Roberta Ballard

Title(s)Professor, Pediatrics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address35 Medical Center Way
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Trial of Late SURFactant (TOLSURF) to Prevent BPD - Clinical Coord Ctr
    NIH U01HL094338Sep 15, 2009 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH U01HL062514Mar 1, 2000 - Feb 29, 2008
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    SCOR in Pathobiology of Lung Development
    NIH P50HL056401Sep 1, 1996 - Jul 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH R01HD029201Aug 10, 1993 - Nov 30, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR000240Dec 1, 1976 - Sep 29, 2006
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Blood metabolomics in infants enrolled in a dose escalation pilot trial of budesonide in surfactant. Pediatr Res. 2021 10; 90(4):784-794. Ballard PL, Torgerson D, Wadhawan R, Hudak ML, Weitkamp JH, Harris J, Asselin J, Chapin C, Ballard RA, McEvoy CT. PMID: 33469180; PMCID: PMC7814527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    2. Composition and origin of lung fluid proteome in premature infants and relationship to respiratory outcome. PLoS One. 2020; 15(12):e0243168. Ballard PL, Oses-Prieto J, Chapin C, Segal MR, Ballard RA, Burlingame AL. PMID: 33301538; PMCID: PMC7728257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Dose-escalation trial of budesonide in surfactant for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely low gestational age high-risk newborns (SASSIE). Pediatr Res. 2020 10; 88(4):629-636. McEvoy CT, Ballard PL, Ward RM, Rower JE, Wadhawan R, Hudak ML, Weitkamp JH, Harris J, Asselin J, Chapin C, Ballard RA. PMID: 32006953; PMCID: PMC7223897.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Ancestry and genetic associations with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 11 01; 315(5):L858-L869. Torgerson DG, Ballard PL, Keller RL, Oh SS, Huntsman S, Hu D, Eng C, Burchard EG, Ballard RA, TOLSURF Study Group. PMID: 30113228; PMCID: PMC6295513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. Surfactant status and respiratory outcome in premature infants receiving late surfactant treatment. Pediatr Res. 2019 02; 85(3):305-311. Ballard PL, Keller RL, Truog WE, Chapin C, Horneman H, Segal MR, Ballard RA, Tolsurf Investigators. PMID: 30140069; PMCID: PMC6377352.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Reply. J Pediatr. 2018 10; 201:300-301. Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Askie LM, Schreiber MD, Hibbs AM, Torgerson DG, Keller RL. PMID: 30029868.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Maternal Black Race and Persistent Wheezing Illness in Former Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Trial. J Pediatr. 2018 07; 198:201-208.e3. Wai KC, Hibbs AM, Steurer MA, Black DM, Asselin JM, Eichenwald EC, Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Keller RL, Trial of Late Surfactant (TOLSURF) Study Group. PMID: 29627188; PMCID: PMC6019148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Race Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Preterm Infants: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis. J Pediatr. 2018 02; 193:34-39.e2. Askie LM, Davies LC, Schreiber MD, Hibbs AM, Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 29241680.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Chronic Pulmonary Insufficiency of Prematurity: Developing Optimal Endpoints for Drug Development. J Pediatr. 2017 12; 191:15-21.e1. Steinhorn R, Davis JM, Göpel W, Jobe A, Abman S, Laughon M, Bancalari E, Aschner J, Ballard R, Greenough A, Storari L, Thomson M, Ariagno RL, Fabbri L, Turner MA, International Neonatal Consortium. PMID: 29173299.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Reply. J Pediatr. 2017 10; 189:241-242. Keller RL, Ballard RA. PMID: 28625499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. The Randomized, Controlled Trial of Late Surfactant: Effects on Respiratory Outcomes at 1-Year Corrected Age. J Pediatr. 2017 04; 183:19-25.e2. Keller RL, Eichenwald EC, Hibbs AM, Rogers EE, Wai KC, Black DM, Ballard PL, Asselin JM, Truog WE, Merrill JD, Mammel MC, Steinhorn RH, Ryan RM, Durand DJ, Bendel CM, Bendel-Stenzel EM, Courtney SE, Dhanireddy R, Hudak ML, Koch FR, Mayock DE, McKay VJ, Helderman J, Porta NF, Wadhawan R, Palermo L, Ballard RA, TOLSURF Study Group. PMID: 28100402; PMCID: PMC5367937.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Characteristics of Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns Undergoing Tracheotomy: A Secondary Analysis of the Trial of Late Surfactant Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 01 01; 143(1):13-19. Wai KC, Keller RL, Lusk LA, Ballard RA, Chan DK, Trial of Late Surfactant (TOLSURF) Study Group. PMID: 27583380.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Early Cumulative Supplemental Oxygen Predicts Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in High Risk Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns. J Pediatr. 2016 Oct; 177:97-102.e2. Wai KC, Kohn MA, Ballard RA, Truog WE, Black DM, Asselin JM, Ballard PL, Rogers EE, Keller RL, Trial of Late Surfactant (TOLSURF) Study Group. PMID: 27470692; PMCID: PMC5037007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. High-Dose Erythropoietin and Hypothermia for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: A Phase II Trial. Pediatrics. 2016 06; 137(6). Wu YW, Mathur AM, Chang T, McKinstry RC, Mulkey SB, Mayock DE, Van Meurs KP, Rogers EE, Gonzalez FF, Comstock BA, Juul SE, Msall ME, Bonifacio SL, Glass HC, Massaro AN, Dong L, Tan KW, Heagerty PJ, Ballard RA. PMID: 27244862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    15. Pharmacokinetics of Budesonide Administered with Surfactant in Premature Lambs: Implications for Neonatal Clinical Trials. Curr Clin Pharmacol. 2016; 11(1):53-61. Roberts JK, Stockmann C, Dahl MJ, Albertine KH, Egan E, Lin Z, Reilly CA, Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Ward RM. PMID: 26416605; PMCID: PMC5716806.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    16. Comparisons and Limitations of Current Definitions of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia for the Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Dec; 12(12):1822-30. Poindexter BB, Feng R, Schmidt B, Aschner JL, Ballard RA, Hamvas A, Reynolds AM, Shaw PA, Jobe AH, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. PMID: 26397992; PMCID: PMC4722827.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 85     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Randomized Trial of Late Surfactant Treatment in Ventilated Preterm Infants Receiving Inhaled Nitric Oxide. J Pediatr. 2016 Jan; 168:23-29.e4. Ballard RA, Keller RL, Black DM, Ballard PL, Merrill JD, Eichenwald EC, Truog WE, Mammel MC, Steinhorn RH, Rogers EE, Ryan RM, Durand DJ, Asselin JM, Bendel CM, Bendel-Stenzel EM, Courtney SE, Dhanireddy R, Hudak ML, Koch FR, Mayock DE, McKay VJ, O'Shea TM, Porta NF, Wadhawan R, Palermo L, TOLSURF Study Group. PMID: 26500107; PMCID: PMC4698022.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Prematurity and respiratory outcomes program (PROP): study protocol of a prospective multicenter study of respiratory outcomes of preterm infants in the United States. BMC Pediatr. 2015 Apr 10; 15:37. Pryhuber GS, Maitre NL, Ballard RA, Cifelli D, Davis SD, Ellenberg JH, Greenberg JM, Kemp J, Mariani TJ, Panitch H, Ren C, Shaw P, Taussig LM, Hamvas A, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program Investigators. PMID: 25886363; PMCID: PMC4407843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Respiratory consequences of prematurity: evolution of a diagnosis and development of a comprehensive approach. J Perinatol. 2015 May; 35(5):313-321. Maitre NL, Ballard RA, Ellenberg JH, Davis SD, Greenberg JM, Hamvas A, Pryhuber GS, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. PMID: 25811285; PMCID: PMC4414744.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Erythropoietin and hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Nov; 51(5):657-62. Rogers EE, Bonifacio SL, Glass HC, Juul SE, Chang T, Mayock DE, Durand DJ, Song D, Barkovich AJ, Ballard RA, Wu YW. PMID: 25439577; PMCID: PMC4402201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    21. Inhaled nitric oxide increases urinary nitric oxide metabolites and cyclic guanosine monophosphate in premature infants: relationship to pulmonary outcome. Am J Perinatol. 2015 Feb; 32(3):225-32. Ballard PL, Keller RL, Black DM, Durand DJ, Merrill JD, Eichenwald EC, Truog WE, Mammel MC, Steinhorn R, Ryan RM, Courtney SE, Horneman H, Ballard RA, Investigators of TOLSURF Pilot and TOLSURF. PMID: 24968129; PMCID: PMC5032843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Late administration of surfactant replacement therapy increases surfactant protein-B content: a randomized pilot study. Pediatr Res. 2012 Dec; 72(6):613-9. Keller RL, Merrill JD, Black DM, Steinhorn RH, Eichenwald EC, Durand DJ, Ryan RM, Truog WE, Courtney SE, Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 23037875; PMCID: PMC3548137.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Erythropoietin for neuroprotection in neonatal encephalopathy: safety and pharmacokinetics. Pediatrics. 2012 Oct; 130(4):683-91. Wu YW, Bauer LA, Ballard RA, Ferriero DM, Glidden DV, Mayock DE, Chang T, Durand DJ, Song D, Bonifacio SL, Gonzalez FF, Glass HC, Juul SE. PMID: 23008465; PMCID: PMC3457622.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 78     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    24. Inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of randomized trials. Pediatrics. 2011 Oct; 128(4):729-39. Askie LM, Ballard RA, Cutter GR, Dani C, Elbourne D, Field D, Hascoet JM, Hibbs AM, Kinsella JP, Mercier JC, Rich W, Schreiber MD, Wongsiridej PS, Subhedar NV, Van Meurs KP, Voysey M, Barrington K, Ehrenkranz RA, Finer NN, Meta-analysis of Preterm Patients on Inhaled Nitric Oxide Collaboration. PMID: 21930540; PMCID: PMC3387905.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Pilot trial of late booster doses of surfactant for ventilated premature infants. J Perinatol. 2011 Sep; 31(9):599-606. Merrill JD, Ballard PL, Courtney SE, Durand DJ, Hamvas A, Hibbs AM, Lu KW, Ryan RM, Reynolds AM, Spence K, Steinhorn RH, Truog WE, Eichenwald EC, Ballard RA. PMID: 21311500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Re: 'The use of iNO in the newborn period: results from the European iNO registry'. Acta Paediatr. 2010 Sep; 99(9):1283. Golombek SG, Truog WE, Ballard RA, Ballard PL. PMID: 20456263.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. BMC Pediatr. 2010 Mar 23; 10:15. Askie LM, Ballard RA, Cutter G, Dani C, Elbourne D, Field D, Hascoet JM, Hibbs AM, Kinsella JP, Mercier JC, Rich W, Schreiber MD, Srisuparp P, Subhedar NV, Van Meurs KP, Voysey M, Barrington K, Ehrenkranz RA, Finer N, Meta-Analysis of Preterm Patients on inhaled Nitric Oxide (MAPPiNO) Collaboration. PMID: 20331899; PMCID: PMC2860486.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Two-year neurodevelopmental outcomes of ventilated preterm infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide. J Pediatr. 2010 Apr; 156(4):556-61.e1. Walsh MC, Hibbs AM, Martin CR, Cnaan A, Keller RL, Vittinghoff E, Martin RJ, Truog WE, Ballard PL, Zadell A, Wadlinger SR, Coburn CE, Ballard RA, NO CLD Study Group. PMID: 20138299; PMCID: PMC2843768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Accounting for multiple births in neonatal and perinatal trials: systematic review and case study. J Pediatr. 2010 Feb; 156(2):202-8. Hibbs AM, Black D, Palermo L, Cnaan A, Luan X, Truog WE, Walsh MC, Ballard RA. PMID: 19969305; PMCID: PMC2844328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Economic evaluation of inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants undergoing mechanical ventilation. Pediatrics. 2009 Nov; 124(5):1325-32. Zupancic JA, Hibbs AM, Palermo L, Truog WE, Cnaan A, Black DM, Ballard PL, Wadlinger SR, Ballard RA, NO CLD Trial Group. PMID: 19841125.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Inhaled nitric oxide in premature infants: effect on tracheal aspirate and plasma nitric oxide metabolites. J Perinatol. 2010 Apr; 30(4):275-80. Posencheg MA, Gow AJ, Truog WE, Ballard RA, Cnaan A, Golombek SG, Ballard PL, NO CLD Investigators. PMID: 19812581; PMCID: PMC2834364.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Expression of nitric oxide synthases and endogenous NO metabolism in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008 Jul; 43(7):703-9. Davis CW, Gonzales LW, Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Guo C, Gow AJ. PMID: 18500734; PMCID: PMC4015107.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. One-year respiratory outcomes of preterm infants enrolled in the Nitric Oxide (to prevent) Chronic Lung Disease trial. J Pediatr. 2008 Oct; 153(4):525-9. Hibbs AM, Walsh MC, Martin RJ, Truog WE, Lorch SA, Alessandrini E, Cnaan A, Palermo L, Wadlinger SR, Coburn CE, Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 18534620; PMCID: PMC2745607.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Inhaled nitric oxide for preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2008 Jun; 121(6):1287-8; author reply 1288-9. Truog WE, Martin RJ, Ballard RA, Black D, Cnaan A, NO CLD Study Group. PMID: 18519502.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Plasma biomarkers of oxidative stress: relationship to lung disease and inhaled nitric oxide therapy in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):555-61. Ballard PL, Truog WE, Merrill JD, Gow A, Posencheg M, Golombek SG, Parton LA, Luan X, Cnaan A, Ballard RA. PMID: 18310205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Therapeutic hypothermia changes the prognostic value of clinical evaluation of neonatal encephalopathy. J Pediatr. 2008 Jan; 152(1):55-8, 58.e1. Gunn AJ, Wyatt JS, Whitelaw A, Barks J, Azzopardi D, Ballard R, Edwards AD, Ferriero DM, Gluckman PD, Polin RA, Robertson CM, Thoresen M, CoolCap Study Group. PMID: 18154900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants--correction. N Engl J Med. 2007 Oct 04; 357(14):1444-5. Ballard RA. PMID: 17914048.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. The effect of inhaled nitric oxide on pulmonary function in preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2007 Dec; 27(12):766-71. Di Fiore JM, Hibbs AM, Zadell AE, Merrill JD, Eichenwald EC, Puri AR, Mayock DE, Courtney SE, Ballard RA, Martin RJ. PMID: 17805339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Surfactant function and composition in premature infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide. Pediatrics. 2007 Aug; 120(2):346-53. Ballard PL, Merrill JD, Truog WE, Godinez RI, Godinez MH, McDevitt TM, Ning Y, Golombek SG, Parton LA, Luan X, Cnaan A, Ballard RA. PMID: 17671061.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Determinants of outcomes after head cooling for neonatal encephalopathy. Pediatrics. 2007 May; 119(5):912-21. Wyatt JS, Gluckman PD, Liu PY, Azzopardi D, Ballard R, Edwards AD, Ferriero DM, Polin RA, Robertson CM, Thoresen M, Whitelaw A, Gunn AJ, CoolCap Study Group. PMID: 17473091.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Inflammatory markers and mediators in tracheal fluid of premature infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide. Pediatrics. 2007 Apr; 119(4):670-8. Truog WE, Ballard PL, Norberg M, Golombek S, Savani RC, Merrill JD, Parton LA, Cnaan A, Luan X, Ballard RA, Nitric Oxide (to Prevent) Chronic Lung Disease Study Investigators. PMID: 17403837.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants undergoing mechanical ventilation. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jul 27; 355(4):343-53. Ballard RA, Truog WE, Cnaan A, Martin RJ, Ballard PL, Merrill JD, Walsh MC, Durand DJ, Mayock DE, Eichenwald EC, Null DR, Hudak ML, Puri AR, Golombek SG, Courtney SE, Stewart DL, Welty SE, Phibbs RH, Hibbs AM, Luan X, Wadlinger SR, Asselin JM, Coburn CE, NO CLD Study Group. PMID: 16870913.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 128     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Urinary metabolites of oxidative stress and nitric oxide in preterm and term infants. Biol Neonate. 2006; 90(4):233-42. Farkouh CR, Merrill JD, Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Ischiropoulos H, Lorch SA. PMID: 16735789.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Neonatal - perinatal medicine fellowship training in long-term outcomes of neonatal intensive care unit graduates. J Perinatol. 2005 Jun; 25(6):423-5. Deregnier RA, Ballard R, O'shea TM, Piecuch R, Walsh M, Aschner JL. PMID: 15858604.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    45. Selective head cooling with mild systemic hypothermia after neonatal encephalopathy: multicentre randomised trial. Lancet. 2005 Feb 19-25; 365(9460):663-70. Gluckman PD, Wyatt JS, Azzopardi D, Ballard R, Edwards AD, Ferriero DM, Polin RA, Robertson CM, Thoresen M, Whitelaw A, Gunn AJ. PMID: 15721471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 586     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    46. Dysfunction of pulmonary surfactant in chronically ventilated premature infants. Pediatr Res. 2004 Dec; 56(6):918-26. Merrill JD, Ballard RA, Cnaan A, Hibbs AM, Godinez RI, Godinez MH, Truog WE, Ballard PL. PMID: 15496605.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Low levels of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases with a high matrix metalloproteinase-9/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 ratio are present in tracheal aspirate fluids of infants who develop chronic lung disease. Pediatrics. 2004 Jun; 113(6):1709-14. Ekekezie II, Thibeault DW, Simon SD, Norberg M, Merrill JD, Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Truog WE. PMID: 15173495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Surfactant protein profile of pulmonary surfactant in premature infants. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Nov 01; 168(9):1123-8. Ballard PL, Merrill JD, Godinez RI, Godinez MH, Truog WE, Ballard RA. PMID: 12904326.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Plasma 3-nitrotyrosine and outcome in neonates with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia after inhaled nitric oxide. Free Radic Biol Med. 2003 May 01; 34(9):1146-52. Lorch SA, Banks BA, Christie J, Merrill JD, Althaus J, Schmidt K, Ballard PL, Ischiropoulos H, Ballard RA. PMID: 12706495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    50. Pulmonary surfactant for neonatal respiratory disorders. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Apr; 15(2):149-54. Merrill JD, Ballard RA. PMID: 12640270.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    51. Interaction of endogenous endothelin-1 and inhaled nitric oxide in term and preterm infants. Clin Sci (Lond). 2002 Aug; 103 Suppl 48:294S-297S. Truog WE, Pallotto E, Clark P, Banks B, Kaftan HA, Ekekezie II, Norberg M, Ballard RA. PMID: 12193107.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Fear of litigation may increase resuscitation of infants born near the limits of viability. J Pediatr. 2002 Jun; 140(6):713-8. Ballard DW, Li Y, Evans J, Ballard RA, Ubel PA. PMID: 12072875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    53. Multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids are associated with early severe lung disease in preterm neonates. J Perinatol. 2002 Mar; 22(2):101-7. Banks BA, Macones G, Cnaan A, Merrill JD, Ballard PL, Ballard RA, North American TRH Study Group. PMID: 11896513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Association of plasma cortisol and chronic lung disease in preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2001 Mar; 107(3):494-8. Banks BA, Stouffer N, Cnaan A, Ning Y, Merrill JD, Ballard RA, Ballard PL, North American Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Trial Collaborators. PMID: 11230588.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    55. Clinical use of antenatal corticosteroids: benefits and risks. Pediatr Rev. 2000 May; 1(5):E91-8. Merrill JD, Ballard RA. PMID: 10790438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids and outcome of premature neonates. North American Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Study Group. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Sep; 181(3):709-17. Banks BA, Cnaan A, Morgan MA, Parer JT, Merrill JD, Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 10486488.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    57. Changes in oxygenation with inhaled nitric oxide in severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics. 1999 Mar; 103(3):610-8. Banks BA, Seri I, Ischiropoulos H, Merrill J, Rychik J, Ballard RA. PMID: 10049965.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    58. Antenatal hormone therapy for fetal lung maturation. Clin Perinatol. 1998 Dec; 25(4):983-97. Merrill JD, Ballard RA. PMID: 9891625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    59. Plasma thyroid hormones in premature infants: effect of gestational age and antenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone treatment. TRH Collaborative Trial Participants. Pediatr Res. 1998 Nov; 44(5):642-9. Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Ning Y, Cnann A, Boardman C, Pinto-Martin J, Polk D, Phibbs RH, Davis DJ, Mannino FL, Hart M. PMID: 9803444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    60. Plasma 3-nitrotyrosine is elevated in premature infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics. 1998 May; 101(5):870-4. Banks BA, Ischiropoulos H, McClelland M, Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 9565417.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Antenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone to prevent lung disease in preterm infants. North American Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1998 Feb 19; 338(8):493-8. Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Cnaan A, Pinto-Martin J, Davis DJ, Padbury JF, Phibbs RH, Parer JT, Hart MC, Mannino FL, Sawai SK. PMID: 9468465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    62. Antenatal hormone therapy for improving the outcome of the preterm infant. J Perinatol. 1996 Sep-Oct; 16(5):390-6. Ballard RA, Ballard PL. PMID: 8915940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Partial deficiency of surfactant protein B in an infant with chronic lung disease. Pediatrics. 1995 Dec; 96(6):1046-52. Ballard PL, Nogee LM, Beers MF, Ballard RA, Planer BC, Polk L, deMello DE, Moxley MA, Longmore WJ. PMID: 7491219.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    64. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone for prevention of neonatal respiratory disease. Lancet. 1995 Jun 17; 345(8964):1572. Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Cnaan A, Pinto-Martin J. PMID: 7791458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Outcome of very low birth weight infants: multiple gestation versus singletons. Pediatrics. 1994 Apr; 93(4):611-5. Leonard CH, Piecuch RE, Ballard RA, Cooper BA. PMID: 7510875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Plasma thyroid hormones and prolactin in premature infants and their mothers after prenatal treatment with thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Pediatr Res. 1992 Dec; 32(6):673-8. Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Creasy RK, Padbury J, Polk DH, Bracken M, Moya FR, Gross I. PMID: 1287557.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    67. Respiratory disease in very-low-birthweight infants after prenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone and glucocorticoid. TRH Study Group. Lancet. 1992 Feb 29; 339(8792):510-5. Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Creasy RK, Padbury J, Polk DH, Bracken M, Moya FR, Gross I. PMID: 1346877.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    68. Initial clinical trial of EXOSURF, a protein-free synthetic surfactant, for the prophylaxis and early treatment of hyaline membrane disease. Pediatrics. 1991 Jul; 88(1):1-9. Phibbs RH, Ballard RA, Clements JA, Heilbron DC, Phibbs CS, Schlueter MA, Sniderman SH, Tooley WH, Wakeley A. PMID: 2057244.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    69. Recombinant human erythropoietin in the anemia of prematurity: results of a placebo-controlled pilot study. J Pediatr. 1991 Jun; 118(6):949-55. Shannon KM, Mentzer WC, Abels RI, Freeman P, Newton N, Thompson D, Sniderman S, Ballard R, Phibbs RH. PMID: 2040933.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    70. Effect of medical and social risk factors on outcome of prematurity and very low birth weight. J Pediatr. 1990 Apr; 116(4):620-6. Leonard CH, Clyman RI, Piecuch RE, Juster RP, Ballard RA, Behle MB. PMID: 2319409.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Theophylline treatment in the extubation of infants weighing less than 1,250 grams: a controlled trial. Pediatrics. 1987 Nov; 80(5):684-8. Durand DJ, Goodman A, Ray P, Ballard RA, Clyman RI. PMID: 3313257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    72. Developmental follow-up of infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Clin Perinatol. 1984 Oct; 11(3):737-44. Ballard RA, Leonard CH. PMID: 6488676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Risk factor analysis of intraventricular hemorrhage in low-birth-weight infants. J Pediatr. 1981 Oct; 99(4):625-8. Clark CE, Clyman RI, Roth RS, Sniderman SH, Lane B, Ballard RA. PMID: 7277108.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Prenatal administration of betamethasone for prevention of patient ductus arteriosus. J Pediatr. 1981 Jan; 98(1):123-6. Clyman RI, Ballard PL, Sniderman S, Ballard RA, Roth R, Heymann MA, Granberg JP. PMID: 7452388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Fetal sex and prenatal betamethasone therapy. J Pediatr. 1980 Sep; 97(3):451-4. Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Granberg JP, Sniderman S, Gluckman PD, Kaplan SL, Grumbach MM. PMID: 7411310.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Glucocorticoids in prevention of respiratory distress syndrome. Hosp Pract. 1980 Sep; 15(9):81-7. Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 6997179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    77. Control of oxygenation during the transport of sick neonates. Pediatrics. 1980 Jul; 66(1):117-9. Miller C, Clyman RI, Roth RS, Sniderman SH, Ballard RA, Henning D, Riedel P, Rosen A, Burden L. PMID: 7402772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Preliminary observations on the behavior of children present at the birth of a sibling. Pediatrics. 1979 Dec; 64(6):949-51. Leonard CH, Irwin N, Ballard RA, Ferris C, Clyman R. PMID: 514723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    79. Nosocomial respiratory syncytial virus infections in an intensive care nursery: rapid diagnosis by direct immunofluorescence. Pediatrics. 1979 Aug; 64(2):149-53. Mintz L, Ballard RA, Sniderman SH, Roth RS, Drew WL. PMID: 382079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    80. Acquired cytomegalovirus infection in preterm infants. Am J Dis Child. 1979 May; 133(5):482-5. Ballard RA, Drew WL, Hufnagle KG, Riedel PA. PMID: 219685.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. What pediatricians say to mothers of sick newborns: an indirect evaluation of the counseling process. Pediatrics. 1979 May; 63(5):719-23. Clyman RI, Sniderman SH, Ballard RA, Roth RS. PMID: 440892.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. Prenatal administration of betamethasone for prevention of respiratory distress syndrome. J Pediatr. 1979 Jan; 94(1):97-101. Ballard RA, Ballard PL, Granberg JP, Sniderman S. PMID: 758436.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Corticosteroids and respiratory distress syndrome: status 1979. Pediatrics. 1979 Jan; 63(1):163-5. Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 440794.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    84. Use of prenatal glucocorticoid therapy to prevent respiratory distress syndrome. A supporting view. Am J Dis Child. 1976 Sep; 130(9):982-7. Ballard RA, Ballard PL. PMID: 961661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial hemorrhage in premature infants. Childs Brain. 1976; 2(4):234-41. Wise BL, Ballard R. PMID: 991666.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Glucocorticoid levels in maternal and cord serum after prenatal betamethasone therapy to prevent respiratory distress syndrome. J Clin Invest. 1975 Dec; 56(6):1548-54. Ballard PL, Granberg P, Ballard RA. PMID: 1202085; PMCID: PMC333133.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    87. Cytoplasmic receptor for glucocorticoids in lung of the human fetus and neonate. J Clin Invest. 1974 Feb; 53(2):477-86. Ballard PL, Ballard RA. PMID: 11344561; PMCID: PMC301490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    88. Idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome. Treatment with continuous negative-pressure ventilation. Am J Dis Child. 1973 May; 125(5):676-81. Ballard RA, Kraybill EN, Hernandez J, Renfield ML, Blankenship WJ. PMID: 4633512.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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