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Cyrus Ahalt, MPP

Title(s)Associate Director, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-502-0191
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Georgetown UniversityMPP2010McCourt School of Public Policy
    Dartmouth CollegeBA2003
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)2012  - 2013Fellowship in Correctional Health
    The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding2004  - 2005Lombard Public Service Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Cyrus Ahalt is a public health researcher in the UCSF Department of Medicine and Associate Director of The Criminal Justice & Health Program at UCSF. His work has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, the American Journal of Public Health, Health Affairs Blog, and elsewhere. He has consulted to Departments of Corrections around the country to promote rehabilitation by improving living and working conditions in state prison facilities and enhance health care services for aging, cognitively impaired, and seriously and terminally ill people in prison, including expanding access to existing Medical Parole and Compassionate Release laws. As part of that work, he has facilitated an ongoing international exchange program that has advanced prison reform in the U.S. by connecting leaders in the Norwegian Correctional Service with correctional and government leaders in six U.S. states. The program has been featured in USA Today, Mother Jones, and other media outlets.

    He has contributed research and writing for expert testimony commissioned by the National ACLU, the US Federal Sentencing Commission, and others and has authored textbook chapters for the World Health Organization's Health In Prisons guide and the Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Mr. Ahalt has assisted California State Senators and advocacy organizations in drafting and advancing criminal justice reform bills and conducted a portfolio review of NIH funding to highlight the dearth of research funding on behalf of people in prison despite the national focus on health disparities.

    Mr. Ahalt's previously worked as a public health program evaluator assessing interventions to improve population health and eliminate domestic violence in post-conflict sub-Saharan Africa.

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    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Williams BA, Li A, Ahalt C, Coxson P, Kahn JG, Bibbins-Domingo K. The Cardiovascular Health Burdens of Solitary Confinement. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Jun 21. PMID: 31228050.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ahalt C, Buisker T, Myers J, Williams B. Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among Criminal Justice-Involved Older Adults. Tob Use Insights. 2019; 12:1179173X19833357. PMID: 30890860.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kanbergs A, Ahalt C, Cenzer IS, Morrison RS, Williams BA. "No One Wants to Die Alone": Incarcerated Patients' Knowledge and Attitudes About Early Medical Release. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2019 Apr; 57(4):809-815. PMID: 30593912.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Ahalt C, Williams BA. Reply to "Cognitive Health and Incarceration among Older Adults". J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Mar; 67(3):623-624. PMID: 30521093.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ekaireb R, Ahalt C, Sudore R, Metzger L, Williams B. "We Take Care of Patients, but We Don't Advocate for Them": Advance Care Planning in Prison or Jail. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 12; 66(12):2382-2388. PMID: 30300941.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Miller BL, Rosen HJ, Barnes DE, Williams BA. Cognition and Incarceration: Cognitive Impairment and Its Associated Outcomes in Older Adults in Jail. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 11; 66(11):2065-2071. PMID: 30232805.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Humphreys J, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Widera E, Williams B. Six-Month Emergency Department Use among Older Adults Following Jail Incarceration. J Urban Health. 2018 08; 95(4):523-533. PMID: 29204845.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Greene M, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Metzger L, Williams B. Older adults in jail: high rates and early onset of geriatric conditions. Health Justice. 2018 Feb 17; 6(1):3. PMID: 29455436.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ahalt C, Haney C, Kinner S, Williams B. Balancing the Rights to Protection and Participation: A Call for Expanded Access to Ethically Conducted Correctional Health Research. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 05; 33(5):764-768. PMID: 29404944.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Makaroun LK, Brown RT, Diaz-Ramirez LG, Ahalt C, Boscardin WJ, Lang-Brown S, Lee S. Wealth-Associated Disparities in Death and Disability in the United States and England. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 12 01; 177(12):1745-1753. PMID: 29059279.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Ahalt C, Rothman A, Williams BA. Examining the role of healthcare professionals in the use of solitary confinement. BMJ. 2017 10 24; 359:j4657. PMID: 29066498.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Rothman A, McConville S, Hsia R, Metzger L, Ahalt C, Williams BA. Differences between incarcerated and non-incarcerated patients who die in community hospitals highlight the need for palliative care services for seriously ill prisoners in correctional facilities and in community hospitals: A cross-sectional study. Palliat Med. 2018 01; 32(1):17-22. PMID: 28952889.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Campbell J, Ahalt C, Hagar R, Arroyo W. Building on mental health training for law enforcement: strengthening community partnerships. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):207-212. PMID: 28914119.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Ahalt C, Williams B. Advancing evidence-based interventions at the intersection of criminal justice and health. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):137-138. PMID: 28914123.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Metzger L, Ahalt C, Kushel M, Riker A, Williams B. Mobilizing cross-sector community partnerships to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults: a framework for action. Int J Prison Health. 2017 09 11; 13(3-4):173-184. PMID: 28914125.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Ahalt C, Sudore R, Bolano M, Metzger L, Darby AM, Williams B. "Teach-to-Goal" to Better Assess Informed Consent Comprehension among Incarcerated Clinical Research Participants. AMA J Ethics. 2017 Sep 01; 19(9):862-872. PMID: 28905727.
      View in: PubMed
    17. L.K. Makaroun, R. Brown, L. Diaz-Ramirez, C. Ahalt, J. Boscardin, S. Lang-Brown, S. Lee. PARALLELS ACROSS THE POND: WEALTH ASSOCIATED DISPARITY IN DEATH AND DISABILITY IN THE U.S. AND ENGLAND. 2017 Jul 1; 1(suppl_1):697-697.
      View in: Publisher Site
    18. Brown RT, Ahalt C, Rivera J, Stijacic Cenzer I, Wilhelm A, Williams BA. Good Cop, Better Cop: Evaluation of a Geriatrics Training Program for Police. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Aug; 65(8):1842-1847. PMID: 28436006.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Psick Z, Simon J, Brown R, Ahalt C. Older and incarcerated: policy implications of aging prison populations. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):57-63. PMID: 28299972.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Ahalt C, Williams B. Guest editorial. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):1-2. PMID: 28299965.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Ahalt C, Haney C, Rios S, Fox MP, Farabee D, Williams B. Reducing the use and impact of solitary confinement in corrections. Int J Prison Health. 2017 03 13; 13(1):41-48. PMID: 28299967.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Williams B, Rothman A, Ahalt C.For Seriously Ill Prisoners, Consider Evidence-Based Compassionate Release Policies. Health Affairs Blog. 2017.
    23. Bolano M, Ahalt C, Ritchie C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Williams B. Detained and Distressed: Persistent Distressing Symptoms in a Population of Older Jail Inmates. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 11; 64(11):2349-2355. PMID: 27534904.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Flatt JD, Williams BA, Barnes D, Goldenson J, Ahalt C. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and associated health and social vulnerabilities in older jail inmates. Aging Ment Health. 2017 10; 21(10):1106-1112. PMID: 27367335.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Semere W, Yun K, Ahalt C, Williams B, Wang EA. Challenges in Identifying Refugees in National Health Data Sets. Am J Public Health. 2016 07; 106(7):1231-2. PMID: 27196649.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Ahalt C, Williams B. Reforming Solitary-Confinement Policy--Heeding a Presidential Call to Action. N Engl J Med. 2016 May 05; 374(18):1704-6. PMID: 27144846.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Jessica Humphreys, Cyrus Ahalt, Brie Williams. Do Palliative Care and Geriatric Factors Predict 6-Month ER Use in Older Jail Inmates? (S713). 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):413-414.
      View in: Publisher Site
    28. Jason Flatt, Cyrus Ahalt, Renee Hsia, Brie Williams. In-Hospital Mortality Among California’s Jail and Prison Inmates: The Need for Improved Data on the Causes of Death (TH360A). 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):340-341.
      View in: Publisher Site
    29. Marielle Bolano, Cyrus Ahalt, Christine Ritchie, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Brie Williams. Detained and Distressed: Persistent Distressing Symptoms in a Population of Older Jail Inmates (TH360B). 2016 Feb 1; 51(2):341.
      View in: Publisher Site
    30. Ahalt C, Wang EA, Williams B. State of Research Funding From the National Institutes of Health for Criminal Justice Health Research. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Aug 04; 163(3):240-1. PMID: 26237756.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Ahalt C, Bolano M, Wang EA, Williams B. The state of research funding from the National Institutes of Health for criminal justice health research. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Mar 03; 162(5):345-52. PMID: 25732276.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Ahalt, C. Williams B.How can criminal justice systems from police to probation address the medical and social care needs of elderly prisoners? Invited Blog Post for Penal Reform International. Retrieved from http://www.penalreform.org/. 2015.
    33. Williams BA, Ahalt C, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Smith AK, Goldenson J, Ritchie CS. Pain behind bars: the epidemiology of pain in older jail inmates in a county jail. J Palliat Med. 2014 Dec; 17(12):1336-43. PMID: 25265035.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Brown RT, Ahalt C, Steinman MA, Kruger K, Williams BA. Police on the front line of community geriatric health care: challenges and opportunities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Nov; 62(11):2191-8. PMID: 25378267.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Chodos AH, Ahalt C, Cenzer IS, Myers J, Goldenson J, Williams BA. Older jail inmates and community acute care use. Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):1728-33. PMID: 25033146.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Soones T, Ahalt C, Garrigues S, Faigman D, Williams BA. "My older clients fall through every crack in the system": geriatrics knowledge of legal professionals. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Apr; 62(4):734-9. PMID: 24611718.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Brie Williams, Cyrus Ahalt, Alexander Smith, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Christine Ritchie. The Epidemiology of Pain in Older Jail Inmates with Advanced and Chronic Illness (TH337-C). 2014 Feb 1; 47(2):412-413.
      View in: Publisher Site
    38. Brie Williams, Cyrus Ahalt, Louise Aronson. Aging Correctional Populations. 2014 Jan 1; 48-59.
      View in: Publisher Site
    39. Williams BA, Ahalt C, Greifinger RB.Chapter in: Moller L, Stover H, Jurgens R, et al. Health in Prisons: A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health. The Older Prisoner and Complex Medical Care. The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, Prisons and Health, World Health Organization. pp.165-169. 2014.
    40. Williams B, Ahalt C, Aronson L.Chapter in Bruinsma G and Weisburd D, The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Aging Correctional Populations. Springer. NY. 48-59. 2014.
    41. Williams BA, Chang AC, Ahalt C, Chen H, Conant RC, Landefeld CS, Ritchie CS, Yukawa M (Co-Editors).Current Geriatric Diagnosis & Treatment. McGraw Hill, NY. 2014.
    42. Ahalt C, Trestman RL, Rich JD, Greifinger RB, Williams BA. Paying the price: the pressing need for quality, cost, and outcomes data to improve correctional health care for older prisoners. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Nov; 61(11):2013-9. PMID: 24219203.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Williams BA, Goodwin JS, Baillargeon J, Ahalt C, Walter LC. Addressing the aging crisis in U.S. criminal justice health care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jun; 60(6):1150-6. PMID: 22642489.
      View in: PubMed
    44. King J, Yourman L, Ahalt C, Eng C, Knight SJ, Pérez-Stable EJ, Smith AK. Quality of life in late-life disability: "I don't feel bitter because I am in a wheelchair". J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Mar; 60(3):569-76. PMID: 22288767.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Sun VK, Stijacic Cenzer I, Kao H, Ahalt C, Williams BA. How safe is your neighborhood? Perceived neighborhood safety and functional decline in older adults. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):541-7. PMID: 22160889.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Ahalt C, Walter LC, Yourman L, Eng C, Pérez-Stable EJ, Smith AK. "Knowing is better": preferences of diverse older adults for discussing prognosis. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):568-75. PMID: 22127798.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Ahalt C, Binswanger IA, Steinman M, Tulsky J, Williams BA. Confined to ignorance: the absence of prisoner information from nationally representative health data sets. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Feb; 27(2):160-6. PMID: 21922160.
      View in: PubMed