Michael Merzenich, PhD

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, Otolaryngology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address513 Parnassus Ave, HSE
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Our laboratory is principally interested in 1) defining the neural bases of learning, recognition and memory; 2) defining mechanisms underlying the origins of functional brain illnesses and disabilities; and 3) developing training strategies for remediating learning-disabled and movement-disabled adults and children.

    Cortical plasticity studies are conducted within somatosensory, auditory, and motor forebrain systems in rodent, primate and human models. Electrophysiological studies employ the derivation of highly detailed microelectrode neuron response maps in sensory cortical areas and subcortical nuclei, and detailed microstimulation maps in motor cortex. Acute and chronic quantitative single and multiple-unit recording experiments are conducted. Many studies are undertaken in behaviorally trained animals. Human learning experiments are conducted using psychophysical procedures and magnetoencephalographic (MSI) and functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) imaging). Pragmatic human studies involve computer engineering and AV development, as well as electrophysiological and psychophysical experiments conducted in patient models.

    Cortical representations have been shown to be substantially functionally remodeled following new behavioral experiences or training in animal models in which limited sectors of the sensory epithelium and/or specific movements are differentially engaged in new behavioral tasks. Studies of this "representational plasticity" in the adult nervous system have revealed many facets of the self-organizing processes of the brain that account for the progressive differentiation of behavior in child development, and that account for adult learning. In current experiments: 1) We are relating specific experience-driven changes in neuronal responses in the cortex to behaviorally measured gains in skills acquired with practice in the same animal(s). 2) We are constructing computational models of the dynamic, self-organizing cortical machinery. 3) We are studying developmental plasticity in the auditory system relevant to understanding the development of fundamental human capacities. 4) We are modelling the contributions of learning to the genesis of learning disabilities, and to the emergence of occupationally-induced movement disabilities and pain syndromes. 5) We are studying some practical implications of cortical representational plasticity mechanisms for designing remedial therapies for brain injury patients, and for learning-disabled and movement-disabled human populations.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Variation as a Neural Code
    NIH P50MH077970Sep 8, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Brain Plasticity Rehabilitation of Visual Cognition
    NIH R43EY016273Sep 30, 2005 - Aug 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Brain-Plasticity Based Training for Schizophrenia
    NIH R42MH073358Sep 26, 2005 - Jan 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Brain Plasticity Based Training for Focal Dystonia
    NIH R43HD049251Sep 15, 2005 - Apr 30, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical Plasticity Systems
    NIH P01NS034835May 1, 1997 - Apr 30, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH/NIDCD N01DC002401Sep 30, 1990 - Sep 29, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NIDCD N01DC072391Jun 30, 1987 - Jun 29, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NINDS N01NS072391Jun 30, 1987 - Jun 29, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH U09RG010905Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1991
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    NIH/NINDS N01NS032353Sep 1, 1983 - Dec 31, 1986
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R01NS010414Jul 1, 1978 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Online Social Cognition Training in Schizophrenia: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Multi-Site Clinical Trial. Schizophr Bull. 2021 01 23; 47(1):108-117. Nahum M, Lee H, Fisher M, Green MF, Hooker CI, Ventura J, Jordan JT, Rose A, Kim SJ, Haut KM, Merzenich MM, Vinogradov S. PMID: 32614046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    2. Environmental noise degrades hippocampus-related learning and memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 01 07; 118(1). Zhang Y, Zhu M, Sun Y, Tang B, Zhang G, An P, Cheng Y, Shan Y, Merzenich MM, Zhou X. PMID: 33229555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    3. Alertness Training Improves Spatial Bias and Functional Ability in Spatial Neglect. Ann Neurol. 2020 10; 88(4):747-758. Van Vleet T, Bonato P, Fabara E, Dabit S, Kim SJ, Chiu C, Bisogno AL, Merzenich M, Corbetta M, DeGutis J. PMID: 32740976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Home-Based, Adaptive Cognitive Training for Cognitively Normal Older adults: Initial Efficacy Trial. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2020 06 02; 75(6):1144-1154. Lee HK, Kent JD, Wendel C, Wolinsky FD, Foster ED, Merzenich MM, Voss MW. PMID: 31140569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Reversal of Age-Related Changes in Cortical Sound-Azimuth Selectivity with Training. Cereb Cortex. 2020 03 14; 30(3):1768-1778. Cheng Y, Zhang Y, Wang F, Jia G, Zhou J, Shan Y, Sun X, Yu L, Merzenich MM, Recanzone GH, Yang L, Zhou X. PMID: 31504260.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    6. Optimizing brain performance: Identifying mechanisms of adaptive neurobiological plasticity. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019 10; 105:60-71. Lambert K, Eisch AJ, Galea LAM, Kempermann G, Merzenich M. PMID: 31356835.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Auditory Training Reverses Lead (Pb)-Toxicity-Induced Changes in Sound-Azimuth Selectivity of Cortical Neurons. Cereb Cortex. 2019 07 22; 29(8):3294-3304. Liu X, Wei F, Cheng Y, Zhang Y, Jia G, Zhou J, Zhu M, Shan Y, Sun X, Yu L, Merzenich MM, Lurie DI, Zheng Q, Zhou X. PMID: 30137254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    8. No Evidence of Broadband Noise Having Any Harmful Effect on Hearing-Reply. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 03 01; 145(3):292-293. Attarha M, Bigelow J, Merzenich MM. PMID: 30676625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    9. Biases in processing of mood-congruent facial expressions in depression. Psychiatry Res. 2019 05; 275:143-148. Van Vleet T, Stark-Inbar A, Merzenich MM, Jordan JT, Wallace DL, Lee MB, Dawes HE, Chang EF, Nahum M. PMID: 30908978.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Unintended Consequences of White Noise Therapy for Tinnitus-Otolaryngology's Cobra Effect: A Review. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 10 01; 144(10):938-943. Attarha M, Bigelow J, Merzenich MM. PMID: 30178067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    11. Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation in Intensive Care Unit Survivors: Returning to Everyday Tasks Using Rehabilitation Networks-Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Pilot Investigation. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 07; 15(7):887-891. Wilson JE, Collar EM, Kiehl AL, Lee H, Merzenich M, Ely EW, Jackson J. PMID: 29911883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Positive impacts of early auditory training on cortical processing at an older age. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 06 13; 114(24):6364-6369. Cheng Y, Jia G, Zhang Y, Hao H, Shan Y, Yu L, Sun X, Zheng Q, Kraus N, Merzenich MM, Zhou X. PMID: 28559351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    13. Immediate Mood Scaler: Tracking Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Using a Novel Mobile Mood Scale. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2017 Apr 12; 5(4):e44. Nahum M, Van Vleet TM, Sohal VS, Mirzabekov JJ, Rao VR, Wallace DL, Lee MB, Dawes H, Stark-Inbar A, Jordan JT, Biagianti B, Merzenich M, Chang EF. PMID: 28404542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    14. Targeting alertness to improve cognition in older adults: A preliminary report of benefits in executive function and skill acquisition. Cortex. 2016 09; 82:100-118. Van Vleet TM, DeGutis JM, Merzenich MM, Simpson GV, Zomet A, Dabit S. PMID: 27372902.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Randomized controlled trial of computer-based treatment of social cognition in schizophrenia: the TRuSST trial protocol. BMC Psychiatry. 2015 Jul 03; 15:142. Rose A, Vinogradov S, Fisher M, Green MF, Ventura J, Hooker C, Merzenich M, Nahum M. PMID: 26138715.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Behavioral training reverses global cortical network dysfunction induced by perinatal antidepressant exposure. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):2233-8. Zhou X, Lu JY, Darling RD, Simpson KL, Zhu X, Wang F, Yu L, Sun X, Merzenich MM, Lin RC. PMID: 25646455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    17. Early UCSF contributions to the development of multiple-channel cochlear implants. Hear Res. 2015 Apr; 322:39-46. Merzenich MM. PMID: 25560478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    18. Adaptive training diminishes distractibility in aging across species. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):1091-103. Mishra J, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25467987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    19. Perceptual Training Restores Impaired Cortical Temporal Processing Due to Lead Exposure. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jan; 26(1):334-345. Zhu X, Liu X, Wei F, Wang F, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE, Sun X, Zhou X. PMID: 25405943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    20. Brain plasticity-based therapeutics. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:385. Merzenich MM, Van Vleet TM, Nahum M. PMID: 25018719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Environmental acoustic enrichment promotes recovery from developmentally degraded auditory cortical processing. J Neurosci. 2014 Apr 16; 34(16):5406-15. Zhu X, Wang F, Hu H, Sun X, Kilgard MP, Merzenich MM, Zhou X. PMID: 24741032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    22. Accessible online neuroplasticity-targeted training for children with ADHD. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2013 Nov 14; 7(1):38. Mishra J, Merzenich MM, Sagar R. PMID: 24225015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    23. Manipulation of BDNF signaling modifies the experience-dependent plasticity induced by pure tone exposure during the critical period in the primary auditory cortex. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e64208. Anomal R, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich MM, Panizzutti R. PMID: 23700463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Neuroplasticity: introduction. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:xxi-xxvi. Merzenich MM, Nahum M, Van Vleet TM. PMID: 24309266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    25. Neocortical correlates of vibrotactile detection in humans. J Cogn Neurosci. 2013 Jan; 25(1):49-61. Moore CI, Crosier E, Greve DN, Savoy R, Merzenich MM, Dale AM. PMID: 23198890.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Principles of neuroplasticity-based rehabilitation. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:141-71. Nahum M, Lee H, Merzenich MM. PMID: 24309254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Long-term modification of cortical synapses improves sensory perception. Nat Neurosci. 2013 Jan; 16(1):79-88. Froemke RC, Carcea I, Barker AJ, Yuan K, Seybold BA, Martins AR, Zaika N, Bernstein H, Wachs M, Levis PA, Polley DB, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. PMID: 23178974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 87     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    28. High-density multielectrode array with independently maneuverable electrodes and silicone oil fluid isolation system for chronic recording from macaque monkey. J Neurosci Methods. 2012 Oct 15; 211(1):114-24. Miyakawa N, Katsumata N, Blake DT, Merzenich MM, Tanifuji M. PMID: 22939944.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    29. Environmental noise exposure degrades normal listening processes. Nat Commun. 2012 May 15; 3:843. Zhou X, Merzenich MM. PMID: 22588305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    30. The fantastic plastic brain. Adv Mind Body Med. 2012; 26(2):30-5. Bruno R, Merzenich M, Nudo R. PMID: 23469367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    31. Brains on video games. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2011 11 18; 12(12):763-8. Bavelier D, Green CS, Han DH, Renshaw PF, Merzenich MM, Gentile DA. PMID: 22095065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Perinatal antidepressant exposure alters cortical network function in rodents. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Nov 08; 108(45):18465-70. Simpson KL, Weaver KJ, de Villers-Sidani E, Lu JY, Cai Z, Pang Y, Rodriguez-Porcel F, Paul IA, Merzenich M, Lin RC. PMID: 22025710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    33. Natural restoration of critical period plasticity in the juvenile and adult primary auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2011 Apr 13; 31(15):5625-34. Zhou X, Panizzutti R, de Villers-Sidani E, Madeira C, Merzenich MM. PMID: 21490203.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    34. Lifelong plasticity in the rat auditory cortex: basic mechanisms and role of sensory experience. Prog Brain Res. 2011; 191:119-31. de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich MM. PMID: 21741548.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    35. Perinatal asphyxia affects rat auditory processing: implications for auditory perceptual impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders. PLoS One. 2010 Dec 23; 5(12):e15326. Strata F, Stoianov IP, de Villers-Sidani E, Bonham B, Martone T, Kenet T, Chang EF, Vincenti V, Merzenich MM. PMID: 21203459.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    36. Specific cognitive training normalizes auditory sensory gating in schizophrenia: a randomized trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 01; 69(5):465-71. Popov T, Jordanov T, Rockstroh B, Elbert T, Merzenich MM, Miller GA. PMID: 21092939.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Successive-signal biasing for a learned sound sequence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 17; 107(33):14839-44. Zhou X, de Villers-Sidani E, Panizzutti R, Merzenich MM. PMID: 20679210.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    38. Recovery of functional and structural age-related changes in the rat primary auditory cortex with operant training. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 03; 107(31):13900-5. de Villers-Sidani E, Alzghoul L, Zhou X, Simpson KL, Lin RC, Merzenich MM. PMID: 20643928.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    39. Peripheral and central changes combine to induce motor behavioral deficits in a moderate repetition task. Exp Neurol. 2009 Dec; 220(2):234-45. Coq JO, Barr AE, Strata F, Russier M, Kietrys DM, Merzenich MM, Byl NN, Barbe MF. PMID: 19686738.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    40. Plasticity in primary somatosensory cortex resulting from environmentally enriched stimulation and sensory discrimination training. Biol Res. 2008; 41(4):425-37. Guic E, Carrasco X, Rodríguez E, Robles I, Merzenich MM. PMID: 19621123.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    41. Non-homogeneous spatial configuration of vibrissae cortical representation in layer IV of the barrel somatosensory cortex. Biol Res. 2008; 41(4):461-71. Guic E, Carrasco X, Rodríguez E, Robles I, Merzenich MM. PMID: 19621126.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Autism overflows with syntheses. Neuropsychol Rev. 2009 Jun; 19(2):273-4. Belmonte MK, Bonneh YS, Adini Y, Iversen PE, Akshoomoff NA, Kenet T, Moore CI, Simon HJ, Houde JF, Merzenich MM. PMID: 19449104.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Using neuroplasticity-based auditory training to improve verbal memory in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2009 Jul; 166(7):805-11. Fisher M, Holland C, Merzenich MM, Vinogradov S. PMID: 19448187.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 159     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Developmentally degraded cortical temporal processing restored by training. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Jan; 12(1):26-8. Zhou X, Merzenich MM. PMID: 19079250.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    45. Cross-modal extinction in a boy with severely autistic behaviour and high verbal intelligence. Cogn Neuropsychol. 2008 Jul; 25(5):635-52. Bonneh YS, Belmonte MK, Pei F, Iversen PE, Kenet T, Akshoomoff N, Adini Y, Simon HJ, Moore CI, Houde JF, Merzenich MM. PMID: 18651259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Manipulating critical period closure across different sectors of the primary auditory cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2008 Aug; 11(8):957-65. de Villers-Sidani E, Simpson KL, Lu YF, Lin RC, Merzenich MM. PMID: 18604205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    47. Enduring effects of early structured noise exposure on temporal modulation in the primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 18; 105(11):4423-8. Zhou X, Merzenich MM. PMID: 18332439.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    48. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature. 2007 Nov 15; 450(7168):425-9. Froemke RC, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. PMID: 18004384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 249     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    49. Impact of neonatal asphyxia and hind limb immobilization on musculoskeletal tissues and S1 map organization: implications for cerebral palsy. Exp Neurol. 2008 Mar; 210(1):95-108. Coq JO, Strata F, Russier M, Safadi FF, Merzenich MM, Byl NN, Barbe MF. PMID: 18061167.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. Intensive training in adults refines A1 representations degraded in an early postnatal critical period. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 02; 104(40):15935-40. Zhou X, Merzenich MM. PMID: 17895375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    51. Frequency-modulation encoding in the primary auditory cortex of the awake owl monkey. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Oct; 98(4):2182-95. Atencio CA, Blake DT, Strata F, Cheung SW, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. PMID: 17699695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    52. Multiparametric auditory receptive field organization across five cortical fields in the albino rat. J Neurophysiol. 2007 May; 97(5):3621-38. Polley DB, Read HL, Storace DA, Merzenich MM. PMID: 17376842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 133     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    53. Critical period window for spectral tuning defined in the primary auditory cortex (A1) in the rat. J Neurosci. 2007 Jan 03; 27(1):180-9. de Villers-Sidani E, Chang EF, Bao S, Merzenich MM. PMID: 17202485.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 146     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    54. Experience-dependent adult cortical plasticity requires cognitive association between sensation and reward. Neuron. 2006 Oct 19; 52(2):371-81. Blake DT, Heiser MA, Caywood M, Merzenich MM. PMID: 17046698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    55. Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity-based training program: a randomized, controlled study. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Aug 15; 103(33):12523-8. Mahncke HW, Connor BB, Appelman J, Ahsanuddin ON, Hardy JL, Wood RA, Joyce NM, Boniske T, Atkins SM, Merzenich MM. PMID: 16888038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 199     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Perceptual learning directs auditory cortical map reorganization through top-down influences. J Neurosci. 2006 May 03; 26(18):4970-82. Polley DB, Steinberg EE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 16672673.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 231     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    57. Severe hearing loss in Dlxl mutant mice. Hear Res. 2006 Apr; 214(1-2):84-8. Polley DB, Cobos I, Merzenich MM, Rubenstein JL. PMID: 16632068.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    58. Brain plasticity and functional losses in the aged: scientific bases for a novel intervention. Prog Brain Res. 2006; 157:81-109. Mahncke HW, Bronstone A, Merzenich MM. PMID: 17046669.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 125     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    59. Development of spectral and temporal response selectivity in the auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 08; 102(45):16460-5. Chang EF, Bao S, Imaizumi K, Schreiner CE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 16263924.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 73     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    60. Experience-dependent plasticity in S1 caused by noncoincident inputs. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Sep; 94(3):2239-50. Blake DT, Strata F, Kempter R, Merzenich MM. PMID: 16105958.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    61. Fine functional organization of auditory cortex revealed by Fourier optical imaging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 13; 102(37):13325-30. Kalatsky VA, Polley DB, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE, Stryker MP. PMID: 16141342.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. Cortical responses in rats predict perceptual sensitivities to complex sounds. Behav Neurosci. 2005 Feb; 119(1):256-64. Orduña I, Mercado E, Gluck MA, Merzenich MM. PMID: 15727530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    63. Associative learning shapes the neural code for stimulus magnitude in primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 16; 101(46):16351-6. Polley DB, Heiser MA, Blake DT, Schreiner CE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 15534214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. Temporal plasticity in the primary auditory cortex induced by operant perceptual learning. Nat Neurosci. 2004 Sep; 7(9):974-81. Bao S, Chang EF, Woods J, Merzenich MM. PMID: 15286790.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 105     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    65. Specialization of primary auditory cortex processing by sound exposure in the "critical period". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 May 04; 101(18):7170-4. Nakahara H, Zhang LI, Merzenich MM. PMID: 15118079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    66. Tone-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances of primary auditory cortex neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 92(1):630-43. Tan AY, Zhang LI, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. PMID: 14999047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 124     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    67. Acoustic variability and distinguishability among mouse ultrasound vocalizations. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Dec; 114(6 Pt 1):3412-22. Liu RC, Miller KD, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. PMID: 14714820.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 72     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    68. Progressive degradation and subsequent refinement of acoustic representations in the adult auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2003 Nov 26; 23(34):10765-75. Bao S, Chang EF, Davis JD, Gobeske KT, Merzenich MM. PMID: 14645468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    69. Reward-dependent plasticity in the primary auditory cortex of adult monkeys trained to discriminate temporally modulated signals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 16; 100(19):11070-5. Beitel RE, Schreiner CE, Cheung SW, Wang X, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12941865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    70. Topography and synaptic shaping of direction selectivity in primary auditory cortex. Nature. 2003 Jul 10; 424(6945):201-5. Zhang LI, Tan AY, Schreiner CE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12853959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 162     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    71. Spectrotemporal structure of receptive fields in areas AI and AAF of mouse auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Oct; 90(4):2660-75. Linden JF, Liu RC, Sahani M, Schreiner CE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12815016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    72. Band-pass response properties of rat SI neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Sep; 90(3):1379-91. Garabedian CE, Jones SR, Merzenich MM, Dale A, Moore CI. PMID: 12750410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    73. Environmental noise retards auditory cortical development. Science. 2003 Apr 18; 300(5618):498-502. Chang EF, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12702879.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 160     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    74. Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: evidence from functional MRI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Mar 04; 100(5):2860-5. Temple E, Deutsch GK, Poldrack RA, Miller SL, Tallal P, Merzenich MM, Gabrieli JD. PMID: 12604786.
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    75. Suppression of cortical representation through backward conditioning. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Feb 04; 100(3):1405-8. Bao S, Chan VT, Zhang LI, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12538854.
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    76. Changes of AI receptive fields with sound density. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Dec; 88(6):3409-20. Blake DT, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12466457.
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    77. Modulation of the auditory cortex during speech: an MEG study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2002 Nov 15; 14(8):1125-38. Houde JF, Nagarajan SS, Sekihara K, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12495520.
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    78. Representation of the hand in the cerebral cortex. Behav Brain Res. 2002 Sep 20; 135(1-2):179-84. Blake DT, Byl NN, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12356448.
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    79. Local circuit properties underlying cortical reorganization. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Sep; 88(3):1288-301. Hickmott PW, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12205150.
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    80. Neural correlates of instrumental learning in primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):10114-9. Blake DT, Strata F, Churchland AK, Merzenich MM. PMID: 12119383.
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    81. Representation of spectral and temporal envelope of twitter vocalizations in common marmoset primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Apr; 87(4):1723-37. Nagarajan SS, Cheung SW, Bedenbaugh P, Beitel RE, Schreiner CE, Merzenich MM. PMID: 11929894.
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    82. Order-sensitive plasticity in adult primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Mar 05; 99(5):3205-9. Kilgard MP, Merzenich MM. PMID: 11880653.
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    83. Disruption of primary auditory cortex by synchronous auditory inputs during a critical period. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Feb 19; 99(4):2309-14. Zhang LI, Bao S, Merzenich MM. PMID: 11842227.
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    84. Correlation of clinical neuromusculoskeletal and central somatosensory performance: variability in controls and patients with severe and mild focal hand dystonia. Neural Plast. 2002; 9(3):177-203. Byl NN, Nagarajan SS, Merzenich MM, Roberts T, McKenzie A. PMID: 12757370.
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    85. Sensory representation abnormalities that parallel focal hand dystonia in a primate model. Somatosens Mot Res. 2002; 19(4):347-57. Blake DT, Byl NN, Cheung S, Bedenbaugh P, Nagarajan S, Lamb M, Merzenich M. PMID: 12590836.
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    86. Auditory processing parallels reading abilities in adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 06; 97(12):6832-7. Ahissar M, Protopapas A, Reid M, Merzenich MM. PMID: 10841578.
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