Emily Arnold, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th Street, #3164
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-502-1000 ext. 14610
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-3968-9100 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Wesleyan UniversityBA1996College of Social Studies
    Columbia UniversityMA2000Sociomedical Sciences (Anthropology)
    Columbia UniversityPhD2004Sociomedical Sciences (Anthropology)
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral Fellowship2007Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco2021Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My research interests lie at the intersections of culture and health behavior, particularly as this relates to gender, sexuality, and HIV-related risk behavior. Much of my work has been concerned with sexual culture among gay and bisexual men, and its influence on sexual identity, sexual behavior, and HIV-related risk practices. I am also interested in identifying culturally appropriate HIV prevention intervention mechanisms to reach young gay and bisexual men. Over the past several years, I have also become committed to using community collaborative research approaches to alleviate health disparities, particularly those impacting ethnic and sexual minority communities. Building on my interest in teaching and mentoring, I have also become formally involved in the Visiting Professors program at CAPS, which is supported through several R25 training mechanisms, and is devoted to alleviating health disparities by broadening the pipeline of scholars from marginalized communities who are able to conduct rigorous research.

    One of my primary research agendas has been related to examining social networks and social support in the ballroom community, which consists of family-like houses, in the Bay Area. With additional quantitative training I obtained through my K award, I have explored the implications that houses and gay families, operationalized as social networks, may have on the provision of social support for young African American gay and bisexual men and its association with HIV-related risk behavior. This innovative project consisted of a two year ethnographic study to provide the foundation for the development of population-specific measures of social networks and social support, which were then fielded in a cross sectional quantitative survey in the final phase of the study. The ballroom community offers HIV prevention researchers and interventionists a unique and culturally appropriate avenue for reaching young African American gay and bisexual men, building on indigenous forms of social support already circulating through social networks in the community.

    Another area of research involves the development and testing of HIV prevention interventions for African American men who have sex with men (MSM), including those who do not necessarily identify as gay. I am currently the Principal Investigator on a NIMH R01 to rigorously test such an intervention using a randomized controlled trial. Together with CAL-PEP, a community-based organization in Oakland, we have developed the Bruthas Project, a four session counseling intervention for African American men who have sex with men and women (MSM/W). As part of the randomized controlled trial, we have recruited 400 African American MSM/W across the Bay Area, 200 of whom receive the Bruthas Project intervention, 200 of whom receive standard HIV testing and counseling. The men are followed over 9 months, with assessments at baseline, 3 months and 6 months follow-up. We hope to demonstrate that men enrolled in the Bruthas Project have less HIV-related sexual risk behavior and more regular HIV testing than men enrolled in the control group. We have also recently been funded to explore the unique issues facing HIV positive men in our cohort, to learn about their experiences with accessing and remaining engaged in care, so that we may be able to develop additional sessions to support healthy practices for those men who are already diagnosed with HIV.

    In recent years, I have become interested in issues pertaining to health care systems through my work with the AIDS Policy Research Center at CAPS, particularly focusing on publicly-funded sources of healthcare insurance for the poor and chronically underserved. As part of examining the impact of the Affordable Care Act on the accessibility of HIV-specialty care and treatment for low income individuals living with HIV in the State of California, we conducted a qualitative study of healthcare providers, county-level adminstrators, case workers, and people living with HIV to ascertain facilitators and barriers to remaining in care. This work was recently published in PLoS One. We are currently engaged in a follow up study examining a health insurance premium payment program for low income people with HIV which is administered by the State Office of AIDS. This is also a qualitative study and we will be broadly disseminating findings from this evaluation to policy makers, advocates, as well as other policy researchers throughout the State of California.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Increasing COVID Vaccine Demand in Disproportionately Impacted Bay Area Communities
    Centers for Disease Control U48DP006374 (Supplement)May 14, 2021 - May 13, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Northern California HIV/AIDS Policy Research Center
    California HIV/AIDS Research Program (CHRP) H21PC3238Feb 1, 2021 - Jan 31, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Bruthas Project
    NIH R01MH090899Aug 1, 2010 - Jul 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Social Networks and Social Support among High Risk African American Men
    NIH K01MH077489Aug 1, 2007 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Point-of-care urine tenofovir test predicts future HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis discontinuation among young users. AIDS. 2024 Jun 21. Martinson T, Montoya R, Moreira C, Kuncze K, Sassaman K, Heise MJ, Glidden DV, Amico KR, Arnold EA, Buchbinder SP, Ewart LD, Carrico A, Wang G, Okochi H, Scott HM, Gandhi M, Spinelli MA. PMID: 38905507.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Care challenges and silver linings in HIV and behavioral health service delivery for individuals living with HIV and severe mental illness during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2024 May 31; 24(1):690. Dahiya P, Riano NS, Dilley JW, Olfson M, Cournos F, Mangurian C, Arnold EA. PMID: 38822307; PMCID: PMC11143645.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    3. How do we understand the value of drug checking as a component of harm reduction services? A qualitative exploration of client and provider perspectives. Harm Reduct J. 2024 May 11; 21(1):92. Moran L, Ondocsin J, Outram S, Ciccarone D, Werb D, Holm N, Arnold EA. PMID: 38734643; PMCID: PMC11088080.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. A Co-Created Tool to Help Counter Health Misinformation for Spanish-Speaking Communities in the San Francisco Bay Area. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2024 Mar 02; 21(3). Abascal Miguel L, Maiorana A, Saggese GSR, Campbell CK, Bourdeau B, Arnold EA. PMID: 38541294; PMCID: PMC10970482.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    5. A guaranteed income intervention to improve the health and financial well-being of low-income black emerging adults: study protocol for the Black Economic Equity Movement randomized controlled crossover trial. Front Public Health. 2023; 11:1271194. Lippman SA, Libby MK, Nakphong MK, Arons A, Balanoff M, Mocello AR, Arnold EA, Shade SB, Qurashi F, Downing A, Moore A, Dow WH, Lightfoot MA. PMID: 38026401; PMCID: PMC10658785.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    6. Am I going to have to run to get out of this place?” Experiences of HIV clinical and service providers in California regions heavily impacted by climate disaster: a qualitative study. PLoS Climate. 2023. Moran, L, Fuller, SM, Joshi, S, Outram, S, Koester, KA, Steward, WT, Arnold, EA. View Publication.
    7. Examining the Impact of State-Level Factors on HIV Testing for Medicaid Enrollees With Schizophrenia. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2023 09 01; 94(1):18-27. Thomas MD, Vittinghoff E, Koester KA, Dahiya P, Riano NS, Cournos F, Dawson L, Olfson M, Pinals DA, Crystal S, Walkup J, Shade S, Mangurian C, Arnold EA. PMID: 37229531; PMCID: PMC10524352.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Acceptability of the LetSync App Wireframes for an mHealth Intervention to Improve HIV Care Engagement and Treatment Among Black Partnered Sexual Minority Men: Findings from In-Depth Qualitative Interviews. JMIR Form Res. 2023 Aug 25; 7:e43676. Becker N, Kim HC, Bright DJ, Williams Iii R, Anguera JA, Arnold EA, Saberi P, Neilands TB, Pollack LM, Tan JY. PMID: 37624634; PMCID: PMC10492169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Insights from Drug Checking Programs: Practicing Bootstrap Public Health Whilst Tailoring to Local Drug User Needs. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 05 30; 20(11). Ondocsin J, Ciccarone D, Moran L, Outram S, Werb D, Thomas L, Arnold EA. PMID: 37297603; PMCID: PMC10252652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    10. Extreme weather events and HIV: development of a conceptual framework through qualitative interviews with people with HIV impacted by the California wildfires and their clinicians. BMC Public Health. 2023 05 25; 23(1):950. Saberi P, Ming K, Arnold EA, Leddy AM, Weiser SD. PMID: 37231393; PMCID: PMC10209556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Ethical Dilemmas Facing Substance Use Counselors During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Subst Abuse. 2023; 17:11782218231158338. McCuistian C, Fokuo JK, Dumoit Smith J, Sorensen JL, Arnold EA. PMID: 36923068; PMCID: PMC10008725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. Characteristics and Trends in HIV Testing Among Medicaid Enrollees Diagnosed as Having Schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 2023 Jul 01; 74(7):709-717. Walkup J, Thomas MD, Vittinghoff E, Hermida R, Crystal S, Arnold EA, Dahiya P, Olfson M, Cournos F, Dawson L, Dilley J, Bazazi A, Mangurian C. PMID: 36852552; PMCID: PMC10329993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Socio-Ecological Influences on HIV Care Engagement: Perspectives of Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men Living with HIV in the Southern US. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2023 08; 10(4):1798-1808. Sterrett-Hong EM, Crosby R, Johnson M, Jennings Mayo-Wilson L, Arroyo C, Machinga R, Brewer R, Srivastava A, Smith A, Arnold E. PMID: 35976604; PMCID: PMC9383690.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. The innovative use of qualitative and mixed methods research to advance improvements along the HIV prevention and care continua. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2022 03 01; 17(2):106-111. Arnold EA, Campbell CK, Koester KA. PMID: 35067594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Impacts of COVID-19 on HIV/AIDS-Related Services in California. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2022 Jan-Dec; 21:23259582221128500. Koester KA, Fuller SM, Steward WT, Arnold EA. PMID: 36214179; PMCID: PMC9551343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. We are Family: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study of an HIV Prevention Intervention With the House Ball and Gay Family Communities. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021 12 15; 88(S1):S6-S11. Arnold EA, Saberi P, Wong JO, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Benjamin M, Lockett G, Kegeles SM. PMID: 34757987; PMCID: PMC8579983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Non-parental Adults and Sexual Health Behaviors Among Young Minority Men: A Qualitative Examination. Front Psychol. 2021; 12:598120. Sterrett-Hong EM, DeBow J, Caton E, Harris M, Brewer R, Roberts E, Marchal M, Tauzer M, Arnold EA. PMID: 35027894; PMCID: PMC8751617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    18. Study protocol: a pilot randomised waitlist-controlled trial of a dyadic mobile health intervention for black sexual-minority male couples with HIV in the USA. BMJ Open. 2021 09 02; 11(9):e055448. Kim HC, Pollack LM, Saberi P, Neilands TB, Arnold EA, Bright DJ, Williams RW, Kegeles SM, Tan JY. PMID: 34475191; PMCID: PMC8413948.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    19. HIV Testing and Counseling at U.S. Substance Use Treatment Facilities: A Missed Opportunity for Early Identification. Psychiatr Serv. 2021 12 01; 72(12):1385-1391. Riano NS, Borowsky HM, Arnold EA, Olfson M, Walkup JT, Vittinghoff E, Cournos F, Dawson L, Bazazi AR, Crystal S, Mangurian C. PMID: 34126780; PMCID: PMC8639611.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. The case for prescribing PrEP in community mental health settings. Lancet HIV. 2021 04; 8(4):e237-e244. Sudler A, Cournos F, Arnold E, Koester K, Riano NS, Dilley J, Liu A, Mangurian C. PMID: 33493438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. Stigma Experienced by Transgender Women of Color in Their Dating and Romantic Relationships: Implications for Gender-based Violence Prevention Programs. J Interpers Violence. 2022 05; 37(9-10):NP8161-NP8189. Gamarel KE, Jadwin-Cakmak L, King WM, Lacombe-Duncan A, Trammell R, Reyes LA, Burks C, Rivera B, Arnold E, Harper GW. PMID: 33256510; PMCID: PMC8164638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. We are family: designing and developing a mobile health application for the San Francisco bay area House Ball and Gay Family communities. Mhealth. 2020; 6:42. Saberi P, Berrean B, Milionis C, Wong JO, Arnold E. PMID: 33437838; PMCID: PMC7793014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    23. Attitudes about community pharmacy access to HIV prevention medications in California. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2020 Nov - Dec; 60(6):e179-e183. Koester KA, Saberi P, Fuller SM, Arnold EA, Steward WT. PMID: 32665097; PMCID: PMC7875193.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. Documenting best practices for maintaining access to HIV prevention, care and treatment in an era of shifting immigration policy and discourse. PLoS One. 2020; 15(2):e0229291. Arnold EA, Fuller SM, Martinez O, Lechuga J, Steward WT. PMID: 32069309; PMCID: PMC7028255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Medical-Legal Partnerships to Support Continuity of Care for Immigrants Impacted by HIV: Lessons Learned from California. J Immigr Minor Health. 2020 Feb; 22(1):212-215. Fuller SM, Steward WT, Martinez O, Arnold EA. PMID: 31332651; PMCID: PMC10729648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Substance use, intimate partner violence, history of incarceration and vulnerability to HIV among young Black men who have sex with men in a Southern US city. Cult Health Sex. 2021 01; 23(1):37-51. Maiorana A, Kegeles SM, Brown S, Williams R, Arnold EA. PMID: 31944158; PMCID: PMC7363521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Identifying Opportunities for Collaboration Across the Social Sciences to Reach the 10-10-10: A Multilevel Approach. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 12 01; 82 Suppl 2:S118-S123. Vincent W, Sevelius J, Lippman SA, Linnemayr S, Arnold EA. PMID: 31658198; PMCID: PMC6820711.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. 'I want the heart of fierceness to arise within us': maintaining public space to promote HIV-related health with House Ball Community members in an era of gentrification. Cult Health Sex. 2020 04; 22(4):444-458. Wong JO, Benjamin M, Arnold EA. PMID: 31050605.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce HIV-Related Risk in African American Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women: the Bruthas Project. Prev Sci. 2019 01; 20(1):115-125. Arnold EA, Kegeles SM, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Cornwell SM, Stewart WR, Benjamin M, Weeks J, Lockett G, Smith CD, Operario D. PMID: 30478804; PMCID: PMC6358465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. The Impact Of Medicaid Expansion On People Living With HIV And Seeking Behavioral Health Services. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 09; 37(9):1450-1456. Arnold EA, Fuller S, Kirby V, Steward WT. PMID: 30179563.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. "There's no acknowledgement of what this does to people": A qualitative exploration of mental health among parents of children with critical congenital heart defects. J Clin Nurs. 2018 Jul; 27(13-14):2785-2794. Woolf-King SE, Arnold E, Weiss S, Teitel D. PMID: 29345005; PMCID: PMC6013337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Understanding Prevention for HIV Positive Gay Men: Innovative Approaches in Addressing the AIDS Epidemic, Leo Wilton, Editor. "HIV within the House Ball Community and the Promise of Community-based Social Structures for Intervention and Support". 2017; 302-316. Arnold, EA and Bailey, MM.
    33. Spirituality/religiosity, substance use, and HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 05 01; 174:106-112. Carrico AW, Storholm ED, Flentje A, Arnold EA, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Rebchook GM, Peterson JL, Eke A, Johnson W, Kegeles SM. PMID: 28319751; PMCID: PMC5482005.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    34. Mental Health Among Parents of Children With Critical Congenital Heart Defects: A Systematic Review. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 02 01; 6(2). Woolf-King SE, Anger A, Arnold EA, Weiss SJ, Teitel D. PMID: 28151402; PMCID: PMC5523775.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Identifying social and economic barriers to regular care and treatment for Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) and who are living with HIV: a qualitative study from the Bruthas cohort. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 01 28; 17(1):90. Arnold EA, Weeks J, Benjamin M, Stewart WR, Pollack LM, Kegeles SM, Operario D. PMID: 28129757; PMCID: PMC5273794.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Social networks and social support among ball-attending African American men who have sex with men and transgender women are associated with HIV-related outcomes. Glob Public Health. 2018 Feb; 13(2):144-158. Arnold EA, Sterrett-Hong E, Jonas A, Pollack LM. PMID: 27169632; PMCID: PMC5106335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    37. 'I am not a man': Trans-specific barriers and facilitators to PrEP acceptability among transgender women. Glob Public Health. 2016 Aug-Sep; 11(7-8):1060-75. Sevelius JM, Keatley J, Calma N, Arnold E. PMID: 26963756; PMCID: PMC10204128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 127     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    38. HIV transmission in MSM: considerations for PrEP scale-up. Lancet HIV. 2016 Feb; 3(2):e62-3. Arnold EA, Steward WT. PMID: 26847227.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    39. The Development of a Counseling-Based HIV Prevention Intervention for African American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: The Bruthas Project. AIDS Educ Prev. 2015 Dec; 27(6):505-21. Arnold EA, Operario D, Cornwell S, Benjamin M, Smith CD, Lockett G, Kegeles SM. PMID: 26595264; PMCID: PMC4661787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Facilitators and barriers to effective scale-up of an evidence-based multilevel HIV prevention intervention. Implement Sci. 2015 Apr 17; 10:50. Kegeles SM, Rebchook G, Tebbetts S, Arnold E, TRIP Team. PMID: 25889582; PMCID: PMC4405833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    41. California AIDS Policy Center Report. Examining California’s Office of AIDS Health Insurance Premium Payment Program: Barriers and facilitators to establishing and maintaining comprehensive insurance coverage for Californians living with HIV/AIDS. 2015. Kirby, V, Steward, WT, Arnold, EA.
    42. 'Triply cursed': racism, homophobia and HIV-related stigma are barriers to regular HIV testing, treatment adherence and disclosure among young Black gay men. Cult Health Sex. 2014 Jun; 16(6):710-22. Arnold EA, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM. PMID: 24784224; PMCID: PMC4061253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 151     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. California's "Bridge to Reform": identifying challenges and defining strategies for providers and policymakers implementing the Affordable Care Act in low-income HIV/AIDS care and treatment settings. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e90306. Hazelton PT, Steward WT, Collins SP, Gaffney S, Morin SF, Arnold EA. PMID: 24599337; PMCID: PMC3943953.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Mentoring Institute conference proceedings. Mentoring Early Career Investigators in HIV/STI Health Disparities Research. 2013. Binson, D, Arnold, EA, Woods, WJ, Danley, D, Lightfoot, MA, and Neilands, TB.
    45. Community member perspectives from transgender women and men who have sex with men on pre-exposure prophylaxis as an HIV prevention strategy: implications for implementation. Implement Sci. 2012 Nov 26; 7:116. Galindo GR, Garrett-Walker JJ, Hazelton P, Lane T, Steward WT, Morin SF, Arnold EA. PMID: 23181780; PMCID: PMC3527231.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. A qualitative study of provider thoughts on implementing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in clinical settings to prevent HIV infection. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e40603. Arnold EA, Hazelton P, Lane T, Christopoulos KA, Galindo GR, Steward WT, Morin SF. PMID: 22792384; PMCID: PMC3394704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 78     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Fairy godmothers and guardian angels: A qualitative study of gay mentorship relationships. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services. 2012; 24(3):120-31. Sheran, NT, and Arnold, EA.
    48. "We're going to have to cut loose some of our personal beliefs": barriers and opportunities in providing HIV prevention to African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Educ Prev. 2011 Dec; 23(6):521-32. Saleh LD, Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. PMID: 22201236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. 'It's my inner strength': spirituality, religion and HIV in the lives of young African American men who have sex with men. Cult Health Sex. 2011 Oct; 13(9):1103-17. Foster ML, Arnold E, Rebchook G, Kegeles SM. PMID: 21824017; PMCID: PMC4475678.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. The Bruthas Project: evaluation of a community-based HIV prevention intervention for African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Educ Prev. 2010 Feb; 22(1):37-48. Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. PMID: 20166786.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. California AIDS Policy Center Report. Examining the Impact of the HIV-related State Budget Cuts: Comparing Alameda, Fresno, and Los Angeles Counties. 2010. Arnold EA, Galindo, GG, Gaffney, S, Steward, W, Morin, S.
    52. Sexual risk and substance use behaviors among African American men who have sex with men and women. AIDS Behav. 2011 Apr; 15(3):576-83. Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S. PMID: 19572194.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Constructing Home and Family: How the Ballroom Community Supports African American GLBTQ Youth in the Face of HIV/AIDS. J Gay Lesbian Soc Serv. 2009 Jan 01; 21(2-3):171-188. Arnold EA, Bailey MM. PMID: 23136464; PMCID: PMC3489283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62  
    54. Romantic relationships and their social context among gay/bisexual male youth in the Castro District of San Francisco. J Homosex. 2007; 53(4):1-29. Eyre SL, Arnold E, Peterson E, Strong T. PMID: 18689189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Strategic communication in the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: The place of ABC approaches in reaching diverse audiences. Culture, Health, and Sexuality. 2006; 5(8):479=81. Arnold EA.
    56. Caught between a rock and a hard place: Quandaries of doing HIV prevention work with gay and bisexual men in an era of abstinence-only education. AIDS and Anthropology. 2004; 3(13):5-8. Arnold EA.
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