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Michael Harrison, MD

Title(s)Professor, Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-476-4914
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Harvard UniversityM.D.1969School of Medicine
    Yale UniveristyBA1965

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    As founding director of UCSF's Fetal Treatment Center, Harrison is internationally renowned for his expertise and innovation in pediatric and fetal surgery. Widely regarded as the "father of fetal surgery," Harrison, over the last three decades, concentrated his lab efforts to establish the developmental pathophysiology of correctable birth defects in animal models, and develop and test techniques for fetal intervention (including maternal-fetal anesthesia), prior to clinical application. Now, a decade into the new century, the pioneering spirit continues and manifests in a new direction of innovation-i.e., original thought combined with the first presentation of work that leads to a milestone in the advancement of surgical care. Harrison's current research focuses on pediatric orphan device development, particularly devices employing the use of magnetic force. His most recent work has earned him one of three prestigious stimulus grants awarded by the FDA to fund a pediatric device consortium at UCSF.

    Over the last six years, the Harrison lab has explored the use of magnetic force to correct a variety of problems and deformities. They began with the Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure (3MP) to correct pectus excavatum in children, and tested the Magnimplant device in an FDA-sponsored trial with an FDA-approved IDE. In addition to the Magnetic Mini-Mover, they are continuing to develop and test:

    - The Magnamosis device which uses specially designed magnets to create a secure compression anastomosis between any two pieces of intestine
    - A magnetic internal-control contraction device to assist in laparoscopic surgery
    - The Robo-Implant device, which uses magnetic coupling to activate and lengthen and shorten an internal growing rod for treatment of scoliosis and for limb lengthening.

    In the course of developing and testing these magnetic implant treatments, the Harrison Lab most recently began considering the use of magnetic force for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. The concept is simple. In the same way that they implant a titanium-encased rare earth magnet on the sternum in patients with pectus excavatum and then, later, the patients use an external magnet orthotic device to gradually pull the 'sunken chest' out, Harrison et al are considering the possibility of implanting a similar magnet on the hyoid bone and letting the patient use an external orthotic magnetic device to pull the hyoid forward and open the airway when sleeping. With this approach the patient is unaffected while awake during the day and the implanted device is essentially invisible.

    Under the auspices of the UCSF Pediatric Device Consortium, the mission of the Harrison Lab is to facilitate the development, production, and distribution of pediatric medical devices by:

    - Encouraging innovation and connecting qualified individuals with pediatric device ideas with potential manufacturers
    - Mentoring and managing pediatric device projects through the development process, including product identification, prototype design, device development, and marketing
    - Connecting innovators and physicians to existing Federal and non-Federal resources
    - Assessing the scientific and medical merit of proposed pediatric device projects
    - Providing assistance and advice as needed on business development, personnel training, prototype development, and post-marketing needs

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    UCSF-Stanford Pediatric Device Consortium
    FDA P50FD006424Sep 1, 2018 - Aug 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pain Control in the Nuss Procedure: A Prospective, Randomized Trial of Cryoanalgesia vs. Thoracic Epidural
    NIH/NICHD R03HD090617Jul 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Magnetic Duodeno-Ileal Bypass for Metabolic Syndrome in Rhesus Monkeys
    NIH/NIDDK R44DK112453Jun 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Magnetic Mini Mover Device for the Treatment of Pectus Excavatum
    NIH/NHLBI R44HL134520Sep 28, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF PEDIATRIC DEVICE CONSORTIUM
    FDA P50FD003793Sep 25, 2009 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Phase III Multicenter Study of Magnetic Mini-Mover for Pectus Excavatum G090006 1
    FDA R01FD003341Apr 1, 2007 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MULTICENTER TRIAL OF FETAL MYELOMENINGOCELE REPAIR
    NIH/NICHD U10HD041669Jul 1, 2001 - Sep 30, 2012
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    CLINICAL TRIAL OF FETAL SURGERY FOR DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA
    NIH/NICHD R01HD027308Sep 30, 1992 - Sep 29, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator
    INDUCTION OF TOLERANCE IN MARROW TRANSPLANTATION
    NIH/NIAID P01AI029512Aug 1, 1990 - Jul 31, 1995
    Role: Co-Investigator
    FETAL WOUND HEALING: ROLE OF THE EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX
    NIH/NICHD R01HD025505Dec 1, 1989 - Feb 28, 1998
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    TRANSPLANTATION OF FETAL HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL039875Feb 1, 1988 - Jun 30, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PEDIATRIC CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    NIH/NCRR M01RR001271Dec 1, 1981 - Mar 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator

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    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Lebares CC, Graves CE, Lin MY, Fidelman N, Cello J, Harrison MR, Rogers S. Endoscopic Magnetic Compression Anastomosis For Small Bowel Bypass in a High Operative Risk Setting. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2019 Oct; 29(5):e84-e87. PMID: 31107851.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Motzer RJ, Rini BI, McDermott DF, Arén Frontera O, Hammers HJ, Carducci MA, Salman P, Escudier B, Beuselinck B, Amin A, Porta C, George S, Neiman V, Bracarda S, Tykodi SS, Barthélémy P, Leibowitz-Amit R, Plimack ER, Oosting SF, Redman B, Melichar B, Powles T, Nathan P, Oudard S, Pook D, Choueiri TK, Donskov F, Grimm MO, Gurney H, Heng DYC, Kollmannsberger CK, Harrison MR, Tomita Y, Duran I, Grünwald V, McHenry MB, Mekan S, Tannir NM. Nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus sunitinib in first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma: extended follow-up of efficacy and safety results from a randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2019 Oct; 20(10):1370-1385. PMID: 31427204.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Winkler SM, Harrison MR, Messersmith PB. Biomaterials in fetal surgery. Biomater Sci. 2019 Aug 01; 7(8):3092-3109. PMID: 31099350.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Muensterer OJ, Sterlin A, Oetzmann von Sochaczewski C, Lindner A, Heimann A, Balus A, Dickmann J, Nuber M, Patel VH, Manfredi MA, Jennings RW, Smithers CJ, Fauza DO, Harrison MR. An experimental study on magnetic esophageal compression anastomosis in piglets. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 May 11. PMID: 31128845.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Oetzmann von Sochaczewski C, Lindner A, Heimann A, Balus A, Patel VH, Harrison MR, Muensterer OJ. Beyond Magnamosis: A Method to Test Sutureless Esophageal Anastomotic Devices in Living Swine by Creating an Esophageal Bypass Loop for Natural Oral Nutrition. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2019 Jun; 29(6):852-855. PMID: 30882275.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Bruns NE, Glenn IC, Craner DR, Schomisch SJ, Harrison MR, Ponsky TA. Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) in a porcine esophagus: Proof of concept for potential application in esophageal atresia. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Mar; 54(3):429-433. PMID: 30309731.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Toselli L, Martinez-Ferro M, Cervio G, Kwiat D, Imamura-Ching J, Graves CE, Gaston B, Harrison M. Magnetic Compression Anastomosis (Magnamosis) for Functional Undiversion of Ileostomy in Pediatric Patients. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2017 Dec; 27(12):1314-1317. PMID: 28976806.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Graves CE, Harrison MR, Padilla BE. Minimally Invasive Fetal Surgery. Clin Perinatol. 2017 12; 44(4):729-751. PMID: 29127956.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Graves CE, Co C, Hsi RS, Kwiat D, Imamura-Ching J, Harrison MR, Stoller ML. Magnetic Compression Anastomosis (Magnamosis): First-In-Human Trial. J Am Coll Surg. 2017 Nov; 225(5):676-681.e1. PMID: 28843832.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Moon-Grady AJ, Baschat A, Cass D, Choolani M, Copel JA, Crombleholme TM, Deprest J, Emery SP, Evans MI, Luks FI, Norton ME, Ryan G, Tsao K, Welch R, Harrison M. Fetal Treatment 2017: The Evolution of Fetal Therapy Centers - A Joint Opinion from the International Fetal Medicine and Surgical Society (IFMSS) and the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet). Fetal Diagn Ther. 2017; 42(4):241-248. PMID: 28531885.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Graves CE, Hirose S, Raff GW, Iqbal CW, Imamura-Ching J, Christensen D, Fechter R, Kwiat D, Harrison MR. Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure for pectus excavatum IV: FDA sponsored multicenter trial. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Jun; 52(6):913-919. PMID: 28342579.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Rubin N, Harrison MR, Krainock M, Kim R, Lien CL. Recent advancements in understanding endogenous heart regeneration-insights from adult zebrafish and neonatal mice. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2016 10; 58:34-40. PMID: 27132022.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Harrison B, Stern L, Chung P, Etemadi M, Kwiat D, Roy S, Harrison MR, Martinez-Ferro M. MyPectus: First-in-human pilot study of remote compliance monitoring of teens using dynamic compression bracing to correct pectus carinatum. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Apr; 51(4):608-11. PMID: 26700692.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Swisher SL, Lin MC, Liao A, Leeflang EJ, Khan Y, Pavinatto FJ, Mann K, Naujokas A, Young D, Roy S, Harrison MR, Arias AC, Subramanian V, Maharbiz MM. Impedance sensing device enables early detection of pressure ulcers in vivo. Nat Commun. 2015 Mar 17; 6:6575. PMID: 25779688.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Iqbal CW, Wall J, Harrison MR. Challenges and climate of business environment and resources to support pediatric device development. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jun; 24(3):107-11. PMID: 25976144.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Harrison MR, Emamaullee JE, Besner GE. Profiles in surgical research: Michael R. Harrison, MD, FACS. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2015 Jan; 100(1):35-40. PMID: 25626264.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Liao A, Lin MC, Ritz LC, Swisher SL, Ni D, Mann K, Khan Y, Roy S, Harrison MR, Arias AC, Subramanian V, Young D, Maharbiz MM. Impedance sensing device for monitoring ulcer healing in human patients. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2015; 2015:5130-3. PMID: 26737446.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Li R, Beebe T, Jen N, Yu F, Takabe W, Harrison M, Cao H, Lee J, Yang H, Han P, Wang K, Shimizu H, Chen J, Lien CL, Chi NC, Hsiai TK. Shear stress-activated Wnt-angiopoietin-2 signaling recapitulates vascular repair in zebrafish embryos. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2014 Oct; 34(10):2268-75. PMID: 25147335.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Jiang H, Chen S, Kish S, Loh L, Zhang J, Zhang X, Kwiat D, Harrison M, Roy S. Miniaturizing RFID for magnamosis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014; 2014:638-41. PMID: 25570040.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Jiang H, Zhang J, Lan D, Liou S, Shahnasser H, Fechter R, Hirose S, Harrison M, Roy S. A low-frequency versatile wireless power transfer technology for biomedical implants. IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst. 2013 Aug; 7(4):526-35. PMID: 23893211.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Plantmason LR, Xu G, Harrison MR, Maa J. Novel use of a magnet to help remove metallic foreign bodies from the gastrointestinal tract. Am Surg. 2012 Nov; 78(11):E472-3. PMID: 23089423.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Shue EH, Harrison M, Hirose S. Maternal-fetal surgery: history and general considerations. Clin Perinatol. 2012 Jun; 39(2):269-78. PMID: 22682378.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Gonzales KD, Douglas G, Pichakron KO, Kwiat DA, Gallardo SG, Encinas JL, Hirose S, Harrison MR. Magnamosis III: delivery of a magnetic compression anastomosis device using minimally invasive endoscopic techniques. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun; 47(6):1291-5. PMID: 22703808.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Saadai P, Jelin EB, Nijagal A, Schecter SC, Hirose S, MacKenzie TC, Rand L, Goldstein R, Farrell J, Harrison M, Lee H. Long-term outcomes after fetal therapy for congenital high airway obstructive syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun; 47(6):1095-100. PMID: 22703776.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Harrison MR, Gonzales KD, Bratton BJ, Christensen D, Curran PF, Fechter R, Hirose S. Magnetic mini-mover procedure for pectus excavatum III: safety and efficacy in a Food and Drug Administration-sponsored clinical trial. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan; 47(1):154-9. PMID: 22244409.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Jiang H, Lan D, Lin D, Zhang J, Liou S, Shahnasser H, Shen M, Harrison M, Roy S. A feed-forward controlled AC-DC boost converter for biomedical implants. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:1675-8. PMID: 23366230.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Rosenbluth KH, Kwiat DA, Harrison MR, Kezirian EJ. Hyoid bone advancement for improving airway patency: cadaver study of a magnet-based system. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Mar; 146(3):491-6. PMID: 22114308.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Diana M, Wall J, Perretta S, Dallemagne B, Gonzales KD, Harrison MR, Agnus V, Soler L, Nicolau S, Marescaux J. Totally endoscopic magnetic enteral bypass by external guided rendez-vous technique. Surg Innov. 2011 Dec; 18(4):317-20. PMID: 21742664.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Harrison MR. Tracheal occlusion works. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2011; 29(1):78-9. PMID: 21325861.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Pichakron KO, Jelin EB, Hirose S, Curran PF, Jamshidi R, Stephenson JT, Fechter R, Strange M, Harrison MR. Magnamosis II: Magnetic compression anastomosis for minimally invasive gastrojejunostomy and jejunojejunostomy. J Am Coll Surg. 2011 Jan; 212(1):42-9. PMID: 21184956.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Deprest JA, Flake AW, Gratacos E, Ville Y, Hecher K, Nicolaides K, Johnson MP, Luks FI, Adzick NS, Harrison MR. The making of fetal surgery. Prenat Diagn. 2010 Jul; 30(7):653-67. PMID: 20572114.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Jancelewicz T, Vu LT, Keller RL, Bratton B, Lee H, Farmer D, Harrison M, Miniati D, Mackenzie T, Hirose S, Nobuhara K. Long-term surgical outcomes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia: observations from a single institution. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):155-60; discussion 160. PMID: 20105597.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Harrison MR. What if?... Why not? J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):1-10. PMID: 20120061.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Harrison MR, Curran PF, Jamshidi R, Christensen D, Bratton BJ, Fechter R, Hirose S. Magnetic mini-mover procedure for pectus excavatum II: initial findings of a Food and Drug Administration-sponsored trial. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):185-91; discussion 191-2. PMID: 20105602.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Jiang H, Zhang JM, Liou SS, Fechter R, Hirose S, Harrison M, Roy S. A high-power versatile wireless power transfer for biomedical implants. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2010; 2010:6437-40. PMID: 21096712.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sy ED, Filly RA, Cheong ML, Clifton MS, Cortes RA, Ohashi S, Takifuji K, Ventura DE, Grethel EJ, Wagner AJ, Gress EA, Ball RH, Lee H, Harrison MR. Prognostic role of tumor-head volume ratio in fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2009; 26(2):75-80. PMID: 19752518.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Jancelewicz T, Harrison MR. A history of fetal surgery. Clin Perinatol. 2009 Jun; 36(2):227-36, vii. PMID: 19559317.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Maa J, Lubbock C, Harrison M, Corvera C. Perforated ulcer mimicking a spontaneous pneumothorax in a patient with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am Surg. 2009 Apr; 75(4):354-6. PMID: 19385305.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Carnaghan HK, Harrison MR. Presealing of the chorioamniotic membranes prior to fetoscopic surgery: preliminary study with unfertilized chicken egg models. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009 May; 144 Suppl 1:S142-5. PMID: 19304365.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Jamshidi R, Stephenson JT, Clay JG, Pichakron KO, Harrison MR. Magnamosis: magnetic compression anastomosis with comparison to suture and staple techniques. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jan; 44(1):222-8. PMID: 19159747.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Jamshidi R, Harrison MR, Lee H, Nobuhara KK, Farmer DL. Indication for pediatric muscle biopsy determines usefulness. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Dec; 43(12):2199-201. PMID: 19040934.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Nijagal A, Ozgediz D, Feldstein VA, Lee H, Harrison MR. Colonic atresia and choledochal cyst: a rare combination. Pediatr Surg Int. 2009 Jan; 25(1):113-5. PMID: 18985360.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Cheong ML, Tsai MS, Cortes RA, Harrison MR. Intermediate interstitial deletion of chromosome 7q detected by first-trimester Down's syndrome screening. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2008; 24(4):340-4. PMID: 18841024.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Jamshidi R, Harrison M. A stronger understanding of magnet-ingestion injuries. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Sep; 162(9):900; author reply 900. PMID: 18762614.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Grethel EJ, Farrell J, Ball RH, Keller RL, Goldstein RB, Lee H, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Nobuhara KK. Does congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with bronchopulmonary sequestration portend a better prognosis? Fetal Diagn Ther. 2008; 23(4):250-3. PMID: 18417988.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Clifton MS, Harrison MR, Ball R, Lee H. Fetoscopic transuterine release of posterior urethral valves: a new technique. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2008; 23(2):89-94. PMID: 18033963.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Crombleholme TM, Shera D, Lee H, Johnson M, D'Alton M, Porter F, Chyu J, Silver R, Abuhamad A, Saade G, Shields L, Kauffman D, Stone J, Albanese CT, Bahado-Singh R, Ball RH, Bilaniuk L, Coleman B, Farmer D, Feldstein V, Harrison MR, Hedrick H, Livingston J, Lorenz RP, Miller DA, Norton ME, Polzin WJ, Robinson JN, Rychik J, Sandberg PL, Seri I, Simon E, Simpson LL, Yedigarova L, Wilson RD, Young B. A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial of amnioreduction vs selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation for the treatment of severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Oct; 197(4):396.e1-9. PMID: 17904975.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Vu L, Tsao K, Lee H, Nobuhara K, Farmer D, Harrison M, Goldstein RB. Characteristics of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations associated with nonimmune hydrops and outcome. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Aug; 42(8):1351-6. PMID: 17706495.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Clifton MS, Pelayo JC, Cortes RA, Grethel EJ, Wagner AJ, Lee H, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Nobuhara KK. Surgical treatment of childhood recurrent pancreatitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jul; 42(7):1203-7. PMID: 17618881.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Yang SH, Nobuhara KK, Keller RL, Ball RH, Goldstein RB, Feldstein VA, Callen PW, Filly RA, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Lee H. Reliability of the lung-to-head ratio as a predictor of outcome in fetuses with isolated left congenital diaphragmatic hernia at gestation outside 24-26 weeks. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jul; 197(1):30.e1-7. PMID: 17618746.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Gillis AM, Sutton E, Dewitt KD, Matthay KK, Weinberg V, Fisch BM, Chan A, Gooding C, Daldrup-Link H, Wara WM, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Haas-Kogan D. Long-term outcome and toxicities of intraoperative radiotherapy for high-risk neuroblastoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Nov 01; 69(3):858-64. PMID: 17517478.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Jamshidi R, Harrison M. Magnet-mediated thoracic remodeling: a new approach to the sunken chest. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2007 May; 4(3):283-6. PMID: 17488221.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Shum DJ, Clifton MS, Coakley FV, Hornberger LK, Joe BN, Goldstein RB, Harrison MR. Prenatal tracheal obstruction due to double aortic arch: a potential mimic of congenital high airway obstruction syndrome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jan; 188(1):W82-5. PMID: 17179331.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Grethel EJ, Wagner AJ, Clifton MS, Cortes RA, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Nobuhara KK, Lee H. Fetal intervention for mass lesions and hydrops improves outcome: a 15-year experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):117-23. PMID: 17208551.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Harrison MR, Estefan-Ventura D, Fechter R, Moran AM, Christensen D. Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure for pectus excavatum: I. Development, design, and simulations for feasibility and safety. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):81-5; discussion 85-6. PMID: 17208545.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Hirose S, Clifton MS, Bratton B, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Nobuhara KK, Lee H. Thoracoscopic resection of foregut duplication cysts. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2006 Oct; 16(5):526-9. PMID: 17004883.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Dyet LE, Kennea N, Counsell SJ, Maalouf EF, Ajayi-Obe M, Duggan PJ, Harrison M, Allsop JM, Hajnal J, Herlihy AH, Edwards B, Laroche S, Cowan FM, Rutherford MA, Edwards AD. Natural history of brain lesions in extremely preterm infants studied with serial magnetic resonance imaging from birth and neurodevelopmental assessment. Pediatrics. 2006 Aug; 118(2):536-48. PMID: 16882805.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Ayzen M, Ball R, Nobuhara KK, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Lee H. Monochorionic twin gestation complicated by a sacrococcygeal teratoma with hydrops--optimal timing of delivery allows for survival of the unaffected twin. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Aug; 41(8):e11-3. PMID: 16863829.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Golombeck K, Ball RH, Lee H, Farrell JA, Farmer DL, Jacobs VR, Rosen MA, Filly RA, Harrison MR. Maternal morbidity after maternal-fetal surgery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Mar; 194(3):834-9. PMID: 16522421.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Phaloprakarn C, Pott Bärtsch EM, Harrison MR. Residual congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and thoracic scar deformation after fetal surgery: a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Feb; 41(2):e11-4. PMID: 16481230.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Wagner AJ, Cortes RA, Strober J, Grethel EJ, Clifton MS, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Nobuhara KK, Lee H. Long-term follow-up after thymectomy for myasthenia gravis: thoracoscopic vs open. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan; 41(1):50-4; discussion 50-4. PMID: 16410107.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Asabe K, Jennings RW, Harrison MR. Pulmonary endocrine cells in hypoplastic lungs due to foetal urinary tract obstruction: a microscopic immunohistochemical study. Asian J Surg. 2006 Jan; 29(1):31-5. PMID: 16428096.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Grethel EJ, Cortes RA, Wagner AJ, Clifton MS, Lee H, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Keller RL, Nobuhara KK. Prosthetic patches for congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: Surgisis vs Gore-Tex. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan; 41(1):29-33; discussion 29-33. PMID: 16410103.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Sy ED, Lee H, Ball R, Farrell J, Poder L, Nobuhara KK, Farmer DL, Harrison MR. Spontaneous rupture of fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2006; 21(5):424-7. PMID: 16912491.
      View in: PubMed
    65. von Koch CS, Compagnone N, Hirose S, Yoder S, Harrison MR, Farmer DL. Myelomeningocele: characterization of a surgically induced sheep model and its central nervous system similarities and differences to the human disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Oct; 193(4):1456-62. PMID: 16202740.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Cortes RA, Wagner AJ, Lee H, Clifton MS, Grethel E, Yang SH, Ball R, Harrison MR. Pre-emptive placement of a presealant for amniotic access. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep; 193(3 Pt 2):1197-203. PMID: 16157137.
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    67. Harrison MR, Lee H, Albanese CT, Farmer DL. Subcutaneous endoscopically assisted ligation (SEAL) of the internal ring for repair of inguinal hernias in children: a novel technique. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jul; 40(7):1177-80. PMID: 16034766.
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    68. Heerema-McKenney A, Harrison MR, Bratton B, Farrell J, Zaloudek C. Congenital teratoma: a clinicopathologic study of 22 fetal and neonatal tumors. Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 Jan; 29(1):29-38. PMID: 15613854.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Cortes RA, Keller RL, Townsend T, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Lee H, Piecuch RE, Leonard CH, Hetherton M, Bisgaard R, Nobuhara KK. Survival of severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia has morbid consequences. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jan; 40(1):36-45; discussion 45-6. PMID: 15868556.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Harrison MR. The University of California at San Francisco Fetal Treatment Center: a personal perspective. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2004 Nov-Dec; 19(6):513-24. PMID: 15539877.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Keller RL, Hawgood S, Neuhaus JM, Farmer DL, Lee H, Albanese CT, Harrison MR, Kitterman JA. Infant pulmonary function in a randomized trial of fetal tracheal occlusion for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Pediatr Res. 2004 Nov; 56(5):818-25. PMID: 15319458.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Gugig R, Ostroff J, Chen YY, Harrison M, Heyman MB. Gastric cystic duplication: a rare cause of recurrent pancreatitis in children. Gastrointest Endosc. 2004 Apr; 59(4):592-4. PMID: 15044909.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Asabe K, Jennings RW, Harrison MR, Suita S. Quantitative study of pulmonary endocrine cells in fetal, postnatal and adult sheep. J Vet Med Sci. 2004 Apr; 66(4):373-80. PMID: 15133266.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Hirose S, Farmer DL, Lee H, Nobuhara KK, Harrison MR. The ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure: Looking back at the EXIT. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Mar; 39(3):375-80; discussion 375-80. PMID: 15017555.
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    83. Danzer E, Sydorak RM, Harrison MR, Albanese CT. Minimal access fetal surgery. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2003 May 01; 108(1):3-13. PMID: 12694962.
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    85. Tsao K, Hawgood S, Vu L, Hirose S, Sydorak R, Albanese CT, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Lee H. Resolution of hydrops fetalis in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation after prenatal steroid therapy. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Mar; 38(3):508-10. PMID: 12632377.
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    86. Harrison MR. Fetal surgery: trials, tribulations, and turf. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Mar; 38(3):275-82. PMID: 12632335.
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    88. Tsao K, Albanese CT, Harrison MR. Prenatal therapy for thoracic and mediastinal lesions. World J Surg. 2003 Jan; 27(1):77-83. PMID: 12557041.
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    89. Pott Bärtsch EM, Paek BW, Yoshizawa J, Goldstein RB, Ferrell LD, Coakley FV, Harrison MR, Albanese CT. Giant fetal hepatic hemangioma. Case report and literature review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2003 Jan-Feb; 18(1):59-64. PMID: 12566779.
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    90. Fowler SF, Sydorak RM, Albanese CT, Farmer DL, Harrison MR, Lee H. Fetal endoscopic surgery: lessons learned and trends reviewed. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Dec; 37(12):1700-2. PMID: 12483634.
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    91. Evans MI, Harrison MR, Flake AW, Johnson MP. Fetal therapy. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2002 Oct; 16(5):671-83. PMID: 12475547.
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    92. Sydorak RM, Kelly T, Feldstein VA, Sandberg PL, Silverman NH, Harrison MR, Albanese CT. Prenatal resection of a fetal pericardial teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct; 17(5):281-5. PMID: 12169812.
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    93. Paek BW, Callen PW, Kitterman J, Feldstein VA, Farrell J, Harrison MR, Albanese CT. Successful fetal intervention for congenital high airway obstruction syndrome. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct; 17(5):272-6. PMID: 12169810.
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    94. Tsao K, Feldstein VA, Albanese CT, Sandberg PL, Lee H, Harrison MR, Farmer DL. Selective reduction of acardiac twin by radiofrequency ablation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Sep; 187(3):635-40. PMID: 12237640.
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    95. Sydorak RM, Hirose S, Sandberg PL, Filly RA, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Albanese CT. Chorioamniotic membrane separation following fetal surgery. J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug; 22(5):407-10. PMID: 12082478.
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    96. Wagner W, Harrison MR. Fetal operations in the head and neck area: current state. Head Neck. 2002 May; 24(5):482-90. PMID: 12001079.
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    97. Kammen BF, Pacharn P, Harrison MR, Gooding CA. The "diaphanous" diaphragm: a radiographic sign seen after patch repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in neonates. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Jan; 178(1):185-9. PMID: 11756118.
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