Elena Flowers, PhD, RN

Title(s)Associate Professor, Physiological Nursing
SchoolSchool of Nursing
Address2 Koret Way
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-476-0983
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-7054-7533 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPh.D.2012 Nursing
    University of California, San FranciscoM.A.S. in Clinical Research2010 Graduate Division (Advanced Training in Clinical Research)
    University of California, San FranciscoM.S.2007 Nursing
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Heart Association2012Martha N. Hill New Investigator Award Finalist
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation2014Nurse Faculty Scholars Finalist
    Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association2017Fellow
    American Heart Association2017Fellow

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Circulating MicroRNAs predict glycemic improvement and response to a behavioral intervention. Biomark Res. 2021 Aug 23; 9(1):65. Flowers E, Allen IE, Kanaya AM, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 34425916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. The association of COVID-19 infection in pregnancy with preterm birth: A retrospective cohort study in California. Lancet Reg Health Am. 2021 Oct; 2:100027. Karasek D, Baer RJ, McLemore MR, Bell AJ, Blebu BE, Casey JA, Coleman-Phox K, Costello JM, Felder JN, Flowers E, Fuchs JD, Gomez AM, Karvonen K, Kuppermann M, Liang L, McKenzie-Sampson S, McCulloch CE, Oltman SP, Pantell MS, Piao X, Prather AA, Schmidt RJ, Scott KA, Spellen S, Stookey JD, Tesfalul M, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 34642685; PMCID: PMC8497178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. 77-OR: Circulating MicroRNAs Predict Glycemic Improvement and Response to a Behavioral Intervention. Diabetes. 2021 Jun 21; 70(Supplement 1):77-or. FLOWERS FE, ALLEN AI, KANAYA KA, AOUIZERAT AB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    4. Socioeconomic status, diabetes, and gestation length in Native American and White women. Health Psychol. 2021 Jun; 40(6):380-387. Ross KM, Oltman S, Baer R, Altman M, Flowers E, Feuer S, Gomez AM, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. PMID: 34323540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Circulating microRNAs associated with prediabetes and geographic location in Latinos. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. 2021 Feb 11; 1-9. Flowers FE, Ramírez-Mares RJ, Velazquez-Villafaña VM, Rangel-Salazar RR, Sucher SA, Kanaya KA, Aouizerat AB, de la Vega Monroy dM. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    6. Pregnancy after bariatric surgery in women with rheumatic diseases and association with adverse birth outcomes. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021 Feb; 17(2):406-413. Singh N, Baer RJ, Swaminathan M, Saurabh S, Sparks JA, Bandoli G, Flowers E, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Ryckman KK. PMID: 33097446.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Nonstationary Bandits with Habituation and Recovery Dynamics. Operations Research. 2020 Sep 1; 68(5):1493-1516. Mintz MY, Aswani AA, Kaminsky KP, Flowers FE, Fukuoka FY. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    8. Direct-to-consumer genomic testing: Are nurses prepared? Nursing. 2020 Aug; 50(8):48-52. Flowers E, Leutwyler H, Shim JK. PMID: 32618766.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Alterations in Patterns of Gene Expression and Perturbed Pathways in the Gut-Brain Axis Are Associated With Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2020 06; 59(6):1248-1259.e5. Singh KP, Dhruva A, Flowers E, Paul SM, Hammer MJ, Wright F, Cartwright F, Conley YP, Melisko M, Levine JD, Miaskowski C, Kober KM. PMID: 31923555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. 855: Risk of adverse birth outcome among Black women with post-traumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2020 Jan 1; 222(1):s535. Chambers CB, Baer BR, Bandoli BG, Felder FJ, Feuer FS, Flowers FE, Franck FL, Gomez GA, Karasek KD, Nidey NN, Oltman OS, Rogers RE, Scott SK, Rand RL, Ryckman RK, Jelliffe-Pawlowski JL. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    11. Socioeconomic Status, Preeclampsia Risk and Gestational Length in Black and White Women. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019 12; 6(6):1182-1191. Ross KM, Dunkel Schetter C, McLemore MR, Chambers BD, Paynter RA, Baer R, Feuer SK, Flowers E, Karasek D, Pantell M, Prather AA, Ryckman K, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. PMID: 31368002.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. 2429-PUB: Circulating microRNAs Are Associated with Glycemic Variability over a 12-Month Period. Diabetes. 2019 Jun 1; 68(Supplement 1):2429-pub. FLOWERS FE, ALLEN AI, KANAYA KA, AOUIZERAT AB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    13. 2428-PUB: Circulating microRNAs Are Associated with Latino Ancestry but Not Prediabetes. Diabetes. 2019 Jun 1; 68(Supplement 1):2428-pub. FLOWERS FE, LAZO-DE-LA-VEGA-MONROY LM, SUCHER SA, AOUIZERAT AB, KANAYA KA. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    14. Pairing pedagogical and genomic advances to prepare advanced practice nurses for the era of precision health. BMC Med Educ. 2019 Apr 23; 19(1):112. Flowers E, Martin M, Abid H, Binford S, Mackin L. PMID: 31014332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Body Composition and Diabetes Risk in South Asians: Findings From the MASALA and MESA Studies. Diabetes Care. 2019 05; 42(5):946-953. Flowers E, Lin F, Kandula NR, Allison M, Carr JJ, Ding J, Shah R, Liu K, Herrington D, Kanaya AM. PMID: 30796111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Abstract # 2036 Recent stimulant use and leukocyte gene expression in methamphetamine users with treated HIV infection. Brain Behavior and Immunity. 2019 Feb 1; 76:e1. Carrico CA, Flentje FA, Kober KK, Lee LS, Hunt HP, Riley RE, Shoptaw SS, Flowers FE, Dilworth DS, Pahwa PS, Aouizerat AB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    17. A Pilot Study Using a Multistaged Integrated Analysis of Gene Expression and Methylation to Evaluate Mechanisms for Evening Fatigue in Women Who Received Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer. Biol Res Nurs. 2019 03; 21(2):142-156. Flowers E, Flentje A, Levine J, Olshen A, Hammer M, Paul S, Conley Y, Miaskowski C, Kober KM. PMID: 30701989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. 695: Recurrence of early preterm, late preterm, and early term birth by race/ethnicity and insurance status. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2019 Jan 1; 220(1):s459. Karasek KD, Baer BR, Anderson AJ, Arcara AJ, Berkowitz BR, Chambers CB, Feuer FS, Flowers FE, Fuchs FJ, Gomez GA, Hamad HR, Kuppermann KM, Pacheco-Werner PT, Pantell PM, Oltman OS, Rand RL, Ryckman RK, Jelliffe-Pawlwski JL. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    19. Second trimester inflammatory and metabolic markers in women delivering preterm with and without preeclampsia. J Perinatol. 2019 02; 39(2):314-320. Ross KM, Baer RJ, Ryckman K, Feuer SK, Bandoli G, Chambers C, Flowers E, Liang L, Oltman S, Dunkel Schetter C, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. PMID: 30518800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Behavioral Modeling in Weight Loss Interventions. Eur J Oper Res. 2019 Feb 01; 272(3):1058-1072. Aswani A, Kaminsky P, Mintz Y, Flowers E, Fukuoka Y. PMID: 30778275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Risk Factors Associated With Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea in the Week Before the Next Cycle and Impact of Nausea on Quality of Life Outcomes. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 09; 56(3):352-362. Singh KP, Kober KM, Dhruva AA, Flowers E, Paul SM, Hammer MJ, Cartwright F, Wright F, Conley YP, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. PMID: 29857180.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Mechanisms and Measurement of Changes in Gene Expression. Biol Res Nurs. 2018 07; 20(4):369-382. Singh KP, Miaskowski C, Dhruva AA, Flowers E, Kober KM. PMID: 29706088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    23. Recent stimulant use and leukocyte gene expression in methamphetamine users with treated HIV infection. Brain Behav Immun. 2018 07; 71:108-115. Carrico AW, Flentje A, Kober K, Lee S, Hunt P, Riley ED, Shoptaw S, Flowers E, Dilworth SE, Pahwa S, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 29679637.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Minority stress and leukocyte gene expression in sexual minority men living with treated HIV infection. Brain Behav Immun. 2018 05; 70:335-345. Flentje A, Kober KM, Carrico AW, Neilands TB, Flowers E, Heck NC, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 29548994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Personalizing Mobile Fitness Apps using Reinforcement Learning. CEUR Workshop Proc. 2018 Mar 07; 2068. Zhou M, Mintz Y, Fukuoka Y, Goldberg K, Flowers E, Kaminsky P, Castillejo A, Aswani A. PMID: 32405286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    26. Evaluating Machine Learning-Based Automated Personalized Daily Step Goals Delivered Through a Mobile Phone App: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018 Jan 25; 6(1):e28. Zhou M, Fukuoka Y, Mintz Y, Goldberg K, Kaminsky P, Flowers E, Aswani A. PMID: 29371177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    
    27. A review of the literature on the relationships between genetic polymorphisms and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2018 Jan; 121:51-61. Singh KP, Dhruva AA, Flowers E, Kober KM, Miaskowski C. PMID: 29279099.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Preliminary evidence supports circulating microRNAs as prognostic biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. Obes Sci Pract. 2017 12; 3(4):446-452. Flowers E, Kanaya AM, Fukuoka Y, Allen IE, Cooper B, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 29259803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    29. Serum BDNF Is Positively Associated With Negative Symptoms in Older Adults With Schizophrenia. Biol Res Nurs. 2018 01; 20(1):63-69. Binford SS, Hubbard EM, Flowers E, Miller BL, Leutwyler H. PMID: 29050493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Differential expression of genes and differentially perturbed pathways associated with very high evening fatigue in oncology patients receiving chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2018 Mar; 26(3):739-750. Flowers E, Miaskowski C, Conley Y, Hammer MJ, Levine J, Mastick J, Paul S, Wright F, Kober K. PMID: 28944404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Gene-environment interactions in cardiovascular disease. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2016 Jul 10; 147451511243759. Flowers FE, Froelicher FE, Aouizerat AB. .
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    32. Abstract P086: Circulating MicroRNAs are Associated with Abdominal Adiposity and Fatty Liver in Asian Indians. Circulation. 2016 Mar 1; 133(suppl_1). Miles MK, Kanaya KA, Flowers FE. .
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    33. Circulating micrornas associated with glycemic impairment and progression in Asian Indians. Biomark Res. 2015; 3:22. Flowers E, Gadgil M, Aouizerat BE, Kanaya AM. PMID: 26966540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    34. Circulating microRNA-320a and microRNA-486 predict thiazolidinedione response: Moving towards precision health for diabetes prevention. Metabolism. 2015 Sep; 64(9):1051-9. Flowers E, Aouizerat BE, Abbasi F, Lamendola C, Grove KM, Fukuoka Y, Reaven GM. PMID: 26031505.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Abstract P300: Circulating MicroRNAs Associated with Glycemic Impairment and Progression in Asian Indians. Circulation. 2015 Mar 10; 131(suppl_1). Flowers FE, Aouizerat AB, Gadgil GM, Kanaya KA. .
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    36. Use of plasma triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio to identify increased cardio-metabolic risk in young, healthy South Asians. Indian J Med Res. 2015 Jan; 141(1):68-74. Flowers E, Molina C, Mathur A, Reaven GM. PMID: 25857497.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. MicroRNAs associated with exercise and diet: a systematic review. Physiol Genomics. 2015 Jan 01; 47(1):1-11. Flowers E, Won GY, Fukuoka Y. PMID: 25465031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. The relationship of lipoprotein(a), C-reactive protein and homocysteine with metabolic syndrome in South Asians. Journal of Indian College of Cardiology. 2014 Dec 1; 4(4):208-213. Prasad PM, Flowers FE, Divakaruni DM, Molina MC, Mathur MA, Assimes AT, Aouizerat AB, Sathe SA, Malhotra MD, Turakhia TM. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    39. Effectiveness of a community screening program for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factor identification in young South Asians adults. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2015 Jan-Mar; 9(1):38-41. Prasad M, Flowers E, Mathur A, Sridhar V, Molina C, Turakhia M. PMID: 25470638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    40. Hyperglycemia is associated with corrected QT prolongation and mortality in acutely ill patients. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):264-70. Pickham D, Flowers E, Drew BJ. PMID: 23364575.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. SCREENING FOR CARDIOVASCULAR RISK IN YOUNG SOUTH ASIANS: A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014 Apr 1; 63(12):a1418. Prasad PM, Flowers FE, Mathur MA, Molina MC, Turakhia TM. .
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    42. Abstract P175: Effectiveness Of A Community Screening Program For Metabolic Syndrome And Cardiovascular Risk Factor Identification In Young South Asians Adults. Circulation. 2014 Mar 25; 129(suppl_1). Prasad PM, Flowers FE, Mathur MA, Sridhar SV, Molina MC, Turakhia TM. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    43. MicroRNA associated with dyslipidemia and coronary disease in humans. Physiol Genomics. 2013 Dec 15; 45(24):1199-205. Flowers E, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 24170031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    44. Adiposity and cardiovascular risk clustering in South Asians. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2013 Dec; 11(6):434-40. Flowers E, Molina C, Mathur A, Reaven GM. PMID: 24004335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. MicroRNA associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia in South Asian men. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 12; 168(5):4884-5. Flowers E, Singh K, Molina C, Mathur A, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 23871617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. A culturally specific health coaching program targeting cardiovascular disease risk in South Asians: rationale, design, and baseline data. Ethn Dis. 2013; 23(3):304-9. Sathe A, Flowers E, Mathur A, Garcia DM, Kotrys J, Gandhi R, Molina C, Mathur A. PMID: 23914415.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Response to: the important role of microRNAs in lipid metabolism. Metabolism. 2013 Mar; 62(3):e3. Flowers E. PMID: 23142164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    48. MicroRNA regulation of lipid metabolism. Metabolism. 2013 Jan; 62(1):12-20. Flowers E, Froelicher ES, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 22607769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    49. Abstract P199: Mean Lipoprotein Levels and Composition in South Asian-Americans Compared to the US Population. Circulation. 2012 Mar 13; 125(suppl_10). Flowers FE, Molina MC, Mathur MA, Aouizerat AB, Turakhia TM. .
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    50. Gene-environment interactions in cardiovascular disease. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2012 Dec; 11(4):472-8. Flowers E, Froelicher ES, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 21684212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    51. Measurement of MicroRNA: a regulator of gene expression. Biol Res Nurs. 2013 Apr; 15(2):167-78. Flowers E, Froelicher ES, Aouizerat BE. PMID: 22204760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    52. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in South Asians residing in the United States. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2010 Oct; 8(5):417-23. Flowers E, Molina C, Mathur A, Prasad M, Abrams L, Sathe A, Malhotra D, Basra R, Malgesini N, Ratnam G, Aouizerat BE, Turakhia MP. PMID: 20939706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIPOPROTEIN(A), HOMOCYSTEINE, AND C-REACTIVE PROTEIN AND METABOLIC SYNDROME IN SOUTH ASIAN PATIENTS. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2010 Mar 1; 55(10):a52.e494. Divakaruni DM, Flowers FE, Molina MC, Mathur MA, Prasad PM, Abrams AL, Sathe SA, Malhotra MD, Basra BR, Ratnam RG, Aouizerat AB, Turakhia TM. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
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