Adam Gazzaley, MD, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address675 Nelson Rising Lane
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-2164
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences


    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Adam Gazzaley obtained an M.D. and Ph.D. in Neuroscience at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, completed Neurology residency at the University of Pennsylvania, and postdoctoral training in cognitive neuroscience at University of California, Berkeley. He is currently the David Dolby Distinguished Professor of Neurology, Physiology and Psychiatry at University of California, San Francisco and the Founder & Executive Director of Neuroscape, a translational neuroscience center at UCSF engaged in technology creation and scientific research.

    At Neuroscape, he leads the design and development of novel brain assessment and cognitive optimization technologies to advance education, wellness, and medicine practices. Neuroscape’s novel approach involves the development of custom-designed, closed-loop video games integrated with the latest advancements in software and hardware (virtual/augmented reality, motion capture, mobile physiological recording devices, transcranial electrical brain stimulation). These technologies are then advanced to rigorous, placebo-controlled research studies that evaluate their impact on cognition, as well as the neural mechanisms of these effects using a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

    Dr. Gazzaley is co-founder and Chief Science Advisor of Akili Interactive, a company developing therapeutic video games, Sensync, a company creating the first Sensory Immersion Vessel, and JAZZ Venture Partners, a venture capital firm investing in experiential technology to improve human performance. He has been a scientific advisor for over a dozen companies including Apple, GE, Nielsen, Deloitte, Magic Leap, and the VOID. He was a Science Board member of the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition, and is currently a Board of Trustee and Science Council member of the California Academy of Sciences.

    Dr. Gazzaley has filed multiple patents for his inventions, authored over 140 scientific articles, and delivered over 675 invited presentations around the world. His research and perspectives have been consistently profiled in high-impact media, such as The New York Times, New York Times Magazine, New Yorker, Wall Street Journal, TIME, Discover, Wired, PBS, NPR, CNN and NBC Nightly News. He wrote and hosted the nationally-televised PBS special “The Distracted Mind with Dr. Adam Gazzaley”, and co-authored the 2016 MIT Press book “The Distracted Mind: Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World”, winner of the 2017 PROSE Award in the category of Biomedicine and Neuroscience. Dr. Gazzaley has received many awards and honors, including the 2015 Society for Neuroscience – Science Educator Award.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Enhancing cognitive control abilities using mobile technology in a senior living community
    NIH R21AG058896Feb 1, 2019 - Nov 30, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Enhancing cognitive control in amnestic mild cognitive impairment via non-invasive brain stimulation
    NIH R21AG062395Sep 15, 2018 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Linking inhibitory control to math achievement via comparison of conflicting decimal numbers. Cognition. 2021 Jun 11; 214:104767. Coulanges L, Abreu-Mendoza RA, Varma S, Uncapher MR, Gazzaley A, Anguera J, Rosenberg-Lee M. PMID: 34120094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Closed-loop Neurofeedback of Alpha Synchrony during Goal-directed Attention. J Neurosci. 2021 May 20. Mishra J, Lowenstein M, Campusano R, Hu Y, Diaz-Delgado J, Ayyoub J, Jain R, Gazzaley A. PMID: 34021043.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Can pragmatic research, real-world data and digital technologies aid the development of psychedelic medicine? J Psychopharmacol. 2021 Apr 22; 2698811211008567. Carhart-Harris RL, Wagner AC, Agrawal M, Kettner H, Rosenbaum JF, Gazzaley A, Nutt DJ, Erritzoe D. PMID: 33888025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    4. Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Cognition, Mood, Pain, and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front Neurol. 2021; 12:626113. Hsu WY, Cheng CH, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A, Bove RM. PMID: 33763014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Long-term maintenance of multitasking abilities following video game training in older adults. Neurobiol Aging. 2021 Mar 01; 103:22-30. Anguera JA, Schachtner JN, Simon AJ, Volponi J, Javed S, Gallen CL, Gazzaley A. PMID: 33789209.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Reconfiguration of Electroencephalography Microstate Networks after Breath-Focused, Digital Meditation Training. Brain Connect. 2021 03; 11(2):146-155. Bréchet L, Ziegler DA, Simon AJ, Brunet D, Gazzaley A, Michel CM. PMID: 33403921.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    7. Virtual reality video game improves high-fidelity memory in older adults. Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 28; 11(1):2552. Wais PE, Arioli M, Anguera-Singla R, Gazzaley A. PMID: 33510315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    8. Correction: Application of an Adaptive, Digital, Game-Based Approach for Cognitive Assessment in Multiple Sclerosis: Observational Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 Jan 27; 23(1):e27440. Hsu WY, Rowles W, Anguera JA, Zhao C, Anderson A, Alexander A, Sacco S, Henry R, Gazzaley A, Bove R. PMID: 33502997.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    9. Application of an Adaptive, Digital, Game-Based Approach for Cognitive Assessment in Multiple Sclerosis: Observational Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 01 20; 23(1):e24356. Hsu WY, Rowles W, Anguera JA, Zhao C, Anderson A, Alexander A, Sacco S, Henry R, Gazzaley A, Bove R. PMID: 33470940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Corrigendum: Toward a Compassionate Intersectional Neuroscience: Increasing Diversity and Equity in Contemplative Neuroscience. Front Psychol. 2020; 11:631816. Weng HY, Ikeda MP, Lewis-Peacock JA, Chao MT, Fullwiley D, Goldman V, Skinner S, Duncan LG, Gazzaley A, Hecht FM. PMID: 33488490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. Toward a Compassionate Intersectional Neuroscience: Increasing Diversity and Equity in Contemplative Neuroscience. Front Psychol. 2020; 11:573134. Weng HY, Ikeda MP, Lewis-Peacock JA, Chao MT, Fullwiley D, Goldman V, Skinner S, Duncan LG, Gazzaley A, Hecht FM. PMID: 33329215.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. Focus on the Breath: Brain Decoding Reveals Internal States of Attention During Meditation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2020; 14:336. Weng HY, Lewis-Peacock JA, Hecht FM, Uncapher MR, Ziegler DA, Farb NAS, Goldman V, Skinner S, Duncan LG, Chao MT, Gazzaley A. PMID: 33005138.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    13. Multimodal sensory integration: Diminishing returns in rhythmic synchronization. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2020 Oct; 46(10):1077-1087. Johnson V, Hsu WY, Ostrand AE, Gazzaley A, Zanto TP. PMID: 32730071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Temporal attention is not affected by working memory load. Cortex. 2020 09; 130:351-361. Zanto TP, Liu H, Pan P, Gazzaley A. PMID: 32738582.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. A novel in-home digital treatment to improve processing speed in people with multiple sclerosis: A pilot study. Mult Scler. 2021 Apr; 27(5):778-789. Bove R, Rowles W, Zhao C, Anderson A, Friedman S, Langdon D, Alexander A, Sacco S, Henry R, Gazzaley A, Feinstein A, Anguera JA. PMID: 32584155.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    16. Linked Sources of Neural Noise Contribute to Age-related Cognitive Decline. J Cogn Neurosci. 2020 09; 32(9):1813-1822. Tran TT, Rolle CE, Gazzaley A, Voytek B. PMID: 32427069.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    17. Closed-loop digital meditation for neurocognitive and behavioral development in adolescents with childhood neglect. Transl Psychiatry. 2020 05 18; 10(1):153. Mishra J, Sagar R, Parveen S, Kumaran S, Modi K, Maric V, Ziegler D, Gazzaley A. PMID: 32424253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Enhanced Attention Using Head-mounted Virtual Reality. J Cogn Neurosci. 2020 08; 32(8):1438-1454. Li G, Anguera JA, Javed SV, Khan MA, Wang G, Gazzaley A. PMID: 32286132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    19. Involuntary attentional shifts as a function of set and processing fluency. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2020 Feb; 203:103009. Gardner K, Walker EB, Li Y, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 31982777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. How do we validate approaches that aim to harness reserve to improve the aging brain? Neurobiol Aging. 2019 11; 83:145-149. White LR, Boyle PA, Foster TC, Gazzaley AH, Disterhoft JF. PMID: 31732018.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. A Tablet-Based Assessment of Rhythmic Ability. Front Psychol. 2019; 10:2471. Zanto TP, Padgaonkar NT, Nourishad A, Gazzaley A. PMID: 31736843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    22. Involuntary mental rotation and visuospatial imagery from external control. Conscious Cogn. 2019 10; 75:102809. Cushing D, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 31522028.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Closed-loop digital meditation improves sustained attention in young adults. Nat Hum Behav. 2019 07; 3(7):746-757. Ziegler DA, Simon AJ, Gallen CL, Skinner S, Janowich JR, Volponi JJ, Rolle CE, Mishra J, Kornfield J, Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. PMID: 31160812.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. White Matter Microstructure Associations of Cognitive and Visuomotor Control in Children: A Sensory Processing Perspective. Front Integr Neurosci. 2018; 12:65. Brandes-Aitken A, Anguera JA, Chang YS, Demopoulos C, Owen JP, Gazzaley A, Mukherjee P, Marco EJ. PMID: 30692921.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    25. Aging of the frontal lobe. Handb Clin Neurol. 2019; 163:369-389. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 31590742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. A Videogame-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Processing Speed in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Feasibility Study. Neurol Ther. 2019 Jun; 8(1):135-145. Bove RM, Rush G, Zhao C, Rowles W, Garcha P, Morrissey J, Schembri A, Alailima T, Langdon D, Possin K, Gazzaley A, Feinstein A, Anguera J. PMID: 30506301.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Parametric effects of transcranial alternating current stimulation on multitasking performance. Brain Stimul. 2019 Jan - Feb; 12(1):73-83. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 30391202.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Evidence of a Causal Role for mid-Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex Based Functional Networks in Retrieving High-Fidelity Memory. Sci Rep. 2018 10 05; 8(1):14877. Wais PE, Montgomery O, Stark CEL, Gazzaley A. PMID: 30291280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Using Mobile Apps to Assess and Treat Depression in Hispanic and Latino Populations: Fully Remote Randomized Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2018 08 09; 20(8):e10130. Pratap A, Renn BN, Volponi J, Mooney SD, Gazzaley A, Arean PA, Anguera JA. PMID: 30093372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Differential Impact of Interference on Internally- and Externally-Directed Attention. Sci Rep. 2018 02 06; 8(1):2498. Ziegler DA, Janowich JR, Gazzaley A. PMID: 29410407.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Characterizing cognitive and visuomotor control in children with sensory processing dysfunction and autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychology. 2018 02; 32(2):148-160. Brandes-Aitken A, Anguera JA, Rolle CE, Desai SS, Demopoulos C, Skinner SN, Gazzaley A, Marco EJ. PMID: 29376661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Recommendations for the Use of Serious Games in Neurodegenerative Disorders: 2016 Delphi Panel. Front Psychol. 2017; 8:1243. Manera V, Ben-Sadoun G, Aalbers T, Agopyan H, Askenazy F, Benoit M, Bensamoun D, Bourgeois J, Bredin J, Bremond F, Crispim-Junior C, David R, De Schutter B, Ettore E, Fairchild J, Foulon P, Gazzaley A, Gros A, Hun S, Knoefel F, Olde Rikkert M, Phan Tran MK, Politis A, Rigaud AS, Sacco G, Serret S, Thümmler S, Welter ML, Robert P. PMID: 28790945.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    33. Externally controlled involuntary cognitions and their relations with other representations in consciousness. Conscious Cogn. 2017 10; 55:1-10. Cushing D, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 28735212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Enhancing Spatial Attention and Working Memory in Younger and Older Adults. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Sep; 29(9):1483-1497. Rolle CE, Anguera JA, Skinner SN, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28654361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Enhancement of multitasking performance and neural oscillations by transcranial alternating current stimulation. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0178579. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, van Schouwenburg MR, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28562642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Preparatory Encoding of the Fine Scale of Human Spatial Attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Jul; 29(7):1302-1310. Voytek B, Samaha J, Rolle CE, Greenberg Z, Gill N, Porat S, Kader T, Rahman S, Malzyner R, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28294717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Retrieval of high-fidelity memory arises from distributed cortical networks. Neuroimage. 2017 04 01; 149:178-189. Wais PE, Jahanikia S, Steiner D, Stark CEL, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28159685.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Spatial Attention and the Effects of Frontoparietal Alpha Band Stimulation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:658. van Schouwenburg MR, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28174529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    39. The Use and Effectiveness of Mobile Apps for Depression: Results From a Fully Remote Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2016 12 20; 18(12):e330. Arean PA, Hallgren KA, Jordan JT, Gazzaley A, Atkins DC, Heagerty PJ, Anguera JA. PMID: 27998876.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 71     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Predictive cues and age-related declines in working memory performance. Neurobiol Aging. 2017 01; 49:31-39. Padgaonkar NA, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 27736673.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Attentional updating and monitoring and affective shifting are impacted independently by aging in macaque monkeys. Behav Brain Res. 2017 03 30; 322(Pt B):329-338. Gray DT, Smith AC, Burke SN, Gazzaley A, Barnes CA. PMID: 27368416.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Video Games for Neuro-Cognitive Optimization. Neuron. 2016 04 20; 90(2):214-8. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. PMID: 27100194.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Training sensory signal-to-noise resolution in children with ADHD in a global mental health setting. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 12; 6:e781. Mishra J, Sagar R, Joseph AA, Gazzaley A, Merzenich MM. PMID: 27070409.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    44. Involuntary symbol manipulation (Pig Latin) from external control: Implications for thought suppression. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016 May; 166:37-41. Cho H, Zarolia P, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 27043254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    45. Conducting a fully mobile and randomised clinical trial for depression: access, engagement and expense. BMJ Innov. 2016 Jan; 2(1):14-21. Anguera JA, Jordan JT, Castaneda D, Gazzaley A, Areán PA. PMID: 27019745.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    46. Passive frame theory: A new synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e199. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 28355823.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    47. Age-Related Changes in 1/f Neural Electrophysiological Noise. J Neurosci. 2015 Sep 23; 35(38):13257-65. Voytek B, Kramer MA, Case J, Lepage KQ, Tempesta ZR, Knight RT, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26400953.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    48. Cross-species approaches to cognitive neuroplasticity research. Neuroimage. 2016 05 01; 131:4-12. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26348561.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    49. A Cognitive Paradigm to Investigate Interference in Working Memory by Distractions and Interruptions. J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul 16; (101):e52226. Janowich J, Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26273742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e168. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26096599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Neural sources of performance decline during continuous multitasking. Cortex. 2015 Oct; 71:49-57. Al-Hashimi O, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26159323.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Delayed enhancement of multitasking performance: Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on the prefrontal cortex. Cortex. 2015 Aug; 69:175-85. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, Anguera JA, Lin YY, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26073148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Effects of noninvasive brain stimulation on cognitive function in healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurobiol Aging. 2015 Aug; 36(8):2348-59. Hsu WY, Ku Y, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26022770.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 82     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Closed-loop cognition: the next frontier arrives. Trends Cogn Sci. 2015 May; 19(5):242-3. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25818939.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. External control of the stream of consciousness: Stimulus-based effects on involuntary thought sequences. Conscious Cogn. 2015 May; 33:217-25. Merrick C, Farnia M, Jantz TK, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 25636006.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Exploring the Potential of the iPad and Xbox Kinect for Cognitive Science Research. Games Health J. 2015 Jun; 4(3):221-4. Rolle CE, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. PMID: 26182067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Expectations of Task Demands Dissociate Working Memory and Long-Term Memory Systems. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Mar; 26(3):1176-86. Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Karlsson J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25577575.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Closed-loop rehabilitation of age-related cognitive disorders. Semin Neurol. 2014 Nov; 34(5):584-90. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25520029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Flavanol-rich food for thought. Nat Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 17(12):1624-5. Pa J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25413084.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    60. Adaptive training diminishes distractibility in aging across species. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):1091-103. Mishra J, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25467987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    61. Neural plasticity underlying visual perceptual learning in aging. Brain Res. 2015 Jul 01; 1612:140-51. Mishra J, Rolle C, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25218557.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. External distraction impairs categorization performance in older adults. Psychol Aging. 2014 Sep; 29(3):666-71. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25244485.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Age-equivalent top-down modulation during cross-modal selective attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 26(12):2827-39. Guerreiro MJ, Anguera JA, Mishra J, Van Gerven PW, Gazzaley A. PMID: 25010198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Structural and functional differences in medial prefrontal cortex underlie distractibility and suppression deficits in ageing. Nat Commun. 2014 Jun 30; 5:4223. Chadick JZ, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24979364.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    65. Harnessing the neuroplastic potential of the human brain & the future of cognitive rehabilitation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:218. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24782745.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    66. Distractibility during retrieval of long-term memory: domain-general interference, neural networks and increased susceptibility in normal aging. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:280. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24778623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    67. The functional oculomotor network and saccadic cognitive control in healthy elders. Neuroimage. 2014 Jul 15; 95:61-8. Pa J, Dutt S, Mirsky JB, Heuer HW, Keselman P, Kong E, Trujillo A, Gazzaley A, Kramer JH, Seeley WW, Miller BL, Boxer AL. PMID: 24675647.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Subjective aspects of working memory performance: memoranda-related imagery. Conscious Cogn. 2014 Apr; 25:88-100. Jantz TK, Tomory JJ, Merrick C, Cooper S, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 24583457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. A Conversation with Adam Gazzaley. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2014; 79:275-6. Gazzaley A, Narain C. PMID: 26092894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Network dynamics predict improvement in working memory performance following donepezil administration in healthy young adults. Neuroimage. 2014 03; 88:228-41. Reches A, Laufer I, Ziv K, Cukierman G, McEvoy K, Ettinger M, Knight RT, Gazzaley A, Geva AB. PMID: 24269569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Preserved discrimination performance and neural processing during crossmodal attention in aging. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e81894. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24278464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Fronto-parietal network: flexible hub of cognitive control. Trends Cogn Sci. 2013 Dec; 17(12):602-3. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24129332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Rapid functional reorganization in human cortex following neural perturbation. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 09; 33(41):16268-74. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Satris G, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24107958.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Reconciling the influence of task-set switching and motor inhibition processes on stop signal after-effects. Front Psychol. 2013; 4:649. Anguera JA, Lyman K, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24069010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    75. Conscious thoughts from reflex-like processes: a new experimental paradigm for consciousness research. Conscious Cogn. 2013 Dec; 22(4):1318-31. Allen AK, Wilkins K, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 24056177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Reliability measures of functional magnetic resonance imaging in a longitudinal evaluation of mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 01; 84:443-52. Zanto TP, Pa J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24018304.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults. Nature. 2013 Sep 05; 501(7465):97-101. Anguera JA, Boccanfuso J, Rintoul JL, Al-Hashimi O, Faraji F, Janowich J, Kong E, Larraburo Y, Rolle C, Johnston E, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24005416.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 360     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    78. Age-related changes in expectation-based modulation of motion detectability. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e69766. Zanto TP, Sekuler R, Dube C, Gazzaley A. PMID: 23950903.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Anticipatory alpha phase influences visual working memory performance. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 2:794-802. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. PMID: 23891902.
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    80. Comparable mechanisms of working memory interference by auditory and visual motion in youth and aging. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Aug; 51(10):1896-906. Mishra J, Zanto T, Nilakantan A, Gazzaley A. PMID: 23791629.
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    81. Cholinergic enhancement of functional networks in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2013 Jun; 73(6):762-73. Pa J, Berry AS, Compagnone M, Boccanfuso J, Greenhouse I, Rubens MT, Johnson JK, Gazzaley A. PMID: 23447373.
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    82. Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) supports intravenous self-administration in Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rats. Addict Biol. 2013 Sep; 18(5):786-99. Aarde SM, Angrish D, Barlow DJ, Wright MJ, Vandewater SA, Creehan KM, Houseknecht KL, Dickerson TJ, Taffe MA. PMID: 23378322.
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    83. A cognitive framework for understanding and improving interference resolution in the brain. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:351-77. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Ziegler DA, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24309262.
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    84. Representations in working memory yield interference effects found with externally-triggered representations. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2013 Jan; 142(1):127-35. Hubbard J, Rigby T, Godwin CA, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 23277339.
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    85. Prolonged disengagement from attentional capture in normal aging. Psychol Aging. 2013 Mar; 28(1):77-86. Cashdollar N, Fukuda K, Bocklage A, Aurtenetxe S, Vogel EK, Gazzaley A. PMID: 23066799.
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    86. Attention distributed across sensory modalities enhances perceptual performance. J Neurosci. 2012 Aug 29; 32(35):12294-302. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 22933811.
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    87. How to Assess Gaming-Induced Benefits on Attention and Working Memory. Games Health J. 2012 Jun; 1(3):192-198. Mishra J, Bavelier D, Gazzaley A. PMID: 24761314.
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    88. Top-down modulation: bridging selective attention and working memory. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Feb; 16(2):129-35. Gazzaley A, Nobre AC. PMID: 22209601.
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    89. The impact of auditory distraction on retrieval of visual memories. Psychon Bull Rev. 2011 Dec; 18(6):1090-7. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21938641.
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    90. The impact of visual distraction on episodic retrieval in older adults. Brain Res. 2012 Jan 09; 1430:78-85. Wais PE, Martin GM, Gazzaley A. PMID: 22119398.
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    91. Diminished top-down control underlies a visual imagery deficit in normal aging. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):15768-74. Kalkstein J, Checksfield K, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 22049420.
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    92. Can age-associated memory decline be treated? N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 06; 365(14):1346-7. D'Esposito M, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21991958.
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    93. Dissociation of motor and sensory inhibition processes in normal aging. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 123(4):730-40. Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21963321.
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    94. Age-related changes in orienting attention in time. J Neurosci. 2011 Aug 31; 31(35):12461-70. Zanto TP, Pan P, Liu H, Bollinger J, Nobre AC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21880908.
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    95. Distractibility during episodic retrieval is exacerbated by perturbation of left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2012 Mar; 22(3):717-24. Wais PE, Kim OY, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21680847.
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    96. Traditional response interference effects from anticipated action outcomes: a response-effect compatibility paradigm. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2011 Sep; 138(1):106-10. Hubbard J, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. PMID: 21658661.
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    97. Differential coupling of visual cortex with default or frontal-parietal network based on goals. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May 29; 14(7):830-2. Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21623362.
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    98. Deficit in switching between functional brain networks underlies the impact of multitasking on working memory in older adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 26; 108(17):7212-7. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Sabharwal J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21482762.
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    99. Neural indices of improved attentional modulation over middle childhood. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2011 Apr; 1(2):175-86. Wendelken C, Baym CL, Gazzaley A, Bunge SA. PMID: 21516182.
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    100. Causal role of the prefrontal cortex in top-down modulation of visual processing and working memory. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May; 14(5):656-61. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Thangavel A, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21441920.
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    101. An expectation-based memory deficit in aging. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1466-75. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Masangkay E, Kalkstein J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 21272595.
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    102. Alzheimer's disease. Network. 2011; 22(1-4):173-85. Gazzaley A, Small SA. PMID: 22149678.
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    103. Influence of early attentional modulation on working memory. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1410-24. Gazzaley A. PMID: 21184764.
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    104. Expectation-driven changes in cortical functional connectivity influence working memory and long-term memory performance. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 27; 30(43):14399-410. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 20980597.
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    105. The influence of perceptual training on working memory in older adults. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 14; 5(7):e11537. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Hardy JL, Delahunt PB, Mahncke HW, Gazzaley A. PMID: 20644719.
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    106. Neural mechanisms underlying the impact of visual distraction on retrieval of long-term memory. J Neurosci. 2010 Jun 23; 30(25):8541-50. Wais PE, Rubens MT, Boccanfuso J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 20573901.
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    107. Top-down modulation of visual feature processing: the role of the inferior frontal junction. Neuroimage. 2010 Nov 01; 53(2):736-45. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. PMID: 20600999.
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    108. Early top-down control of visual processing predicts working memory performance. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 22(6):1224-34. Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19413473.
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    109. Distinct mechanisms for the impact of distraction and interruption on working memory in aging. Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan; 33(1):134-48. Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 20144492.
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    110. Delays in neural processing during working memory encoding in normal aging. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Jan; 48(1):13-25. Zanto TP, Toy B, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19666036.
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    111. Subjective aspects of cognitive control at different stages of processing. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009 Nov; 71(8):1807-24. Morsella E, Wilson LE, Berger CC, Honhongva M, Gazzaley A, Bargh JA. PMID: 19933564.
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    112. Predictive knowledge of stimulus relevance does not influence top-down suppression of irrelevant information in older adults. Cortex. 2010 Apr; 46(4):564-74. Zanto TP, Hennigan K, Ostberg M, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19744649.
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    113. Mechanisms of working memory disruption by external interference. Cereb Cortex. 2010 Apr; 20(4):859-72. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19648173.
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    114. Practice-related improvement in working memory is modulated by changes in processing external interference. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Sep; 102(3):1779-89. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19587320.
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    115. Clinical-neuroimaging characteristics of dysexecutive mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2009 Apr; 65(4):414-23. Pa J, Boxer A, Chao LL, Gazzaley A, Freeman K, Kramer J, Miller BL, Weiner MW, Neuhaus J, Johnson JK. PMID: 19399879.
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    116. Neural suppression of irrelevant information underlies optimal working memory performance. J Neurosci. 2009 Mar 11; 29(10):3059-66. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. PMID: 19279242.
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    117. The effect of non-visual working memory load on top-down modulation of visual processing. Neuropsychologia. 2009 Jun; 47(7):1637-46. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 19397858.
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    118. Age-related top-down suppression deficit in the early stages of cortical visual memory processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 02; 105(35):13122-6. Gazzaley A, Clapp W, Kelley J, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. PMID: 18765818.
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    119. Dynamic adjustments in prefrontal, hippocampal, and inferior temporal interactions with increasing visual working memory load. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Jul; 18(7):1618-29. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17999985.
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    120. Reducing vascular variability of fMRI data across aging populations using a breathholding task. Hum Brain Mapp. 2007 Sep; 28(9):846-59. Handwerker DA, Gazzaley A, Inglis BA, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17094119.
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    121. Functional interactions between prefrontal and visual association cortex contribute to top-down modulation of visual processing. Cereb Cortex. 2007 Sep; 17 Suppl 1:i125-35. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, Cooney J, Rutman A, Seibert T, Clapp W, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17725995.
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    122. Age-related deficits in component processes of working memory. Neuropsychology. 2007 Sep; 21(5):532-9. Gazzaley A, Sheridan MA, Cooney JW, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17784801.
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    123. Top-down modulation and normal aging. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Feb; 1097:67-83. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17413013.
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    124. Reward modulation of prefrontal and visual association cortex during an incentive working memory task. Brain Res. 2007 Apr 13; 1141:168-77. Krawczyk DC, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 17320835.
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    125. Is the prefrontal cortex necessary for delay task performance? Evidence from lesion and FMRI data. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Mar; 12(2):248-60. D'Esposito M, Cooney JW, Gazzaley A, Gibbs SE, Postle BR. PMID: 16573858.
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    126. Response bias and aging on a recognition memory task. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan; 12(1):1-7. Huh TJ, Kramer JH, Gazzaley A, Delis DC. PMID: 16433938.
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    127. Top-down suppression deficit underlies working memory impairment in normal aging. Nat Neurosci. 2005 Oct; 8(10):1298-300. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. PMID: 16158065.
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    128. Top-down enhancement and suppression of the magnitude and speed of neural activity. J Cogn Neurosci. 2005 Mar; 17(3):507-17. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. PMID: 15814009.
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    129. Functional connectivity during working memory maintenance. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 4(4):580-99. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. PMID: 15849899.
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    130. Measuring functional connectivity during distinct stages of a cognitive task. Neuroimage. 2004 Oct; 23(2):752-63. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 15488425.
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    131. Alterations in the BOLD fMRI signal with ageing and disease: a challenge for neuroimaging. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003 Nov; 4(11):863-72. D'Esposito M, Deouell LY, Gazzaley A. PMID: 14595398.
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    132. The contribution of functional brain imaging to our understanding of cognitive aging. Sci Aging Knowledge Environ. 2003 Jan 29; 2003(4):PE2. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. PMID: 12844554.
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    133. Dendritic spine plasticity in hippocampus. Neuroscience. 2002; 111(4):853-62. Gazzaley A, Kay S, Benson DL. PMID: 12031408.
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    134. Attenuated lesion-induced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) plasticity in the dentate gyrus of aged rats following perforant path lesions. Exp Neurol. 2001 Nov; 172(1):244-9. Adams MM, Gazzaley AH, Morrison JH. PMID: 11681857.
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    135. Preserved number of entorhinal cortex layer II neurons in aged macaque monkeys. Neurobiol Aging. 1997 Sep-Oct; 18(5):549-53. Gazzaley AH, Thakker MM, Hof PR, Morrison JH. PMID: 9390783.
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    136. Differential subcellular regulation of NMDAR1 protein and mRNA in dendrites of dentate gyrus granule cells after perforant path transection. J Neurosci. 1997 Mar 15; 17(6):2006-17. Gazzaley AH, Benson DL, Huntley GW, Morrison JH. PMID: 9045729.
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    137. Synaptic distribution of the AMPA-GluR2 subunit and its colocalization with calcium-binding proteins in rat cerebral cortex: an immunohistochemical study using a GluR2-specific monoclonal antibody. Exp Neurol. 1996 Dec; 142(2):296-312. Vissavajjhala P, Janssen WG, Hu Y, Gazzaley AH, Moran T, Hof PR, Morrison JH. PMID: 8934561.
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    138. Differential regulation of NMDAR1 mRNA and protein by estradiol in the rat hippocampus. J Neurosci. 1996 Nov 01; 16(21):6830-8. Gazzaley AH, Weiland NG, McEwen BS, Morrison JH. PMID: 8824322.
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    139. Circuit-specific alterations of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 1 in the dentate gyrus of aged monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 02; 93(7):3121-5. Gazzaley AH, Siegel SJ, Kordower JH, Mufson EJ, Morrison JH. PMID: 8610179.
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