Susan Kegeles, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-502-1000 ext. 17156
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    Susan M. Kegeles, PhD is Professor of Medicine at the UCSF School of Medicine, in the Division of Prevention Science, and Co-Director of the Center for Prevention Studies (CAPS). She has an established research career conducting community-based research and has considerable experience designing and implementing HIV prevention interventions for diverse groups, including young and all-aged MSM, transgender women, and injection drug users. The majority of her research focuses on MSM, particularly young MSM, and young Black and Latino MSM. In particular, she developed an efficacious multi-level HIV prevention intervention that works at the level of the community and addresses individual, interpersonal, social, and structural issues related to HIV prevention. The intervention is called the Mpowerment Project (MP). The intervention’s efficacy was established through two randomized, controlled trials. The MP has been disseminated and implemented by over 175 community-based organizations in the US, as well as internationally in South Africa, Peru, Mexico, Guatemala, Canada, the Netherlands, and Hong Kong. She is now conducting research on mobilizing young MSM communities to influence MSM’s engagement in the HIV continuum of care and prevention in the U.S. South, South Africa and Peru. She has also been conducting implementation research on the MP and she and her team developed and are testing the efficacy of an intervention for community-based organizations to use in implementing the MP. Her focus on implementation science is also manifest through her work in capacity-building for organizations around the US. She is focused on disparities reduction through her work with young black MSM concerning adapting the MP so that it is culturally sensitive and with her focus on working with Black churches. Finally, she is the Director of CAPS’ postdoctoral training program (TAPS, Traineeship in AIDS Prevention Studies), and does considerable mentoring with TAPS fellows and with early career scientists. She has been directing TAPS and co-directing CAPS since 2000, and working on HIV prevention since 1984.

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    Combination HIV Prevention, Linking Prevention and Care, for Hispanic Men
    NIH/NIMH R01MH109401Feb 17, 2016 - Dec 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Community Mobilization to Improve the HIV/AIDS Continuum of Care Among Black Men
    NIH/NIMH R01MH102171Sep 12, 2013 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Multilevel HIV Prevention Intervention for Young African American Men
    NIH/NIMH R01MH096690Sep 1, 2012 - Jul 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Development of a Multilevel HIV Prevention for Latin American Men
    NIH/NIMH R34MH086330Sep 8, 2010 - May 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A Community-level HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Black Men
    CDC/NCHHSTP UR6PS000334Sep 1, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CDC/NCHHSTP U65PS924898Aug 1, 2005 - Sep 29, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Moving a Research-based Intervention into Practice
    NIH/NIMH R01MH065196Sep 26, 2001 - Jul 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies
    NIH/NIMH P30MH062246Sep 24, 2001 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH/NIMH R01MH046816Apr 1, 1990 - Apr 30, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies
    NIH/NIMH T32MH019105May 1, 1989 - Jun 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Arnold EA, Kegeles SM, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Cornwell SM, Stewart WR, Benjamin M, Weeks J, Lockett G, Smith CD, Operario D. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce HIV-Related Risk in African American Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women: the Bruthas Project. Prev Sci. 2019 Jan; 20(1):115-125. PMID: 30478804.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Tan JY, Campbell CK, Conroy AA, Tabrisky AP, Kegeles S, Dworkin SL. Couple-Level Dynamics and Multilevel Challenges Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Framework of Dyadic HIV Care. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2018 Nov; 32(11):459-467. PMID: 30339464.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Mutchler MG, McDavitt BW, Tran TN, Khoury CE, Ballan E, Tohme J, Kegeles SM, Wagner G. This is who we are: building community for HIV prevention with young gay and bisexual men in Beirut, Lebanon. Cult Health Sex. 2018 Jun; 20(6):690-703. PMID: 28922101.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Carrico AW, Storholm ED, Flentje A, Arnold EA, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Rebchook GM, Peterson JL, Eke A, Johnson W, Kegeles SM. Spirituality/religiosity, substance use, and HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 05 01; 174:106-112. PMID: 28319751.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Daniels J, Maleke K, Lane T, Struthers H, McIntyre J, Kegeles S, Moore A, Coates T. Learning to Live With HIV in the Rural Townships: A Photovoice Study of Men Who Have Sex With Men Living With HIV in Mpumalanga, South Africa. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2017 May - Jun; 28(3):408-421. PMID: 28279587.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Shelley G, Williams W, Uhl G, Hoyte T, Eke A, Wright C, Rebchook G, Pollack L, Bell K, Wang Y, Cheng Q, Kegeles SM. An Evaluation of Mpowerment on Individual-Level HIV Risk Behavior, Testing, and Psychosocial Factors Among Young MSM of Color: The Monitoring and Evaluation of MP (MEM) Project. AIDS Educ Prev. 2017 Feb; 29(1):24-37. PMID: 28195781.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Arnold EA, Weeks J, Benjamin M, Stewart WR, Pollack LM, Kegeles SM, Operario D. Identifying social and economic barriers to regular care and treatment for Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) and who are living with HIV: a qualitative study from the Bruthas cohort. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 01 28; 17(1):90. PMID: 28129757.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Salazar X, Konda K, Silva-Santisteban A, Cáceres C. 'Proyecto Orgullo', an HIV prevention, empowerment and community mobilisation intervention for gay men and transgender women in Callao/Lima, Peru. Glob Public Health. 2016 Aug-Sep; 11(7-8):1076-92. PMID: 27373578.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Arnold EA, Operario D, Cornwell S, Benjamin M, Smith CD, Lockett G, Kegeles SM. The Development of a Counseling-Based HIV Prevention Intervention for African American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: The Bruthas Project. AIDS Educ Prev. 2015 Dec; 27(6):505-21. PMID: 26595264; PMCID: PMC4661787 [Available on 12/01/16].
    10. Kegeles SM, Rebchook G, Tebbetts S, Arnold E. Facilitators and barriers to effective scale-up of an evidence-based multilevel HIV prevention intervention. Implement Sci. 2015 Apr 17; 10:50. PMID: 25889582; PMCID: PMC4405833.
    11. Lane T, Osmand T, Marr A, Shade SB, Dunkle K, Sandfort T, Struthers H, Kegeles S, McIntyre JA. The Mpumalanga Men's Study (MPMS): results of a baseline biological and behavioral HIV surveillance survey in two MSM communities in South Africa. PLoS One. 2014; 9(11):e111063. PMID: 25401785; PMCID: PMC4234301.
    12. Arnold EA, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. 'Triply cursed': racism, homophobia and HIV-related stigma are barriers to regular HIV testing, treatment adherence and disclosure among young Black gay men. Cult Health Sex. 2014 Jun; 16(6):710-22. PMID: 24784224; PMCID: PMC4061253.
    13. Scott HM, Pollack L, Rebchook GM, Huebner DM, Peterson J, Kegeles SM. Peer social support is associated with recent HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2014 May; 18(5):913-20. PMID: 24065436; PMCID: PMC3965658.
    14. Tsai AC, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles SM, Katz IT, Haberer JE, Muzoora C, Kumbakumba E, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Weiser SD. Internalized stigma, social distance, and disclosure of HIV seropositivity in rural Uganda. Ann Behav Med. 2013 Dec; 46(3):285-94. PMID: 23690283.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Huebner DM, Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM, Peterson JL, Neilands TB, Johnson WD, Eke AN. Social oppression, psychological vulnerability, and unprotected intercourse among young Black men who have sex with men. Health Psychol. 2014 Dec; 33(12):1568-78. PMID: 24274807.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kegeles SM, Rebchook G, Pollack L, Huebner D, Tebbetts S, Hamiga J, Sweeney D, Zovod B. An intervention to help community-based organizations implement an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention: the Mpowerment Project technology exchange system. Am J Community Psychol. 2012 Mar; 49(1-2):182-98. PMID: 21691911.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Saleh LD, Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. "We're going to have to cut loose some of our personal beliefs": barriers and opportunities in providing HIV prevention to African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Educ Prev. 2011 Dec; 23(6):521-32. PMID: 22201236.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Foster ML, Arnold E, Rebchook G, Kegeles SM. 'It's my inner strength': spirituality, religion and HIV in the lives of young African American men who have sex with men. Cult Health Sex. 2011 Oct; 13(9):1103-17. PMID: 21824017; PMCID: PMC4475678.
    19. Konda KA, Celentano DD, Kegeles S, Coates TJ, Caceres CF. Latent class analysis of sexual risk patterns among esquineros (street corner men) a group of heterosexually identified, socially marginalized men in urban coastal Peru. AIDS Behav. 2011 May; 15(4):862-8. PMID: 20694510.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Huebner DM, Neilands TB, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. Sorting through chickens and eggs: a longitudinal examination of the associations between attitudes, norms, and sexual risk behavior. Health Psychol. 2011 Jan; 30(1):110-8. PMID: 21299299.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Gibson DR, Zhang G, Cassady D, Pappas L, Mitchell J, Kegeles SM. Effectiveness of HIV prevention social marketing with injecting drug users. Am J Public Health. 2010 Oct; 100(10):1828-30. PMID: 20724686; PMCID: PMC2937000.
    22. Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. The Bruthas Project: evaluation of a community-based HIV prevention intervention for African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Educ Prev. 2010 Feb; 22(1):37-48. PMID: 20166786.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles S, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Frongillo EA. Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco. AIDS Behav. 2009 Oct; 13(5):841-8. PMID: 19644748; PMCID: PMC2758196.
    24. Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. Sexual risk and substance use behaviors among African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Behav. 2011 Apr; 15(3):576-83. PMID: 19572194.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Operario D, Smith CD, Kegeles S. Social and psychological context for HIV risk in non-gay-identified African American men who have sex with men. AIDS Educ Prev. 2008 Aug; 20(4):347-59. PMID: 18673067.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Fernández-Dávila P, Salazar X, Cáceres CF, Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Coates TJ, Martinez J. Compensated Sex and Sexual Risk: Sexual, Social and Economic Interactions between Homosexually- and Heterosexually-Identified Men of Low Income in Two Cities of Peru. Sexualities. 2008 Jun 01; 11(3):352-374. PMID: 19890491.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cáceres CF, Konda KA, Salazar X, Leon SR, Klausner JD, Lescano AG, Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Jones FR, Coates TJ. New populations at high risk of HIV/STIs in low-income, urban coastal Peru. AIDS Behav. 2008 Jul; 12(4):544-51. PMID: 18161019; PMCID: PMC4084620.
    28. Clark JL, Caceres CF, Lescano AG, Konda KA, Leon SR, Jones FR, Kegeles SM, Klausner JD, Coates TJ. Prevalence of same-sex sexual behavior and associated characteristics among low-income urban males in Peru. PLoS One. 2007 Aug 22; 2(8):e778. PMID: 17712426; PMCID: PMC1945085.
    29. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Formative study conducted in five countries to adapt the community popular opinion leader intervention. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S91-S98.
    30. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Sexually transmitted disease and HIV prevalence and risk factors in concentrated and generalized HIV epidemic settings. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S81-S90.
    31. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Selection of populations represented in the NIMH collaborative HIV/STD prevention trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):19-28.
    32. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Methodological overview of a five-country community level HIV/STD prevention trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):19-28.
    33. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru project site).Design and integration of ethnography within an International HIV/STD behavior change prevention trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S37-S48.
    34. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).The feasibility of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing in international settings. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S49-S58.
    35. Fernandez-Davila P, Maiorana A, Salazar X, Cceres C, Kegeles S, Coates T, NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group.Construccin social de la sexualidad en dos grupos de hombres que tienen sexo con otros hombres (HSH) de barrios pobres de dos ciudades del Per (Social construction of sexuality in two groups of men who have sex with other men [MSM] in poor neighborhoods in two Peruvian cities). Sexualidades. 2007; (1):2-19.
    36. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Ethical issues in the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S69-S80.
    37. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Challenges and process of selecting outcome measures for the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):29-36.
    38. Villacorta V, Kegeles S, Galea J, Konda KA, Cuba JP, Palacios CF, Coates TJ. Innovative approaches to cohort retention in a community-based HIV/STI prevention trial for socially marginalized Peruvian young adults. Clin Trials. 2007; 4(1):32-41. PMID: 17327244; PMCID: PMC2853960.
    39. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).The community popular opinion leader HIV prevention program: Conceptual basis and intervention procedures. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S59-S68.
    40. The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site).Role of data safety and monitoring board in an international trial. AIDS. 2007; 21(S2):S99-S102.
    41. Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Fernandez P, Salazar X, Cáceres C, Sandoval C, Rosasco AM, Coates T. Implementation and evaluation of an HIV/STD intervention in Peru. Eval Program Plann. 2007 Feb; 30(1):82-93. PMID: 17689315; PMCID: PMC2739095.
    42. Kegeles SM, Johnson MO, Strauss RP, Ralston B, Hays RB, Metzger DS, McLellan-Lemal E, MacQueen KM. How should HIV vaccine efficacy trials be conducted? Diverse U.S. communities speak out. AIDS Educ Prev. 2006 Dec; 18(6):560-72. PMID: 17166081.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Salazar X, Cáceres C, Maiorana A, Rosasco AM, Kegeles S, Coates T. [Influence of socio-cultural context on risk perception and negotiation of protection among poor homosexual males on the Peruvian coast]. Cad Saude Publica. 2006 Oct; 22(10):2097-104. PMID: 16951881.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM, Huebner D. Translating research into practice: the dissemination and initial implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program. AIDS Educ Prev. 2006 Aug; 18(4 Suppl A):119-36. PMID: 16987094.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM. Challenges and facilitators to building program evaluation capacity among community-based organizations. AIDS Educ Prev. 2005 Aug; 17(4):284-99. PMID: 16178701.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Salazar X, Cáceres C, Rosasco A, Kegeles S, Maiorana A, Gárate M, Coates T. Vulnerability and sexual risks: Vagos and vaguitas in a low income town in Perú. Cult Health Sex. 2005 Jul-Aug; 7(4):375-87. PMID: 16864210.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Huebner DM, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. A longitudinal study of the association between treatment optimism and sexual risk behavior in young adult gay and bisexual men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Dec 01; 37(4):1514-9. PMID: 15602130; PMCID: PMC4475680.
    48. Huebner DM, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. Experiences of harassment, discrimination, and physical violence among young gay and bisexual men. Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul; 94(7):1200-3. PMID: 15226143; PMCID: PMC1448421.
    49. Snead J, Downing M, Lorvick J, Garcia B, Thawley R, Kegeles S, Edlin BR. Secondary syringe exchange among injection drug users. J Urban Health. 2003 Jun; 80(2):330-48. PMID: 12791808; PMCID: PMC3456273.
    50. Hays RB, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. The Mpowerment Project: community-building with young gay and bisexual men to prevent HIV1. Am J Community Psychol. 2003 Jun; 31(3-4):301-12. PMID: 12866687.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Choi KH, Han CS, Hudes ES, Kegeles S. Unprotected sex and associated risk factors among young Asian and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men. AIDS Educ Prev. 2002 Dec; 14(6):472-81. PMID: 12512848.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Peacock B, Eyre SL, Quinn SK, Kegeles SM.Delineating differences: Sub-communities in the San Francisco gay community. Culture, Health and Society. 2001; (3):183-201.
    53. Choi K, Kumekawa E, Dang Q, Kegeles SM, Hays RB, Stall R.Risk and protective factors affecting sexual behavior among young Asian and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men: Implications for HIV prevention. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy. 1999; (24):47-55.
    54. Jinich S, Paul JP, Stall R, Acree M, Kegeles SM, Hoff C, Coates TJ.Childhood sexual abuse and HIV risk-taking behavior among gay and bisexual men. AIDS and Behavior. 1998; (2):41-52.
    55. Hays RB, Paul J, Ekstrand M, Kegeles SM, Stall R, Coates TJ.Should HIV prevention strategies for young gay men be different for HIV-negative, HIV-positive, and untested men?. AIDS. 1997; 1(11):1495-1502.
    56. Catania JA, Coates TJ, Greenblatt RM, Dolcini MM, Kegeles SM.Predictors of condom use and multiple partnered sex among sexually active adolescent women: Implications for AIDS-related health interventions. The Journal of Sex Research. 1989; (26):514-524.
    57. Dolcini MM, Cohn LD, Adler NE, Millstein SG, Irwin CE, Jr., Kegeles SM, Stone G.Adolescent egocentrism and feelings of invulnerability: Are they related?. Journal of Early Adolescence. 1989; (9):409-418.
    58. Kegeles SM, Millstein SG, Adler NE, Irwin CE, Jr., Cohn L, Dolcini P, Pollack L, Stone G.The transition to sexual activity and its relationship to other risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health Care. 1987; (8):303.
    59. Adler NE, Irwin CE & Kegeles SM.Contraceptive decision-making in adolescence: Test of a rational model. Adolescent Health Care. 1986; (7):298.