Christoph Schreiner, MD, PhD

InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
Address675 Nelson Rising Lane
San Francisco CA 94158
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral StudiesGraduate Division
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Research and Development Council of New Jersey 2000Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Christoph E. Schreiner, MD, PhD, is Professor and Vice Chairman in the Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) at the University of California, San Francisco. He received his master degree and PhD degree, both in physics, from Georgia-Augusta-Universität, Göttingen, Germany. Dr. Schreiner completed a medical degree from Georgia-Augusta-Universität Göttingen, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany, followed by an ONHS research fellowship at UCSF.

    Dr. Schreiner’s research focuses on understanding of the functional organization of central auditory stations of the mammalian brain. He is mainly interested in the role of the auditory forebrain (medial geniculate body and auditory cortex) in the encoding of complex auditory signals - such as speech and communication signals - in normal and hearing-impaired models. By combining physiological, neuroanatomical, and computational approaches, Dr. Schreiner and his colleagues attempt to provide a better understanding of the cortical processing of complex sounds and its contribution to sound perception.

    Dr. Schreiner is a member of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, the Society for Neuroscience, the American Physiological Society, and the Acoustical Society of America. He has published over 140 reviewed articles, and he has also contributed to over 50 book chapters. His work has been cited by more than 15,000 times by the scientific community.

    Basic and translational research

    Central auditory nervous processing of sounds

    Professional Interests:
    Physiology of the mammalian central auditory system, cortical plasticity, speech and communication, neuroanatomical foundation of auditory forebrain, hearing loss and tinnitus, dyslexia, physiological substrates of auditory perception, computational neuroscience of audition

    Education and Training:
    • PhD: Georgia-Augusta-Universität Göttingen, Germany
    • Medical School: Georgia-Augusta-Universität Göttingen, Germany
    • Post-doctoral Fellowship: University of California, San Francisco - OHNS

    Awards and Honors:
    • 2000 Research and Development Council of New Jersey - Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Variation as a Neural Code
    NIH/NIMH P50MH077970Sep 8, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Cortical Plasticity Systems
    NIH P01NS034835May 1, 1997 - Apr 30, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Functional Organization of Primary Auditory Cortex
    NIH/NIDCD R01DC002260Aug 1, 1995 - Nov 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    High Performance Computing for Biomedical Research
    NIH P41RR006009Sep 1, 1990 - Jul 31, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH/NINDS R01NS010414Jul 1, 1978 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. See JZ, Atencio CA, Sohal VS, Schreiner C. Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns. Elife. 2018 Jun 05; 7. PMID: 29869986.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Cai D, Han R, Liu M, Xie F, You L, Zheng Y, Zhao L, Yao J, Wang Y, Yue Y, Schreiner C, Yuan K. A Critical Role of Inhibition in Temporal Processing Maturation in the Primary Auditory Cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2018 May 01; 28(5):1610-1624. PMID: 28334383.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Pla R, Stanco A, Howard MA, Rubin AN, Vogt D, Mortimer N, Cobos I, Potter GB, Lindtner S, Price JD, Nord AS, Visel A, Schreiner C, Baraban SC, Rowitch DH, Rubenstein JLR. Dlx1 and Dlx2 Promote Interneuron GABA Synthesis, Synaptogenesis, and Dendritogenesis. Cereb Cortex. 2017 Sep 28; 1-19. PMID: 29028947.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Phillips EAK, Schreiner C, Hasenstaub AR. Cortical Interneurons Differentially Regulate the Effects of Acoustic Context. Cell Rep. 2017 Jul 25; 20(4):771-778. PMID: 28746863.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Phillips EAK, Schreiner C, Hasenstaub AR. Diverse effects of stimulus history in waking mouse auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2017 Aug 01; 118(2):1376-1393. PMID: 28566458.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Cheung SW, Atencio CA, Levy ERJ, Froemke RC, Schreiner C. Anisomorphic cortical reorganization in asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss. J Neurophysiol. 2017 Aug 01; 118(2):932-948. PMID: 28515283.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Malone BJ, Heiser MA, Beitel RE, Schreiner C. Background noise exerts diverse effects on the cortical encoding of foreground sounds. J Neurophysiol. 2017 Aug 01; 118(2):1034-1054. PMID: 28490644.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Vollmer M, Beitel RE, Schreiner C, Leake PA. Passive stimulation and behavioral training differentially transform temporal processing in the inferior colliculus and primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2017 Jan 01; 117(1):47-64. PMID: 27733594.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Atencio CA, Shen V, Schreiner C. Synchrony, connectivity, and functional similarity in auditory midbrain local circuits. Neuroscience. 2016 Oct 29; 335:30-53. PMID: 27544405.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Teschner MJ, Seybold BA, Malone BJ, Hüning J, Schreiner C. Effects of Signal-to-Noise Ratio on Auditory Cortical Frequency Processing. J Neurosci. 2016 Mar 02; 36(9):2743-56. PMID: 26937012; PMCID: PMC4879216.
    11. Hullett PW, Hamilton LS, Mesgarani N, Schreiner C, Chang EF. Human Superior Temporal Gyrus Organization of Spectrotemporal Modulation Tuning Derived from Speech Stimuli. J Neurosci. 2016 Feb 10; 36(6):2014-26. PMID: 26865624; PMCID: PMC4748082.
    12. Froemke RC, Schreiner C. Synaptic plasticity as a cortical coding scheme. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2015 Dec; 35:185-99. PMID: 26497430; PMCID: PMC4641776 [Available on 12/01/16].
    13. Seybold BA, Phillips EAK, Schreiner C, Hasenstaub AR. Inhibitory Actions Unified by Network Integration. Neuron. 2015 Sep 23; 87(6):1181-1192. PMID: 26402602; PMCID: PMC4635400.
    14. Malone BJ, Beitel RE, Vollmer M, Heiser MA, Schreiner C. Modulation-frequency-specific adaptation in awake auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 15; 35(15):5904-16. PMID: 25878263; PMCID: PMC4397592.
    15. Schreiner C, Malone BJ. Representation of loudness in the auditory cortex. Handb Clin Neurol. 2015; 129:73-84. PMID: 25726263.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Zhu X, Liu X, Wei F, Wang F, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C, Sun X, Zhou X. Perceptual Training Restores Impaired Cortical Temporal Processing Due to Lead Exposure. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jan; 26(1):334-345. PMID: 25405943.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Schreiner C, Polley DB. Auditory map plasticity: diversity in causes and consequences. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014 Feb; 24(1):143-56. PMID: 24492090; PMCID: PMC4206409.
    18. Atencio CA, Shih JY, Schreiner C, Cheung SW. Primary auditory cortical responses to electrical stimulation of the thalamus. J Neurophysiol. 2014 Mar; 111(5):1077-87. PMID: 24335216; PMCID: PMC3949229.
    19. Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Auditory cortical local subnetworks are characterized by sharply synchronous activity. J Neurosci. 2013 Nov 20; 33(47):18503-14. PMID: 24259573; PMCID: PMC3834056.
    20. Malone BJ, Beitel RE, Vollmer M, Heiser MA, Schreiner C. Spectral context affects temporal processing in awake auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2013 May 29; 33(22):9431-50. PMID: 23719811; PMCID: PMC3829847.
    21. Froemke RC, Carcea I, Barker AJ, Yuan K, Seybold BA, Martins AR, Zaika N, Bernstein H, Wachs M, Levis PA, Polley DB, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C. Long-term modification of cortical synapses improves sensory perception. Nat Neurosci. 2013 Jan; 16(1):79-88. PMID: 23178974; PMCID: PMC3711827.
    22. Seybold BA, Stanco A, Cho KK, Potter GB, Kim C, Sohal VS, Rubenstein JL, Schreiner C. Chronic reduction in inhibition reduces receptive field size in mouse auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 21; 109(34):13829-34. PMID: 22753490; PMCID: PMC3427089.
    23. Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Spectrotemporal processing in spectral tuning modules of cat primary auditory cortex. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e31537. PMID: 22384036; PMCID: PMC3288040.
    24. Atencio CA, Sharpee TO, Schreiner C. Receptive field dimensionality increases from the auditory midbrain to cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2012 May; 107(10):2594-603. PMID: 22323634; PMCID: PMC3362274.
    25. Yuan K, Shih JY, Winer JA, Schreiner C. Functional networks of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in cat auditory cortex. J Neurosci. 2011 Sep 14; 31(37):13333-42. PMID: 21917816; PMCID: PMC3181135.
    26. Sharpee TO, Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Hierarchical representations in the auditory cortex. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2011 Oct; 21(5):761-7. PMID: 21704508; PMCID: PMC3223290.
    27. Beitel RE, Vollmer M, Raggio MW, Schreiner C. Behavioral training enhances cortical temporal processing in neonatally deafened juvenile cats. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 106(2):944-59. PMID: 21543753.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Imaizumi K, Priebe NJ, Cheung SW, Schreiner C. Spatial organization of repetition rate processing in cat anterior auditory field. Hear Res. 2011 Oct; 280(1-2):70-81. PMID: 21569829; PMCID: PMC3175013.
    29. Shih JY, Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Improved stimulus representation by short interspike intervals in primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Apr; 105(4):1908-17. PMID: 21307320; PMCID: PMC3075280.
    30. Owen WG, Larue DT, Schreiner C. In memoriam: Jeffery Allan Winer, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology, UC Berkeley, 1945-2008. Hear Res. 2011 Apr; 274(1-2):3-4. PMID: 21223997.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Schreiner C, Cant NB. A tribute to Jeffery A. Winer. Hear Res. 2011 Apr; 274(1-2):1-2. PMID: 21194561.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Read HL, Nauen DW, Escabí MA, Miller LM, Schreiner C, Winer JA. Distinct core thalamocortical pathways to central and dorsal primary auditory cortex. Hear Res. 2011 Apr; 274(1-2):95-104. PMID: 21145383; PMCID: PMC3275343.
    33. Imaizumi K, Priebe NJ, Sharpee TO, Cheung SW, Schreiner C. Encoding of temporal information by timing, rate, and place in cat auditory cortex. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 19; 5(7):e11531. PMID: 20657832; PMCID: PMC2906504.
    34. Yuan K, Fink KL, Winer JA, Schreiner C. Local connection patterns of parvalbumin-positive inhibitory interneurons in rat primary auditory cortex. Hear Res. 2011 Apr; 274(1-2):121-8. PMID: 20600741; PMCID: PMC3816087.
    35. Dorrn AL, Yuan K, Barker AJ, Schreiner C, Froemke RC. Developmental sensory experience balances cortical excitation and inhibition. Nature. 2010 Jun 17; 465(7300):932-6. PMID: 20559387; PMCID: PMC2888507.
    36. Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Columnar connectivity and laminar processing in cat primary auditory cortex. PLoS One. 2010 Mar 03; 5(3):e9521. PMID: 20209092; PMCID: PMC2831079.
    37. Atencio CA, Sharpee TO, Schreiner C. Hierarchical computation in the canonical auditory cortical circuit. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Dec 22; 106(51):21894-9. PMID: 19918079; PMCID: PMC2799842.
    38. Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Laminar diversity of dynamic sound processing in cat primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2010 Jan; 103(1):192-205. PMID: 19864440; PMCID: PMC2807218.
    39. Cheung SW, Bonham BH, Schreiner C, Godey B, Copenhaver DA. Realignment of interaural cortical maps in asymmetric hearing loss. J Neurosci. 2009 May 27; 29(21):7065-78. PMID: 19474333; PMCID: PMC2721077.
    40. Atencio CA, Sharpee TO, Schreiner C. Cooperative nonlinearities in auditory cortical neurons. Neuron. 2008 Jun 26; 58(6):956-66. PMID: 18579084; PMCID: PMC2535914.
    41. Atencio CA, Schreiner C. Spectrotemporal processing differences between auditory cortical fast-spiking and regular-spiking neurons. J Neurosci. 2008 Apr 09; 28(15):3897-910. PMID: 18400888; PMCID: PMC2474630.
    42. Froemke RC, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature. 2007 Nov 15; 450(7168):425-9. PMID: 18004384.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Schreiner C, Winer JA. Auditory cortex mapmaking: principles, projections, and plasticity. Neuron. 2007 Oct 25; 56(2):356-65. PMID: 17964251; PMCID: PMC2412907.
    44. Keeling MD, Calhoun BM, Krüger K, Polley DB, Schreiner C. Spectral integration plasticity in cat auditory cortex induced by perceptual training. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Feb; 184(4):493-509. PMID: 17896103; PMCID: PMC2474628.
    45. Imaizumi K, Schreiner C. Spatial interaction between spectral integration and frequency gradient in primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Nov; 98(5):2933-42. PMID: 17855587.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Atencio CA, Blake DT, Strata F, Cheung SW, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C. Frequency-modulation encoding in the primary auditory cortex of the awake owl monkey. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Oct; 98(4):2182-95. PMID: 17699695.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Liu RC, Schreiner C. Auditory cortical detection and discrimination correlates with communicative significance. PLoS Biol. 2007 Jul; 5(7):e173. PMID: 17564499.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Liu RC, Linden JF, Schreiner C. Improved cortical entrainment to infant communication calls in mothers compared with virgin mice. Eur J Neurosci. 2006 Jun; 23(11):3087-97. PMID: 16819999.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Chang EF, Bao S, Imaizumi K, Schreiner C, Merzenich MM. Development of spectral and temporal response selectivity in the auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 08; 102(45):16460-5. PMID: 16263924; PMCID: PMC1283465.
    50. Escabí MA, Nassiri R, Miller LM, Schreiner C, Read HL. The contribution of spike threshold to acoustic feature selectivity, spike information content, and information throughput. J Neurosci. 2005 Oct 12; 25(41):9524-34. PMID: 16221863.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Kalatsky VA, Polley DB, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C, Stryker MP. Fine functional organization of auditory cortex revealed by Fourier optical imaging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 13; 102(37):13325-30. PMID: 16141342; PMCID: PMC1201601.
    52. Godey B, Atencio CA, Bonham BH, Schreiner C, Cheung SW. Functional organization of squirrel monkey primary auditory cortex: responses to frequency-modulation sweeps. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Aug; 94(2):1299-311. PMID: 16061492.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Philibert B, Beitel RE, Nagarajan SS, Bonham BH, Schreiner C, Cheung SW. Functional organization and hemispheric comparison of primary auditory cortex in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). J Comp Neurol. 2005 Jul 11; 487(4):391-406. PMID: 15906314.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Winer JA, Miller LM, Lee CC, Schreiner C. Auditory thalamocortical transformation: structure and function. Trends Neurosci. 2005 May; 28(5):255-63. PMID: 15866200.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Cheung SW, Nagarajan SS, Schreiner C, Bedenbaugh PH, Wong A. Plasticity in primary auditory cortex of monkeys with altered vocal production. J Neurosci. 2005 Mar 09; 25(10):2490-503. PMID: 15758157; PMCID: PMC4060626.
    56. Polley DB, Heiser MA, Blake DT, Schreiner C, Merzenich MM. Associative learning shapes the neural code for stimulus magnitude in primary auditory cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 16; 101(46):16351-6. PMID: 15534214; PMCID: PMC528983.
    57. Lee CC, Imaizumi K, Schreiner C, Winer JA. Concurrent tonotopic processing streams in auditory cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2004 Apr; 14(4):441-51. PMID: 15028648.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Imaizumi K, Priebe NJ, Crum PA, Bedenbaugh PH, Cheung SW, Schreiner C. Modular functional organization of cat anterior auditory field. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 92(1):444-57. PMID: 15014102.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Tan AY, Zhang LI, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C. Tone-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances of primary auditory cortex neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 92(1):630-43. PMID: 14999047.
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    60. Kvale MN, Schreiner C. Short-term adaptation of auditory receptive fields to dynamic stimuli. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Feb; 91(2):604-12. PMID: 14762146.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Escabí MA, Miller LM, Read HL, Schreiner C. Naturalistic auditory contrast improves spectrotemporal coding in the cat inferior colliculus. J Neurosci. 2003 Dec 17; 23(37):11489-504. PMID: 14684853.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Liu RC, Miller KD, Merzenich MM, Schreiner C. Acoustic variability and distinguishability among mouse ultrasound vocalizations. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Dec; 114(6 Pt 1):3412-22. PMID: 14714820.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Bonham BH, Cheung SW, Godey B, Schreiner C. Spatial organization of frequency response areas and rate/level functions in the developing AI. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Feb; 91(2):841-54. PMID: 14534283.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Beitel RE, Schreiner C, Cheung SW, Wang X, Merzenich MM. Reward-dependent plasticity in the primary auditory cortex of adult monkeys trained to discriminate temporally modulated signals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 16; 100(19):11070-5. PMID: 12941865; PMCID: PMC196928.
    65. Zhang LI, Tan AY, Schreiner C, Merzenich MM. Topography and synaptic shaping of direction selectivity in primary auditory cortex. Nature. 2003 Jul 10; 424(6945):201-5. PMID: 12853959.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Linden JF, Liu RC, Sahani M, Schreiner C, Merzenich MM. Spectrotemporal structure of receptive fields in areas AI and AAF of mouse auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Oct; 90(4):2660-75. PMID: 12815016.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Raggio MW, Schreiner C. Neuronal responses in cat primary auditory cortex to electrical cochlear stimulation: IV. Activation pattern for sinusoidal stimulation. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Jun; 89(6):3190-204. PMID: 12783954.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Qiu A, Schreiner C, Escabí MA. Gabor analysis of auditory midbrain receptive fields: spectro-temporal and binaural composition. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Jul; 90(1):456-76. PMID: 12660353.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Linden JF, Schreiner C. Columnar transformations in auditory cortex? A comparison to visual and somatosensory cortices. Cereb Cortex. 2003 Jan; 13(1):83-9. PMID: 12466219.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Misawa H, Sherr EH, Lee DJ, Chetkovich DM, Tan A, Schreiner C, Bredt DS. Identification of a monogenic locus (jams1) causing juvenile audiogenic seizures in mice. J Neurosci. 2002 Dec 01; 22(23):10088-93. PMID: 12451109.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Read HL, Winer JA, Schreiner C. Functional architecture of auditory cortex. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2002 Aug; 12(4):433-40. PMID: 12139992.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Escabi MA, Schreiner C. Nonlinear spectrotemporal sound analysis by neurons in the auditory midbrain. J Neurosci. 2002 May 15; 22(10):4114-31. PMID: 12019330.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Nagarajan SS, Cheung SW, Bedenbaugh P, Beitel RE, Schreiner C, Merzenich MM. Representation of spectral and temporal envelope of twitter vocalizations in common marmoset primary auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Apr; 87(4):1723-37. PMID: 11929894.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Miller LM, Escabí MA, Read HL, Schreiner C. Spectrotemporal receptive fields in the lemniscal auditory thalamus and cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Jan; 87(1):516-27. PMID: 11784767.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Lapin C, Bui Q, Breglia R, Koschier F, Podhasky P, Lapadula E, Roth R, Schreiner C, White R, Clark C, Mandella R, Hoffman G. Toxicity evaluation of petroleum blending streams: inhalation subchronic toxicity/neurotoxicity study of a light catalytic cracked naphtha distillate in rats. Int J Toxicol. 2001 Sep-Oct; 20(5):307-19. PMID: 11766128.
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    76. Schreiner C, Read HL, Sutter ML. Modular organization of frequency integration in primary auditory cortex. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2000; 23:501-29. PMID: 10845073.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Schreiner C. Spatial distribution of responses to simple and complex sounds in the primary auditory cortex. Audiol Neurootol. 1998 Mar-Jun; 3(2-3):104-22. PMID: 9575380.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Schreiner C, Langner G. Laminar fine structure of frequency organization in auditory midbrain. Nature. 1997 Jul 24; 388(6640):383-6. PMID: 9237756.
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    79. Schreiner C, Mendelson J, Raggio MW, Brosch M, Krueger K. Temporal processing in cat primary auditory cortex. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1997; 532:54-60. PMID: 9442845.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Tallal P, Miller SL, Bedi G, Byma G, Wang X, Nagarajan SS, Schreiner C, Jenkins WM, Merzenich MM. Language comprehension in language-learning impaired children improved with acoustically modified speech. Science. 1996 Jan 05; 271(5245):81-4. PMID: 8539604.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Lenarz T, Schreiner C, Snyder RL, Ernst A. Neural mechanisms of tinnitus. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 1993; 249(8):441-6. PMID: 8442938.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Vollrath M, Schreiner C. Influence of argon laser stapedotomy on cochlear potentials. I: Alteration of cochlear microphonics (CM). Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1982; 385:1-31. PMID: 6289599.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Schreiner C. Encoding of alternating acoustical signals in the medial geniculate body of guinea pigs. Hear Res. 1980 Dec; 3(4):265-78. PMID: 7451375.
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    84. Creutzfeldt O, Hellweg FC, Schreiner C. Thalamocortical transformation of responses to complex auditory stimuli. Exp Brain Res. 1980; 39(1):87-104. PMID: 6247179.
      View in: PubMed
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