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Steve Cummings, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-6088
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency School of Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1976 School of Medicine

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Comprehensive Evaluation of Aging-Related Clinical Outcomes and Geroproteins
    NIH/NIA R01AG052964Jun 1, 2016 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Integrative Resource to Develop Translational Strategies to Promote Longevity
    NIH U24AG051129Sep 15, 2015 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The NO Fracture Planning Grant
    NIH U34AR066566Aug 25, 2014 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Study of Energy and Aging
    NIH RC2AG036594Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Women's Health Initiative - Endogenous Estradiol &Effects of Estrogen Therapy
    NIH N01WH74312Jan 15, 2007 - Jan 14, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Folic Acid and B Vitamins to Prevent Fracture in Women
    NIH R01AR052817Sep 15, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A CONSORTIUM TO STUDY THE GENETICS OF LONGEVITY
    NIH U19AG023122Dec 1, 2003 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    WHI Sex Hormone &Genetic Risk Factors for Hip Fracture
    NIH R01AR048919Sep 24, 2003 - Mar 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A CONSORTIUM TO INVESTIGATE HUMAN LONGEVITY AND FRAILTY
    NIH R01AG018717Sep 30, 2000 - Jun 30, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF-KAISER WOMEN'S HEALTH INTERDISCIPLINARY SCHOLARSHIP
    NIH/NIAMS K12AR047659Sep 20, 2000 - Aug 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) - San Francisco Coordinating Center
    NIH U01AR066160Sep 30, 1999 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Osteoporotic Fractures in Men
    NIH U01AG018197Sep 30, 1999 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HEALTH ABC--COORDINATING UNIT /California/-260062106
    NIH N01AG062106Mar 29, 1996 - Jun 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Research Training in Geriatric Medicine
    NIH/NIA T32AG000212Sep 1, 1991 - Apr 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Study of Osteoporotic Fractures
    NIH/NIA R01AG005407Feb 1, 1986 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RESIDENCY TRAINING IN GIM AND/OR GP
    NIH D28PE019179Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Kerlikowske K, Ma L, Scott CG, Mahmoudzadeh AP, Jensen MR, Sprague BL, Henderson LM, Pankratz VS, Cummings S, Miglioretti DL, Vachon CM, Shepherd JA. Combining quantitative and qualitative breast density measures to assess breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Res. 2017 Aug 22; 19(1):97. PMID: 28830497.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Shieh Y, Hu D, Ma L, Huntsman S, Gard CC, Leung JWT, Tice JA, Ziv E, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Joint relative risks for estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer from a clinical model, polygenic risk score, and sex hormones. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Aug 08. PMID: 28791495.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kent ST, Rosenson RS, Avery CL, Chen YI, Correa A, Cummings S, Cupples LA, Cushman M, Evans DS, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Howard G, Irvin MR, Judd SE, Jukema JW, Lange L, Levitan EB, Li X, Liu Y, Post WS, Postmus I, Psaty BM, Rotter JI, Safford MM, Sitlani CM, Smith AV, Stewart JD, Trompet S, Sun F, Vasan RS, Woolley JM, Whitsel EA, Wiggins KL, Wilson JG, Muntner P. PCSK9 Loss-of-Function Variants, Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Data From 9 Studies of Blacks and Whites. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2017 Aug; 10(4):e001632. PMID: 28768753.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Zillikens MC, Demissie S, Hsu YH, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Chou WC, Stolk L, Livshits G, Broer L, Johnson T, Koller DL, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Malkin I, Ried JS, Smith AV, Thorleifsson G, Vandenput L, Hua Zhao J, Zhang W, Aghdassi A, Åkesson K, Amin N, Baier LJ, Barroso I, Bennett DA, Bertram L, Biffar R, Bochud M, Boehnke M, Borecki IB, Buchman AS, Byberg L, Campbell H, Campos Obanda N, Cauley JA, Cawthon PM, Cederberg H, Chen Z, Cho NH, Jin Choi H, Claussnitzer M, Collins F, Cummings S, De Jager PL, Demuth I, Dhonukshe-Rutten RAM, Diatchenko L, Eiriksdottir G, Enneman AW, Erdos M, Eriksson JG, Eriksson J, Estrada K, Evans DS, Feitosa MF, Fu M, Garcia M, Gieger C, Girke T, Glazer NL, Grallert H, Grewal J, Han BG, Hanson RL, Hayward C, Hofman A, Hoffman EP, Homuth G, Hsueh WC, Hubal MJ, Hubbard A, Huffman KM, Husted LB, Illig T, Ingelsson E, Ittermann T, Jansson JO, Jordan JM, Jula A, Karlsson M, Khaw KT, Kilpeläinen TO, Klopp N, Kloth JSL, Koistinen HA, Kraus WE, Kritchevsky S, Kuulasmaa T, Kuusisto J, Laakso M, Lahti J, Lang T, Langdahl BL, Launer LJ, Lee JY, Lerch MM, Lewis JR, Lind L, Lindgren C, Liu Y, Liu T, Liu Y, Ljunggren Ö, Lorentzon M, Luben RN, Maixner W, McGuigan FE, Medina-Gomez C, Meitinger T, Melhus H, Mellström D, Melov S, Michaëlsson K, Mitchell BD, Morris AP, Mosekilde L, Newman A, Nielson CM, O'Connell JR, Oostra BA, Orwoll ES, Palotie A, Parker S, Peacock M, Perola M, Peters A, Polasek O, Prince RL, Räikkönen K, Ralston SH, Ripatti S, Robbins JA, Rotter JI, Rudan I, Salomaa V, Satterfield S, Schadt EE, Schipf S, Scott L, Sehmi J, Shen J, Soo Shin C, Sigurdsson G, Smith S, Soranzo N, Stančáková A, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Streeten EA, Styrkarsdottir U, Swart KMA, Tan ST, Tarnopolsky MA, Thompson P, Thomson CA, Thorsteinsdottir U, Tikkanen E, Tranah GJ, Tuomilehto J, van Schoor NM, Verma A, Vollenweider P, Völzke H, Wactawski-Wende J, Walker M, Weedon MN, Welch R, Wichman HE, Widen E, Williams FMK, Wilson JF, Wright NC, Xie W, Yu L, Zhou Y, Chambers JC, Döring A, van Duijn CM, Econs MJ, Gudnason V, Kooner JS, Psaty BM, Spector TD, Stefansson K, Rivadeneira F, Uitterlinden AG, Wareham NJ, Ossowski V, Waterworth D, Loos RJF, Karasik D, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP. Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nat Commun. 2017 Jul 19; 8(1):80. PMID: 28724990.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Seyerle AA, Sitlani CM, Noordam R, Gogarten SM, Li J, Li X, Evans DS, Sun F, Laaksonen MA, Isaacs A, Kristiansson K, Highland HM, Stewart JD, Harris TB, Trompet S, Bis JC, Peloso GM, Brody JA, Broer L, Busch EL, Duan Q, Stilp AM, O'Donnell CJ, Macfarlane PW, Floyd JS, Kors JA, Lin HJ, Li-Gao R, Sofer T, Méndez-Giráldez R, Cummings S, Heckbert SR, Hofman A, Ford I, Li Y, Launer LJ, Porthan K, Newton-Cheh C, Napier MD, Kerr KF, Reiner AP, Rice KM, Roach J, Buckley BM, Soliman EZ, de Mutsert R, Sotoodehnia N, Uitterlinden AG, North KE, Lee CR, Gudnason V, Stürmer T, Rosendaal FR, Taylor KD, Wiggins KL, Wilson JG, Chen YD, Kaplan RC, Wilhelmsen K, Cupples LA, Salomaa V, van Duijn C, Jukema JW, Liu Y, Mook-Kanamori DO, Lange LA, Vasan RS, Smith AV, Stricker BH, Laurie CC, Rotter JI, Whitsel EA, Psaty BM, Avery CL. Pharmacogenomics study of thiazide diuretics and QT interval in multi-ethnic populations: the cohorts for heart and aging research in genomic epidemiology. Pharmacogenomics J. 2017 Jul 18. PMID: 28719597.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Black DM, Cauley JA, Wagman R, Ensrud K, Fink HA, Hillier TA, Lui LY, Cummings S, Schousboe JT, Napoli N. The Ability of a Single BMD and Fracture History Assessment to Predict Fracture Over 25 Years in Postmenopausal Women: The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Jul 18. PMID: 28719727.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Ben-Avraham D, Karasik D, Verghese J, Lunetta KL, Smith JA, Eicher JD, Vered R, Deelen J, Arnold AM, Buchman AS, Tanaka T, Faul JD, Nethander M, Fornage M, Adams HH, Matteini AM, Callisaya ML, Smith AV, Yu L, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Pattie A, Corley J, Launer LJ, Knopman DS, Parimi N, Turner ST, Bandinelli S, Beekman M, Gutman D, Sharvit L, Mooijaart SP, Liewald DC, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Ohlsson C, Moed M, Verlinden VJ, Mellström D, van der Geest JN, Karlsson M, Hernandez D, McWhirter R, Liu Y, Thomson R, Tranah GJ, Uitterlinden AG, Weir DR, Zhao W, Starr JM, Johnson AD, Ikram MA, Bennett DA, Cummings S, Deary IJ, Harris TB, Kardia SLR, Mosley TH, Srikanth VK, Windham BG, Newman AB, Walston JD, Davies G, Evans DS, Slagboom EP, Ferrucci L, Kiel DP, Murabito JM, Atzmon G. Correction: The complex genetics of gait speed: genome-wide meta-analysis approach. Aging (Albany NY). 2017 Jul 07. PMID: 28696945.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Valderrábano RJ, Lee J, Lui LY, Hoffman AR, Cummings S, Orwoll ES, Wu JY. Older Men With Anemia Have Increased Fracture Risk Independent of Bone Mineral Density. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Jul 01; 102(7):2199-2206. PMID: 28368469.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Gelfand AA, Qubty W, Patniyot I, Grimes B, Pletcher MJ, Goadsby PJ, Cummings S. Home-Based Trials in Adolescent Migraine: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Neurol. 2017 Jun 01; 74(6):744-745. PMID: 28437521.
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    10. Cui L, Chen L, Xia W, Jiang Y, Cui L, Huang W, Wang W, Wang X, Pei Y, Zheng X, Wang Q, Ning Z, Li M, Wang O, Xing X, Lin Q, Yu W, Weng X, Xu L, Cummings S. Vertebral fracture in postmenopausal Chinese women: a population-based study. Osteoporos Int. 2017 May 30. PMID: 28560474.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bone HG, Wagman RB, Brandi ML, Brown JP, Chapurlat R, Cummings S, Czerwinski E, Fahrleitner-Pammer A, Kendler DL, Lippuner K, Reginster JY, Roux C, Malouf J, Bradley MN, Daizadeh NS, Wang A, Dakin P, Pannacciulli N, Dempster DW, Papapoulos S. 10 years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the phase 3 randomised FREEDOM trial and open-label extension. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017 Jul; 5(7):513-523. PMID: 28546097.
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    12. Willcox BJ, Morris BJ, Tranah GJ, Chen R, Masaki KH, He Q, Willcox DC, Allsopp RC, Moisyadi S, Gerschenson M, Davy PM, Poon LW, Rodriguez B, Newman AB, Harris TB, Cummings S, Liu Y, Parimi N, Evans DS, Donlon TA. Longevity-Associated FOXO3 Genotype and its Impact on Coronary Artery Disease Mortality in Japanese, Whites, and Blacks: A Prospective Study of Three American Populations. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 May 01; 72(5):724-728. PMID: 27694344.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Santanasto AJ, Goodpaster BH, Kritchevsky SB, Miljkovic I, Satterfield S, Schwartz AV, Cummings S, Boudreau RM, Harris TB, Newman AB. Body Composition Remodeling and Mortality: The Health Aging and Body Composition Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Apr 01; 72(4):513-519. PMID: 27567109.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Grady C, Cummings S, Rowbotham MC, McConnell MV, Ashley EA, Kang G. Informed Consent. N Engl J Med. 2017 03 02; 376(9):856-867. PMID: 28249147.
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    15. Zeitzer JM, Blackwell T, Hoffman AR, Cummings S, Ancoli-Israel S, Stone K. Daily Patterns of Accelerometer Activity Predict Changes in Sleep, Cognition, and Mortality in Older Men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Feb 03. PMID: 28158467.
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    16. Ziv E, Tice JA, Sprague B, Vachon CM, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Using Breast Cancer Risk Associated Polymorphisms to Identify Women for Breast Cancer Chemoprevention. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0168601. PMID: 28107349.
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    17. Ben-Avraham D, Karasik D, Verghese J, Lunetta KL, Smith JA, Eicher JA, Vered R, Deelen J, Arnold AM, Buchman AS, Tanaka T, Faul JD, Nethander M, Fornage M, Adams HH, Matteini AM, Callisaya ML, Smith AV, Yu L, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Pattie A, Corley J, Launer LJ, Knopman DS, Parimi N, Turner ST, Bandinelli S, Beekman M, Gutman D, Sharvit L, Mooijaart SP, Liewald DC, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Ohlsson C, Moed M, Verlinden VJ, Mellström D, van der Geest JN, Karlsson M, Hernandez D, McWhirter R, Liu Y, Thomson R, Tranah GJ, Uitterlinden AG, Weir DR, Zhao W, Starr JM, Johnson AD, Ikram MA, Bennett DA, Cummings S, Deary IJ, Harris TB, Kardia SL, Mosley TH, Srikanth VK, Windham BG, Newman AB, Walston JD, Davies G, Evans DS, Slagboom EP, Ferrucci L, Kiel DP, Murabito JM, Atzmon G. The complex genetics of gait speed: genome-wide meta-analysis approach. Aging (Albany NY). 2017 Jan 10; 9(1):209-246. PMID: 28077804.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Huang AJ, Ganz P, Grady D, Cummings S. In Reply. Menopause. 2017 Jan; 24(1):120. PMID: 28002350.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Kerlikowske K, Gard CC, Tice JA, Ziv E, Cummings S, Miglioretti DL. Risk Factors That Increase Risk of Estrogen Receptor-Positive and -Negative Breast Cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017 05; 109(5). PMID: 28040694.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Yaffe K, Freimer D, Chen H, Asao K, Rosso A, Rubin S, Tranah G, Cummings S, Simonsick E. Olfaction and risk of dementia in a biracial cohort of older adults. Neurology. 2017 Jan 31; 88(5):456-462. PMID: 28039314.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Noordam R, Sitlani CM, Avery CL, Stewart JD, Gogarten SM, Wiggins KL, Trompet S, Warren HR, Sun F, Evans DS, Li X, Li J, Smith AV, Bis JC, Brody JA, Busch EL, Caulfield MJ, Chen YI, Cummings S, Cupples LA, Duan Q, Franco OH, Méndez-Giráldez R, Harris TB, Heckbert SR, van Heemst D, Hofman A, Floyd JS, Kors JA, Launer LJ, Li Y, Li-Gao R, Lange LA, Lin HJ, de Mutsert R, Napier MD, Newton-Cheh C, Poulter N, Reiner AP, Rice KM, Roach J, Rodriguez CJ, Rosendaal FR, Sattar N, Sever P, Seyerle AA, Slagboom PE, Soliman EZ, Sotoodehnia N, Stott DJ, Stürmer T, Taylor KD, Thornton TA, Uitterlinden AG, Wilhelmsen KC, Wilson JG, Gudnason V, Jukema JW, Laurie CC, Liu Y, Mook-Kanamori DO, Munroe PB, Rotter JI, Vasan RS, Psaty BM, Stricker BH, Whitsel EA. A genome-wide interaction analysis of tricyclic/tetracyclic antidepressants and RR and QT intervals: a pharmacogenomics study from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium. J Med Genet. 2017 May; 54(5):313-323. PMID: 28039329.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Cummings S, Cosman F, Lewiecki ME, Schousboe JT, Bauer D, Black D, Brown T, Cheung AM, Cody K, Cooper C, Diez-Perez A, Eastell R, Hadji P, Hosoi T, De Beur SJ, Kagan R, Kiel DP, Reid I, Solomon DH, Randall S. Goal-Directed Treatment for Osteoporosis: A Progress Report From the ASBMR-NOF Working Group on Goal-Directed Treatment for Osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Jan; 32(1):3-10. PMID: 27864889.
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    23. LeBlanc ES, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Yaffe K, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Hillier TA. Weight Trajectory over 20 Years and Likelihood of Mild Cognitive Impairment or Dementia Among Older Women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Mar; 65(3):511-519. PMID: 27991654.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Floyd JS, Sitlani CM, Avery CL, Noordam R, Li X, Smith AV, Gogarten SM, Li J, Broer L, Evans DS, Trompet S, Brody JA, Stewart JD, Eicher JD, Seyerle AA, Roach J, Lange LA, Lin HJ, Kors JA, Harris TB, Li-Gao R, Sattar N, Cummings S, Wiggins KL, Napier MD, Stürmer T, Bis JC, Kerr KF, Uitterlinden AG, Taylor KD, Stott DJ, de Mutsert R, Launer LJ, Busch EL, Méndez-Giráldez R, Sotoodehnia N, Soliman EZ, Li Y, Duan Q, Rosendaal FR, Slagboom PE, Wilhelmsen KC, Reiner AP, Chen YD, Heckbert SR, Kaplan RC, Rice KM, Jukema JW, Johnson AD, Liu Y, Mook-Kanamori DO, Gudnason V, Wilson JG, Rotter JI, Laurie CC, Psaty BM, Whitsel EA, Cupples LA, Stricker BH. Large-scale pharmacogenomic study of sulfonylureas and the QT, JT and QRS intervals: CHARGE Pharmacogenomics Working Group. Pharmacogenomics J. 2016 Dec 13. PMID: 27958378.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Suskind AM, Cawthon PM, Nakagawa S, Subak LL, Reinders I, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Cauley JA, Harris T, Huang AJ. Urinary Incontinence in Older Women: The Role of Body Composition and Muscle Strength: From the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Jan; 65(1):42-50. PMID: 27918084.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Huang AJ, Ganz P, Grady D, Cummings S. Letters to the Editor. Menopause. 2016 Dec 05. PMID: 27922942.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cummings S, Eastell R. Risk and Prevention of Fracture in Patients With Major Medical Illnesses: A Mini-Review. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Dec; 31(12):2069-2072. PMID: 27813155.
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    28. Dong J, Wyss A, Yang J, Price TR, Nicolas A, Nalls M, Tranah G, Franceschini N, Xu Z, Schulte C, Alonso A, Cummings S, Fornage M, Zaykin D, Li L, Huang X, Kritchevsky S, Liu Y, Gasser T, Wilson RS, De Jager PL, Singleton AB, Pinto JM, Harris T, Mosley TH, Bennett DA, London S, Yu L, Chen H. Genome-Wide Association Analysis of the Sense of Smell in U.S. Older Adults: Identification of Novel Risk Loci in African-Americans and European-Americans. Mol Neurobiol. 2016 Nov 23. PMID: 27878761.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Valderrábano RJ, Lui LY, Lee J, Cummings S, Orwoll ES, Hoffman AR, Wu JY. Bone Density Loss Is Associated With Blood Cell Counts. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Feb; 32(2):212-220. PMID: 27653240.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Mackey DC, Lui LY, Cawthon PM, Ensrud K, Yaffe K, Cummings S. Life-Space Mobility and Mortality in Older Women: Prospective Results from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Nov; 64(11):2226-2234. PMID: 27696354.
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    31. Eastell R, O'Neill TW, Hofbauer LC, Langdahl B, Reid IR, Gold DT, Cummings S. Postmenopausal osteoporosis. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2016 09 29; 2:16069. PMID: 27681935.
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    32. Nielson CM, Liu CT, Smith AV, Ackert-Bicknell CL, Reppe S, Johanna J, Wassel C, Register TC, Oei L, Alonso Lopez N, Oei EH, Parimi N, Samelson EJ, Nalls MA, Zmuda J, Lang T, Bouxsein M, Latourelle J, Claussnitzer M, Siggeirsdottir K, Srikanth P, Lorentzen E, Vandenput L, Langefeld C, Raffield L, Terry G, Cox AJ, Allison MA, Criqui MH, Bowden D, Ikram MA, Mellström D, Karlsson MK, Carr J, Budoff M, Phillips C, Cupples LA, Chou WC, Myers RH, Ralston SH, Gautvik KM, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Karasik D, Rivadeneira F, Gudnason V, Orwoll ES, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP, Hsu YH, et al. Novel Genetic Variants Associated With Increased Vertebral Volumetric BMD, Reduced Vertebral Fracture Risk, and Increased Expression of SLC1A3 and EPHB2. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Dec; 31(12):2085-2097. PMID: 27476799.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Postmus I, Warren HR, Trompet S, Arsenault BJ, Avery CL, Bis JC, Chasman DI, de Keyser CE, Deshmukh HA, Evans DS, Feng Q, Li X, Smit RA, Smith AV, Sun F, Taylor KD, Arnold AM, Barnes MR, Barratt BJ, Betteridge J, Boekholdt SM, Boerwinkle E, Buckley BM, Chen YI, de Craen AJ, Cummings S, Denny JC, Dubé MP, Durrington PN, Eiriksdottir G, Ford I, Guo X, Harris TB, Heckbert SR, Hofman A, Hovingh GK, Kastelein JJ, Launer LJ, Liu CT, Liu Y, Lumley T, McKeigue PM, Munroe PB, Neil A, Nickerson DA, Nyberg F, O'Brien E, O'Donnell CJ, Post W, Poulter N, Vasan RS, Rice K, Rich SS, Rivadeneira F, Sattar N, Sever P, Shaw-Hawkins S, Shields DC, Slagboom PE, Smith NL, Smith JD, Sotoodehnia N, Stanton A, Stott DJ, Stricker BH, Stürmer T, Uitterlinden AG, Wei WQ, Westendorp RG, Whitsel EA, Wiggins KL, Wilke RA, Ballantyne CM, Colhoun HM, Cupples LA, Franco OH, Gudnason V, Hitman G, Palmer CN, Psaty BM, Ridker PM, Stafford JM, Stein CM, Tardif JC, Caulfield MJ, Jukema JW, Rotter JI, Krauss RM. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins. J Med Genet. 2016 Dec; 53(12):835-845. PMID: 27587472.
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    34. Miller PD, Pannacciulli N, Wagman RB, Cummings S. Response to the Letter: Bone Turnover as a Potential Determinant of Bone Mineral Density Increase Following the Transition From Bisphosphonates to Either Denosumab or Zoledronic Acid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Sep; 101(9):L91-2. PMID: 27600206.
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    35. Evans DS, Avery CL, Nalls MA, Li G, Barnard J, Smith EN, Tanaka T, Butler AM, Buxbaum SG, Alonso A, Arking DE, Berenson GS, Bis JC, Buyske S, Carty CL, Chen W, Chung MK, Cummings S, Deo R, Eaton CB, Fox ER, Heckbert SR, Heiss G, Hindorff LA, Hsueh WC, Isaacs A, Jamshidi Y, Kerr KF, Liu F, Liu Y, Lohman KK, Magnani JW, Maher JF, Mehra R, Meng YA, Musani SK, Newton-Cheh C, North KE, Psaty BM, Redline S, Rotter JI, Schnabel RB, Schork NJ, Shohet RV, Singleton AB, Smith JD, Soliman EZ, Srinivasan SR, Taylor HA, Van Wagoner DR, Wilson JG, Young T, Zhang ZM, Zonderman AB, Evans MK, Ferrucci L, Murray SS, Tranah GJ, Whitsel EA, Reiner AP, Sotoodehnia N. Fine-mapping, novel loci identification, and SNP association transferability in a genome-wide association study of QRS duration in African Americans. Hum Mol Genet. 2016 Aug 29. PMID: 27577874.
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    36. Shieh Y, Hu D, Ma L, Huntsman S, Gard CC, Leung JW, Tice JA, Vachon CM, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K, Ziv E, et al. Breast cancer risk prediction using a clinical risk model and polygenic risk score. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Oct; 159(3):513-25. PMID: 27565998; PMCID: PMC5033764 [Available on 10/01/17].
    37. Chalhoub D, Orwoll ES, Cawthon PM, Ensrud KE, Boudreau R, Greenspan S, Newman AB, Zmuda J, Bauer D, Cummings S, Cauley JA. Areal and volumetric bone mineral density and risk of multiple types of fracture in older men. Bone. 2016 Nov; 92:100-106. PMID: 27554426.
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    38. Grosicki GJ, Standley RA, Murach KA, Raue U, Minchev K, Coen PM, Newman AB, Cummings S, Harris T, Kritchevsky S, Goodpaster BH, Trappe S. Improved single muscle fiber quality in the oldest-old. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2016 Oct 01; 121(4):878-884. PMID: 27516537.
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    39. Matteini AM, Tanaka T, Karasik D, Atzmon G, Chou WC, Eicher JD, Johnson AD, Arnold AM, Callisaya ML, Davies G, Evans DS, Holtfreter B, Lohman K, Lunetta KL, Mangino M, Smith AV, Smith JA, Teumer A, Yu L, Arking DE, Buchman AS, Chibinik LB, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Faul JD, Garcia ME, Gillham-Nasenya I, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Hsu YH, Ittermann T, Lahousse L, Liewald DC, Liu Y, Lopez L, Rivadeneira F, Rotter JI, Siggeirsdottir K, Starr JM, Thomson R, Tranah GJ, Uitterlinden AG, Völker U, Völzke H, Weir DR, Yaffe K, Zhao W, Zhuang WV, Zmuda JM, Bennett DA, Cummings S, Deary IJ, Ferrucci L, Harris TB, Kardia SL, Kocher T, Kritchevsky SB, Psaty BM, Seshadri S, Spector TD, Srikanth VK, Windham BG, Zillikens MC, Newman AB, Walston JD, Kiel DP, Murabito JM. GWAS analysis of handgrip and lower body strength in older adults in the CHARGE consortium. Aging Cell. 2016 Oct; 15(5):792-800. PMID: 27325353.
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    304. Hsu YH, Xu X, Terwedow HA, Niu T, Hong X, Wu D, Wang L, Brain JD, Bouxsein ML, Cummings S, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Large-scale genome-wide linkage analysis for loci linked to BMD at different skeletal sites in extreme selected sibships. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Feb; 22(2):184-94. PMID: 17228995.
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    305. Wang J, Higuchi R, Modugno F, Li J, Umblas N, Lee J, Lui LY, Ziv E, Tice JA, Cummings S, Rhees B. Estrogen receptor alpha haplotypes and breast cancer risk in older Caucasian women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Dec; 106(2):273-80. PMID: 17268813.
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    306. Cawthon PM, Fink HA, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley JA, Dam TT, Lewis CE, Marshall LM, Orwoll ES, Cummings S. Alcohol use, physical performance, and functional limitations in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Feb; 55(2):212-20. PMID: 17302657.
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    308. Hillier TA, Stone KL, Bauer DC, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Hochberg MC, Cummings S. Evaluating the value of repeat bone mineral density measurement and prediction of fractures in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jan 22; 167(2):155-60. PMID: 17242316.
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    309. Black DM, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Levis S, Quandt SA, Satterfield S, Wallace RB, Bauer DC, Palermo L, Wehren LE, Lombardi A, Santora AC, Cummings S. Effects of continuing or stopping alendronate after 5 years of treatment: the Fracture Intervention Trial Long-term Extension (FLEX): a randomized trial. JAMA. 2006 Dec 27; 296(24):2927-38. PMID: 17190893.
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    310. Keller CR, Odden MC, Fried LF, Newman AB, Angleman S, Green CA, Cummings S, Harris TB, Shlipak MG. Kidney function and markers of inflammation in elderly persons without chronic kidney disease: the health, aging, and body composition study. Kidney Int. 2007 Feb; 71(3):239-44. PMID: 17183246.
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    311. Cummings S. A 55-year-old woman with osteopenia. JAMA. 2006 Dec 06; 296(21):2601-10. PMID: 17148725.
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    312. Yaffe K, Barnes D, Lindquist K, Cauley J, Simonsick EM, Penninx B, Satterfield S, Harris T, Cummings S. Endogenous sex hormone levels and risk of cognitive decline in an older biracial cohort. Neurobiol Aging. 2007 Feb; 28(2):171-8. PMID: 17097195.
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    313. Cawthon PM, Harrison SL, Barrett-Connor E, Fink HA, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Orwoll ES, Cummings S. Alcohol intake and its relationship with bone mineral density, falls, and fracture risk in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov; 54(11):1649-57. PMID: 17087690.
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    314. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings S. Endogenous testosterone levels, physical performance, and fall risk in older men. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Oct 23; 166(19):2124-31. PMID: 17060543.
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    315. Yaffe K, Kanaya AM, Lindquist K, Hsueh WC, Cummings S, Beamer B, Newman A, Rosano C, Li R, Harris T. PPAR-gamma Pro12Ala genotype and risk of cognitive decline in elders. Neurobiol Aging. 2008 Jan; 29(1):78-83. PMID: 17052804; PMCID: PMC2233891.
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    317. Cauley JA, Song J, Dowsett SA, Mershon JL, Cummings S. Risk factors for breast cancer in older women: the relative contribution of bone mineral density and other established risk factors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Apr; 102(2):181-8. PMID: 17028986.
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    318. Kanaya AM, Wassel Fyr C, Vittinghoff E, Havel PJ, Cesari M, Nicklas B, Harris T, Newman AB, Satterfield S, Cummings S. Serum adiponectin and coronary heart disease risk in older Black and White Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Dec; 91(12):5044-50. PMID: 16984981.
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    319. Lippman ME, Cummings S, Disch DP, Mershon JL, Dowsett SA, Cauley JA, Martino S. Effect of raloxifene on the incidence of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis categorized by breast cancer risk. Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Sep 01; 12(17):5242-7. PMID: 16951244.
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    320. Lee JS, Ettinger B, Stanczyk FZ, Vittinghoff E, Hanes V, Cauley JA, Chandler W, Settlage J, Beattie MS, Folkerd E, Dowsett M, Grady D, Cummings S. Comparison of methods to measure low serum estradiol levels in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct; 91(10):3791-7. PMID: 16882749.
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    321. Stone KL, Ewing SK, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Ancoli-Israel S, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Cummings S. Self-reported sleep and nap habits and risk of falls and fractures in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug; 54(8):1177-83. PMID: 16913982.
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    322. Bibbins-Domingo K, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Odden MC, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Shlipak MG. Renal function and heart failure risk in older black and white individuals: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jul 10; 166(13):1396-402. PMID: 16832005.
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    323. Zalloua PA, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Azar ST, Wang B, Bouxsein ML, Brain J, Cummings S, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas. 2007 Jan 20; 56(1):1-11. PMID: 16806750.
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    324. Heisey R, Pimlott N, Clemons M, Cummings S, Drummond N. Women's views on chemoprevention of breast cancer: qualitative study. Can Fam Physician. 2006 May; 52:624-5. PMID: 17327893; PMCID: PMC1531726.
    325. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Clinical comparison of a novel breast DXA technique to mammographic density. Med Phys. 2006 May; 33(5):1490-8. PMID: 16752583.
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    326. McClung MR, Siris E, Cummings S, Bolognese M, Ettinger M, Moffett A, Emkey R, Day W, Somayaji V, Lee A. Prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal women treated with lasofoxifene compared with raloxifene. Menopause. 2006 May-Jun; 13(3):377-86. PMID: 16735934.
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    327. Jamal SA, Hamilton CJ, Black D, Cummings S. The effects of organic nitrates on osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN94484747]. Trials. 2006 Apr 26; 7:10. PMID: 16640783; PMCID: PMC1471803.
    328. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Lecka-Czernik B, Feingold KR, Strotmeyer ES, Resnick HE, Carbone L, Beamer BA, Park SW, Lane NE, Harris TB, Cummings S. Thiazolidinedione use and bone loss in older diabetic adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3349-54. PMID: 16608888; PMCID: PMC1563497.
    329. Thomas T, Feron JM, Delmas PD, Kaufman J, Tosi L, Cummings S, Lane J, Johnell O, Bouxsein ML. [Optimal management of patients with stress fractures and the role of the orthopedic surgeon in reducing the risk of new fractures]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2006 Apr; 92(2):165-74. PMID: 16800073.
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    330. Cummings S. LIFT study is discontinued. BMJ. 2006 Mar 18; 332(7542):667. PMID: 16543350; PMCID: PMC1403233.
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    332. Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Gass M, Wallace RB, Robbins J, Lewis CE, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Blanchette P, Bonds DE, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Cauley JA, Chlebowski RT, Cummings S, Granek I, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kotchen JM, Kuller LH, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Limacher MC, Ludlam S, Manson JE, Margolis KL, McGowan J, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wactawski-Wende J, Whitlock E, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Barad D. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):669-83. PMID: 16481635.
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    333. Kado DM, Christianson L, Palermo L, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings S, Greendale GA. Comparing a supine radiologic versus standing clinical measurement of kyphosis in older women: the Fracture Intervention Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Feb 15; 31(4):463-7. PMID: 16481959; PMCID: PMC4964957.
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    335. Beattie MS, Costantino JP, Cummings S, Wickerham DL, Vogel VG, Dowsett M, Folkerd EJ, Willett WC, Wolmark N, Hankinson SE. Endogenous sex hormones, breast cancer risk, and tamoxifen response: an ancillary study in the NSABP Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (P-1). J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Jan 18; 98(2):110-5. PMID: 16418513.
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    336. Hsu YH, Venners SA, Terwedow HA, Feng Y, Niu T, Li Z, Laird N, Brain JD, Cummings S, Bouxsein ML, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Relation of body composition, fat mass, and serum lipids to osteoporotic fractures and bone mineral density in Chinese men and women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jan; 83(1):146-54. PMID: 16400063.
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    337. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Phipps K, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings S. Testosterone and estradiol among older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr; 91(4):1336-44. PMID: 16368750.
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    338. Shlipak MG, Wassel Fyr CL, Chertow GM, Harris TB, Kritchevsky SB, Tylavsky FA, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Newman AB, Fried LF. Cystatin C and mortality risk in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Jan; 17(1):254-61. PMID: 16267155.
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    339. Tice JA, Cummings S, Ziv E, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic breast density and the Gail model for breast cancer risk prediction in a screening population. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Nov; 94(2):115-22. PMID: 16261410.
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    340. Modugno F, Zmuda JM, Potter D, Cai C, Ziv E, Cummings S, Stone KL, Morin PA, Greene D, Cauley JA. Association of estrogen receptor alpha polymorphisms with breast cancer risk in older Caucasian women. Int J Cancer. 2005 Oct 10; 116(6):984-91. PMID: 15856463.
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    341. Cesari M, Kritchevsky SB, Nicklas BJ, Penninx BW, Holvoet P, Koh-Banerjee P, Cummings S, Harris TB, Newman AB, Pahor M. Lipoprotein peroxidation and mobility limitation: results from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Oct 10; 165(18):2148-54. PMID: 16217006.
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    343. Orwoll E, Blank JB, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Cummings S, Ensrud K, Lewis C, Cawthon PM, Marcus R, Marshall LM, McGowan J, Phipps K, Sherman S, Stefanick ML, Stone K. Design and baseline characteristics of the osteoporotic fractures in men (MrOS) study--a large observational study of the determinants of fracture in older men. Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 Oct; 26(5):569-85. PMID: 16084776.
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    344. Lau EM, Leung PC, Kwok T, Woo J, Lynn H, Orwoll E, Cummings S, Cauley J. The determinants of bone mineral density in Chinese men--results from Mr. Os (Hong Kong), the first cohort study on osteoporosis in Asian men. Osteoporos Int. 2006 Feb; 17(2):297-303. PMID: 16175311.
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    345. Feng Y, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Chen Cz, Xu X, Niu T, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Wang B, Brain JD, Cummings S, Rosen C, Bouxsein ML, Xu X. Familial aggregation of bone mineral density and bone mineral content in a Chinese population. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):1917-23. PMID: 16163441.
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    346. Felson DT, Cummings S. Aromatase inhibitors and the syndrome of arthralgias with estrogen deprivation. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Sep; 52(9):2594-8. PMID: 16142740.
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    347. Cummings S. Folate plus vitamin B12 reduced hip fractures in patients with poststroke hemiplegia. ACP J Club. 2005 Sep-Oct; 143(2):31. PMID: 16134905.
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    348. Clark P, Lavielle P, Franco-Marina F, Ramírez E, Salmerón J, Kanis JA, Cummings S. Incidence rates and life-time risk of hip fractures in Mexicans over 50 years of age: a population-based study. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):2025-30. PMID: 16133641.
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    349. Tankó LB, Christiansen C, Cox DA, Geiger MJ, McNabb MA, Cummings S. Relationship between osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Nov; 20(11):1912-20. PMID: 16234963.
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    350. Jacobs BP, Bent S, Tice JA, Blackwell T, Cummings S. An internet-based randomized, placebo-controlled trial of kava and valerian for anxiety and insomnia. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005 Jul; 84(4):197-207. PMID: 16010204.
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    351. Siris ES, Harris ST, Eastell R, Zanchetta JR, Goemaere S, Diez-Perez A, Stock JL, Song J, Qu Y, Kulkarni PM, Siddhanti SR, Wong M, Cummings S. Skeletal effects of raloxifene after 8 years: results from the continuing outcomes relevant to Evista (CORE) study. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1514-24. PMID: 16059623.
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    352. Kurella M, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Cummings S, Harris T, Simonsick E, Satterfield S, Ayonayon H, Yaffe K. Chronic kidney disease and cognitive impairment in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Jul; 16(7):2127-33. PMID: 15888561.
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    353. Cauley JA, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Zmuda JM, Stone KL, Hochberg MC, Cummings S. Bone mineral density and the risk of incident nonspinal fractures in black and white women. JAMA. 2005 May 04; 293(17):2102-8. PMID: 15870413.
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    354. Cummings S, Lee JS, Lui LY, Stone K, Ljung BM, Cauleys JA. Sex hormones, risk factors, and risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in older women: a long-term prospective study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 May; 14(5):1047-51. PMID: 15894651.
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    355. Yaffe K, Krueger K, Cummings S, Blackwell T, Henderson VW, Sarkar S, Ensrud K, Grady D. Effect of raloxifene on prevention of dementia and cognitive impairment in older women: the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) randomized trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Apr; 162(4):683-90. PMID: 15800139.
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    356. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings S. Novel use of single X-ray absorptiometry for measuring breast density. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Apr; 4(2):173-82. PMID: 15773786.
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    357. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Oakley JI, Beck TJ, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Morin P, Peltz G, Greene D, Cummings S. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha polymorphism, bone strength phenotypes, and the risk of fracture in older women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun; 90(6):3491-7. PMID: 15797957.
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    358. Kerlikowske K, Shepherd J, Creasman J, Tice JA, Ziv E, Cummings S. Are breast density and bone mineral density independent risk factors for breast cancer? J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Mar 02; 97(5):368-74. PMID: 15741573.
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    359. Cummings S. Bone density screening: a new level of evidence? Ann Intern Med. 2005 Feb 01; 142(3):217-9. PMID: 15684212.
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    360. Reiner AP, Ziv E, Lind DL, Nievergelt CM, Schork NJ, Cummings S, Phong A, Burchard EG, Harris TB, Psaty BM, Kwok PY. Population structure, admixture, and aging-related phenotypes in African American adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 Mar; 76(3):463-77. PMID: 15660291; PMCID: PMC1196398.
    361. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Strotmeyer ES, Tylavsky FA, Feingold KR, Resnick HE, Shorr RI, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cauley JA, Cummings S, Harris TB. Diabetes and bone loss at the hip in older black and white adults. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Apr; 20(4):596-603. PMID: 15765178.
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    362. Antoniucci DM, Sellmeyer DE, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Schneider JL, Vesco KK, Cummings S, Melton LJ. Postmenopausal bilateral oophorectomy is not associated with increased fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 May; 20(5):741-7. PMID: 15824846.
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    363. Chapurlat RD, Palermo L, Ramsay P, Cummings S. Risk of fracture among women who lose bone density during treatment with alendronate. The Fracture Intervention Trial. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Jul; 16(7):842-8. PMID: 15580479.
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    364. Cummings S. Summary--curing osteoporosis. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2004 Dec; 4(4):409. PMID: 15758284.
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    365. Martino S, Cauley JA, Barrett-Connor E, Powles TJ, Mershon J, Disch D, Secrest RJ, Cummings S. Continuing outcomes relevant to Evista: breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal osteoporotic women in a randomized trial of raloxifene. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004 Dec 01; 96(23):1751-61. PMID: 15572757.
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    366. Ziv E, Tice J, Smith-Bindman R, Shepherd J, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic density and estrogen receptor status of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Dec; 13(12):2090-5. PMID: 15598766.
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    367. Cummings S. Issues in designing and testing a "cure" for osteoporosis. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2004 Dec; 4(4):408. PMID: 15758283.
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    368. Browner WS, Kahn AJ, Ziv E, Reiner AP, Oshima J, Cawthon RM, Hsueh WC, Cummings S. The genetics of human longevity. Am J Med. 2004 Dec 01; 117(11):851-60. PMID: 15589490.
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    369. Sim I, Cummings S. Quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Evid Based Cardiovasc Med. 2004 Dec; 8(4):287-90. PMID: 16379955.
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    370. Bouxsein ML, Kaufman J, Tosi L, Cummings S, Lane J, Johnell O. Recommendations for optimal care of the fragility fracture patient to reduce the risk of future fracture. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec; 12(6):385-95. PMID: 15615504.
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    371. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Stone KL, Palermo L, Black DM, Bauer DC, Genant HK, Hochberg MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Cauley JA. Risk factors for a first-incident radiographic vertebral fracture in women > or = 65 years of age: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Jan; 20(1):131-40. PMID: 15619679.
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    372. Grady D, Ettinger B, Moscarelli E, Plouffe L, Sarkar S, Ciaccia A, Cummings S. Safety and adverse effects associated with raloxifene: multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct; 104(4):837-44. PMID: 15458908.
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    373. Wong SY, Lau EM, Lynn H, Leung PC, Woo J, Cummings S, Orwoll E. Depression and bone mineral density: is there a relationship in elderly Asian men? Results from Mr. Os (Hong Kong). Osteoporos Int. 2005 Jun; 16(6):610-5. PMID: 15448988.
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    374. Ettinger B, Ensrud KE, Wallace R, Johnson KC, Cummings S, Yankov V, Vittinghoff E, Grady D. Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51. PMID: 15339752.
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    375. Taylor BC, Schreiner PJ, Stone KL, Fink HA, Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Bowman PJ, Ensrud KE. Long-term prediction of incident hip fracture risk in elderly white women: study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Sep; 52(9):1479-86. PMID: 15341549.
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    376. Jamal SA, Leiter RE, Bayoumi AM, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Clinical utility of laboratory testing in women with osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2005 May; 16(5):534-40. PMID: 15340801.
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    377. Jamal SA, Cummings S, Hawker GA. Isosorbide mononitrate increases bone formation and decreases bone resorption in postmenopausal women: a randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Sep; 19(9):1512-7. PMID: 15312252.
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    378. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Nevitt MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Joslyn G, Morin P, Cummings S. Association of the G-174C variant in the interleukin-6 promoter region with bone loss and fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1612-8. PMID: 15355555.
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    379. Kanaya AM, Harris T, Goodpaster BH, Tylavsky F, Cummings S. Adipocytokines attenuate the association between visceral adiposity and diabetes in older adults. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jun; 27(6):1375-80. PMID: 15161791.
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    380. Coleman AL, Stone K, Ewing SK, Nevitt M, Cummings S, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Harris EL, Hochberg MC, Mangione CM. Higher risk of multiple falls among elderly women who lose visual acuity. Ophthalmology. 2004 May; 111(5):857-62. PMID: 15121359.
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    381. Stone KL, Bauer DC, Sellmeyer D, Cummings S. Low serum vitamin B-12 levels are associated with increased hip bone loss in older women: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar; 89(3):1217-21. PMID: 15001613.
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    382. Waetjen LE, Brown JS, Modelska K, Blackwell T, Vittinghoff E, Cummings S. Effect of raloxifene on urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Feb; 103(2):261-6. PMID: 14754693.
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    383. Olszynski WP, Shawn Davison K, Adachi JD, Brown JP, Cummings S, Hanley DA, Harris SP, Hodsman AB, Kendler D, McClung MR, Miller PD, Yuen CK. Osteoporosis in men: epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Clin Ther. 2004 Jan; 26(1):15-28. PMID: 14996514.
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    384. Lane NE, Williams EN, Hung YY, Hochberg MC, Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Association of nitrate use with risk of new radiographic features of hip osteoarthritis in elderly white women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Dec 15; 49(6):752-8. PMID: 14673960.
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    385. Ensrud KE, Ewing SK, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bowman PJ, Cummings S. Intentional and unintentional weight loss increase bone loss and hip fracture risk in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec; 51(12):1740-7. PMID: 14687352.
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    386. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Danielson ME, Ljung BM, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Kuller LH. Estrogen metabolites and the risk of breast cancer in older women. Epidemiology. 2003 Nov; 14(6):740-4. PMID: 14569192.
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    387. Stone KL, Seeley DG, Lui LY, Cauley JA, Ensrud K, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. BMD at multiple sites and risk of fracture of multiple types: long-term results from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Nov; 18(11):1947-54. PMID: 14606506.
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    388. Bent S, Xu L, Lui LY, Nevitt M, Schneider E, Tian G, Guo S, Cummings S. A randomized controlled trial of a Chinese herbal remedy to increase energy, memory, sexual function, and quality of life in elderly adults in Beijing, China. Am J Med. 2003 Oct 15; 115(6):441-7. PMID: 14563500.
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    389. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Lui LY, Hillier TA, Ness RB, Stone KL, Cummings S, Bauer DC. Lipid-lowering drug use and breast cancer in older women: a prospective study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):749-56. PMID: 14588125.
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    390. Cauley JA, Robbins J, Chen Z, Cummings S, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, LeBoff M, Lewis CE, McGowan J, Neuner J, Pettinger M, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J, Watts NB. Effects of estrogen plus progestin on risk of fracture and bone mineral density: the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. JAMA. 2003 Oct 01; 290(13):1729-38. PMID: 14519707.
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    391. Key TJ, Appleby PN, Reeves GK, Roddam A, Dorgan JF, Longcope C, Stanczyk FZ, Stephenson HE, Falk RT, Miller R, Schatzkin A, Allen DS, Fentiman IS, Key TJ, Wang DY, Dowsett M, Thomas HV, Hankinson SE, Toniolo P, Akhmedkhanov A, Koenig K, Shore RE, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Berrino F, Muti P, Micheli A, Krogh V, Sieri S, Pala V, Venturelli E, Secreto G, Barrett-Connor E, Laughlin GA, Kabuto M, Akiba S, Stevens RG, Neriishi K, Land CE, Cauley JA, Kuller LH, Cummings S, Helzlsouer KJ, Alberg AJ, Bush TL, Comstock GW, Gordon GB, Miller SR, Longcope C. Body mass index, serum sex hormones, and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Aug 20; 95(16):1218-26. PMID: 12928347.
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    392. Sim I, Cummings S. A new framework for describing and quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Med Care. 2003 Aug; 41(8):874-81. PMID: 12886168.
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    393. Tice JA, Ettinger B, Ensrud K, Wallace R, Blackwell T, Cummings S. Phytoestrogen supplements for the treatment of hot flashes: the Isoflavone Clover Extract (ICE) Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 Jul 09; 290(2):207-14. PMID: 12851275.
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    394. Cummings S. Review: parathyroid hormone increases lumbar spine bone mineral density and decreases vertebral fractures in osteoporosis. ACP J Club. 2003 Jul-Aug; 139(1):11. PMID: 12841715.
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    395. Kado DM, Duong T, Stone KL, Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Greendale GA, Cummings S. Incident vertebral fractures and mortality in older women: a prospective study. Osteoporos Int. 2003 Jul; 14(7):589-94. PMID: 12827222.
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    396. Gregg EW, Cauley JA, Stone K, Thompson TJ, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Ensrud KE. Relationship of changes in physical activity and mortality among older women. JAMA. 2003 May 14; 289(18):2379-86. PMID: 12746361.
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    397. Hillier TA, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Nulliparity and fracture risk in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 May; 18(5):893-9. PMID: 12733729.
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    398. Tice JA, Browner W, Tracy RP, Cummings S. The relation of C-reactive protein levels to total and cardiovascular mortality in older U.S. women. Am J Med. 2003 Feb 15; 114(3):199-205. PMID: 12637134.
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    399. Chapurlat RD, Bauer DC, Nevitt M, Stone K, Cummings S. Incidence and risk factors for a second hip fracture in elderly women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2003 Apr; 14(2):130-6. PMID: 12730779.
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    400. Modelska K, Cummings S. Female sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women: systematic review of placebo-controlled trials. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan; 188(1):286-93. PMID: 12548231.
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    401. Fink HA, Ensrud KE, Nelson DB, Kerani RP, Schreiner PJ, Zhao Y, Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Disability after clinical fracture in postmenopausal women with low bone density: the fracture intervention trial (FIT). Osteoporos Int. 2003 Jan; 14(1):69-76. PMID: 12577187.
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    402. Prevrhal S, Shepherd JA, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Accuracy of mammographic breast density analysis: results of formal operator training. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002 Nov; 11(11):1389-93. PMID: 12433716.
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    403. Cummings S, Bates D, Black DM. Clinical use of bone densitometry: scientific review. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1889-97. PMID: 12377088.
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    404. Bates DW, Black DM, Cummings S. Clinical use of bone densitometry: clinical applications. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1898-900. PMID: 12377089.
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    405. Schwartz AV, Hillier TA, Sellmeyer DE, Resnick HE, Gregg E, Ensrud KE, Schreiner PJ, Margolis KL, Cauley JA, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cummings S. Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Oct; 25(10):1749-54. PMID: 12351472.
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    406. Chapurlat RD, Cummings S. Does follow-up of osteoporotic women treated with antiresorptive therapies improve effectiveness? Osteoporos Int. 2002 Sep; 13(9):738-44. PMID: 12195538.
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    407. Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K. Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2002 Aug 10; 325(7359):299. PMID: 12169503; PMCID: PMC117762.
    408. Chlebowski RT, Col N, Winer EP, Collyar DE, Cummings S, Vogel VG, Burstein HJ, Eisen A, Lipkus I, Pfister DG. American Society of Clinical Oncology technology assessment of pharmacologic interventions for breast cancer risk reduction including tamoxifen, raloxifene, and aromatase inhibition. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Aug 01; 20(15):3328-43. PMID: 12149307.
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    409. Nevitt MC, Xu L, Zhang Y, Lui LY, Yu W, Lane NE, Qin M, Hochberg MC, Cummings S, Felson DT. Very low prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among Chinese elderly in Beijing, China, compared with whites in the United States: the Beijing osteoarthritis study. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Jul; 46(7):1773-9. PMID: 12124860.
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    410. Cummings S, Melton LJ. Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures. Lancet. 2002 May 18; 359(9319):1761-7. PMID: 12049882.
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    411. Hsu CY, Cummings S, McCulloch CE, Chertow GM. Bone mineral density is not diminished by mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency. Kidney Int. 2002 May; 61(5):1814-20. PMID: 11967032.
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    412. Shepherd JA, Kerlikowske KM, Smith-Bindman R, Genant HK, Cummings S. Measurement of breast density with dual X-ray absorptiometry: feasibility. Radiology. 2002 May; 223(2):554-7. PMID: 11997567.
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    413. Cummings S. How drugs decrease fracture risk: lessons from trials. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2002 Mar; 2(3):198-200. PMID: 15758432.
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    414. Kado DM, Lui LY, Cummings S. Rapid resting heart rate: a simple and powerful predictor of osteoporotic fractures and mortality in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Mar; 50(3):455-60. PMID: 11943040.
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    415. Cummings S, Karpf DB, Harris F, Genant HK, Ensrud K, LaCroix AZ, Black DM. Improvement in spine bone density and reduction in risk of vertebral fractures during treatment with antiresorptive drugs. Am J Med. 2002 Mar; 112(4):281-9. PMID: 11893367.
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    416. Cummings S, Duong T, Kenyon E, Cauley JA, Whitehead M, Krueger KA. Serum estradiol level and risk of breast cancer during treatment with raloxifene. JAMA. 2002 Jan 09; 287(2):216-20. PMID: 11779264.
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    417. Modelska K, Cummings S. Tibolone for postmenopausal women: systematic review of randomized trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jan; 87(1):16-23. PMID: 11788614.
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    418. Kaufman JD, Cummings S. Osteoporosis and prevention of fractures: practical approaches for orthopaedic surgeons. Instr Course Lect. 2002; 51:559-65. PMID: 12064147.
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    419. Chapurlat RD, Blackwell T, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover in women treated with raloxifene: influence of regression to the mean. Osteoporos Int. 2001 Dec; 12(12):1006-14. PMID: 11846325.
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    420. Cummings S. The paradox of small changes in bone density and reductions in risk of fracture with raloxifene. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Dec; 949:198-201. PMID: 11795354.
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    421. Beck TJ, Stone KL, Oreskovic TL, Hochberg MC, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings S. Effects of current and discontinued estrogen replacement therapy on hip structural geometry: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Nov; 16(11):2103-10. PMID: 11697807.
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    422. Chapurlat RD, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Association between endogenous hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin and bone turnover in older women: study of osteoporotic fractures. Bone. 2001 Oct; 29(4):381-7. PMID: 11595622.
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    423. Sebastian A, Sellmeyer DE, Stone KL, Cummings S. Dietary ratio of animal to vegetable protein and rate of bone loss and risk of fracture in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Sep; 74(3):411-2. PMID: 11522569.
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    424. Chapurlat RD, Ewing SK, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Influence of smoking on the antiosteoporotic efficacy of raloxifene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Sep; 86(9):4178-82. PMID: 11549646.
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    425. Cummings S, Parfitt AM. Bone density regression to the mean and the individual patient. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Aug; 86(8):4001-2. PMID: 11502847.
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    426. Pavlic M, Brand RJ, Cummings S. Estimating probability of non-response to treatment using mixture distributions. Stat Med. 2001 Jun 30; 20(12):1739-53. PMID: 11406838.
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    427. Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Ljung BM, Bauer DC, Cummings S, Kuller LH. Bone mass and breast cancer risk in older women: differences by stage at diagnosis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Jun 20; 93(12):930-6. PMID: 11416114.
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    428. Lippman ME, Krueger KA, Eckert S, Sashegyi A, Walls EL, Jamal S, Cauley JA, Cummings S. Indicators of lifetime estrogen exposure: effect on breast cancer incidence and interaction with raloxifene therapy in the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation study participants. J Clin Oncol. 2001 Jun 15; 19(12):3111-6. PMID: 11408508.
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    429. Grady D, Cummings S. Postmenopausal hormone therapy for prevention of fractures: how good is the evidence? JAMA. 2001 Jun 13; 285(22):2909-10. PMID: 11401615.
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    430. Beck TJ, Oreskovic TL, Stone KL, Ruff CB, Ensrud K, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings S. Structural adaptation to changing skeletal load in the progression toward hip fragility: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Jun; 16(6):1108-19. PMID: 11393788.
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    431. Lu Y, Genant HK, Shepherd J, Zhao S, Mathur A, Fuerst TP, Cummings S. Classification of osteoporosis based on bone mineral densities. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 May; 16(5):901-10. PMID: 11341335.
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    432. Cauley JA, Black DM, Barrett-Connor E, Harris F, Shields K, Applegate W, Cummings S. Effects of hormone replacement therapy on clinical fractures and height loss: The Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS). Am J Med. 2001 Apr 15; 110(6):442-50. PMID: 11331055.
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    433. Lips P, Duong T, Oleksik A, Black D, Cummings S, Cox D, Nickelsen T. A global study of vitamin D status and parathyroid function in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: baseline data from the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation clinical trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar; 86(3):1212-21. PMID: 11238511.
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    434. Browner WS, Lui LY, Cummings S. Associations of serum osteoprotegerin levels with diabetes, stroke, bone density, fractures, and mortality in elderly women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Feb; 86(2):631-7. PMID: 11158021.
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    435. Sellmeyer DE, Stone KL, Sebastian A, Cummings S. A high ratio of dietary animal to vegetable protein increases the rate of bone loss and the risk of fracture in postmenopausal women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Jan; 73(1):118-22. PMID: 11124760.
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    436. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Tabor HK, Schreiner PJ, Jamal SA, Black DM, Cummings S. Older women with diabetes have an increased risk of fracture: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan; 86(1):32-8. PMID: 11231974.
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    437. Black DM, Palermo L, Sørensen T, Jørgensen JT, Lewis C, Tylavsky F, Wallace R, Harris E, Cummings S. A normative reference database study for Pronosco X-posure System. J Clin Densitom. 2001; 4(1):5-12. PMID: 11393145.
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    438. Cummings S. The genetic testing process: how much counseling is needed? J Clin Oncol. 2000 Nov 01; 18(21 Suppl):60S-4S. PMID: 11060329.
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    439. Black DM, Thompson DE, Bauer DC, Ensrud K, Musliner T, Hochberg MC, Nevitt MC, Suryawanshi S, Cummings S. Fracture risk reduction with alendronate in women with osteoporosis: the Fracture Intervention Trial. FIT Research Group. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Nov; 85(11):4118-24. PMID: 11095442.
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    440. Kado DM, Browner WS, Blackwell T, Gore R, Cummings S. Rate of bone loss is associated with mortality in older women: a prospective study. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Oct; 15(10):1974-80. PMID: 11028450.
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    441. Ling X, Cummings S, Mingwei Q, Xihe Z, Xioashu C, Nevitt M, Stone K. Vertebral fractures in Beijing, China: the Beijing Osteoporosis Project. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Oct; 15(10):2019-25. PMID: 11028456.
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    442. Cummings S, Chapurlat RD. What PROOF proves about calcitonin and clinical trials. Am J Med. 2000 Sep; 109(4):330-1. PMID: 10996586.
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    443. Yaffe K, Lui LY, Grady D, Cauley J, Kramer J, Cummings S. Cognitive decline in women in relation to non-protein-bound oestradiol concentrations. Lancet. 2000 Aug 26; 356(9231):708-12. PMID: 11085689.
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    444. Gao Q, Tomlinson G, Das S, Cummings S, Sveen L, Fackenthal J, Schumm P, Olopade OI. Prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among clinic-based African American families with breast cancer. Hum Genet. 2000 Aug; 107(2):186-91. PMID: 11030417.
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    445. Cummings S, Bauer DC. Do statins prevent both cardiovascular disease and fracture? JAMA. 2000 Jun 28; 283(24):3255-7. PMID: 10866875.
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    446. Cummings S, Palermo L, Browner W, Marcus R, Wallace R, Pearson J, Blackwell T, Eckert S, Black D. Monitoring osteoporosis therapy with bone densitometry: misleading changes and regression to the mean. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. JAMA. 2000 Mar 08; 283(10):1318-21. PMID: 10714731.
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    447. Ensrud KE, Duong T, Cauley JA, Heaney RP, Wolf RL, Harris E, Cummings S. Low fractional calcium absorption increases the risk for hip fracture in women with low calcium intake. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Mar 07; 132(5):345-53. PMID: 10691584.
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    448. Cosman F, Cummings S, Lindsay R. How long should patients with osteoporosis be treated with bisphosphanates? J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2000 Mar; 9(2):81-4. PMID: 10746509.
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    449. Sarkisian CA, Liu H, Gutierrez PR, Seeley DG, Cummings S, Mangione CM. Modifiable risk factors predict functional decline among older women: a prospectively validated clinical prediction tool. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Feb; 48(2):170-8. PMID: 10682946.
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    450. Gregg EW, Yaffe K, Cauley JA, Rolka DB, Blackwell TL, Narayan KM, Cummings S. Is diabetes associated with cognitive impairment and cognitive decline among older women? Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 24; 160(2):174-80. PMID: 10647755.
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    451. Nevitt MC, Thompson DE, Black DM, Rubin SR, Ensrud K, Yates AJ, Cummings S. Effect of alendronate on limited-activity days and bed-disability days caused by back pain in postmenopausal women with existing vertebral fractures. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 10; 160(1):77-85. PMID: 10632308.
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    452. Fox KM, Cummings S, Williams E, Stone K. Femoral neck and intertrochanteric fractures have different risk factors: a prospective study. Osteoporos Int. 2000; 11(12):1018-23. PMID: 11256892.
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    453. Kerlikowske K, Salzmann P, Phillips KA, Cauley JA, Cummings S. Continuing screening mammography in women aged 70 to 79 years: impact on life expectancy and cost-effectiveness. JAMA. 1999 Dec 08; 282(22):2156-63. PMID: 10591338.
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    454. Ensrud KE, Stone K, Cauley JA, White C, Zmuda JM, Nguyen TV, Eisman JA, Cummings S. Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and the risk of fractures in older women. For the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Oct; 14(10):1637-45. PMID: 10491209.
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    455. Ettinger B, Black DM, Mitlak BH, Knickerbocker RK, Nickelsen T, Genant HK, Christiansen C, Delmas PD, Zanchetta JR, Stakkestad J, Glüer CC, Krueger K, Cohen FJ, Eckert S, Ensrud KE, Avioli LV, Lips P, Cummings S. Reduction of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with raloxifene: results from a 3-year randomized clinical trial. Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) Investigators. JAMA. 1999 Aug 18; 282(7):637-45. PMID: 10517716.
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    456. Feldman MD, Zhang J, Cummings S. Chinese and U.S. internists adhere to different ethical standards. J Gen Intern Med. 1999 Aug; 14(8):469-73. PMID: 10491230; PMCID: PMC1496727.
    457. Bauer DC, Sklarin PM, Stone KL, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Ensrud KE, Arnaud CD, Genant HK, Garnero P, Delmas PD, Lawaetz H, Cummings S. Biochemical markers of bone turnover and prediction of hip bone loss in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Aug; 14(8):1404-10. PMID: 10457273.
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    458. Cummings S, Black D, Barrett-Connor E, Scott J, Wallace RB. Alendronate and fracture prevention. JAMA. 1999 Jul 28; 282(4):324-5. PMID: 10432023.
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    459. Arden NK, Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Gore LR, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Pressman AR, Cummings S. Osteoarthritis and risk of falls, rates of bone loss, and osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 Jul; 42(7):1378-85. PMID: 10403265.
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    460. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Yaffe K, Kuller LH, Ferrell RE, Wisniewski SR, Cummings S. Apolipoprotein E polymorphism: A new genetic marker of hip fracture risk--The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jul; 14(7):1175-81. PMID: 10404018.
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    461. Cummings S, Eckert S, Krueger KA, Grady D, Powles TJ, Cauley JA, Norton L, Nickelsen T, Bjarnason NH, Morrow M, Lippman ME, Black D, Glusman JE, Costa A, Jordan VC. The effect of raloxifene on risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: results from the MORE randomized trial. Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation. JAMA. 1999 Jun 16; 281(23):2189-97. PMID: 10376571.
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    462. Kado DM, Browner WS, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings S. Vertebral fractures and mortality in older women: a prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Jun 14; 159(11):1215-20. PMID: 10371229.
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    463. Hochberg MC, Ross PD, Black D, Cummings S, Genant HK, Nevitt MC, Barrett-Connor E, Musliner T, Thompson D. Larger increases in bone mineral density during alendronate therapy are associated with a lower risk of new vertebral fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 Jun; 42(6):1246-54. PMID: 10366118.
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    464. Black DM, Arden NK, Palermo L, Pearson J, Cummings S. Prevalent vertebral deformities predict hip fractures and new vertebral deformities but not wrist fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 May; 14(5):821-8. PMID: 10320531.
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    465. Lane NE, Gore LR, Cummings S, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Williams EN, Nevitt MC. Serum vitamin D levels and incident changes of radiographic hip osteoarthritis: a longitudinal study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 May; 42(5):854-60. PMID: 10323440.
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    466. Baltzan MA, Suissa S, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Hip fractures attributable to corticosteroid use. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Group. Lancet. 1999 Apr 17; 353(9161):1327. PMID: 10218535.
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    467. Alloggiamento T, Cummings S, Redberg RF. Do cardiologists and general internists differ in testing and treating patients with aortic stenosis or mitral regurgitation? A preliminary study with editorial perspective. Am Heart J. 1999 Apr; 137(4 Pt 1):596-600. PMID: 10097219.
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    468. Ruderman J, Holzapfel SG, Carroll JC, Cummings S. Obstetrics anyone? How family medicine residents' interests changed. Can Fam Physician. 1999 Mar; 45:638-40, 643-7. PMID: 10099803; PMCID: PMC2328441.
    469. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Lui LY, Cummings S. Association between serum fructosamine and mortality in elderly women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Mar 01; 149(5):471-5. PMID: 10067907.
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    470. Cauley JA, Lucas FL, Kuller LH, Stone K, Browner W, Cummings S. Elevated serum estradiol and testosterone concentrations are associated with a high risk for breast cancer. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Feb 16; 130(4 Pt 1):270-7. PMID: 10068384.
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    471. Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Christensen L, Cummings S. Defining incident vertebral deformity: a prospective comparison of several approaches. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jan; 14(1):90-101. PMID: 9893070.
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    472. Cummings S, Black DM, Thompson DE, Applegate WB, Barrett-Connor E, Musliner TA, Palermo L, Prineas R, Rubin SM, Scott JC, Vogt T, Wallace R, Yates AJ, LaCroix AZ. Effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with low bone density but without vertebral fractures: results from the Fracture Intervention Trial. JAMA. 1998 Dec 23-30; 280(24):2077-82. PMID: 9875874.
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    473. Jamal SA, Stone K, Browner WS, Ensrud KE, Cummings S. Serum fructosamine level and the risk of hip fracture in elderly women: a case-cohort study within the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Med. 1998 Dec; 105(6):488-93. PMID: 9870834.
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    474. Jamal SA, Browner WS, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Intermittent use of nitrates increases bone mineral density: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Nov; 13(11):1755-9. PMID: 9797485.
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    475. Cummings S, Browner WS, Bauer D, Stone K, Ensrud K, Jamal S, Ettinger B. Endogenous hormones and the risk of hip and vertebral fractures among older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1998 Sep 10; 339(11):733-8. PMID: 9731089.
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    476. Cummings S, Olopade O. Predisposition testing for inherited breast cancer. Oncology (Williston Park). 1998 Aug; 12(8):1227-41; discussion 1241-2. PMID: 11236312.
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    477. Ettinger B, Pressman A, Sklarin P, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Cummings S. Associations between low levels of serum estradiol, bone density, and fractures among elderly women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jul; 83(7):2239-43. PMID: 9661589.
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    478. Stone K, Bauer DC, Black DM, Sklarin P, Ensrud KE, Cummings S. Hormonal predictors of bone loss in elderly women: a prospective study. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Jul; 13(7):1167-74. PMID: 9661081.
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    479. Yaffe K, Grady D, Pressman A, Cummings S. Serum estrogen levels, cognitive performance, and risk of cognitive decline in older community women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Jul; 46(7):816-21. PMID: 9670866.
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    480. Lucas FL, Cauley JA, Stone RA, Cummings S, Vogt MT, Weissfeld JL, Kuller LH. Bone mineral density and risk of breast cancer: differences by family history of breast cancer. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jul 01; 148(1):22-9. PMID: 9663400.
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    481. Frank TS, Manley SA, Olopade OI, Cummings S, Garber JE, Bernhardt B, Antman K, Russo D, Wood ME, Mullineau L, Isaacs C, Peshkin B, Buys S, Venne V, Rowley PT, Loader S, Offit K, Robson M, Hampel H, Brener D, Winer EP, Clark S, Weber B, Strong LC, Thomas A. Sequence analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2: correlation of mutations with family history and ovarian cancer risk. J Clin Oncol. 1998 Jul; 16(7):2417-25. PMID: 9667259.
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    482. Nevitt MC, Ettinger B, Black DM, Stone K, Jamal SA, Ensrud K, Segal M, Genant HK, Cummings S. The association of radiographically detected vertebral fractures with back pain and function: a prospective study. Ann Intern Med. 1998 May 15; 128(10):793-800. PMID: 9599190.
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    483. Jamal SA, Browner WS, Bauer DC, Cummings S. Warfarin use and risk for osteoporosis in elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1998 May 15; 128(10):829-32. PMID: 9599195.
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    484. Yaffe K, Ettinger B, Pressman A, Seeley D, Whooley M, Schaefer C, Cummings S. Neuropsychiatric function and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in elderly women: a prospective study. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 May 01; 43(9):694-700. PMID: 9583004.
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    485. Marmoreo J, Brown JB, Batty HR, Cummings S, Powell M. Hormone replacement therapy: determinants of women's decisions. Patient Educ Couns. 1998 Mar; 33(3):289-98. PMID: 9731166.
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    486. Fox KM, Cummings S, Powell-Threets K, Stone K. Family history and risk of osteoporotic fracture. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8(6):557-62. PMID: 10326061.
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    487. Cummings S. Prevention of hip fractures in older women: a population-based perspective. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8 Suppl 1:S8-12. PMID: 9682790.
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    488. Barrett-Connor E, Gore R, Browner WS, Cummings S. Prevention of osteoporotic hip fracture: global versus high-risk strategies. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8 Suppl 1:S2-7. PMID: 9682789.
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    489. Whooley MA, Grady D, Cummings S. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and mortality. N Engl J Med. 1997 Nov 06; 337(19):1389-90; author reply 1391. PMID: 9380092.
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    490. Cummings S, Ling X, Stone K. Consequences of foot binding among older women in Beijing, China. Am J Public Health. 1997 Oct; 87(10):1677-9. PMID: 9357353; PMCID: PMC1381134.
    491. Ensrud KE, Lipschutz RC, Cauley JA, Seeley D, Nevitt MC, Scott J, Orwoll ES, Genant HK, Cummings S. Body size and hip fracture risk in older women: a prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Med. 1997 Oct; 103(4):274-80. PMID: 9382119.
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    492. Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Basen-Engquist K, Wetter DW, Cummings S, Martineau DS, Prokhorov AV, Chorley J, Beech B, Hergenroeder AC. Transitions out of high school: time of increased cancer risk? Prev Med. 1997 Sep-Oct; 26(5 Pt 1):694-703. PMID: 9327479.
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    493. Cummings S, Tripp MK, Herrmann NB. Approaches to the prevention and control of skin cancer. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 1997 Sep-Dec; 16(3-4):309-27. PMID: 9433642.
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    494. Lane NE, Bauer DC, Nevitt MC, Pressman AR, Cummings S. Aspirin and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use in elderly women: effects on a marker of bone resorption. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jun; 24(6):1132-6. PMID: 9195522.
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    495. Cranney A, Tugwell P, Cummings S, Sambrook P, Adachi J, Silman AJ, Gillespie WJ, Felson DT, Shea B, Wells G. Osteoporosis clinical trials endpoints: candidate variables and clinimetric properties. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jun; 24(6):1222-9. PMID: 9195541.
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    496. Ensrud KE, Black DM, Harris F, Ettinger B, Cummings S. Correlates of kyphosis in older women. The Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Jun; 45(6):682-7. PMID: 9180660.
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    497. Cumming RG, Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Scott J, Ensrud KE, Vogt TM, Fox K. Calcium intake and fracture risk: results from the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 May 15; 145(10):926-34. PMID: 9149664.
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    498. Gao Q, Neuhausen S, Cummings S, Luce M, Olopade OI. Recurrent germ-line BRCA1 mutations in extended African American families with early-onset breast cancer. Am J Hum Genet. 1997 May; 60(5):1233-6. PMID: 9150171; PMCID: PMC1712427.
    499. Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Lipschutz R, Cummings S. Weight change and fractures in older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1997 Apr 28; 157(8):857-63. PMID: 9129545.
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    500. Kuller LH, Cauley JA, Lucas L, Cummings S, Browner WS. Sex steroid hormones, bone mineral density, and risk of breast cancer. Environ Health Perspect. 1997 Apr; 105 Suppl 3:593-9. PMID: 9168001; PMCID: PMC1469888.
    501. Ettinger B, Sidney S, Cummings S, Libanati C, Bikle DD, Tekawa IS, Tolan K, Steiger P. Racial differences in bone density between young adult black and white subjects persist after adjustment for anthropometric, lifestyle, and biochemical differences. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Feb; 82(2):429-34. PMID: 9024231.
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    502. Cumming RG, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Epidemiology of hip fractures. Epidemiol Rev. 1997; 19(2):244-57. PMID: 9494786.
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    503. Cummings S, Raisz LG. Hip fracture. N Engl J Med. 1996 Dec 26; 335(26):1994; author reply 1995-6. PMID: 8975123.
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    504. Black DM, Cummings S, Karpf DB, Cauley JA, Thompson DE, Nevitt MC, Bauer DC, Genant HK, Haskell WL, Marcus R, Ott SM, Torner JC, Quandt SA, Reiss TF, Ensrud KE. Randomised trial of effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with existing vertebral fractures. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Lancet. 1996 Dec 07; 348(9041):1535-41. PMID: 8950879.
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    505. Cauley JA, Lucas FL, Kuller LH, Vogt MT, Browner WS, Cummings S. Bone mineral density and risk of breast cancer in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1996 Nov 06; 276(17):1404-8. PMID: 8892715.
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    506. Xu L, Lu A, Zhao X, Chen X, Cummings S. Very low rates of hip fracture in Beijing, People's Republic of China the Beijing Osteoporosis Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Nov 01; 144(9):901-7. PMID: 8890668.
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    507. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Lane NE, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Pressman AR, Genant HK, Cauley JA. Association of estrogen replacement therapy with the risk of osteoarthritis of the hip in elderly white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Oct 14; 156(18):2073-80. PMID: 8862099.
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    508. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Mortality following fractures in older women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Jul 22; 156(14):1521-5. PMID: 8687260.
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    509. Genant HK, Jergas M, Palermo L, Nevitt M, Valentin RS, Black D, Cummings S. Comparison of semiquantitative visual and quantitative morphometric assessment of prevalent and incident vertebral fractures in osteoporosis The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1996 Jul; 11(7):984-96. PMID: 8797120.
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    510. Glüer CC, Cummings S, Bauer DC, Stone K, Pressman A, Mathur A, Genant HK. Osteoporosis: association of recent fractures with quantitative US findings. Radiology. 1996 Jun; 199(3):725-32. PMID: 8637996.
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    511. Lu Y, Mathur AK, Blunt BA, Gluer CC, Will AS, Fuerst TP, Jergas MD, Andriano KN, Cummings S, Genant HK. Dual X-ray absorptiometry quality control: comparison of visual examination and process-control charts. J Bone Miner Res. 1996 May; 11(5):626-37. PMID: 9157777.
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    512. Cummings S. Treatable and untreatable risk factors for hip fracture. Bone. 1996 Mar; 18(3 Suppl):165S-167S. PMID: 8777083.
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    513. Cummings S. Treatment thresholds for preventive therapy: a simplified example of therapy for prevention of hip fractures. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1996; 103:101-7. PMID: 8966481.
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    514. Ensrud KE, Palermo L, Black DM, Cauley J, Jergas M, Orwoll ES, Nevitt MC, Fox KM, Cummings S. Hip and calcaneal bone loss increase with advancing age: longitudinal results from the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Nov; 10(11):1778-87. PMID: 8592956.
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    515. Hodge FS, Cummings S, Fredericks L, Kipnis P, Williams M, Teehee K. Prevalence of smoking among adult American Indian clinic users in northern California. Prev Med. 1995 Sep; 24(5):441-6. PMID: 8524717.
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    516. Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Scott JC, Hochberg MC, Pressman AR, Genant HK, Cummings S. Radiographic osteoarthritis of the hip and bone mineral density. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1995 Jul; 38(7):907-16. PMID: 7612040.
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    517. Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Epstein R, San Valentin R, Cummings S. Comparison of methods for defining prevalent vertebral deformities: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Jun; 10(6):890-902. PMID: 7572313.
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    518. Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Black D, Vogt TM. Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1995 Mar 23; 332(12):767-73. PMID: 7862179.
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    519. Midmer D, Wilson L, Cummings S. A randomized, controlled trial of the influence of prenatal parenting education on postpartum anxiety and marital adjustment. Fam Med. 1995 Mar; 27(3):200-5. PMID: 7774781.
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    520. Faulkner KG, Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Pressman A, Jergas M, Genant HK. Hip axis length and osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Mar; 10(3):506-8. PMID: 7785473.
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    521. Cummings S, Black D. Bone mass measurements and risk of fracture in Caucasian women: a review of findings from prospective studies. Am J Med. 1995 Feb 27; 98(2A):24S-28S. PMID: 7709929.
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    522. Seeley DG, Cauley JA, Grady D, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Is postmenopausal estrogen therapy associated with neuromuscular function or falling in elderly women? Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Feb 13; 155(3):293-9. PMID: 7832601.
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    523. Lane NE, Pressman AR, Star VL, Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Rheumatoid arthritis and bone mineral density in elderly women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Feb; 10(2):257-63. PMID: 7754805.
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    524. Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Ensrud K, Ettinger B, Black D, Cummings S. Estrogen replacement therapy and fractures in older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jan 01; 122(1):9-16. PMID: 7985914.
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    525. Fox KM, Cummings S. Is tubal ligation a risk factor for low bone density and increased risk of fracture? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jan; 172(1 Pt 1):101-5. PMID: 7847513.
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    526. Nelson HD, Nevitt MC, Scott JC, Stone KL, Cummings S. Smoking, alcohol, and neuromuscular and physical function of older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1994 Dec 21; 272(23):1825-31. PMID: 7990216.
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    527. Nevitt MC, Johnell O, Black DM, Ensrud K, Genant HK, Cummings S. Bone mineral density predicts non-spine fractures in very elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Nov; 4(6):325-31. PMID: 7696827.
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    528. Cummings S, Hinds D, Young WS. Corticotropin-releasing factor mRNA increases in the inferior olivary complex during harmaline-induced tremor. Brain Res. 1994 Oct 17; 660(2):199-208. PMID: 7820688.
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    529. Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Falls. N Engl J Med. 1994 Sep 29; 331(13):872-3. PMID: 8078534.
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    530. Cummings S, Xu L, Chen X, Zhao X, Yu W, Ge Q. Bone mass, rates of osteoporotic fractures, and prevention of fractures: are there differences between China and Western countries? Chin Med Sci J. 1994 Sep; 9(3):197-200. PMID: 7865845.
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    531. Cummings S, Marcus R, Palermo L, Ensrud KE, Genant HK. Does estimating volumetric bone density of the femoral neck improve the prediction of hip fracture? A prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 Sep; 9(9):1429-32. PMID: 7817827.
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    532. Steiger P, Cummings S, Genant HK, Weiss H. Morphometric X-ray absorptiometry of the spine: correlation in vivo with morphometric radiography. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Sep; 4(5):238-44. PMID: 7812071.
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    533. Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Aug; 42(8):909. PMID: 8046212.
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    534. Cummings S, Cauley JA, Palermo L, Ross PD, Wasnich RD, Black D, Faulkner KG. Racial differences in hip axis lengths might explain racial differences in rates of hip fracture. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Jul; 4(4):226-9. PMID: 7949753.
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    535. Faulkner KG, McClung M, Cummings S. Automated evaluation of hip axis length for predicting hip fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 Jul; 9(7):1065-70. PMID: 7942153.
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    536. Glüer CC, Cummings S, Pressman A, Li J, Glüer K, Faulkner KG, Grampp S, Genant HK. Prediction of hip fractures from pelvic radiographs: the study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 May; 9(5):671-7. PMID: 8053396.
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    537. Carlson S, Sonnenberg LM, Cummings S. Dieting readiness test predicts completion in a short-term weight loss program. J Am Diet Assoc. 1994 May; 94(5):552-4. PMID: 8176135.
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    538. Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Yunis C, Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Fox KM, Cummings S. Correlates of impaired function in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 May; 42(5):481-9. PMID: 8176141.
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    539. Cummings S, Nevitt MC. Non-skeletal determinants of fractures: the potential importance of the mechanics of falls. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994; 4 Suppl 1:67-70. PMID: 8081063.
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    540. Ettinger B, Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Melnikoff S, Cummings S. Kyphosis in older women and its relation to back pain, disability and osteopenia: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Jan; 4(1):55-60. PMID: 8148573.
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    541. Gelb BD, Boutwell WB, Cummings S. Using mass media communication for health promotion: results from a cancer center effort. Hosp Health Serv Adm. 1994; 39(3):283-93. PMID: 10137050.
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    542. Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: the study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Nov; 41(11):1226-34. PMID: 8227898.
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    543. Faulkner KG, Cummings S, Black D, Palermo L, Glüer CC, Genant HK. Simple measurement of femoral geometry predicts hip fracture: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1993 Oct; 8(10):1211-7. PMID: 8256658.
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    544. Fox KM, Magaziner J, Sherwin R, Scott JC, Plato CC, Nevitt M, Cummings S. Reproductive correlates of bone mass in elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1993 Aug; 8(8):901-8. PMID: 8213252.
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    545. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Nevitt MC, Cauley JA, Cummings S. Association between low bone density and stroke in elderly women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. Stroke. 1993 Jul; 24(7):940-6. PMID: 8322393.
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    546. Bauer DC, Browner WS, Cauley JA, Orwoll ES, Scott JC, Black DM, Tao JL, Cummings S. Factors associated with appendicular bone mass in older women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 May 01; 118(9):657-65. PMID: 8460853.
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    547. Cauley JA, Cummings S, Seeley DG, Black D, Browner W, Kuller LH, Nevitt MC. Effects of thiazide diuretic therapy on bone mass, fractures, and falls. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 May 01; 118(9):666-73. PMID: 8489642.
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    548. Cummings S, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Browner W, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Genant HK, Palermo L, Scott J, Vogt TM. Bone density at various sites for prediction of hip fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Lancet. 1993 Jan 09; 341(8837):72-5. PMID: 8093403.
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    549. Cummings S. Bone mass and bone loss in the elderly: a special case? Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud. 1993; 38 Suppl 2:92-7. PMID: 8252112.
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    550. Black DM, Reiss TF, Nevitt MC, Cauley J, Karpf D, Cummings S. Design of the Fracture Intervention Trial. Osteoporos Int. 1993; 3 Suppl 3:S29-39. PMID: 8298200.
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    551. Grady D, Rubin SM, Petitti DB, Fox CS, Black D, Ettinger B, Ernster VL, Cummings S. Hormone therapy to prevent disease and prolong life in postmenopausal women. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Dec 15; 117(12):1016-37. PMID: 1443971.
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    552. Duncan CL, Cummings S, Hudes ES, Zahnd E, Coates TJ. Quitting smoking: reasons for quitting and predictors of cessation among medical patients. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Jul-Aug; 7(4):398-404. PMID: 1506945.
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    553. Sanchez-Menegay C, Hudes ES, Cummings S. Patient expectations and satisfaction with medical care for upper respiratory infections. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Jul-Aug; 7(4):432-4. PMID: 1506950.
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    554. Rubin SM, Cummings S. Results of bone densitometry affect women's decisions about taking measures to prevent fractures. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Jun 15; 116(12 Pt 1):990-5. PMID: 1586110.
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    555. Black DM, Cummings S, Genant HK, Nevitt MC, Palermo L, Browner W. Axial and appendicular bone density predict fractures in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):633-8. PMID: 1414481.
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    556. Black DM, Cummings S, Melton LJ. Appendicular bone mineral and a woman's lifetime risk of hip fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):639-46. PMID: 1414482.
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    557. Steiger P, Cummings S, Black DM, Spencer NE, Genant HK. Age-related decrements in bone mineral density in women over 65. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):625-32. PMID: 1414480.
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    558. Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Yunis C, Hulley SB, Grimm RH, Cummings S. Postural hypotension and postural dizziness in elderly women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1992 May; 152(5):1058-64. PMID: 1580709.
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    559. Ettinger B, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Rundle AC, Cauley JA, Cummings S, Genant HK. Contribution of vertebral deformities to chronic back pain and disability. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Apr; 7(4):449-56. PMID: 1535172.
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    560. Kelsey JL, Browner WS, Seeley DG, Nevitt MC, Cummings S. Risk factors for fractures of the distal forearm and proximal humerus. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Mar 01; 135(5):477-89. PMID: 1570814.
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    561. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Browner WS, Seeley DG, Cauley JA, Vogt TM, Black DM. The accuracy of self-report of fractures in elderly women: evidence from a prospective study. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Mar 01; 135(5):490-9. PMID: 1570815.
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    562. Eichner JE, Cauley JA, Ferrell RE, Cummings S, Kuller LH. Genetic variation in two bone-related proteins: is there an association with bone mineral density or skeletal size in postmenopausal women? Genet Epidemiol. 1992; 9(3):177-84. PMID: 1521779.
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    563. Seeley DG, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Scott JC, Cummings S. Which fractures are associated with low appendicular bone mass in elderly women? The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Dec 01; 115(11):837-42. PMID: 1952469.
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    564. Cummings S. Prevention of osteoporotic fractures: what we need to know. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1991 Dec; 5(4):935-42. PMID: 1822827.
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    565. Cummings S. Evaluating the benefits and risks of postmenopausal hormone therapy. Am J Med. 1991 Nov 25; 91(5B):14S-18S. PMID: 1750410.
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    566. Grady D, Halloran B, Cummings S, Leveille S, Wells L, Black D, Byl N. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and muscle strength in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1991 Nov; 73(5):1111-7. PMID: 1939527.
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    567. Smith-Bindman R, Steiger P, Cummings S, Genant HK. The index of radiographic area (IRA): a new approach to estimating the severity of vertebral deformity. Bone Miner. 1991 Nov; 15(2):137-49. PMID: 1764630.
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    568. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Hudes ES. Risk factors for injurious falls: a prospective study. J Gerontol. 1991 Sep; 46(5):M164-70. PMID: 1890282.
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    569. Browner WS, Seeley DG, Vogt TM, Cummings S. Non-trauma mortality in elderly women with low bone mineral density. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Lancet. 1991 Aug 10; 338(8763):355-8. PMID: 1677708.
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    570. Black DM, Cummings S, Stone K, Hudes E, Palermo L, Steiger P. A new approach to defining normal vertebral dimensions. J Bone Miner Res. 1991 Aug; 6(8):883-92. PMID: 1785377.
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    571. Duncan C, Stein MJ, Cummings S. Staff involvement and special follow-up time increase physicians' counseling about smoking cessation: a controlled trial. Am J Public Health. 1991 Jul; 81(7):899-901. PMID: 2053669; PMCID: PMC1405179.
    572. Smith-Bindman R, Cummings S, Steiger P, Genant HK. A comparison of morphometric definitions of vertebral fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1991 Jan; 6(1):25-34. PMID: 2048427.
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    573. Mangione CM, Gerberding JL, Cummings S. Occupational exposure to HIV: frequency and rates of underreporting of percutaneous and mucocutaneous exposures by medical housestaff. Am J Med. 1991 Jan; 90(1):85-90. PMID: 1986594.
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    574. Cummings S. Epidemiologic studies of osteoporotic fractures: methodologic issues. Calcif Tissue Int. 1991; 49 Suppl:S15-20. PMID: 1933590.
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    575. Rubin SM, Sidney S, Black DM, Browner WS, Hulley SB, Cummings S. High blood cholesterol in elderly men and the excess risk for coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Dec 15; 113(12):916-20. PMID: 2240916.
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    576. Cauley JA, Cummings S, Black DM, Mascioli SR, Seeley DG. Prevalence and determinants of estrogen replacement therapy in elderly women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Nov; 163(5 Pt 1):1438-44. PMID: 2240084.
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    577. Cummings S, Browner WS, Grady D, Ettinger B. Should prescription of postmenopausal hormone therapy be based on the results of bone densitometry? Ann Intern Med. 1990 Oct 15; 113(8):565-7. PMID: 2119160.
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    578. Krumholz HM, Cummings S, York M. Blood culture phlebotomy: switching needles does not prevent contamination. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Aug 15; 113(4):290-2. PMID: 2375564.
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    579. Vander Martin R, Cummings S, Coates TJ. Ethnicity and smoking: differences in white, black, Hispanic, and Asian medical patients who smoke. Am J Prev Med. 1990 Jul-Aug; 6(4):194-9. PMID: 2223166.
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    580. Cummings S, Rubin SM, Black D. The future of hip fractures in the United States. Numbers, costs, and potential effects of postmenopausal estrogen. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990 Mar; (252):163-6. PMID: 2302881.
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    581. Zahnd EG, Coates TJ, Richard RJ, Cummings S. Counseling medical patients about cigarette smoking: a comparison of the impact of training on nurse practitioners and physicians. Nurse Pract. 1990 Mar; 15(3):10-3, 17-8. PMID: 2314676.
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    582. Cummings S, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Cauley JA, Genant HK, Mascioli SR, Scott JC, Seeley DG, Steiger P. Appendicular bone density and age predict hip fracture in women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1990 Feb 02; 263(5):665-8. PMID: 2404146.
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    583. Cummings S, Black DM, Rubin SM. Lifetime risks of hip, Colles', or vertebral fracture and coronary heart disease among white postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Nov; 149(11):2445-8. PMID: 2818106.
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    584. Cummings S, Richard RJ, Duncan CL, Hansen B, Vander Martin R, Gerbert B, Coates TJ. Training physicians about smoking cessation: a controlled trial in private practice. J Gen Intern Med. 1989 Nov-Dec; 4(6):482-9. PMID: 2685206.
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    585. Guralnik JM, Branch LG, Cummings S, Curb JD. Physical performance measures in aging research. J Gerontol. 1989 Sep; 44(5):M141-6. PMID: 2768767.
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    586. Cummings S, Nevitt MC. A hypothesis: the causes of hip fractures. J Gerontol. 1989 Jul; 44(4):M107-11. PMID: 2738306.
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    587. Nevitt MC, Cummings S, Kidd S, Black D. Risk factors for recurrent nonsyncopal falls. A prospective study. JAMA. 1989 May 12; 261(18):2663-8. PMID: 2709546.
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    588. Cummings S, Coates TJ, Richard RJ, Hansen B, Zahnd EG, VanderMartin R, Duncan C, Gerbert B, Martin A, Stein MJ. Training physicians in counseling about smoking cessation. A randomized trial of the "Quit for Life" program. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Apr 15; 110(8):640-7. PMID: 2930094.
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    589. Cummings S, Stein MJ, Hansen B, Richard RJ, Gerbert B, Coates TJ. Smoking counseling and preventive medicine. A survey of internists in private practices and a health maintenance organization. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Feb; 149(2):345-9. PMID: 2916878.
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    590. Cummings S, Rubin SM, Oster G. The cost-effectiveness of counseling smokers to quit. JAMA. 1989 Jan 06; 261(1):75-9. PMID: 2491762.
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    591. Gerbert B, Coates T, Zahnd E, Richard RJ, Cummings S. Dentists as smoking cessation counselors. J Am Dent Assoc. 1989 Jan; 118(1):29-32. PMID: 2913101.
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    592. Ettinger B, Block JE, Smith R, Cummings S, Harris ST, Genant HK. An examination of the association between vertebral deformities, physical disabilities and psychosocial problems. Maturitas. 1988 Dec; 10(4):283-96. PMID: 2976115.
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    593. Cummings S, Hansen B, Richard RJ, Stein MJ, Coates TJ. Internists and nicotine gum. JAMA. 1988 Sep 16; 260(11):1565-9. PMID: 3411736.
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    594. Cummings S, Phillips SL, Wheat ME, Black D, Goosby E, Wlodarczyk D, Trafton P, Jergesen H, Winograd CH, Hulley SB. Recovery of function after hip fracture. The role of social supports. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Sep; 36(9):801-6. PMID: 3411063.
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    595. Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Kidd S. Forgetting falls. The limited accuracy of recall of falls in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jul; 36(7):613-6. PMID: 3385114.
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    596. Cummings S, Seybold V. Relationship of alpha-1- and alpha-2-adrenergic-binding sites to regions of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus containing corticotropin-releasing factor and vasopressin neurons. Neuroendocrinology. 1988 Jun; 47(6):523-32. PMID: 2899848.
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    597. Cummings S, Richard RJ. Optimum cutoff points for biochemical validation of smoking status. Am J Public Health. 1988 May; 78(5):574-5. PMID: 3354745; PMCID: PMC1349344.
    598. Cummings S, Block G, McHenry K, Baron RB. Evaluation of two food frequency methods of measuring dietary calcium intake. Am J Epidemiol. 1987 Nov; 126(5):796-802. PMID: 3661527.
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    599. Sharp BM, Nicol S, Cummings S, Seybold V. Distribution of nicotinic binding sites with respect to CRF and neurophysin immunoreactive perikarya within the rat hypothalamus. Brain Res. 1987 Oct 06; 422(2):361-6. PMID: 3499957.
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    600. Melton LJ, Cummings S. Heterogeneity of age-related fractures: implications for epidemiology. Bone Miner. 1987 Jul; 2(4):321-31. PMID: 3333319.
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    601. Ernster VL, Cummings S. Progesterone and breast cancer. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Nov; 68(5):715-7. PMID: 3763089.
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    602. Cummings S, Lillington GA, Richard RJ. Estimating the probability of malignancy in solitary pulmonary nodules. A Bayesian approach. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Sep; 134(3):449-52. PMID: 3752700.
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    603. Cummings S, Lillington GA, Richard RJ. Managing solitary pulmonary nodules. The choice of strategy is a "close call". Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Sep; 134(3):453-60. PMID: 3752701.
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    604. Cummings S, Black D. Should perimenopausal women be screened for osteoporosis? Ann Intern Med. 1986 Jun; 104(6):817-23. PMID: 3085566.
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    605. Cummings S, Nevitt MC, Haber RJ. Prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. West J Med. 1985 Nov; 143(5):684-7. PMID: 4082577; PMCID: PMC1306469.
    606. Cummings S. Are patients with hip fractures more osteoporotic? Review of the evidence. Am J Med. 1985 Mar; 78(3):487-94. PMID: 3976707.
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    607. Cummings S, Kelsey JL, Nevitt MC, O'Dowd KJ. Epidemiology of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Epidemiol Rev. 1985; 7:178-208. PMID: 3902494.
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    608. Cummings S. Kicking the habit: benefits and methods of quitting cigarette smoking. West J Med. 1982 Nov; 137(5):443-7. PMID: 7179967; PMCID: PMC1274189.
    609. Cummings S, Heinecken P, Feigenbaum P. Utility of the fluorescent antinuclear antibody test. Ann Intern Med. 1982 Feb; 96(2):258-9. PMID: 7036815.
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