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Michael Merzenich, PhD

TitleProfessor Emeritus
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentOtolaryngology
Address513 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-476-0490
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Our laboratory is principally interested in 1) defining the neural bases of learning, recognition and memory; 2) defining mechanisms underlying the origins of functional brain illnesses and disabilities; and 3) developing training strategies for remediating learning-disabled and movement-disabled adults and children.

    Cortical plasticity studies are conducted within somatosensory, auditory, and motor forebrain systems in rodent, primate and human models. Electrophysiological studies employ the derivation of highly detailed microelectrode neuron response maps in sensory cortical areas and subcortical nuclei, and detailed microstimulation maps in motor cortex. Acute and chronic quantitative single and multiple-unit recording experiments are conducted. Many studies are undertaken in behaviorally trained animals. Human learning experiments are conducted using psychophysical procedures and magnetoencephalographic (MSI) and functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) imaging). Pragmatic human studies involve computer engineering and AV development, as well as electrophysiological and psychophysical experiments conducted in patient models.

    Cortical representations have been shown to be substantially functionally remodeled following new behavioral experiences or training in animal models in which limited sectors of the sensory epithelium and/or specific movements are differentially engaged in new behavioral tasks. Studies of this "representational plasticity" in the adult nervous system have revealed many facets of the self-organizing processes of the brain that account for the progressive differentiation of behavior in child development, and that account for adult learning. In current experiments: 1) We are relating specific experience-driven changes in neuronal responses in the cortex to behaviorally measured gains in skills acquired with practice in the same animal(s). 2) We are constructing computational models of the dynamic, self-organizing cortical machinery. 3) We are studying developmental plasticity in the auditory system relevant to understanding the development of fundamental human capacities. 4) We are modelling the contributions of learning to the genesis of learning disabilities, and to the emergence of occupationally-induced movement disabilities and pain syndromes. 5) We are studying some practical implications of cortical representational plasticity mechanisms for designing remedial therapies for brain injury patients, and for learning-disabled and movement-disabled human populations.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Variation as a Neural Code
    NIH/NIMH P50MH077970Sep 8, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Brain Plasticity Rehabilitation of Visual Cognition
    NIH/NEI R43EY016273Sep 30, 2005 - Aug 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Brain-Plasticity Based Training for Schizophrenia
    NIH/NIMH R42MH073358Sep 26, 2005 - Jan 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Brain Plasticity Based Training for Focal Dystonia
    NIH/NICHD R43HD049251Sep 15, 2005 - Apr 30, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical Plasticity Systems
    NIH P01NS034835May 1, 1997 - Apr 30, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    DESIGN OF PEDIATRIC COCHLEAR IMPLANTS
    NIH/NIDCD N01DC002401Sep 30, 1990 - Sep 29, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PEDIATRIC AUDITORY PROSTHESIS IMPLANTS
    NIH/NIDCD N01DC072391Jun 30, 1987 - Jun 29, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PEDIATRIC AUDITORY PROSTHESIS IMPLANTS
    NIH/NINDS N01NS072391Jun 30, 1987 - Jun 29, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SENSORY DISORDERS AND LANGUAGE STUDY SECTION
    NIH/CSR U09RG010905Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1991
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    SCALA TYMPANI ELECTRODE ARRAYS
    NIH/NINDS N01NS032353Sep 1, 1983 - Dec 31, 1986
    Role: Principal Investigator
    AUDITORY AND SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX
    NIH/NINDS R01NS010414Jul 1, 1978 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Cheng Y, Jia G, Zhang Y, Hao H, Shan Y, Yu L, Sun X, Zheng Q, Kraus N, Merzenich M, Zhou X. Positive impacts of early auditory training on cortical processing at an older age. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Jun 13; 114(24):6364-6369. PMID: 28559351.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Nahum M, Van Vleet TM, Sohal VS, Mirzabekov JJ, Rao VR, Wallace DL, Lee MB, Dawes H, Stark-Inbar A, Jordan JT, Biagianti B, Merzenich M, Chang EF. Immediate Mood Scaler: Tracking Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Using a Novel Mobile Mood Scale. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2017 Apr 12; 5(4):e44. PMID: 28404542.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Van Vleet TM, DeGutis JM, Merzenich M, Simpson GV, Zomet A, Dabit S. Targeting alertness to improve cognition in older adults: A preliminary report of benefits in executive function and skill acquisition. Cortex. 2016 Sep; 82:100-118. PMID: 27372902; PMCID: PMC4969201 [Available on 09/01/17].
    4. Mishra J, Sagar R, Joseph AA, Gazzaley A, Merzenich M. Training sensory signal-to-noise resolution in children with ADHD in a global mental health setting. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 12; 6:e781. PMID: 27070409; PMCID: PMC4872403.
    5. Rose A, Vinogradov S, Fisher M, Green MF, Ventura J, Hooker C, Merzenich M, Nahum M. Randomized controlled trial of computer-based treatment of social cognition in schizophrenia: the TRuSST trial protocol. BMC Psychiatry. 2015 Jul 03; 15:142. PMID: 26138715; PMCID: PMC4489025.
    6. Zhou X, Lu JY, Darling RD, Simpson KL, Zhu X, Wang F, Yu L, Sun X, Merzenich M, Lin RC. Behavioral training reverses global cortical network dysfunction induced by perinatal antidepressant exposure. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):2233-8. PMID: 25646455; PMCID: PMC4343129.
    7. Merzenich M. Early UCSF contributions to the development of multiple-channel cochlear implants. Hear Res. 2015 Apr; 322:39-46. PMID: 25560478.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Mishra J, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Gazzaley A. Adaptive training diminishes distractibility in aging across species. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):1091-103. PMID: 25467987; PMCID: PMC4264379.
    9. Zhu X, Liu X, Wei F, Wang F, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE, Sun X, Zhou X. Perceptual Training Restores Impaired Cortical Temporal Processing Due to Lead Exposure. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jan; 26(1):334-345. PMID: 25405943.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Merzenich M, Van Vleet TM, Nahum M. Brain plasticity-based therapeutics. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:385. PMID: 25018719; PMCID: PMC4072971.
    11. Zhu X, Wang F, Hu H, Sun X, Kilgard MP, Merzenich M, Zhou X. Environmental acoustic enrichment promotes recovery from developmentally degraded auditory cortical processing. J Neurosci. 2014 Apr 16; 34(16):5406-15. PMID: 24741032; PMCID: PMC4104291.
    12. Mishra J, Merzenich M, Sagar R. Accessible online neuroplasticity-targeted training for children with ADHD. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2013 Nov 14; 7(1):38. PMID: 24225015; PMCID: PMC3828475.
    13. Bao S, Chang EF, Teng CL, Heiser MA, Merzenich M. Emergent categorical representation of natural, complex sounds resulting from the early post-natal sound environment. Neuroscience. 2013 Sep 17; 248:30-42. PMID: 23747304; PMCID: PMC3838508.
    14. Anomal R, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Panizzutti R. Manipulation of BDNF signaling modifies the experience-dependent plasticity induced by pure tone exposure during the critical period in the primary auditory cortex. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e64208. PMID: 23700463; PMCID: PMC3660256.
    15. Merzenich M, Nahum M, Van Vleet TM. Neuroplasticity: introduction. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:xxi-xxvi. PMID: 24309266.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Nahum M, Lee H, Merzenich M. Principles of neuroplasticity-based rehabilitation. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:141-71. PMID: 24309254.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Moore CI, Crosier E, Greve DN, Savoy R, Merzenich M, Dale AM. Neocortical correlates of vibrotactile detection in humans. J Cogn Neurosci. 2013 Jan; 25(1):49-61. PMID: 23198890.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Froemke RC, Carcea I, Barker AJ, Yuan K, Seybold BA, Martins AR, Zaika N, Bernstein H, Wachs M, Levis PA, Polley DB, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Long-term modification of cortical synapses improves sensory perception. Nat Neurosci. 2013 Jan; 16(1):79-88. PMID: 23178974; PMCID: PMC3711827.
    19. Miyakawa N, Katsumata N, Blake DT, Merzenich M, Tanifuji M. High-density multielectrode array with independently maneuverable electrodes and silicone oil fluid isolation system for chronic recording from macaque monkey. J Neurosci Methods. 2012 Oct 15; 211(1):114-24. PMID: 22939944.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Zhou X, Merzenich M. Environmental noise exposure degrades normal listening processes. Nat Commun. 2012 May 15; 3:843. PMID: 22588305.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Bruno R, Merzenich M, Nudo R. The fantastic plastic brain. Adv Mind Body Med. 2012; 26(2):30-5. PMID: 23469367.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Bavelier D, Green CS, Han DH, Renshaw PF, Merzenich M, Gentile DA. Brains on video games. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2011 11 18; 12(12):763-8. PMID: 22095065; PMCID: PMC4633025.
    23. Simpson KL, Weaver KJ, de Villers-Sidani E, Lu JY, Cai Z, Pang Y, Rodriguez-Porcel F, Paul IA, Merzenich M, Lin RC. Perinatal antidepressant exposure alters cortical network function in rodents. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Nov 08; 108(45):18465-70. PMID: 22025710; PMCID: PMC3215047.
    24. Zhou X, Panizzutti R, de Villers-Sidani E, Madeira C, Merzenich M. Natural restoration of critical period plasticity in the juvenile and adult primary auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2011 Apr 13; 31(15):5625-34. PMID: 21490203; PMCID: PMC3758576.
    25. de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M. Lifelong plasticity in the rat auditory cortex: basic mechanisms and role of sensory experience. Prog Brain Res. 2011; 191:119-31. PMID: 21741548.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Strata F, Stoianov IP, de Villers-Sidani E, Bonham B, Martone T, Kenet T, Chang EF, Vincenti V, Merzenich M. Perinatal asphyxia affects rat auditory processing: implications for auditory perceptual impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders. PLoS One. 2010 Dec 23; 5(12):e15326. PMID: 21203459; PMCID: PMC3009724.
    27. Popov T, Jordanov T, Rockstroh B, Elbert T, Merzenich M, Miller GA. Specific cognitive training normalizes auditory sensory gating in schizophrenia: a randomized trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 01; 69(5):465-71. PMID: 21092939.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Zhou X, de Villers-Sidani E, Panizzutti R, Merzenich M. Successive-signal biasing for a learned sound sequence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 17; 107(33):14839-44. PMID: 20679210; PMCID: PMC2930458.
    29. de Villers-Sidani E, Alzghoul L, Zhou X, Simpson KL, Lin RC, Merzenich M. Recovery of functional and structural age-related changes in the rat primary auditory cortex with operant training. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 03; 107(31):13900-5. PMID: 20643928; PMCID: PMC2922281.
    30. Coq JO, Barr AE, Strata F, Russier M, Kietrys DM, Merzenich M, Byl NN, Barbe MF. Peripheral and central changes combine to induce motor behavioral deficits in a moderate repetition task. Exp Neurol. 2009 Dec; 220(2):234-45. PMID: 19686738; PMCID: PMC2783426.
    31. Guic E, Carrasco X, Rodríguez E, Robles I, Merzenich M. Plasticity in primary somatosensory cortex resulting from environmentally enriched stimulation and sensory discrimination training. Biol Res. 2008; 41(4):425-37. PMID: 19621123.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Guic E, Carrasco X, Rodríguez E, Robles I, Merzenich M. Non-homogeneous spatial configuration of vibrissae cortical representation in layer IV of the barrel somatosensory cortex. Biol Res. 2008; 41(4):461-71. PMID: 19621126.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Belmonte MK, Bonneh YS, Adini Y, Iversen PE, Akshoomoff NA, Kenet T, Moore CI, Simon HJ, Houde JF, Merzenich M. Autism overflows with syntheses. Neuropsychol Rev. 2009 Jun; 19(2):273-4. PMID: 19449104.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Fisher M, Holland C, Merzenich M, Vinogradov S. Using neuroplasticity-based auditory training to improve verbal memory in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2009 Jul; 166(7):805-11. PMID: 19448187; PMCID: PMC2720319.
    35. Zhou X, Merzenich M. Developmentally degraded cortical temporal processing restored by training. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Jan; 12(1):26-8. PMID: 19079250; PMCID: PMC2709597.
    36. Bonneh YS, Belmonte MK, Pei F, Iversen PE, Kenet T, Akshoomoff N, Adini Y, Simon HJ, Moore CI, Houde JF, Merzenich M. Cross-modal extinction in a boy with severely autistic behaviour and high verbal intelligence. Cogn Neuropsychol. 2008 Jul; 25(5):635-52. PMID: 18651259.
      View in: PubMed
    37. de Villers-Sidani E, Simpson KL, Lu YF, Lin RC, Merzenich M. Manipulating critical period closure across different sectors of the primary auditory cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2008 Aug; 11(8):957-65. PMID: 18604205; PMCID: PMC2755097.
    38. Zhou X, Merzenich M. Enduring effects of early structured noise exposure on temporal modulation in the primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 18; 105(11):4423-8. PMID: 18332439; PMCID: PMC2393777.
    39. Zhou X, Nagarajan N, Mossop BJ, Merzenich M. Influences of un-modulated acoustic inputs on functional maturation and critical-period plasticity of the primary auditory cortex. Neuroscience. 2008 Jun 12; 154(1):390-6. PMID: 18304741; PMCID: PMC2532673.
    40. Froemke RC, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature. 2007 Nov 15; 450(7168):425-9. PMID: 18004384.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Coq JO, Strata F, Russier M, Safadi FF, Merzenich M, Byl NN, Barbe MF. Impact of neonatal asphyxia and hind limb immobilization on musculoskeletal tissues and S1 map organization: implications for cerebral palsy. Exp Neurol. 2008 Mar; 210(1):95-108. PMID: 18061167.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Zhou X, Merzenich M. Intensive training in adults refines A1 representations degraded in an early postnatal critical period. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 02; 104(40):15935-40. PMID: 17895375; PMCID: PMC1994137.
    43. Atencio CA, Blake DT, Strata F, Cheung SW, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Frequency-modulation encoding in the primary auditory cortex of the awake owl monkey. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Oct; 98(4):2182-95. PMID: 17699695.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kenet T, Froemke RC, Schreiner CE, Pessah IN, Merzenich M. Perinatal exposure to a noncoplanar polychlorinated biphenyl alters tonotopy, receptive fields, and plasticity in rat primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 May 01; 104(18):7646-51. PMID: 17460041; PMCID: PMC1855918.
    45. Polley DB, Read HL, Storace DA, Merzenich M. Multiparametric auditory receptive field organization across five cortical fields in the albino rat. J Neurophysiol. 2007 May; 97(5):3621-38. PMID: 17376842.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Tan AY, Atencio CA, Polley DB, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Unbalanced synaptic inhibition can create intensity-tuned auditory cortex neurons. Neuroscience. 2007 Apr 25; 146(1):449-62. PMID: 17320296.
      View in: PubMed
    47. de Villers-Sidani E, Chang EF, Bao S, Merzenich M. Critical period window for spectral tuning defined in the primary auditory cortex (A1) in the rat. J Neurosci. 2007 Jan 03; 27(1):180-9. PMID: 17202485.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Blake DT, Heiser MA, Caywood M, Merzenich M. Experience-dependent adult cortical plasticity requires cognitive association between sensation and reward. Neuron. 2006 Oct 19; 52(2):371-81. PMID: 17046698; PMCID: PMC2826987.
    49. Mahncke HW, Connor BB, Appelman J, Ahsanuddin ON, Hardy JL, Wood RA, Joyce NM, Boniske T, Atkins SM, Merzenich M. Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity-based training program: a randomized, controlled study. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Aug 15; 103(33):12523-8. PMID: 16888038; PMCID: PMC1526649.
    50. Polley DB, Steinberg EE, Merzenich M. Perceptual learning directs auditory cortical map reorganization through top-down influences. J Neurosci. 2006 May 03; 26(18):4970-82. PMID: 16672673.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Polley DB, Cobos I, Merzenich M, Rubenstein JL. Severe hearing loss in Dlxl mutant mice. Hear Res. 2006 Apr; 214(1-2):84-8. PMID: 16632068.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Mahncke HW, Bronstone A, Merzenich M. Brain plasticity and functional losses in the aged: scientific bases for a novel intervention. Prog Brain Res. 2006; 157:81-109. PMID: 17046669.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Strata F, deIpolyi AR, Bonham BH, Chang EF, Liu RC, Nakahara H, Merzenich M. Perinatal anoxia degrades auditory system function in rats. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 27; 102(52):19156-61. PMID: 16365292; PMCID: PMC1323198.
    54. Chang EF, Bao S, Imaizumi K, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Development of spectral and temporal response selectivity in the auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 08; 102(45):16460-5. PMID: 16263924; PMCID: PMC1283465.
    55. Kalatsky VA, Polley DB, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE, Stryker MP. Fine functional organization of auditory cortex revealed by Fourier optical imaging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 13; 102(37):13325-30. PMID: 16141342; PMCID: PMC1201601.
    56. Blake DT, Strata F, Kempter R, Merzenich M. Experience-dependent plasticity in S1 caused by noncoincident inputs. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Sep; 94(3):2239-50. PMID: 16105958; PMCID: PMC2826984.
    57. Orduña I, Mercado E, Gluck MA, Merzenich M. Cortical responses in rats predict perceptual sensitivities to complex sounds. Behav Neurosci. 2005 Feb; 119(1):256-64. PMID: 15727530.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Polley DB, Heiser MA, Blake DT, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Associative learning shapes the neural code for stimulus magnitude in primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 16; 101(46):16351-6. PMID: 15534214; PMCID: PMC528983.
    59. Bao S, Chang EF, Woods J, Merzenich M. Temporal plasticity in the primary auditory cortex induced by operant perceptual learning. Nat Neurosci. 2004 Sep; 7(9):974-81. PMID: 15286790.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Nakahara H, Zhang LI, Merzenich M. Specialization of primary auditory cortex processing by sound exposure in the "critical period". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 May 04; 101(18):7170-4. PMID: 15118079; PMCID: PMC406484.
    61. Tan AY, Zhang LI, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Tone-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances of primary auditory cortex neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 92(1):630-43. PMID: 14999047.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Strata F, Coq JO, Byl N, Merzenich M. Effects of sensorimotor restriction and anoxia on gait and motor cortex organization: implications for a rodent model of cerebral palsy. Neuroscience. 2004; 129(1):141-56. PMID: 15489037.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Liu RC, Miller KD, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Acoustic variability and distinguishability among mouse ultrasound vocalizations. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Dec; 114(6 Pt 1):3412-22. PMID: 14714820.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Bao S, Chang EF, Davis JD, Gobeske KT, Merzenich M. Progressive degradation and subsequent refinement of acoustic representations in the adult auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2003 Nov 26; 23(34):10765-75. PMID: 14645468.
      View in: PubMed
    65. McKenzie AL, Nagarajan SS, Roberts TP, Merzenich M, Byl NN. Somatosensory representation of the digits and clinical performance in patients with focal hand dystonia. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Oct; 82(10):737-49. PMID: 14508403.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Rubenstein JL, Merzenich M. Model of autism: increased ratio of excitation/inhibition in key neural systems. Genes Brain Behav. 2003 Oct; 2(5):255-67. PMID: 14606691.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Beitel RE, Schreiner CE, Cheung SW, Wang X, Merzenich M. Reward-dependent plasticity in the primary auditory cortex of adult monkeys trained to discriminate temporally modulated signals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 16; 100(19):11070-5. PMID: 12941865; PMCID: PMC196928.
    68. Zhang LI, Tan AY, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Topography and synaptic shaping of direction selectivity in primary auditory cortex. Nature. 2003 Jul 10; 424(6945):201-5. PMID: 12853959.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Linden JF, Liu RC, Sahani M, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Spectrotemporal structure of receptive fields in areas AI and AAF of mouse auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Oct; 90(4):2660-75. PMID: 12815016.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Garabedian CE, Jones SR, Merzenich M, Dale A, Moore CI. Band-pass response properties of rat SI neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Sep; 90(3):1379-91. PMID: 12750410.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Chang EF, Merzenich M. Environmental noise retards auditory cortical development. Science. 2003 Apr 18; 300(5618):498-502. PMID: 12702879.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Temple E, Deutsch GK, Poldrack RA, Miller SL, Tallal P, Merzenich M, Gabrieli JD. Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: evidence from functional MRI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Mar 04; 100(5):2860-5. PMID: 12604786; PMCID: PMC151431.
    73. Bao S, Chan VT, Zhang LI, Merzenich M. Suppression of cortical representation through backward conditioning. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Feb 04; 100(3):1405-8. PMID: 12538854; PMCID: PMC298785.
    74. Blake DT, Merzenich M. Changes of AI receptive fields with sound density. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Dec; 88(6):3409-20. PMID: 12466457.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Houde JF, Nagarajan SS, Sekihara K, Merzenich M. Modulation of the auditory cortex during speech: an MEG study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2002 Nov 15; 14(8):1125-38. PMID: 12495520.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Blake DT, Byl NN, Merzenich M. Representation of the hand in the cerebral cortex. Behav Brain Res. 2002 Sep 20; 135(1-2):179-84. PMID: 12356448.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Hickmott PW, Merzenich M. Local circuit properties underlying cortical reorganization. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Sep; 88(3):1288-301. PMID: 12205150.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Blake DT, Strata F, Churchland AK, Merzenich M. Neural correlates of instrumental learning in primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):10114-9. PMID: 12119383; PMCID: PMC126633.
    79. Nagarajan SS, Cheung SW, Bedenbaugh P, Beitel RE, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Representation of spectral and temporal envelope of twitter vocalizations in common marmoset primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Apr; 87(4):1723-37. PMID: 11929894.
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    80. Kilgard MP, Merzenich M. Order-sensitive plasticity in adult primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Mar 05; 99(5):3205-9. PMID: 11880653; PMCID: PMC122497.
    81. Zhang LI, Bao S, Merzenich M. Disruption of primary auditory cortex by synchronous auditory inputs during a critical period. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Feb 19; 99(4):2309-14. PMID: 11842227; PMCID: PMC122361.
    82. Byl NN, Nagarajan SS, Merzenich M, Roberts T, McKenzie A. Correlation of clinical neuromusculoskeletal and central somatosensory performance: variability in controls and patients with severe and mild focal hand dystonia. Neural Plast. 2002; 9(3):177-203. PMID: 12757370; PMCID: PMC2565401.
    83. Blake DT, Byl NN, Cheung S, Bedenbaugh P, Nagarajan S, Lamb M, Merzenich M. Sensory representation abnormalities that parallel focal hand dystonia in a primate model. Somatosens Mot Res. 2002; 19(4):347-57. PMID: 12590836; PMCID: PMC2826977.
    84. Ahissar E, Nagarajan S, Ahissar M, Protopapas A, Mahncke H, Merzenich M. Speech comprehension is correlated with temporal response patterns recorded from auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Nov 06; 98(23):13367-72. PMID: 11698688; PMCID: PMC60877.
    85. Zhang LI, Bao S, Merzenich M. Persistent and specific influences of early acoustic environments on primary auditory cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Nov; 4(11):1123-30. PMID: 11687817.
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    86. Orduña I, Mercado E, Gluck MA, Merzenich M. Spectrotemporal sensitivities in rat auditory cortical neurons. Hear Res. 2001 Oct; 160(1-2):47-57. PMID: 11591490.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Mercado E, Bao S, Orduña I, Gluck MA, Merzenich M. Basal forebrain stimulation changes cortical sensitivities to complex sound. Neuroreport. 2001 Jul 20; 12(10):2283-7. PMID: 11447350.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Bao S, Chan VT, Merzenich M. Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons. Nature. 2001 Jul 05; 412(6842):79-83. PMID: 11452310.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Kilgard MP, Pandya PK, Vazquez J, Gehi A, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Sensory input directs spatial and temporal plasticity in primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2001 Jul; 86(1):326-38. PMID: 11431514.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Poldrack RA, Temple E, Protopapas A, Nagarajan S, Tallal P, Merzenich M, Gabrieli JD. Relations between the neural bases of dynamic auditory processing and phonological processing: evidence from fMRI. J Cogn Neurosci. 2001 Jul 01; 13(5):687-97. PMID: 11506664.
      View in: PubMed
    91. Temple E, Poldrack RA, Salidis J, Deutsch GK, Tallal P, Merzenich M, Gabrieli JD. Disrupted neural responses to phonological and orthographic processing in dyslexic children: an fMRI study. Neuroreport. 2001 Feb 12; 12(2):299-307. PMID: 11209939.
      View in: PubMed
    92. Temple E, Poldrack RA, Protopapas A, Nagarajan S, Salz T, Tallal P, Merzenich M, Gabrieli JD. Disruption of the neural response to rapid acoustic stimuli in dyslexia: evidence from functional MRI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Dec 05; 97(25):13907-12. PMID: 11095716; PMCID: PMC17674.
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    106. Tallal P, Merzenich M, Miller S, Jenkins W. Language learning impairments: integrating basic science, technology, and remediation. Exp Brain Res. 1998 Nov; 123(1-2):210-9. PMID: 9835411.
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    110. Hickmott PW, Merzenich M. Single-cell correlates of a representational boundary in rat somatosensory cortex. J Neurosci. 1998 Jun 01; 18(11):4403-16. PMID: 9592117.
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    112. Xerri C, Merzenich M, Peterson BE, Jenkins W. Plasticity of primary somatosensory cortex paralleling sensorimotor skill recovery from stroke in adult monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 1998 Apr; 79(4):2119-48. PMID: 9535973.
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    113. Kilgard MP, Merzenich M. Cortical map reorganization enabled by nucleus basalis activity. Science. 1998 Mar 13; 279(5357):1714-8. PMID: 9497289.
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    114. Peterson BE, Goldreich D, Merzenich M. Optical imaging and electrophysiology of rat barrel cortex. I. Responses to small single-vibrissa deflections. Cereb Cortex. 1998 Mar; 8(2):173-83. PMID: 9542896.
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    115. Goldreich D, Peterson BE, Merzenich M. Optical imaging and electrophysiology of rat barrel cortex. II. Responses to paired-vibrissa deflections. Cereb Cortex. 1998 Mar; 8(2):184-92. PMID: 9542897.
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    116. Nagarajan SS, Blake DT, Wright BA, Byl N, Merzenich M. Practice-related improvements in somatosensory interval discrimination are temporally specific but generalize across skin location, hemisphere, and modality. J Neurosci. 1998 Feb 15; 18(4):1559-70. PMID: 9454861.
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    117. Buonomano DV, Merzenich M. Cortical plasticity: from synapses to maps. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1998; 21:149-86. PMID: 9530495.
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    118. Buonomano DV, Hickmott PW, Merzenich M. Context-sensitive synaptic plasticity and temporal-to-spatial transformations in hippocampal slices. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Sep 16; 94(19):10403-8. PMID: 9294223; PMCID: PMC23375.
    119. Spengler F, Roberts TP, Poeppel D, Byl N, Wang X, Rowley HA, Merzenich M. Learning transfer and neuronal plasticity in humans trained in tactile discrimination. Neurosci Lett. 1997 Sep 05; 232(3):151-4. PMID: 9310302.
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    122. Brecht M, Preilowski B, Merzenich M. Functional architecture of the mystacial vibrissae. Behav Brain Res. 1997 Mar; 84(1-2):81-97. PMID: 9079775.
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    123. Byl NN, Merzenich M, Cheung S, Bedenbaugh P, Nagarajan SS, Jenkins WM. A primate model for studying focal dystonia and repetitive strain injury: effects on the primary somatosensory cortex. Phys Ther. 1997 Mar; 77(3):269-84. PMID: 9062569.
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    124. Byl NN, Merzenich M, Jenkins WM. A primate genesis model of focal dystonia and repetitive strain injury: I. Learning-induced dedifferentiation of the representation of the hand in the primary somatosensory cortex in adult monkeys. Neurology. 1996 Aug; 47(2):508-20. PMID: 8757029.
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    125. Buonomano DV, Merzenich M. Associative synaptic plasticity in hippocampal CA1 neurons is not sensitive to unpaired presynaptic activity. J Neurophysiol. 1996 Jul; 76(1):631-6. PMID: 8836251.
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    126. deCharms RC, Merzenich M. Primary cortical representation of sounds by the coordination of action-potential timing. Nature. 1996 Jun 13; 381(6583):610-3. PMID: 8637597.
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    127. Byl N, Wilson F, Merzenich M, Melnick M, Scott P, Oakes A, McKenzie A. Sensory dysfunction associated with repetitive strain injuries of tendinitis and focal hand dystonia: a comparative study. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996 Apr; 23(4):234-44. PMID: 8775368.
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    128. Nudo RJ, Milliken GW, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Use-dependent alterations of movement representations in primary motor cortex of adult squirrel monkeys. J Neurosci. 1996 Jan 15; 16(2):785-807. PMID: 8551360.
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    129. Tallal P, Miller SL, Bedi G, Byma G, Wang X, Nagarajan SS, Schreiner C, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Language comprehension in language-learning impaired children improved with acoustically modified speech. Science. 1996 Jan 05; 271(5245):81-4. PMID: 8539604.
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    130. Merzenich M, Jenkins WM, Johnston P, Schreiner C, Miller SL, Tallal P. Temporal processing deficits of language-learning impaired children ameliorated by training. Science. 1996 Jan 05; 271(5245):77-81. PMID: 8539603.
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    131. Merzenich M, Wright B, Jenkins W, Xerri C, Byl N, Miller S, Tallal P. Cortical plasticity underlying perceptual, motor, and cognitive skill development: implications for neurorehabilitation. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1996; 61:1-8. PMID: 9246429.
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    132. Xerri C, Coq JO, Merzenich M, Jenkins WM. Experience-induced plasticity of cutaneous maps in the primary somatosensory cortex of adult monkeys and rats. J Physiol Paris. 1996; 90(3-4):277-87. PMID: 9116682.
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    133. Rebscher SJ, Talbot N, Bruszewski W, Heilmann M, Brasell J, Merzenich M. A transparent model of the human scala tympani cavity. J Neurosci Methods. 1996 Jan; 64(1):105-14. PMID: 8869490.
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    134. Wang X, Merzenich M, Beitel R, Schreiner CE. Representation of a species-specific vocalization in the primary auditory cortex of the common marmoset: temporal and spectral characteristics. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Dec; 74(6):2685-706. PMID: 8747224.
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    135. Wang X, Merzenich M, Sameshima K, Jenkins WM. Remodelling of hand representation in adult cortex determined by timing of tactile stimulation. Nature. 1995 Nov 02; 378(6552):71-5. PMID: 7477291.
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    136. Peterson BE, Merzenich M. EXP: a Macintosh program for automating data acquisition and analysis applied to neurophysiology. J Neurosci Methods. 1995 Apr; 57(2):121-31. PMID: 7609575.
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    137. Peterson BE, Merzenich M. MAP: a Macintosh program for generating categorical maps applied to cortical mapping. J Neurosci Methods. 1995 Apr; 57(2):133-44. PMID: 7609576.
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    138. Kilgard MP, Merzenich M. Anticipated stimuli across skin. Nature. 1995 Feb 23; 373(6516):663. PMID: 7854442.
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    139. Buonomano DV, Merzenich M. Temporal information transformed into a spatial code by a neural network with realistic properties. Science. 1995 Feb 17; 267(5200):1028-30. PMID: 7863330.
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    140. Xerri C, Stern JM, Merzenich M. Alterations of the cortical representation of the rat ventrum induced by nursing behavior. J Neurosci. 1994 Mar; 14(3 Pt 2):1710-21. PMID: 8126565.
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    141. Dinse HR, Recanzone GH, Merzenich M. Alterations in correlated activity parallel ICMS-induced representational plasticity. Neuroreport. 1993 Nov 18; 5(2):173-6. PMID: 8111006.
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    142. Merzenich M, Schreiner C, Jenkins W, Wang X. Neural mechanisms underlying temporal integration, segmentation, and input sequence representation: some implications for the origin of learning disabilities. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1993 Jun 14; 682:1-22. PMID: 8323106.
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    143. Merzenich M, Sameshima K. Cortical plasticity and memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1993 Apr; 3(2):187-96. PMID: 8513231.
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    144. Merzenich M, Jenkins WM. Reorganization of cortical representations of the hand following alterations of skin inputs induced by nerve injury, skin island transfers, and experience. J Hand Ther. 1993 Apr-Jun; 6(2):89-104. PMID: 8393727.
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    145. Recanzone GH, Schreiner CE, Merzenich M. Plasticity in the frequency representation of primary auditory cortex following discrimination training in adult owl monkeys. J Neurosci. 1993 Jan; 13(1):87-103. PMID: 8423485.
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    146. Nudo RJ, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M, Prejean T, Grenda R. Neurophysiological correlates of hand preference in primary motor cortex of adult squirrel monkeys. J Neurosci. 1992 Aug; 12(8):2918-47. PMID: 1494940.
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    147. Leake PA, Snyder RL, Merzenich M. Topographic organization of the cochlear spiral ganglion demonstrated by restricted lesions of the anteroventral cochlear nucleus. J Comp Neurol. 1992 Jun 22; 320(4):468-78. PMID: 1629399.
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    148. Recanzone GH, Merzenich M, Schreiner CE. Changes in the distributed temporal response properties of SI cortical neurons reflect improvements in performance on a temporally based tactile discrimination task. J Neurophysiol. 1992 May; 67(5):1071-91. PMID: 1597698.
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    149. Recanzone GH, Merzenich M, Jenkins WM, Grajski KA, Dinse HR. Topographic reorganization of the hand representation in cortical area 3b owl monkeys trained in a frequency-discrimination task. J Neurophysiol. 1992 May; 67(5):1031-56. PMID: 1597696.
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    150. Recanzone GH, Merzenich M, Jenkins WM. Frequency discrimination training engaging a restricted skin surface results in an emergence of a cutaneous response zone in cortical area 3a. J Neurophysiol. 1992 May; 67(5):1057-70. PMID: 1597697.
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    151. Recanzone GH, Jenkins WM, Hradek GT, Merzenich M. Progressive improvement in discriminative abilities in adult owl monkeys performing a tactile frequency discrimination task. J Neurophysiol. 1992 May; 67(5):1015-30. PMID: 1597695.
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    152. Recanzone GH, Merzenich M, Dinse HR. Expansion of the cortical representation of a specific skin field in primary somatosensory cortex by intracortical microstimulation. Cereb Cortex. 1992 May-Jun; 2(3):181-96. PMID: 1511220.
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    153. Allard T, Clark SA, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Reorganization of somatosensory area 3b representations in adult owl monkeys after digital syndactyly. J Neurophysiol. 1991 Sep; 66(3):1048-58. PMID: 1753275.
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    154. McKerrow WS, Schreiner CE, Snyder RL, Merzenich M, Toner JG. Tinnitus suppression by cochlear implants. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1991 Jul; 100(7):552-8. PMID: 2064266.
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    155. White MW, Ochs MT, Merzenich M, Schubert ED. Speech recognition in analog multichannel cochlear prostheses: initial experiments in controlling classifications. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1990 Oct; 37(10):1002-10. PMID: 2249858.
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    156. Recanzone GH, Allard TT, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Receptive-field changes induced by peripheral nerve stimulation in SI of adult cats. J Neurophysiol. 1990 May; 63(5):1213-25. PMID: 2358870.
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    157. Nudo RJ, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Repetitive microstimulation alters the cortical representation of movements in adult rats. Somatosens Mot Res. 1990; 7(4):463-83. PMID: 2291378.
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    158. Merzenich M, Recanzone GH, Jenkins WM, Grajski KA. Adaptive mechanisms in cortical networks underlying cortical contributions to learning and nondeclarative memory. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1990; 55:873-87. PMID: 2132864.
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    159. Jenkins WM, Merzenich M, Recanzone G. Neocortical representational dynamics in adult primates: implications for neuropsychology. Neuropsychologia. 1990; 28(6):573-84. PMID: 2118613.
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    160. Jenkins WM, Merzenich M, Ochs MT, Allard T, Guíc-Robles E. Functional reorganization of primary somatosensory cortex in adult owl monkeys after behaviorally controlled tactile stimulation. J Neurophysiol. 1990 Jan; 63(1):82-104. PMID: 2299388.
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    161. Wilson BS, Finley CC, Farmer JC, Lawson DT, Weber BA, Wolford RD, Kenan PD, White MW, Merzenich M, Schindler RA. Comparative studies of speech processing strategies for cochlear implants. Laryngoscope. 1988 Oct; 98(10):1069-77. PMID: 3172953.
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    162. Ehret G, Merzenich M. Neuronal discharge rate is unsuitable for encoding sound intensity at the inferior-colliculus level. Hear Res. 1988 Sep 01; 35(1):1-7. PMID: 3182407.
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    163. Ehret G, Merzenich M. Complex sound analysis (frequency resolution, filtering and spectral integration) by single units of the inferior colliculus of the cat. Brain Res. 1988 Apr-Jun; 472(2):139-63. PMID: 3289688.
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    164. Clark SA, Allard T, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Receptive fields in the body-surface map in adult cortex defined by temporally correlated inputs. Nature. 1988 Mar 31; 332(6163):444-5. PMID: 3352741.
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    165. Snow PJ, Nudo RJ, Rivers W, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Somatotopically inappropriate projections from thalamocortical neurons to the SI cortex of the cat demonstrated by the use of intracortical microstimulation. Somatosens Res. 1988; 5(4):349-72. PMID: 3381044.
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    166. Langner G, Schreiner C, Merzenich M. Covariation of latency and temporal resolution in the inferior colliculus of the cat. Hear Res. 1987 Dec; 31(2):197-201. PMID: 3446676.
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    167. Stryker MP, Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Anesthetic state does not affect the map of the hand representation within area 3b somatosensory cortex in owl monkey. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Apr 08; 258(2):297-303. PMID: 3584542.
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    168. Merzenich M, Nelson RJ, Kaas JH, Stryker MP, Jenkins WM, Zook JM, Cynader MS, Schoppmann A. Variability in hand surface representations in areas 3b and 1 in adult owl and squirrel monkeys. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Apr 08; 258(2):281-96. PMID: 3584541.
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    169. McKinley PA, Jenkins WM, Smith JL, Merzenich M. Age-dependent capacity for somatosensory cortex reorganization in chronic spinal cats. Brain Res. 1987 Jan; 428(1):136-9. PMID: 3815108.
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    170. Schindler RA, Kessler DK, Rebscher SJ, Jackler RK, Merzenich M. Surgical considerations and hearing results with the UCSF/Storz cochlear implant. Laryngoscope. 1987 Jan; 97(1):50-6. PMID: 3796176.
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    171. Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Reorganization of neocortical representations after brain injury: a neurophysiological model of the bases of recovery from stroke. Prog Brain Res. 1987; 71:249-66. PMID: 3588947.
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    172. Aitkin LM, Merzenich M, Irvine DR, Clarey JC, Nelson JE. Frequency representation in auditory cortex of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). J Comp Neurol. 1986 Oct 08; 252(2):175-85. PMID: 3782506.
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    173. Aitkin LM, Irvine DR, Nelson JE, Merzenich M, Clarey JC. Frequency representation in the auditory midbrain and forebrain of a marsupial, the northern native cat (Dasyurus hallucatus). Brain Behav Evol. 1986; 29(1-2):17-28. PMID: 3594197.
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    174. Wall JT, Kaas JH, Sur M, Nelson RJ, Felleman DJ, Merzenich M. Functional reorganization in somatosensory cortical areas 3b and 1 of adult monkeys after median nerve repair: possible relationships to sensory recovery in humans. J Neurosci. 1986 Jan; 6(1):218-33. PMID: 3944620.
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    175. Ehret G, Merzenich M. Auditory midbrain responses parallel spectral integration phenomena. Science. 1985 Mar 08; 227(4691):1245-7. PMID: 3975613.
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    176. Jenkins WM, Merzenich M. Role of cat primary auditory cortex for sound-localization behavior. J Neurophysiol. 1984 Nov; 52(5):819-47. PMID: 6512590.
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    177. White MW, Merzenich M, Gardi JN. Multichannel cochlear implants. Channel interactions and processor design. Arch Otolaryngol. 1984 Aug; 110(8):493-501. PMID: 6547597.
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    178. Kaas JH, Nelson RJ, Sur M, Dykes RW, Merzenich M. The somatotopic organization of the ventroposterior thalamus of the squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus. J Comp Neurol. 1984 Jun 10; 226(1):111-40. PMID: 6736292.
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    179. Merzenich M, Nelson RJ, Stryker MP, Cynader MS, Schoppmann A, Zook JM. Somatosensory cortical map changes following digit amputation in adult monkeys. J Comp Neurol. 1984 Apr 20; 224(4):591-605. PMID: 6725633.
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    180. Merzenich M, Kaas JH, Wall JT, Sur M, Nelson RJ, Felleman DJ. Progression of change following median nerve section in the cortical representation of the hand in areas 3b and 1 in adult owl and squirrel monkeys. Neuroscience. 1983 Nov; 10(3):639-65. PMID: 6646426.
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    181. Merzenich M. Coding of sound in a cochlear prosthesis: some theoretical and practical considerations. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1983; 405:502-8. PMID: 6575672.
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    182. Kaas JH, Merzenich M, Killackey HP. The reorganization of somatosensory cortex following peripheral nerve damage in adult and developing mammals. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1983; 6:325-56. PMID: 6340591.
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    183. Merzenich M, Kaas JH, Wall J, Nelson RJ, Sur M, Felleman D. Topographic reorganization of somatosensory cortical areas 3b and 1 in adult monkeys following restricted deafferentation. Neuroscience. 1983 Jan; 8(1):33-55. PMID: 6835522.
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    184. Leake-Jones PA, Vivion MC, O'Reilly BF, Merzenich M. Deaf animal models for studies of a multichannel cochlear prosthesis. Hear Res. 1982 Oct; 8(2):225-46. PMID: 7142045.
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    185. Vivion MC, Merzenich M, Leake-Jones PA, White M, Silverman M. Electrode position and excitation patterns for a model cochlear prosthesis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl. 1981 Mar-Apr; 90(2 Pt 3):19-20. PMID: 6784646.
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    186. Walsh SM, Leake-Jones PA, Vurek LS, Merzenich M. Chronic electrical stimulation with intracochlear electrodes: electrophysiological results. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl. 1981 Mar-Apr; 90(2 Pt 3):27-9. PMID: 6784649.
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    187. Wong-Riley MT, Walsh SM, Leake-Jones PA, Merzenich M. Maintenance of neuronal activity by electrical stimulation of unilaterally deafened cats demonstrable with cytochrome oxidase technique. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl. 1981 Mar-Apr; 90(2 Pt 3):30-2. PMID: 6261663.
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    188. Dykes RW, Sur M, Merzenich M, Kaas JH, Nelson RJ. Regional segregation of neurons responding to quickly adapting, slowly adapting, deep and Pacinian receptors within thalamic ventroposterior lateral and ventroposterior inferior nuclei in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Neuroscience. 1981; 6(8):1687-92. PMID: 6267512.
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    189. Andersen RA, Knight PL, Merzenich M. The thalamocortical and corticothalamic connections of AI, AII, and the anterior auditory field (AAF) in the cat: evidence for two largely segregated systems of connections. J Comp Neurol. 1980 Dec 01; 194(3):663-701. PMID: 7451688.
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    190. Merzenich M, White M. Coding considerations in design of cochlear prostheses. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl. 1980 Sep-Oct; 89(5 Pt 2):84-7. PMID: 6786198.
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    191. Sur M, Merzenich M, Kaas JH. Magnification, receptive-field area, and "hypercolumn" size in areas 3b and 1 of somatosensory cortex in owl monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 1980 Aug; 44(2):295-311. PMID: 7411189.
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    192. Andersen RA, Snyder RL, Merzenich M. The topographic organization of corticocollicular projections from physiologically identified loci in the AI, AII, and anterior auditory cortical fields of the cat. J Comp Neurol. 1980 Jun; 191(3):479-94. PMID: 7410603.
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    193. Middlebrooks JC, Dykes RW, Merzenich M. Binaural response-specific bands in primary auditory cortex (AI) of the cat: topographical organization orthogonal to isofrequency contours. Brain Res. 1980 Jan 06; 181(1):31-48. PMID: 7350963.
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    194. Walsh SM, Merzenich M, Schindler RA, Leake-Jones PA. Some practical considerations in development of multichannel scala tympani prostheses. Audiology. 1980; 19(2):164-75. PMID: 6892767.
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    195. Merzenich M, Byers CL, White M, Vivion MC. Cochlear implant prostheses: strategies and progress. Ann Biomed Eng. 1980; 8(4-6):361-8. PMID: 7027838.
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    196. Lin CS, Merzenich M, Sur M, Kaas JH. Connections of areas 3b and 1 of the parietal somatosensory strip with the ventroposterior nucleus in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). J Comp Neurol. 1979 May 15; 185(2):355-71. PMID: 107204.
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    197. Kaas JH, Nelson RJ, Sur M, Lin CS, Merzenich M. Multiple representations of the body within the primary somatosensory cortex of primates. Science. 1979 May 04; 204(4392):521-3. PMID: 107591.
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    198. Merzenich M, White M, Vivion MC, Leake-Jones PA, Walsh S. Some considerations of multichannel electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve in the profoundly deaf; interfacing electrode arrays with the auditory nerve array. Acta Otolaryngol. 1979 Mar-Apr; 87(3-4):196-203. PMID: 443000.
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    199. Gardi J, Merzenich M, McKean C. Origins of the scalp recorded frequency-following response in the cat. Audiology. 1979; 18(5):358-81. PMID: 496719.
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    200. Roth GL, Aitkin LM, Andersen RA, Merzenich M. Some features of the spatial organization of the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus of the cat. J Comp Neurol. 1978 Dec 15; 182(4):661-80. PMID: 721973.
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    201. Merzenich M, Kaas JH, Sur M, Lin CS. Double representation of the body surface within cytoarchitectonic areas 3b and 1 in "SI" in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). J Comp Neurol. 1978 Sep 01; 181(1):41-73. PMID: 98537.
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    202. Merzenich M, White MW, Leake PA, Schindler RA, Michelson RP. Further progress in the development of multichannel cochlear implants. Trans Sect Otolaryngol Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol. 1977 Mar-Apr; 84(2):181-2. PMID: 898495.
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    203. Merzenich M, Kaas JH, Roth GL. Auditory cortex in the grey squirrel: tonotopic organization and architectonic fields. J Comp Neurol. 1976 Apr 15; 166(4):387-401. PMID: 1270613.
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    204. Greenwood DD, Merzenich M, Roth GL. Some preliminary observations on the interrelations between two-tone suppression and combination-tone driving in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus of the cat. J Acoust Soc Am. 1976 Mar; 59(3):607-33. PMID: 1254789.
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    216. Paul RL, Merzenich M, Goodman H. Representation of slowly and rapidly adapting cutaneous mechanoreceptors of the hand in Brodmann's areas 3 and 1 of Macaca mulatta. Brain Res. 1972 Jan 28; 36(2):229-49. PMID: 4621596.
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