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    Dieter Meyerhoff, PhD

    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address4150 Clement Street
    San Francisco CA 94121
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      University of California, San FranciscoResidency Radiology
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2015Intramural Research Review
      Academy of Radiology Research2014Distinguished Investigator Award
      NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2011Intramural Research Review
      NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2007Intramural Research Review
      NIH/NIAAA - Extramural Advisory Board (EAB) NIAAA Ad hoc Member2006NIAAA Plan for HIV-Related Biomedical Research

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Dieter Meyerhoff, PhD, is a Professor in Residence in the Department of Radiology at the University of California, San Francisco and at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. He is also Co-Director of the Treatment Research Center in the Department of Psychiatry at UCSF. Dr. Meyerhoff completed his undergraduate degree in Chemistry from Westphälische Wilhelms Universität in Münster, Germany, and he obtained his PhD in Chemistry at Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship from the University of California, Berkeley Department of Chemistry.

      Dr. Meyerhoff’s research goal is to better understand the neurodegenerative processes associated with specific insults to the human brain and repair process after removal of these insults. At the VA, Dr. Meyerhoff studies insults exceedingly common in the brain of veterans with substance dependence (alcohol, cocaine, and nicotine), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Gulf War Syndrome, and HIV infection. As senior scientist at the CIND, he primarily uses 1H MR to study mechanisms of neurodegenerative insults and recovery from them under special consideration of behavioral and cognitive correlations as well as genetic determinants.

      Dr. Meyerhoff serves as Principal Investigator, Co-Principal Investigator, and Co-Investigator on numerous NIH- and DoD-funded research projects. Dr. Meyerhoff has published more than 120 peer-reviewed research articles, has written and co-authored about 15 book chapters and presented more than 250 abstracts at national and international scientific meetings.

      nuclear magnetic resonance, neuroimaging

      Neurodegenerative processes, structural MRI, metabolic imaging via MR spectroscopy, perfusion, and diffusion tensor imaging

      Professional Interests:
      Magnetic resonance, cognition, brain, substance use disorders (alcohol, cocaine, tobacco, heroin, polysubstances), addiction, obesity, HIV/AIDS, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), neurogenetics

      Education and Training:
      • Undergraduate: Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, Münster, Germany - Chemistry
      • Dr. Rer. Nat.: Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, Münster, Germany - Chemistry
      • Postdoctoral Fellowship: University of California, Berkeley, Department of Chemistry - NMR

      Collapse Interests
      Magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, brain, cognition, substance abuse, addiction, alcoholism, nicotine dependence, obesity, HIV/AIDS, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), neurogenetics

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Websites
      Collapse Faculty Mentoring
      Collapse NIH Awarded Grants

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ, Murray DE. Comparison of Regional Brain Perfusion Levels in Chronically Smoking and Non-Smoking Adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015; 12(7):8198-213. PMID: 26193290.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Cui C, Noronha A, Warren KR, Koob GF, Sinha R, Thakkar M, Matochik J, Crews FT, Chandler LJ, Pfefferbaum A, Becker HC, Lovinger D, Everitt BJ, Egli M, Mandyam CD, Fein G, Potenza MN, Harris RA, Grant KA, Roberto M, Meyerhoff DJ, Sullivan EV. Brain pathways to recovery from alcohol dependence. Alcohol. 2015 Aug; 49(5):435-52. PMID: 26074423.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ, Mon A, Abé C, Gazdzinski S, Murray DE. Chronic Cigarette Smoking in Healthy Middle-Aged Individuals Is Associated With Decreased Regional Brain N-acetylaspartate and Glutamate Levels. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Mar 15; 79(6):481-8. PMID: 25979621.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Abé C, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Alcohol Use Disorder with and without Stimulant Use: Brain Morphometry and Its Associations with Cigarette Smoking, Cognition, and Inhibitory Control. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0122505. PMID: 25803861.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff DJ. Brain perfusion in polysubstance users: Relationship to substance and tobacco use, cognition, and self-regulation. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 May 1; 150:120-8. PMID: 25772434.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of cigarette smoking history on neurocognitive recovery over 8 months of abstinence in alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Nov; 38(11):2816-25. PMID: 25336410; PMCID: PMC4245379 [Available on 11/01/15].
      7. Young AC, Yiannoutsos CT, Hegde M, Lee E, Peterson J, Walter R, Price RW, Meyerhoff DJ, Spudich S. Cerebral metabolite changes prior to and after antiretroviral therapy in primary HIV infection. Neurology. 2014 Oct 28; 83(18):1592-600. PMID: 25261502; PMCID: PMC4223087 [Available on 10/28/15].
      8. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Abe C, Gazdzinski S, Pennington D, Schmidt T, Meyerhoff DJ. Structural brain differences in alcohol-dependent individuals with and without comorbid substance dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Nov 1; 144:170-7. PMID: 25263262.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff DJ. Serial longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging data indicate non-linear regional gray matter volume recovery in abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals. Addict Biol. 2015 Sep; 20(5):956-67. PMID: 25170881.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Hoefer ME, Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Abé C, Truran D, Hutchison KE, Meyerhoff DJ. Genetic and behavioral determinants of hippocampal volume recovery during abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol. 2014 Nov; 48(7):631-8. PMID: 25262572.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Meyerhoff DJ, Mon A, Metzler T, Neylan TC. Cortical gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate in posttraumatic stress disorder and their relationships to self-reported sleep quality. Sleep. 2014 May; 37(5):893-900. PMID: 24790267; PMCID: PMC3985106.
      12. Schmidt TP, Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Postural stability in cigarette smokers and during abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jun; 38(6):1753-60. PMID: 24721012; PMCID: PMC4063446 [Available on 06/01/15].
      13. Oz G, Alger JR, Barker PB, Bartha R, Bizzi A, Boesch C, Bolan PJ, Brindle KM, Cudalbu C, Dinçer A, Dydak U, Emir UE, Frahm J, González RG, Gruber S, Gruetter R, Gupta RK, Heerschap A, Henning A, Hetherington HP, Howe FA, Hüppi PS, Hurd RE, Kantarci K, Klomp DW, Kreis R, Kruiskamp MJ, Leach MO, Lin AP, Luijten PR, Marjanska M, Maudsley AA, Meyerhoff DJ, Mountford CE, Nelson SJ, Pamir MN, Pan JW, Peet AC, Poptani H, Posse S, Pouwels PJ, Ratai EM, Ross BD, Scheenen TW, Schuster C, Smith IC, Soher BJ, Tkác I, Vigneron DB, Kauppinen RA. Clinical proton MR spectroscopy in central nervous system disorders. Radiology. 2014 Mar; 270(3):658-79. PMID: 24568703.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Meyerhoff DJ. Brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of alcohol use disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. 2014; 125:313-37. PMID: 25307583.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Mon A, Abé C, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of fat on MR-measured metabolite signal strengths: implications for in vivo MRS studies of the human brain. NMR Biomed. 2013 Dec; 26(12):1768-74. PMID: 24115006; PMCID: PMC4103156 [Available on 12/01/14].
      16. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ, Nixon SJ. Interactive effects of chronic cigarette smoking and age on hippocampal volumes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 1; 133(2):704-11. PMID: 24051060; PMCID: PMC3870586 [Available on 12/01/14].
      17. Mon A, Cabana M, Halpern-Felsher B, Meyerhoff DJ. Human linear growth trajectory defined. Am J Hum Biol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 25(5):666-72. PMID: 23934960.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Abé C, Mon A, Hoefer ME, Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff DJ. Metabolic abnormalities in lobar and subcortical brain regions of abstinent polysubstance users: magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Alcohol Alcohol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 48(5):543-51. PMID: 23797281; PMCID: PMC3746806.
      19. Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Mon A, Abé C, Meyerhoff DJ. Neurocognition in 1-month-abstinent treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals: interactive effects of age and chronic cigarette smoking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Oct; 37(10):1794-803. PMID: 23682867; PMCID: PMC3749254.
      20. Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Mon A, Abé C, Meyerhoff DJ. The effects of chronic cigarette smoking on cognitive recovery during early abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Jul; 37(7):1220-7. PMID: 23432133; PMCID: PMC3664254.
      21. Meyerhoff DJ, Durazzo TC, Ende G. Chronic alcohol consumption, abstinence and relapse: brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies in animals and humans. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2013; 13:511-40. PMID: 21688208.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Abé C, Mon A, Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff DJ. Polysubstance and alcohol dependence: unique abnormalities of magnetic resonance-derived brain metabolite levels. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Jun 1; 130(1-3):30-7. PMID: 23122599; PMCID: PMC3624044.
      23. Durazzo TC, Hutchison KE, Fryer SL, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Associations of Cigarette Smoking and Polymorphisms in Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Catechol-O-Methyltransferase with Neurocognition in Alcohol Dependent Individuals during Early Abstinence. Front Pharmacol. 2012; 3:178. PMID: 23087644; PMCID: PMC3469037.
      24. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Hutchison KE, Pennington D, Meyerhoff DJ. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor genotype is associated with brain gray and white matter tissue volumes recovery in abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals. Genes Brain Behav. 2013 Feb; 12(1):98-107. PMID: 22989210; PMCID: PMC4140861.
      25. Schulte T, Oberlin BG, Kareken DA, Marinkovic K, Müller-Oehring EM, Meyerhoff DJ, Tapert S. How acute and chronic alcohol consumption affects brain networks: insights from multimodal neuroimaging. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Dec; 36(12):2017-27. PMID: 22577873.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Glutamate, GABA, and other cortical metabolite concentrations during early abstinence from alcohol and their associations with neurocognitive changes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Sep 1; 125(1-2):27-36. PMID: 22503310; PMCID: PMC3419314.
      27. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. Chronic cigarette smoking in alcohol dependence: associations with cortical thickness and N-acetylaspartate levels in the extended brain reward system. Addict Biol. 2013 Mar; 18(2):379-91. PMID: 22070867; PMCID: PMC4157587.
      28. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ, Nixon SJ. A comprehensive assessment of neurocognition in middle-aged chronic cigarette smokers. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Apr 1; 122(1-2):105-11. PMID: 21992872; PMCID: PMC3258460.
      29. Pulliam L, Rempel H, Sun B, Abadjian L, Calosing C, Meyerhoff DJ. A peripheral monocyte interferon phenotype in HIV infection correlates with a decrease in magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolite concentrations. AIDS. 2011 Sep 10; 25(14):1721-6. PMID: 21750421; PMCID: PMC4120827.
      30. Mon A, Delucchi K, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. A mathematical formula for prediction of gray and white matter volume recovery in abstinent alcohol dependent individuals. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Nov 30; 194(2):198-204. PMID: 21903361; PMCID: PMC3196029.
      31. Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ, Neylan TC, Hlavin J, Ramage ER, McCoy D, Studholme C, Cardenas V, Marmar C, Truran D, Chu PW, Kornak J, Furlong CE, McCarthy C. The relationship between Gulf War illness, brain N-acetylaspartate, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Mil Med. 2011 Aug; 176(8):896-902. PMID: 21882779; PMCID: PMC3279571.
      32. Cardenas VA, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Studholme C, Meyerhoff DJ. Brain morphology at entry into treatment for alcohol dependence is related to relapse propensity. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Sep 15; 70(6):561-7. PMID: 21601177; PMCID: PMC3162109.
      33. Durazzo TC, Tosun D, Buckley S, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Fryer SL, Meyerhoff DJ. Cortical thickness, surface area, and volume of the brain reward system in alcohol dependence: relationships to relapse and extended abstinence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Jun; 35(6):1187-200. PMID: 21410483; PMCID: PMC3097308.
      34. Apfel BA, Ross J, Hlavin J, Meyerhoff DJ, Metzler TJ, Marmar CR, Weiner MW, Schuff N, Neylan TC. Hippocampal volume differences in Gulf War veterans with current versus lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 15; 69(6):541-8. PMID: 21094937; PMCID: PMC3259803.
      35. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ, Nixon SJ. Chronic cigarette smoking: implications for neurocognition and brain neurobiology. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Oct; 7(10):3760-91. PMID: 21139859; PMCID: PMC2996190.
      36. Durazzo TC, Fryer SL, Rothlind JC, Vertinski M, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Measures of learning, memory and processing speed accurately predict smoking status in short-term abstinent treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol Alcohol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 45(6):507-13. PMID: 20923865; PMCID: PMC2981519.
      37. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Body mass index is associated with brain metabolite levels in alcohol dependence--a multimodal magnetic resonance study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Dec; 34(12):2089-96. PMID: 21087290; PMCID: PMC3058677.
      38. Chao LL, Rothlind JC, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW. Effects of low-level exposure to sarin and cyclosarin during the 1991 Gulf War on brain function and brain structure in US veterans. Neurotoxicology. 2010 Sep; 31(5):493-501. PMID: 20580739; PMCID: PMC2934883.
      39. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Cortical perfusion in alcohol-dependent individuals during short-term abstinence: relationships to resumption of hazardous drinking after treatment. Alcohol. 2010 May; 44(3):201-10. PMID: 20682188; PMCID: PMC3038637.
      40. Durazzo TC, Pathak V, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. Metabolite levels in the brain reward pathway discriminate those who remain abstinent from those who resume hazardous alcohol consumption after treatment for alcohol dependence. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Mar; 71(2):278-89. PMID: 20230726; PMCID: PMC2841738.
      41. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff DJ. Cerebral white matter recovery in abstinent alcoholics--a multimodality magnetic resonance study. Brain. 2010 Apr; 133(Pt 4):1043-53. PMID: 20133395; PMCID: PMC2850577.
      42. Gazdzinski S, Millin R, Kaiser LG, Durazzo TC, Mueller SG, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ. BMI and neuronal integrity in healthy, cognitively normal elderly: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Apr; 18(4):743-8. PMID: 19816410; PMCID: PMC2847061.
      43. Nezamzadeh M, Wedeen VJ, Wang R, Zhang Y, Zhan W, Young K, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW, Schuff N. In-vivo investigation of the human cingulum bundle using the optimization of MR diffusion spectrum imaging. Eur J Radiol. 2010 Jul; 75(1):e29-36. PMID: 19615838.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff DJ, Studholme C, Kornak J, Rothlind J, Lampiris H, Neuhaus J, Grant RM, Chao LL, Truran D, Weiner MW. Evidence for ongoing brain injury in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. J Neurovirol. 2009 Jul; 15(4):324-33. PMID: 19499454; PMCID: PMC2889153.
      45. Wang JJ, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Mon A, Meyerhoff DJ. MRSI and DTI: a multimodal approach for improved detection of white matter abnormalities in alcohol and nicotine dependence. NMR Biomed. 2009 Jun; 22(5):516-22. PMID: 19156697; PMCID: PMC4156512.
      46. Yeh PH, Simpson K, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS) of diffusion tensor imaging data in alcohol dependence: abnormalities of the motivational neurocircuitry. Psychiatry Res. 2009 Jul 15; 173(1):22-30. PMID: 19442492; PMCID: PMC2774502.
      47. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. The impact of chronic cigarette smoking on recovery from cortical gray matter perfusion deficits in alcohol dependence: longitudinal arterial spin labeling MRI. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Aug; 33(8):1314-21. PMID: 19413652; PMCID: PMC2975051.
      48. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff DJ. Combined neuroimaging, neurocognitive and psychiatric factors to predict alcohol consumption following treatment for alcohol dependence. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 43(6):683-91. PMID: 18818189; PMCID: PMC2720770.
      49. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. The relationships of sociodemographic factors, medical, psychiatric, and substance-misuse co-morbidities to neurocognition in short-term abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol. 2008 Sep; 42(6):439-49. PMID: 18760713; PMCID: PMC2597590.
      50. Meyerhoff DJ, Durazzo TC. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in alcohol use disorders: a potential new endophenotype? Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 Jul; 32(7):1146-58. PMID: 18540913; PMCID: PMC2547131.
      51. Gazdzinski S, Kornak J, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ. Body mass index and magnetic resonance markers of brain integrity in adults. Ann Neurol. 2008 May; 63(5):652-7. PMID: 18409192; PMCID: PMC2542059.
      52. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ. Are treated alcoholics representative of the entire population with alcohol use disorders? A magnetic resonance study of brain injury. Alcohol. 2008 Mar; 42(2):67-76. PMID: 18358984; PMCID: PMC2426953.
      53. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Yeh PH, Hardin D, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. Chronic cigarette smoking modulates injury and short-term recovery of the medial temporal lobe in alcoholics. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Feb 28; 162(2):133-45. PMID: 18178068; PMCID: PMC2270338.
      54. Kaiser LG, Young K, Meyerhoff DJ, Mueller SG, Matson GB. A detailed analysis of localized J-difference GABA editing: theoretical and experimental study at 4 T. NMR Biomed. 2008 Jan; 21(1):22-32. PMID: 17377933.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ. Chronic cigarette smoking and heavy drinking in human immunodeficiency virus: consequences for neurocognition and brain morphology. Alcohol. 2007 Nov; 41(7):489-501. PMID: 17923369; PMCID: PMC2443733.
      56. Yeh PH, Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Sjöstrand K, Meyerhoff DJ. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) of longitudinal brain structural and cognitive changes in alcohol-dependent individuals during sobriety. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Dec 1; 91(2-3):195-204. PMID: 17644276.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Neurobiological and neurocognitive effects of chronic cigarette smoking and alcoholism. Front Biosci. 2007; 12:4079-100. PMID: 17485360.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff DJ. The neurobiological and neurocognitive consequences of chronic cigarette smoking in alcohol use disorders. Alcohol Alcohol. 2007 May-Jun; 42(3):174-85. PMID: 17526627.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. Chronic smoking is associated with differential neurocognitive recovery in abstinent alcoholic patients: a preliminary investigation. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jul; 31(7):1114-27. PMID: 17451399.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Paul RH, Yiannoutsos CT, Miller EN, Chang L, Marra CM, Schifitto G, Ernst T, Singer E, Richards T, Jarvik GJ, Price R, Meyerhoff DJ, Kolson D, Ellis RJ, Gonzalez G, Lenkinski RE, Cohen RA, Navia BA. Proton MRS and neuropsychological correlates in AIDS dementia complex: evidence of subcortical specificity. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007; 19(3):283-92. PMID: 17827413.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Deformation-based morphometry of brain changes in alcohol dependence and abstinence. Neuroimage. 2007 Feb 1; 34(3):879-87. PMID: 17127079; PMCID: PMC1865510.
      62. Durazzo TC, Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff DJ. Non-treatment-seeking heavy drinkers: effects of chronic cigarette smoking on brain structure. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Feb 23; 87(1):76-82. PMID: 16950573; PMCID: PMC2443734.
      63. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. A comparison of neurocognitive function in nonsmoking and chronically smoking short-term abstinent alcoholics. Alcohol. 2006 May; 39(1):1-11. PMID: 16938624.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo T, Jahng GH, Ezekiel F, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Effects of chronic alcohol dependence and chronic cigarette smoking on cerebral perfusion: a preliminary magnetic resonance study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Jun; 30(6):947-58. PMID: 16737452; PMCID: PMC2533315.
      65. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Rothlind JC, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. Brain metabolite concentrations and neurocognition during short-term recovery from alcohol dependence: Preliminary evidence of the effects of concurrent chronic cigarette smoking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Mar; 30(3):539-51. PMID: 16499496.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Meyerhoff DJ, Tizabi Y, Staley JK, Durazzo TC, Glass JM, Nixon SJ. Smoking comorbidity in alcoholism: neurobiological and neurocognitive consequences. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Feb; 30(2):253-64. PMID: 16441274.
        View in: PubMed
      67. Schuff N, Meyerhoff DJ, Mueller S, Chao L, Sacrey DT, Laxer K, Weiner MW. N-acetylaspartate as a marker of neuronal injury in neurodegenerative disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2006; 576:241-62; discussion 361-3. PMID: 16802717; PMCID: PMC1779762.
      68. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Studholme C, Song E, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. Quantitative brain MRI in alcohol dependence: preliminary evidence for effects of concurrent chronic cigarette smoking on regional brain volumes. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Aug; 29(8):1484-95. PMID: 16131857.
        View in: PubMed
      69. Cardenas VA, Chao LL, Blumenfeld R, Song E, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW, Studholme C. Using automated morphometry to detect associations between ERP latency and structural brain MRI in normal adults. Hum Brain Mapp. 2005 Jul; 25(3):317-27. PMID: 15834860; PMCID: PMC2443725.
      70. Meyerhoff DJ, Bode C, Nixon SJ, de Bruin EA, Bode JC, Seitz HK. Health risks of chronic moderate and heavy alcohol consumption: how much is too much? Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Jul; 29(7):1334-40. PMID: 16088997.
        View in: PubMed
      71. Jahng GH, Stables L, Ebel A, Matson GB, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW, Schuff N. Sensitive and fast T1 mapping based on two inversion recovery images and a reference image. Med Phys. 2005 Jun; 32(6):1524-8. PMID: 16013709; PMCID: PMC2443728.
      72. Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Meyerhoff DJ, Song E, Weiner MW. Chronic active heavy drinking and family history of problem drinking modulate regional brain tissue volumes. Psychiatry Res. 2005 Feb 28; 138(2):115-30. PMID: 15766635.
        View in: PubMed
      73. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ. Temporal dynamics and determinants of whole brain tissue volume changes during recovery from alcohol dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Jun 1; 78(3):263-73. PMID: 15893157.
        View in: PubMed
      74. Rothlind JC, Greenfield TM, Bruce AV, Meyerhoff DJ, Flenniken DL, Lindgren JA, Weiner MW. Heavy alcohol consumption in individuals with HIV infection: effects on neuropsychological performance. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Jan; 11(1):70-83. PMID: 15686610; PMCID: PMC2376753.
      75. Bloomer CW, Langleben DD, Meyerhoff DJ. Magnetic resonance detects brainstem changes in chronic, active heavy drinkers. Psychiatry Res. 2004 Dec 30; 132(3):209-18. PMID: 15664792.
        View in: PubMed
      76. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff DJ. Cigarette smoking exacerbates chronic alcohol-induced brain damage: a preliminary metabolite imaging study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Dec; 28(12):1849-60. PMID: 15608601.
        View in: PubMed
      77. Yiannoutsos CT, Ernst T, Chang L, Lee PL, Richards T, Marra CM, Meyerhoff DJ, Jarvik JG, Kolson D, Schifitto G, Ellis RJ, Swindells S, Simpson DM, Miller EN, Gonzalez RG, Navia BA. Regional patterns of brain metabolites in AIDS dementia complex. Neuroimage. 2004 Nov; 23(3):928-35. PMID: 15528093.
        View in: PubMed
      78. Meyerhoff DJ, Blumenfeld R, Truran D, Lindgren J, Flenniken D, Cardenas V, Chao LL, Rothlind J, Studholme C, Weiner MW. Effects of heavy drinking, binge drinking, and family history of alcoholism on regional brain metabolites. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Apr; 28(4):650-61. PMID: 15100618; PMCID: PMC2365749.
      79. Chao LL, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff DJ, Rothlind JC, Flenniken DL, Lindgren JA, Weiner MW. Abnormal contingent negative variation in HIV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. Neuroreport. 2003 Nov 14; 14(16):2111-5. PMID: 14600507; PMCID: PMC2733942.
      80. Chao LL, Meyerhoff DJ, Cardenas VA, Rothlind JC, Weiner MW. Abnormal CNV in chronic heavy drinkers. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2081-95. PMID: 14580606.
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      81. Lee PL, Yiannoutsos CT, Ernst T, Chang L, Marra CM, Jarvik JG, Richards TL, Kwok EW, Kolson DL, Simpson D, Tang CY, Schifitto G, Ketonen LM, Meyerhoff DJ, Lenkinski RE, Gonzalez RG, Navia BA. A multi-center 1H MRS study of the AIDS dementia complex: validation and preliminary analysis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Jun; 17(6):625-33. PMID: 12766890.
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      82. Estilaei MR, Matson GB, Meyerhoff DJ. Indirect imaging of ethanol via magnetization transfer at high and low magnetic fields. Magn Reson Med. 2003 Apr; 49(4):755-9. PMID: 12652547.
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      83. Fein G, Di Sclafani V, Meyerhoff DJ. Prefrontal cortical volume reduction associated with frontal cortex function deficit in 6-week abstinent crack-cocaine dependent men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002 Sep 1; 68(1):87-93. PMID: 12167554; PMCID: PMC2857690.
      84. Fein G, Di Sclafani V, Cardenas VA, Goldmann H, Tolou-Shams M, Meyerhoff DJ. Cortical gray matter loss in treatment-naïve alcohol dependent individuals. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2002 Apr; 26(4):558-64. PMID: 11981133; PMCID: PMC2435064.
      85. O'Neill J, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of abstinence on the brain: quantitative magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging in chronic alcohol abuse. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 Nov; 25(11):1673-82. PMID: 11707642.
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      86. O'Neill J, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff DJ. Separate and interactive effects of cocaine and alcohol dependence on brain structures and metabolites: quantitative MRI and proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Addict Biol. 2001 Sep; 6(4):347-361. PMID: 11900613.
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      87. Estilaei MR, Matson GB, Payne GS, Leach MO, Fein G, Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of abstinence from alcohol on the broad phospholipid signal in human brain: an in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 Aug; 25(8):1213-20. PMID: 11505053.
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      88. Estilaei MR, Matson GB, Payne GS, Leach MO, Fein G, Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of chronic alcohol consumption on the broad phospholipid signal in human brain: an in vivo 31P MRS study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 Jan; 25(1):89-97. PMID: 11198719.
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      89. Meyerhoff DJ. Effects of alcohol and HIV infection on the central nervous system. Alcohol Res Health. 2001; 25(4):288-98. PMID: 11910707.
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      90. Soher BJ, Vermathen P, Schuff N, Wiedermann D, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW, Maudsley AA. Short TE in vivo (1)H MR spectroscopic imaging at 1.5 T: acquisition and automated spectral analysis. Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Nov; 18(9):1159-65. PMID: 11118771.
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      91. Fein G, Meyerhoff DJ. Ethanol in human brain by magnetic resonance spectroscopy: correlation with blood and breath levels, relaxation, and magnetization transfer. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Aug; 24(8):1227-35. PMID: 10968662.
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      92. Meyerhoff DJ, Bloomer C, Schuff N, Ezekiel F, Norman D, Clark W, Weiner MW, Fein G. Cortical metabolite alterations in abstinent cocaine and cocaine/alcohol-dependent subjects: proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Addict Biol. 1999 Oct; 4(4):405-19. PMID: 20575809; PMCID: PMC2893339.
      93. Meyerhoff DJ. Proton magnetization transfer of metabolites in human brain. Magn Reson Med. 1999 Sep; 42(3):417-20. PMID: 10467283.
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      94. Meyerhoff DJ, Bloomer C, Cardenas V, Norman D, Weiner MW, Fein G. Elevated subcortical choline metabolites in cognitively and clinically asymptomatic HIV+ patients. Neurology. 1999 Mar 23; 52(5):995-1003. PMID: 10102419.
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      95. Schuff N, Amend DL, Meyerhoff DJ, Tanabe JL, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. Alzheimer disease: quantitative H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging of frontoparietal brain. Radiology. 1998 Apr; 207(1):91-102. PMID: 9530304; PMCID: PMC2753252.
      96. Govindaraju V, Meyerhoff DJ, Maudsley AA, Vermathen M, Weiner MW. Effects of brain membranes on 1H nuclear magnetic resonance signal intensity of ethanol in vitro. Alcohol Alcohol. 1997 Nov-Dec; 32(6):671-81. PMID: 9463721; PMCID: PMC2733340.
      97. Rooney WD, Goodkin DE, Schuff N, Meyerhoff DJ, Norman D, Weiner MW. 1H MRSI of normal appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 1997 Aug; 3(4):231-7. PMID: 9372505.
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      98. Di Sclafani V, Mackay RD, Meyerhoff DJ, Norman D, Weiner MW, Fein G. Brain atrophy in HIV infection is more strongly associated with CDC clinical stage than with cognitive impairment. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 1997 May; 3(3):276-87. PMID: 9161107; PMCID: PMC2709487.
      99. Cruz CJ, Aminoff MJ, Meyerhoff DJ, Graham SH, Weiner MW. Proton MR spectroscopic imaging of the striatum in Parkinson's disease. Magn Reson Imaging. 1997; 15(6):619-24. PMID: 9285801.
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      100. Meyerhoff DJ, Rooney WD, Tokumitsu T, Weiner MW. Evidence of multiple ethanol pools in the brain: an in vivo proton magnetization transfer study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1996 Oct; 20(7):1283-8. PMID: 8904983.
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      101. Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW, Fein G. Deep gray matter structures in HIV infection: a proton MR spectroscopic study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1996 May; 17(5):973-8. PMID: 8733976; PMCID: PMC2733344.
      102. MacKay S, Ezekiel F, Di Sclafani V, Meyerhoff DJ, Gerson J, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. Alzheimer disease and subcortical ischemic vascular dementia: evaluation by combining MR imaging segmentation and H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 1996 Feb; 198(2):537-45. PMID: 8596863; PMCID: PMC2733362.
      103. MacKay S, Meyerhoff DJ, Constans JM, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. Regional gray and white matter metabolite differences in subjects with AD, with subcortical ischemic vascular dementia, and elderly controls with 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Arch Neurol. 1996 Feb; 53(2):167-74. PMID: 8639067; PMCID: PMC2733342.
      104. Constans JM, Meyerhoff DJ, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. 1H and 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of white matter signal hyperintensity areas in elderly subjects. Neuroradiology. 1995 Nov; 37(8):615-23. PMID: 8748891.
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      105. Constans JM, Meyerhoff DJ, Gerson J, MacKay S, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging of white matter signal hyperintensities: Alzheimer disease and ischemic vascular dementia. Radiology. 1995 Nov; 197(2):517-23. PMID: 7480705; PMCID: PMC2780019.
      106. Di Sclafani V, Ezekiel F, Meyerhoff DJ, MacKay S, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. Brain atrophy and cognitive function in older abstinent alcoholic men. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1995 Oct; 19(5):1121-6. PMID: 8561279; PMCID: PMC2780027.
      107. Meyerhoff DJ, MacKay S, Sappey-Marinier D, Deicken R, Calabrese G, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. Effects of chronic alcohol abuse and HIV infection on brain phosphorus metabolites. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1995 Jun; 19(3):685-92. PMID: 7573794.
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      108. Plesh O, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW. Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy of human masseter muscle. J Dent Res. 1995 Jan; 74(1):338-44. PMID: 7876427.
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      109. Deicken RF, Calabrese G, Merrin EL, Meyerhoff DJ, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. 31phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the frontal and parietal lobes in chronic schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 1994 Oct 15; 36(8):503-10. PMID: 7827212.
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      110. Meyerhoff DJ, MacKay S, Constans JM, Norman D, Van Dyke C, Fein G, Weiner MW. Axonal injury and membrane alterations in Alzheimer's disease suggested by in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Ann Neurol. 1994 Jul; 36(1):40-7. PMID: 8024260.
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      111. Maudsley AA, Wu Z, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW. Automated processing for proton spectroscopic imaging using water reference deconvolution. Magn Reson Med. 1994 Jun; 31(6):589-95. PMID: 8057811.
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      112. Vion-Dury J, Meyerhoff DJ, Cozzone PJ, Weiner MW. What might be the impact on neurology of the analysis of brain metabolism by in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy? J Neurol. 1994 May; 241(6):354-71. PMID: 7931430.
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      113. Meyerhoff DJ, MacKay S, Poole N, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. N-acetylaspartate reductions measured by 1H MRSI in cognitively impaired HIV-seropositive individuals. Magn Reson Imaging. 1994; 12(4):653-9. PMID: 8057770.
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      114. MacKay S, Meyerhoff DJ, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. Alteration of brain phospholipid metabolites in cocaine-dependent polysubstance abusers. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Aug 15; 34(4):261-4. PMID: 8399823.
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      115. Matson GB, Meyerhoff DJ, Lawry TJ, Lara RS, Duijn J, Deicken RF, Weiner MW. Use of computer simulations for quantitation of 31P ISIS MRS results. NMR Biomed. 1993 May-Jun; 6(3):215-24. PMID: 8347456.
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      116. Meyerhoff DJ, MacKay S, Bachman L, Poole N, Dillon WP, Weiner MW, Fein G. Reduced brain N-acetylaspartate suggests neuronal loss in cognitively impaired human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive individuals: in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Neurology. 1993 Mar; 43(3 Pt 1):509-15. PMID: 8450992.
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      117. Meyerhoff DJ, Karczmar GS, Valone F, Venook A, Matson GB, Weiner MW. Hepatic cancers and their response to chemoembolization therapy. Quantitative image-guided 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Invest Radiol. 1992 Jun; 27(6):456-64. PMID: 1318873.
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      118. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Steinman SK, Meyerhoff DJ, Massie BM, Weiner MW. Metabolic response of the human heart to inotropic stimulation: in vivo phosphorus-31 studies of normal and cardiomyopathic myocardium. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Jun; 25(2):260-72. PMID: 1614310.
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      119. Sappey-Marinier D, Deicken RF, Fein G, Calabrese G, Hubesch B, Van Dyke C, Dillon WP, Davenport L, Meyerhoff DJ, Weiner MW. Alterations in brain phosphorus metabolite concentrations associated with areas of high signal intensity in white matter at MR imaging. Radiology. 1992 Apr; 183(1):247-56. PMID: 1549681.
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      120. Meyerhoff DJ, Maudsley AA, Schaefer S, Weiner MW. Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance metabolite imaging in the human body. Magn Reson Imaging. 1992; 10(2):245-56. PMID: 1564993.
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      121. Karczmar GS, Meyerhoff DJ, Boska MD, Hubesch B, Poole J, Matson GB, Valone F, Weiner MW. P-31 spectroscopy study of response of superficial human tumors to therapy. Radiology. 1991 Apr; 179(1):149-53. PMID: 2006266.
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      122. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Gober J, Meyerhoff DJ, Smekal A, Massie B, Weiner MW. Myocardial high-energy phosphates in reactive hyperemia. Am J Physiol. 1990 Oct; 259(4 Pt 2):H1190-6. PMID: 2221125.
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      123. Boska MD, Meyerhoff DJ, Twieg DB, Karczmar GS, Matson GB, Weiner MW. Image-guided 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy of normal and transplanted human kidneys. Kidney Int. 1990 Aug; 38(2):294-300. PMID: 2402121.
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      124. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Meyerhoff DJ, Gober J, Fochler P, Massie B, Weiner MW. Dynamic relation between myocardial contractility and energy metabolism during and following brief coronary occlusion in the pig. Circ Res. 1990 Aug; 67(2):490-500. PMID: 2376083.
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      125. Meyerhoff DJ, Karczmar GS, Matson GB, Boska MD, Weiner MW. Non-invasive quantitation of human liver metabolites using image-guided 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. NMR Biomed. 1990 Feb; 3(1):17-22. PMID: 2390449.
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      126. Boska MD, Hubesch B, Meyerhoff DJ, Twieg DB, Karczmar GS, Matson GB, Weiner MW. Comparison of 31P MRS and 1H MRI at 1.5 and 2.0 T. Magn Reson Med. 1990 Feb; 13(2):228-38. PMID: 2314213.
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      127. Hubesch B, Sappey-Marinier D, Roth K, Meyerhoff DJ, Matson GB, Weiner MW. P-31 MR spectroscopy of normal human brain and brain tumors. Radiology. 1990 Feb; 174(2):401-9. PMID: 2296651.
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      128. Weiner MW, Hetherington H, Hubesch B, Karczmar G, Massie B, Maudsley A, Meyerhoff DJ, Sappey-Marinier D, Schaefer S, Twieg DB, et al. Clinical magnetic resonance spectroscopy of brain, heart, liver, kidney, and cancer. A quantitative approach. NMR Biomed. 1989 Dec; 2(5-6):290-7. PMID: 2701809.
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      129. Twieg DB, Meyerhoff DJ, Hubesch B, Roth K, Sappey-Marinier D, Boska MD, Gober JR, Schaefer S, Weiner MW. Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in humans by spectroscopic imaging: localized spectroscopy and metabolite imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1989 Dec; 12(3):291-305. PMID: 2628680.
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      130. Meyerhoff DJ, Karczmar GS, Weiner MW. Abnormalities of the liver evaluated by 31P MRS. Invest Radiol. 1989 Dec; 24(12):980-4. PMID: 2606636.
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      131. Karczmar GS, Meyerhoff DJ, Speder A, Valone F, Wilkinson M, Shine N, Boska MD, Weiner MW. Response of tumors to therapy studied by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Invest Radiol. 1989 Dec; 24(12):1020-3. PMID: 2606630.
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      132. Meyerhoff DJ, Boska MD, Thomas AM, Weiner MW. Alcoholic liver disease: quantitative image-guided P-31 MR spectroscopy. Radiology. 1989 Nov; 173(2):393-400. PMID: 2798871.
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