Loading...

Adam Gazzaley, MD, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-476-2162
vCardDownload vCard
    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences


    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Adam Gazzaley obtained an M.D. and a Ph.D. in Neuroscience at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, completed Neurology residency at the University of Pennsylvania, and postdoctoral training in cognitive neuroscience at University of California, Berkeley. He is currently The David Dolby Distinguished Professor of Neurology, Physiology and Psychiatry at University of California, San Francisco and the Founder & Executive Director of Neuroscape, a translational neuroscience center engaged in technology creation and scientific research. At Neuroscape, he leads the design and development of novel brain assessment and cognitive optimization technologies to advance education, wellness, and medicine practices. Neuroscape’s novel approach involves the development of custom-designed, closed-loop video games integrated with the latest advancements in software and hardware (virtual/augmented reality, motion capture, mobile physiological recording devices, transcranial electrical brain stimulation). These technologies are then advanced to rigorous, placebo-controlled research studies that evaluate their impact on cognition, as well as the neural mechanisms of these effects using a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

    Dr. Gazzaley is also co-founder and Chief Science Advisor of Akili Interactive, a company developing therapeutic video games, and co-founder and Chief Scientist of JAZZ Venture Partners, a venture capital firm investing in experiential technology to improve human performance. He has been a scientific advisor for over a dozen companies including Apple, GE, Nielsen, Deloitte, Magic Leap, and the VOID, as well as serving on the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Dr. Gazzaley has filed multiple patents for his inventions, authored over 130 scientific articles, and delivered over 600 invited presentations around the world. His research and perspectives have been consistently profiled in high-impact media, such as The New York Times, New York Times Magazine, New Yorker, Wall Street Journal, TIME, Discover, Wired, PBS, NPR, CNN and NBC Nightly News. He wrote and hosted the nationally-televised PBS special “The Distracted Mind with Dr. Adam Gazzaley”, and co-authored the 2016 MIT Press book “The Distracted Mind: Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World”, winner of the 2017 PROSE Award in the category of Biomedicine and Neuroscience. Dr. Gazzaley has received many awards and honors, including the 2015 Society for Neuroscience – Science Educator Award.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Enhancing cognitive control abilities using mobile technology in a senior living community
    NIH/NIA R21AG058896Feb 1, 2019 - Nov 30, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Enhancing cognitive control in amnestic mild cognitive impairment via non-invasive brain stimulation
    NIH/NIA R21AG062395Sep 15, 2018 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Cushing D, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Involuntary mental rotation and visuospatial imagery from external control. Conscious Cogn. 2019 Sep 12; 75:102809. PMID: 31522028.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ziegler DA, Simon AJ, Gallen CL, Skinner S, Janowich JR, Volponi JJ, Rolle CE, Mishra J, Kornfield J, Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. Closed-loop digital meditation improves sustained attention in young adults. Nat Hum Behav. 2019 Jul; 3(7):746-757. PMID: 31160812.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Brandes-Aitken A, Anguera JA, Chang YS, Demopoulos C, Owen JP, Gazzaley A, Mukherjee P, Marco EJ. White Matter Microstructure Associations of Cognitive and Visuomotor Control in Children: A Sensory Processing Perspective. Front Integr Neurosci. 2018; 12:65. PMID: 30692921.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Aging of the frontal lobe. Handb Clin Neurol. 2019; 163:369-389. PMID: 31590742.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Bove RM, Rush G, Zhao C, Rowles W, Garcha P, Morrissey J, Schembri A, Alailima T, Langdon D, Possin K, Gazzaley A, Feinstein A, Anguera J. A Videogame-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Processing Speed in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Feasibility Study. Neurol Ther. 2019 Jun; 8(1):135-145. PMID: 30506301.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Parametric effects of transcranial alternating current stimulation on multitasking performance. Brain Stimul. 2019 Jan - Feb; 12(1):73-83. PMID: 30391202.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Wais PE, Montgomery O, Stark CEL, Gazzaley A. Evidence of a Causal Role for mid-Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex Based Functional Networks in Retrieving High-Fidelity Memory. Sci Rep. 2018 10 05; 8(1):14877. PMID: 30291280.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Pratap A, Renn BN, Volponi J, Mooney SD, Gazzaley A, Arean PA, Anguera JA. Using Mobile Apps to Assess and Treat Depression in Hispanic and Latino Populations: Fully Remote Randomized Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2018 08 09; 20(8):e10130. PMID: 30093372.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ziegler DA, Janowich JR, Gazzaley A. Differential Impact of Interference on Internally- and Externally-Directed Attention. Sci Rep. 2018 02 06; 8(1):2498. PMID: 29410407.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Brandes-Aitken A, Anguera JA, Rolle CE, Desai SS, Demopoulos C, Skinner SN, Gazzaley A, Marco EJ. Characterizing cognitive and visuomotor control in children with sensory processing dysfunction and autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychology. 2018 02; 32(2):148-160. PMID: 29376661.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Manera V, Ben-Sadoun G, Aalbers T, Agopyan H, Askenazy F, Benoit M, Bensamoun D, Bourgeois J, Bredin J, Bremond F, Crispim-Junior C, David R, De Schutter B, Ettore E, Fairchild J, Foulon P, Gazzaley A, Gros A, Hun S, Knoefel F, Olde Rikkert M, Phan Tran MK, Politis A, Rigaud AS, Sacco G, Serret S, Thümmler S, Welter ML, Robert P. Recommendations for the Use of Serious Games in Neurodegenerative Disorders: 2016 Delphi Panel. Front Psychol. 2017; 8:1243. PMID: 28790945.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Cushing D, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Externally controlled involuntary cognitions and their relations with other representations in consciousness. Conscious Cogn. 2017 10; 55:1-10. PMID: 28735212.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Rolle CE, Anguera JA, Skinner SN, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Enhancing Spatial Attention and Working Memory in Younger and Older Adults. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Sep; 29(9):1483-1497. PMID: 28654361.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, van Schouwenburg MR, Gazzaley A. Enhancement of multitasking performance and neural oscillations by transcranial alternating current stimulation. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0178579. PMID: 28562642.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Voytek B, Samaha J, Rolle CE, Greenberg Z, Gill N, Porat S, Kader T, Rahman S, Malzyner R, Gazzaley A. Preparatory Encoding of the Fine Scale of Human Spatial Attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Jul; 29(7):1302-1310. PMID: 28294717.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Wais PE, Jahanikia S, Steiner D, Stark CEL, Gazzaley A. Retrieval of high-fidelity memory arises from distributed cortical networks. Neuroimage. 2017 04 01; 149:178-189. PMID: 28159685.
      View in: PubMed
    17. van Schouwenburg MR, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Spatial Attention and the Effects of Frontoparietal Alpha Band Stimulation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:658. PMID: 28174529.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Arean PA, Hallgren KA, Jordan JT, Gazzaley A, Atkins DC, Heagerty PJ, Anguera JA. The Use and Effectiveness of Mobile Apps for Depression: Results From a Fully Remote Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2016 12 20; 18(12):e330. PMID: 27998876.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Padgaonkar NA, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Predictive cues and age-related declines in working memory performance. Neurobiol Aging. 2017 01; 49:31-39. PMID: 27736673.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Gray DT, Smith AC, Burke SN, Gazzaley A, Barnes CA. Attentional updating and monitoring and affective shifting are impacted independently by aging in macaque monkeys. Behav Brain Res. 2017 03 30; 322(Pt B):329-338. PMID: 27368416.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. Video Games for Neuro-Cognitive Optimization. Neuron. 2016 04 20; 90(2):214-8. PMID: 27100194.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Mishra J, Sagar R, Joseph AA, Gazzaley A, Merzenich MM. Training sensory signal-to-noise resolution in children with ADHD in a global mental health setting. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 12; 6:e781. PMID: 27070409.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Cho H, Zarolia P, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Involuntary symbol manipulation (Pig Latin) from external control: Implications for thought suppression. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016 May; 166:37-41. PMID: 27043254.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. Passive frame theory: A new synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e199. PMID: 28355823.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Anguera JA, Jordan JT, Castaneda D, Gazzaley A, Areán PA. Conducting a fully mobile and randomised clinical trial for depression: access, engagement and expense. BMJ Innov. 2016 Jan; 2(1):14-21. PMID: 27019745.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Voytek B, Kramer MA, Case J, Lepage KQ, Tempesta ZR, Knight RT, Gazzaley A. Age-Related Changes in 1/f Neural Electrophysiological Noise. J Neurosci. 2015 Sep 23; 35(38):13257-65. PMID: 26400953.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Cross-species approaches to cognitive neuroplasticity research. Neuroimage. 2016 05 01; 131:4-12. PMID: 26348561.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Janowich J, Mishra J, Gazzaley A. A Cognitive Paradigm to Investigate Interference in Working Memory by Distractions and Interruptions. J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul 16; (101):e52226. PMID: 26273742.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e168. PMID: 26096599.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Al-Hashimi O, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Neural sources of performance decline during continuous multitasking. Cortex. 2015 Oct; 71:49-57. PMID: 26159323.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, Anguera JA, Lin YY, Gazzaley A. Delayed enhancement of multitasking performance: Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on the prefrontal cortex. Cortex. 2015 Aug; 69:175-85. PMID: 26073148.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Hsu WY, Ku Y, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Effects of noninvasive brain stimulation on cognitive function in healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurobiol Aging. 2015 Aug; 36(8):2348-59. PMID: 26022770.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Closed-loop cognition: the next frontier arrives. Trends Cogn Sci. 2015 May; 19(5):242-3. PMID: 25818939.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Merrick C, Farnia M, Jantz TK, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. External control of the stream of consciousness: Stimulus-based effects on involuntary thought sequences. Conscious Cogn. 2015 May; 33:217-25. PMID: 25636006.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Rolle CE, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Exploring the Potential of the iPad and Xbox Kinect for Cognitive Science Research. Games Health J. 2015 Jun; 4(3):221-4. PMID: 26182067.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Karlsson J, Gazzaley A. Expectations of Task Demands Dissociate Working Memory and Long-Term Memory Systems. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Mar; 26(3):1176-86. PMID: 25577575.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Closed-loop rehabilitation of age-related cognitive disorders. Semin Neurol. 2014 Nov; 34(5):584-90. PMID: 25520029.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Pa J, Gazzaley A. Flavanol-rich food for thought. Nat Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 17(12):1624-5. PMID: 25413084.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Mishra J, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Gazzaley A. Adaptive training diminishes distractibility in aging across species. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):1091-103. PMID: 25467987.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Mishra J, Rolle C, Gazzaley A. Neural plasticity underlying visual perceptual learning in aging. Brain Res. 2015 Jul 01; 1612:140-51. PMID: 25218557.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. External distraction impairs categorization performance in older adults. Psychol Aging. 2014 Sep; 29(3):666-71. PMID: 25244485.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Guerreiro MJ, Anguera JA, Mishra J, Van Gerven PW, Gazzaley A. Age-equivalent top-down modulation during cross-modal selective attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 26(12):2827-39. PMID: 25010198.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Chadick JZ, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Structural and functional differences in medial prefrontal cortex underlie distractibility and suppression deficits in ageing. Nat Commun. 2014 Jun 30; 5:4223. PMID: 24979364.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Harnessing the neuroplastic potential of the human brain & the future of cognitive rehabilitation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:218. PMID: 24782745.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. Distractibility during retrieval of long-term memory: domain-general interference, neural networks and increased susceptibility in normal aging. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:280. PMID: 24778623.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Pa J, Dutt S, Mirsky JB, Heuer HW, Keselman P, Kong E, Trujillo A, Gazzaley A, Kramer JH, Seeley WW, Miller BL, Boxer AL. The functional oculomotor network and saccadic cognitive control in healthy elders. Neuroimage. 2014 Jul 15; 95:61-8. PMID: 24675647.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Jantz TK, Tomory JJ, Merrick C, Cooper S, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Subjective aspects of working memory performance: memoranda-related imagery. Conscious Cogn. 2014 Apr; 25:88-100. PMID: 24583457.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Gazzaley A, Narain C. A Conversation with Adam Gazzaley. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2014; 79:275-6. PMID: 26092894.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Preserved discrimination performance and neural processing during crossmodal attention in aging. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e81894. PMID: 24278464.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Fronto-parietal network: flexible hub of cognitive control. Trends Cogn Sci. 2013 Dec; 17(12):602-3. PMID: 24129332.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Satris G, Gazzaley A. Rapid functional reorganization in human cortex following neural perturbation. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 09; 33(41):16268-74. PMID: 24107958.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Anguera JA, Lyman K, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Reconciling the influence of task-set switching and motor inhibition processes on stop signal after-effects. Front Psychol. 2013; 4:649. PMID: 24069010.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Allen AK, Wilkins K, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Conscious thoughts from reflex-like processes: a new experimental paradigm for consciousness research. Conscious Cogn. 2013 Dec; 22(4):1318-31. PMID: 24056177.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Zanto TP, Pa J, Gazzaley A. Reliability measures of functional magnetic resonance imaging in a longitudinal evaluation of mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 01; 84:443-52. PMID: 24018304.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Anguera JA, Boccanfuso J, Rintoul JL, Al-Hashimi O, Faraji F, Janowich J, Kong E, Larraburo Y, Rolle C, Johnston E, Gazzaley A. Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults. Nature. 2013 Sep 05; 501(7465):97-101. PMID: 24005416.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Zanto TP, Sekuler R, Dube C, Gazzaley A. Age-related changes in expectation-based modulation of motion detectability. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e69766. PMID: 23950903.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Anticipatory alpha phase influences visual working memory performance. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 2:794-802. PMID: 23891902.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Mishra J, Zanto T, Nilakantan A, Gazzaley A. Comparable mechanisms of working memory interference by auditory and visual motion in youth and aging. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Aug; 51(10):1896-906. PMID: 23791629.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Pa J, Berry AS, Compagnone M, Boccanfuso J, Greenhouse I, Rubens MT, Johnson JK, Gazzaley A. Cholinergic enhancement of functional networks in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2013 Jun; 73(6):762-73. PMID: 23447373.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Ziegler DA, Gazzaley A. A cognitive framework for understanding and improving interference resolution in the brain. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:351-77. PMID: 24309262.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Stimulating the aging brain. Ann Neurol. 2013 Jan; 73(1):1-3. PMID: 23378322.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Hubbard J, Rigby T, Godwin CA, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Representations in working memory yield interference effects found with externally-triggered representations. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2013 Jan; 142(1):127-35. PMID: 23277339.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Cashdollar N, Fukuda K, Bocklage A, Aurtenetxe S, Vogel EK, Gazzaley A. Prolonged disengagement from attentional capture in normal aging. Psychol Aging. 2013 Mar; 28(1):77-86. PMID: 23066799.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Attention distributed across sensory modalities enhances perceptual performance. J Neurosci. 2012 Aug 29; 32(35):12294-302. PMID: 22933811.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Mishra J, Bavelier D, Gazzaley A. How to Assess Gaming-Induced Benefits on Attention and Working Memory. Games Health J. 2012 Jun; 1(3):192-198. PMID: 24761314.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Gazzaley A, Nobre AC. Top-down modulation: bridging selective attention and working memory. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Feb; 16(2):129-35. PMID: 22209601.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. The impact of auditory distraction on retrieval of visual memories. Psychon Bull Rev. 2011 Dec; 18(6):1090-7. PMID: 21938641.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Wais PE, Martin GM, Gazzaley A. The impact of visual distraction on episodic retrieval in older adults. Brain Res. 2012 Jan 09; 1430:78-85. PMID: 22119398.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Kalkstein J, Checksfield K, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Diminished top-down control underlies a visual imagery deficit in normal aging. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):15768-74. PMID: 22049420.
      View in: PubMed
    70. D'Esposito M, Gazzaley A. Can age-associated memory decline be treated? N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 06; 365(14):1346-7. PMID: 21991958.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. Dissociation of motor and sensory inhibition processes in normal aging. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 123(4):730-40. PMID: 21963321.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Zanto TP, Pan P, Liu H, Bollinger J, Nobre AC, Gazzaley A. Age-related changes in orienting attention in time. J Neurosci. 2011 Aug 31; 31(35):12461-70. PMID: 21880908.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Wais PE, Kim OY, Gazzaley A. Distractibility during episodic retrieval is exacerbated by perturbation of left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2012 Mar; 22(3):717-24. PMID: 21680847.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Hubbard J, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Traditional response interference effects from anticipated action outcomes: a response-effect compatibility paradigm. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2011 Sep; 138(1):106-10. PMID: 21658661.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Differential coupling of visual cortex with default or frontal-parietal network based on goals. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May 29; 14(7):830-2. PMID: 21623362.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Sabharwal J, Gazzaley A. Deficit in switching between functional brain networks underlies the impact of multitasking on working memory in older adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 26; 108(17):7212-7. PMID: 21482762.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Wendelken C, Baym CL, Gazzaley A, Bunge SA. Neural indices of improved attentional modulation over middle childhood. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2011 Apr; 1(2):175-86. PMID: 21516182.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Thangavel A, Gazzaley A. Causal role of the prefrontal cortex in top-down modulation of visual processing and working memory. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May; 14(5):656-61. PMID: 21441920.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Masangkay E, Kalkstein J, Gazzaley A. An expectation-based memory deficit in aging. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1466-75. PMID: 21272595.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Gazzaley A, Small SA. Alzheimer's disease. Network. 2011; 22(1-4):173-85. PMID: 22149678.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Gazzaley A. Influence of early attentional modulation on working memory. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1410-24. PMID: 21184764.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Expectation-driven changes in cortical functional connectivity influence working memory and long-term memory performance. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 27; 30(43):14399-410. PMID: 20980597.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Hardy JL, Delahunt PB, Mahncke HW, Gazzaley A. The influence of perceptual training on working memory in older adults. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 14; 5(7):e11537. PMID: 20644719.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Wais PE, Rubens MT, Boccanfuso J, Gazzaley A. Neural mechanisms underlying the impact of visual distraction on retrieval of long-term memory. J Neurosci. 2010 Jun 23; 30(25):8541-50. PMID: 20573901.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Top-down modulation of visual feature processing: the role of the inferior frontal junction. Neuroimage. 2010 Nov 01; 53(2):736-45. PMID: 20600999.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Early top-down control of visual processing predicts working memory performance. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 22(6):1224-34. PMID: 19413473.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Distinct mechanisms for the impact of distraction and interruption on working memory in aging. Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan; 33(1):134-48. PMID: 20144492.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Zanto TP, Toy B, Gazzaley A. Delays in neural processing during working memory encoding in normal aging. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Jan; 48(1):13-25. PMID: 19666036.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Morsella E, Wilson LE, Berger CC, Honhongva M, Gazzaley A, Bargh JA. Subjective aspects of cognitive control at different stages of processing. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009 Nov; 71(8):1807-24. PMID: 19933564.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Zanto TP, Hennigan K, Ostberg M, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Predictive knowledge of stimulus relevance does not influence top-down suppression of irrelevant information in older adults. Cortex. 2010 Apr; 46(4):564-74. PMID: 19744649.
      View in: PubMed
    91. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Gazzaley A. Mechanisms of working memory disruption by external interference. Cereb Cortex. 2010 Apr; 20(4):859-72. PMID: 19648173.
      View in: PubMed
    92. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Practice-related improvement in working memory is modulated by changes in processing external interference. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Sep; 102(3):1779-89. PMID: 19587320.
      View in: PubMed
    93. Pa J, Boxer A, Chao LL, Gazzaley A, Freeman K, Kramer J, Miller BL, Weiner MW, Neuhaus J, Johnson JK. Clinical-neuroimaging characteristics of dysexecutive mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2009 Apr; 65(4):414-23. PMID: 19399879.
      View in: PubMed
    94. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Neural suppression of irrelevant information underlies optimal working memory performance. J Neurosci. 2009 Mar 11; 29(10):3059-66. PMID: 19279242.
      View in: PubMed
    95. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. The effect of non-visual working memory load on top-down modulation of visual processing. Neuropsychologia. 2009 Jun; 47(7):1637-46. PMID: 19397858.
      View in: PubMed
    96. Gazzaley A, Clapp W, Kelley J, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. Age-related top-down suppression deficit in the early stages of cortical visual memory processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 02; 105(35):13122-6. PMID: 18765818.
      View in: PubMed
    97. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Dynamic adjustments in prefrontal, hippocampal, and inferior temporal interactions with increasing visual working memory load. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Jul; 18(7):1618-29. PMID: 17999985.
      View in: PubMed
    98. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, Cooney J, Rutman A, Seibert T, Clapp W, D'Esposito M. Functional interactions between prefrontal and visual association cortex contribute to top-down modulation of visual processing. Cereb Cortex. 2007 Sep; 17 Suppl 1:i125-35. PMID: 17725995.
      View in: PubMed
    99. Gazzaley A, Sheridan MA, Cooney JW, D'Esposito M. Age-related deficits in component processes of working memory. Neuropsychology. 2007 Sep; 21(5):532-9. PMID: 17784801.
      View in: PubMed
    100. Handwerker DA, Gazzaley A, Inglis BA, D'Esposito M. Reducing vascular variability of fMRI data across aging populations using a breathholding task. Hum Brain Mapp. 2007 Sep; 28(9):846-59. PMID: 17094119.
      View in: PubMed
    101. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Top-down modulation and normal aging. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Feb; 1097:67-83. PMID: 17413013.
      View in: PubMed
    102. Krawczyk DC, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Reward modulation of prefrontal and visual association cortex during an incentive working memory task. Brain Res. 2007 Apr 13; 1141:168-77. PMID: 17320835.
      View in: PubMed
    103. D'Esposito M, Cooney JW, Gazzaley A, Gibbs SE, Postle BR. Is the prefrontal cortex necessary for delay task performance? Evidence from lesion and FMRI data. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Mar; 12(2):248-60. PMID: 16573858.
      View in: PubMed
    104. Huh TJ, Kramer JH, Gazzaley A, Delis DC. Response bias and aging on a recognition memory task. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan; 12(1):1-7. PMID: 16433938.
      View in: PubMed
    105. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. Top-down suppression deficit underlies working memory impairment in normal aging. Nat Neurosci. 2005 Oct; 8(10):1298-300. PMID: 16158065.
      View in: PubMed
    106. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. Top-down enhancement and suppression of the magnitude and speed of neural activity. J Cogn Neurosci. 2005 Mar; 17(3):507-17. PMID: 15814009.
      View in: PubMed
    107. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. Functional connectivity during working memory maintenance. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 4(4):580-99. PMID: 15849899.
      View in: PubMed
    108. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Measuring functional connectivity during distinct stages of a cognitive task. Neuroimage. 2004 Oct; 23(2):752-63. PMID: 15488425.
      View in: PubMed
    109. D'Esposito M, Deouell LY, Gazzaley A. Alterations in the BOLD fMRI signal with ageing and disease: a challenge for neuroimaging. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003 Nov; 4(11):863-72. PMID: 14595398.
      View in: PubMed
    110. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. The contribution of functional brain imaging to our understanding of cognitive aging. Sci Aging Knowledge Environ. 2003 Jan 29; 2003(4):PE2. PMID: 12844554.
      View in: PubMed
    111. Gazzaley A, Kay S, Benson DL. Dendritic spine plasticity in hippocampus. Neuroscience. 2002; 111(4):853-62. PMID: 12031408.
      View in: PubMed
    112. Adams MM, Gazzaley AH, Morrison JH. Attenuated lesion-induced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) plasticity in the dentate gyrus of aged rats following perforant path lesions. Exp Neurol. 2001 Nov; 172(1):244-9. PMID: 11681857.
      View in: PubMed
    113. Gazzaley AH, Thakker MM, Hof PR, Morrison JH. Preserved number of entorhinal cortex layer II neurons in aged macaque monkeys. Neurobiol Aging. 1997 Sep-Oct; 18(5):549-53. PMID: 9390783.
      View in: PubMed
    114. Gazzaley AH, Benson DL, Huntley GW, Morrison JH. Differential subcellular regulation of NMDAR1 protein and mRNA in dendrites of dentate gyrus granule cells after perforant path transection. J Neurosci. 1997 Mar 15; 17(6):2006-17. PMID: 9045729.
      View in: PubMed
    115. Vissavajjhala P, Janssen WG, Hu Y, Gazzaley AH, Moran T, Hof PR, Morrison JH. Synaptic distribution of the AMPA-GluR2 subunit and its colocalization with calcium-binding proteins in rat cerebral cortex: an immunohistochemical study using a GluR2-specific monoclonal antibody. Exp Neurol. 1996 Dec; 142(2):296-312. PMID: 8934561.
      View in: PubMed
    116. Morrison JH, Gazzaley AH. Age-related alterations of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the dentate gyrus. Mol Psychiatry. 1996 Nov; 1(5):356-8. PMID: 9154225.
      View in: PubMed
    117. Gazzaley AH, Weiland NG, McEwen BS, Morrison JH. Differential regulation of NMDAR1 mRNA and protein by estradiol in the rat hippocampus. J Neurosci. 1996 Nov 01; 16(21):6830-8. PMID: 8824322.
      View in: PubMed
    118. Gazzaley AH, Siegel SJ, Kordower JH, Mufson EJ, Morrison JH. Circuit-specific alterations of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 1 in the dentate gyrus of aged monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 02; 93(7):3121-5. PMID: 8610179.
      View in: PubMed