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Amy Conroy, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-476-6021
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-0609-5077 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California San FranciscoPostdoctoral Fellowship in AIDS Prevention Studies2016Center for AIDS Prevention Studies
    University of Colorado DenverPh.D.2013Health and Behavioral Sciences
    University of Colorado DenverM.P.H.2008Public Health
    University of IowaB.S.E.2002Biomedical Engineering

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I am a behavioral scientist with multidisciplinary training from the fields of public health, psychology, anthropology, and sociology. Broadly, my research seeks to understand and intervene upon health behaviors related to HIV/AIDS, alcohol consumption, mental health, and intimate partner violence within international and domestic settings. Specifically, I am interested in dyadic aspects of health within heterosexual and same-sex couples. My research is grounded in theory from the field of relationship science, and employs mixed-methods and innovative dyadic analysis techniques (qualitative and quantitative) to understand couple-level health behavior. My primary line of research takes place in southern Africa (Malawi and South Africa) and aims to understand how relationship factors and primary partners impact engagement in HIV care and treatment. We are currently in the process of translating the findings into an economic and relationship-strengthening intervention for HIV-affected couples who drink alcohol, to ultimately improve relationship functioning and mental/physical health. I am also involved in other global health projects including an RCT of a couple-based intervention to increase uptake of couples' testing for HIV in South Africa and the Adolescent Shamba Maisha study in Kenya, which examines the impact of an agricultural livelihood intervention on young adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health, and parent-child relationships. Finally, my research leverages data from the Women's Interagency HIV/AIDS Study (now called the MACS/WIHS Combined Cohort Study) to examine how gender-based violence impacts food insecurity and HIV treatment outcomes in an effort to develop effective, trauma-informed health interventions for vulnerable U.S. women.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    An economic and relationship-strengthening intervention for HIV-affected couples who drink alcohol in Malawi
    NIH/NIAAA R34AA027983Aug 15, 2019 - Jul 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Relationship Factors and Engagement in HIV Care in Malawi: A Dyadic Investigation
    NIH/NIMH K01MH107331Feb 5, 2016 - Jan 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Relationship Power and HIV Testing Behavior in Malawi
    NIH/NIMH F31MH093260Nov 16, 2010 - Nov 15, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Global Health

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Conroy AA, Ruark A, Tan JY. Re-conceptualising gender and power relations for sexual and reproductive health: contrasting narratives of tradition, unity, and rights. Cult Health Sex. 2019 Oct 21; 1-17. PMID: 31633456.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Conroy AA, Ruark A, McKenna SA, Tan JY, Darbes LA, Hahn JA, Mkandawire J. The Unaddressed Needs of Alcohol-Using Couples on Antiretroviral Therapy in Malawi: Formative Research on Multilevel Interventions. AIDS Behav. 2019 Aug 27. PMID: 31456201.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Tuthill EL, Neilands TB, Johnson MO, Sauceda J, Mkandawire J, Conroy AA. A Dyadic Investigation of Relationship Dynamics and Depressive Symptoms in HIV-Affected Couples in Malawi. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jul 04. PMID: 31273489.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Hatcher AM, Hofstedler LL, Doria K, Dworkin SL, Weke E, Conroy A, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Weiser SD. Mechanisms and perceived mental health changes after a livelihood intervention for HIV-positive Kenyans: Longitudinal, qualitative findings. Transcult Psychiatry. 2019 Jun 26; 1363461519858446. PMID: 31242065.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Diamond-Smith N, Conroy AA, Tsai AC, Nekkanti M, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and intimate partner violence among married women in Nepal. J Glob Health. 2019 Jun; 9(1):010412. PMID: 30774941.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Conroy AA, Cohen MH, Frongillo EA, Tsai AC, Wilson TE, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Merenstein D, Ofotokun I, Metsch L, Kempf MC, Adedimeji A, Turan JM, Tien PC, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and violence in a prospective cohort of women at risk for or living with HIV in the U.S. PLoS One. 2019; 14(3):e0213365. PMID: 30840700.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Tan, J. Pratto, F. Conroy, A. Lee, I.Leveraging Power in Intimate Partner Relationships: A Power Basis Perspective. In C. Agnew & J. Harman (Eds.), Power in Close Relationships (Advances in Personal Relationships, pp. 72-85). 2019.
    8. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Ruark A. Couple Interdependence Impacts Alcohol Use and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Malawi. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan; 23(1):201-210. PMID: 30218319.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Woolf-King SE, Conroy AA, Fritz K, Johnson MO, Hosegood V, van Rooyen H, Darbes L, McGrath N. Alcohol use and relationship quality among South African couples. Subst Use Misuse. 2019; 54(4):651-660. PMID: 30407888.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Tan JY, Campbell CK, Conroy AA, Tabrisky AP, Kegeles S, Dworkin SL. Couple-Level Dynamics and Multilevel Challenges Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Framework of Dyadic HIV Care. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2018 11; 32(11):459-467. PMID: 30339464.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Comfort ML, Darbes LA, Tan JY, Mkandawire J. Marital infidelity, food insecurity, and couple instability: A web of challenges for dyadic coordination around antiretroviral therapy. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Oct; 214:110-117. PMID: 30172140.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Tan JY, Campbell CK, Tabrisky AP, Siedle-Khan R, Conroy AA. A Conceptual Model of Dyadic Coordination in HIV Care Engagement Among Couples of Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Qualitative Dyadic Analysis. AIDS Behav. 2018 Aug; 22(8):2584-2592. PMID: 29464429.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Leddy A, Johnson MO, Ngubane T, Darbes LA, van Rooyen H. "If She is Drunk, I Don't Want Her to Take it": Partner Beliefs and Influence on Use of Alcohol and Antiretroviral Therapy in South African Couples. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jul; 21(7):1885-1891. PMID: 28150121.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Conroy A, Leddy A, Johnson M, Ngubane T, van Rooyen H, Darbes L. 'I told her this is your life': relationship dynamics, partner support and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among South African couples. Cult Health Sex. 2017 Nov; 19(11):1239-1253. PMID: 28398134.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Conroy AA, Dilworth SE, Lisha N, Taylor JM, Darbes LA, Johnson MO. A longitudinal study of persistent smoking among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in primary relationships. Addict Behav. 2017 03; 66:118-124. PMID: 27930901.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Conroy AA, Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Sauceda JA, Darbes LA, Dilworth SE, Taylor JM, Johnson MO. Partner Reports of HIV Viral Suppression Predict Sexual Behavior in Serodiscordant Male Couples. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 10 01; 73(2):e31-3. PMID: 27367791.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Conroy AA, Tsai AC, Clark GM, Boum Y, Hatcher AM, Kawuma A, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. Relationship Power and Sexual Violence Among HIV-Positive Women in Rural Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2016 09; 20(9):2045-53. PMID: 27052844.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Conroy AA, Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Darbes LA, Johnson MO. Relationship Dynamics and Partner Beliefs About Viral Suppression: A Longitudinal Study of Male Couples Living with HIV/AIDS (The Duo Project). AIDS Behav. 2016 07; 20(7):1572-83. PMID: 27150895.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Conroy AA, McGrath N, van Rooyen H, Hosegood V, Johnson MO, Fritz K, Marr A, Ngubane T, Darbes LA. Power and the association with relationship quality in South African couples: Implications for HIV/AIDS interventions. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Mar; 153:1-11. PMID: 26859436.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Conroy AA, Wong LH. How reliable are self-reports of HIV status disclosure? Evidence from couples in Malawi. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Nov; 144:28-37. PMID: 26379084.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Conroy AA, Chilungo A. Male victims of sexual violence in rural Malawi: the overlooked association with HIV infection. AIDS Care. 2014; 26(12):1576-80. PMID: 24992179.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Conroy AA. Marital infidelity and intimate partner violence in rural Malawi: a dyadic investigation. Arch Sex Behav. 2014 Oct; 43(7):1303-14. PMID: 24789050.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Conroy AA. The influence of relationship power dynamics on HIV testing in rural Malawi. J Sex Res. 2015; 52(3):347-59. PMID: 24670263.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Conroy AA. 'It means there is doubt in the house': perceptions and experiences of HIV testing in rural Malawi. Cult Health Sex. 2014; 16(4):397-411. PMID: 24580127.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Haukoos JS, Campbell JD, Conroy AA, Hopkins E, Bucossi MM, Sasson C, Al-Tayyib AA, Thrun MW. Programmatic cost evaluation of nontargeted opt-out rapid HIV screening in the emergency department. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e81565. PMID: 24391706.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Conroy AA. Gender, power, and intimate partner violence: a study on couples from rural Malawi. J Interpers Violence. 2014 Mar; 29(5):866-88. PMID: 24227592.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Conroy A, Yeatman S, Dovel K. The social construction of AIDS during a time of evolving access to antiretroviral therapy in rural Malawi. Cult Health Sex. 2013; 15(8):924-37. PMID: 23705846.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Conroy, Amy A.Gender, Relationship Power, and HIV Testing in Rural Malawi. PhD Dissertation, University of Colorado, Denver: Proquest/UMI. 2013.
    29. Yeatman S, Dovel K, Conroy A, Namadingo H. HIV treatment optimism and its predictors among young adults in southern Malawi. AIDS Care. 2013 Aug; 25(8):1018-25. PMID: 23227888.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Haukoos JS, Hopkins E, Conroy AA, Silverman M, Byyny RL, Eisert S, Thrun MW, Wilson ML, Hutchinson AB, Forsyth J, Johnson SC, Heffelfinger JD. Routine opt-out rapid HIV screening and detection of HIV infection in emergency department patients. JAMA. 2010 Jul 21; 304(3):284-92. PMID: 20639562.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Haukoos JS, Hopkins E, Byyny RL, Conroy AA, Silverman M, Eisert S, Thrun M, Wilson M, Boyett B, Heffelfinger JD. Design and implementation of a controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of routine opt-out rapid human immunodeficiency virus screening in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 16(8):800-8. PMID: 19673717.
      View in: PubMed