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Steve Cummings, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentMedicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-6088
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency School of Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1976 School of Medicine

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Comprehensive Evaluation of Aging-Related Clinical Outcomes and Geroproteins
    NIH/NIA R01AG052964Jun 1, 2016 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Integrative Resource to Develop Translational Strategies to Promote Longevity
    NIH/NIA U24AG051129Sep 15, 2015 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The NO Fracture Planning Grant
    NIH U34AR066566Aug 25, 2014 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Study of Energy and Aging
    NIH RC2AG036594Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Women's Health Initiative - Endogenous Estradiol &Effects of Estrogen Therapy
    NIH N01WH74312Jan 15, 2007 - Jan 14, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Folic Acid and B Vitamins to Prevent Fracture in Women
    NIH R01AR052817Sep 15, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A CONSORTIUM TO STUDY THE GENETICS OF LONGEVITY
    NIH U19AG023122Dec 1, 2003 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    WHI Sex Hormone &Genetic Risk Factors for Hip Fracture
    NIH R01AR048919Sep 24, 2003 - Mar 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A CONSORTIUM TO INVESTIGATE HUMAN LONGEVITY AND FRAILTY
    NIH R01AG018717Sep 30, 2000 - Jun 30, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF-KAISER WOMEN'S HEALTH INTERDISCIPLINARY SCHOLARSHIP
    NIH/NIAMS K12AR047659Sep 20, 2000 - Aug 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) - San Francisco Coordinating Center
    NIH U01AR066160Sep 30, 1999 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Osteoporotic Fractures in Men
    NIH U01AG018197Sep 30, 1999 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HEALTH ABC--COORDINATING UNIT /California/-260062106
    NIH N01AG062106Mar 29, 1996 - Jun 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Research Training in Geriatric Medicine
    NIH/NIA T32AG000212Sep 1, 1991 - Apr 30, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Study of Osteoporotic Fractures
    NIH/NIA R01AG005407Feb 1, 1986 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RESIDENCY TRAINING IN GIM AND/OR GP
    NIH D28PE019179Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Kristjansdottir HL, Lewerin C, Lerner UH, Waern E, Johansson H, Sundh D, Karlsson M, Cummings S, Zetterberg H, Lorentzon M, Ohlsson C, Mellström D. High Serum Serotonin Predicts Increased Risk for Hip Fracture and Nonvertebral Osteoporotic Fractures: The MrOS Sweden Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 May 11. PMID: 29750841.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Duarte S, Hoang T, Ewing SK, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bauer DC, Hillier TA, Yaffe K. Glycated peptide levels are associated with cognitive decline among non-diabetic older women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2018 May 07. PMID: 29741593.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kerlikowske K, Scott CG, Mahmoudzadeh AP, Ma L, Winham S, Jensen MR, Wu FF, Malkov S, Pankratz VS, Cummings S, Shepherd JA, Brandt KR, Miglioretti DL, Vachon CM. Automated and Clinical Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System Density Measures Predict Risk of Screen-Detected and Interval Cancers. Ann Intern Med. 2018 May 01. PMID: 29710124.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Buehring B, Hansen KE, Lewis BL, Cummings S, Lane NE, Binkley N, Ensrud KE, Cawthon PM. Dysmobility Syndrome Independently Increases Fracture Risk in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Prospective Cohort Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Apr 27. PMID: 29701911.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ensrud KE, Kats AM, Schousboe JT, Taylor BC, Cawthon PM, Hillier TA, Yaffe K, Cummings S, Cauley JA, Langsetmo L. Frailty Phenotype and Healthcare Costs and Utilization in Older Women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Apr 23. PMID: 29684237.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Zeitzer JM, Blackwell T, Hoffman AR, Cummings S, Ancoli-Israel S, Stone K. Daily Patterns of Accelerometer Activity Predict Changes in Sleep, Cognition, and Mortality in Older Men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2018 Apr 17; 73(5):682-687. PMID: 28158467.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Jotwani V, Katz R, Ix JH, Gutiérrez OM, Bennett M, Parikh CR, Cummings S, Sarnak MJ, Shlipak MG. Urinary Biomarkers of Kidney Tubular Damage and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Elders. Am J Kidney Dis. 2018 Mar 27. PMID: 29602632.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Yusuf AA, Cummings S, Watts NB, Feudjo MT, Sprafka JM, Zhou J, Guo H, Balasubramanian A, Cooper C. Real-world effectiveness of osteoporosis therapies for fracture reduction in post-menopausal women. Arch Osteoporos. 2018 Mar 21; 13(1):33. PMID: 29564735.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ward ME, Gelfand JM, Lui LY, Ou Y, Green AJ, Stone K, Pedula KL, Cummings S, Yaffe K. Reduced contrast sensitivity among older women is associated with increased risk of cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2018 Mar 08. PMID: 29518257.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rice MS, Tamimi RM, Bertrand KA, Scott CG, Jensen MR, Norman AD, Visscher DW, Chen YY, Brandt KR, Couch FJ, Shepherd JA, Fan B, Wu FF, Ma L, Collins LC, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K, Vachon CM. Does mammographic density mediate risk factor associations with breast cancer? An analysis by tumor characteristics. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Mar 03. PMID: 29502324.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Cummings S, Ferrari S, Brown JP, Wang AT. Response to Dr Lamy and Dr Gonzalez-Rodriguez. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Mar; 33(3):548. PMID: 29419889.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Orwoll ES, Wiedrick J, Jacobs J, Baker ES, Piehowski P, Petyuk V, Gao Y, Shi T, Smith RD, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Nielson CM, Lapidus J. High-throughput serum proteomics for the identification of protein biomarkers of mortality in older men. Aging Cell. 2018 Apr; 17(2). PMID: 29399943.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Bonham LW, Evans DS, Liu Y, Cummings S, Yaffe K, Yokoyama JS. Neurotransmitter Pathway Genes in Cognitive Decline During Aging: Evidence for GNG4 and KCNQ2 Genes. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2018 May; 33(3):153-165. PMID: 29338302.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Cummings S, Eastell R. A History of Pivotal Advances in Clinical Research into Bone and Mineral Diseases. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Jan; 33(1):5-12. PMID: 29329487.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Stone KL, Lui LY, Christen WG, Troen AM, Bauer DC, Kado D, Schambach C, Cummings S, Manson JE. Effect of Combination Folic Acid, Vitamin B6 , and Vitamin B12 Supplementation on Fracture Risk in Women: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Dec; 32(12):2331-2338. PMID: 29244251.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Cummings S, Ferrari S, Eastell R, Gilchrist N, Jensen JB, McClung M, Roux C, Törring O, Valter I, Wang AT, Brown JP. Vertebral Fractures After Discontinuation of Denosumab: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Randomized Placebo-Controlled FREEDOM Trial and Its Extension. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Feb; 33(2):190-198. PMID: 29105841.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Gourlay ML, Ritter VS, Fine JP, Overman RA, Schousboe JT, Cawthon PM, Orwoll ES, Nguyen TV, Lane NE, Cummings S, Kado DM, Lapidus JA, Diem SJ, Ensrud KE. Correction to: Comparison of fracture risk assessment tools in older men without prior hip or spine fracture: the MrOS study. Arch Osteoporos. 2017 Nov 07; 12(1):99. PMID: 29116457.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Zillikens MC, Demissie S, Hsu YH, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Chou WC, Stolk L, Livshits G, Broer L, Johnson T, Koller DL, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Malkin I, Ried JS, Smith AV, Thorleifsson G, Vandenput L, Hua Zhao J, Zhang W, Aghdassi A, Åkesson K, Amin N, Baier LJ, Barroso I, Bennett DA, Bertram L, Biffar R, Bochud M, Boehnke M, Borecki IB, Buchman AS, Byberg L, Campbell H, Campos Obanda N, Cauley JA, Cawthon PM, Cederberg H, Chen Z, Cho NH, Jin Choi H, Claussnitzer M, Collins F, Cummings S, De Jager PL, Demuth I, Dhonukshe-Rutten RAM, Diatchenko L, Eiriksdottir G, Enneman AW, Erdos M, Eriksson JG, Eriksson J, Estrada K, Evans DS, Feitosa MF, Fu M, Garcia M, Gieger C, Girke T, Glazer NL, Grallert H, Grewal J, Han BG, Hanson RL, Hayward C, Hofman A, Hoffman EP, Homuth G, Hsueh WC, Hubal MJ, Hubbard A, Huffman KM, Husted LB, Illig T, Ingelsson E, Ittermann T, Jansson JO, Jordan JM, Jula A, Karlsson M, Khaw KT, Kilpeläinen TO, Klopp N, Kloth JSL, Koistinen HA, Kraus WE, Kritchevsky S, Kuulasmaa T, Kuusisto J, Laakso M, Lahti J, Lang T, Langdahl BL, Launer LJ, Lee JY, Lerch MM, Lewis JR, Lind L, Lindgren C, Liu Y, Liu T, Liu Y, Ljunggren Ö, Lorentzon M, Luben RN, Maixner W, McGuigan FE, Medina-Gomez C, Meitinger T, Melhus H, Mellström D, Melov S, Michaëlsson K, Mitchell BD, Morris AP, Mosekilde L, Newman A, Nielson CM, O'Connell JR, Oostra BA, Orwoll ES, Palotie A, Parker SCJ, Peacock M, Perola M, Peters A, Polasek O, Prince RL, Räikkönen K, Ralston SH, Ripatti S, Robbins JA, Rotter JI, Rudan I, Salomaa V, Satterfield S, Schadt EE, Schipf S, Scott L, Sehmi J, Shen J, Soo Shin C, Sigurdsson G, Smith S, Soranzo N, Stancáková A, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Streeten EA, Styrkarsdottir U, Swart KMA, Tan ST, Tarnopolsky MA, Thompson P, Thomson CA, Thorsteinsdottir U, Tikkanen E, Tranah GJ, Tuomilehto J, van Schoor NM, Verma A, Vollenweider P, Völzke H, Wactawski-Wende J, Walker M, Weedon MN, Welch R, Wichmann HE, Widen E, Williams FMK, Wilson JF, Wright NC, Xie W, Yu L, Zhou Y, Chambers JC, Döring A, van Duijn CM, Econs MJ, Gudnason V, Kooner JS, Psaty BM, Spector TD, Stefansson K, Rivadeneira F, Uitterlinden AG, Wareham NJ, Ossowski V, Waterworth D, Loos RJF, Karasik D, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP. Erratum: Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nat Commun. 2017 Nov 07; 8(1):1414. PMID: 29116125.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Gourlay ML, Ritter VS, Fine JP, Overman RA, Schousboe JT, Cawthon PM, Orwoll ES, Nguyen TV, Lane NE, Cummings S, Kado DM, Lapidus JA, Diem SJ, Ensrud KE. Comparison of fracture risk assessment tools in older men without prior hip or spine fracture: the MrOS study. Arch Osteoporos. 2017 Oct 20; 12(1):91. PMID: 29052793.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Fink HA, Litwack-Harrison S, Ensrud KE, Shen J, Schousboe JT, Cawthon PM, Cauley JA, Lane NE, Taylor BC, Barrett-Connor E, Kado DM, Cummings S, Marshall LM. Association of Incident, Clinically Undiagnosed Radiographic Vertebral Fractures With Follow-Up Back Pain Symptoms in Older Men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Nov; 32(11):2263-2268. PMID: 28880398.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Lang J, Katz R, Ix JH, Gutierrez OM, Peralta CA, Parikh CR, Satterfield S, Petrovic S, Devarajan P, Bennett M, Fried LF, Cummings S, Sarnak MJ, Shlipak MG. Association of serum albumin levels with kidney function decline and incident chronic kidney disease in elders. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28992097.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Kerlikowske K, Ma L, Scott CG, Mahmoudzadeh AP, Jensen MR, Sprague BL, Henderson LM, Pankratz VS, Cummings S, Miglioretti DL, Vachon CM, Shepherd JA. Combining quantitative and qualitative breast density measures to assess breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Res. 2017 Aug 22; 19(1):97. PMID: 28830497.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Shieh Y, Hu D, Ma L, Huntsman S, Gard CC, Leung JWT, Tice JA, Ziv E, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Joint relative risks for estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer from a clinical model, polygenic risk score, and sex hormones. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Nov; 166(2):603-612. PMID: 28791495.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Kent ST, Rosenson RS, Avery CL, Chen YI, Correa A, Cummings S, Cupples LA, Cushman M, Evans DS, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Howard G, Irvin MR, Judd SE, Jukema JW, Lange L, Levitan EB, Li X, Liu Y, Post WS, Postmus I, Psaty BM, Rotter JI, Safford MM, Sitlani CM, Smith AV, Stewart JD, Trompet S, Sun F, Vasan RS, Woolley JM, Whitsel EA, Wiggins KL, Wilson JG, Muntner P. PCSK9 Loss-of-Function Variants, Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Data From 9 Studies of Blacks and Whites. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2017 Aug; 10(4):e001632. PMID: 28768753.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Zillikens MC, Demissie S, Hsu YH, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Chou WC, Stolk L, Livshits G, Broer L, Johnson T, Koller DL, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Malkin I, Ried JS, Smith AV, Thorleifsson G, Vandenput L, Hua Zhao J, Zhang W, Aghdassi A, Åkesson K, Amin N, Baier LJ, Barroso I, Bennett DA, Bertram L, Biffar R, Bochud M, Boehnke M, Borecki IB, Buchman AS, Byberg L, Campbell H, Campos Obanda N, Cauley JA, Cawthon PM, Cederberg H, Chen Z, Cho NH, Jin Choi H, Claussnitzer M, Collins F, Cummings S, De Jager PL, Demuth I, Dhonukshe-Rutten RAM, Diatchenko L, Eiriksdottir G, Enneman AW, Erdos M, Eriksson JG, Eriksson J, Estrada K, Evans DS, Feitosa MF, Fu M, Garcia M, Gieger C, Girke T, Glazer NL, Grallert H, Grewal J, Han BG, Hanson RL, Hayward C, Hofman A, Hoffman EP, Homuth G, Hsueh WC, Hubal MJ, Hubbard A, Huffman KM, Husted LB, Illig T, Ingelsson E, Ittermann T, Jansson JO, Jordan JM, Jula A, Karlsson M, Khaw KT, Kilpeläinen TO, Klopp N, Kloth JSL, Koistinen HA, Kraus WE, Kritchevsky S, Kuulasmaa T, Kuusisto J, Laakso M, Lahti J, Lang T, Langdahl BL, Launer LJ, Lee JY, Lerch MM, Lewis JR, Lind L, Lindgren C, Liu Y, Liu T, Liu Y, Ljunggren Ö, Lorentzon M, Luben RN, Maixner W, McGuigan FE, Medina-Gomez C, Meitinger T, Melhus H, Mellström D, Melov S, Michaëlsson K, Mitchell BD, Morris AP, Mosekilde L, Newman A, Nielson CM, O'Connell JR, Oostra BA, Orwoll ES, Palotie A, Parker SCJ, Peacock M, Perola M, Peters A, Polasek O, Prince RL, Räikkönen K, Ralston SH, Ripatti S, Robbins JA, Rotter JI, Rudan I, Salomaa V, Satterfield S, Schadt EE, Schipf S, Scott L, Sehmi J, Shen J, Soo Shin C, Sigurdsson G, Smith S, Soranzo N, Stancáková A, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Streeten EA, Styrkarsdottir U, Swart KMA, Tan ST, Tarnopolsky MA, Thompson P, Thomson CA, Thorsteinsdottir U, Tikkanen E, Tranah GJ, Tuomilehto J, van Schoor NM, Verma A, Vollenweider P, Völzke H, Wactawski-Wende J, Walker M, Weedon MN, Welch R, Wichmann HE, Widen E, Williams FMK, Wilson JF, Wright NC, Xie W, Yu L, Zhou Y, Chambers JC, Döring A, van Duijn CM, Econs MJ, Gudnason V, Kooner JS, Psaty BM, Spector TD, Stefansson K, Rivadeneira F, Uitterlinden AG, Wareham NJ, Ossowski V, Waterworth D, Loos RJF, Karasik D, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP. Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nat Commun. 2017 Jul 19; 8(1):80. PMID: 28724990.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Black DM, Cauley JA, Wagman R, Ensrud K, Fink HA, Hillier TA, Lui LY, Cummings S, Schousboe JT, Napoli N. The Ability of a Single BMD and Fracture History Assessment to Predict Fracture Over 25 Years in Postmenopausal Women: The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Mar; 33(3):389-395. PMID: 28719727.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cawthon PM, Patel S, Ewing SK, Lui LY, Cauley JA, Lyons JG, Fredman L, Kado DM, Hoffman AR, Lane NE, Ensrud KE, Cummings S, Orwoll ES. Bone Loss at the Hip and Subsequent Mortality in Older Men: The Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. JBMR Plus. 2017 Aug; 1(1):31-35. PMID: 29124252.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Ben-Avraham D, Karasik D, Verghese J, Lunetta KL, Smith JA, Eicher JD, Vered R, Deelen J, Arnold AM, Buchman AS, Tanaka T, Faul JD, Nethander M, Fornage M, Adams HH, Matteini AM, Callisaya ML, Smith AV, Yu L, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Pattie A, Corley J, Launer LJ, Knopman DS, Parimi N, Turner ST, Bandinelli S, Beekman M, Gutman D, Sharvit L, Mooijaart SP, Liewald DC, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Ohlsson C, Moed M, Verlinden VJ, Mellström D, van der Geest JN, Karlsson M, Hernandez D, McWhirter R, Liu Y, Thomson R, Tranah GJ, Uitterlinden AG, Weir DR, Zhao W, Starr JM, Johnson AD, Ikram MA, Bennett DA, Cummings S, Deary IJ, Harris TB, Kardia SLR, Mosley TH, Srikanth VK, Windham BG, Newman AB, Walston JD, Davies G, Evans DS, Slagboom EP, Ferrucci L, Kiel DP, Murabito JM, Atzmon G. Correction: The complex genetics of gait speed: genome-wide meta-analysis approach. Aging (Albany NY). 2017 Jul 07. PMID: 28696945.
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    29. Valderrábano RJ, Lee J, Lui LY, Hoffman AR, Cummings S, Orwoll ES, Wu JY. Older Men With Anemia Have Increased Fracture Risk Independent of Bone Mineral Density. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Jul 01; 102(7):2199-2206. PMID: 28368469.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Yaghjyan L, Tamimi RM, Bertrand KA, Scott CG, Jensen MR, Pankratz VS, Brandt K, Visscher D, Norman A, Couch F, Shepherd J, Fan B, Chen YY, Ma L, Beck AH, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K, Vachon CM. Interaction of mammographic breast density with menopausal status and postmenopausal hormone use in relation to the risk of aggressive breast cancer subtypes. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Sep; 165(2):421-431. PMID: 28624977.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Gelfand AA, Qubty W, Patniyot I, Grimes B, Pletcher MJ, Goadsby PJ, Cummings S. Home-Based Trials in Adolescent Migraine: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Neurol. 2017 Jun 01; 74(6):744-745. PMID: 28437521.
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    32. Bone HG, Wagman RB, Brandi ML, Brown JP, Chapurlat R, Cummings S, Czerwinski E, Fahrleitner-Pammer A, Kendler DL, Lippuner K, Reginster JY, Roux C, Malouf J, Bradley MN, Daizadeh NS, Wang A, Dakin P, Pannacciulli N, Dempster DW, Papapoulos S. 10 years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the phase 3 randomised FREEDOM trial and open-label extension. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017 07; 5(7):513-523. PMID: 28546097.
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    33. Smagula SF, Harrison S, Cauley JA, Ancoli-Israel S, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Stone KL. Determinants of Change in Objectively Assessed Sleep Duration Among Older Men. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 May 15; 185(10):933-940. PMID: 28453606.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Willcox BJ, Morris BJ, Tranah GJ, Chen R, Masaki KH, He Q, Willcox DC, Allsopp RC, Moisyadi S, Gerschenson M, Davy PMC, Poon LW, Rodriguez B, Newman AB, Harris TB, Cummings S, Liu Y, Parimi N, Evans DS, Donlon TA. Longevity-Associated FOXO3 Genotype and its Impact on Coronary Artery Disease Mortality in Japanese, Whites, and Blacks: A Prospective Study of Three American Populations. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 May 01; 72(5):724-728. PMID: 27694344.
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    35. Shepherd JA, Ng BK, Fan B, Schwartz AV, Cawthon P, Cummings S, Kritchevsky S, Nevitt M, Santanasto A, Cootes TF. Modeling the shape and composition of the human body using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry images. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0175857. PMID: 28423041.
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    36. Santanasto AJ, Goodpaster BH, Kritchevsky SB, Miljkovic I, Satterfield S, Schwartz AV, Cummings S, Boudreau RM, Harris TB, Newman AB. Body Composition Remodeling and Mortality: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Apr 01; 72(4):513-519. PMID: 27567109.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Grady C, Cummings S, Rowbotham MC, McConnell MV, Ashley EA, Kang G. Informed Consent. N Engl J Med. 2017 03 02; 376(9):856-867. PMID: 28249147.
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    38. Ziv E, Tice JA, Sprague B, Vachon CM, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Using Breast Cancer Risk Associated Polymorphisms to Identify Women for Breast Cancer Chemoprevention. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0168601. PMID: 28107349.
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    39. Ben-Avraham D, Karasik D, Verghese J, Lunetta KL, Smith JA, Eicher JD, Vered R, Deelen J, Arnold AM, Buchman AS, Tanaka T, Faul JD, Nethander M, Fornage M, Adams HH, Matteini AM, Callisaya ML, Smith AV, Yu L, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Pattie A, Corley J, Launer LJ, Knopman DS, Parimi N, Turner ST, Bandinelli S, Beekman M, Gutman D, Sharvit L, Mooijaart SP, Liewald DC, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Ohlsson C, Moed M, Verlinden VJ, Mellström D, van der Geest JN, Karlsson M, Hernandez D, McWhirter R, Liu Y, Thomson R, Tranah GJ, Uitterlinden AG, Weir DR, Zhao W, Starr JM, Johnson AD, Ikram MA, Bennett DA, Cummings S, Deary IJ, Harris TB, Kardia SL, Mosley TH, Srikanth VK, Windham BG, Newman AB, Walston JD, Davies G, Evans DS, Slagboom EP, Ferrucci L, Kiel DP, Murabito JM, Atzmon G. The complex genetics of gait speed: genome-wide meta-analysis approach. Aging (Albany NY). 2017 Jan 10; 9(1):209-246. PMID: 28077804.
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    40. Huang AJ, Ganz P, Grady D, Cummings S. In Reply. Menopause. 2017 Jan; 24(1):120. PMID: 28002350.
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    41. Kerlikowske K, Gard CC, Tice JA, Ziv E, Cummings S, Miglioretti DL. Risk Factors That Increase Risk of Estrogen Receptor-Positive and -Negative Breast Cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017 05; 109(5). PMID: 28040694.
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    42. Yaffe K, Freimer D, Chen H, Asao K, Rosso A, Rubin S, Tranah G, Cummings S, Simonsick E. Olfaction and risk of dementia in a biracial cohort of older adults. Neurology. 2017 Jan 31; 88(5):456-462. PMID: 28039314.
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    43. Noordam R, Sitlani CM, Avery CL, Stewart JD, Gogarten SM, Wiggins KL, Trompet S, Warren HR, Sun F, Evans DS, Li X, Li J, Smith AV, Bis JC, Brody JA, Busch EL, Caulfield MJ, Chen YI, Cummings S, Cupples LA, Duan Q, Franco OH, Méndez-Giráldez R, Harris TB, Heckbert SR, van Heemst D, Hofman A, Floyd JS, Kors JA, Launer LJ, Li Y, Li-Gao R, Lange LA, Lin HJ, de Mutsert R, Napier MD, Newton-Cheh C, Poulter N, Reiner AP, Rice KM, Roach J, Rodriguez CJ, Rosendaal FR, Sattar N, Sever P, Seyerle AA, Slagboom PE, Soliman EZ, Sotoodehnia N, Stott DJ, Stürmer T, Taylor KD, Thornton TA, Uitterlinden AG, Wilhelmsen KC, Wilson JG, Gudnason V, Jukema JW, Laurie CC, Liu Y, Mook-Kanamori DO, Munroe PB, Rotter JI, Vasan RS, Psaty BM, Stricker BH, Whitsel EA. A genome-wide interaction analysis of tricyclic/tetracyclic antidepressants and RR and QT intervals: a pharmacogenomics study from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium. J Med Genet. 2017 May; 54(5):313-323. PMID: 28039329.
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    44. Cummings S, Cosman F, Lewiecki EM, Schousboe JT, Bauer DC, Black DM, Brown TD, Cheung AM, Cody K, Cooper C, Diez-Perez A, Eastell R, Hadji P, Hosoi T, Jan De Beur S, Kagan R, Kiel DP, Reid IR, Solomon DH, Randall S. Goal-Directed Treatment for Osteoporosis: A Progress Report From the ASBMR-NOF Working Group on Goal-Directed Treatment for Osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Jan; 32(1):3-10. PMID: 27864889.
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    304. Black DM, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Levis S, Quandt SA, Satterfield S, Wallace RB, Bauer DC, Palermo L, Wehren LE, Lombardi A, Santora AC, Cummings S. Effects of continuing or stopping alendronate after 5 years of treatment: the Fracture Intervention Trial Long-term Extension (FLEX): a randomized trial. JAMA. 2006 Dec 27; 296(24):2927-38. PMID: 17190893.
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    305. Cummings S. A 55-year-old woman with osteopenia. JAMA. 2006 Dec 06; 296(21):2601-10. PMID: 17148725.
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    306. Cawthon PM, Harrison SL, Barrett-Connor E, Fink HA, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Orwoll ES, Cummings S. Alcohol intake and its relationship with bone mineral density, falls, and fracture risk in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov; 54(11):1649-57. PMID: 17087690.
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    307. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings S. Endogenous testosterone levels, physical performance, and fall risk in older men. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Oct 23; 166(19):2124-31. PMID: 17060543.
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    309. Cauley JA, Song J, Dowsett SA, Mershon JL, Cummings S. Risk factors for breast cancer in older women: the relative contribution of bone mineral density and other established risk factors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Apr; 102(2):181-8. PMID: 17028986.
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    310. Kanaya AM, Wassel Fyr C, Vittinghoff E, Havel PJ, Cesari M, Nicklas B, Harris T, Newman AB, Satterfield S, Cummings S. Serum adiponectin and coronary heart disease risk in older Black and White Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Dec; 91(12):5044-50. PMID: 16984981.
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    311. Lippman ME, Cummings S, Disch DP, Mershon JL, Dowsett SA, Cauley JA, Martino S. Effect of raloxifene on the incidence of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis categorized by breast cancer risk. Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Sep 01; 12(17):5242-7. PMID: 16951244.
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    312. Lee JS, Ettinger B, Stanczyk FZ, Vittinghoff E, Hanes V, Cauley JA, Chandler W, Settlage J, Beattie MS, Folkerd E, Dowsett M, Grady D, Cummings S. Comparison of methods to measure low serum estradiol levels in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct; 91(10):3791-7. PMID: 16882749.
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    313. Stone KL, Ewing SK, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Ancoli-Israel S, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Cummings S. Self-reported sleep and nap habits and risk of falls and fractures in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug; 54(8):1177-83. PMID: 16913982.
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    314. Bibbins-Domingo K, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Odden MC, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Shlipak MG. Renal function and heart failure risk in older black and white individuals: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jul 10; 166(13):1396-402. PMID: 16832005.
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    315. Zalloua PA, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Azar ST, Wang B, Bouxsein ML, Brain J, Cummings S, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas. 2007 Jan 20; 56(1):1-11. PMID: 16806750.
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    316. McClung MR, Siris E, Cummings S, Bolognese M, Ettinger M, Moffett A, Emkey R, Day W, Somayaji V, Lee A. Prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal women treated with lasofoxifene compared with raloxifene. Menopause. 2006 May-Jun; 13(3):377-86. PMID: 16735934.
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    317. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Clinical comparison of a novel breast DXA technique to mammographic density. Med Phys. 2006 May; 33(5):1490-8. PMID: 16752583.
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    318. Jamal SA, Hamilton CJ, Black D, Cummings S. The effects of organic nitrates on osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN94484747]. Trials. 2006 Apr 26; 7:10. PMID: 16640783; PMCID: PMC1471803.
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    320. Cummings S. LIFT study is discontinued. BMJ. 2006 Mar 18; 332(7542):667. PMID: 16543350; PMCID: PMC1403233.
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    322. Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Gass M, Wallace RB, Robbins J, Lewis CE, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Blanchette P, Bonds DE, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Cauley JA, Chlebowski RT, Cummings S, Granek I, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kotchen JM, Kuller LH, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Limacher MC, Ludlam S, Manson JE, Margolis KL, McGowan J, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wactawski-Wende J, Whitlock E, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Barad D. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):669-83. PMID: 16481635.
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    323. Kado DM, Christianson L, Palermo L, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings S, Greendale GA. Comparing a supine radiologic versus standing clinical measurement of kyphosis in older women: the Fracture Intervention Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Feb 15; 31(4):463-7. PMID: 16481959; PMCID: PMC4964957.
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    325. Beattie MS, Costantino JP, Cummings S, Wickerham DL, Vogel VG, Dowsett M, Folkerd EJ, Willett WC, Wolmark N, Hankinson SE. Endogenous sex hormones, breast cancer risk, and tamoxifen response: an ancillary study in the NSABP Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (P-1). J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Jan 18; 98(2):110-5. PMID: 16418513.
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    326. Hsu YH, Venners SA, Terwedow HA, Feng Y, Niu T, Li Z, Laird N, Brain JD, Cummings S, Bouxsein ML, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Relation of body composition, fat mass, and serum lipids to osteoporotic fractures and bone mineral density in Chinese men and women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jan; 83(1):146-54. PMID: 16400063.
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    327. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Phipps K, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings S. Testosterone and estradiol among older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr; 91(4):1336-44. PMID: 16368750.
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    328. Shlipak MG, Wassel Fyr CL, Chertow GM, Harris TB, Kritchevsky SB, Tylavsky FA, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Newman AB, Fried LF. Cystatin C and mortality risk in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Jan; 17(1):254-61. PMID: 16267155.
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    329. Tice JA, Cummings S, Ziv E, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic breast density and the Gail model for breast cancer risk prediction in a screening population. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Nov; 94(2):115-22. PMID: 16261410.
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    330. Cesari M, Kritchevsky SB, Nicklas BJ, Penninx BW, Holvoet P, Koh-Banerjee P, Cummings S, Harris TB, Newman AB, Pahor M. Lipoprotein peroxidation and mobility limitation: results from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Oct 10; 165(18):2148-54. PMID: 16217006.
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    331. Modugno F, Zmuda JM, Potter D, Cai C, Ziv E, Cummings S, Stone KL, Morin PA, Greene D, Cauley JA. Association of estrogen receptor alpha polymorphisms with breast cancer risk in older Caucasian women. Int J Cancer. 2005 Oct 10; 116(6):984-91. PMID: 15856463.
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    332. Modugno F, Zmuda JM, Potter D, Cai C, Ziv E, Cummings S, Stone KL, Morin PA, Greene D, Cauley JA. Estrogen metabolizing polymorphisms and breast cancer risk among older white women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Oct; 93(3):261-70. PMID: 16142442.
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    333. Orwoll E, Blank JB, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Cummings S, Ensrud K, Lewis C, Cawthon PM, Marcus R, Marshall LM, McGowan J, Phipps K, Sherman S, Stefanick ML, Stone K. Design and baseline characteristics of the osteoporotic fractures in men (MrOS) study--a large observational study of the determinants of fracture in older men. Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 Oct; 26(5):569-85. PMID: 16084776.
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    334. Feng Y, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Chen Cz, Xu X, Niu T, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Wang B, Brain JD, Cummings S, Rosen C, Bouxsein ML, Xu X. Familial aggregation of bone mineral density and bone mineral content in a Chinese population. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):1917-23. PMID: 16163441.
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    335. Felson DT, Cummings S. Aromatase inhibitors and the syndrome of arthralgias with estrogen deprivation. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Sep; 52(9):2594-8. PMID: 16142740.
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    336. Cummings S. Folate plus vitamin B12 reduced hip fractures in patients with poststroke hemiplegia. ACP J Club. 2005 Sep-Oct; 143(2):31. PMID: 16134905.
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    337. Clark P, Lavielle P, Franco-Marina F, Ramírez E, Salmerón J, Kanis JA, Cummings S. Incidence rates and life-time risk of hip fractures in Mexicans over 50 years of age: a population-based study. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):2025-30. PMID: 16133641.
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    338. Tankó LB, Christiansen C, Cox DA, Geiger MJ, McNabb MA, Cummings S. Relationship between osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Nov; 20(11):1912-20. PMID: 16234963.
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    339. Jacobs BP, Bent S, Tice JA, Blackwell T, Cummings S. An internet-based randomized, placebo-controlled trial of kava and valerian for anxiety and insomnia. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005 Jul; 84(4):197-207. PMID: 16010204.
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    340. Siris ES, Harris ST, Eastell R, Zanchetta JR, Goemaere S, Diez-Perez A, Stock JL, Song J, Qu Y, Kulkarni PM, Siddhanti SR, Wong M, Cummings S. Skeletal effects of raloxifene after 8 years: results from the continuing outcomes relevant to Evista (CORE) study. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1514-24. PMID: 16059623.
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    341. Kurella M, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Cummings S, Harris T, Simonsick E, Satterfield S, Ayonayon H, Yaffe K. Chronic kidney disease and cognitive impairment in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Jul; 16(7):2127-33. PMID: 15888561.
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    342. Cauley JA, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Zmuda JM, Stone KL, Hochberg MC, Cummings S. Bone mineral density and the risk of incident nonspinal fractures in black and white women. JAMA. 2005 May 04; 293(17):2102-8. PMID: 15870413.
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    344. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Novel use of single X-ray absorptiometry for measuring breast density. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Apr; 4(2):173-82. PMID: 15773786.
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    345. Yaffe K, Krueger K, Cummings S, Blackwell T, Henderson VW, Sarkar S, Ensrud K, Grady D. Effect of raloxifene on prevention of dementia and cognitive impairment in older women: the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) randomized trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Apr; 162(4):683-90. PMID: 15800139.
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    346. Kerlikowske K, Shepherd J, Creasman J, Tice JA, Ziv E, Cummings S. Are breast density and bone mineral density independent risk factors for breast cancer? J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Mar 02; 97(5):368-74. PMID: 15741573.
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    347. Cummings S. Bone density screening: a new level of evidence? Ann Intern Med. 2005 Feb 01; 142(3):217-9. PMID: 15684212.
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    348. Reiner AP, Ziv E, Lind DL, Nievergelt CM, Schork NJ, Cummings S, Phong A, Burchard EG, Harris TB, Psaty BM, Kwok PY. Population structure, admixture, and aging-related phenotypes in African American adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 Mar; 76(3):463-77. PMID: 15660291; PMCID: PMC1196398.
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    350. Antoniucci DM, Sellmeyer DE, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Schneider JL, Vesco KK, Cummings S, Melton LJ. Postmenopausal bilateral oophorectomy is not associated with increased fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 May; 20(5):741-7. PMID: 15824846.
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    351. Browner WS, Kahn AJ, Ziv E, Reiner AP, Oshima J, Cawthon RM, Hsueh WC, Cummings S. The genetics of human longevity. Am J Med. 2004 Dec 01; 117(11):851-60. PMID: 15589490.
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    352. Ziv E, Tice J, Smith-Bindman R, Shepherd J, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic density and estrogen receptor status of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Dec; 13(12):2090-5. PMID: 15598766.
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    353. Martino S, Cauley JA, Barrett-Connor E, Powles TJ, Mershon J, Disch D, Secrest RJ, Cummings S. Continuing outcomes relevant to Evista: breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal osteoporotic women in a randomized trial of raloxifene. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004 Dec 01; 96(23):1751-61. PMID: 15572757.
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    354. Sim I, Cummings S. Quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Evid Based Cardiovasc Med. 2004 Dec; 8(4):287-90. PMID: 16379955.
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    355. Bouxsein ML, Kaufman J, Tosi L, Cummings S, Lane J, Johnell O. Recommendations for optimal care of the fragility fracture patient to reduce the risk of future fracture. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec; 12(6):385-95. PMID: 15615504.
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    356. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Stone KL, Palermo L, Black DM, Bauer DC, Genant HK, Hochberg MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Cauley JA. Risk factors for a first-incident radiographic vertebral fracture in women > or = 65 years of age: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Jan; 20(1):131-40. PMID: 15619679.
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    357. Grady D, Ettinger B, Moscarelli E, Plouffe L, Sarkar S, Ciaccia A, Cummings S. Safety and adverse effects associated with raloxifene: multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct; 104(4):837-44. PMID: 15458908.
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    358. Wong SY, Lau EM, Lynn H, Leung PC, Woo J, Cummings S, Orwoll E. Depression and bone mineral density: is there a relationship in elderly Asian men? Results from Mr. Os (Hong Kong). Osteoporos Int. 2005 Jun; 16(6):610-5. PMID: 15448988.
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    359. Taylor BC, Schreiner PJ, Stone KL, Fink HA, Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Bowman PJ, Ensrud KE. Long-term prediction of incident hip fracture risk in elderly white women: study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Sep; 52(9):1479-86. PMID: 15341549.
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    360. Ettinger B, Ensrud KE, Wallace R, Johnson KC, Cummings S, Yankov V, Vittinghoff E, Grady D. Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51. PMID: 15339752.
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    361. Jamal SA, Leiter RE, Bayoumi AM, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Clinical utility of laboratory testing in women with osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2005 May; 16(5):534-40. PMID: 15340801.
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    362. Jamal SA, Cummings S, Hawker GA. Isosorbide mononitrate increases bone formation and decreases bone resorption in postmenopausal women: a randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Sep; 19(9):1512-7. PMID: 15312252.
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    363. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Nevitt MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Joslyn G, Morin P, Cummings S. Association of the G-174C variant in the interleukin-6 promoter region with bone loss and fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1612-8. PMID: 15355555.
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    364. Kanaya AM, Harris T, Goodpaster BH, Tylavsky F, Cummings S. Adipocytokines attenuate the association between visceral adiposity and diabetes in older adults. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jun; 27(6):1375-80. PMID: 15161791.
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    365. Coleman AL, Stone K, Ewing SK, Nevitt M, Cummings S, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Harris EL, Hochberg MC, Mangione CM. Higher risk of multiple falls among elderly women who lose visual acuity. Ophthalmology. 2004 May; 111(5):857-62. PMID: 15121359.
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    366. Stone KL, Bauer DC, Sellmeyer D, Cummings S. Low serum vitamin B-12 levels are associated with increased hip bone loss in older women: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar; 89(3):1217-21. PMID: 15001613.
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    367. Waetjen LE, Brown JS, Modelska K, Blackwell T, Vittinghoff E, Cummings S. Effect of raloxifene on urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Feb; 103(2):261-6. PMID: 14754693.
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    368. Olszynski WP, Shawn Davison K, Adachi JD, Brown JP, Cummings S, Hanley DA, Harris SP, Hodsman AB, Kendler D, McClung MR, Miller PD, Yuen CK. Osteoporosis in men: epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Clin Ther. 2004 Jan; 26(1):15-28. PMID: 14996514.
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    369. Lane NE, Williams EN, Hung YY, Hochberg MC, Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Association of nitrate use with risk of new radiographic features of hip osteoarthritis in elderly white women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Dec 15; 49(6):752-8. PMID: 14673960.
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    370. Ensrud KE, Ewing SK, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bowman PJ, Cummings S. Intentional and unintentional weight loss increase bone loss and hip fracture risk in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec; 51(12):1740-7. PMID: 14687352.
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    371. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Danielson ME, Ljung BM, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Kuller LH. Estrogen metabolites and the risk of breast cancer in older women. Epidemiology. 2003 Nov; 14(6):740-4. PMID: 14569192.
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    372. Stone KL, Seeley DG, Lui LY, Cauley JA, Ensrud K, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. BMD at multiple sites and risk of fracture of multiple types: long-term results from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Nov; 18(11):1947-54. PMID: 14606506.
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    373. Bent S, Xu L, Lui LY, Nevitt M, Schneider E, Tian G, Guo S, Cummings S. A randomized controlled trial of a Chinese herbal remedy to increase energy, memory, sexual function, and quality of life in elderly adults in Beijing, China. Am J Med. 2003 Oct 15; 115(6):441-7. PMID: 14563500.
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    374. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Lui LY, Hillier TA, Ness RB, Stone KL, Cummings S, Bauer DC. Lipid-lowering drug use and breast cancer in older women: a prospective study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):749-56. PMID: 14588125.
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    375. Cauley JA, Robbins J, Chen Z, Cummings S, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, LeBoff M, Lewis CE, McGowan J, Neuner J, Pettinger M, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J, Watts NB. Effects of estrogen plus progestin on risk of fracture and bone mineral density: the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. JAMA. 2003 Oct 01; 290(13):1729-38. PMID: 14519707.
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    376. Sim I, Cummings S. A new framework for describing and quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Med Care. 2003 Aug; 41(8):874-81. PMID: 12886168.
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    377. Tice JA, Ettinger B, Ensrud K, Wallace R, Blackwell T, Cummings S. Phytoestrogen supplements for the treatment of hot flashes: the Isoflavone Clover Extract (ICE) Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 Jul 09; 290(2):207-14. PMID: 12851275.
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    378. Cummings S. Review: parathyroid hormone increases lumbar spine bone mineral density and decreases vertebral fractures in osteoporosis. ACP J Club. 2003 Jul-Aug; 139(1):11. PMID: 12841715.
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    379. Gregg EW, Cauley JA, Stone K, Thompson TJ, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Ensrud KE. Relationship of changes in physical activity and mortality among older women. JAMA. 2003 May 14; 289(18):2379-86. PMID: 12746361.
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    380. Hillier TA, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Nulliparity and fracture risk in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 May; 18(5):893-9. PMID: 12733729.
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    381. Tice JA, Browner W, Tracy RP, Cummings S. The relation of C-reactive protein levels to total and cardiovascular mortality in older U.S. women. Am J Med. 2003 Feb 15; 114(3):199-205. PMID: 12637134.
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    382. Modelska K, Cummings S. Female sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women: systematic review of placebo-controlled trials. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan; 188(1):286-93. PMID: 12548231.
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    383. Prevrhal S, Shepherd JA, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Accuracy of mammographic breast density analysis: results of formal operator training. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002 Nov; 11(11):1389-93. PMID: 12433716.
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    384. Cummings S, Bates D, Black DM. Clinical use of bone densitometry: scientific review. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1889-97. PMID: 12377088.
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    385. Bates DW, Black DM, Cummings S. Clinical use of bone densitometry: clinical applications. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1898-900. PMID: 12377089.
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    386. Schwartz AV, Hillier TA, Sellmeyer DE, Resnick HE, Gregg E, Ensrud KE, Schreiner PJ, Margolis KL, Cauley JA, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cummings S. Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Oct; 25(10):1749-54. PMID: 12351472.
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    387. Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K. Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2002 Aug 10; 325(7359):299. PMID: 12169503; PMCID: PMC117762.
    388. Chlebowski RT, Col N, Winer EP, Collyar DE, Cummings S, Vogel VG, Burstein HJ, Eisen A, Lipkus I, Pfister DG. American Society of Clinical Oncology technology assessment of pharmacologic interventions for breast cancer risk reduction including tamoxifen, raloxifene, and aromatase inhibition. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Aug 01; 20(15):3328-43. PMID: 12149307.
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    389. Nevitt MC, Xu L, Zhang Y, Lui LY, Yu W, Lane NE, Qin M, Hochberg MC, Cummings S, Felson DT. Very low prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among Chinese elderly in Beijing, China, compared with whites in the United States: the Beijing osteoarthritis study. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Jul; 46(7):1773-9. PMID: 12124860.
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    390. Cummings S, Melton LJ. Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures. Lancet. 2002 May 18; 359(9319):1761-7. PMID: 12049882.
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    391. Shepherd JA, Kerlikowske KM, Smith-Bindman R, Genant HK, Cummings S. Measurement of breast density with dual X-ray absorptiometry: feasibility. Radiology. 2002 May; 223(2):554-7. PMID: 11997567.
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    392. Hsu CY, Cummings S, McCulloch CE, Chertow GM. Bone mineral density is not diminished by mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency. Kidney Int. 2002 May; 61(5):1814-20. PMID: 11967032.
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    393. Cummings S, Karpf DB, Harris F, Genant HK, Ensrud K, LaCroix AZ, Black DM. Improvement in spine bone density and reduction in risk of vertebral fractures during treatment with antiresorptive drugs. Am J Med. 2002 Mar; 112(4):281-9. PMID: 11893367.
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    394. Kado DM, Lui LY, Cummings S. Rapid resting heart rate: a simple and powerful predictor of osteoporotic fractures and mortality in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Mar; 50(3):455-60. PMID: 11943040.
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    395. Cummings S, Duong T, Kenyon E, Cauley JA, Whitehead M, Krueger KA. Serum estradiol level and risk of breast cancer during treatment with raloxifene. JAMA. 2002 Jan 09; 287(2):216-20. PMID: 11779264.
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    396. Modelska K, Cummings S. Tibolone for postmenopausal women: systematic review of randomized trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jan; 87(1):16-23. PMID: 11788614.
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    397. Kaufman JD, Cummings S. Osteoporosis and prevention of fractures: practical approaches for orthopaedic surgeons. Instr Course Lect. 2002; 51:559-65. PMID: 12064147.
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