Wears RL, Weber E. Journal prestige, publication bias, and other characteristics associated with citation of published studies in peer-reviewed journals. JAMA. 2002 Jun 05; 287(21):2847-50. PMID: 12038930.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Weber EJ, Katz PP, Waeckerle JF, Callaham M. Author perception of peer review: impact of review quality and acceptance on satisfaction. JAMA. 2002 Jun 05; 287(21):2790-3. PMID: 12038913.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Callaham M, Knopp RK, Gallagher EJ. Effect of written feedback by editors on quality of reviews: two randomized trials. JAMA. 2002 Jun 05; 287(21):2781-3. PMID: 12038910.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Callaham M, Weber E, Wears R. Citation characteristics of research published in Emergency Medicine versus other scientific journals. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Nov; 38(5):513-7. PMID: 11679862.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Ornato JP, Callaham M. International Guidelines 2000: the story and the science. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Apr; 37(4 Suppl):S3-4. PMID: 11290964.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Callaham M, Waeckerle JF. Deciphering the authorship code. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Apr; 37(4):386-8. PMID: 11275829.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Isaacs E, Callaham M. Ability of laypersons to estimate short time intervals in cardiac arrest. Ann Emerg Med. 2000 Feb; 35(2):147-54. PMID: 10650232.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Callaham M. Active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation. N Engl J Med. 1999 Dec 02; 341(23):1770-1. PMID: 10580080.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Callaham M, Wears RL, Waeckerle JF. Effect of attendance at a training session on peer reviewer quality and performance. Ann Emerg Med. 1998 Sep; 32(3 Pt 1):318-22. PMID: 9737493.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Baxt WG, Waeckerle JF, Berlin JA, Callaham M. Who reviews the reviewers? Feasibility of using a fictitious manuscript to evaluate peer reviewer performance. Ann Emerg Med. 1998 Sep; 32(3 Pt 1):310-7. PMID: 9737492.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Cho MK, Justice AC, Winker MA, Berlin JA, Waeckerle JF, Callaham M, Rennie D. Masking author identity in peer review: what factors influence masking success? PEER Investigators. JAMA. 1998 Jul 15; 280(3):243-5. PMID: 9676669.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Callaham M, Baxt WG, Waeckerle JF, Wears RL. Reliability of editors' subjective quality ratings of peer reviews of manuscripts. JAMA. 1998 Jul 15; 280(3):229-31. PMID: 9676664.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Weber EJ, Callaham M, Wears RL, Barton C, Young G. Unpublished research from a medical specialty meeting: why investigators fail to publish. JAMA. 1998 Jul 15; 280(3):257-9. PMID: 9676674.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Callaham M, Wears RL, Weber EJ, Barton C, Young G. Positive-outcome bias and other limitations in the outcome of research abstracts submitted to a scientific meeting. JAMA. 1998 Jul 15; 280(3):254-7. PMID: 9676673.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Callaham M, Weber E, Young G, Wears R, Barton C. Time to publication of studies was not affected by whether results were positive. BMJ. 1998 May 16; 316(7143):1536. PMID: 9582160; PMCID: PMC1113175.
    51. Waeckerle JF, Callaham M, Levene M. State of the Journal. Ann Emerg Med. 1998 Jan; 31(1):1-2. PMID: 28140005.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Callaham M. Panic disorders, hyperventilation, and the dreaded brown paper bag. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Dec; 30(6):838. PMID: 9398791.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Callaham M. Quantifying the scanty science of prehospital emergency care. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Dec; 30(6):785-90. PMID: 9398774.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Hsu JW, Madsen CD, Callaham M. Quality-of-life and formal functional testing of survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest correlates poorly with traditional neurologic outcome scales. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Dec; 28(6):597-605. PMID: 8953946.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Callaham M, Waeckerle JF. Medical journals and the science of peer review: raising the standard. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Jul; 28(1):75-7. PMID: 8669742.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Callaham M, Madsen CD. Relationship of timeliness of paramedic advanced life support interventions to outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated by first responders with defibrillators. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 May; 27(5):638-48. PMID: 8629787.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Schwab TM, Callaham M, Madsen CD, Utecht TA. A randomized clinical trial of active compression-decompression CPR vs standard CPR in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in two cities. JAMA. 1995 Apr 26; 273(16):1261-8. PMID: 7715038.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Lurie KG, Shultz JJ, Callaham M, Schwab TM, Gisch T, Rector T, Frascone RJ, Long L. Evaluation of active compression-decompression CPR in victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 1994 May 11; 271(18):1405-11. PMID: 8176802.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Callaham M, Braun O, Valentine W, Clark DM, Zegans C. Prehospital cardiac arrest treated by urban first-responders: profile of patient response and prediction of outcome by ventricular fibrillation waveform. Ann Emerg Med. 1993 Nov; 22(11):1664-77. PMID: 8214855.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Redberg RF, Tucker KJ, Cohen TJ, Dutton JP, Callaham M, Schiller NB. Physiology of blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. A transesophageal echocardiographic study. Circulation. 1993 Aug; 88(2):534-42. PMID: 8339415.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Callaham M, Madsen CD, Barton CW, Saunders CE, Pointer J. A randomized clinical trial of high-dose epinephrine and norepinephrine vs standard-dose epinephrine in prehospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 1992 Nov 18; 268(19):2667-72. PMID: 1433686.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Cohen TJ, Tucker KJ, Redberg RF, Lurie KG, Chin MC, Dutton JP, Scheinman MM, Schiller NB, Callaham M. Active compression-decompression resuscitation: a novel method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Am Heart J. 1992 Nov; 124(5):1145-50. PMID: 1442479.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Callaham M, Barton C, Matthay M. Effect of epinephrine on the ability of end-tidal carbon dioxide readings to predict initial resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Crit Care Med. 1992 Mar; 20(3):337-43. PMID: 1541094.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Barton C, Callaham M. High-dose epinephrine improves the return of spontaneous circulation rates in human victims of cardiac arrest. Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Jul; 20(7):722-5. PMID: 2064091.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Callaham M, Barton CW, Kayser S. Potential complications of high-dose epinephrine therapy in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest. JAMA. 1991 Mar 06; 265(9):1117-22. PMID: 1995996.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Barton C, Callaham M. Lack of correlation between end-tidal carbon dioxide concentrations and Paco2 in cardiac arrest. Crit Care Med. 1991 Jan; 19(1):108-10. PMID: 1898874.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Lammers RL, Fourré M, Callaham M, Boone T. Effect of povidone-iodine and saline soaking on bacterial counts in acute, traumatic, contaminated wounds. Ann Emerg Med. 1990 Jun; 19(6):709-14. PMID: 2344090.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Callaham M. High-dose epinephrine therapy and other advances in treating cardiac arrest. West J Med. 1990 Jun; 152(6):697-703. PMID: 2191503; PMCID: PMC1002429.
    69. Callaham M, Barton C. Prediction of outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation from end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration. Crit Care Med. 1990 Apr; 18(4):358-62. PMID: 2108000.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Callaham M. Measuring exhaled carbon dioxide in cardiac arrest. West J Med. 1989 Jul; 151(1):64-5. PMID: 18750605.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Callaham M. Hypoxic hazards of traditional paper bag rebreathing in hyperventilating patients. Ann Emerg Med. 1989 Jun; 18(6):622-8. PMID: 2499228.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Callaham M. Controversies in antibiotic choices for bite wounds. Ann Emerg Med. 1988 Dec; 17(12):1321-30. PMID: 3057949.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Callaham M, Schumaker H, Pentel P. Phenytoin prophylaxis of cardiotoxicity in experimental amitriptyline poisoning. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1988 Apr; 245(1):216-20. PMID: 3361443.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Callaham M. Inaccuracy and expense of the leukocyte count in making urgent clinical decisions. Ann Emerg Med. 1986 Jul; 15(7):774-81. PMID: 3089081.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Callaham M, Kassel D. Epidemiology of fatal tricyclic antidepressant ingestion: implications for management. Ann Emerg Med. 1985 Jan; 14(1):1-9. PMID: 3964996.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Callaham M. Admission criteria for tricyclic antidepressant ingestion. West J Med. 1982 Nov; 137(5):425-9. PMID: 7179959; PMCID: PMC1274174.
    77. Callaham M. Dog bite wounds. JAMA. 1980 Nov 21; 244(20):2327-8. PMID: 7001059.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Callaham M. Prophylactic antibiotics in common dog bite wounds: a controlled study. Ann Emerg Med. 1980 Aug; 9(8):410-4. PMID: 6902630.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Callaham M. Tricyclic antidepressant overdose. JACEP. 1979 Oct; 8(10):413-25. PMID: 385953.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Callaham M. Treatment of common dog bites: infection risk factors. JACEP. 1978 Mar; 7(3):83-7. PMID: 633680.
      View in: PubMed
    Michael's Networks
    Concepts
    Derived automatically from this person's publications.
    _
    Co-Authors
    People in Profiles who have published with this person.
    _
    Related Authors
    People who share related concepts with this person.
    _
    Back to TOP