Sarah Garrett, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Institute for Health Policy Studies
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address3333 California Street, #72C
San Francisco CA 94118
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-3238-5692 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral fellowship2022Health policy
    University of California, BerkeleyPhD2013Sociology
    University of California, BerkeleyMA2007Sociology
    University of California, San DiegoBA2001Sociology, French Literature

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    Sarah B. Garrett, PhD, is a medical and cultural sociologist. She works to promote health equity via stakeholder-informed mixed-methods research, focusing in particular on maternal health. She is core faculty at the Phillip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies (IHPS) at UCSF.

    Sarah is currently PI of a UCSF CTSI KL2 project, "Maternal health interventions in California hospitals: Understanding approaches & implementation to advance equity" (2022-2025). The overall objective of the proposed research is to elucidate how different health systems approach mitigating disparities in maternal health; to develop a survey to capture organizational influences on these mitigation efforts; and to develop a community-informed and community-accountable systems-change agenda for the next generation of equity interventions. A birth equity stakeholder advisory board (BIPOC community members, clinicians, scholars) will guide and advise the project.

    From 2020-2022, Sarah was a T32 Health Policy Fellow at IHPS. Among other activities, she designed and led the MEND study: Multi-Stakeholder Engagement with State Policies to Advance Antiracism in Maternal Health. The multiple-methods project engages Black women and birthing people, socio-legal scholars, perinatal clinicians, and a fully-funded community advisory panel of Black mothers to develop evidence-based guidance for clinician implicit bias training.

    Prior to being a Fellow, Sarah worked as research staff in the Division of Geriatrics and at IHPS. In Geriatrics she helped to design, conduct and analyze mixed-methods research on the experiences and needs of individuals with dementia and their caregivers; on older adults' experience managing chronic pain; and on how hospice staff navigate patients' and families' preferences for aggressive care. At IHPS Sarah is a part of the Medical Cultures Lab, a social science “laboratory” that is focused on several related initiatives examining the role of culture in medicine. There she works to improve methods of analyzing, presenting, and sharing qualitative data in order to make these data more useful in patient-centered research. Sarah has also contributed research and project direction to an NIH-funded study on cancer patients' understanding of and decision-making about participation in early phase clinical trials; a PCORI-funded methodological project to improve the conduct and communication of qualitative research; and a CTSI-funded study on the ways in which lay Californians perceive the risks and benefits of human tissue biobanking.

    For her NSF-funded doctoral research at UC Berkeley, Sarah conducted a longitudinal study on the ways in which a diverse group of pregnant women in the San Francisco Bay Area perceived prenatal care and birth care options; the origins of those perceptions; and how the perceptions affected their decision-making and postpartum mental health. She collected and analyzed original quantitative (n = 325) and qualitative (n = 67) data for the study. Results have been published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national conferences.

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    Maternal health interventions in California hospitals: Understanding approaches & implementation to advance equity
    NIH/NCATS KL2 TR001870Jul 1, 2022 - Jun 30, 2025
    Role: Faculty Scholar
    Description: It is a national priority to combat maternal health inequities, which disproportionately affect Black, Indigenous, and other people of color (BIPOC) communities. There is inadequate evidence on how hospital-based interventions may advance maternal health equity and to what extent these effects vary by institutional and implementation context. The proposed research will use interdisciplinary methods, BIPOC patient and stakeholder guidance, and novel hospital-level data to identify ways to advance equity in birthing peoples’ clinical and experiential outcomes.
    Multi-stakeholder Engagement with State Policies to Advance Antiracism in Maternal Health (MEND)
    UCSF Preterm Birth Initiative (RAP Award) Jan 1, 2021 - Dec 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Description: This mixed-methods study brings Black birthing people and perinatal clinicians into conversation with two new state policies that mandate implicit bias training for perinatal care providers in California. The study team will (a) explore how the policies align with stakeholder realities and priorities; and (b) generate evidence-based recommendations to inform local and state policy implementation. All activities are guided by a community advisory panel.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. "Relationships, Very Quickly, Turn to Nothing": Loneliness, Social Isolation, and Adaptation to Changing Social Lives Among Persons Living With Dementia and Care Partners. Gerontologist. 2024 Apr 01; 64(4). Kotwal AA, Allison TA, Halim M, Garrett SB, Perissinotto CM, Ritchie CS, Smith AK, Harrison KL. PMID: 38499400; PMCID: PMC10948338.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Challenges and Opportunities for Clinician Implicit Bias Training: Insights from Perinatal Care Stakeholders. Health Equity. 2023; 7(1):506-519. Garrett SB, Jones L, Montague A, Fa-Yusuf H, Harris-Taylor J, Powell B, Chan E, Zamarripa S, Hooper S, Chambers Butcher BD. PMID: 37731787; PMCID: PMC10507933.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    3. Antibias Efforts in United States Maternity Care: A Scoping Review of the Publicly Funded Health Equity Intervention Pipeline. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2023; 1(66):110-123. Garrett SB, Walia A, Miller F, Tahir P, Jones L, Harris J, Powell B, Chambers B, Simon MA. .
    4. The Social Contexts of Birthing People with Public- and Private-Payer Prenatal Care: Illuminating an Understudied Aspect of the Patient Experience. Health Equity. 2022; 1(6):898-908. Garrett SB, Simon MA. View Publication.
    5. Developing neuropalliative care for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Prion. 2022 12; 16(1):23-39. Harrison KL, Garrett SB, Gilissen J, Terranova MJ, Bernstein Sideman A, Ritchie CS, Geschwind MD. PMID: 35239456; PMCID: PMC8896185.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Caregiver Experiences Navigating the Diagnostic Journey in a Rapidly Progressing Dementia. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2023 07; 36(4):282-294. Sideman AB, Gilissen J, Harrison KL, Garrett SB, Terranova MJ, Ritchie CS, Geschwind MD. PMID: 36412170; PMCID: PMC10265278.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Progressive Isolation, Loneliness, and Support: The Social Experiences of Persons with Dementia and Caregivers (RP421). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2022 Jun 1; 63(6):1094-1095. Kotwal KA, Ritchie RC, Garrett GS, Halim HM, Smith SA, Perissinotto PC, Harrison HK. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    8. Decision-making about clinical trial options among older patients with metastatic cancer who have exhausted standard therapies. J Geriatr Oncol. 2022 06; 13(5):594-599. Tsang M, DeBoer RJ, Garrett SB, Dohan D. PMID: 35125334; PMCID: PMC9232893.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Advance Directive and POLST Documentation in Decedents With Dementia at a Memory Care Center: The Importance of Early Advance Care Planning. Neurol Clin Pract. 2022 Feb; 12(1):14-21. Naasan G, Boyd ND, Harrison KL, Garrett SB, D'Aguiar Rosa T, Pérez-Cerpa B, McFarlane S, Miller BL, Ritchie CS. PMID: 36157620; PMCID: PMC9491507.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    10. "I Didn't Sign Up for This": Perspectives from Persons Living with Dementia and Care Partners on Challenges, Supports, and Opportunities to Add Geriatric Neuropalliative Care to Dementia Specialty Care. J Alzheimers Dis. 2022; 90(3):1301-1320. Harrison KL, Garrett SB, Halim M, Bernstein Sideman A, Allison TA, Dohan D, Naasan G, Miller BL, Smith AK, Ritchie CS. PMID: 36245375; PMCID: PMC9712265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. "Captive by the Uncertainty"-Experiences with Anticipatory Guidance for People Living with Dementia and Their Caregivers at a Specialty Dementia Clinic. J Alzheimers Dis. 2022; 86(2):787-800. Shafir A, Ritchie CS, Garrett SB, Bernstein Sideman A, Naasan G, Merrilees J, Widera E, Flint L, Harrison KL. PMID: 35124641; PMCID: PMC9717709.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Barriers and facilitators to older adults' use of nonpharmacologic approaches for chronic pain: a person-focused model. Pain. 2021 11 01; 162(11):2769-2779. Garrett SB, Nicosia F, Thompson N, Miaskowski C, Ritchie CS. PMID: 33902095; PMCID: PMC8426428.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Characteristics of people with dementia lost to follow-up from a dementia care center. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2022 01; 37(1). Boyd ND, Naasan G, Harrison KL, Garrett SB, D'Aguiar Rosa T, Pérez-Cerpa B, McFarlane S, Miller BL, Ritchie CS. PMID: 34590336; PMCID: PMC8740544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Advance Directive and POLST Documentation in Decedents With Dementia at a Memory Care Center: The Importance of Early Advanced Care Planning. Neurology Clinical Practice. 2021 Jul 16; 10.1212/cpj.0000000000001123. Naasan NG, Boyd BN, Harrison HK, Garrett GS, D'Aguiar Rosa DT, Pérez-Cerpa PB, McFarlane MS, Miller MB, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    15. Practices, challenges, and opportunities when addressing the palliative care needs of people living with dementia: Specialty memory care provider perspectives. Alzheimers Dement (N Y). 2021; 7(1):e12144. Bernstein Sideman A, Harrison KL, Garrett SB, Naasan G, Dementia Palliative Care Writing Group, Ritchie CS. PMID: 33969177; PMCID: PMC8087986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7  
    16. A Home-Based Care Research Agenda by and for Homebound Older Adults and Caregivers. J Appl Gerontol. 2021 12; 40(12):1715-1721. Leff B, Sheehan OC, Harrison KL, Eaton England A, Mickler A, Basyal PS, Garrigues SK, Schuchman M, Perissinotto C, Garrett SB, Ritchie CS. PMID: 33792428; PMCID: PMC8604613.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. "It's Case by Case, and It's a Struggle": A Qualitative Study of Hospice Practices, Perspectives, and Ethical Dilemmas When Caring for Hospice Enrollees with Full-Code Status or Intensive Treatment Preferences. J Palliat Med. 2021 04; 24(4):496-504. Dressler G, Garrett SB, Hunt LJ, Thompson N, Mahoney K, Sudore RL, Ritchie CS, Harrison KL. PMID: 33237830; PMCID: PMC7987359.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. "Goals of Care Conversations Don't Fit in a Box": Hospice Staff Experiences and Perceptions of Advance Care Planning Quality Measurement. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2021 05; 61(5):917-927. Hunt LJ, Garrett SB, Dressler G, Sudore R, Ritchie CS, Harrison KL. PMID: 33096214; PMCID: PMC8055723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Unintended Consequences of Opioid Regulations in Older Adults with Multiple Chronic Conditions. Gerontologist. 2020 09 15; 60(7):1343-1352. Ritchie CS, Garrett SB, Thompson N, Miaskowski C. PMID: 32222760; PMCID: PMC7491430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. “I needed someone to hold my hand”: Experiences and Unmet Palliative Care Needs at Home from the Perspective of People with Dementia and Caregivers (GP741). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2020 Jul 1; 60(1):269-270. Harrison HK, Garrett GS, Bernstein BA, Naasan NG, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    21. Hospice employee perspectives on CPR and "Aggressive Care” for the Dying: Communication Practices and Ethical Dilemmas in Hospice (GP742). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2020 Jul 1; 60(1):270-271. Dressler DG, Garrett GS, Hunt HL, Thompson TN, Mahoney MK, Sudore SR, Ritchie RC, Harrison HK. .
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    22. Unanticipated Therapeutic Value of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Stakeholder Engagement Project for Homebound Older Adults. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 08; 21(8):1172-1173. Sheehan OC, Ritchie CS, Garrett SB, Harrison KL, Mickler A, Eaton England AL, Sharma Basyal P, Garrigues SK, Leff B. PMID: 32376106; PMCID: PMC7771526.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Patient and clinician perspectives on a patient-facing dashboard that visualizes patient reported outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis. Health Expect. 2020 08; 23(4):846-859. Liu LH, Garrett SB, Li J, Ragouzeos D, Berrean B, Dohan D, Katz PP, Barton JL, Yazdany J, Schmajuk G. PMID: 32270591; PMCID: PMC7495065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Hospice Staff Perspectives on Caring for People with Dementia: A Multisite, Multistakeholder Study. J Palliat Med. 2020 08; 23(8):1013-1020. Harrison KL, Allison TA, Garrett SB, Thompson N, Sudore RL, Ritchie CS. PMID: 32130076; PMCID: PMC7404831.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. New Evidence-Based Guidelines for Dementia Palliative Care (FR418). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2020 Feb 1; 59(2):456. Harrison HK, Ritchie RC, Brody BA, Garrett GS, Bernstein BA, Rosa RT, Perez-Cerpa PB, Naasan NG. .
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    26. Community-Based Palliative Care Consultations: Comparing Dementia to Nondementia Serious Illnesses. J Palliat Med. 2020 08; 23(8):1021-1029. Harrison KL, Bull JH, Garrett SB, Bonsignore L, Bice T, Hanson LC, Ritchie CS. PMID: 31971857; PMCID: PMC7404819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Before Consent: Qualitative Analysis of Deliberations of Patients With Advanced Cancer About Early-Phase Clinical Trials. JCO Oncol Pract. 2020 01; 16(1):e56-e63. Garrett SB, Matthews TM, Abramson CM, Koenig CJ, Hlubocky FJ, Daugherty CK, Munster PN, Dohan D. PMID: 31603726; PMCID: PMC6993554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Beyond exploratory: a tailored framework for designing and assessing qualitative health research. BMJ Open. 2019 08 27; 9(8):e030123. Rendle KA, Abramson CM, Garrett SB, Halley MC, Dohan D. PMID: 31462482; PMCID: PMC6720470.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. FACTORS IMPACTING LOSS-TO-FOLLOW-UP FROM A MEMORY CARE CENTER: A STUDY OF POTENTIAL PALLIATIVE CARE NEEDS. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p1608-p1609. Boyd BN, Naasan NG, Garrett GS, Rosa RT, Pérez-Cerpa PB, Harrison HK, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    30. ADVANCED DIRECTIVE AND POLST UTILIZATION IN DECEDENTS WITH DEMENTIA PREVIOUSLY SEEN AT A MEMORY CENTER. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p1609. Naasan NG, Boyd BN, Garrett GS, Rosa RT, Pérez-Cerpa PB, Harrison HK, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    31. ADVANCED DIRECTIVE AND POLST UTILIZATION IN DECEDENTS WITH DEMENTIA PREVIOUSLY SEEN AT A MEMORY CENTER. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p1159. Naasan NG, Boyd BN, Garrett GS, Rosa RT, Pérez-Cerpa PB, Harrison HK, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    32. FACTORS IMPACTING LOSS-TO-FOLLOW-UP FROM A MEMORY CARE CENTER: A STUDY OF POTENTIAL PALLIATIVE CARE NEEDS. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p1447. Boyd BN, Naasan NG, Garrett GS, Rosa RT, Pérez-Cerpa PB, Harrison HK, Ritchie RC. .
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    33. Approaches to decision-making among late-stage melanoma patients: a multifactorial investigation. Support Care Cancer. 2019 Mar; 27(3):1059-1070. Garrett SB, Abramson CM, Rendle KA, Dohan D. PMID: 30136025; PMCID: PMC6373271.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The promises of computational ethnography: Improving transparency, replicability, and validity for realist approaches to ethnographic analysis. Ethnography. 2018 Jun 1; 19(2):254-284. Abramson AC, Joslyn JJ, Rendle RK, Garrett GS, Dohan DD. .
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    35. How do late-stage cancer patients join an early phase clinical trial? A qualitative investigation of the process. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2017 Nov 1; 35(31_suppl):60-60. Garrett GS, Koenig KC, Dohan DD. .
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    36. Standard Versus Simplified Consent Materials for Biobank Participation: Differences in Patient Knowledge and Trial Accrual. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2017 12; 12(5):326-334. Garrett SB, Murphy M, Wiley J, Dohan D. PMID: 29037106; PMCID: PMC9137040.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. What advanced cancer patients with limited treatment options know about clinical research: a qualitative study. Support Care Cancer. 2017 10; 25(10):3235-3242. Garrett SB, Koenig CJ, Trupin L, Hlubocky FJ, Daugherty CK, Reinert A, Munster P, Dohan D. PMID: 28488050; PMCID: PMC5680157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Community recommendations on biobank governance: Results from a deliberative community engagement in California. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0172582. Dry SM, Garrett SB, Koenig BA, Brown AF, Burgess MM, Hult JR, Longstaff H, Wilcox ES, Madrigal Contreras SK, Martinez A, Boyd EA, Dohan D. PMID: 28235046; PMCID: PMC5325297.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Engaging Diverse Stakeholders to Inform Biobank Governance. Biopreserv Biobank. 2017 Aug; 15(4):393-395. Murphy M, Garrett SB, Boyd E, Dry S, Dohan D. PMID: 28151003; PMCID: PMC5582586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Interest in initiating an early phase clinical trial: results of a longitudinal study of advanced cancer patients. Psychooncology. 2017 Oct; 26(10):1604-1610. Dunn LB, Wiley J, Garrett S, Hlubocky F, Daugherty C, Trupin L, Munster P, Dohan D. PMID: 27233054.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. The Importance Of Integrating Narrative Into Health Care Decision Making. Health Aff (Millwood). 2016 Apr; 35(4):720-5. Dohan D, Garrett SB, Rendle KA, Halley M, Abramson C. PMID: 27044974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Foundations of the cultural repertoire: Education and social network effects among expectant mothers. Poetics. 2016 Apr 1; 55(Birth 37 1 2010):19-35. Garrett GS. .
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    43. EngageUC: Developing an Efficient and Ethical Approach to Biobanking Research at the University of California. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Aug; 8(4):362-6. Garrett SB, Koenig BA, Brown A, Hult JR, Boyd EA, Dry S, Dohan D, in collaboration with UC BRAID. PMID: 25581047; PMCID: PMC4499012.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Linking Broad Consent to Biobank Governance: Support From a Deliberative Public Engagement in California. Am J Bioeth. 2015; 15(9):56-7. Garrett SB, Dohan D, Koenig BA. PMID: 26305757; PMCID: PMC5234696.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Social and emotional factors and decisions of advanced cancer patients (ACP) to enter an early-phase (EP) clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2014 Nov 1; 32(31_suppl):223-223. Dohan DD, Wiley WJ, Garrett GS, Trupin TL, Hlubocky HF, Daugherty DC, Reinert RA, Munster MP. .
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