Steve Schroeder, MD

SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
Address3333 Calif. St,Laurel Heights
San Francisco CA 94118
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Stanford UniversityBA1960
    Harvard UniversityM.D.1964Medicine
    Boston City HospitalInternship and Assistant Residency1966Medicine
    Centers for Disease Control & PreventionEpidemic Intelligence Officer1968National Communicable Diseases Center
    Boston City HospitalSenior Residency1969Medicine
    Harvard Medical SchoolResearch Fellowship1970Medicine
    Harvard Center for Community Health and Medical CareFellowship1971Community Health and Medical Care
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2015150th Anniversary Alumni Excellence Award
    Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences2013Gustav O. Lienhard Award
    The White House2013Champion of Change for Public Health and Prevention Nomination
    Marin Community Clinics2013Summer Solstice Award: Community Health Champion
    Society of Behavioral Medicine2013National Leadership Award
    University of California, San Francisco, Division of General Internal Medicine2012Robert H. Crede Award of Excellence in Community Service
    Ben Gurion University2010Honorary Professor of Medicine
    Association of American Medical Colleges2008David E. Rogers Award
    American Society of Health-System Pharmacists2008Board of Directors Award of Honor
    New England Journal of Medicine and Massachusetts Medical Society2008Shattuck Lecture Panelist
    The Smoke Free Project, Children's National Medical Center2008Smoke Free Champion Award
    American Legacy Foundation2008Schroeder Institute Inauguration
    New England Journal of Medicine and Massachusetts Medical Society2007Shattuck Lecturer
    American College of Physicians2007James D. Bruce Memorial Award for Distinguished Contributions in Preventive Medicine
    University of Iowa, College of Public Health2007Richard and Barbara Hansen Leadership Award and Distinguished Lectureship
    University of California, San Francisco2007Gold Headed Cane Society Induction
    American Legacy Foundation2006National Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies Naming
    Gold Humanism Honor Society2004Membership Award
    University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health2004National Public Health Hero
    University of California, Berkeley2003Regent's Professor
    American Hospital Association2003The Award of Honor
    American Psychosomatic Society Annual Scientific Meeting2003Alvin P. Shapiro Award
    Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids2003Champion Award, Youth Advocate of the Year Award
    National Academy of State Health Policy2002Academy Award for Excellence in State Health Policy and Practice
    Association of American Medical Colleges2002Special Recognition Award
    Ambulatory Pediatric Association2002Armstrong Award (for RWJF)
    Columbia University School of Nursing2002Second Century Award for Excellence in Health Care
    Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America2001National Leadership Award
    University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health2001Porter Prize
    Society of Public Health Education2000Honorary Fellow
    New Jersey Medicine1999Person of the Year
    Alpha Omega Alpha1999Leaders in American Medicine Video Series Honor
    American Cancer Society1996Medal of Honor
    Society of General Internal Medicine1996Robert J. Glaser Award
    American College of Physicians1995Mastership
    The Lotos Club1994Honored at State Dinner
    UniHealth America Foundation1993Pinnacle Award
    American College of Physicians1992Certificate of Achievement
    Ben Gurion University of the Negev1987Dozor Visiting Professor in Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Sciences
    Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences1982Member
    Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society1964Alpha Omega Alpha
    The Phi Beta Kappa Society1959Phi Beta Kappa

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Schroeder is Distinguished Professor of Health and Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, UCSF, where he also heads the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center. The Center, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Truth Initiative, works with leaders of more than 80 American health professional organizations and health care institutions to increase the cessation rate for smokers. It has expanded the types of clinician groups that support cessation, developed an alternative cessation message (Ask, Advise, Refer), created new ways to market toll-free telephone quit lines, and engaged the mental health and addictions treatment community for the first time. The Center's current work is focused especially on how to reduce the huge health burden from smoking that falls upon those with mental illnesses and/or substance abuse disorders. SCLC works collaboratively with SAMHSA, HRSA, the CDC, and multiple health professional groups to provide technical assistance to help strengthen smoking cessation capabilities. The Center has also facilitated summit meetings involving 18 states that conduct tobacco cessation summits enabling states to achieve targeted reductions in smoking rates among behavioral health populations.

    Between 1990 and 2002, Dr. Schroeder was President and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. During that time the Foundation made grant expenditures of almost $4 billion in pursuit of its mission of improving the health and health care of all Americans. It developed new programs in substance abuse prevention and treatment, care at the end of life, and health insurance expansion for children, among others. Dr. Schroeder graduated with honors from Stanford University and Harvard Medical School, and trained in internal medicine at the Harvard Medical Service of Boston City Hospital and in epidemiology as an EIS Officer of the CDC. He held faculty appointments at Harvard, George Washington, and UCSF. At both George Washington and UCSF he was the founding medical director of a university-sponsored HMO, and at UCSF he founded its division of general internal medicine. He is a director of, the Marin General Hospital, the Marin Community Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the Robina Foundation, and former member of the editorial board of the New England Journal of Medicine (for 19 years) and former chair of the Health Care Services Board of the Institute of Medicine (now National Academy of Medicine). He formerly chaired the American Legacy Foundation (now Truth Initiative), was a Council member of the Institute of Medicine, an Overseer of Harvard, President, the Harvard Medical Alumni Association, and director of the James Irvine Foundation. In 2014 he was named a public member of the Congressionally-mandated federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health. He has won numerous awards, including six honorary doctoral degrees and the Gustav O. Leinhard Award from the National Academy of Medicine. He and his wife Sally live in Tiburon, CA. They have two physician sons and four grandchildren.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    NIH D28PE019179Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Global Health

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Schroeder S. Capsule Commentary on Rigotti et al., Interactive Voice Response Calls to Promote Smoking Cessation after Hospital Discharge: Pooled Analysis of Two Randomized Clinical Trials. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Jun 20. PMID: 28634905.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Schroeder S. Epilogue to Special Issue on Tobacco and Other Substance Use Disorders: Links and Implications. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2017 Mar; 43(2):226-229. PMID: 27929656.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Jensen TP, Hennein RT, Saucedo CB, Clark BM, Waldrop JA, Schroeder S. An Industry/Academia Collaborative to Support Smoking-Cessation Grants. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Feb; 52(2):232-236. PMID: 28341005.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder S, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. Postgrad Med J. 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27660283.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rodriquez EJ, Oh SS, PĂ©rez-Stable EJ, Schroeder S. Changes in Smoking Intensity Over Time by Birth Cohort and by Latino National Background, 1997-2014. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 Dec; 18(12):2225-2233. PMID: 27613930.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Schroeder S. Social Justice as the Moral Core of Family Medicine: A Perspective from the Keystone IV Conference. J Am Board Fam Med. 2016 Jul-Aug; 29 Suppl 1:S69-71. PMID: 27387169.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Schroeder S. Commentary on a smoke-free medical campus in Jerusalem: data for action. Isr J Health Policy Res. 2016; 5:27. PMID: 27358722; PMCID: PMC4926527.
    8. Schroeder S. Smoking cessation should be an integral part of serious mental illness treatment. World Psychiatry. 2016 Jun; 15(2):175-6. PMID: 27265708; PMCID: PMC4911769.
    9. Schroeder S. American health improvement depends upon addressing class disparities. Prev Med. 2016 Nov; 92:6-15. PMID: 27018943.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Cullen EB, Hauer KE, Eisenstein L, Boscardin CK, Schroeder S. Southern Medical Students' Views on Medicaid Expansion. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Feb; 176(2):254-6. PMID: 26642382.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Schroeder S. Response: Re: Social Justice as the Moral Core of Family Medicine: A Perspective from the Keystone IV Conference. J Am Board Fam Med. 2016 11/12; 29(6):813. PMID: 28076267.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Schroeder S, Guydish J. The facts are clear. Addiction. 2015 Jun; 110(6):1025-6. PMID: 25963875.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Schroeder S. Even more illness caused by smoking than previously estimated. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec; 174(12):1928-9. PMID: 25317605.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Linos E, Schroeder S, Chren MM. Potential overdiagnosis of basal cell carcinoma in older patients with limited life expectancy. JAMA. 2014 Sep 10; 312(10):997-8. PMID: 25203077.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Brennan TA, Schroeder S. Ending the sale of cigarettes at US pharmacies--reply. JAMA. 2014 Aug 06; 312(5):560. PMID: 25096706.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Hudmon KS, Mark M, Livin AL, Corelli RL, Schroeder S. Tobacco education in U.S. respiratory care programs. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 Oct; 16(10):1394-8. PMID: 25031314; PMCID: PMC4207876.
    17. Smith EA, Jahnke SA, Poston WS, Williams LN, Haddock CK, Schroeder S, Malone RE. Is it time for a tobacco-free military? N Engl J Med. 2014 Aug 14; 371(7):589-91. PMID: 24988299; PMCID: PMC4292879.
    18. Brennan TA, Schroeder S. Ending sales of tobacco products in pharmacies. JAMA. 2014 Mar 19; 311(11):1105-6. PMID: 24500655.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Santhosh L, Meriwether M, Saucedo C, Reyes R, Cheng C, Clark B, Tipperman D, Schroeder S. From the sidelines to the frontline: how the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration embraced smoking cessation. Am J Public Health. 2014 May; 104(5):796-802. PMID: 24625143; PMCID: PMC3987593.
    20. Schroeder S. Physicians, politics, and health insurance expansion. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Feb; 29(2):267-8. PMID: 24338056; PMCID: PMC3912291.
    21. Fiore MC, Schroeder S, Baker TB. Smoke, the chief killer--strategies for targeting combustible tobacco use. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 23; 370(4):297-9. PMID: 24450888; PMCID: PMC4567033.
    22. Schroeder S, Koh HK. Tobacco control 50 years after the 1964 surgeon general's report. JAMA. 2014 Jan 08; 311(2):141-3. PMID: 24399551.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Stecker EC, Schroeder S. Adding value to relative-value units. N Engl J Med. 2013 Dec 05; 369(23):2176-9. PMID: 24256346.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Schroeder S. Can physicians change their laboratory test ordering behavior? A new look at an old issue. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1655-6. PMID: 23897497.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Schroeder S. Smoking-related mortality in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 02; 368(18):1753-4. PMID: 23641497.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Schroeder S, Frist W. Phasing out fee-for-service payment. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 23; 368(21):2029-32. PMID: 23534546.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Khullar D, Schroeder S, Maa J. Helping smokers quit around the time of surgery. JAMA. 2013 Mar 13; 309(10):993-4. PMID: 23483172.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Schroeder S. New evidence that cigarette smoking remains the most important health hazard. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 24; 368(4):389-90. PMID: 23343069.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Schroeder S. Smoking among hospitalized patients: another opportunity to improve patients' health. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Nov 26; 172(21):1675-6. PMID: 23128784.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Schroeder S. Does the moral arc of the universe really bend toward justice? J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Nov; 27(11):1397-9. PMID: 22782279; PMCID: PMC3475820.
    31. Schroeder S. How clinicians can help smokers to quit. JAMA. 2012 Oct 17; 308(15):1586-7. PMID: 23073957.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Fiore MC, Goplerud E, Schroeder S. The Joint Commission's new tobacco-cessation measures--will hospitals do the right thing? N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 29; 366(13):1172-4. PMID: 22417200; PMCID: PMC4461200.
    33. Schroeder S. An update about tobacco and cancer: what clinicians should know. J Cancer Educ. 2012 Mar; 27(1):5-10. PMID: 22298197.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Prochaska JJ, Reyes RS, Schroeder S, Daniels AS, Doederlein A, Bergeson B. An online survey of tobacco use, intentions to quit, and cessation strategies among people living with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2011 Aug-Sep; 13(5-6):466-73. PMID: 22017216; PMCID: PMC3341941.
    35. Schroeder S. Personal reflections on the high cost of American medical care: many causes but few politically sustainable solutions. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Apr 25; 171(8):722-7. PMID: 21518938.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Schroeder S. The kids will be all right (if they don't smoke). Am J Prev Med. 2010 Dec; 39(6):609-10. PMID: 21084083.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Schroeder S, Warner KE. Don't forget tobacco. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15; 363(3):201-4. PMID: 20647196.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Tong EK, Strouse R, Hall J, Kovac M, Schroeder S. National survey of U.S. health professionals' smoking prevalence, cessation practices, and beliefs. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Jul; 12(7):724-33. PMID: 20507899.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Bonniot Saucedo C, Schroeder S. Simplicity sells: Making smoking cessation easier. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3 Suppl):S393-6. PMID: 20176313.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Schroeder S, Morris CD. Confronting a neglected epidemic: tobacco cessation for persons with mental illnesses and substance abuse problems. Annu Rev Public Health. 2010; 31:297-314 1p following 314. PMID: 20001818.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Maa J, Warner D, Schroeder S. What surgeons can do to reduce the impact of smoking on surgical outcomes. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2009 Nov; 94(11):21-5. PMID: 21452790.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Sarkar U, Wachter RM, Schroeder S, Schillinger D. Refocusing the lens: patient safety in ambulatory chronic disease care. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2009 Jul; 35(7):377-83, 341. PMID: 19634806.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Schroeder S. Moving forward in smoking cessation: issues for psychiatric nurses. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2009 Feb; 15(1):68-72. PMID: 21665796.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Schroeder S. A 51-year-old woman with bipolar disorder who wants to quit smoking. JAMA. 2009 Feb 04; 301(5):522-31. PMID: 19126801.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Gollust SE, Schroeder S, Warner KE. Helping smokers quit: understanding the barriers to utilization of smoking cessation services. Milbank Q. 2008 Dec; 86(4):601-27. PMID: 19120982; PMCID: PMC2690372.
    46. Schroeder S. Strategies to reduce tobacco use the role of state research. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Dec; 35(6 Suppl):S519-21. PMID: 19012847.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Baker CD, Caplan A, Davis K, Dentzer S, Epstein AM, Frist B, Galvin RS, King-Shaw RJ, Lee TH, Oberlander JB, Rosenbaum S, Schroeder S, Tuckson RV. Health of the nation--coverage for all Americans. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21; 359(8):777-80. PMID: 18716294.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Schroeder S. Multifactorial intervention and mortality in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 22; 358(21):2292; author reply 2292-3. PMID: 18499577.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Schroeder S. Stranded in the periphery--the increasing marginalization of smokers. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 22; 358(21):2284-6. PMID: 18499574.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Isaacs SL, Schroeder S. California dreamin'--state health care reform and the prospect for national change. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 10; 358(15):1537-40. PMID: 18403762.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Schroeder S. Shattuck Lecture. We can do better--improving the health of the American people. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 20; 357(12):1221-8. PMID: 17881753.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Schroeder S. Role of smoking in U.S. CVD. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 May-Jun; 26(3):899. PMID: 17485775.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Schroeder S, Sox HC. Trials that matter: varenicline: a designer drug to help smokers quit. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Nov 21; 145(10):784-5. PMID: 17116925.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Schroeder S. Should emergency physicians help smokers quit? Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Oct; 48(4):415-6. PMID: 16997677.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Schroeder S. What to do with a patient who smokes. JAMA. 2005 Jul 27; 294(4):482-7. PMID: 16046655.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Schroeder S. An agenda to combat substance abuse. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Jul-Aug; 24(4):1005-13. PMID: 16012140.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Revell CC, Schroeder S. Simplicity matters: using system-level changes to encourage clinician intervention in helping tobacco users quit. Nicotine Tob Res. 2005 Apr; 7 Suppl 1:S67-9. PMID: 16036272.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Schroeder S. The tobacco buyout and the FDA. N Engl J Med. 2004 Sep 30; 351(14):1377-80. PMID: 15459295.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Isaacs SL, Schroeder S. Class - the ignored determinant of the nation's health. N Engl J Med. 2004 Sep 09; 351(11):1137-42. PMID: 15356313.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Schroeder S. Tobacco control in the wake of the 1998 master settlement agreement. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 15; 350(3):293-301. PMID: 14715919.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Larson EB, Fihn SD, Kirk LM, Levinson W, Loge RV, Reynolds E, Sandy L, Schroeder S, Wenger N, Williams M. The future of general internal medicine. Report and recommendations from the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Task Force on the Domain of General Internal Medicine. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Jan; 19(1):69-77. PMID: 14748863; PMCID: PMC1494674.
    62. Schroeder S. Don't let medicine lose its soul! Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 2004; 67(3):21-4. PMID: 15449887.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Schroeder S. Intensity, not prices. Health Aff (Millwood). 2003 Sep-Oct; 22(5):264; author reply 265. PMID: 14515906.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Sandy LG, Schroeder S. Primary care in a new era: disillusion and dissolution?. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Feb 04; 138(3):262-7. PMID: 12558377.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Schroeder S. Addressing both health and health care: an interview with Steven A. Schroeder [interview by John K. Iglehart]. Health Aff (Millwood). 2002 Nov-Dec; 21(6):244-9. PMID: 12442862.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Schroeder S. Conflicting dispatches from the tobacco wars. N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 03; 347(14):1106-9. PMID: 12362014.
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    67. Schroeder S. Primary care at a crossroads. Acad Med. 2002 Aug; 77(8):767-73. PMID: 12176687.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Zones JS, Schroeder S. Evolving residency requirements for ambulatory care training for five medical specialties, 1961 to 1989. West J Med. 1989 Dec; 151(6):676-8. PMID: 2618049; PMCID: PMC1026774.
    69. Gerbert B, Showstack JA, Chapman SA, Schroeder S. The changing dynamics of graduate medical education. Implications for decision-making. West J Med. 1987 Mar; 146(3):368-73. PMID: 3577132; PMCID: PMC1307306.
    70. Showstack JA, Stone MH, Schroeder S. The role of changing clinical practices in the rising costs of hospital care. N Engl J Med. 1985 Nov 07; 313(19):1201-7. PMID: 4058491.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Schroeder S, Gerbert B, Showstack JA, Chapman S. Reduction in medical-school class size. N Engl J Med. 1984 Dec 13; 311(24):1583. PMID: 6504093.
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    72. Schroeder S, Myers LP, McPhee SJ, Showstack JA, Simborg DW, Chapman SA, Leong JK. The failure of physician education as a cost containment strategy. Report of a prospective controlled trial at a university hospital. JAMA. 1984 Jul 13; 252(2):225-30. PMID: 6727021.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Showstack JA, Schroeder S, Matsumoto MF. Changes in the use of medical technologies, 1972-1977: a study of 10 inpatient diagnoses. N Engl J Med. 1982 Mar 25; 306(12):706-12. PMID: 7038484.
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    74. Showstack JA, Schroeder S, Steinberg HR. Evaluating the costs and benefits of a diagnostic technology: the case of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Med Care. 1981 May; 19(5):498-509. PMID: 6785541.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Schroeder S, Showstack JA, Schwartz J. Survival of adult high-cost patients. Report of a follow-up study from nine acute-care hospitals. JAMA. 1981 Apr 10; 245(14):1446-9. PMID: 7206147.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Schroeder S, Showstack JA, Roberts HE. Frequency and clinical description of high-cost patients in 17 acute-care hospitals. N Engl J Med. 1979 Jun 07; 300(23):1306-9. PMID: 440333.
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    77. Schroeder S, Showstack JA. Merchandising cigarettes in pharmacies: a San Francisco survey. Am J Public Health. 1978 May; 68(5):494-5. PMID: 646000; PMCID: PMC1653883.
    78. Schroeder S, Showstack JA. Financial incentives to perform medical procedures and laboratory tests: illustrative models of office practice. Med Care. 1978 Apr; 16(4):289-98. PMID: 651395.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Schroeder S, Werner SM, Piemme TE. Primary care in the academic medical centers: A report of a survey by the AAMC. J Med Educ. 1974 Sep; 49(9):823-33. PMID: 4153009.
      View in: PubMed
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