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Dieter Meyerhoff, PhD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentRadiology
Address4150 Clement St
San Francisco CA 94121
Phone415-221-4810 ext. 24803
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency Radiology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2015Intramural Research Review
    Academy of Radiology Research2014Distinguished Investigator Award
    NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2011Intramural Research Review
    NIH/NIAAA - Board of Scientific Counselors NIAAA Ad Hoc Member2007Intramural Research Review
    NIH/NIAAA - Extramural Advisory Board (EAB) NIAAA Ad hoc Member2006NIAAA Plan for HIV-Related Biomedical Research

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dieter Meyerhoff, PhD, is a Professor in Residence in the Department of Radiology at the University of California, San Francisco and at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. He is also Co-Director of the Treatment Research Center in the Department of Psychiatry at UCSF. Dr. Meyerhoff completed his undergraduate degree in Chemistry from Westphälische Wilhelms Universität in Münster, Germany, and he obtained his PhD in Chemistry at Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship from the University of California, Berkeley Department of Chemistry.

    Dr. Meyerhoff’s research goal is to better understand the neurodegenerative processes associated with specific insults to the human brain and repair process after removal of these insults. At the VA, Dr. Meyerhoff studies insults exceedingly common in the brain of veterans with substance dependence (alcohol, cocaine, and nicotine), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Gulf War Syndrome, and HIV infection. As senior scientist at the CIND, he primarily uses 1H MR to study mechanisms of neurodegenerative insults and recovery from them under special consideration of behavioral and cognitive correlations as well as genetic determinants.

    Dr. Meyerhoff serves as Principal Investigator, Co-Principal Investigator, and Co-Investigator on numerous NIH- and DoD-funded research projects. Dr. Meyerhoff has published more than 120 peer-reviewed research articles, has written and co-authored about 15 book chapters and presented more than 250 abstracts at national and international scientific meetings.

    Expertise:
    nuclear magnetic resonance, neuroimaging

    Specialty:
    Neurodegenerative processes, structural MRI, metabolic imaging via MR spectroscopy, perfusion, and diffusion tensor imaging

    Professional Interests:
    Magnetic resonance, cognition, brain, substance use disorders (alcohol, cocaine, tobacco, heroin, polysubstances), addiction, obesity, HIV/AIDS, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), neurogenetics

    Education and Training:
    • Undergraduate: Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, Münster, Germany - Chemistry
    • Dr. Rer. Nat.: Westphälische Wilhelms Universität, Münster, Germany - Chemistry
    • Postdoctoral Fellowship: University of California, Berkeley, Department of Chemistry - NMR


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Neuropsychobiology in Polysubstance Abusers during Abstinence
    NIH/NIDA R01DA039903Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Polysubstance Use and Chronic Smoking: Neuroimaging and Cognition
    NIH/NIDA R21DA025202Aug 15, 2009 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Resource for MRI of Neurodegenerative Disorders
    NIH/NCRR P41RR023953Sep 15, 2008 - Jun 30, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator
    The Biological Basis of Alcohol-and Smoking-Induced Brain Injury
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA010788Aug 1, 1996 - Aug 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Treatment for Complex Patients: Continuing and Extended Care
    NIH/NIDA P50DA009253Sep 29, 1994 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Faculty Mentoring

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Sanford R, Ances BM, Meyerhoff D, Price RW, Fuchs D, Zetterberg H, Spudich S, Collins DL. Longitudinal Trajectories of Brain Volume and Cortical Thickness in Treated and Untreated Primary HIV Infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29697762.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Zou X, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Regional Brain Volume Changes in Alcohol-dependent Individuals during Short-term and Long-term Abstinence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Apr 19. PMID: 29672876.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Meyerhoff D, Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Pennington DL. Brain GABA and Glutamate Concentrations Following Chronic Gabapentin Administration: A Convenience Sample Studied During Early Abstinence From Alcohol. Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9:78. PMID: 29599727.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Murray TA, Abé C, Guydish J, Meyerhoff D. Regional cerebral blood flow in opiate dependence relates to substance use and neuropsychological performance. Addict Biol. 2018 Mar; 23(2):781-795. PMID: 28627790.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rahimy E, Li FY, Hagberg L, Fuchs D, Robertson K, Meyerhoff D, Zetterberg H, Price RW, Gisslén M, Spudich S. Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption Is Initiated During Primary HIV Infection and Not Rapidly Altered by Antiretroviral Therapy. J Infect Dis. 2017 Apr 01; 215(7):1132-1140. PMID: 28368497.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Zou Y, Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Murray TA, Meyerhoff D. Effects of abstinence and chronic cigarette smoking on white matter microstructure in alcohol dependence: Diffusion tensor imaging at 4T. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 06 01; 175:42-50. PMID: 28384535.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Meyerhoff D. Structural Neuroimaging in Polysubstance Users. Curr Opin Behav Sci. 2017 Feb; 13:13-18. PMID: 28094824.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Psychiatric, Demographic, and Brain Morphological Predictors of Relapse After Treatment for an Alcohol Use Disorder. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Jan; 41(1):107-116. PMID: 27883214.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Schmidt TP, Pennington DL, Cardoos SL, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Neurocognition and inhibitory control in polysubstance use disorders: Comparison with alcohol use disorders and changes with abstinence. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2017 Feb; 39(1):22-34. PMID: 27690739.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Gitik M, Srivastava V, Hodgkinson CA, Shen PH, Goldman D, Meyerhoff D. Association of Superoxide Dismutase 2 (SOD2) Genotype with Gray Matter Volume Shrinkage in Chronic Alcohol Users: Replication and Further Evaluation of an Addiction Gene Panel. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2016 Sep; 19(9). PMID: 27207918.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Wright PW, Pyakurel A, Vaida FF, Price RW, Lee E, Peterson J, Fuchs D, Zetterberg H, Robertson KR, Walter R, Meyerhoff D, Spudich SS, Ances BM. Putamen volume and its clinical and neurological correlates in primary HIV infection. AIDS. 2016 Jul 17; 30(11):1789-94. PMID: 27045376; PMCID: PMC4925211 [Available on 07/17/17].
    12. Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Abé C, Guydish J, Meyerhoff D. Frontal Metabolite Concentration Deficits in Opiate Dependence Relate to Substance Use, Cognition, and Self-Regulation. J Addict Res Ther. 2016 08; 7(4). PMID: 27695638.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. Regional brain volume changes in alcohol-dependent individuals during early abstinence: associations with relapse following treatment. Addict Biol. 2017 Sep; 22(5):1416-1425. PMID: 27329647.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Meyerhoff D. Time for Cigarette Smoke Exposure Chambers? Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2016 05; 40(5):936-8. PMID: 26990486; PMCID: PMC4844762 [Available on 05/01/17].
    15. Durazzo TC, Murray DE, Meyerhoff D. Reply to: On the Correction of Effects of Flip Angle in 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Signal Acquired Using Stimulated Echo Acquisition Mode Sequence. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 01 15; 81(2):e17. PMID: 27063070.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Mon A, Abé C, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Fat may affect magnetic resonance signal intensity and brain tissue volumes. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2016 Mar-Apr; 10(2):211-5. PMID: 26259685; PMCID: PMC4876040 [Available on 03/01/17].
    17. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D, Murray DE. Comparison of Regional Brain Perfusion Levels in Chronically Smoking and Non-Smoking Adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Jul 16; 12(7):8198-213. PMID: 26193290; PMCID: PMC4515717.
    18. Cui C, Noronha A, Warren KR, Koob GF, Sinha R, Thakkar M, Matochik J, Crews FT, Chandler LJ, Pfefferbaum A, Becker HC, Lovinger D, Everitt BJ, Egli M, Mandyam CD, Fein G, Potenza MN, Harris RA, Grant KA, Roberto M, Meyerhoff D, Sullivan EV. Brain pathways to recovery from alcohol dependence. Alcohol. 2015 Aug; 49(5):435-52. PMID: 26074423; PMCID: PMC4468789.
    19. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D, Mon A, Abé C, Gazdzinski S, Murray DE. Chronic Cigarette Smoking in Healthy Middle-Aged Individuals Is Associated With Decreased Regional Brain N-acetylaspartate and Glutamate Levels. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Mar 15; 79(6):481-8. PMID: 25979621.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Abé C, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Alcohol use disorder with and without stimulant use: brain morphometry and its associations with cigarette smoking, cognition, and inhibitory control. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0122505. PMID: 25803861; PMCID: PMC4372577.
    21. Murray DE, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff D. Brain perfusion in polysubstance users: relationship to substance and tobacco use, cognition, and self-regulation. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 May 01; 150:120-8. PMID: 25772434; PMCID: PMC4387082.
    22. Wright PW, Vaida FF, Fernández RJ, Rutlin J, Price RW, Lee E, Peterson J, Fuchs D, Shimony JS, Robertson KR, Walter R, Meyerhoff D, Spudich S, Ances BM. Cerebral white matter integrity during primary HIV infection. AIDS. 2015 Feb 20; 29(4):433-42. PMID: 25513818; PMCID: PMC4916955.
    23. Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff D. Effects of cigarette smoking history on neurocognitive recovery over 8 months of abstinence in alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Nov; 38(11):2816-25. PMID: 25336410; PMCID: PMC4245379.
    24. Young AC, Yiannoutsos CT, Hegde M, Lee E, Peterson J, Walter R, Price RW, Meyerhoff D, Spudich S. Cerebral metabolite changes prior to and after antiretroviral therapy in primary HIV infection. Neurology. 2014 Oct 28; 83(18):1592-600. PMID: 25261502; PMCID: PMC4223087.
    25. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Abe C, Gazdzinski S, Pennington D, Schmidt T, Meyerhoff D. Structural brain differences in alcohol-dependent individuals with and without comorbid substance dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Nov 01; 144:170-7. PMID: 25263262; PMCID: PMC4280666.
    26. Pennington DL, Abé C, Batki SL, Meyerhoff D. A preliminary examination of cortical neurotransmitter levels associated with heavy drinking in posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Dec 30; 224(3):281-7. PMID: 25444536; PMCID: PMC4254450.
    27. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff D. Serial longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging data indicate non-linear regional gray matter volume recovery in abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals. Addict Biol. 2015 Sep; 20(5):956-67. PMID: 25170881; PMCID: PMC4345147.
    28. Hoefer ME, Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Abé C, Truran D, Hutchison KE, Meyerhoff D. Genetic and behavioral determinants of hippocampal volume recovery during abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol. 2014 Nov; 48(7):631-8. PMID: 25262572; PMCID: PMC4266697.
    29. Meyerhoff D, Mon A, Metzler T, Neylan TC. Cortical gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate in posttraumatic stress disorder and their relationships to self-reported sleep quality. Sleep. 2014 May 01; 37(5):893-900. PMID: 24790267; PMCID: PMC3985106.
    30. Schmidt TP, Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Postural stability in cigarette smokers and during abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jun; 38(6):1753-60. PMID: 24721012; PMCID: PMC4063446.
    31. Oz G, Alger JR, Barker PB, Bartha R, Bizzi A, Boesch C, Bolan PJ, Brindle KM, Cudalbu C, Dinçer A, Dydak U, Emir UE, Frahm J, González RG, Gruber S, Gruetter R, Gupta RK, Heerschap A, Henning A, Hetherington HP, Howe FA, Hüppi PS, Hurd RE, Kantarci K, Klomp DW, Kreis R, Kruiskamp MJ, Leach MO, Lin AP, Luijten PR, Marjanska M, Maudsley AA, Meyerhoff D, Mountford CE, Nelson SJ, Pamir MN, Pan JW, Peet AC, Poptani H, Posse S, Pouwels PJ, Ratai EM, Ross BD, Scheenen TW, Schuster C, Smith IC, Soher BJ, Tkác I, Vigneron DB, Kauppinen RA. Clinical proton MR spectroscopy in central nervous system disorders. Radiology. 2014 Mar; 270(3):658-79. PMID: 24568703; PMCID: PMC4263653.
    32. Meyerhoff D. Brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of alcohol use disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. 2014; 125:313-37. PMID: 25307583; PMCID: PMC4876042.
    33. Mon A, Abé C, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Effects of fat on MR-measured metabolite signal strengths: implications for in vivo MRS studies of the human brain. NMR Biomed. 2013 Dec; 26(12):1768-74. PMID: 24115006; PMCID: PMC4103156.
    34. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D, Nixon SJ. Interactive effects of chronic cigarette smoking and age on hippocampal volumes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 01; 133(2):704-11. PMID: 24051060; PMCID: PMC3870586.
    35. Mon A, Cabana M, Halpern-Felsher B, Meyerhoff D. Human linear growth trajectory defined. Am J Hum Biol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 25(5):666-72. PMID: 23934960; PMCID: PMC4489416.
    36. Abé C, Mon A, Hoefer ME, Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff D. Metabolic abnormalities in lobar and subcortical brain regions of abstinent polysubstance users: magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Alcohol Alcohol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 48(5):543-51. PMID: 23797281; PMCID: PMC3746806.
    37. Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Mon A, Abé C, Meyerhoff D. Neurocognition in 1-month-abstinent treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals: interactive effects of age and chronic cigarette smoking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Oct; 37(10):1794-803. PMID: 23682867; PMCID: PMC3749254.
    38. Peluso MJ, Meyerhoff D, Price RW, Peterson J, Lee E, Young AC, Walter R, Fuchs D, Brew BJ, Cinque P, Robertson K, Hagberg L, Zetterberg H, Gisslén M, Spudich S. Cerebrospinal fluid and neuroimaging biomarker abnormalities suggest early neurological injury in a subset of individuals during primary HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jun 01; 207(11):1703-12. PMID: 23460748; PMCID: PMC3636785.
    39. Pennington DL, Durazzo TC, Schmidt TP, Mon A, Abé C, Meyerhoff D. The effects of chronic cigarette smoking on cognitive recovery during early abstinence from alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Jul; 37(7):1220-7. PMID: 23432133; PMCID: PMC3664254.
    40. Meyerhoff D, Durazzo TC, Ende G. Chronic alcohol consumption, abstinence and relapse: brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies in animals and humans. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2013; 13:511-40. PMID: 21688208.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Abé C, Mon A, Durazzo TC, Pennington DL, Schmidt TP, Meyerhoff D. Polysubstance and alcohol dependence: unique abnormalities of magnetic resonance-derived brain metabolite levels. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Jun 01; 130(1-3):30-7. PMID: 23122599; PMCID: PMC3624044.
    42. Durazzo TC, Hutchison KE, Fryer SL, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Associations of Cigarette Smoking and Polymorphisms in Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Catechol-O-Methyltransferase with Neurocognition in Alcohol Dependent Individuals during Early Abstinence. Front Pharmacol. 2012; 3:178. PMID: 23087644; PMCID: PMC3469037.
    43. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Pennington D, Abé C, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. Interactive effects of chronic cigarette smoking and age on brain volumes in controls and alcohol-dependent individuals in early abstinence. Addict Biol. 2014 Jan; 19(1):132-43. PMID: 22943795; PMCID: PMC3528793.
    44. Kuceyeski A, Meyerhoff D, Durazzo TC, Raj A. Loss in connectivity among regions of the brain reward system in alcohol dependence. Hum Brain Mapp. 2013 Dec; 34(12):3129-42. PMID: 22815206; PMCID: PMC3931305.
    45. Schulte T, Oberlin BG, Kareken DA, Marinkovic K, Müller-Oehring EM, Meyerhoff D, Tapert S. How acute and chronic alcohol consumption affects brain networks: insights from multimodal neuroimaging. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Dec; 36(12):2017-27. PMID: 22577873; PMCID: PMC4500115.
    46. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Glutamate, GABA, and other cortical metabolite concentrations during early abstinence from alcohol and their associations with neurocognitive changes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Sep 01; 125(1-2):27-36. PMID: 22503310; PMCID: PMC3419314.
    47. Durazzo TC, Mon A, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. Chronic cigarette smoking in alcohol dependence: associations with cortical thickness and N-acetylaspartate levels in the extended brain reward system. Addict Biol. 2013 Mar; 18(2):379-91. PMID: 22070867; PMCID: PMC4157587.
    48. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D, Nixon SJ. A comprehensive assessment of neurocognition in middle-aged chronic cigarette smokers. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Apr 01; 122(1-2):105-11. PMID: 21992872; PMCID: PMC3258460.
    49. Pulliam L, Rempel H, Sun B, Abadjian L, Calosing C, Meyerhoff D. A peripheral monocyte interferon phenotype in HIV infection correlates with a decrease in magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolite concentrations. AIDS. 2011 Sep 10; 25(14):1721-6. PMID: 21750421; PMCID: PMC4120827.
    50. Mon A, Delucchi K, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. A mathematical formula for prediction of gray and white matter volume recovery in abstinent alcohol dependent individuals. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Nov 30; 194(2):198-204. PMID: 21903361; PMCID: PMC3196029.
    51. Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D, Neylan TC, Hlavin J, Ramage ER, McCoy D, Studholme C, Cardenas V, Marmar C, Truran D, Chu PW, Kornak J, Furlong CE, McCarthy C. The relationship between Gulf War illness, brain N-acetylaspartate, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Mil Med. 2011 Aug; 176(8):896-902. PMID: 21882779; PMCID: PMC3279571.
    52. Chao LL, Abadjian L, Hlavin J, Meyerhoff D, Weiner MW. Effects of low-level sarin and cyclosarin exposure and Gulf War Illness on brain structure and function: a study at 4T. Neurotoxicology. 2011 Dec; 32(6):814-22. PMID: 21741405.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Cardenas VA, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Studholme C, Meyerhoff D. Brain morphology at entry into treatment for alcohol dependence is related to relapse propensity. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Sep 15; 70(6):561-7. PMID: 21601177; PMCID: PMC3162109.
    54. Durazzo TC, Tosun D, Buckley S, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Fryer SL, Meyerhoff D. Cortical thickness, surface area, and volume of the brain reward system in alcohol dependence: relationships to relapse and extended abstinence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Jun; 35(6):1187-200. PMID: 21410483; PMCID: PMC3097308.
    55. Jahng GH, Xu S, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D, Park S, Schuff N. DTI studies in patients with Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, or normal cognition with evaluation of the intrinsic background gradients. Neuroradiology. 2011 Oct; 53(10):749-62. PMID: 21340578; PMCID: PMC3184226.
    56. Apfel BA, Ross J, Hlavin J, Meyerhoff D, Metzler TJ, Marmar CR, Weiner MW, Schuff N, Neylan TC. Hippocampal volume differences in Gulf War veterans with current versus lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 15; 69(6):541-8. PMID: 21094937; PMCID: PMC3259803.
    57. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D, Nixon SJ. Chronic cigarette smoking: implications for neurocognition and brain neurobiology. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 10; 7(10):3760-91. PMID: 21139859; PMCID: PMC2996190.
    58. Durazzo TC, Fryer SL, Rothlind JC, Vertinski M, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Measures of learning, memory and processing speed accurately predict smoking status in short-term abstinent treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol Alcohol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 45(6):507-13. PMID: 20923865; PMCID: PMC2981519.
    59. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Body mass index is associated with brain metabolite levels in alcohol dependence--a multimodal magnetic resonance study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Dec; 34(12):2089-96. PMID: 21087290; PMCID: PMC3058677.
    60. Chao LL, Rothlind JC, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff D, Weiner MW. Effects of low-level exposure to sarin and cyclosarin during the 1991 Gulf War on brain function and brain structure in US veterans. Neurotoxicology. 2010 Sep; 31(5):493-501. PMID: 20580739; PMCID: PMC2934883.
    61. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Cortical perfusion in alcohol-dependent individuals during short-term abstinence: relationships to resumption of hazardous drinking after treatment. Alcohol. 2010 May; 44(3):201-10. PMID: 20682188; PMCID: PMC3038637.
    62. Durazzo TC, Pathak V, Gazdzinski S, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. Metabolite levels in the brain reward pathway discriminate those who remain abstinent from those who resume hazardous alcohol consumption after treatment for alcohol dependence. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Mar; 71(2):278-89. PMID: 20230726; PMCID: PMC2841738.
    63. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Mon A, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff D. Cerebral white matter recovery in abstinent alcoholics--a multimodality magnetic resonance study. Brain. 2010 Apr; 133(Pt 4):1043-53. PMID: 20133395; PMCID: PMC2850577.
    64. Gazdzinski S, Millin R, Kaiser LG, Durazzo TC, Mueller SG, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D. BMI and neuronal integrity in healthy, cognitively normal elderly: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Apr; 18(4):743-8. PMID: 19816410; PMCID: PMC2847061.
    65. Nezamzadeh M, Wedeen VJ, Wang R, Zhang Y, Zhan W, Young K, Meyerhoff D, Weiner MW, Schuff N. In-vivo investigation of the human cingulum bundle using the optimization of MR diffusion spectrum imaging. Eur J Radiol. 2010 Jul; 75(1):e29-36. PMID: 19615838; PMCID: PMC4266695.
    66. Wang JJ, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Mon A, Meyerhoff D. MRSI and DTI: a multimodal approach for improved detection of white matter abnormalities in alcohol and nicotine dependence. NMR Biomed. 2009 Jun; 22(5):516-22. PMID: 19156697; PMCID: PMC4156512.
    67. Yeh PH, Simpson K, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS) of diffusion tensor imaging data in alcohol dependence: abnormalities of the motivational neurocircuitry. Psychiatry Res. 2009 Jul 15; 173(1):22-30. PMID: 19442492; PMCID: PMC2774502.
    68. Mon A, Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. The impact of chronic cigarette smoking on recovery from cortical gray matter perfusion deficits in alcohol dependence: longitudinal arterial spin labeling MRI. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Aug; 33(8):1314-21. PMID: 19413652; PMCID: PMC2975051.
    69. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Yeh PH, Meyerhoff D. Combined neuroimaging, neurocognitive and psychiatric factors to predict alcohol consumption following treatment for alcohol dependence. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 43(6):683-91. PMID: 18818189; PMCID: PMC2720770.
    70. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. The relationships of sociodemographic factors, medical, psychiatric, and substance-misuse co-morbidities to neurocognition in short-term abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals. Alcohol. 2008 Sep; 42(6):439-49. PMID: 18760713; PMCID: PMC2597590.
    71. Meyerhoff D, Durazzo TC. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in alcohol use disorders: a potential new endophenotype? Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 Jul; 32(7):1146-58. PMID: 18540913; PMCID: PMC2547131.
    72. Gazdzinski S, Kornak J, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D. Body mass index and magnetic resonance markers of brain integrity in adults. Ann Neurol. 2008 May; 63(5):652-7. PMID: 18409192; PMCID: PMC2542059.
    73. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D. Are treated alcoholics representative of the entire population with alcohol use disorders? A magnetic resonance study of brain injury. Alcohol. 2008 Mar; 42(2):67-76. PMID: 18358984; PMCID: PMC2426953.
    74. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Yeh PH, Hardin D, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Chronic cigarette smoking modulates injury and short-term recovery of the medial temporal lobe in alcoholics. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Feb 28; 162(2):133-45. PMID: 18178068; PMCID: PMC2270338.
    75. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D. Chronic cigarette smoking and heavy drinking in human immunodeficiency virus: consequences for neurocognition and brain morphology. Alcohol. 2007 Nov; 41(7):489-501. PMID: 17923369; PMCID: PMC2443733.
    76. Yeh PH, Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Sjöstrand K, Meyerhoff D. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) of longitudinal brain structural and cognitive changes in alcohol-dependent individuals during sobriety. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Dec 01; 91(2-3):195-204. PMID: 17644276.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Meyerhoff D. The neurobiological and neurocognitive consequences of chronic cigarette smoking in alcohol use disorders. Alcohol Alcohol. 2007 May-Jun; 42(3):174-85. PMID: 17526627.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Neurobiological and neurocognitive effects of chronic cigarette smoking and alcoholism. Front Biosci. 2007 May 01; 12:4079-100. PMID: 17485360.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Chronic smoking is associated with differential neurocognitive recovery in abstinent alcoholic patients: a preliminary investigation. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jul; 31(7):1114-27. PMID: 17451399.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Paul RH, Yiannoutsos CT, Miller EN, Chang L, Marra CM, Schifitto G, Ernst T, Singer E, Richards T, Jarvik GJ, Price R, Meyerhoff D, Kolson D, Ellis RJ, Gonzalez G, Lenkinski RE, Cohen RA, Navia BA. Proton MRS and neuropsychological correlates in AIDS dementia complex: evidence of subcortical specificity. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007; 19(3):283-92. PMID: 17827413.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Deformation-based morphometry of brain changes in alcohol dependence and abstinence. Neuroimage. 2007 Feb 01; 34(3):879-87. PMID: 17127079; PMCID: PMC1865510.
    82. Durazzo TC, Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Weiner MW, Meyerhoff D. Non-treatment-seeking heavy drinkers: effects of chronic cigarette smoking on brain structure. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Feb 23; 87(1):76-82. PMID: 16950573; PMCID: PMC2443734.
    83. Durazzo TC, Rothlind JC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. A comparison of neurocognitive function in nonsmoking and chronically smoking short-term abstinent alcoholics. Alcohol. 2006 May; 39(1):1-11. PMID: 16938624.
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    84. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo T, Jahng GH, Ezekiel F, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Effects of chronic alcohol dependence and chronic cigarette smoking on cerebral perfusion: a preliminary magnetic resonance study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Jun; 30(6):947-58. PMID: 16737452; PMCID: PMC2533315.
    85. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Rothlind JC, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Brain metabolite concentrations and neurocognition during short-term recovery from alcohol dependence: Preliminary evidence of the effects of concurrent chronic cigarette smoking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Mar; 30(3):539-51. PMID: 16499496.
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    86. Meyerhoff D, Tizabi Y, Staley JK, Durazzo TC, Glass JM, Nixon SJ. Smoking comorbidity in alcoholism: neurobiological and neurocognitive consequences. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Feb; 30(2):253-64. PMID: 16441274.
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    87. Schuff N, Meyerhoff D, Mueller S, Chao L, Sacrey DT, Laxer K, Weiner MW. N-acetylaspartate as a marker of neuronal injury in neurodegenerative disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2006; 576:241-62; discussion 361-3. PMID: 16802717; PMCID: PMC1779762.
    88. Cardenas VA, Chao LL, Blumenfeld R, Song E, Meyerhoff D, Weiner MW, Studholme C. Using automated morphometry to detect associations between ERP latency and structural brain MRI in normal adults. Hum Brain Mapp. 2005 Jul; 25(3):317-27. PMID: 15834860; PMCID: PMC2443725.
    89. Meyerhoff D, Bode C, Nixon SJ, de Bruin EA, Bode JC, Seitz HK. Health risks of chronic moderate and heavy alcohol consumption: how much is too much? Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Jul; 29(7):1334-40. PMID: 16088997.
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    90. Jahng GH, Stables L, Ebel A, Matson GB, Meyerhoff D, Weiner MW, Schuff N. Sensitive and fast T1 mapping based on two inversion recovery images and a reference image. Med Phys. 2005 Jun; 32(6):1524-8. PMID: 16013709; PMCID: PMC2443728.
    91. Cardenas VA, Studholme C, Meyerhoff D, Song E, Weiner MW. Chronic active heavy drinking and family history of problem drinking modulate regional brain tissue volumes. Psychiatry Res. 2005 Feb 28; 138(2):115-30. PMID: 15766635.
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    92. Gazdzinski S, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff D. Temporal dynamics and determinants of whole brain tissue volume changes during recovery from alcohol dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Jun 01; 78(3):263-73. PMID: 15893157.
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    93. Rothlind JC, Greenfield TM, Bruce AV, Meyerhoff D, Flenniken DL, Lindgren JA, Weiner MW. Heavy alcohol consumption in individuals with HIV infection: effects on neuropsychological performance. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Jan; 11(1):70-83. PMID: 15686610; PMCID: PMC2376753.
    94. Bloomer CW, Langleben DD, Meyerhoff D. Magnetic resonance detects brainstem changes in chronic, active heavy drinkers. Psychiatry Res. 2004 Dec 30; 132(3):209-18. PMID: 15664792.
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    95. Durazzo TC, Gazdzinski S, Banys P, Meyerhoff D. Cigarette smoking exacerbates chronic alcohol-induced brain damage: a preliminary metabolite imaging study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Dec; 28(12):1849-60. PMID: 15608601.
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    96. Yiannoutsos CT, Ernst T, Chang L, Lee PL, Richards T, Marra CM, Meyerhoff D, Jarvik JG, Kolson D, Schifitto G, Ellis RJ, Swindells S, Simpson DM, Miller EN, Gonzalez RG, Navia BA. Regional patterns of brain metabolites in AIDS dementia complex. Neuroimage. 2004 Nov; 23(3):928-35. PMID: 15528093.
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    97. Chao LL, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff D, Rothlind JC, Flenniken DL, Lindgren JA, Weiner MW. Abnormal contingent negative variation in HIV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. Neuroreport. 2003 Nov 14; 14(16):2111-5. PMID: 14600507; PMCID: PMC2733942.
    98. Chao LL, Meyerhoff D, Cardenas VA, Rothlind JC, Weiner MW. Abnormal CNV in chronic heavy drinkers. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2081-95. PMID: 14580606.
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    99. Lee PL, Yiannoutsos CT, Ernst T, Chang L, Marra CM, Jarvik JG, Richards TL, Kwok EW, Kolson DL, Simpson D, Tang CY, Schifitto G, Ketonen LM, Meyerhoff D, Lenkinski RE, Gonzalez RG, Navia BA. A multi-center 1H MRS study of the AIDS dementia complex: validation and preliminary analysis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Jun; 17(6):625-33. PMID: 12766890.
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    100. Estilaei MR, Matson GB, Meyerhoff D. Indirect imaging of ethanol via magnetization transfer at high and low magnetic fields. Magn Reson Med. 2003 Apr; 49(4):755-9. PMID: 12652547.
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    101. Fein G, Di Sclafani V, Meyerhoff D. Prefrontal cortical volume reduction associated with frontal cortex function deficit in 6-week abstinent crack-cocaine dependent men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002 Sep 01; 68(1):87-93. PMID: 12167554; PMCID: PMC2857690.
    102. O'Neill J, Cardenas VA, Meyerhoff D. Separate and interactive effects of cocaine and alcohol dependence on brain structures and metabolites: quantitative MRI and proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Addict Biol. 2001 Sep; 6(4):347-361. PMID: 11900613.
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