Amy Conroy, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-6021
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-0609-5077 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California San FranciscoPostdoctoral Fellowship in AIDS Prevention StudiesCenter for AIDS Prevention Studies
    University of Colorado DenverPh.D.Health and Behavioral Sciences
    University of Colorado DenverM.P.H.Public Health
    University of IowaB.S.E.Biomedical Engineering
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    UCSF Center for AIDS Research (CFAR)2013  - 2014Mentored Scientist Award in HIV/AIDS Research
    UCSF Center for AIDS Research (CFAR)2017  - 2018CFAR Extension Award in HIV/AIDS Research
    UCSF Center for AIDS Research (CFAR)2019  - 2020Mentored Scientist Award in HIV/AIDS Research
    UCSF Center for AIDS Research (CFAR)2021  - 2021CFAR Early-Career Excellence Award in Socio-Behavioral Research

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I am a behavioral scientist with multidisciplinary training from the fields of public health, psychology, anthropology, and sociology. Broadly, my research seeks to understand and intervene upon health behaviors related to HIV/AIDS, cardiometabolic disorders, alcohol consumption, mental health, and intimate partner violence. Specifically, I am interested in dyadic aspects of health within heterosexual and same-sex couples. My research is grounded in theory from the field of relationship science, and employs mixed-methods and dyadic analysis techniques to understand couple-level health behavior. The majority of my research takes place in southern Africa and builds off a K01 career development award to understand how relationship dynamics impact engagement in HIV care and treatment, which led to three follow-up studies. The first two studies aim to develop and evaluate couple-based approaches to reduce heavy alcohol use in South Africa and in Malawi. The third study is an observational cohort study in Malawi with couples living with HIV and cardiometabolic disorders to inform a model of multimorbidity disease management. I am also involved in other global health projects including an RCT of a couple-based intervention to increase engagement in HIV treatment in South Africa and the Adolescent Shamba Maisha study in Kenya. Finally, my research leverages data from the Women's Interagency HIV/AIDS Study (now called the MACS/WIHS Combined Cohort Study) to examine how gender-based violence impacts food insecurity and HIV treatment outcomes to develop trauma-informed health interventions for U.S. women. My program of research is funded by a diverse set of NIH institutes including the NIMH, NIAAA, NHLBI, and NIAID, and has led to over 30 publications (20 of which are first-authored).
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Couple-Based Motivational Interviewing with Technology to Reduce Alcohol Consumption in HIV+ South African Couples
    NIH R34AA029649Sep 20, 2021 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Dyadic management of HIV cardiometabolic comorbidities among couples in Malawi
    NIH R01HL153343Sep 20, 2020 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HIV prevention and care for couples in South Africa
    NIH R01MH123392Jul 3, 2020 - Apr 30, 2025
    Role: Co-Investigator
    An economic and relationship-strengthening intervention for HIV-affected couples who drink alcohol in Malawi
    NIH R34AA027983Aug 15, 2019 - Jul 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Assessing the preliminary effects of a multisectoral agricultural intervention on the sexual and reproductive health of HIV-affected adolescent girls
    NIH R21HD095739Sep 12, 2018 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Relationship Factors and Engagement in HIV Care in Malawi: A Dyadic Investigation
    NIH K01MH107331Feb 5, 2016 - Jan 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Relationship Power and HIV Testing Behavior in Malawi
    NIH F31MH093260Nov 16, 2010 - Nov 15, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Faculty Mentoring

    Collapse Featured Content 
    Collapse Global Health Equity

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Development and Validation of the Couple Sexual Satisfaction Scale for HIV and Sexual Health Research. Arch Sex Behav. 2021 Oct 05. Conroy AA, Ruark A, Neilands TB, Darbes LA, Johnson MO, Tan JY, Mkandawire J. PMID: 34609644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Intersections of food insecurity, violence, poor mental health and substance use among US women living with and at risk for HIV: Evidence of a syndemic in need of attention. PLoS One. 2021; 16(5):e0252338. Leddy AM, Zakaras JM, Shieh J, Conroy AA, Ofotokun I, Tien PC, Weiser SD. PMID: 34038490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. "I Found Out I was Pregnant, and I Started Feeling Stressed": A Longitudinal Qualitative Perspective of Mental Health Experiences Among Perinatal Women Living with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2021 May 16. Tuthill EL, Maltby AE, Odhiambo BC, Akama E, Pellowski JA, Cohen CR, Weiser SD, Conroy AA. PMID: 33997940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Bidirectional Violence Is Associated with Poor Engagement in HIV Care and Treatment in Malawian Couples. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Sep 18; 886260520959632. Conroy AA, Leddy AM, Darbes LA, Neilands TB, Mkandawire J, Stephenson R. PMID: 32946327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    5. The Unaddressed Needs of Alcohol-Using Couples on Antiretroviral Therapy in Malawi: Formative Research on Multilevel Interventions. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jun; 24(6):1599-1611. Conroy AA, Ruark A, McKenna SA, Tan JY, Darbes LA, Hahn JA, Mkandawire J. PMID: 31456201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. A Dyadic Investigation of Relationship Dynamics and Depressive Symptoms in HIV-Affected Couples in Malawi. AIDS Behav. 2019 Dec; 23(12):3435-3443. Tuthill EL, Neilands TB, Johnson MO, Sauceda J, Mkandawire J, Conroy AA. PMID: 31273489.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Re-conceptualising gender and power relations for sexual and reproductive health: contrasting narratives of tradition, unity, and rights. Cult Health Sex. 2020 04; 22(sup1):48-64. Conroy AA, Ruark A, Tan JY. PMID: 31633456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    8. Mechanisms and perceived mental health changes after a livelihood intervention for HIV-positive Kenyans: Longitudinal, qualitative findings. Transcult Psychiatry. 2020 02; 57(1):124-139. Hatcher AM, Lemus Hufstedler E, Doria K, Dworkin SL, Weke E, Conroy A, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Weiser SD. PMID: 31242065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Food insecurity and intimate partner violence among married women in Nepal. J Glob Health. 2019 Jun; 9(1):010412. Diamond-Smith N, Conroy AA, Tsai AC, Nekkanti M, Weiser SD. PMID: 30774941.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Food insecurity and violence in a prospective cohort of women at risk for or living with HIV in the U.S. PLoS One. 2019; 14(3):e0213365. Conroy AA, Cohen MH, Frongillo EA, Tsai AC, Wilson TE, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Merenstein D, Ofotokun I, Metsch L, Kempf MC, Adedimeji A, Turan JM, Tien PC, Weiser SD. PMID: 30840700.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Leveraging Power in Intimate Partner Relationships: A Power Basis Perspective. In C. Agnew & J. Harman (Eds.), Power in Close Relationships (Advances in Personal Relationships, pp. 72-85). 2019.
    12. Couple Interdependence Impacts Alcohol Use and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Malawi. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan; 23(1):201-210. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Ruark A. PMID: 30218319.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Alcohol use and relationship quality among South African couples. Subst Use Misuse. 2019; 54(4):651-660. Woolf-King SE, Conroy AA, Fritz K, Johnson MO, Hosegood V, van Rooyen H, Darbes L, McGrath N. PMID: 30407888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Couple-Level Dynamics and Multilevel Challenges Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Framework of Dyadic HIV Care. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2018 11; 32(11):459-467. Tan JY, Campbell CK, Conroy AA, Tabrisky AP, Kegeles S, Dworkin SL. PMID: 30339464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Marital infidelity, food insecurity, and couple instability: A web of challenges for dyadic coordination around antiretroviral therapy. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Oct; 214:110-117. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Comfort ML, Darbes LA, Tan JY, Mkandawire J. PMID: 30172140.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. A Conceptual Model of Dyadic Coordination in HIV Care Engagement Among Couples of Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Qualitative Dyadic Analysis. AIDS Behav. 2018 Aug; 22(8):2584-2592. Tan JY, Campbell CK, Tabrisky AP, Siedle-Khan R, Conroy AA. PMID: 29464429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. "If She is Drunk, I Don't Want Her to Take it": Partner Beliefs and Influence on Use of Alcohol and Antiretroviral Therapy in South African Couples. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jul; 21(7):1885-1891. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Leddy A, Johnson MO, Ngubane T, Darbes LA, van Rooyen H. PMID: 28150121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. 'I told her this is your life': relationship dynamics, partner support and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among South African couples. Cult Health Sex. 2017 Nov; 19(11):1239-1253. Conroy A, Leddy A, Johnson M, Ngubane T, van Rooyen H, Darbes L. PMID: 28398134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. A longitudinal study of persistent smoking among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in primary relationships. Addict Behav. 2017 03; 66:118-124. Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Conroy AA, Dilworth SE, Lisha N, Taylor JM, Darbes LA, Johnson MO. PMID: 27930901.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Partner Reports of HIV Viral Suppression Predict Sexual Behavior in Serodiscordant Male Couples. . 2016 10 01; 73(2):e31-3. Conroy AA, Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Sauceda JA, Darbes LA, Dilworth SE, Taylor JM, Johnson MO. PMID: 27367791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Relationship Power and Sexual Violence Among HIV-Positive Women in Rural Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2016 09; 20(9):2045-53. Conroy AA, Tsai AC, Clark GM, Boum Y, Hatcher AM, Kawuma A, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. PMID: 27052844.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Relationship Dynamics and Partner Beliefs About Viral Suppression: A Longitudinal Study of Male Couples Living with HIV/AIDS (The Duo Project). AIDS Behav. 2016 07; 20(7):1572-83. Conroy AA, Gamarel KE, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Darbes LA, Johnson MO. PMID: 27150895.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Power and the association with relationship quality in South African couples: Implications for HIV/AIDS interventions. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Mar; 153:1-11. Conroy AA, McGrath N, van Rooyen H, Hosegood V, Johnson MO, Fritz K, Marr A, Ngubane T, Darbes LA. PMID: 26859436.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. How reliable are self-reports of HIV status disclosure? Evidence from couples in Malawi. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Nov; 144:28-37. Conroy AA, Wong LH. PMID: 26379084.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Male victims of sexual violence in rural Malawi: the overlooked association with HIV infection. AIDS Care. 2014; 26(12):1576-80. Conroy AA, Chilungo A. PMID: 24992179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Marital infidelity and intimate partner violence in rural Malawi: a dyadic investigation. Arch Sex Behav. 2014 Oct; 43(7):1303-14. Conroy AA. PMID: 24789050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. The influence of relationship power dynamics on HIV testing in rural Malawi. J Sex Res. 2015; 52(3):347-59. Conroy AA. PMID: 24670263.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. 'It means there is doubt in the house': perceptions and experiences of HIV testing in rural Malawi. Cult Health Sex. 2014; 16(4):397-411. Conroy AA. PMID: 24580127.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Programmatic cost evaluation of nontargeted opt-out rapid HIV screening in the emergency department. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e81565. Haukoos JS, Campbell JD, Conroy AA, Hopkins E, Bucossi MM, Sasson C, Al-Tayyib AA, Thrun MW, Denver ED HIV Opt-Out Study Group . PMID: 24391706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    30. Gender, power, and intimate partner violence: a study on couples from rural Malawi. J Interpers Violence. 2014 Mar; 29(5):866-88. Conroy AA. PMID: 24227592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. The social construction of AIDS during a time of evolving access to antiretroviral therapy in rural Malawi. Cult Health Sex. 2013; 15(8):924-37. Conroy A, Yeatman S, Dovel K. PMID: 23705846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Gender, Relationship Power, and HIV Testing in Rural Malawi. PhD Dissertation, University of Colorado, Denver: Proquest/UMI. 2013.
    33. HIV treatment optimism and its predictors among young adults in southern Malawi. AIDS Care. 2013 Aug; 25(8):1018-25. Yeatman S, Dovel K, Conroy A, Namadingo H. PMID: 23227888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Routine opt-out rapid HIV screening and detection of HIV infection in emergency department patients. JAMA. 2010 Jul 21; 304(3):284-92. Haukoos JS, Hopkins E, Conroy AA, Silverman M, Byyny RL, Eisert S, Thrun MW, Wilson ML, Hutchinson AB, Forsyth J, Johnson SC, Heffelfinger JD, Denver Emergency Department HIV Opt-Out Study Group . PMID: 20639562.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    35. Design and implementation of a controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of routine opt-out rapid human immunodeficiency virus screening in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 16(8):800-8. Haukoos JS, Hopkins E, Byyny RL, Conroy AA, Silverman M, Eisert S, Thrun M, Wilson M, Boyett B, Heffelfinger JD, Denver ED HIV Opt-Out Study Group . PMID: 19673717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
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