Galen Joseph, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Humanities & Social Sciences
SchoolSchool of Medicine
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-9179-7075 Additional info
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, Santa CruzPhD06/1999Cultural Anthropology
    Wesleyan University, Middletown, CTBA05/1988Anthropology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Galen Joseph, Ph.D. is a Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology, History and Social Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. She is also a member of the Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center and Affiliate Faculty with the Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital. Her research, at the intersection of medical anthropology and public health, investigates the socio-cultural and institutional dimensions of inequities in cancer care by using mixed methods and community based participatory research. Key areas of interest include: health disparities, genomic medicine, translational medicine, clinical trials recruitment, clinical trials education, health communication and health literacy, cancer, migration, globalization, and identity.

    Dr. Joseph is a founding member of the International Network for the Comparative understanding of BRCA breast cancer gene research and medical practices, an interdisciplinary working group which aims to understand the development of research and medical practices related to the BRCA genes in multiple national contexts. Along with other members of the group, Dr. Joseph edited the recently published a volume of essays "Breast Cancer Gene Research and Medical Practices: Transnational perspectives in the time of BRCA" (Routledge 2014). Prior to her work at UCSF, she received her PhD in Cultural Anthropology from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in Migration, Globalization and Citizenship at Yale University’s Center for International & Area Studies.
    Collapse Interests

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Precision Genomics in the WISDOM Pragmatic Clinical Trial: An Embedded ELSI Study of Risk-based Breast Cancer Screening
    NIH R01CA211999Jan 12, 2017 - Dec 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator (MPI)
    Comparison of 3 Modes of Genetic Counseling in High-Risk Public Hospital Patients
    NIH R01CA197784Apr 12, 2016 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Exome sequencing in Diverse Populations in Colorado & Oregon
    NIH U01HG007292Jun 14, 2013 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Engaging Underserved Women in Health Research
    California Breast Cancer Research Program 20BB-2100

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Academic Senate

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Community research collaboration to develop a promotores-based hereditary breast cancer education program for Spanish-speaking Latinas. Health Educ Res. 2021 07 12; 36(3):319-336. Almeida R, Lopez-Macha A, Dugatkin T, Joseph G, Duron Y, Hurtado de Mendoza A, D Graves K, Fejerman L. PMID: 34113985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Cancer Health Assessments Reaching Many (CHARM): A clinical trial assessing a multimodal cancer genetics services delivery program and its impact on diverse populations. Contemp Clin Trials. 2021 07; 106:106432. Mittendorf KF, Kauffman TL, Amendola LM, Anderson KP, Biesecker BB, Dorschner MO, Duenas DM, Eubanks DJ, Feigelson HS, Gilmore MJ, Hunter JE, Joseph G, Kraft SA, Lee SSJ, Leo MC, Liles EG, Lindberg NM, Muessig KR, Okuyama S, Porter KM, Riddle LS, Rolf BA, Rope AF, Zepp JM, Jarvik GP, Wilfond BS, Goddard KAB, CHARM study team . PMID: 33984519.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    3. eP317 Genomic sequencing results disclosure in diverse and underserved populations: themes, challenges and strategies from the CSER Consortium. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. 2021 Apr 1; 132:s201-s203. Amendola AL, Suckiel SS, O’Daniel OJ, Donohue DK, Gallagher GK, Gilmore GM, Hendon HL, Joseph JG, Lianoglou LB, Mathews MJ, Norton NM, Ogdis OJ, Poss PA, Rego RS, Scollon SS, Yip YT. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    4. Genomic Sequencing Results Disclosure in Diverse and Medically Underserved Populations: Themes, Challenges, and Strategies from the CSER Consortium. J Pers Med. 2021 Mar 13; 11(3). Suckiel SA, O'Daniel JM, Donohue KE, Gallagher KM, Gilmore MJ, Hendon LG, Joseph G, Lianoglou BR, Mathews JM, Norton ME, Odgis JA, Poss AF, Rego S, Scollon S, Yip T, Amendola LM. PMID: 33805616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Development and early implementation of an Accessible, Relational, Inclusive and Actionable approach to genetic counseling: The ARIA model. Patient Educ Couns. 2021 05; 104(5):969-978. Riddle L, Amendola LM, Gilmore MJ, Guerra C, Biesecker B, Kauffman TL, Anderson K, Rope AF, Leo MC, Caruncho M, Jarvik GP, Wilfond B, Goddard KAB, Joseph G. PMID: 33549385.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. A review and definition of 'usual care' in genetic counseling trials to standardize use in research. J Genet Couns. 2021 02; 30(1):42-50. Biesecker BB, Lillie SE, Amendola LM, Donohue KE, East KM, Foreman AKM, Gilmore MJ, Greve V, Liangolou B, O'Daniel JM, Odgis JA, Rego S, Rolf B, Scollon S, Suckiel SA, Zepp J, Joseph G. PMID: 33278053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Lessons learned about harmonizing survey measures for the CSER consortium. J Clin Transl Sci. 2020 Apr 24; 4(6):537-546. Goddard KAB, Angelo FAN, Ackerman SL, Berg JS, Biesecker BB, Danila MI, East KM, Hindorff LA, Horowitz CR, Hunter JE, Joseph G, Knight SJ, McGuire A, Muessig KR, Ou J, Outram S, Rahn EJ, Ramos MA, Rini C, Robinson JO, Smith HS, Waltz M, Lee SS. PMID: 33948230.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Integrating stakeholder feedback in translational genomics research: an ethnographic analysis of a study protocol's evolution. Genet Med. 2020 06; 22(6):1094-1101. Kraft SA, McMullen C, Lindberg NM, Bui D, Shipman K, Anderson K, Joseph G, Duenas DM, Porter KM, Kauffman TL, Koomas A, Ransom CL, Jackson P, Goddard KAB, Wilfond BS, Lee SS. PMID: 32089547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Self-monitoring and reminder text messages to increase physical activity in colorectal cancer survivors (Smart Pace): a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Cancer. 2019 Mar 11; 19(1):218. Van Blarigan EL, Chan H, Van Loon K, Kenfield SA, Chan JM, Mitchell E, Zhang L, Paciorek A, Joseph G, Laffan A, Atreya CE, Fukuoka Y, Miaskowski C, Meyerhardt JA, Venook AP. PMID: 30866859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Engaging limited English proficient and ethnically diverse low-income women in health research: A randomized trial of a patient navigator intervention. Patient Educ Couns. 2019 07; 102(7):1313-1323. Nickell A, Stewart SL, Burke NJ, Guerra C, Cohen E, Lawlor C, Colen S, Cheng J, Joseph G. PMID: 30772115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Effective communication in the era of precision medicine: A pilot intervention with low health literacy patients to improve genetic counseling communication. Eur J Med Genet. 2019 May; 62(5):357-367. Joseph G, Lee R, Pasick RJ, Guerra C, Schillinger D, Rubin S. PMID: 30553023.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Genetic Counselor and Healthcare Interpreter Perspectives on the Role of Interpreters in Cancer Genetic Counseling. Health Commun. 2019 11; 34(13):1608-1618. Lara-Otero K, Weil J, Guerra C, Cheng JKY, Youngblom J, Joseph G. PMID: 30230379.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. The Clinical Sequencing Evidence-Generating Research Consortium: Integrating Genomic Sequencing in Diverse and Medically Underserved Populations. Am J Hum Genet. 2018 09 06; 103(3):319-327. Amendola LM, Berg JS, Horowitz CR, Angelo F, Bensen JT, Biesecker BB, Biesecker LG, Cooper GM, East K, Filipski K, Fullerton SM, Gelb BD, Goddard KAB, Hailu B, Hart R, Hassmiller-Lich K, Joseph G, Kenny EE, Koenig BA, Knight S, Kwok PY, Lewis KL, McGuire AL, Norton ME, Ou J, Parsons DW, Powell BC, Risch N, Robinson M, Rini C, Scollon S, Slavotinek AM, Veenstra DL, Wasserstein MP, Wilfond BS, Hindorff LA, CSER consortium , Plon SE, Jarvik GP. PMID: 30193136.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Being Present: A single-arm feasibility study of audio-based mindfulness meditation for colorectal cancer patients and caregivers. PLoS One. 2018; 13(7):e0199423. Atreya CE, Kubo A, Borno HT, Rosenthal B, Campanella M, Rettger JP, Joseph G, Allen IE, Venook AP, Altschuler A, Dhruva A. PMID: 30036361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Effect of physical activity trackers and daily text messages on quality-of-life in colorectal survivors (Smart Pace): A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2018 Mar 1; 36(7_suppl):168-168. Chan CH, Van Loon VK, Kenfield KS, Chan CJ, Mitchell ME, Zhang ZL, Paciorek PA, Joseph JG, Laffan LA, Fukuoka FY, Miaskowski MC, Meyerhardt MJ, Venook VA, Van Blarigan VE. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    16. Self-monitoring and reminder text messages to increase physical activity after colorectal cancer (CRC): A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2018 Feb 1; 36(4_suppl):615-615. Van Blarigan VE, Van Loon VK, Kenfield KS, Chan CJ, Mitchell ME, Chan CH, Zhang ZL, Paciorek PA, Joseph JG, Laffan LA, Fukuoka FY, Miaskowski MC, Meyerhardt MJ, Venook VA. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    17. Effect of physical activity trackers and daily text messages on quality-of-life in colorectal survivors (Smart Pace): A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2018 Feb 1; 36(4_suppl):559-559. Chan CH, Van Loon VK, Kenfield KS, Chan CJ, Mitchell ME, Zhang ZL, Paciorek PA, Joseph JG, Laffan LA, Fukuoka FY, Miaskowski MC, Meyerhardt MJ, Venook VA, Van Blarigan VE. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    18. Cancer genetic counseling communication with low-income Chinese immigrants. J Community Genet. 2018 Jul; 9(3):263-276. Cheng JKY, Guerra C, Pasick RJ, Schillinger D, Luce J, Joseph G. PMID: 29197036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Erratum to: Information Mismatch: Cancer Risk Counseling with Diverse Underserved Patients. J Genet Couns. 2017 10; 26(5):1105. Joseph G, Pasick RJ, Schillinger D, Luce J, Guerra C, Cheng JKY. PMID: 28432537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    20. Cancer Counseling of Low-Income Limited English Proficient Latina Women Using Medical Interpreters: Implications for Shared Decision-Making. J Genet Couns. 2018 02; 27(1):155-168. Kamara D, Weil J, Youngblom J, Guerra C, Joseph G. PMID: 28791541.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Information Mismatch: Cancer Risk Counseling with Diverse Underserved Patients. J Genet Couns. 2017 Oct; 26(5):1090-1104. Joseph G, Pasick RJ, Schillinger D, Luce J, Guerra C, Cheng JKY. PMID: 28289853.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Effective Cancer Risk Communication to Prevent Disparities in the Era of Precision Medicine. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. 2017 Mar 1; 26(3):433-433. Joseph JG, Pasick PR, Schillinger SD, Luce LJ, Cheng CJ, Guerra GC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    23. Newborn Sequencing in Genomic Medicine and Public Health. Pediatrics. 2017 Feb; 139(2). Berg JS, Agrawal PB, Bailey DB, Beggs AH, Brenner SE, Brower AM, Cakici JA, Ceyhan-Birsoy O, Chan K, Chen F, Currier RJ, Dukhovny D, Green RC, Harris-Wai J, Holm IA, Iglesias B, Joseph G, Kingsmore SF, Koenig BA, Kwok PY, Lantos J, Leeder SJ, Lewis MA, McGuire AL, Milko LV, Mooney SD, Parad RB, Pereira S, Petrikin J, Powell BC, Powell CM, Puck JM, Rehm HL, Risch N, Roche M, Shieh JT, Veeraraghavan N, Watson MS, Willig L, Yu TW, Urv T, Wise AL. PMID: 28096516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. Survivorship Care Plan Information Needs: Perspectives of Safety-Net Breast Cancer Patients. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0168383. Burke NJ, Napoles TM, Banks PJ, Orenstein FS, Luce JA, Joseph G. PMID: 27992491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Validation of an Efficient Screening Tool to Identify Low-Income Women at High Risk for Hereditary Breast Cancer. Public Health Genomics. 2016; 19(6):342-351. Stewart SL, Kaplan CP, Lee R, Joseph G, Karliner L, Livaudais-Toman J, Pasick RJ. PMID: 27788513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Effective Referral of Low-Income Women at Risk for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer to Genetic Counseling: A Randomized Delayed Intervention Control Trial. Am J Public Health. 2016 Oct; 106(10):1842-8. Pasick RJ, Joseph G, Stewart S, Kaplan C, Lee R, Luce J, Davis S, Marquez T, Nguyen T, Guerra C. PMID: 27552275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Parental Views on Expanded Newborn Screening Using Whole-Genome Sequencing. Pediatrics. 2016 Jan; 137 Suppl 1:S36-46. Joseph G, Chen F, Harris-Wai J, Puck JM, Young C, Koenig BA. PMID: 26729702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    28. Educating low-SES and LEP survivors about breast cancer research: pilot test of the Health Research Engagement Intervention. J Cancer Educ. 2014 Dec; 29(4):746-52. Nickell A, Burke NJ, Cohen E, Caprio M, Joseph G. PMID: 24744119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. To worry or not to worry: breast cancer genetic counseling communication with low-income Latina immigrants. J Community Genet. 2015 Jan; 6(1):63-76. Joseph G, Guerra C. PMID: 25148879.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    30. Breast Cancer Gene Research and Medical Practices: Transnational Perspectives in the Time of BRCA. 2014. .
    31. Breast Cancer Gene Research and Medical Practices: Transnational Perspectives in the Time of BRCA. Gibbon S, Joseph G, Mozersky J, zur Nieden A, Palfner S, Editors. Genetics to the People: BRCA as public health and the dissemination of cancer risk knowledge. 2014. . View Publication.
    32. Lynch syndrome patients' views of and preferences for return of results following whole exome sequencing. J Genet Couns. 2014 Aug; 23(4):539-51. Hitch K, Joseph G, Guiltinan J, Kianmahd J, Youngblom J, Blanco A. PMID: 24449059.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Efficient identification of low-income Asian American women at high risk for hepatitis B. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013 Nov; 24(4):1701-16. Joseph G, Nguyen K, Nguyen T, Stewart S, Davis S, Kevany S, Marquez T, Pasick R. PMID: 24185165.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Journal of Healthcare for the Poor and Underserved August 2013. Genetic Counseling, Cancer Screening, Breast Cancer Characteristics and General Health among a Diverse Population of BRCA Genetic Testers. 2013; 24(3). Beattie MS, Kopeland C, Fehniger J, Joseph G, Cheung E, Lee R, Luce J. .
    35. Genetic counseling, cancer screening, breast cancer characteristics, and general health among a diverse population of BRCA genetic testers. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013 Aug; 24(3):1150-66. Beattie MS, Copeland K, Fehniger J, Cheung E, Joseph G, Lee R, Luce J. PMID: 23974388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    36. Family communication of BRCA1/2 results and family uptake of BRCA1/2 testing in a diverse population of BRCA1/2 carriers. J Genet Couns. 2013 Oct; 22(5):603-12. Fehniger J, Lin F, Beattie MS, Joseph G, Kaplan C. PMID: 23666114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Recruitment practices and the politics of inclusion in cancer clinical trials. Med Anthropol Q. 2012 Sep; 26(3):338-60. Joseph G, Dohan D. PMID: 23259347.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Public Health Genomics. Efficient Identification and Referral of Low-Income Women at High Risk for Hereditary Breast Cancer: A Practice-Based Approach. 2012; (15):172-180. Joseph G, Kaplan C, Luce J, Lee R, Stewart S, Guerra C, Pasick R.
    39. Case studies in the co-production of populations and genetics: The making of ‘at risk populations’ in BRCA genetics. BioSocieties. 2010 Dec 1; 5(4):415-439. Mozersky MJ, Joseph JG. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    40. Special section: Perspectives on globalising genomics: The case of ‘BRCA’ breast cancer research and medical practice. BioSocieties. 2010 Dec 1; 5(4):407-414. Gibbon GS, Joseph JG, Kalender KU, Kampriani KE, Mozersky MJ, Nieden NA, Palfner PS. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    41. Pre-counseling education for low literacy women at risk of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC): patient experiences using the Cancer Risk Education Intervention Tool (CREdIT). J Genet Couns. 2010 Oct; 19(5):447-62. Joseph G, Beattie MS, Lee R, Braithwaite D, Wilcox C, Metrikin M, Lamvik K, Luce J. PMID: 20490636.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. BioSocieties. Perspectives on globalising genomics: The case of ‘BRCA’ breast cancer research and medical practice. 2010; 4(5):407-414. Gibbon S, Joseph G, Kalender U, Kampriani E, Mozersky J, Nieden AZ and Palfner S.
    43. BioSocieties. Case Studies in the Co-Production of Populations and Genetics: the Making of 'At Risk' Populations. 2010; 4(5):415-439. Mozersky J and Joseph G.
    44. Behavioral theory in a diverse society: like a compass on Mars. Health Educ Behav. 2009 Oct; 36(5 Suppl):11S-35S. Pasick RJ, Burke NJ, Barker JC, Joseph G, Bird JA, Otero-Sabogal R, Tuason N, Stewart SL, Rakowski W, Clark MA, Washington PK, Guerra C. PMID: 19805789.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Theorizing social context: rethinking behavioral theory. Health Educ Behav. 2009 Oct; 36(5 Suppl):55S-70S. Burke NJ, Joseph G, Pasick RJ, Barker JC. PMID: 19805791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Perceived susceptibility to illness and perceived benefits of preventive care: an exploration of behavioral theory constructs in a transcultural context. Health Educ Behav. 2009 Oct; 36(5 Suppl):71S-90S. Joseph G, Burke NJ, Tuason N, Barker JC, Pasick RJ. PMID: 19805792.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    47. Adult daughters' influence on mothers' health-related decision making: an expansion of the subjective norms construct. Health Educ Behav. 2009 Oct; 36(5 Suppl):129S-44S. Washington PK, Burke NJ, Joseph G, Guerra C, Pasick RJ. PMID: 19805795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    48. Intention, subjective norms, and cancer screening in the context of relational culture. Health Educ Behav. 2009 Oct; 36(5 Suppl):91S-110S. Pasick RJ, Barker JC, Otero-Sabogal R, Burke NJ, Joseph G, Guerra C. PMID: 19805793.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    49. Behavioral Theory and Culture Special Issue: Authors’ Response to Commentaries. Health Education & Behavior. 2009 Oct 1; 36(5_suppl):167s-171s. Pasick PR, Burke BN, Joseph JG. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    50. Recruiting minorities where they receive care: Institutional barriers to cancer clinical trials recruitment in a safety-net hospital. Contemp Clin Trials. 2009 Nov; 30(6):552-9. Joseph G, Dohan D. PMID: 19580887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Diversity of participants in clinical trials in an academic medical center: the role of the 'Good Study Patient?'. Cancer. 2009 Feb 01; 115(3):608-15. Joseph G, Dohan D. PMID: 19127544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Recruiting low-income healthy women to research: an exploratory study. Ethn Health. 2007 Nov; 12(5):497-519. Joseph G, Kaplan CP, Pasick RJ. PMID: 17978946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power. Taking Race Seriously: Whiteness in Argentina's National and Transnational Imaginary. 2000; 3(7). Joseph G.
    Galen's Networks
    Concepts (169)
    Derived automatically from this person's publications.
    Co-Authors (33)
    People in Profiles who have published with this person.
    Similar People (60)
    People who share similar concepts with this person.
    Same Department
    Search Department