Elham Khanafshar, MD

Title(s)Professor, Pathology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address513 Parnassus Avenue, HSW
San Francisco CA 94143
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    1. Correlation of Cytologic and Radiologic Features with Molecular Finding in Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules. Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. 2022 Nov 1; 11(6):s70. Lee LH, Khanafshar KE, Ljung LB, Hosseini HM. .
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    2. Non-Iodine-Avid Disease Is Highly Prevalent in Distant Metastatic Differentiated Thyroid Cancer With Papillary Histology. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2022 07 14; 107(8):e3206-e3216. Soe MH, Chiang JM, Flavell RR, Khanafshar E, Mendoza L, Kang H, Liu C. PMID: 35556126; PMCID: PMC9282362.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. B1 Vitamin Deficiency After Bariatric Surgery, Prevalence, and Symptoms: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obes Surg. 2022 09; 32(9):3104-3112. Bahardoust M, Eghbali F, Shahmiri SS, Alijanpour A, Yarigholi F, Valizadeh R, Madankan A, Pouraskari AB, Ashtarinezhad B, Farokhi H, Sarafraz H, Khanafshar E. PMID: 35776243.
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    4. Hidden retained surgical sponge with intestinal migration: A rare case report. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. 2022 Jun 5; 95:107274. Eghbali EF, Bhahdoust BM, Madankan MA, Mosavari MH, Vaseghi VH, Khanafshar KE. .
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    5. Retroperitoneal duodenal perforation due to COVID-19: An extremely rare case report. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2022 Jun; 95:107191. Eghbali F, Bhahdoust M, Khanafshar E, Pazouki A, Shahabi S, Kermansaravi M. PMID: 35572616; PMCID: PMC9091164.
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    6. Excellence Available Everywhere: The Virtual Pathology Grand Rounds Experience. Am J Clin Pathol. 2021 10 13; 156(5):839-845. Mirza KM, Gonzalez RS, Jiang XS, Khanafshar E, Wobker SE. PMID: 33978152; PMCID: PMC8136053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Comparison of Perspectives on a Unified Cytopathology Fellowship Recruitment: Results of the ASC Cytopathology Program Director and Trainee Surveys 2021. Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. 2021 Sep 1; 10(5):s3. Akhtar AI, Wu WR, Khurana KK, Khanafshar KE, Khader KS, Abramovich AC, Salomao SD, Gimenez GC, Elatre EW, Ely EK, Monaco MS. .
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    8. Fine-needle aspiration performance during cytopathology fellowship: what do the ACGME case logs show us? J Am Soc Cytopathol. 2021 Sep-Oct; 10(5):504-509. Salomao D, Wu RI, Hatlak K, Khanafshar E, Monaco SE. PMID: 34229981.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. Clinical Behaviors of Atypical Parathyroid Adenomas. Journal of the Endocrine Society. 2021 May 3; 5(Supplement_1):a258-a259. Pearlstein PS, Eric EK, Kate KC, Khanafshar KE, Duh DQ. .
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    10. Cervical Lymph Node Features Predictive of Suboptimal Adequacy During Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration in Thyroid Cancer Patients. J Ultrasound Med. 2022 Jan; 41(1):135-145. Chen JV, Morgan TA, Liu C, Khanafshar E, Choi HH. PMID: 33665844.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Disseminated Legionella micdadei infection in a liver transplant patient presenting as pulmonary nodules and a laryngeal lesion. Transpl Infect Dis. 2021 Jun; 23(3):e13563. Bond AR, Bainbridge E, Doernberg SB, Babik JM, Miller S, Khanafshar E, Henry T, David A, Russell M, Brandman D, Sherman CB, Yao F, Fung M. PMID: 33434394.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Molecular cytopathology diagnosis of a lung neoplasm: Case report of an unusual non-small cell carcinoma with MET exon 14 skipping mutation. Diagn Cytopathol. 2021 Jul; 49(7):E258-E261. Hosseini SM, Khanafshar E, Seeley EJ, Ruiz-Cordero R. PMID: 33433963.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma With Leptomeningeal Disease Using Intrathecal Immunotherapy. JCO Oncol Pract. 2020 11; 16(11):757-759. Huppert LA, Melisko ME, Glastonbury CM, Khanafshar E, Daud AI. PMID: 32603255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. The diagnostic utility of next-generation sequencing on FNA biopsies of melanocytic uveal lesions. Cancer Cytopathol. 2020 07; 128(7):499-505. Han LM, Khanafshar E, Afshar AR, Calkins SM. PMID: 32196967.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. PTH hypersecretion triggered by a GABAB1 and Ca2+-sensing receptor heterocomplex in hyperparathyroidism. Nat Metab. 2020 03; 2(3):243-255. Chang W, Tu CL, Jean-Alphonse FG, Herberger A, Cheng Z, Hwong J, Ho H, Li A, Wang D, Liu H, White AD, Suh I, Shen W, Duh QY, Khanafshar E, Shoback DM, Xiao K, Vilardaga JP. PMID: 32694772; PMCID: PMC7377265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    16. Breaking Down Silos: The Importance of Interprofessional Communication Between Cytopathology and Gynecology for Cervical Samples. Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. 2019 Sep 1; 8(5):s51-s52. Han HL, Grochowski GJ, Juan JI, Khanafshar KE. .
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    17. Case report of a neuroendocrine tumor of the thyroid gland with limited calcitonin expression: a diagnostic challenge. AME Case Rep. 2019; 3:12. Sukpanich R, Khanafshar E, Suh I, Gosnell J. PMID: 31231713; PMCID: PMC6556684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    18. Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) in thyroid tumor classification. Pathol Int. 2018 06; 68(6):327-333. Kakudo K, El-Naggar AK, Hodak SP, Khanafshar E, Nikiforov YE, Nosé V, Thompson LDR. PMID: 29675873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Squamous differentiation in papillary thyroid carcinoma: a rare feature of aggressive disease. J Surg Res. 2018 03; 223:39-45. Beninato T, Kluijfhout WP, Drake FT, Khanafshar E, Gosnell JE, Shen WT, Duh QY, Suh I. PMID: 29433884.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Cytology cases of the week: an educational tool that improves trainee exposure to cytology. J Am Soc Cytopathol. 2018 Mar - Apr; 7(2):106-110. Can NT, White KL, Calkins S, Ljung BM, Khanafshar E. PMID: 31043253.
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    21. Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features: a review for pathologists. Mod Pathol. 2018 01; 31(1):39-55. Seethala RR, Baloch ZW, Barletta JA, Khanafshar E, Mete O, Sadow PM, LiVolsi VA, Nikiforov YE, Tallini G, Thompson LD. PMID: 29052599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Squamous Differentiation in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: a Rare Feature of Aggressive Disease. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2016 Oct 1; 223(4):e98-e99. Beninato BT, Kluijfhout KW, Drake DF, Khanafshar KE, Gosnell GJ, Shen SW, Duh DQ, Suh SI. .
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    23. Association Between BRAF V600E Mutation and Decreased Survival in Patients Locoregionally Irradiated for Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma. International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics. 2016 Oct 1; 96(2):e356. Choi CS, Shugard SE, Khanafshar KE, Quivey QJ, Garsa GA, Yom YS. .
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    24. Nomenclature Revision for Encapsulated Follicular Variant of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Paradigm Shift to Reduce Overtreatment of Indolent Tumors. JAMA Oncol. 2016 08 01; 2(8):1023-9. Nikiforov YE, Seethala RR, Tallini G, Baloch ZW, Basolo F, Thompson LD, Barletta JA, Wenig BM, Al Ghuzlan A, Kakudo K, Giordano TJ, Alves VA, Khanafshar E, Asa SL, El-Naggar AK, Gooding WE, Hodak SP, Lloyd RV, Maytal G, Mete O, Nikiforova MN, Nosé V, Papotti M, Poller DN, Sadow PM, Tischler AS, Tuttle RM, Wall KB, LiVolsi VA, Randolph GW, Ghossein RA. PMID: 27078145; PMCID: PMC5539411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 339     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Intrapancreatic accessory spleen: utilization of fine needle aspiration for diagnosis of a potential mimic of a pancreatic neoplasm. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2016 Apr; 7(Suppl 1):S62-5. Saunders TA, Miller TR, Khanafshar E. PMID: 27034814; PMCID: PMC4783615.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7  
    26. Does radiation dose matter in thyroid cancer?: Patterns of local-regional failure in recurrent and metastatic well-differentiated thyroid cancers treated with dose-painted intensity-modulated radiation therapy. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2016 Aug; 60(4):560-7. Shugard E, Chen J, Quivey JM, Glastonbury CM, Khanafshar E, Garsa AA, George JR, Yom SS. PMID: 27020481.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Thyroid Cytology: Benefits and Problems. Textbook of Endocrine Surgery. 2016 Jan 1; 219-219. Khanafshar KE, Zante ZA. .
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    28. Microscopic Positive Tumor Margin Does Not Increase the Risk of Recurrence in Patients with T1-T2 Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016 May; 23(5):1446-51. Kluijfhout WP, Pasternak JD, Kwon JS, Lim J, Shen WT, Gosnell JE, Khanafshar E, Duh QY, Suh I. PMID: 26628431.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Phase I dose-escalation study of 5-day intermittent oral lapatinib therapy in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-overexpressing breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2014 May 10; 32(14):1472-9. Chien AJ, Munster PN, Melisko ME, Rugo HS, Park JW, Goga A, Auerback G, Khanafshar E, Ordovas K, Koch KM, Moasser MM. PMID: 24711549; PMCID: PMC4017711.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    30. Salivary Gland and Soft Tissue Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration. AJSP Review and Reports. 2013 Jan 1; 18(1):43-47. Khanafshar KE, Ljung LB. .
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    31. Parathyroid Carcinoma. AJSP Review and Reports. 2011 Jul 1; 16(4):157-160. Khanafshar KE, van Zante vA. .
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    32. A tumor-suppressing function in the epithelial adhesion protein Trask. Oncogene. 2012 Jan 26; 31(4):419-31. Spassov DS, Wong CH, Harris G, McDonough S, Phojanakong P, Wang D, Hann B, Bazarov AV, Yaswen P, Khanafshar E, Moasser MM. PMID: 21706059; PMCID: PMC3184310.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    33. A phase I dose and exposure escalation study of 5-day intermittent oral lapatinib (Lp) therapy in patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer (BC). Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2011 May 20; 29(15_suppl):e11077-e11077. Chien CA, Koch KK, Auerback AG, Rugo RH, Melisko MM, Park PJ, Khanafshar KE, Ordovas OK, Munster MP, Moasser MM. .
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    34. Medullary Thyroid Cancer: It is a pain in the neck? J Cancer. 2011 Apr 08; 2:200-5. Guerrero MA, Lindsay S, Suh I, Vriens MR, Khanafshar E, Shen WT, Gosnell J, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 21509150; PMCID: PMC3079917.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    35. Higher rate of BRAF mutation in papillary thyroid cancer over time: a single-institution study. Cancer. 2011 Oct 01; 117(19):4390-5. Mathur A, Moses W, Rahbari R, Khanafshar E, Duh QY, Clark O, Kebebew E. PMID: 21412762; PMCID: PMC3131457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    36. Matrix Metalloproteinase Gene Expression Profiles Of Central Neck Lymph Node Metastases In Papillary Thyroid Cancer. Journal of Surgical Research. 2011 Feb 1; 165(2):296-297. Mitmaker ME, Grogan GR, Kansopon KJ, Khanafshar KE, Harari HA, Gosnell GJ, Clark CO, Duh DQ, Shen SW. .
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    37. Metastatic papillary thyroid cancer misdiagnosed as non-small [corrected] cell lung cancer. Thyroid. 2011 Mar; 21(3):319-23. Moalem J, Choi DX, Khanafshar E, Ruan DT, Woeber KA, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 21254936.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Papillary thyroid carcinoma variants. Head Neck Pathol. 2011 Mar; 5(1):51-6. Lloyd RV, Buehler D, Khanafshar E. PMID: 21221869; PMCID: PMC3037461.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 90     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. The spectrum of papillary thyroid carcinoma variants. Adv Anat Pathol. 2011 Jan; 18(1):90-7. Khanafshar E, Lloyd RV. PMID: 21169742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. A large multicenter correlation study of thyroid nodule cytopathology and histopathology. Thyroid. 2011 Mar; 21(3):243-51. Wang CC, Friedman L, Kennedy GC, Wang H, Kebebew E, Steward DL, Zeiger MA, Westra WH, Wang Y, Khanafshar E, Fellegara G, Rosai J, Livolsi V, Lanman RB. PMID: 21190442; PMCID: PMC3698689.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 107     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. A prospective study evaluating the accuracy of using combined clinical factors and candidate diagnostic markers to refine the accuracy of thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy. Surgery. 2010 Dec; 148(6):1170-6; discussion 1176-7. Mathur A, Weng J, Moses W, Steinberg SM, Rahbari R, Rahabari R, Kitano M, Khanafshar E, Ljung BM, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 21134548; PMCID: PMC3052943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Identification of differentially expressed microRNA in parathyroid tumors. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Apr; 18(4):1158-65. Rahbari R, Holloway AK, He M, Khanafshar E, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 21086055; PMCID: PMC3449317.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Molecular testing for somatic mutations improves the accuracy of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy. World J Surg. 2010 Nov; 34(11):2589-94. Moses W, Weng J, Sansano I, Peng M, Khanafshar E, Ljung BM, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 20703476; PMCID: PMC2949559.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    44. MicroRNA profiling of benign and malignant pheochromocytomas identifies novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2010 Sep; 17(3):835-46. Meyer-Rochow GY, Jackson NE, Conaglen JV, Whittle DE, Kunnimalaiyaan M, Chen H, Westin G, Sandgren J, Stålberg P, Khanafshar E, Shibru D, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E, Gill AJ, Clifton-Bligh R, Robinson BG, Benn DE, Sidhu SB. PMID: 20621999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Intraoperative diagnostic strategy to distinguish parathyroid adenomas from metastatic thyroid cancer. Endocr Pract. 2009 Jul-Aug; 15(5):454-7. Guerrero MA, Vriens MR, Suh I, Khanafshar E, Clark OH. PMID: 19491067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Multiple genetic alterations in papillary thyroid cancer are associated with younger age at presentation. J Surg Res. 2010 May 15; 160(2):179-83. Moses W, Weng J, Khanafshar E, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 19765726.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. A phase I dose-escalation study of 5-day intermittent oral lapatinib therapy with biomarker analysis in patients with HER-2–overexpressing breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2009 May 20; 27(15_suppl):e14530-e14530. Chien CA, Auerback AG, Rugo RH, Melisko MM, Munster MP, Khanafshar KE, Ordovas OK, Petricoin PE, Koch KK, Moasser MM. .
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    48. Defining a molecular phenotype for benign and malignant parathyroid tumors. Cancer. 2009 Jan 15; 115(2):334-44. Fernandez-Ranvier GG, Khanafshar E, Tacha D, Wong M, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 19107770.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Mitogen-inducible gene-6 expression correlates with survival and is an independent predictor of recurrence in BRAF(V600E) positive papillary thyroid cancers. Surgery. 2008 Dec; 144(6):908-13; discussion 913-4. Ruan DT, Warren RS, Moalem J, Chung KW, Griffin AC, Shen W, Duh QY, Nakakura E, Donner DB, Khanafshar E, Weng J, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 19040996.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Does the 3-gene diagnostic assay accurately distinguish benign from malignant thyroid neoplasms? Cancer. 2008 Sep 01; 113(5):930-5. Shibru D, Hwang J, Khanafshar E, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 18661512.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Identification of biomarkers of adrenocortical carcinoma using genomewide gene expression profiling. Arch Surg. 2008 Sep; 143(9):841-6; discussion 846. Fernandez-Ranvier GG, Weng J, Yeh RF, Khanafshar E, Suh I, Barker C, Duh QY, Clark OH, Kebebew E. PMID: 18794420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Tumor size predicts malignant potential in Hürthle cell neoplasms of the thyroid. World J Surg. 2008 May; 32(5):702-7. Sippel RS, Elaraj DM, Khanafshar E, Zarnegar R, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 18224463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Nonfunctioning parathyroid carcinoma: case report and review of literature. Endocr Pract. 2007 Nov-Dec; 13(7):750-7. Fernandez-Ranvier GG, Jensen K, Khanafshar E, Quivey JM, Glastonbury C, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 18194932.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Does the presence of additional thyroid nodules on ultrasound alter the risk of malignancy in patients with a follicular neoplasm of the thyroid? Surgery. 2007 Dec; 142(6):851-7; discussion 857.e1-2. Sippel RS, Elaraj DM, Khanafshar E, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 18063067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Parathyroid carcinoma, atypical parathyroid adenoma, or parathyromatosis? Cancer. 2007 Jul 15; 110(2):255-64. Fernandez-Ranvier GG, Khanafshar E, Jensen K, Zarnegar R, Lee J, Kebebew E, Duh QY, Clark OH. PMID: 17559137.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the breast. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2005 Jun; 9(3):123-9. Khanafshar E, Phillipson J, Schammel DP, Minobe L, Cymerman J, Weidner N. PMID: 15944952.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Internet teleconferencing method for telepathology consultations from lung and heart transplant patients. Hum Pathol. 2002 Apr; 33(4):410-4. Marchevsky AM, Lau SK, Khanafshar E, Lockhart C, Phan A, Michaels PJ, Fishbein MC. PMID: 12055675.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Transmission of hepatitis B infection from hepatitis B core antibody--positive liver allografts is prevented by lamivudine therapy. Liver Transpl. 2001 Jun; 7(6):513-7. Yu AS, Vierling JM, Colquhoun SD, Arnaout WS, Chan CK, Khanafshar E, Geller SA, Nichols WS, Fong TL. PMID: 11443579.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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