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Deborah Barnes, PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentPsychiatry
Address4150 Clement St
San Francisco CA 94121
Phone415-221-4810
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute, UCSF2013Consultant of the Year awardee
    Medical Student Training in Aging Research program2011Mentor of the Year awardee
    Bay Area Clinical Research Symposium2010Mentor of the Year nominee
    National Institute on Aging2005K01 Career Development Award (AG-024069)
    Alzheimer's Association of Northern California and Northern Nevada2003Student Award for Excellence in Alzheimer's Research
    University of California, Berkeley2001Paola Timiras Award for Research on Aging
    National Institute of Mental Health2000National Research Service Award for Individual Predoctoral Fellows (F31 MH12665)

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dementia prevalence is expected to quadruple worldwide over the next 40 years at tremendous monetary and emotional cost. Dr. Barnes' research is designed to minimize the impact of the impending dementia epidemic using a three-pronged approach for developing and evaluating strategies to maintain cognitive function and prevent or delay dementia onset in late life: 1) identification of risk factors for cognitive impairment and dementia in older adults, 2) evaluation of prevention strategies for helping older adults to maintain cognitive function with age, and 3) development of dementia risk prediction models that can be used to estimate the impact of risk factor reduction and to target prevention strategies toward those who are at greatest risk.

    Dr. Barnes' has published numerous observational studies related to identification of factors associated with increased or decreased risk of cognitive decline and dementia. She has been particularly interested in the potential protective effects of physical and mental activity as well as the complex relationship between depression and cognitive impairment. Taken together, this work suggests that there are a variety of potential strategies for lowering risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in late life.

    Dr. Barnes also has lead several randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for enhancing cognitive function in late life. One study examined the effects of a computer-based cognitive training program in individuals with mild cognitive impairment. Another study used a factorial design to examine the effects of combined physical (aerobic vs. stretching) and mental (intensive computer training vs. educational DVDs) activities on cognitive function in older adults who self-report a recent decline in memory or thinking. This trial, called the Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) Trial, was funded jointly through a K01 award and an Alzheimer’s Association grant. Another recent project involves developing and pilot-testing an exercise program called Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercis (PLIÉ), which integrates elements of yoga, Tai Chi, Feldenkrais and occupational/physical therapy to help older adults with dementia maintain functional status.

    Finally, Dr. Barnes has been at the forefront of efforts to develop dementia risk prediction models and to project the potential impact of changes in risk factor profiles. One study found that a combination of demographic, cognitive, behavioral, functional, medical, genetic, cerebral MRI findings and carotid artery ultrasound measures could be used to predict an individual’s six-year risk of dementia with high accuracy. This publication generated substantial interest from clinicians and researchers world-wide as well as the lay press, including interviews with CBS Evening News, ABC News Online, US News & World Report, and Time. A follow-up publication found that an abbreviated index that included only items that could be administered quickly without special equipment was almost as accurate as the original index. This line of research has led to invited editorials about dementia risk prediction and involvement with an NIA workgroup that is developing national guidelines for dementia risk assessment.

    This work was recently expanded in a study that projected the potential impact of risk factor reduction on future dementia prevalence, which found that up to half of Alzheimer's disease cases were potentially attributable to 7 modifiable risk factors--including physical inactivity, low education, smoking, depression, diabetes, mid-life hypertension and mid-life obesity--and that relatively small reductions in these risk factors at a societal level could potentially prevent millions of cases of Alzheimer's disease from ever occurring. These findings also received extensive international media coverage, including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and International Herald Tribune.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIE) in Persons with Dementia
    VA I01RX001507Jan 1, 2015 - Dec 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Physical Activity and Cognitive Decline in the Elderly
    NIH/NIA K01AG024069Sep 30, 2005 - Apr 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN THE ELDERLY
    NIH/NIMH F31MH012665Jun 1, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Sudore RL, Heyland DK, Barnes D, Howard M, Fassbender K, Robinson CA, Boscardin J, You JJ. Measuring Advance Care Planning: Optimizing the Advance Care Planning Engagement Survey. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Dec 29. PMID: 28042072.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ventura MI, Barnes D, Ross JM, Lanni KE, Sigvardt KA, Disbrow EA. A pilot study to evaluate multi-dimensional effects of dance for people with Parkinson's disease. Contemp Clin Trials. 2016 Oct 17; 51:50-55. PMID: 27765693.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kalapatapu RK, Ventura MI, Barnes D. Lifetime alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults. J Addict Dis. 2016 Oct 8; 1-10. PMID: 27719514.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Vossel KA, Ranasinghe KG, Beagle AJ, Mizuiri D, Honma SM, Dowling AF, Darwish SM, Van Berlo V, Barnes D, Mantle M, Karydas AM, Coppola G, Roberson ED, Miller BL, Garcia PA, Kirsch HE, Mucke L, Nagarajan SS. Incidence and Impact of Subclinical Epileptiform Activity in Alzheimer's Disease. Ann Neurol. 2016 Oct 1. PMID: 27696483.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Sudore RL, Barnes D, Le GM, Ramos R, Osua SJ, Richardson SA, Boscardin J, Schillinger D. Improving advance care planning for English-speaking and Spanish-speaking older adults: study protocol for the PREPARE randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2016; 6(7):e011705. PMID: 27401363.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ritchie C, Andersen R, Eng J, Garrigues SK, Intinarelli G, Kao H, Kawahara S, Patel K, Sapiro L, Thibault A, Tunick E, Barnes D. Implementation of an Interdisciplinary, Team-Based Complex Care Support Health Care Model at an Academic Medical Center: Impact on Health Care Utilization and Quality of Life. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2):e0148096. PMID: 26871704.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Sudore R, Le GM, McMahan R, Feuz M, Katen M, Barnes D. Erratum to: 'The advance care planning PREPARE study among older Veterans with serious and chronic illness: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial'. Trials. 2016; 17(1):42. PMID: 26791078.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Sudore R, Le GM, McMahon R, Feuz M, Katen M, Barnes D. The advance care planning PREPARE study among older Veterans with serious and chronic illness: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015; 16(1):570. PMID: 26654250.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ventura MI, Edwards JD, Barnes D. More than just a movement disorder: Why cognitive training is needed in Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2015 Nov 24; 85(21):1828-9. PMID: 26519546.
      View in: PubMed
    10. MacDonald JP, Barnes D, Middleton LE. Implications of Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease in Canada's Indigenous Population. Can Geriatr J. 2015 Sep; 18(3):152-8. PMID: 26495049; PMCID: PMC4597815.
    11. Poelke G, Ventura MI, Byers AL, Yaffe K, Sudore R, Barnes D. Leisure activities and depressive symptoms in older adults with cognitive complaints. Int Psychogeriatr. 2016 Jan; 28(1):63-9. PMID: 26299193.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hixson JD, Barnes D, Parko K, Durgin T, Van Bebber S, Graham A, Wicks P. Patients optimizing epilepsy management via an online community: the POEM Study. Neurology. 2015 Jul 14; 85(2):129-36. PMID: 26085605; PMCID: PMC4515038.
    13. Barnes D, Mehling W, Wu E, Beristianos M, Yaffe K, Skultety K, Chesney MA. Preventing loss of independence through exercise (PLIÉ): a pilot clinical trial in older adults with dementia. PLoS One. 2015; 10(2):e0113367. PMID: 25671576; PMCID: PMC4324943.
    14. Lee SJ, Ritchie CS, Yaffe K, Stijacic Cenzer I, Barnes D. A clinical index to predict progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e113535. PMID: 25486250; PMCID: PMC4259326.
    15. Pa J, Goodson W, Bloch A, King AC, Yaffe K, Barnes D. Effect of exercise and cognitive activity on self-reported sleep quality in community-dwelling older adults with cognitive complaints: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Dec; 62(12):2319-26. PMID: 25516028; PMCID: PMC4356237.
    16. Gardner RC, Burke JF, Nettiksimmons J, Kaup A, Barnes D, Yaffe K. Dementia risk after traumatic brain injury vs nonbrain trauma: the role of age and severity. JAMA Neurol. 2014 Dec; 71(12):1490-7. PMID: 25347255; PMCID: PMC4318558 [Available on 12/01/15].
    17. Norton S, Matthews FE, Barnes D, Yaffe K, Brayne C. Potential for primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease: an analysis of population-based data. Lancet Neurol. 2014 Aug; 13(8):788-94. PMID: 25030513.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Wu E, Barnes D, Ackerman SL, Lee J, Chesney M, Mehling WE. Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIÉ): qualitative analysis of a clinical trial in older adults with dementia. Aging Ment Health. 2015; 19(4):353-62. PMID: 25022459.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Barnes D, Kaup A, Kirby KA, Byers AL, Diaz-Arrastia R, Yaffe K. Traumatic brain injury and risk of dementia in older veterans. Neurology. 2014 Jul 22; 83(4):312-9. PMID: 24966406; PMCID: PMC4115602.
    20. Meziab O, Kirby KA, Williams B, Yaffe K, Byers AL, Barnes D. Prisoner of war status, posttraumatic stress disorder, and dementia in older veterans. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Jun; 10(3 Suppl):S236-41. PMID: 24924674.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Yaffe K, Hoang TD, Byers AL, Barnes D, Friedl KE. Lifestyle and health-related risk factors and risk of cognitive aging among older veterans. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Jun; 10(3 Suppl):S111-21. PMID: 24924664.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Hoang TD, Byers AL, Barnes D, Yaffe K. Alcohol consumption patterns and cognitive impairment in older women. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Dec; 22(12):1663-7. PMID: 24862680; PMCID: PMC4353638 [Available on 12/01/15].
    23. Goveas JS, Espeland MA, Hogan PE, Tindle HA, Shih RA, Kotchen JM, Robinson JG, Barnes D, Resnick SM. Depressive Symptoms and Longitudinal Changes in Cognition: Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2014 Jun; 27(2):94-102. PMID: 24584465.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Barnes D, Cenzer IS, Yaffe K, Ritchie CS, Lee SJ. A point-based tool to predict conversion from mild cognitive impairment to probable Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Nov; 10(6):646-55. PMID: 24495339; PMCID: PMC4119093.
    25. Barnes D, Beiser AS, Lee A, Langa KM, Koyama A, Preis SR, Neuhaus J, McCammon RJ, Yaffe K, Seshadri S, Haan MN, Weir DR. Development and validation of a brief dementia screening indicator for primary care. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Nov; 10(6):656-665.e1. PMID: 24491321; PMCID: PMC4119094.
    26. Mackin RS, Nelson JC, Delucchi K, Raue P, Byers A, Barnes D, Satre DD, Yaffe K, Alexopoulos GS, Arean PA. Cognitive outcomes after psychotherapeutic interventions for major depression in older adults with executive dysfunction. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Dec; 22(12):1496-503. PMID: 24378255; PMCID: PMC4108572 [Available on 12/01/15].
    27. Cohen BE, Neylan TC, Yaffe K, Samuelson KW, Li Y, Barnes D. Posttraumatic stress disorder and cognitive function: findings from the mind your heart study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013 Nov; 74(11):1063-70. PMID: 24330891.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Exalto LG, Quesenberry CP, Barnes D, Kivipelto M, Biessels GJ, Whitmer RA. Midlife risk score for the prediction of dementia four decades later. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Sep; 10(5):562-70. PMID: 24035147.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Sudore RL, Stewart AL, Knight SJ, McMahan RD, Feuz M, Miao Y, Barnes D. Development and validation of a questionnaire to detect behavior change in multiple advance care planning behaviors. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e72465. PMID: 24039772; PMCID: PMC3764010.
    30. Sudore RL, Knight SJ, McMahan RD, Feuz M, Farrell D, Miao Y, Barnes D. A novel website to prepare diverse older adults for decision making and advance care planning: a pilot study. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2014 Apr; 47(4):674-86. PMID: 23972574; PMCID: PMC4111443.
    31. Wang S, Luo X, Barnes D, Sano M, Yaffe K. Physical activity and risk of cognitive impairment among oldest-old women. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Nov; 22(11):1149-57. PMID: 23831179; PMCID: PMC3864545.
    32. Barnes D, Santos-Modesitt W, Poelke G, Kramer AF, Castro C, Middleton LE, Yaffe K. The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial: a randomized controlled trial to enhance cognitive function in older adults. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 13; 173(9):797-804. PMID: 23545598.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Barnes D, Boscardin WJ, Landefeld CS. Recovery, dependence or death after discharge. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Mar; 28(3):343. PMID: 23435831; PMCID: PMC3579963.
    34. Barnes D, Mehta KM, Boscardin WJ, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Kirby KA, Landefeld CS. Prediction of recovery, dependence or death in elders who become disabled during hospitalization. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Feb; 28(2):261-8. PMID: 23054919; PMCID: PMC3614138.
    35. Byers AL, Covinsky KE, Barnes D, Yaffe K. Dysthymia and depression increase risk of dementia and mortality among older veterans. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Aug; 20(8):664-72. PMID: 21597358; PMCID: PMC3229643.
    36. Barnes D, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Fortinsky RH, Kowal J, Chren MM, Landefeld CS. Acute care for elders units produced shorter hospital stays at lower cost while maintaining patients' functional status. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Jun; 31(6):1227-36. PMID: 22665834; PMCID: PMC3870859.
    37. Barnes D, Yaffe K, Byers AL, McCormick M, Schaefer C, Whitmer RA. Midlife vs late-life depressive symptoms and risk of dementia: differential effects for Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 May; 69(5):493-8. PMID: 22566581; PMCID: PMC3704214.
    38. Barnes D, Lee SJ. Predicting Alzheimer's risk: why and how? Alzheimers Res Ther. 2011; 3(6):33. PMID: 22126363; PMCID: PMC3308022.
    39. Barnes D, Yaffe K. The projected effect of risk factor reduction on Alzheimer's disease prevalence. Lancet Neurol. 2011 Sep; 10(9):819-28. PMID: 21775213; PMCID: PMC3647614.
    40. Middleton LE, Manini TM, Simonsick EM, Harris TB, Barnes D, Tylavsky F, Brach JS, Everhart JE, Yaffe K. Activity energy expenditure and incident cognitive impairment in older adults. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jul 25; 171(14):1251-7. PMID: 21771893; PMCID: PMC3923462.
    41. Barnes D, Yaffe K. Accuracy of summary risk score for prediction of Alzheimer disease: better than demographics alone? Arch Neurol. 2011 Feb; 68(2):268; author reply 268-70. PMID: 21321000.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Barnes D. The mediterranean diet: good for the heart = good for the brain? Ann Neurol. 2011 Feb; 69(2):226-8. PMID: 21387364.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Lewis CJ, Gerrand C, Barnes D, Murray S, Milner RH, Ragbir M. Experience of angiosarcoma in the North of England Bone and Soft Tissue Tumour Service. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Jul; 64(7):884-91. PMID: 21145796.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Middleton LE, Barnes D, Lui LY, Yaffe K. Physical activity over the life course and its association with cognitive performance and impairment in old age. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jul; 58(7):1322-6. PMID: 20609030; PMCID: PMC3662219.
    45. Yaffe K, Vittinghoff E, Lindquist K, Barnes D, Covinsky KE, Neylan T, Kluse M, Marmar C. Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of dementia among US veterans. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 67(6):608-13. PMID: 20530010; PMCID: PMC2933793.
    46. Yaffe K, Lindquist K, Vittinghoff E, Barnes D, Simonsick EM, Newman A, Satterfield S, Rosano C, Rubin SM, Ayonayon HN, Harris T. The effect of maintaining cognition on risk of disability and death. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 May; 58(5):889-94. PMID: 20406308; PMCID: PMC2924918.
    47. Barnes D, Covinsky KE, Whitmer RA, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Yaffe K. Commentary on "Developing a national strategy to prevent dementia: Leon Thal Symposium 2009." Dementia risk indices: A framework for identifying individuals with a high dementia risk. Alzheimers Dement. 2010 Mar; 6(2):138-41. PMID: 20298975; PMCID: PMC2909695.
    48. Khachaturian ZS, Barnes D, Einstein R, Johnson S, Lee V, Roses A, Sager MA, Shankle WR, Snyder PJ, Petersen RC, Schellenberg G, Trojanowski J, Aisen P, Albert MS, Breitner JC, Buckholtz N, Carrillo M, Ferris S, Greenberg BD, Grundman M, Khachaturian AS, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Maruff P, Mohs RC, Morrison-Bogorad M, Phelps C, Reiman E, Sabbagh M, Sano M, Schneider LS, Siemers E, Tariot P, Touchon J, Vellas B, Bain LJ. Developing a national strategy to prevent dementia: Leon Thal Symposium 2009. Alzheimers Dement. 2010 Mar; 6(2):89-97. PMID: 20298968; PMCID: PMC4298995.
    49. Barnes D, Haight TJ, Mehta KM, Carlson MC, Kuller LH, Tager IB. Secondhand smoke, vascular disease, and dementia incidence: findings from the cardiovascular health cognition study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Feb 1; 171(3):292-302. PMID: 20051462; PMCID: PMC2878108.
    50. Barnes D, Yaffe K. Predicting dementia: role of dementia risk indices. Future Neurol. 2009 Sep 1; 4(5):555-560. PMID: 20161571.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Becker JT, Chang YF, Lopez OL, Dew MA, Sweet RA, Barnes D, Yaffe K, Young J, Kuller L, Reynolds CF. Depressed mood is not a risk factor for incident dementia in a community-based cohort. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2009 Aug; 17(8):653-63. PMID: 19634208; PMCID: PMC2714703.
    52. Edwards ER, Spira AP, Barnes D, Yaffe K. Neuropsychiatric symptoms in mild cognitive impairment: differences by subtype and progression to dementia. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2009 Jul; 24(7):716-22. PMID: 19140134; PMCID: PMC2735341.
    53. Barnes D, Yaffe K, Belfor N, Jagust WJ, DeCarli C, Reed BR, Kramer JH. Computer-based cognitive training for mild cognitive impairment: results from a pilot randomized, controlled trial. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2009 Jul-Sep; 23(3):205-10. PMID: 19812460; PMCID: PMC2760033.
    54. Barnes D, Covinsky KE, Whitmer RA, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Yaffe K. Predicting risk of dementia in older adults: The late-life dementia risk index. Neurology. 2009 Jul 21; 73(3):173-9. PMID: 19439724; PMCID: PMC2715571.
    55. Cauley JA, Lui LY, Barnes D, Ensrud KE, Zmuda JM, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Schwartz AV, Yaffe K, Cummings SR, Newman AB. Successful skeletal aging: a marker of low fracture risk and longevity. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). J Bone Miner Res. 2009 Jan; 24(1):134-43. PMID: 18715137; PMCID: PMC2605163.
    56. Barnes D, Blackwell T, Stone KL, Goldman SE, Hillier T, Yaffe K. Cognition in older women: the importance of daytime movement. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Sep; 56(9):1658-64. PMID: 18662201; PMCID: PMC2680379.
    57. Mehta KM, Yaffe K, Pérez-Stable EJ, Stewart A, Barnes D, Kurland BF, Miller BL. Race/ethnic differences in AD survival in US Alzheimer's Disease Centers. Neurology. 2008 Apr 1; 70(14):1163-70. PMID: 18003939; PMCID: PMC2830859.
    58. Sudore RL, Landefeld CS, Barnes D, Lindquist K, Williams BA, Brody R, Schillinger D. An advance directive redesigned to meet the literacy level of most adults: a randomized trial. Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Dec; 69(1-3):165-95. PMID: 17942272; PMCID: PMC2257986.
    59. Yaffe K, Blackwell T, Barnes D, Ancoli-Israel S, Stone KL. Preclinical cognitive decline and subsequent sleep disturbance in older women. Neurology. 2007 Jul 17; 69(3):237-42. PMID: 17636060.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Barnes D, Cauley JA, Lui LY, Fink HA, McCulloch C, Stone KL, Yaffe K. Women who maintain optimal cognitive function into old age. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Feb; 55(2):259-64. PMID: 17302664.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Barnes D, Whitmer RA, Yaffe K. Physical activity and dementia: The need for prevention trials. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2007 Jan; 35(1):24-9. PMID: 17211190.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Yaffe K, Barnes D, Lindquist K, Cauley J, Simonsick EM, Penninx B, Satterfield S, Harris T, Cummings SR. Endogenous sex hormone levels and risk of cognitive decline in an older biracial cohort. Neurobiol Aging. 2007 Feb; 28(2):171-8. PMID: 17097195.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Sudore RL, Landefeld CS, Williams BA, Barnes D, Lindquist K, Schillinger D. Use of a modified informed consent process among vulnerable patients: a descriptive study. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Aug; 21(8):867-73. PMID: 16881949; PMCID: PMC1831581.
    64. Sink KM, Covinsky KE, Barnes D, Newcomer RJ, Yaffe K. Caregiver characteristics are associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 May; 54(5):796-803. PMID: 16696746.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Barnes D, Alexopoulos GS, Lopez OL, Williamson JD, Yaffe K. Depressive symptoms, vascular disease, and mild cognitive impairment: findings from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Mar; 63(3):273-9. PMID: 16520432.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Barnes D, Yaffe K. Vitamin E and donepezil for the treatment of mild cognitive impairment. N Engl J Med. 2005 Sep 1; 353(9):951-2; author reply 951-2. PMID: 16135844.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Barnes D, Tager IB, Satariano WA, Yaffe K. The relationship between literacy and cognition in well-educated elders. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2004 Apr; 59(4):390-5. PMID: 15071084.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Barnes D, Yaffe K, Satariano WA, Tager IB. A longitudinal study of cardiorespiratory fitness and cognitive function in healthy older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Apr; 51(4):459-65. PMID: 12657064.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Yaffe K, Barnes D, Nevitt M, Lui LY, Covinsky K. A prospective study of physical activity and cognitive decline in elderly women: women who walk. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Jul 23; 161(14):1703-8. PMID: 11485502.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Barnes D, Bero LA. Why review articles on the health effects of passive smoking reach different conclusions. JAMA. 1998 May 20; 279(19):1566-70. PMID: 9605902.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Barnes D, Bero LA. Scientific quality of original research articles on environmental tobacco smoke. Tob Control. 1997; 6(1):19-26. PMID: 9176982; PMCID: PMC1759539.
    72. Barnes D, Bero LA. Industry-funded research and conflict of interest: an analysis of research sponsored by the tobacco industry through the Center for Indoor Air Research. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1996; 21(3):515-42. PMID: 8784687.
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    73. Hanauer P, Slade J, Barnes D, Bero L, Glantz SA. Lawyer control of internal scientific research to protect against products liability lawsuits. The Brown and Williamson documents. JAMA. 1995 Jul 19; 274(3):234-40. PMID: 7609232.
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    74. Slade J, Bero LA, Hanauer P, Barnes D, Glantz SA. Nicotine and addiction. The Brown and Williamson documents. JAMA. 1995 Jul 19; 274(3):225-33. PMID: 7609231.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Barnes D, Hanauer P, Slade J, Bero LA, Glantz SA. Environmental tobacco smoke. The Brown and Williamson documents. JAMA. 1995 Jul 19; 274(3):248-53. PMID: 7609234.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Bero L, Barnes D, Hanauer P, Slade J, Glantz SA. Lawyer control of the tobacco industry's external research program. The Brown and Williamson documents. JAMA. 1995 Jul 19; 274(3):241-7. PMID: 7609233.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Glantz SA, Barnes D, Bero L, Hanauer P, Slade J. Looking through a keyhole at the tobacco industry. The Brown and Williamson documents. JAMA. 1995 Jul 19; 274(3):219-24. PMID: 7609230.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Bellows EP, Barnes D, Csernansky JG. Estimation of haloperidol concentrations in rat striatum after chronic treatment. Brain Res Bull. 1991 May; 26(5):715-9. PMID: 1933392.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Barnes D, Robinson B, Csernansky JG, Bellows EP. Sensitization versus tolerance to haloperidol-induced catalepsy: multiple determinants. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1990 Aug; 36(4):883-7. PMID: 2217518.
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    80. Csernansky JG, Bellows EP, Barnes D, Lombrozo L. Sensitization versus tolerance to the dopamine turnover-elevating effects of haloperidol: the effect of regular/intermittent dosing. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1990; 101(4):519-24. PMID: 2388975.
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    81. Csernansky JG, Barnes D, Bellows EP, Lombrozo L. Interrelationships between plasma homovanillic acid and indices of dopamine turnover in multiple brain areas during haloperidol and saline administration. Life Sci. 1990; 46(10):707-13. PMID: 2314192.
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