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Anusha Vable, ScD, MPH

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Family Community Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
AddressLocation Required
Varies CA 00000
Phone--
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-2202-0294 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Grinnell College, Grinnell, IowaBA2004Chemistry
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MichiganMPH2007Epidemiology
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MassachusettsScD2015Social Epidemiology
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MassachusettsPostdoctoral fellow2016Social Epidemiology
    Stanford Center for Population Health Sciences, Stanford, CaliforniaPostdoctoral fellow2018Social Epidemiology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Grinnell College2000  - 2004Incentive Scholarship
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health2010  - 2012Mitchell L. & Robin LaFoley Dong Scholarship
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health2013  - 2014Harvey V. Fineberg Fellowship in Cancer Prevention
    Society for Epidemiologic Research  - 2014Travel Scholarship
    American Public Health Association  - 2016Finalist for the Erickson Foundation Award for Excellence in Research on Positive Aging
    Society for Epidemiologic Research  - 2018Poster Winner
    University of California San Francisco, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics  - 2018"Good Ideas" Contest Winner
    National Institutes of Health 2019  - 2021Health Disparities Loan Repayment Program Recipient

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I am a Social Epidemiologist and my research agenda focuses on identifying scalable, population-level solutions to racial and socioeconomic health disparities. In particular, I focus on education and educational interventions and how they impact dementia, cognition, and other diseases of aging. I found that the Korean War GI Bill, which subsidized college education for qualifying veterans, predicted smaller socioeconomic disparities in markers of mental, physical and cognitive health among veterans compared to non-veterans, and that structurally marginalized groups (women, racial minoritized people, and those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds) seem to benefit more from each year of education than structurally advantaged groups (e.g. high socioeconomic status White men). My work to date suggests programs and policies to increase educational attainment could be powerful mechanism to reduce racial and socioeconomic health inequities.

    Methodologically, I employ methods from basic linear regression to more sophisticated approaches for identifying causal effects using methods from modern epidemiology, econometrics, and psychometrics. I am especially interested in novel approaches for identifying heterogenous treatment effects (HTEs) such as quantile regression, distributional decomposition, and causal forests (a machine learning technique). HTEs are important for reducing disparities, e.g. when the structurally marginalized group benefits more from the exposure than the advantaged group. I additionally have expertise in matching methods and the measurement of childhood socioeconomic status.

    I am especially interested in training the next generation of Social Science researchers and welcome research interns with a range of statistical skills from new learners to those with advanced quantitative skills interested in making a quantitative argument for social change and a more equitable society.

    I also organize a monthly happy hour for Bay Area Population Health Researchers, typically on first Fridays; you can add yourself to the listserv here: https://bit.ly/2GlXpyX

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Evaluation of college accessibility and income security interventions as preventative measures for dementia risk and solutions to dementia disparities
    NIH/NIA R01AG069092Sep 15, 2020 - May 31, 2025
    Role: PI
    Role Description: This proposal evaluates socioeconomic interventions that increased years of education (Aim 1) and income security (Aim 2) to determine if such interventions impacted dementia risk overall, and whether structurally minoritized groups (Black Americans, individuals from low childhood SES backgrounds, and people who grew up in rural areas or the South) differentially benefited (Aim 3). We hypothesize that these interventions reduced dementia risk overall, and that structurally minoritized groups benefitted more resulting in smaller socioeconomic, racial, and geographic disparities.
    Reducing socioeconomic and racial disparities in CVD: evaluation of potential effects of educational interventions
    American Heart Association 19CDA34660304Apr 1, 2019 - Mar 31, 2022
    Role: PI
    Role Description: I will evaluate if socially vulnerable groups benefit more from educational policies than socially advantaged groups resulting in smaller socioeconomic and racial disparities in CVD outcomes.
    Educational Trajectories & Health: When people finish school and how it matters
    NIH/NIA 5R01AG05636003Jun 1, 2018 - May 31, 2022
    Role: Co-Investigator on Administrative Supplement
    Role Description: I am overseeing the analyses for the administrative supplement to extend our work on educational trajectories and health to cognition and cognitive decline.

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Twitter

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Short-term effects of the earned income tax credit on mental health and health behaviors. Prev Med. 2020 10; 139:106223. Collin DF, Shields-Zeeman LS, Batra A, Vable AM, Rehkopf DH, Machen L, Hamad R. PMID: 32735990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Does the Type and Timing of Educational Attainment Influence Physical Health? A Novel Application of Sequence Analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Jul 17. Vable AM, Duarte CD, Cohen AK, Glymour MM, Ream RK, Yen IH. PMID: 32676653.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Homelessness, housing instability, and abortion outcomes at an urban abortion clinic in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Jul 05. Orlando MS, Vable AM, Holt K, Wingo E, Newmann S, Shapiro BJ, Borne D, Drey EA, Seidman D. PMID: 32640198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Is it possible to overcome the 'long arm' of childhood socioeconomic disadvantage through upward socioeconomic mobility? J Public Health (Oxf). 2019 09 30; 41(3):566-574. Vable AM, Gilsanz P, Kawachi I. PMID: 30811528.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Performance of Matching Methods as Compared With Unmatched Ordinary Least Squares Regression Under Constant Effects. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 07 01; 188(7):1345-1354. Vable AM, Kiang MV, Glymour MM, Rigdon J, Drabo EF, Basu S. PMID: 30995301.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Quality and quantity: The association of state-level educational policies with later life cardiovascular disease. Prev Med. 2019 09; 126:105750. Hamad R, Nguyen TT, Glymour MM, Vable A, Manly JJ, Rehkopf DH. PMID: 31195021.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Differential associations between state-level educational quality and cardiovascular health by race: Early-life exposures and late-life health. SSM Popul Health. 2019 Aug; 8:100418. Vable AM, Nguyen TT, Rehkopf D, Glymour MM, Hamad R. PMID: 31249857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Do the health benefits of education vary by sociodemographic subgroup? Differential returns to education and implications for health inequities. Ann Epidemiol. 2018 11; 28(11):759-766.e5. Vable AM, Cohen AK, Leonard SA, Glymour MM, Duarte CDP, Yen IH. PMID: 30309690.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Military Service, Childhood Socio-Economic Status, and Late-Life Lung Function: Korean War Era Military Service Associated with Smaller Disparities. Mil Med. 2018 09 01; 183(9-10):e576-e582. Vable AM, Kiang MV, Basu S, Rudolph KE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Glymour MM. PMID: 29509934.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Mother's education and late-life disparities in memory and dementia risk among US military veterans and non-veterans. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2018 12; 72(12):1162-1167. Vable AM, Eng CW, Mayeda ER, Basu S, Marden JR, Hamad R, Glymour MM. PMID: 30082424.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Trends for Reported Discrimination in Health Care in a National Sample of Older Adults with Chronic Conditions. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 03; 33(3):291-297. Nguyen TT, Vable AM, Glymour MM, Nuru-Jeter A. PMID: 29247435.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Validation of a theoretically motivated approach to measuring childhood socioeconomic circumstances in the Health and Retirement Study. PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0185898. Vable AM, Gilsanz P, Nguyen TT, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. PMID: 29028834.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Discrimination in health care and biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk in U.S. adults. Social Science and Medicine Population Health. 2017; 7:100306. Nguyen TT, Vable AM, Glymour MM, Nuru-Jeter A. View Publication.
    14. Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans. PLoS One. 2016; 11(5):e0154203. Vable AM, Kawachi I, Canning D, Glymour MM, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV. PMID: 27186983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Can social policy influence socioeconomic disparities? Korean War GI Bill eligibility and markers of depression. Ann Epidemiol. 2016 Feb; 26(2):129-135.e3. Vable AM, Canning D, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV. PMID: 26778285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Does the "widowhood effect" precede spousal bereavement? Results from a nationally representative sample of older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Mar; 23(3):283-92. Vable AM, Subramanian SV, Rist PM, Glymour MM. PMID: 24974142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Outcomes of the Botswana national HIV/AIDS treatment programme from 2002 to 2010: a longitudinal analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Jan; 2(1):e44-50. Farahani M, Vable A, Lebelonyane R, Seipone K, Anderson M, Avalos A, Chadborn T, Tilahun H, Roumis D, Moeti T, Musuka G, Busang L, Gaolathe T, Malefho KC, Marlink R. PMID: 25104635.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. Short- and long-term associations between widowhood and mortality in the United States: longitudinal analyses. J Public Health (Oxf). 2014 Sep; 36(3):382-9. Moon JR, Glymour MM, Vable AM, Liu SY, Subramanian SV. PMID: 24167198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Undergoing transformation to the patient centered medical home in safety net health centers: perspectives from the front lines. Ethn Dis. 2013; 23(3):356-62. Quinn MT, Gunter KE, Nocon RS, Lewis SE, Vable AM, Tang H, Park SY, Casalino LP, Huang ES, Birnberg J, Burnet DL, Summerfelt WT, Chin MH. PMID: 23914423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Combating Obesity at Community Health Centers (COACH): a quality improvement collaborative for weight management programs. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013; 24(2 Suppl):47-60. Wilkes AE, John PM, Vable AM, Campbell A, Heuer L, Schaefer C, Vinci L, Drum ML, Chin MH, Quinn MT, Burnet DL. PMID: 23727964.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Patient-centered medical home characteristics and staff morale in safety net clinics. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Jan 09; 172(1):23-31. Lewis SE, Nocon RS, Tang H, Park SY, Vable AM, Casalino LP, Huang ES, Quinn MT, Burnet DL, Summerfelt WT, Birnberg JM, Chin MH. PMID: 22232143.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Development of a safety net medical home scale for clinics. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Dec; 26(12):1418-25. Birnberg JM, Drum ML, Huang ES, Casalino LP, Lewis SE, Vable AM, Tang H, Quinn MT, Burnet DL, Summerfelt T, Chin MH. PMID: 21837377.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Implications of the new definition of diabetes for health disparities. J Natl Med Assoc. 2011 Mar; 103(3):219-23. Vable AM, Drum ML, Tang H, Chin MH, Lindau ST, Huang ES. PMID: 21671525.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Sexuality among middle-aged and older adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes: a national, population-based study. Diabetes Care. 2010 Oct; 33(10):2202-10. Lindau ST, Tang H, Gomero A, Vable A, Huang ES, Drum ML, Qato DM, Chin MH. PMID: 20802158.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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