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    Maria Ekstrand, PhD

    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address550 16th. Street
    San Francisco CA 94158
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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Mehta K, Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Sanjeeva GN, Shet A. Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Children Living with HIV in South India. AIDS Behav. 2016 May; 20(5):1076-83. PMID: 26443264.
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      2. Nyamathi AM, Srivastava N, Salem BE, Wall S, Kwon J, Ekstrand M, Hall E, Turner SF, Faucette M. Female Ex-Offender Perspectives on Drug Initiation, Relapse, and Desire to Remain Drug Free. J Forensic Nurs. 2016 Apr-Jun; 12(2):81-90. PMID: 27195929.
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      3. Rao A, Ekstrand M, Heylen E, Raju G, Shet A. Breaking Bad News: Patient Preferences and the Role of Family Members when Delivering a Cancer Diagnosis. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016; 17(4):1779-84. PMID: 27221852.
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      4. Harding R, Downing J, Ekstrand M, Gwyther L, Sherr L. Evidence-Based Programming of HIV Care and Support: Is the Psychosocial "Optional"? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Dec 15; 70(5):e176-7. PMID: 26049282.
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      5. Stern J, Salih Joelsson L, Tydén T, Berglund A, Ekstrand M, Hegaard H, Aarts C, Rosenblad A, Larsson M, Kristiansson P. Is pregnancy planning associated with background characteristics and pregnancy-planning behavior? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2016 Feb; 95(2):182-9. PMID: 26566076.
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      6. Heylen E, Panicker ST, Chandy S, Steward WT, Ekstrand ML. Food Insecurity and Its Relation to Psychological Well-Being Among South Indian People Living with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2015 Aug; 19(8):1548-58. PMID: 25488171; PMCID: PMC4556434 [Available on 08/01/16].
      7. Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Srivastava N, Carpenter CL, Salem BE, Al-Harrasi S, Ramakrishnan P, Sinha S. ASHA-Life Intervention Perspectives Voiced by Rural Indian Women Living With AIDS. Health Care Women Int. 2016 Apr; 37(4):412-25. PMID: 26147930.
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      8. Radhakrishna K, Waghmare A, Ekstrand M, Raj T, Selvam S, Sreerama SM, Sampath S. Real-time feedback for improving compliance to hand sanitization among healthcare workers in an open layout ICU using radiofrequency identification. J Med Syst. 2015 Jun; 39(6):68. PMID: 25957165; PMCID: PMC4545832 [Available on 06/01/16].
      9. Shawe J, Delbaere I, Ekstrand M, Hegaard HK, Larsson M, Mastroiacovo P, Stern J, Steegers E, Stephenson J, Tydén T. Preconception care policy, guidelines, recommendations and services across six European countries: Belgium (Flanders), Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2015 Apr; 20(2):77-87. PMID: 25548961.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Navani-Vazirani S, Solomon D, Heylen E, Srikrishnan AK, Vasudevan CK, Ekstrand ML. Mobile phones and sex work in South India: the emerging role of mobile phones in condom use by female sex workers in two Indian states. Cult Health Sex. 2015; 17(2):252-65. PMID: 25301669; PMCID: PMC4425944 [Available on 02/01/16].
      11. Neogi U, Rao SD, Bontell I, Verheyen J, Rao VR, Gore SC, Soni N, Shet A, Schülter E, Ekstrand ML, Wondwossen A, Kaiser R, Madhusudhan MS, Prasad VR, Sonnerborg A. Novel tetra-peptide insertion in Gag-p6 ALIX-binding motif in HIV-1 subtype C associated with protease inhibitor failure in Indian patients. AIDS. 2014 Sep 24; 28(15):2319-22. PMID: 25102091; PMCID: PMC4198440.
      12. Shah SM, Heylen E, Srinivasan K, Perumpil S, Ekstrand ML. Reducing HIV stigma among nursing students: a brief intervention. West J Nurs Res. 2014 Nov; 36(10):1323-37. PMID: 24569699; PMCID: PMC4459739.
      13. Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML. Gender-based attitudes, HIV misconceptions and feelings towards marginalized groups are associated with stigmatization in Mumbai, India. J Biosoc Sci. 2014 Nov; 46(6):717-32. PMID: 24524379.
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      14. Yuntadilok N, Timmuang R, Timsard S, Guadamuz TE, Heylen E, Mandel J, Ekstrand ML. Eroding gains in safe sex behavior, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and risk perceptions among royal Thai Navy conscripts after 28 years of the AIDS epidemic in Thailand. AIDS Behav. 2014 Jan; 18 Suppl 1:S42-9. PMID: 23700222; PMCID: PMC3808471.
      15. Backhausen MG, Ekstrand M, Tydén T, Magnussen BK, Shawe J, Stern J, Hegaard HK. Pregnancy planning and lifestyle prior to conception and during early pregnancy among Danish women. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2014 Feb; 19(1):57-65. PMID: 24229390.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Ekstrand ML, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Heylen E. Prevalence and drivers of HIV stigma among health providers in urban India: implications for interventions. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013; 16(3 Suppl 2):18717. PMID: 24242265; PMCID: PMC3833193.
      17. Ekstrand M, Tydén T, Darj E, Larsson M. Twelve-month follow-up of advance provision of emergency contraception among teenage girls in Sweden-a randomized controlled trial. Ups J Med Sci. 2013 Nov; 118(4):271-5. PMID: 24102148; PMCID: PMC4190889.
      18. Malavé S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E, Bharat S, Ekstrand ML. Differences in testing, stigma, and perceived consequences of stigmatization among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in Bengaluru, India. AIDS Care. 2014; 26(3):396-403. PMID: 23869716; PMCID: PMC4033403.
      19. Vallabhaneni S, Chandy S, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML. Evaluation of WHO immunologic criteria for treatment failure: implications for detection of virologic failure, evolution of drug resistance and choice of second-line therapy in India. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013; 16:18449. PMID: 23735817; PMCID: PMC3672445.
      20. Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Salem BE, Sinha S, Ganguly KK, Leake B. Impact of Asha intervention on stigma among rural Indian women with AIDS. West J Nurs Res. 2013 Aug; 35(7):867-83. PMID: 23539322; PMCID: PMC3725982.
      21. Neogi U, Shet A, Sahoo PN, Bontell I, Ekstrand ML, Banerjea AC, Sonnerborg A. Human APOBEC3G-mediated hypermutation is associated with antiretroviral therapy failure in HIV-1 subtype C-infected individuals. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013; 16:18472. PMID: 23443042; PMCID: PMC3582697.
      22. Neogi U, Heylen E, Shet A, Chandy S, Shamsunder R, Sönnerborg A, Ekstrand ML. Long-term efficacy of first line antiretroviral therapy in Indian HIV-1 infected patients: a longitudinal cohort study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e55421. PMID: 23383185; PMCID: PMC3559582.
      23. Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Zolt-Gilburne J, Ganguly K, Sinha S, Ramakrishnan P, Suresh P, Marfisee M, Leake B. Correlates of stigma among rural Indian women living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Behav. 2013 Jan; 17(1):329-39. PMID: 21915715; PMCID: PMC3549011.
      24. Heravian A, Solomon R, Krishnan G, Vasudevan CK, Krishnan AK, Osmand T, Ekstrand ML. Alcohol consumption patterns and sexual risk behavior among female sex workers in two South Indian communities. Int J Drug Policy. 2012 Nov; 23(6):498-504. PMID: 22608567; PMCID: PMC3454864.
      25. Ekstrand ML, Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E. Blame, symbolic stigma and HIV misconceptions are associated with support for coercive measures in urban India. AIDS Behav. 2012 Apr; 16(3):700-10. PMID: 21290175; PMCID: PMC3313036.
      26. Steward WT, Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML. Stigma is associated with delays in seeking care among HIV-infected people in India. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2013 Mar-Apr; 12(2):103-9. PMID: 22282878; PMCID: PMC3482419.
      27. Vallabhaneni S, Chandy S, Heylen E, Ekstrand M. Reasons for and correlates of antiretroviral treatment interruptions in a cohort of patients from public and private clinics in southern India. AIDS Care. 2012; 24(6):687-94. PMID: 22107044; PMCID: PMC3377441.
      28. Shet A, DeCosta A, Heylen E, Shastri S, Chandy S, Ekstrand M. High rates of adherence and treatment success in a public and public-private HIV clinic in India: potential benefits of standardized national care delivery systems. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011; 11:277. PMID: 22004573; PMCID: PMC3204232.
      29. Neogi U, Shet A, Shamsundar R, Ekstrand ML. Selection of nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-associated mutations in HIV-1 subtype C: evidence of etravirine cross-resistance. AIDS. 2011 May 15; 25(8):1123-6. PMID: 21505320; PMCID: PMC3637935.
      30. Chandy S, Singh G, Heylen E, Gandhi M, Ekstrand ML. Treatment switching in South Indian patients on HAART: what are the predictors and consequences? AIDS Care. 2011 May; 23(5):569-77. PMID: 21293988; PMCID: PMC3633559.
      31. Nyamathi AM, Sinha S, Ganguly KK, William RR, Heravian A, Ramakrishnan P, Greengold B, Ekstrand M, Rao PV. Challenges experienced by rural women in India living with AIDS and implications for the delivery of HIV/AIDS care. Health Care Women Int. 2011 Apr; 32(4):300-13. PMID: 21409663; PMCID: PMC3475645.
      32. Ekstrand M, Engblom C, Larsson M, Tydén T. Sex education in Swedish schools as described by young women. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2011 Jun; 16(3):210-24. PMID: 21413866.
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      33. Wilson E, Pant SB, Comfort M, Ekstrand M. Stigma and HIV risk among Metis in Nepal. Cult Health Sex. 2011 Mar; 13(3):253-66. PMID: 21058085; PMCID: PMC3030668.
      34. Ekstrand ML, Shet A, Chandy S, Singh G, Shamsundar R, Madhavan V, Saravanan S, Heylen E, Kumarasamy N. Suboptimal adherence associated with virological failure and resistance mutations to first-line highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Bangalore, India. Int Health. 2011 Mar; 3(1):27-34. PMID: 21516199.
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      35. Ekstrand M, Tydén T, Larsson M. Exposing oneself and one's partner to sexual risk-taking as perceived by young Swedish men who requested a Chlamydia test. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2011 Apr; 16(2):100-7. PMID: 21281095.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Stålhandske ML, Ekstrand M, Tydén T. Women's existential experiences within Swedish abortion care. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 Mar; 32(1):35-41. PMID: 21231859.
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      37. Steward WT, Chandy S, Singh G, Panicker ST, Osmand TA, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML. Depression is not an inevitable outcome of disclosure avoidance: HIV stigma and mental health in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals from Southern India. Psychol Health Med. 2011 Jan; 16(1):74-85. PMID: 21218366; PMCID: PMC3075869.
      38. Nyamathi AM, William RR, Ganguly KK, Sinha S, Heravian A, Albarrán CR, Thomas A, Greengold B, Ekstrand M, Ramakrishna P, Rao PR. Perceptions of Women Living with AIDS in Rural India Related to the Engagement of HIV-Trained Accredited Social Health Activists for Care and Support. J HIV AIDS Soc Serv. 2010 Oct; 9(4):385-404. PMID: 21331322.
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      39. Rodríguez DC, Krishnan AK, Kumarasamy N, Krishnan G, Solomon D, Johnson S, Vasudevan CK, Solomon R, Ekstrand ML. Two sides of the same story: alcohol use and HIV risk taking in South India. AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug; 14 Suppl 1:S136-46. PMID: 20544382; PMCID: PMC2900584.
      40. Ekstrand ML, Chandy S, Heylen E, Steward W, Singh G. Developing useful highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence measures for India: the Prerana study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Mar; 53(3):415-6. PMID: 20190588; PMCID: PMC2831235.
      41. Steward WT, Herek GM, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, Ekstrand ML. HIV-related stigma: adapting a theoretical framework for use in India. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Oct; 67(8):1225-35. PMID: 18599171; PMCID: PMC2603621.
      42. Setia MS, Lindan C, Jerajani HR, Kumta S, Ekstrand M, Mathur M, Gogate A, Kavi AR, Anand V, Klausner JD. Men who have sex with men and transgenders in Mumbai, India: an emerging risk group for STIs and HIV. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2006 Nov-Dec; 72(6):425-31. PMID: 17179617.
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      43. Hernandez AL, Lindan CP, Mathur M, Ekstrand M, Madhivanan P, Stein ES, Gregorich S, Kundu S, Gogate A, Jerajani HR. Sexual behavior among men who have sex with women, men, and Hijras in Mumbai, India--multiple sexual risks. AIDS Behav. 2006 Jul; 10(4 Suppl):S5-16. PMID: 16832600.
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      44. Freedman B, Binson D, Ekstrand M, Galvez S, Woods WJ, Grinstead O. Uncovering implicit theories of HIV prevention providers: it takes a community. AIDS Educ Prev. 2006 Jun; 18(3):216-26. PMID: 16774464.
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      45. Madhivanan P, Hernandez A, Gogate A, Stein E, Gregorich S, Setia M, Kumta S, Ekstrand M, Mathur M, Jerajani H, Lindan CP. Alcohol use by men is a risk factor for the acquisition of sexually transmitted infections and human immunodeficiency virus from female sex workers in Mumbai, India. Sex Transm Dis. 2005 Nov; 32(11):685-90. PMID: 16254543; PMCID: PMC3709449.
      46. Sörensen L, Ekstrand M, Silva JP, Lindqvist E, Xu B, Rustin P, Olson L, Larsson NG. Late-onset corticohippocampal neurodepletion attributable to catastrophic failure of oxidative phosphorylation in MILON mice. J Neurosci. 2001 Oct 15; 21(20):8082-90. PMID: 11588181.
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      47. Stall RD, Hays RB, Waldo CR, Ekstrand M, McFarland W. The Gay '90s: a review of research in the 1990s on sexual behavior and HIV risk among men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2000; 14 Suppl 3:S101-14. PMID: 11086853.
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      48. Ekstrand ML, Stall RD, Paul JP, Osmond DH, Coates TJ. Gay men report high rates of unprotected anal sex with partners of unknown or discordant HIV status. AIDS. 1999 Aug 20; 13(12):1525-33. PMID: 10465077.
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      49. Hays RB, Paul J, Ekstrand M, Kegeles SM, Stall R, Coates TJ. Actual versus perceived HIV status, sexual behaviors and predictors of unprotected sex among young gay and bisexual men who identify as HIV-negative, HIV-positive and untested. AIDS. 1997 Oct; 11(12):1495-502. PMID: 9342072.
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      50. Merati TP, Ekstrand ML, Hudes ES, Suarmiartha E, Mandel JS. Traditional Balinese youth groups as a venue for prevention of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. AIDS. 1997 Sep; 11 Suppl 1:S111-9. PMID: 9376094.
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      51. Hoff CC, Kegeles SM, Acree M, Stall R, Paul J, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ. Looking for men in all the wrong places...: HIV prevention small-group programs do not reach high risk gay men. AIDS. 1997 May; 11(6):829-30. PMID: 9143624.
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      52. Hoff CC, Stall R, Paul J, Acree M, Daigle D, Phillips K, Kegeles S, Jinich S, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ. Differences in sexual behavior among HIV discordant and concordant gay men in primary relationships. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Jan 1; 14(1):72-8. PMID: 8989214.
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      53. Hoff CC, Coates TJ, Barrett DC, Collette L, Ekstrand M. Differences between gay men in primary relationships and single men: implications for prevention. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996 Dec; 8(6):546-59. PMID: 9010513.
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      54. Stall R, Hoff C, Coates TJ, Paul J, Phillips KA, Ekstrand M, Kegeles S, Catania J, Daigle D, Diaz R. Decisions to get HIV tested and to accept antiretroviral therapies among gay/bisexual men: implications for secondary prevention efforts. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Feb 1; 11(2):151-60. PMID: 8556397.
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      55. Barrett DC, Chesney MA, Burack JH, Stall RD, Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ. Depression and CD4 decline. JAMA. 1994 Jun 8; 271(22):1743-4. PMID: 7910856.
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      56. Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ, Guydish JR, Hauck WW, Collette L, Hulley SB. Are bisexually identified men in San Francisco a common vector for spreading HIV infection to women? Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 84(6):915-9. PMID: 8203686; PMCID: PMC1614964.
      57. Burack JH, Barrett DC, Stall RD, Chesney MA, Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ. Depressive symptoms and CD4 lymphocyte decline among HIV-infected men. JAMA. 1993 Dec 1; 270(21):2568-73. PMID: 7901433.
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      58. Shafer MA, Hilton JF, Ekstrand M, Keogh J, Gee L, DiGiorgio-Haag L, Shalwitz J, Schachter J. Relationship between drug use and sexual behaviors and the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases among high-risk male youth. Sex Transm Dis. 1993 Nov-Dec; 20(6):307-13. PMID: 8108752.
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      59. Ekstrand M, Stall R, Kegeles S, Hays R, DeMayo M, Coates T. Safer sex among gay men: what is the ultimate goal? AIDS. 1993 Feb; 7(2):281-2. PMID: 8466694.
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      60. Ekstrand ML. Safer sex maintenance among gay men: are we making any progress? AIDS. 1992 Aug; 6(8):875-7. PMID: 1418785.
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      61. Götestam KO, Coates TJ, Ekstrand M. Handedness, dyslexia and twinning in homosexual men. Int J Neurosci. 1992 Apr; 63(3-4):179-86. PMID: 1304552.
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      62. Samuel MC, Guydish J, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ, Winkelstein W. Changes in sexual practices over 5 years of follow-up among heterosexual men in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991; 4(9):896-900. PMID: 1895211.
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      63. Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ. Maintenance of safer sexual behaviors and predictors of risky sex: the San Francisco Men's Health Study. Am J Public Health. 1990 Aug; 80(8):973-7. PMID: 2368861; PMCID: PMC1404780.
      64. Stall R, Ekstrand M, Pollack L, McKusick L, Coates TJ. Relapse from safer sex: the next challenge for AIDS prevention efforts. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3(12):1181-7. PMID: 2243318.
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