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Sarah Macfarlane, MS, PhD

TitleProfessor Emeritus
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
Phone415-502-6050
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ongeri L, McCulloch CE, Neylan TC, Bukusi E, Macfarlane S, Othieno C, Ngugi AK, Meffert SM. Suicidality and associated risk factors in outpatients attending a general medical facility in rural Kenya. J Affect Disord. 2017 Aug 26; 225:413-421. PMID: 28850856.
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    2. Hiatt RA, Engmann NJ, Ahmed M, Amarsi Y, Macharia WM, Macfarlane S, Ngugi AK, Rabbani F, Walraven G, Armstrong RW. Population Health Science: A Core Element of Health Science Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Acad Med. 2017 Apr; 92(4):462-467. PMID: 27508343.
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    3. Ngugi AK, Agoi F, Mahoney MR, Lakhani A, Mang'ong'o D, Nderitu E, Armstrong R, Macfarlane S. Utilization of health services in a resource-limited rural area in Kenya: Prevalence and associated household-level factors. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0172728. PMID: 28241032.
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    4. Mkony CA, Kaaya EE, Goodell AJ, Macfarlane S. Where teachers are few: documenting available faculty in five Tanzanian medical schools. Glob Health Action. 2016 Dec; 9(1):32717. PMID: 28795915.
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    5. Mkony CA, Kaaya EE, Goodell AJ, Macfarlane S. Where teachers are few: documenting available faculty in five Tanzanian medical schools. Glob Health Action. 2016; 9:32717. PMID: 27741957.
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    6. Goodell AJ, Kahn JG, Ndeki SS, Kaale E, Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S. Modeling solutions to Tanzania's physician workforce challenge. Glob Health Action. 2016; 9:31597. PMID: 27357075; PMCID: PMC4926102.
    7. Goodell AJ, Kahn JG, Ndeki SS, Kaale E, Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S. Modeling solutions to Tanzania's physician workforce challenge. Glob Health Action. 2016 Jan; 9(1):31597. PMID: 28156921.
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    8. Phommasack B, Jiraphongsa C, Ko Oo M, Bond KC, Phaholyothin N, Suphanchaimat R, Ungchusak K, Macfarlane S. Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS): a trust-based network. Emerg Health Threats J. 2013; 6. PMID: 23362411; PMCID: PMC3557908.
    9. Bond KC, Macfarlane S, Burke C, Ungchusak K, Wibulpolprasert S. The evolution and expansion of regional disease surveillance networks and their role in mitigating the threat of infectious disease outbreaks. Emerg Health Threats J. 2013; 6. PMID: 23362414; PMCID: PMC3557911.
    10. Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S, Mkony CA, Lyamuya EF, Loeser H, Freeman P, Kirumira EK, Pallangyo K, Debas HT. Educating enough competent health professionals: advancing educational innovation at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(8):e1001284. PMID: 22904688; PMCID: PMC3419186.
    11. Pallangyo K, Debas HT, Lyamuya E, Loeser H, Mkony CA, O'Sullivan PS, Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S. Partnering on education for health: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences and the University of California San Francisco. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S13-22. PMID: 23254839.
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    12. Leshabari S, Lubbock LA, Kaijage H, Kalala W, Koehler G, Massawe S, Muganyizi P, Macfarlane S, O'Sullivan PS. First steps towards interprofessional health practice in Tanzania: an educational experiment in rural Bagamoyo district. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S138-49. PMID: 23254840.
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    13. Mloka DA, Omer S, Mkony CA, Kisenge RR, Macfarlane S, O'Sullivan PS. Health professions educators as agents of change in Tanzania: creativity to implement new curricula. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S171-85. PMID: 23254842.
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    14. Pemba S, Macfarlane S, Mpembeni R, Goodell AJ, Kaaya EE. Tracking university graduates in the workforce: information to improve education and health systems in Tanzania. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S202-15. PMID: 23254844.
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    15. Kwesigabo G, Mwangu MA, Kakoko DC, Warriner I, Mkony CA, Killewo J, Macfarlane S, Kaaya EE, Freeman P. Tanzania's health system and workforce crisis. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S35-44. PMID: 23254848.
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    16. Mkony CA, O'Sullivan PS, Owibingire SS, Fyfe MV, Omer S, Freeman P, Makubi A, Mloka DA, Portillo CJ, Leyna GH, Tarimo E, Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S. Teaching and educational scholarship in Tanzania: faculty initiative to improve performance of health professions' students. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S150-70. PMID: 23254841.
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    17. Macfarlane S, Kaaya EE. Universities in transition to improve population health: a Tanzanian case study. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S3-12. PMID: 23254847.
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    18. Ngassapa OD, Kaaya EE, Fyfe MV, Lyamuya EF, Kakoko DC, Kayombo EJ, Kisenge RR, Loeser H, Mwakigonja AR, Outwater AH, Martin-Holland J, Mwambete KD, Kida I, Macfarlane S. Curricular transformation of health professions education in Tanzania: the process at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (2008-2011). J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S64-91. PMID: 23254850.
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    19. Masalu JR, Aboud M, Moshi MJ, Mugusi F, Kamuhabwa A, Mgimwa N, Freeman P, Goodell AJ, Kaaya EE, Macfarlane S. An institutional research agenda: focusing university expertise in Tanzania on national health priorities. J Public Health Policy. 2012; 33 Suppl 1:S186-201. PMID: 23254843.
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    20. Hsia RY, Mbembati NA, Macfarlane S, Kruk ME. Access to emergency and surgical care in sub-Saharan Africa: the infrastructure gap. Health Policy Plan. 2012 May; 27(3):234-44. PMID: 21441566.
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    21. Steed H, Macfarlane GT, Blackett KL, Bahrami B, Reynolds N, Walsh SV, Cummings JH, Macfarlane S. Clinical trial: the microbiological and immunological effects of synbiotic consumption - a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study in active Crohn's disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Oct; 32(7):872-83. PMID: 20735782.
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    22. Kruk ME, Wladis A, Mbembati N, Ndao-Brumblay SK, Hsia RY, Galukande M, Luboga S, Matovu A, de Miranda H, Ozgediz D, Quiñones AR, Rockers PC, von Schreeb J, Vaz F, Debas HT, Macfarlane S. Human resource and funding constraints for essential surgery in district hospitals in Africa: a retrospective cross-sectional survey. PLoS Med. 2010 Mar 09; 7(3):e1000242. PMID: 20231869; PMCID: PMC2834706.
    23. Galukande M, von Schreeb J, Wladis A, Mbembati N, de Miranda H, Kruk ME, Luboga S, Matovu A, McCord C, Ndao-Brumblay SK, Ozgediz D, Rockers PC, Quiñones AR, Vaz F, Debas HT, Macfarlane S. Essential surgery at the district hospital: a retrospective descriptive analysis in three African countries. PLoS Med. 2010 Mar 09; 7(3):e1000243. PMID: 20231871; PMCID: PMC2834708.
    24. Luboga S, Macfarlane S, von Schreeb J, Kruk ME, Cherian MN, Bergström S, Bossyns PB, Denerville E, Dovlo D, Galukande M, Hsia RY, Jayaraman SP, Lubbock LA, Mock C, Ozgediz D, Sekimpi P, Wladis A, Zakariah A, Dade NB, Donkor P, Gatumbu JK, Hoekman P, Ijsselmuiden CB, Jamison DT, Jessani N, Jiskoot P, Kakande I, Mabweijano JR, Mbembati N, McCord C, Mijumbi C, de Miranda H, Mkony CA, Mocumbi P, Ndihokubwayo JB, Ngueumachi P, Ogbaselassie G, Okitombahe EL, Toure CT, Vaz F, Zikusooka CM, Debas HT. Increasing access to surgical services in sub-saharan Africa: priorities for national and international agencies recommended by the Bellagio Essential Surgery Group. PLoS Med. 2009 Dec; 6(12):e1000200. PMID: 20027218; PMCID: PMC2791210.
    25. Ozgediz D, Dunbar P, Mock C, Cherion M, Rogers SO, Riviello R, Meara JG, Jamison D, Macfarlane S, Burkle F, McQueen K. Bridging the gap between public health and surgery: access to surgical care in low- and middle-income countries. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2009 May; 94(5):14-20. PMID: 19469376.
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    26. Macfarlane S, and Irwin A. . Global public health: a new era. Edited by Beaglehole R, Second Edition, Oxford University Press. Putting the public into public health: Towards a more people centred approach;. 2009; 267-82.
    27. Macfarlane S, Jacobs M, Kaaya EE. In the name of global health: trends in academic institutions. J Public Health Policy. 2008 Dec; 29(4):383-401. PMID: 19079297.
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    28. Macfarlane S, Agabian N, Novotny TE, Rutherford GW, Stewart CC, Debas HT. Think globally, act locally, and collaborate internationally: global health sciences at the University of California, San Francisco. Acad Med. 2008 Feb; 83(2):173-9. PMID: 18303363.
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    29. Tache S, Kaaya E, Omer S, Mkony CA, Lyamuya E, Pallangyo K, Debas HT, Macfarlane S. University partnership to address the shortage of healthcare professionals in Africa. Glob Public Health. 2008; 3(2):137-48. PMID: 19288367.
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    30. Setel PW, Macfarlane S, Szreter S, Mikkelsen L, Jha P, Stout S, AbouZahr C. A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyone. Lancet. 2007 Nov 03; 370(9598):1569-77. PMID: 17992727.
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    31. AbouZahr C, Cleland J, Coullare F, Macfarlane S, Notzon FC, Setel P, Szreter S, Anderson RN, Bawah AA, Betrán AP, Binka F, Bundhamcharoen K, Castro R, Evans T, Figueroa X, George CK, Gollogly L, Gonzalez R, Grzebien DR, Hill K, Huang Z, Hull TH, Inoue M, Jakob R, Jha P, Jiang Y, Laurenti R, Li X, Lievesley D, Lopez AD, Fat DM, Merialdi M, Mikkelsen L, Nien JK, Rao C, Rao K, Sankoh O, Shibuya K, Soleman N, Stout S, Tangcharoensathien V, van der Maas PJ, Wu F, Yang G, Zhang S. The way forward. Lancet. 2007 Nov 24; 370(9601):1791-9. PMID: 18029003.
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    32. Macfarlane S, Thomson M, AbouZahr CL. Millennium: invest in country statistical systems. Nature. 2007 Apr 26; 446(7139):974. PMID: 17460640.
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    33. Macfarlane S . Critical Public Health. Researching health, poverty and human development. 2007; (17):191-3.
    34. Macfarlane S. Harmonizing health information systems with information systems in other social and economic sectors. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Aug; 83(8):590-6. PMID: 16184278; PMCID: PMC2626316.
    35. Gill GV, Ismail AA, Beeching NJ, Macfarlane S, Bellis MA. Hidden diabetes in the UK: use of capture-recapture methods to estimate total prevalence of diabetes mellitus in an urban population. J R Soc Med. 2003 Jul; 96(7):328-32. PMID: 12835444; PMCID: PMC539535.
    36. Macfarlane S . Int J Epid. Review of Dying for growth: Global inequality and the health of the poor, JY Kim et al,. 2001; 30:635.
    37. Macfarlane S, Racelis M and Muli-Musiime F. Lancet. Public Health in Developing Countries. 2000; (356):841-46.
    38. Macfarlane S, Evans TG, Muli-Musiime FM, Prawl OL, So AD. Global health research and INCLEN. International Clinical Epidemiology Network. Lancet. 1999 Feb 06; 353(9151):503. PMID: 9989753.
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    39. Macfarlane S. Conducting a descriptive survey: 3. Summarizing and presenting data. Trop Doct. 1998 Jan; 28(1):18-28. PMID: 9481192.
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    40. Chen L, Macfarlane S . Wld hlth statist. Quart. Health transition: from research to policy?. 1998; (51):137-43.
    41. Squire SB, Gray N, Hawley R, Hayward C, Ali A, Macfarlane S, Bianco AE, Beeching NJ, Taylor M, Agbaje S, Brabin B, Wyatt GB, Coulter JB, De Koning K. Informed consent. British institutions collaborating in projects overseas may face dilemma. BMJ. 1997 Jul 26; 315(7102):248. PMID: 9253279; PMCID: PMC2127149.
    42. Macfarlane S. More growth-chart confusion. Lancet. 1997 Jul 12; 350(9071):150. PMID: 9228997.
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    43. Squire SB, Gray N, Hawley R, Hayward C, Ali A, Macfarlane S, Bianco AE, Beeching NJ, Taylor M, Agbaje S, Brabin B, Wyatt GB, Coulter JB, and De Koning K. BMJ. Informed consent. British institutions collaborating in projects overseas may face dilemma. 1997; 315:7102:248.
    44. Macfarlane S. Conducting a descriptive survey: 2. Choosing a sampling strategy. Trop Doct. 1997 Jan; 27(1):14-21. PMID: 9030013.
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    45. Macfarlane S. The relationship between anthropometric indices derived from the CDC/WHO international reference. Ann Hum Biol. 1996 Nov-Dec; 23(6):421-30. PMID: 8933910.
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    46. Macfarlane S. Conducting a descriptive survey: 1. Planning the survey. Trop Doct. 1996 Oct; 26(4):161-4. PMID: 8937230.
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    47. Macfarlane S, Cuevas LE, Moody JB, Russell WB, Schlecht BJ. Epidemiology training for primary health care: the use of computer-assisted distance learning. J R Soc Health. 1996 Oct; 116(5):317-21. PMID: 8936951.
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    48. Macfarlane S. A universal growth reference or fool's gold? Eur J Clin Nutr. 1995 Oct; 49(10):745-53. PMID: 8536653.
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    49. Macfarlane S. Errors in calculating weight-for-height. Disasters. 1995 Mar; 19(1):37-49. PMID: 7735854.
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    50. Macfarlane S . Statistics in Medicine. Review of PG Smith and RH Morrow Methods for field trials of interventions against tropical diseases. A toolbox. 1994; 13:1187-8.
    51. Macfarlane S, and Tekeste A. Health and disease in developing countries edited by Lankinen KS, Bergstrom S, Makela PH, Peltomaa M, Macmillan Press Ltd/ Macmillan Education. Information for a change. 1994; 443-51.
    52. Macfarlane S, McConnell CR, Russell WB. A computer assisted exercise in classifying nutritional status: a new tool for learning. Disasters. 1993 Mar; 17(1):70-9. PMID: 20958759.
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    53. Cuevas LE, Moody JB, Macfarlane S, Rada R, Ghaoui C. The use of hypertext: demonstration of the methods for investigating an epidemic of meningitis. Med Educ. 1993 Jan; 27(1):91-6. PMID: 8433668.
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    54. Macfarlane S, . Review of DJP Barker, AJ Hall: Practical epidemiology, Medicine in the Tropics,. 1992; 21(6).
    55. Tomkins A, Bradley A, Bradley-Moore A, Greenwood B, Macfarlane S, and Gilles H. . edited by Feachem RG, Jamison DT, Oxford University Press. Morbidity and mortality at Malumfashi, Nigeria, 1974-79; Studies of Child Health in Hausaland. Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 1991; 325-41.
    56. Coulter JB, Suliman GI, Omer MI, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Hendrickse RG. Protein-energy malnutrition in northern Sudan: clinical studies. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1988 Sep; 42(9):787-96. PMID: 3141144.
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    57. Coulter JB, Omer MI, Suliman GI, Moody JB, Macfarlane S, Hendrickse RG. Protein-energy malnutrition in northern Sudan: prevalence, socio-economic factors and family background. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1988 Jun; 8(2):96-102. PMID: 2456738.
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    58. The Liverpool Epidemiology Programme. . World Health Forum. Epidemiology for all. 1988; (16):255-7.
    59. Macfarlane S . Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A. Fitting centile curves to data. 1988; 151(3):413-4.
    60. Taylor CJ, Hendrickse RG, McGaw J, Macfarlane S. Detection of cow's milk protein intolerance by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1988 Jan; 77(1):49-54. PMID: 3369305.
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    61. Fulford AJ, Macfarlane S, Awadzi K, Bell DR, Gilles HM. The chemotherapy of onchocerciasis. XII. The prediction of microfilarial loads in patients with onchocerciasis after treatment with diethylcarbamazine in northern Ghana. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1987 Dec; 81(6):701-11. PMID: 3503647.
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    62. Karrar ZA, Abdulla MA, Moody JB, Macfarlane S, Al Bwardy M, Hendrickse RG. Loperamide in acute diarrhoea in childhood: results of a double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1987 Jun; 7(2):122-7. PMID: 2441648.
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    63. Oppenheimer SJ, Hill AV, Gibson FD, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Pringle J. The interaction of alpha thalassaemia with malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987; 81(2):322-6. PMID: 3617198.
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    64. Bradley AK, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Gilles HM, Musa BD. Malumfashi Endemic Diseases Research Project XXI. Some aspects of the collection of demographic data. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1986 Dec; 80(6):635-40. PMID: 3675036.
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    65. Oppenheimer SJ, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Harrison C. Total dose iron infusion, malaria and pregnancy in Papua New Guinea. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(5):818-22. PMID: 3603623.
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    66. Coulter JB, Hendrickse RG, Lamplugh SM, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Omer MI, Suliman GI, Williams TE. Aflatoxins and kwashiorkor: clinical studies in Sudanese children. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(6):945-51. PMID: 3111029.
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    67. Oppenheimer SJ, Gibson FD, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Harrison C, Spencer A, Bunari O. Iron supplementation increases prevalence and effects of malaria: report on clinical studies in Papua New Guinea. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(4):603-12. PMID: 3101243.
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    68. Oppenheimer SJ, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Bunari O, Hendrickse RG. Effect of iron prophylaxis on morbidity due to infectious disease: report on clinical studies in Papua New Guinea. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(4):596-602. PMID: 3101242.
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    69. Cuevas LE, Macfarlane S, and Moody JB. . Telematics for health in the global information society: can Europe and developing countries work together? DG XIII-C-4- Health Telematics (AIM), European Commission, edited by Sosa-Iudicissa MC, Levett J, Mandil SH, Beales P, IOS press. Computer assisted learning in epidemiology. 1985; 195-8.
    70. Oppenheimer SJ, Hendrickse RG, MacFarlane SB, Moody JB, Harrison C, Alpers M, Heywood P, Vrbova H. Iron and infection in infancy--report on field studies in Papua New Guinea: II. Protocol and description of study cohort. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1984 Sep; 4(3):145-53. PMID: 6084461.
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    71. Oppenheimer SJ, MacFarlane SB, Moody JB, Bunari O, Williams TE, Harrison C, Hendrickse RG. Iron and infection in infancy--report on field studies in Papua New Guinea: 1. Demographic description and pilot surveys. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1984 Sep; 4(3):135-43. PMID: 6084460.
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    72. Macfarlane S. Some opportunities for biometry in promoting child health in the Third World. Biometrics. 1984 Jun; 40(2):525-33. PMID: 6541511.
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    73. Oppenheimer SJ, Gibson FD, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Hendrickse RG. Iron supplementation and malaria. Lancet. 1984 Feb 18; 1(8373):389-90. PMID: 6141442.
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    74. Hendrickse RG, Coulter JB, Lamplugh SM, MacFarlane SB, Williams TE, Omer MI, Suliman GI, El-Zorgani GA. Aflatoxins and kwashiorkor. Epidemiology and clinical studies in Sudanese children and findings in autopsy liver samples from Nigeria and South Africa. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1983 Nov; 76(5):559-66. PMID: 6673848.
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    75. Hendrickse RG, Coulter JB, Lamplugh SM, Macfarlane S, Williams TE, Omer MI, Suliman GI. Aflatoxins and kwashiorkor: a study in Sudanese children. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1982 Sep 25; 285(6345):843-6. PMID: 6811035; PMCID: PMC1499709.
    76. Bradley AK, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Gilles HM, Blacker JG, Musa BD. Malumfashi Endemic Diseases Research Project, XIX. Demographic findings: population structure and fertility. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1982 Aug; 76(4):381-91. PMID: 7149831.
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    77. Bradley AK, Macfarlane S, Moody JB, Gilles HM, Blacker JG, Musa BD. Malumfashi Endemic Diseases Research Project, XX. Demographic findings: mortality. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1982 Aug; 76(4):393-404. PMID: 7149832.
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    78. MacFarlane SB, Moody JB. Neonatal mortality in San Serriffe: a game for teaching survey methods. Stat Med. 1982 Jul-Sep; 1(3):205-16. PMID: 7187094.
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    79. Haddock DJ, Al-Hadramy MB and Macfarlane SBJ. . Saudi Medical Journal. Normal spirometry values in Saudi Arabia. 1982; (3):159-70.
    80. Janes MD, Macfarlane S, Moody JB. Height and weight growth standards for Nigerian children. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1981 Mar; 1(1):27-37. PMID: 6185042.
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    81. Janes MD, MacFarlane SB, Moody JB. Anthropometric assessment of malnutrition in children. Lancet. 1979 Jul 14; 2(8133):101-2. PMID: 87950.
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