Carter Lebares, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address513 Parnassus Ave, HSW, #1617
San Francisco CA 94143
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    IRCAD, Strasbourg University, FranceFellow, Surgical Endoscopy and Minimally Invasive Surgery2015Dept. of Surgery/IHU
    UCSFClinical Instructor/Attending2014Dept. of Surgery
    UCSFChief Resident2013Dept. of Surgery
    UCSFSurgical Resident2012Dept. of Surgery
    University of MinnesotaSurgical Resident2011Dept. of Surgery
    University of MinnesotaM.D.2008School of Medicine
    University of MinnesotaB.S.1995Biochemistry

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    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Carter Lebares is a gastrointestinal and bariatric surgeon who specializes in treating gastrointestinal disease, particularly of the esophagus and stomach, using minimally invasive surgery, such as robotics and surgical endoscopy. Her expertise includes treatments for reflux disease, obesity, early esophageal or gastric cancer, esophageal motility disorders, hernias, gallbladder disease and some kinds of biliary disease.

    Lebares' research interests include resilience and mindfulness in surgery, mindfulness and nutrition in metabolic syndrome and obesity, the neuroendocrine and cognitive effects of stress on learning and performance, and endoscopic surgery for diseases of the esophagus and stomach.

    Lebares received her medical degree from the University of Minnesota and completed a surgical residency there. She also completed a surgical residency at UCSF. She completed a fellowship in minimally invasive surgery and surgical endoscopy at the IRCAD Institute of the University of Strasbourg in France.

    Lebares is a member of the American College of Surgeons. She received the University of Minnesota Foundation's Metropolitan – Mount Sinai Award for future excellence in 2008, the University of Minnesota's Gaviser-Hays Award for compassion in surgery in 2013 and the surgical resident teaching award from the UCSF Haile T. Debas Academy of Medical Educators in 2013.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Mindfulness Based Interventions for Surgeons: A Scoping Review. Ann Surg. 2024 Jan 23. Coopersmith AS, Shroff YV, Wen GA, Berler MH, Gonzales PA, Ojute FM, Lebares CC. PMID: 38258586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Investigating influential factors and mechanisms of surgical resident well-being using social network analysis. Am J Surg. 2023 Sep 06. Coopersmith AS, Berler MH, Johnston B, Knutilla L, Edwards AL, Lebares CC, General Surgery Research Collaborative on Resident Wellbeing. PMID: 37722938.
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    3. Enhanced Stress Resilience Training for UK Surgical Trainees; Effect and Evolution Evaluated. J Surg Educ. 2023 Oct; 80(10):1395-1402. Luton OW, James OP, Mellor K, Eley C, Hopkins L, Robinson DBT, Barlow E, Lebares CC, Lewis WG, Egan RJ, Welsh Surgical Research Initiative (WSRI) Collaborative. PMID: 37567800.
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    4. Flourishing and the Prioritization of Workplace Elements in General Surgery Residents. J Surg Res. 2023 11; 291:488-495. Nguyen ET, Berler MH, Gonzales PA, Greenberg AL, Lebares CC, General Surgery Research Collaborative on Resident Wellbeing. PMID: 37536190.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Invited Commentary: A Tale of 2 Perspectives: The Evolving Culture of Surgery. J Am Coll Surg. 2023 Aug 01; 237(2):290-291. Lebares CC. PMID: 37260115.
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    6. Operationalizing the Culture of Burnout and Well-Being: Multicenter Study of Value Congruence and Flourishing in General Surgery Residency. J Am Coll Surg. 2023 Sep 01; 237(3):397-407. Cevallos JR, Gonzales PA, Berler MH, Greenberg AL, Lebares CC, General Surgery Research Collaborative on Resident Well-being. PMID: 37255219.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. MP25-10 IMPLEMENTING A NOVEL STRESS RESILIENCE TRAINING CURRICULUM AMONG UROLOGY TRAINEES: PROOF OF CONCEPT IN CURRICULUM DESIGN. Investigative Urology. 2023 Apr 1; 209(Supplement 4). Johny JA, Wittkower WD, Whitworth WW, Lebares LC, Taylor TJ. .
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    8. Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention in Endoscopy among Gastroenterology Fellows: A Pilot Study. Techniques and Innovations in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 2022 Dec 1. Orekondy ON, Welp WK, Fai FC, Lebares LC, Pastan PC, Jangi JS. .
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    9. S612 Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention in Endoscopy Among Gastroenterology Fellows: A Pilot Study. The American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2022 Oct 1; 117(10S):e426-e427. Orekondy ON, Fai FC, Welp WK, Pastan PC, Lebares LC, Jangi JS. .
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    10. Making the Financial Case for Surgical Resident Well-being: A Scoping Review. Ann Surg. 2023 03 01; 277(3):397-404. Greenberg AL, Doherty DV, Cevallos JR, Tahir P, Lebares CC. PMID: 36124776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. The General Surgery Residency Experience: A Multicenter Study of Differences in Wellbeing by Race/Ethnicity. Ann Surg Open. 2022 Sep; 3(3):e187. Greenberg AL, Cevallos JR, Ojute FM, Davis DL, Greene WR, Lebares CC. PMID: 37601153; PMCID: PMC10431302.
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    12. Non-operative management of pneumoperitoneum following cardiopulmonary resuscitation. J Surg Case Rep. 2022 May; 2022(5):rjac219. Johnson CL, Gomes C, Cheng J, Lebares CC. PMID: 35599993; PMCID: PMC9116581.
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    13. Well-Being Intervention in General Surgery: Multicenter Study of Program Director and Resident Perspectives. J Am Coll Surg. 2022 08 01; 235(2):217-224. Greenberg AL, Tenzing N, Ghadimi TR, Tilahun MN, Berler MH, Lebares CC, General Surgery Research Collaborative on Resident Well-Being. PMID: 35839396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Flourishing as a guide to intervention: a national multicenter study of general surgery residents. Global Surgical Education - Journal of the Association for Surgical Education. 2022 Mar 31; 1(1):12. Greenberg GA, Boscardin BC, Lebares LC. .
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    15. Emotional Regulation in Surgery: Fostering Well-Being, Performance, and Leadership. J Surg Res. 2022 09; 277:A25-A35. Greenberg AL, Sullins VF, Donahue TR, Sundaram VM, Saldinger PF, Divino CM, Anton NE, Stefanidis D, Reilly LM, Egan RJ, Beals CKJ, Riall TS, Duh QY, Mukhtar RA, Hirose K, Lebares CC. PMID: 35307162.
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    16. Validity evidence for flourishing as a measure of global wellbeing: a national multicenter study of academic general surgery residents. Global Surgical Education - Journal of the Association for Surgical Education. 2022 Feb 11; 1(1):1. Lebares LC, Greenberg GA, Gonzales GP, Boscardin BC. .
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    17. Enhancers and Inhibitors of Well-Being: A Multicenter Study of Surgical Resident Perspectives. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2021 Nov 1; 233(5):s216. Greenberg GA, Lebares LC. .
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    18. Defining and Validating Flourishing in Surgery: Differences by Race and Gender in a Multicenter Study. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2021 Nov 1; 233(5):s214-s215. Greenberg GA, Lebares LC. .
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    19. Surgical Trainee Well-Being: A Synergy of Individual and System-Level Interventions. Acad Med. 2021 11 01; 96(11S):S184-S185. Greenberg AL, Collins CR, Rosser ML, Ascher NL, O'Sullivan PS, Reilly LM, Lebares CC. PMID: 34705683.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Scoping mindfully. Gastrointest Endosc. 2021 10; 94(4):877-878. Jangi S, Lebares C. PMID: 34530979.
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    21. From challenge to change in Surgery. Am J Surg. 2022 04; 223(4):624-625. Lebares CC. PMID: 34511200.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Enhanced stress-resilience training for surgical trainees. BJS Open. 2021 07 06; 5(4). Luton OW, James OP, Mellor K, Eley C, Hopkins L, Robinson DBT, Lebares CC, Powell AGMT, Lewis WG, Egan RJ. PMID: 34323917; PMCID: PMC8320339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    23. Flourishing as a Measure of Global Well-being in First Year Residents: A Pilot Longitudinal Cohort Study. J Med Educ Curric Dev. 2021 Jan-Dec; 8:23821205211020758. Lebares CC, Greenberg AL, Shui A, Boscardin C, van der Schaaf M. PMID: 34104793; PMCID: PMC8170288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    24. Appendiceal neurofibroma in a patient with neurofibromatosis 1 and recurrent abdominal infections from ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report. J Surg Case Rep. 2021 Apr; 2021(4):rjab115. Greenberg AL, Choi WT, Shaked O, Lee AT, Berrahou IK, Jacques LG, Lebares CC. PMID: 33898000; PMCID: PMC8055177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    25. Mastering Stress: Mental Skills and Emotional Regulation for Surgical Performance and Life. J Surg Res. 2021 07; 263:A1-A12. Anton NE, Lebares CC, Karipidis T, Stefanidis D. PMID: 33678414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Enhanced Stress Resilience Training in Surgeons: Iterative Adaptation and Biopsychosocial Effects in 2 Small Randomized Trials. Ann Surg. 2021 03 01; 273(3):424-432. Lebares CC, Coaston TN, Delucchi KL, Guvva EV, Shen WT, Staffaroni AM, Kramer JH, Epel ES, Hecht FM, Ascher NL, Harris HW, Cole SW. PMID: 32773637; PMCID: PMC7863698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Exploration of Individual and System-Level Well-being Initiatives at an Academic Surgical Residency Program: A Mixed-Methods Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 01 04; 4(1):e2032676. Lebares CC, Greenberg AL, Ascher NL, Delucchi KL, Reilly LM, van der Schaaf M, Baathe F, O'Sullivan P, Isaksson Rø K. PMID: 33404621; PMCID: PMC7788470.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Portal venous gas and hepatic cyst infection with Clostridium perfringens. Surgery. 2020 Nov 1. Lin LJ, Im IC, Dietch DZ, Lebares LC. .
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    29. Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in an Academic General Surgical Program: Implications for Acute Care Surgeons. Surg Innov. 2020 Dec; 27(6):669-674. Ross JT, Liang NE, Lebares CC, Carter JT, Harris HW, Cello JP, Rogers SJ, Lin MYC. PMID: 32894031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Key factors for implementing mindfulness-based burnout interventions in surgery. Am J Surg. 2020 02; 219(2):328-334. Lebares CC, Guvva EV, Desai A, Herschberger A, Ascher NL, Harris HW, O'Sullivan P. PMID: 31668282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Endoscopic Magnetic Compression Anastomosis For Small Bowel Bypass in a High Operative Risk Setting. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2019 Oct; 29(5):e84-e87. Lebares CC, Graves CE, Lin MY, Fidelman N, Cello J, Harrison MR, Rogers S. PMID: 31107851.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Training in Surgery: Additional Analysis of the Mindful Surgeon Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 05 03; 2(5):e194108. Lebares CC, Guvva EV, Olaru M, Sugrue LP, Staffaroni AM, Delucchi KL, Kramer JH, Ascher NL, Harris HW. PMID: 31125095; PMCID: PMC6632137.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Feasibility of Formal Mindfulness-Based Stress-Resilience Training Among Surgery Interns: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surg. 2018 10 01; 153(10):e182734. Lebares CC, Hershberger AO, Guvva EV, Desai A, Mitchell J, Shen W, Reilly LM, Delucchi KL, O'Sullivan PS, Ascher NL, Harris HW. PMID: 30167655; PMCID: PMC6233792.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Mindful Surgeon: A Pilot Feasibility and Efficacy Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Resilience Training in Surgery. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2018 Oct 1; 227(4):e21. Lebares LC, Guvva GE, Delucchi DK, Kayser KA, Ascher AN, Harris HH. .
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    35. Burnout and gender in surgical training: A call to re-evaluate coping and dysfunction. Am J Surg. 2018 10; 216(4):800-804. Lebares CC, Braun HJ, Guvva EV, Epel ES, Hecht FM. PMID: 30197022.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Burnout and Stress Among US Surgery Residents: Psychological Distress and Resilience. J Am Coll Surg. 2018 01; 226(1):80-90. Lebares CC, Guvva EV, Ascher NL, O'Sullivan PS, Harris HW, Epel ES. PMID: 29107117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 82     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Burnout in US Surgery Residents: Do Year of Training and Mindfulness Matter?. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2017 Oct 1; 225(4):e20. Lebares LC, Guvva GE, Allen AI, Ascher AN, O'Sullivan OP, Epel EE. .
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    38. Per-Oral Pyloromyotomy (POP): An Emerging Application of Submucosal Tunneling for the Treatment of Refractory Gastroparesis. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2016 Apr; 26(2):257-270. Lebares C, Swanstrom LL. PMID: 27036896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Future Directions for Endoscopic Operations. The SAGES Manual Operating Through the Endoscope. 2016 Jan 1; 475-482. Lebares LC, Perretta PS. .
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    40. Transforming growth factor-beta induces secretion of activated ADAMTS-2. A procollagen III N-proteinase. J Biol Chem. 2003 May 23; 278(21):19549-57. Wang WM, Lee S, Steiglitz BM, Scott IC, Lebares CC, Allen ML, Brenner MC, Takahara K, Greenspan DS. PMID: 12646579.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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