Cyrus Ahalt, MPP

Title(s)Chief Program Officer, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address2789 25th Street, #350
San Francisco CA 94110
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Georgetown UniversityMPP2010McCourt School of Public Policy
    Dartmouth CollegeBA2003
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)2012  - 2013Fellowship in Correctional Health
    The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding2004  - 2005Lombard Public Service Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Cyrus Ahalt is a public health researcher in the UCSF Department of Medicine and Associate Director of The Criminal Justice & Health Program at UCSF. His work has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, the American Journal of Public Health, Health Affairs Blog, and elsewhere. He has consulted to Departments of Corrections around the country to promote rehabilitation by improving living and working conditions in state prison facilities and enhance health care services for aging, cognitively impaired, and seriously and terminally ill people in prison, including expanding access to existing Medical Parole and Compassionate Release laws. As part of that work, he has facilitated an ongoing international exchange program that has advanced prison reform in the U.S. by connecting leaders in the Norwegian Correctional Service with correctional and government leaders in six U.S. states. The program has been featured in USA Today, Mother Jones, and other media outlets.

    He has contributed research and writing for expert testimony commissioned by the National ACLU, the US Federal Sentencing Commission, and others and has authored textbook chapters for the World Health Organization's Health In Prisons guide and the Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Mr. Ahalt has assisted California State Senators and advocacy organizations in drafting and advancing criminal justice reform bills and conducted a portfolio review of NIH funding to highlight the dearth of research funding on behalf of people in prison despite the national focus on health disparities.

    Mr. Ahalt's previously worked as a public health program evaluator assessing interventions to improve population health and eliminate domestic violence in post-conflict sub-Saharan Africa.

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Stress and Anxiety Among Correctional Health Care Professionals in a U.S. State Prison System During COVID-19. J Correct Health Care. 2024 Feb; 30(1):40-48. Leach BCB, Ahalt C, Williams B, Kwan AT. PMID: 38174991.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    2. The resource team: A case study of a solitary confinement reform in Oregon. PLoS One. 2023; 18(7):e0288187. Cloud DH, Haney C, Augustine D, Ahalt C, Williams B. PMID: 37494407; PMCID: PMC10370690.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. A stepwise guide for healthcare professionals requesting compassionate release for patients who are incarcerated. Int J Prison Health. 2022 Jul 14. Kanbergs A, Garcia-Grossman I, Ahalt C, DiTomas M, Bedard R, Williams B. PMID: 35820056; PMCID: PMC10141511.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Correction to: "We just needed to open the door": a case study of the quest to end solitary confinement in North Dakota. Health Justice. 2021 Nov 09; 9(1):29. Cloud DH, Augustine D, Ahalt C, Haney C, Peterson L, Braun C, Williams B. PMID: 34751820; PMCID: PMC8579667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. "We just needed to open the door": a case study of the quest to end solitary confinement in North Dakota. Health Justice. 2021 Oct 18; 9(1):28. Cloud DH, Augustine D, Ahalt C, Haney C, Peterson L, Braun C, Williams B. PMID: 34664150; PMCID: PMC8522549.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    6. Occupational Health: A Key to the Control of COVID-19 in Correctional Facilities. Ann Intern Med. 2020 12 01; 173(11):924-925. Sears D, Ahalt C, Augustine D, Williams B. PMID: 32716628; PMCID: PMC7418489.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    7. Medical Isolation and Solitary Confinement: Balancing Health and Humanity in US Jails and Prisons During COVID-19. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 09; 35(9):2738-2742. Cloud DH, Ahalt C, Augustine D, Sears D, Williams B. PMID: 32632787; PMCID: PMC7338113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    8. Prisons: Amplifiers of the COVID-19 Pandemic Hiding in Plain Sight. Am J Public Health. 2020 07; 110(7):964-966. Barnert E, Ahalt C, Williams B. PMID: 32407126; PMCID: PMC7287517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    9. Role of a US-Norway Exchange in Placing Health and Well-Being at the Center of US Prison Reform. Am J Public Health. 2020 01; 110(S1):S27-S29. Ahalt C, Haney C, Ekhaugen K, Williams B. PMID: 31967893; PMCID: PMC6987915.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. First Do No Harm. . 2019 Dec 12; 153-172. Williams WB, Ahalt AC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    11. The Cardiovascular Health Burdens of Solitary Confinement. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 10; 34(10):1977-1980. Williams BA, Li A, Ahalt C, Coxson P, Kahn JG, Bibbins-Domingo K. PMID: 31228050; PMCID: PMC6816726.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among Criminal Justice-Involved Older Adults. Tob Use Insights. 2019; 12:1179173X19833357. Ahalt C, Buisker T, Myers J, Williams B. PMID: 30890860; PMCID: PMC6416677.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    13. "No One Wants to Die Alone": Incarcerated Patients' Knowledge and Attitudes About Early Medical Release. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2019 04; 57(4):809-815. Kanbergs A, Ahalt C, Cenzer IS, Morrison RS, Williams BA. PMID: 30593912.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Reply to "Cognitive Health and Incarceration among Older Adults". J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 03; 67(3):623-624. Ahalt C, Williams BA. PMID: 30521093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. "We Take Care of Patients, but We Don't Advocate for Them": Advance Care Planning in Prison or Jail. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 12; 66(12):2382-2388. Ekaireb R, Ahalt C, Sudore R, Metzger L, Williams B. PMID: 30300941; PMCID: PMC6364842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Cognition and Incarceration: Cognitive Impairment and Its Associated Outcomes in Older Adults in Jail. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 11; 66(11):2065-2071. Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Miller BL, Rosen HJ, Barnes DE, Williams BA. PMID: 30232805; PMCID: PMC6512774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Six-Month Emergency Department Use among Older Adults Following Jail Incarceration. J Urban Health. 2018 08; 95(4):523-533. Humphreys J, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Widera E, Williams B. PMID: 29204845; PMCID: PMC6095758.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Older adults in jail: high rates and early onset of geriatric conditions. Health Justice. 2018 Feb 17; 6(1):3. Greene M, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Metzger L, Williams B. PMID: 29455436; PMCID: PMC5816733.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35  
    19. Balancing the Rights to Protection and Participation: A Call for Expanded Access to Ethically Conducted Correctional Health Research. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 05; 33(5):764-768. Ahalt C, Haney C, Kinner S, Williams B. PMID: 29404944; PMCID: PMC5910351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Wealth-Associated Disparities in Death and Disability in the United States and England. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 12 01; 177(12):1745-1753. Makaroun LK, Brown RT, Diaz-Ramirez LG, Ahalt C, Boscardin WJ, Lang-Brown S, Lee S. PMID: 29059279; PMCID: PMC5820733.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Examining the role of healthcare professionals in the use of solitary confinement. BMJ. 2017 10 24; 359:j4657. Ahalt C, Rothman A, Williams BA. PMID: 29066498.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Differences between incarcerated and non-incarcerated patients who die in community hospitals highlight the need for palliative care services for seriously ill prisoners in correctional facilities and in community hospitals: A cross-sectional study. Palliat Med. 2018 01; 32(1):17-22. Rothman A, McConville S, Hsia R, Metzger L, Ahalt C, Williams BA. PMID: 28952889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Building on mental health training for law enforcement: strengthening community partnerships. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):207-212. Campbell J, Ahalt C, Hagar R, Arroyo W. PMID: 28914119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Advancing evidence-based interventions at the intersection of criminal justice and health. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):137-138. Ahalt C, Williams B. PMID: 28914123.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Mobilizing cross-sector community partnerships to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults: a framework for action. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):173-184. Metzger L, Ahalt C, Kushel M, Riker A, Williams B. PMID: 28914125; PMCID: PMC5824987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. "Teach-to-Goal" to Better Assess Informed Consent Comprehension among Incarcerated Clinical Research Participants. AMA J Ethics. 2017 Sep 01; 19(9):862-872. Ahalt C, Sudore R, Bolano M, Metzger L, Darby AM, Williams B. PMID: 28905727; PMCID: PMC5762181.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. PARALLELS ACROSS THE POND: WEALTH ASSOCIATED DISPARITY IN DEATH AND DISABILITY IN THE U.S. AND ENGLAND. Innovation in Aging. 2017 Jul 1; 1(suppl_1):697-697. Makaroun ML, Brown BR, Diaz-Ramirez DL, Ahalt AC, Boscardin BJ, Lang-Brown LS, Lee LS. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    28. Good Cop, Better Cop: Evaluation of a Geriatrics Training Program for Police. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Aug; 65(8):1842-1847. Brown RT, Ahalt C, Rivera J, Stijacic Cenzer I, Wilhelm A, Williams BA. PMID: 28436006; PMCID: PMC5555774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Guest editorial. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):1-2. Ahalt C, Williams B. PMID: 28299965.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Reducing the use and impact of solitary confinement in corrections. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):41-48. Ahalt C, Haney C, Rios S, Fox MP, Farabee D, Williams B. PMID: 28299967.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Older and incarcerated: policy implications of aging prison populations. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):57-63. Psick Z, Simon J, Brown R, Ahalt C. PMID: 28299972; PMCID: PMC5812446.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. For Seriously Ill Prisoners, Consider Evidence-Based Compassionate Release Policies. Health Affairs Blog. 2017. Williams B, Rothman A, Ahalt C. View Publication.
    33. Detained and Distressed: Persistent Distressing Symptoms in a Population of Older Jail Inmates. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 11; 64(11):2349-2355. Bolano M, Ahalt C, Ritchie C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Williams B. PMID: 27534904; PMCID: PMC5118088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and associated health and social vulnerabilities in older jail inmates. Aging Ment Health. 2017 10; 21(10):1106-1112. Flatt JD, Williams BA, Barnes D, Goldenson J, Ahalt C. PMID: 27367335; PMCID: PMC5580931.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Challenges in Identifying Refugees in National Health Data Sets. Am J Public Health. 2016 07; 106(7):1231-2. Semere W, Yun K, Ahalt C, Williams B, Wang EA. PMID: 27196649; PMCID: PMC4984733.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Reforming Solitary-Confinement Policy--Heeding a Presidential Call to Action. N Engl J Med. 2016 May 05; 374(18):1704-6. Ahalt C, Williams B. PMID: 27144846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Do Palliative Care and Geriatric Factors Predict 6-Month ER Use in Older Jail Inmates? (S713). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):413-414. Humphreys HJ, Ahalt AC, Williams WB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    38. Detained and Distressed: Persistent Distressing Symptoms in a Population of Older Jail Inmates (TH360B). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):341. Bolano BM, Ahalt AC, Ritchie RC, Cenzer CI, Williams WB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    39. In-Hospital Mortality Among California’s Jail and Prison Inmates: The Need for Improved Data on the Causes of Death (TH360A). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):340-341. Flatt FJ, Ahalt AC, Hsia HR, Williams WB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    40. State of Research Funding From the National Institutes of Health for Criminal Justice Health Research. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Aug 04; 163(3):240-1. Ahalt C, Wang EA, Williams B. PMID: 26237756.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. The state of research funding from the National Institutes of Health for criminal justice health research. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Mar 03; 162(5):345-52. Ahalt C, Bolano M, Wang EA, Williams B. PMID: 25732276; PMCID: PMC4652644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. How can criminal justice systems from police to probation address the medical and social care needs of elderly prisoners? Invited Blog Post for Penal Reform International. Retrieved from 2015. Ahalt, C. Williams B.
    43. Pain behind bars: the epidemiology of pain in older jail inmates in a county jail. J Palliat Med. 2014 Dec; 17(12):1336-43. Williams BA, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Smith AK, Goldenson J, Ritchie CS. PMID: 25265035; PMCID: PMC4268586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Police on the front line of community geriatric health care: challenges and opportunities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Nov; 62(11):2191-8. Brown RT, Ahalt C, Steinman MA, Kruger K, Williams BA. PMID: 25378267; PMCID: PMC4349487.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Older jail inmates and community acute care use. Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):1728-33. Chodos AH, Ahalt C, Cenzer IS, Myers J, Goldenson J, Williams BA. PMID: 25033146; PMCID: PMC4151907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. "My older clients fall through every crack in the system": geriatrics knowledge of legal professionals. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Apr; 62(4):734-9. Soones T, Ahalt C, Garrigues S, Faigman D, Williams BA. PMID: 24611718; PMCID: PMC3989368.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. The Epidemiology of Pain in Older Jail Inmates with Advanced and Chronic Illness (TH337-C). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2014 Feb 1; 47(2):412-413. Williams WB, Ahalt AC, Smith SA, Cenzer CI, Ritchie RC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    48. 1%ers. . 2014 Jan 1; 1-1. Taxman TF, Caudy CM, Maass MS, Loeber LR, Farrington FD, Birks BD, Elffers EH, Groff GE, Malleson MN, Evans EA, Williams WB, Ahalt AC, Aronson AL, Subjack SJ, Aguilar AG, Titterington TV, Morgenstern MC, Bernburg BJ, Goodwill GA, van der Kemp vJ, Winter WJ, Bennett BJ, Hopper HR. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    49. Aging Correctional Populations. Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2014 Jan 1; 48-59. Williams WB, Ahalt AC, Aronson AL. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    50. Chapter in Bruinsma G and Weisburd D, The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Aging Correctional Populations. Springer. NY. 48-59. 2014. Williams B, Ahalt C, Aronson L.
    51. Current Geriatric Diagnosis & Treatment. McGraw Hill, NY. 2014. Williams BA, Chang AC, Ahalt C, Chen H, Conant RC, Landefeld CS, Ritchie CS, Yukawa M (Co-Editors).
    52. Chapter in: Moller L, Stover H, Jurgens R, et al. Health in Prisons: A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health. The Older Prisoner and Complex Medical Care. The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, Prisons and Health, World Health Organization. pp.165-169. 2014. Williams BA, Ahalt C, Greifinger RB.
    53. Paying the price: the pressing need for quality, cost, and outcomes data to improve correctional health care for older prisoners. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Nov; 61(11):2013-9. Ahalt C, Trestman RL, Rich JD, Greifinger RB, Williams BA. PMID: 24219203; PMCID: PMC3984258.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Addressing the aging crisis in U.S. criminal justice health care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jun; 60(6):1150-6. Williams BA, Goodwin JS, Baillargeon J, Ahalt C, Walter LC. PMID: 22642489; PMCID: PMC3374923.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Quality of life in late-life disability: "I don't feel bitter because I am in a wheelchair". J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Mar; 60(3):569-76. King J, Yourman L, Ahalt C, Eng C, Knight SJ, Pérez-Stable EJ, Smith AK. PMID: 22288767; PMCID: PMC3619719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. How safe is your neighborhood? Perceived neighborhood safety and functional decline in older adults. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):541-7. Sun VK, Stijacic Cenzer I, Kao H, Ahalt C, Williams BA. PMID: 22160889; PMCID: PMC3326109.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. "Knowing is better": preferences of diverse older adults for discussing prognosis. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):568-75. Ahalt C, Walter LC, Yourman L, Eng C, Pérez-Stable EJ, Smith AK. PMID: 22127798; PMCID: PMC3326105.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Confined to ignorance: the absence of prisoner information from nationally representative health data sets. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Feb; 27(2):160-6. Ahalt C, Binswanger IA, Steinman M, Tulsky J, Williams BA. PMID: 21922160; PMCID: PMC3270223.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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