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Barbara Drew, RN, PhD, FAAN

TitleProfessor Emeritus
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentPhysiological Nursing
Address2 Koret Way
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPh.D.1990 Nursing
    University of California, San FranciscoM.S.1980 Nursing
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Heart Association2014Distinguished Scientist Award
    National Institute for Nursing Research, NIH2014NINR Director’s Lecture
    UCSF2013David Mortara Distinguished Professor
    International Society for Computerized Electrocardiology2010Kenichi Harumi Plenary Address
    UCSF2010Lillian & Dudley Aldous Professor in Nursing Science (Endowed Chair)
    UCSF Division of the Academic Senate2009Distinguished Teaching Award
    UCSF School of Nursing 200626thHelen Nahm Research Lecture Award
    Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Switzerland2006Fulbright Senior Scientist Award
    UCSF Graduate Students’ Association 2003Outstanding Faculty Mentorship Award
    American Heart Association2001Katherine A. Lembright Award Lecture for achievement in cardiovascular nursing research, Council on
    American Association of Critical-Care Nurses 2002Distinguished Research Lecturer Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My program of research focuses on expanding information obtained from electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings to improve clinical decision-making and patient outcomes in hospital and pre-hospital settings. I helped develop a monitoring strategy, “reduced lead set” technology, a method to derive a multi-lead electrocardiogram from a reduced number of electrodes. I was invited to present my research in reduced lead set technology at the Einthoven Foundation’s Celebration of 100 years of the Electrocardiogram in the Netherlands in 2002. Einthoven won a Nobel Prize for inventing the ECG machine in 1902, and this celebration acknowledged scientists who had made important and lasting contributions to the field.
    Results of studies from my research laboratory (ECG Monitoring Research Lab in the School of Nursing) have informed the development of ST-segment (ischemia) monitoring algorithms for cardiac monitors. We discovered causes of false ischemia monitoring alarms, such as changes in a patient’s body position, which can alter waveforms and mimic the electrocardiographic changes of myocardial ischemia. Our publications provided evidence for the importance of ischemia monitoring in patients presenting to the emergency room with chest pain or treated in hospital units for acute coronary syndromes. A series of studies from my laboratory have shown that transient ischemia following treatment for acute coronary syndromes is: (1) usually missed with routine “arrhythmia” monitoring leads, (2) associated with poor hospital outcomes and, (3) most often (80%) clinically silent (asymptomatic). In addition, we were the first to publish that automated ST segment ischemia monitoring provided prognostic information above and beyond the initial standard 12-lead ECG in patients with acute coronary syndrome.
    Realizing that the under-utilization of ischemia monitoring by clinicians in emergency rooms and hospital units was due to a lack of clarity about how to perform it, I organized an international group of experts to develop a practice guideline. The resultant report was entitled, Multi-lead ST-segment monitoring in patients with acute coronary syndromes: A consensus statement for healthcare professionals, published in 1999. This guideline has influenced clinical practice internationally.
    Recent studies have focused on ECG monitoring in emergency rooms and pre-hospital settings. I helped design computer software for an ambulance device capable of monitoring patients for ischemia using reduced lead set technology and automatically transmitting abnormal ECGs by cell phone to the destination hospital. Results from our study show that this pre-hospital monitoring strategy increases paramedic utilization of pre-hospital ECG, reduces time from 911call to first ECG, and reduces hospital time to treatment for acute coronary syndrome.
    I have also worked recently on another goal of hospital ECG monitoring: QT interval monitoring. By monitoring QT intervals in patients who are started on potentially pro-arrhythmic drugs, it may be possible to prevent the complication of torsade de pointes, a cause of sudden cardiac death in hospital settings. I advised engineers to design an automated QT interval measurement strategy that was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2008. After implementing the QT monitoring system in the 5 critical care units at Stanford Hospitals & Clinics, we found that a high proportion (24%) of patients had dangerous QT interval prolongation episodes and that they were 3 times more likely to have in-hospital death. I believe this upgrade to cardiac monitors will save nursing time by eliminating the need for manual measurements and provide more frequent, reliable, and accurate measurement of the QT interval and may prevent cardiac arrests in hospital settings.
    In collaboration with a professor at Yale School of Nursing, we have been funded by NHLBI for a 5-yr, multi-center randomized clinical trial to implement the American Heart Association Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring in Hospital Settings and to determine whether it will improve nurse monitoring behaviors, quality of care, and patient outcomes. We developed interactive educational computer modules recommending the best practices for arrhythmia, ischemia, and QT interval monitoring for use in the study.
    Currently, I am conducting a pilot study in post-heart-transplant patients to determine whether an increase in the QT interval measured with a home ECG device and transmitted to my research laboratory is an early biomarker for acute cardiac allograft rejection. If this noninvasive biomarker proves sensitive for the detection of acute rejection, then I will submit a proposal for a randomized clinical trial comparing it with routine invasive endomyocardial biopsies.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Home ECG Monitoring to Detect Allograft Rejection Following Heart Transplantation
    NIH/NINR R01NR012003Mar 15, 2011 - Jan 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Tele-electrocardiography in Emergency Cardiac Care
    NIH/NINR R01NR007881Sep 15, 2003 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NOVEL METHOD TO DIAGNOSE ACUTE MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL069753Sep 30, 1993 - Jun 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NURSING STRATEGY FOR CARDIAC ISCHEMIA MONITORING
    NIH/NINR R01NR003436Sep 30, 1993 - Jul 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    DIFFERENTIATION OF WIDE QRS COMPLEX TACHYCARDIAS
    NIH/NINR F31NR006230Jul 15, 1988
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Hickey KT, Sciacca RR, Chen B, Drew BJ, Pickham D, Carter EV, Castillo C, Doering LV. Electrocardiographic Correlates of Acute Allograft Rejection Among Heart Transplant Recipients. Am J Crit Care. 2018 Mar; 27(2):145-150. PMID: 29496772.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Fidler RL, Pelter MM, Drew BJ, Palacios JA, Bai Y, Stannard D, Aldrich JM, Hu X. Understanding heart rate alarm adjustment in the intensive care units through an analytical approach. PLoS One. 2017; 12(11):e0187855. PMID: 29176776.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Macfarlane PW, Mason JW, Kligfield P, Sommargren CE, Drew B, van Dam P, Abächerli R, Albert DE, Hodges M. Debatable issues in automated ECG reporting. J Electrocardiol. 2017 Nov - Dec; 50(6):833-840. PMID: 28985886.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Tinoco A, Drew BJ, Hu X, Mortara D, Cooper BA, Pelter MM. ECG-derived Cheyne-Stokes respiration and periodic breathing in healthy and hospitalized populations. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2017 Nov; 22(6). PMID: 28618169.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Yadav AV, Nazer B, Drew BJ, Miller JM, El Masry H, Groh WJ, Natale A, Marrouche N, Badhwar N, Yang Y, Scheinman MM. Utility of Conventional Electrocardiographic Criteria in Patients With Idiopathic Ventricular Tachycardia. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2017 Jul; 3(7):669-677. PMID: 29759535.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Carter EV, Castillo C, Chen B, Doering LV, Drew BJ, Hickey KT, Pickham D, Sciacca RR. Corrigendum to "QTc prolongation may be a late biomarker of orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) rejection" [J Electrocardiol 49 (2016) 928-929]. J Electrocardiol. 2017 Mar - Apr; 50(2):268. PMID: 28284291.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Funk M, Fennie KP, Stephens KE, May JL, Winkler CG, Drew BJ. Association of Implementation of Practice Standards for Electrocardiographic Monitoring With Nurses' Knowledge, Quality of Care, and Patient Outcomes: Findings From the Practical Use of the Latest Standards of Electrocardiography (PULSE) Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017 Feb; 10(2). PMID: 28174175.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Hickey KT, Doering LV, Chen B, Carter EV, Sciacca RR, Pickham D, Castillo C, Hauser NR, Drew BJ. Clinical and gender differences in heart transplant recipients in the NEW HEART study. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2017 03; 16(3):222-229. PMID: 27189203.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Tolan GD, Macfarlane PW, Wagner GS, Strauss DG, Burke MC, Kligfield PD, Rowlandson I, Lux RL. In memoriam: A tribute to the work and lives of Ron Selvester and Rory Childers. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Nov-Dec; 48(6):1088-98. PMID: 26422547.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Fidler R, Bond R, Finlay D, Guldenring D, Gallagher A, Pelter M, Drew B, Hu X. Human factors approach to evaluate the user interface of physiologic monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Nov-Dec; 48(6):982-7. PMID: 26375330.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Sandau KE, Sendelbach S, Fletcher L, Frederickson J, Drew BJ, Funk M. Computer-assisted interventions to improve QTc documentation in patients receiving QT-prolonging drugs. Am J Crit Care. 2015 Mar; 24(2):e6-e15. PMID: 25727282.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Zègre-Hemsey JK, Sommargren CE, Asafu-Adjei JK, Drew BJ. Normal prehospital electrocardiography is linked to long-term survival in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Jul-Aug; 48(4):520-6. PMID: 25683824; PMCID: PMC4484314.
    13. Drew BJ, Dracup K, Criley JM, Fung G, Marcus F, Mortara D, Laks M, Scheinman M. Reply: nurse practitioners (and other physician extenders) are not an appropriate replacement for expert physician electrocardiogram readers in routine clinical practice. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jan 06; 65(1):107-108. PMID: 25572520.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Drew BJ, Harris P, Zègre-Hemsey JK, Mammone T, Schindler D, Salas-Boni R, Bai Y, Tinoco A, Ding Q, Hu X. Insights into the problem of alarm fatigue with physiologic monitor devices: a comprehensive observational study of consecutive intensive care unit patients. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e110274. PMID: 25338067; PMCID: PMC4206416.
    15. Bai Y, Do DH, Harris PR, Schindler D, Boyle NG, Drew BJ, Hu X. Integrating monitor alarms with laboratory test results to enhance patient deterioration prediction. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb; 53:81-92. PMID: 25240252.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Drew BJ, Dracup K, Childers R, Criley JM, Fung G, Marcus F, Mortara D, Laks M, Scheinman M. Finding ECG readers in clinical practice: is it time to change the paradigm? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Aug 05; 64(5):528. PMID: 25082590; PMCID: PMC4466111.
    17. Harris PR, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. Heart rate variability measured early in patients with evolving acute coronary syndrome and 1-year outcomes of rehospitalization and mortality. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2014; 10:451-64. PMID: 25143740; PMCID: PMC4132256.
    18. Salas-Boni R, Bai Y, Harris PR, Drew BJ, Hu X. False ventricular tachycardia alarm suppression in the ICU based on the discrete wavelet transform in the ECG signal. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Nov-Dec; 47(6):775-80. PMID: 25172188.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Harris PR, Sommargren CE, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. Heart rate variability measurement and clinical depression in acute coronary syndrome patients: narrative review of recent literature. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014; 10:1335-47. PMID: 25071372; PMCID: PMC4111661.
    20. Pickham D, Flowers E, Drew BJ. Hyperglycemia is associated with corrected QT prolongation and mortality in acutely ill patients. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):264-70. PMID: 23364575; PMCID: PMC4140190.
    21. Hasanien AA, Drew BJ, Howie-Esquivel J. Prevalence and prognostic significance of long QT interval in patients with acute coronary syndrome: review of the literature. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):271-9. PMID: 23839573.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Pickham D, Hickey K, Doering L, Chen B, Castillo C, Drew BJ. Electrocardiographic abnormalities in the first year after heart transplantation. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Mar-Apr; 47(2):135-9. PMID: 24119878; PMCID: PMC3951586.
    23. Winkler C, Funk M, Schindler DM, Hemsey JZ, Lampert R, Drew BJ. Arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the first 24 hours of hospitalization. Heart Lung. 2013 Nov-Dec; 42(6):422-7. PMID: 23972554; PMCID: PMC3848954.
    24. Harris PR, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. Prognostic value of heart rate turbulence for risk assessment in patients with unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2013; 9:465-73. PMID: 23976860; PMCID: PMC3747117.
    25. Hasanien AA, Drew BJ, Howie-Esquivel J, Fung G, Harris P. Prevalence and prognostic significance of long QT interval among patients with chest pain: selecting an optimum QT rate correction formula. J Electrocardiol. 2013 Jul-Aug; 46(4):336-42. PMID: 23597403; PMCID: PMC3700626.
    26. Zègre Hemsey JK, Dracup K, Fleischmann KE, Sommargren CE, Paul SM, Drew BJ. Prehospital electrocardiographic manifestations of acute myocardial ischemia independently predict adverse hospital outcomes. J Emerg Med. 2013 May; 44(5):955-61. PMID: 23357378; PMCID: PMC3725326.
    27. Slakey DP, Simms E, Drew B, Yazdi F, Roberts B. Complications of liver resection: laparoscopic versus open procedures. JSLS. 2013 Jan-Mar; 17(1):46-55. PMID: 23743371; PMCID: PMC3662744.
    28. Pickham D, Mortara D, Drew BJ. Time dependent history improves QT interval estimation in atrial fibrillation. J Electrocardiol. 2012 Nov-Dec; 45(6):556-60. PMID: 23040546.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Turakhia MP, Estes NA, Drew BJ, Granger CB, Wang PJ, Knight BP, Page RL. Latency of ECG displays of hospital telemetry systems: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1665-9. PMID: 22927339.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Khush KK, Menza R, Nguyen J, Goldstein BA, Zaroff JG, Drew BJ. Electrocardiographic characteristics of potential organ donors and associations with cardiac allograft use. Circ Heart Fail. 2012 Jul 01; 5(4):475-83. PMID: 22615333; PMCID: PMC3400714.
    31. Pickham D, Shinn JA, Chan GK, Funk M, Drew BJ. Quasi-experimental study to improve nurses' QT-interval monitoring: results of QTIP study. Am J Crit Care. 2012 May; 21(3):195-200; quiz 201. PMID: 22549576.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Siebens K, Miljoen H, De Geest S, Drew B, Vrints C. Development and implementation of a critical pathway for patients with chest pain through action research. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2012 Dec; 11(4):466-71. PMID: 21676654.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Carter EV, Hickey KT, Pickham DM, Doering LV, Chen B, Harris PR, Drew BJ. Feasibility and compliance with daily home electrocardiogram monitoring of the QT interval in heart transplant recipients. Heart Lung. 2012 Jul-Aug; 41(4):368-73. PMID: 22459508; PMCID: PMC3387335.
    34. Doering LV, Hickey K, Pickham D, Chen B, Drew BJ. Remote noninvasive allograft rejection monitoring for heart transplant recipients: study protocol for the novel evaluation with home electrocardiogram and remote transmission (NEW HEART) study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2012 Mar 02; 12:14. PMID: 22386040; PMCID: PMC3323456.
    35. Pickham D, Helfenbein E, Shinn JA, Chan G, Funk M, Weinacker A, Liu JN, Drew BJ. High prevalence of corrected QT interval prolongation in acutely ill patients is associated with mortality: results of the QT in Practice (QTIP) Study. Crit Care Med. 2012 Feb; 40(2):394-9. PMID: 22001585.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Zègre Hemsey JK, Drew BJ. Prehospital electrocardiography: a review of the literature. J Emerg Nurs. 2012 Jan; 38(1):9-14. PMID: 22137883.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Zègre Hemsey JK, Dracup K, Fleischmann K, Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. Prehospital 12-lead ST-segment monitoring improves the early diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2012 May-Jun; 45(3):266-71. PMID: 22115367; PMCID: PMC3305819.
    38. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Schindler DM, Benedict K, Zegre-Hemsey J, Glancy JP. A simple strategy improves prehospital electrocardiogram utilization and hospital treatment for patients with acute coronary syndrome (from the ST SMART Study). Am J Cardiol. 2011 Feb 01; 107(3):347-52. PMID: 21256997.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Drew B. Standardization of electrode placement for continuous patient monitoring: introduction of an assessment tool to compare proposed electrocardiogram lead configurations. J Electrocardiol. 2011 Mar-Apr; 44(2):115-8. PMID: 21216412.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Fleischmann KE, Zègre-Hemsey J, Drew BJ. The new universal definition of myocardial infarction criteria improve electrocardiographic diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2011 Jan-Feb; 44(1):69-73. PMID: 21168005; PMCID: PMC3073862.
    41. Pickham D, Helfenbein E, Shinn JA, Chan G, Funk M, Drew BJ. How many patients need QT interval monitoring in critical care units? Preliminary report of the QT in Practice study. J Electrocardiol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 43(6):572-6. PMID: 21040827.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Funk M, Winkler CG, May JL, Stephens K, Fennie KP, Rose LL, Turkman YE, Drew BJ. Unnecessary arrhythmia monitoring and underutilization of ischemia and QT interval monitoring in current clinical practice: baseline results of the Practical Use of the Latest Standards for Electrocardiography trial. J Electrocardiol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 43(6):542-7. PMID: 20832819; PMCID: PMC2970641.
    43. Drew BJ, Ackerman MJ, Funk M, Gibler WB, Kligfield P, Menon V, Philippides GJ, Roden DM, Zareba W. Prevention of torsade de pointes in hospital settings: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Mar 02; 55(9):934-47. PMID: 20185054; PMCID: PMC3057430.
    44. Siebens K, Miljoen H, Fieuws S, Drew B, De Geest S, Vrints C. Implementation of the guidelines for the management of patients with chest pain through a critical pathway approach improves length of stay and patient satisfaction but not anxiety. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2010 Mar; 9(1):30-4. PMID: 20215908.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Drew BJ, Ackerman MJ, Funk M, Gibler WB, Kligfield P, Menon V, Philippides GJ, Roden DM, Zareba W. Prevention of torsade de pointes in hospital settings: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation. 2010 Mar 02; 121(8):1047-60. PMID: 20142454; PMCID: PMC3056123.
    46. Zègre-Hemsey J, Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. Initial ECG acquisition within 10 minutes of arrival at the emergency department in persons with chest pain: time and gender differences. J Emerg Nurs. 2011 Jan; 37(1):109-12. PMID: 21237383.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Wood KA, Stewart AL, Drew BJ, Scheinman MM, Frolicher ES. Development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Patient Perspective of Arrhythmia Questionnaire. Res Nurs Health. 2009 Oct; 32(5):504-16. PMID: 19701927; PMCID: PMC2953868.
    48. Wood KA, Stewart AL, Drew BJ, Scheinman MM, Froëlicher ES. Patient perception of symptoms and quality of life following ablation in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. Heart Lung. 2010 Jan-Feb; 39(1):12-20. PMID: 20109982; PMCID: PMC2817962.
    49. Frendl DM, Palmeri ST, Clapp JR, Hampton D, Sejersten M, Young D, Drew B, Farrell R, Innes J, Russell J, Rowlandson GI, Purim-Shem-Tov Y, Underhill BK, Zhou S, Wagner GS. Overcoming barriers to developing seamless ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care systems in the United States: recommendations from a comprehensive Prehospital 12-lead Electrocardiogram Working Group. J Electrocardiol. 2009 Sep-Oct; 42(5):426-31. PMID: 19446840.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Lee E, Drew BJ, Selvester RH, Michaels AD. Sequence of electrocardiographic and acoustic cardiographic changes and angina during coronary occlusion and reperfusion in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2009 Apr; 14(2):137-46. PMID: 19419398.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Lee E, Drew BJ, Selvester RH, Michaels AD. Diastolic heart sounds as an adjunctive diagnostic tool with ST criteria for acute myocardial ischemia. Acute Card Care. 2009; 11(4):229-35. PMID: 19995262.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Lee E, Michaels AD, Selvester RH, Drew BJ. Frequency of diastolic third and fourth heart sounds with myocardial ischemia induced during percutaneous coronary intervention. J Electrocardiol. 2009 Jan-Feb; 42(1):39-45. PMID: 19012901.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Drew BJ, Finlay DD. Standardization of reduced and optimal lead sets for continuous electrocardiogram monitoring: where do we stand? J Electrocardiol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 41(6):458-65. PMID: 18817928.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Ting HH, Krumholz HM, Bradley EH, Cone DC, Curtis JP, Drew BJ, Field JM, French WJ, Gibler WB, Goff DC, Jacobs AK, Nallamothu BK, O'Connor RE, Schuur JD. Implementation and integration of prehospital ECGs into systems of care for acute coronary syndrome: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Nursing, and Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2008 Sep 02; 118(10):1066-79. PMID: 18703464.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Pickham D, Drew BJ. QT/QTc interval monitoring in the emergency department. J Emerg Nurs. 2008 Oct; 34(5):428-34. PMID: 18804716.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Drew B, Kligfield P. Standardizing electrocardiographic leads: introduction to a symposium. J Electrocardiol. 2008 May-Jun; 41(3):187-9. PMID: 18433610.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Drew BJ. Pseudo myocardial injury patterns because of nonstandard electrocardiogram electrode placement. J Electrocardiol. 2008 May-Jun; 41(3):202-4. PMID: 18353344.
      View in: PubMed
    58. McCord J, Jneid H, Hollander JE, de Lemos JA, Cercek B, Hsue P, Gibler WB, Ohman EM, Drew B, Philippides G, Newby LK. Management of cocaine-associated chest pain and myocardial infarction: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Acute Cardiac Care Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2008 Apr 08; 117(14):1897-907. PMID: 18347214.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Schindler DM, Lux RL, Shusterman V, Drew BJ. Karhunen-Loève representation distinguishes ST-T wave morphology differences in emergency department chest pain patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction versus nonacute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S145-9. PMID: 17993312; PMCID: PMC2128770.
    60. Shusterman V, Goldberg A, Schindler DM, Fleischmann KE, Lux RL, Drew BJ. Dynamic tracking of ischemia in the surface electrocardiogram. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S179-86. PMID: 17993319; PMCID: PMC2121619.
    61. Drew BJ, Schindler DM, Zegre JK, Fleischmann KE, Lux RL. Estimated body surface potential maps in emergency department patients with unrecognized transient myocardial ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S15-20. PMID: 17993313; PMCID: PMC2148494.
    62. Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. Preventing torsades de pointes by careful cardiac monitoring in hospital settings. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2007 Jul-Sep; 18(3):285-93. PMID: 18019519.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Drew BJ. Pulling it all together: case studies on ECG monitoring. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2007 Jul-Sep; 18(3):305-17. PMID: 18019521.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Miller JN, Drew BJ. Atrial electrograms after cardiac surgery: survey of clinical practice. Am J Crit Care. 2007 Jul; 16(4):350-6; quiz 357; discussion 358-9. PMID: 17595365.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Solis P, Amsterdam EA, Bufalino V, Drew BJ, Jacobs AK. Development of systems of care for ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients: policy recommendations. Circulation. 2007 Jul 10; 116(2):e73-6. PMID: 17538035.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Drew BJ. Critical care nurses in industry: deserters or leaders? Am J Crit Care. 2007 May; 16(3):204-5. PMID: 17460308.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Siebens K, Moons P, De Geest S, Miljoen H, Drew BJ, Vrints C. The role of nurses in a chest pain unit. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2007 Dec; 6(4):265-72. PMID: 17349824.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Schindler DM, Zegre J, Benedict K, Krucoff MW. Novel electrocardiogram configurations and transmission procedures in the prehospital setting: effect on ischemia and arrhythmia determination. J Electrocardiol. 2006 Oct; 39(4 Suppl):S157-60. PMID: 17015064.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Drew BJ. Pitfalls and artifacts in electrocardiography. Cardiol Clin. 2006 Aug; 24(3):309-15, vii. PMID: 16939825.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Banki N, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Lawton MT, Gress D, Drew B, Dae M, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. Prospective analysis of prevalence, distribution, and rate of recovery of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2006 Jul; 105(1):15-20. PMID: 16871878.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Drew BJ, Funk M. Practice standards for ECG monitoring in hospital settings: executive summary and guide for implementation. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2006 Jun; 18(2):157-68, ix. PMID: 16728301.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Harris IS, Lee E, Yeghiazarians Y, Drew BJ, Michaels AD. Phonocardiographic timing of third and fourth heart sounds during acute myocardial infarction. J Electrocardiol. 2006 Jul; 39(3):305-9. PMID: 16777517.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Kothavale A, Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Yarlagadda S, Lawton MT, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff JG. Predictors of left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 4(3):199-205. PMID: 16757824.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Dae MW, Miss J, Tung P, Lawton MT, Drew BJ, Foster E, Smith W, Parmley WW, Zaroff JG. Acute neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Circulation. 2005 Nov 22; 112(21):3314-9. PMID: 16286583.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Drew BJ, Pelter MM, Lee E, Zegre J, Schindler D, Fleischmann KE. Designing prehospital ECG systems for acute coronary syndromes. Lessons learned from clinical trials involving 12-lead ST-segment monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2005 Oct; 38(4 Suppl):180-5. PMID: 16226097.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Gibler WB, Cannon CP, Blomkalns AL, Char DM, Drew BJ, Hollander JE, Jaffe AS, Jesse RL, Newby LK, Ohman EM, Peterson ED, Pollack CV. Practical implementation of the Guidelines for Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Aug; 46(2):185-97. PMID: 16046952.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Tung PP, Olmsted E, Kopelnik A, Banki NM, Drew BJ, Ko N, Lawton MT, Smith W, Foster E, Young WL, Zaroff JG. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels are associated with early cardiac dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1567-9. PMID: 15947264.
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    84. Lux R, Bilbao M, Pelter M, Fleischmann K, Zegre J, Schindler D, Drew B. Optimal leads, estimation, and continuous monitoring improve detection of acute MI and transient ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2004; 37 Suppl:240-3. PMID: 15534848.
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    86. Booker KJ, Holm K, Drew BJ, Lanuza DM, Hicks FD, Carrigan T, Wright M, Moran J. Frequency and outcomes of transient myocardial ischemia in critically ill adults admitted for noncardiac conditions. Am J Crit Care. 2003 Nov; 12(6):508-16; discussion 517. PMID: 14619356.
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    88. Adams-Hamoda MG, Caldwell MA, Stotts NA, Drew BJ. Factors to consider when analyzing 12-lead electrocardiograms for evidence of acute myocardial ischemia. Am J Crit Care. 2003 Jan; 12(1):9-16; quiz 17-8. PMID: 12526232.
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    89. Drew BJ. Celebrating the 100th birthday of the electrocardiogram: lessons learned from research in cardiac monitoring. Am J Crit Care. 2002 Jul; 11(4):378-86; quiz 387-8. PMID: 12102439.
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    90. Pelter MM, Adams MG, Drew BJ. Association of transient myocardial ischemia with adverse in-hospital outcomes for angina patients treated in a telemetry unit or a coronary care unit. Am J Crit Care. 2002 Jul; 11(4):318-25. PMID: 12102432.
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    91. Booker KJ, Drew BJ, Lux RL, Johanson P, Krucoff MW, Hampton D, Hubelbank M, Feild DQ, Stadler RW, Mortara DM. The first ISCE Board of "Trustees" overview panel session: ischemia monitoring, state of the art. International Society of Computerized Electrocardiology. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:207-30. PMID: 12539121.
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    92. Adams MG, Drew BJ. Efficacy of 2 strategies to detect body position ST-segment changes during continuous 12-lead electrocardiographic monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:193-200. PMID: 12539117.
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    93. Drew BJ, Pelter MM, Brodnick DE, Yadav AV, Dempel D, Adams MG. Comparison of a new reduced lead set ECG with the standard ECG for diagnosing cardiac arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:13-21. PMID: 12539095.
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