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    Robert Lustig, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentPediatrics
    Address513 Parnassus Ave, Med Sci
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-502-8672

       Biography 
       Education and Training
      Institution Degree School or Department Year
      University of California, San FranciscoResidency School of Medicine

       Overview 
       Overview
      Robert H. Lustig, M.D. is Professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Endocrinology at University of California, San Francisco, and Director of the Weight Assessment for Teen and Child Health (WATCH) Program at UCSF.

      Dr. Lustig is a neuroendocrinologist, with basic and clinical training relative to hypothalamic development, anatomy, and function. Prior to coming to San Francisco in 2001, he worked at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, TN. There, he was charged with the endocrine care of many children whose hypothalami had been damaged by brain tumors, or subsequent surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. Many patients who survived became massively obese. Dr. Lustig theorized that hypothalamic damage led to the inability to sense the hormone leptin, which in turn, led to the starvation response. Since repairing the hypothalamus was not an option, he looked downstream, and noted that these patients had increased activity of the vagus nerve (a manifestation of starvation) which increased insulin secretion. By administering the insulin suppressive agent octreotide, he was able to get them to lose weight; but more remarkably, they started to exercise spontaneously. He then demonstrated the same phenomenon in obese adults without CNS lesions. The universality of these findings has enabled Dr. Lustig to weave these threads together into a novel unifying hypothesis regarding the etiology, prevention, and treatment of the current obesity epidemic. This has led him to explore the specific role of fructose (half of sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup) as a specific mediator of both chronic disease, and continued caloric consumption. His now notorious YouTube video, “Sugar – the bitter truth” continues its popularity with the lay public.

      A native of Brooklyn, NY, Dr. Lustig went to Stuyvesant H.S. in Manhattan, graduated from MIT in 1976, and received his M.D. from Cornell University Medical College in 1980. He completed his pediatric residency at St. Louis Children’s Hospital in 1983, and his clinical fellowship at UCSF in 1984. From there, he spent six years as a post-doctoral fellow and research associate in neuroendocrinology at The Rockefeller University. He has been a faculty member at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and the University of Tennessee, Memphis. Dr. Lustig has authored 85 peer-reviewed articles and 30 reviews. He has mentored 20 pediatric endocrine fellows, and trained numerous other allied health professionals. He provides endocrinologic support to several protocols of the Children’s Oncology Group. He is the former Chairman of the Ad hoc Obesity Task Force of the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society, a member of the Pediatric Obesity Practice Guidelines Subcommittee of The Endocrine Society, a member of the Obesity Task Force of the Endocrine Society, a member of the Pediatric Obesity Devices Committee of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and a member of the Steering Committee of the International Endocrine Alliance to Combat Obesity. He also consults for several childhood obesity advocacy groups.

      Dr. Lustig lives in San Francisco with his wife and two daughters (ages 10 and 4). Spare time (what little there is) is spent cooking, theater-going, and traveling.


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       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Both S, Shen J, Kirk M, Lin L, Tang S, Alonso-Basanta M, Lustig R, Lin H, Deville C, Hill-Kayser C, Tochner Z, McDonough J. Development and clinical implementation of a universal bolus to maintain spot size during delivery of base of skull pencil beam scanning proton therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Sep 1; 90(1):79-84.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Alkon A, Harley KG, Neilands TB, Tambellini K, Lustig RH, Boyce WT, Eskenazi B. Latino Children's Body Mass Index at 2-3.5 Years Predicts Sympathetic Nervous System Activity at 5 Years. Child Obes. 2014 Jun; 10(3):214-24.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Aschbacher K, Kornfeld S, Picard M, Puterman E, Havel PJ, Stanhope K, Lustig RH, Epel E. Chronic stress increases vulnerability to diet-related abdominal fat, oxidative stress, and metabolic risk. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014 Aug; 46:14-22.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Daubenmier J, Lustig RH, Hecht FM, Kristeller J, Woolley J, Adam T, Dallman M, Epel E. A new biomarker of hedonic eating? A preliminary investigation of cortisol and nausea responses to acute opioid blockade. Appetite. 2014 Mar; 74:92-100.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Kumar RJ, Zhai H, Both S, Tochner Z, Lustig R, Hill-Kayser C. Breast cancer screening for childhood cancer survivors after craniospinal irradiation with protons versus x-rays: a dosimetric analysis and review of the literature. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Aug; 35(6):462-7.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Hill-Kayser C, Tochner Z, Both S, Lustig R, Reilly A, Balamuth N, Womer R, Maris J, Grupp S, Bagatell R. Proton versus photon radiation therapy for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma: the need for a customized approach. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Oct; 60(10):1606-11.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Perito ER, Tsai PM, Hawley S, Lustig RH, Feldstein VA. Targeted hepatic sonography during clinic visits for detection of fatty liver in overweight children: a pilot study. J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Apr; 32(4):637-43.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Perito ER, Rodriguez LA, Lustig RH. Dietary treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2013 Mar; 29(2):170-6.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Lustig RH. Fructose: it's "alcohol without the buzz". Adv Nutr. 2013 Mar; 4(2):226-35.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Basu S, Yoffe P, Hills N, Lustig RH. The relationship of sugar to population-level diabetes prevalence: an econometric analysis of repeated cross-sectional data. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e57873.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Harley KG, Aguilar Schall R, Chevrier J, Tyler K, Aguirre H, Bradman A, Holland NT, Lustig RH, Calafat AM, Eskenazi B. Prenatal and postnatal bisphenol A exposure and body mass index in childhood in the CHAMACOS cohort. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Apr; 121(4):514-20, 520e1-6.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Weiss R, Bremer AA, Lustig RH. What is metabolic syndrome, and why are children getting it? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Apr; 1281:123-40.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Volberg V, Harley KG, Aguilar RS, Rosas LG, Huen K, Yousefi P, Davé V, Phan N, Lustig RH, Eskenazi B, Holland N. Associations between perinatal factors and adiponectin and leptin in 9-year-old Mexican-American children. Pediatr Obes. 2013 Dec; 8(6):454-63.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Gupta N, Lustig RH, Kohn MA, Vittinghoff E. Determination of bone age in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease should become part of routine care. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Jan; 19(1):61-5.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Campen CJ, Kranick SM, Kasner SE, Kessler SK, Zimmerman RA, Lustig R, Phillips PC, Storm PB, Smith SE, Ichord R, Fisher MJ. Cranial irradiation increases risk of stroke in pediatric brain tumor survivors. Stroke. 2012 Nov; 43(11):3035-40.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Cooper JS, Zhang Q, Pajak TF, Forastiere AA, Jacobs J, Saxman SB, Kish JA, Kim HE, Cmelak AJ, Rotman M, Lustig R, Ensley JF, Thorstad W, Schultz CJ, Yom SS, Ang KK. Long-term follow-up of the RTOG 9501/intergroup phase III trial: postoperative concurrent radiation therapy and chemotherapy in high-risk squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Dec 1; 84(5):1198-205.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Gupta N, Lustig RH, Kohn MA, Vittinghoff E. Menarche in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2012 Nov; 57(11):2975-81.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Bereket A, Kiess W, Lustig RH, Muller HL, Goldstone AP, Weiss R, Yavuz Y, Hochberg Z. Hypothalamic obesity in children. Obes Rev. 2012 Sep; 13(9):780-98.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Tomiyama AJ, Schamarek I, Lustig RH, Kirschbaum C, Puterman E, Havel PJ, Epel ES. Leptin concentrations in response to acute stress predict subsequent intake of comfort foods. Physiol Behav. 2012 Aug 20; 107(1):34-9.
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      20. Lustig RH. Diabetes and dietary fibre: directive or distraction? Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr; 40(3):230-1.
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      21. Bremer AA, Mietus-Snyder M, Lustig RH. Toward a unifying hypothesis of metabolic syndrome. Pediatrics. 2012 Mar; 129(3):557-70.
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      22. Lustig RH, Schmidt LA, Brindis CD. Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature. 2012 Feb 2; 482(7383):27-9.
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      23. Rhodes ET, Goran MI, Lieu TA, Lustig RH, Prosser LA, Songer TJ, Weigensberg MJ, Weinstock RS, Gonzalez T, Rawluk K, Zoghbi RM, Ludwig DS, Laffel LM. Health-related quality of life in adolescents with or at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 160(6):911-7.
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      24. Bremer AA, Lustig RH. Effects of sugar-sweetened beverages on children. Pediatr Ann. 2012 Jan; 41(1):26-30.
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      25. Suneja G, Alonso-Basanta M, Lustig R, Lee JY, Bekelman JE. Postoperative radiation therapy for low-grade glioma: patterns of care between 1998 and 2006. Cancer. 2012 Aug 1; 118(15):3735-42.
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      26. Lustig RH. Hypothalamic obesity after craniopharyngioma: mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2011; 2:60.
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      27. Merchant TE, Rose SR, Bosley C, Wu S, Xiong X, Lustig RH. Growth hormone secretion after conformal radiation therapy in pediatric patients with localized brain tumors. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Dec 20; 29(36):4776-80.
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      28. Daubenmier J, Kristeller J, Hecht FM, Maninger N, Kuwata M, Jhaveri K, Lustig RH, Kemeny M, Karan L, Epel E. Mindfulness Intervention for Stress Eating to Reduce Cortisol and Abdominal Fat among Overweight and Obese Women: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Study. J Obes. 2011; 2011:651936.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Garber AK, Lustig RH. Is fast food addictive? Curr Drug Abuse Rev. 2011 Sep; 4(3):146-62.
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      30. Wojcicki JM, Holbrook K, Lustig RH, Caughey AB, Muñoz RF, Heyman MB. Infant formula, tea, and water supplementation of latino infants at 4-6 weeks postpartum. J Hum Lact. 2011 May; 27(2):122-30.
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      31. Sharma S, Lustig RH, Fleming SE. Identifying metabolic syndrome in African American children using fasting HOMA-IR in place of glucose. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011 May; 8(3):A64.
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      32. Chen JL, Weiss S, Heyman MB, Lustig R. Risk factors for obesity and high blood pressure in Chinese American children: maternal acculturation and children's food choices. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011 Apr; 13(2):268-75.
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      33. Chen JL, Weiss S, Heyman MB, Cooper B, Lustig RH. The efficacy of the web-based childhood obesity prevention program in Chinese American adolescents (Web ABC study). J Adolesc Health. 2011 Aug; 49(2):148-54.
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      34. Wojcicki JM, Holbrook K, Lustig RH, Epel E, Caughey AB, Muñoz RF, Shiboski SC, Heyman MB. Chronic maternal depression is associated with reduced weight gain in latino infants from birth to 2 years of age. PLoS One. 2011; 6(2):e16737.
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      35. Gupta N, Lustig RH, Kohn MA, McCracken M, Vittinghoff E. Sex differences in statural growth impairment in Crohn's disease: role of IGF-1. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Nov; 17(11):2318-25.
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      36. Abrams RA, Winter KA, Regine WF, Safran H, Hoffman JP, Lustig R, Konski AA, Benson AB, Macdonald JS, Rich TA, Willett CG. Failure to adhere to protocol specified radiation therapy guidelines was associated with decreased survival in RTOG 9704--a phase III trial of adjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for patients with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Feb 1; 82(2):809-16.
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      37. Nguyen S, Lustig RH. Just a spoonful of sugar helps the blood pressure go up. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2010 Nov; 8(11):1497-9.
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      38. Lustig RH. Fructose: metabolic, hedonic, and societal parallels with ethanol. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010 Sep; 110(9):1307-21.
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      39. Aslan IR, Ranadive SA, Ersoy BA, Rogers SJ, Lustig RH, Vaisse C. Bariatric surgery in a patient with complete MC4R deficiency. Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 Mar; 35(3):457-61.
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      40. Chen JL, Weiss SJ, Heyman MB, Cooper B, Lustig RH. The Active Balance Childhood program for improving coping and quality of life in Chinese American children. Nurs Res. 2010 Jul-Aug; 59(4):270-9.
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      41. Lim JS, Mietus-Snyder M, Valente A, Schwarz JM, Lustig RH. The role of fructose in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and the metabolic syndrome. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 May; 7(5):251-64.
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      42. Sharma S, Roberts LS, Lustig RH, Fleming SE. Carbohydrate intake and cardiometabolic risk factors in high BMI African American children. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010; 7(1):10.
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      43. Wilson DM, Abrams SH, Aye T, Lee PD, Lenders C, Lustig RH, Osganian SV, Feldman HA. Metformin extended release treatment of adolescent obesity: a 48-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 48-week follow-up. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Feb; 164(2):116-23.
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      44. Raman A, Ritchie LD, Lustig RH, Fitch MD, Hudes ML, Fleming SE. Insulin resistance is improved in overweight African American boys but not in girls following a one-year multidisciplinary community intervention program. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan-Feb; 23(1-2):109-20.
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      45. Chen JL, Weiss S, Heyman MB, Lustig RH. Efficacy of a child-centred and family-based program in promoting healthy weight and healthy behaviors in Chinese American children: a randomized controlled study. J Public Health (Oxf). 2010 Jun; 32(2):219-29.
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      46. Sharma S, Roberts LS, Hudes ML, Lustig RH, Fleming SE. Macronutrient intakes and cardio metabolic risk factors in high BMI African American children. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2009; 6:41.
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      47. Madsen KA, Garber AK, Mietus-Snyder ML, Orrell-Valente JK, Tran CT, Wlasiuk L, Matos RI, Neuhaus J, Lustig RH. A clinic-based lifestyle intervention for pediatric obesity: efficacy and behavioral and biochemical predictors of response. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Sep; 22(9):805-14.
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      48. Johnson RK, Appel LJ, Brands M, Howard BV, Lefevre M, Lustig RH, Sacks F, Steffen LM, Wylie-Rosett J. Dietary sugars intake and cardiovascular health: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2009 Sep 15; 120(11):1011-20.
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      49. Merchant TE, Conklin HM, Wu S, Lustig RH, Xiong X. Late effects of conformal radiation therapy for pediatric patients with low-grade glioma: prospective evaluation of cognitive, endocrine, and hearing deficits. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Aug 1; 27(22):3691-7.
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      50. Raman A, Lustig RH, Fitch M, Fleming SE. Accuracy of self-assessed Tanner staging against hormonal assessment of sexual maturation in overweight African-American children. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jul; 22(7):609-22.
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      51. Nguyen S, Choi HK, Lustig RH, Hsu CY. Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents. J Pediatr. 2009 Jun; 154(6):807-13.
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      52. Gasparetto EL, Pawlak MA, Patel SH, Huse J, Woo JH, Krejza J, Rosenfeld MR, O'Rourke DM, Lustig R, Melhem ER, Wolf RL. Posttreatment recurrence of malignant brain neoplasm: accuracy of relative cerebral blood volume fraction in discriminating low from high malignant histologic volume fraction. Radiology. 2009 Mar; 250(3):887-96.
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      53. Steinberger J, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, Hayman L, Lustig RH, McCrindle B, Mietus-Snyder ML. Progress and challenges in metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation. 2009 Feb 3; 119(4):628-47.
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      54. Braithwaite D, Moore DH, Lustig RH, Epel ES, Ong KK, Rehkopf DH, Wang MC, Miller SM, Hiatt RA. Socioeconomic status in relation to early menarche among black and white girls. Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Jul; 20(5):713-20.
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      55. Lustig RH. Hypothalamic obesity: causes, consequences, treatment. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2008 Dec; 6(2):220-7.
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      56. Kaufman FR, Lustig RH, Vigersky R. Patient guide to the prevention and management of pediatric obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec; 93(12):2 p following 4989.
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      57. August GP, Caprio S, Fennoy I, Freemark M, Kaufman FR, Lustig RH, Silverstein JH, Speiser PW, Styne DM, Montori VM. Prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline based on expert opinion. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec; 93(12):4576-99.
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      58. Raman A, Fitch MD, Hudes ML, Lustig RH, Murray CB, Ikeda JP, Fleming SE. Baseline correlates of insulin resistance in inner city high-BMI African-American children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Sep; 16(9):2039-45.
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      59. Lustig R, Mikkelsen T, Lesser G, Grossman S, Ye X, Desideri S, Fisher J, Wright J. Phase II preradiation R115777 (tipifarnib) in newly diagnosed GBM with residual enhancing disease. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Dec; 10(6):1004-9.
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      60. Chen JL, Weiss S, Heyman MB, Vittinghoff E, Lustig R. Pilot study of an individually tailored educational program by mail to promote healthy weight in Chinese American children. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2008 Jul; 13(3):212-22.
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      61. Lustig RH. Which comes first? The obesity or the insulin? The behavior or the biochemistry? J Pediatr. 2008 May; 152(5):601-2.
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      62. Accurso A, Bernstein RK, Dahlqvist A, Draznin B, Feinman RD, Fine EJ, Gleed A, Jacobs DB, Larson G, Lustig RH, Manninen AH, McFarlane SI, Morrison K, Nielsen JV, Ravnskov U, Roth KS, Silvestre R, Sowers JR, Sundberg R, Volek JS, Westman EC, Wood RJ, Wortman J, Vernon MC. Dietary carbohydrate restriction in type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome: time for a critical appraisal. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2008; 5:9.
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      63. Bremer AA, Ranadive S, Lustig RH. Outpatient transition of an infant with permanent neonatal diabetes due to a KCNJ11 activating mutation from subcutaneous insulin to oral glyburide. Pediatr Diabetes. 2008 Jun; 9(3 Pt 1):236-9.
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      64. Velásquez-Mieyer PA, Cowan PA, Pérez-Faustinelli S, Nieto-Martínez R, Villegas-Barreto C, Tolley EA, Lustig RH, Alpert BS. Racial disparity in glucagon-like peptide 1 and inflammation markers among severely obese adolescents. Diabetes Care. 2008 Apr; 31(4):770-5.
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      65. Mietus-Snyder ML, Lustig RH. Childhood obesity: adrift in the "limbic triangle". Annu Rev Med. 2008; 59:147-62.
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      66. Jasik CB, Lustig RH. Adolescent obesity and puberty: the "perfect storm". Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; 1135:265-79.
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      67. Pardee PE, Norman GJ, Lustig RH, Preud'homme D, Schwimmer JB. Television viewing and hypertension in obese children. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Dec; 33(6):439-43.
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      68. Evans SM, Du KL, Chalian AA, Mick R, Zhang PJ, Hahn SM, Quon H, Lustig R, Weinstein GS, Koch CJ. Patterns and levels of hypoxia in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and their relationship to patient outcome. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Nov 15; 69(4):1024-31.
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      69. Welsh J, Sanan A, Gabayan AJ, Green SB, Lustig R, Burri S, Kwong E, Stea B. GliaSite brachytherapy boost as part of initial treatment of glioblastoma multiforme: a retrospective multi-institutional pilot study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 May 1; 68(1):159-65.
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      70. Cheung CC, Lustig RH. Pituitary development and physiology. Pituitary. 2007; 10(4):335-50.
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      71. Madsen KA, Yen S, Wlasiuk L, Newman TB, Lustig R. Feasibility of a dance videogame to promote weight loss among overweight children and adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Jan; 161(1):105-7.
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      72. Lustig RH. The 'skinny' on childhood obesity: how our western environment starves kids' brains. Pediatr Ann. 2006 Dec; 35(12):898-902, 905-7.
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      73. Sunar U, Quon H, Durduran T, Zhang J, Du J, Zhou C, Yu G, Choe R, Kilger A, Lustig R, Loevner L, Nioka S, Chance B, Yodh AG. Noninvasive diffuse optical measurement of blood flow and blood oxygenation for monitoring radiation therapy in patients with head and neck tumors: a pilot study. J Biomed Opt. 2006 Nov-Dec; 11(6):064021.
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      74. Lustig RH. Childhood obesity: behavioral aberration or biochemical drive? Reinterpreting the First Law of Thermodynamics. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Aug; 2(8):447-58.
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      75. Gabayan AJ, Green SB, Sanan A, Jenrette J, Schultz C, Papagikos M, Tatter SP, Patel A, Amin P, Lustig R, Bastin KT, Watson G, Burri S, Stea B. GliaSite brachytherapy for treatment of recurrent malignant gliomas: a retrospective multi-institutional analysis. Neurosurgery. 2006 Apr; 58(4):701-9; discussion 701-9.
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      76. Lustig RH, Greenway F, Velasquez-Mieyer P, Heimburger D, Schumacher D, Smith D, Smith W, Soler N, Warsi G, Berg W, Maloney J, Benedetto J, Zhu W, Hohneker J. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding trial of a long-acting formulation of octreotide in promoting weight loss in obese adults with insulin hypersecretion. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Feb; 30(2):331-41.
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      77. Lustig RH, Mietus-Snyder ML, Bacchetti P, Lazar AA, Velasquez-Mieyer PA, Christensen ML. Insulin dynamics predict body mass index and z-score response to insulin suppression or sensitization pharmacotherapy in obese children. J Pediatr. 2006 Jan; 148(1):23-9.
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      78. Lustig RH. Pediatric endocrine disorders of energy balance. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2005 Dec; 6(4):245-60.
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      79. Rose SR, Danish RK, Kearney NS, Schreiber RE, Lustig RH, Burghen GA, Hudson MM. ACTH deficiency in childhood cancer survivors. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Nov; 45(6):808-13.
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      80. Isganaitis E, Lustig RH. Fast food, central nervous system insulin resistance, and obesity. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Dec; 25(12):2451-62.
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      81. Feldman BJ, Rosenthal SM, Vargas GA, Fenwick RG, Huang EA, Matsuda-Abedini M, Lustig RH, Mathias RS, Portale AA, Miller WL, Gitelman SE. Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis. N Engl J Med. 2005 May 5; 352(18):1884-90.
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      82. Preeyasombat C, Bacchetti P, Lazar AA, Lustig RH. Racial and etiopathologic dichotomies in insulin hypersecretion and resistance in obese children. J Pediatr. 2005 Apr; 146(4):474-81.
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      83. Speiser PW, Rudolf MC, Anhalt H, Camacho-Hubner C, Chiarelli F, Eliakim A, Freemark M, Gruters A, Hershkovitz E, Iughetti L, Krude H, Latzer Y, Lustig RH, Pescovitz OH, Pinhas-Hamiel O, Rogol AD, Shalitin S, Sultan C, Stein D, Vardi P, Werther GA, Zadik Z, Zuckerman-Levin N, Hochberg Z. Childhood obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Mar; 90(3):1871-87.
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      84. Souhami L, Seiferheld W, Brachman D, Podgorsak EB, Werner-Wasik M, Lustig R, Schultz CJ, Sause W, Okunieff P, Buckner J, Zamorano L, Mehta MP, Curran WJ. Randomized comparison of stereotactic radiosurgery followed by conventional radiotherapy with carmustine to conventional radiotherapy with carmustine for patients with glioblastoma multiforme: report of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 93-05 protocol. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Nov 1; 60(3):853-60.
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      85. Lustig RH, Sen S, Soberman JE, Velasquez-Mieyer PA. Obesity, leptin resistance, and the effects of insulin reduction. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Oct; 28(10):1344-8.
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      86. Metz JM, Smith D, Mick R, Lustig R, Mitchell J, Cherakuri M, Glatstein E, Hahn SM. A phase I study of topical Tempol for the prevention of alopecia induced by whole brain radiotherapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Oct 1; 10(19):6411-7.
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      87. Maity A, Shu HK, Tan JE, Ruffer J, Sutton LN, Tochner Z, Lustig R. Treatment of pediatric intracranial arteriovenous malformations with linear-accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery: the University of Pennsylvania experience. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2004 Sep-Oct; 40(5):207-14.
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      88. Merchant TE, Mulhern RK, Krasin MJ, Kun LE, Williams T, Li C, Xiong X, Khan RB, Lustig RH, Boop FA, Sanford RA. Preliminary results from a phase II trial of conformal radiation therapy and evaluation of radiation-related CNS effects for pediatric patients with localized ependymoma. J Clin Oncol. 2004 Aug 1; 22(15):3156-62.
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      89. Machtay M, Rosenthal DI, Chalian AA, Lustig R, Hershock D, Miller L, Weinstein GS, Weber RS. Pilot study of postoperative reirradiation, chemotherapy, and amifostine after surgical salvage for recurrent head-and-neck cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 May 1; 59(1):72-7.
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      90. Armstrong CL, Gyato K, Awadalla AW, Lustig R, Tochner ZA. A critical review of the clinical effects of therapeutic irradiation damage to the brain: the roots of controversy. Neuropsychol Rev. 2004 Mar; 14(1):65-86.
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      91. Velasquez-Mieyer PA, Umpierrez GE, Lustig RH, Cashion AK, Cowan PA, Christensen M, Spencer KA, Burghen GA. Race affects insulin and GLP-1 secretion and response to a long-acting somatostatin analogue in obese adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Feb; 28(2):330-3.
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      92. Lustig RH. Optimizing growth hormone efficacy: an evidence-based analysis. Horm Res. 2004; 62 Suppl 3:93-7.
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      93. Rose SR, Schreiber RE, Kearney NS, Lustig RH, Danish RK, Burghen GA, Hudson MM. Hypothalamic dysfunction after chemotherapy. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jan; 17(1):55-66.
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      94. Velasquez-Mieyer PA, Cowan PA, Umpierrez GE, Lustig RH, Cashion AK, Burghen GA. Racial differences in glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) concentrations and insulin dynamics during oral glucose tolerance test in obese subjects. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003 Nov; 27(11):1359-64.
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      95. Lustig RH, Hinds PS, Ringwald-Smith K, Christensen RK, Kaste SC, Schreiber RE, Rai SN, Lensing SY, Wu S, Xiong X. Octreotide therapy of pediatric hypothalamic obesity: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jun; 88(6):2586-92.
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      96. Lustig RH. Autonomic dysfunction of the beta-cell and the pathogenesis of obesity. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2003 Mar; 4(1):23-32.
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      97. Lustig RH, Post SR, Srivannaboon K, Rose SR, Danish RK, Burghen GA, Xiong X, Wu S, Merchant TE. Risk factors for the development of obesity in children surviving brain tumors. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Feb; 88(2):611-6.
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      98. Velasquez-Mieyer PA, Cowan PA, Arheart KL, Buffington CK, Spencer KA, Connelly BE, Cowan GW, Lustig RH. Suppression of insulin secretion is associated with weight loss and altered macronutrient intake and preference in a subset of obese adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003 Feb; 27(2):219-26.
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      99. Merchant TE, Williams T, Smith JM, Rose SR, Danish RK, Burghen GA, Kun LE, Lustig RH. Preirradiation endocrinopathies in pediatric brain tumor patients determined by dynamic tests of endocrine function. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Sep 1; 54(1):45-50.
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      100. Armstrong CL, Hunter JV, Ledakis GE, Cohen B, Tallent EM, Goldstein BH, Tochner Z, Lustig R, Judy KD, Pruitt A, Mollman JE, Stanczak EM, Jo MY, Than TL, Phillips P. Late cognitive and radiographic changes related to radiotherapy: initial prospective findings. Neurology. 2002 Jul 9; 59(1):40-8.
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      101. Merchant TE, Kiehna EN, Sanford RA, Mulhern RK, Thompson SJ, Wilson MW, Lustig RH, Kun LE. Craniopharyngioma: the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital experience 1984-2001. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Jul 1; 53(3):533-42.
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      102. Leung W, Rose SR, Zhou Y, Hancock ML, Burstein S, Schriock EA, Lustig R, Danish RK, Evans WE, Hudson MM, Pui CH. Outcomes of growth hormone replacement therapy in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Jul 1; 20(13):2959-64.
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      103. Boehm BO, Lustig RH. Use of somatostatin receptor ligands in obesity and diabetic complications. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2002 Jun; 16(3):493-509.
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      104. Merchant TE, Goloubeva O, Pritchard DL, Gaber MW, Xiong X, Danish RK, Lustig RH. Radiation dose-volume effects on growth hormone secretion. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Apr 1; 52(5):1264-70.
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      105. Lustig RH. The neuroendocrinology of obesity. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2001 Sep; 30(3):765-85.
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      106. Lustig RH. The neuroendocrinology of childhood obesity. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 Aug; 48(4):909-30.
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      107. Kaste SC, Jones-Wallace D, Rose SR, Boyett JM, Lustig RH, Rivera GK, Pui CH, Hudson MM. Bone mineral decrements in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: frequency of occurrence and risk factors for their development. Leukemia. 2001 May; 15(5):728-34.
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      108. Rose SR, Lustig RH, Pitukcheewanont P, Broome DC, Burghen GA, Li H, Hudson MM, Kun LE, Heideman RL. Diagnosis of hidden central hypothyroidism in survivors of childhood cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Dec; 84(12):4472-9.
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      109. Kaste SC, Chesney RW, Hudson MM, Lustig RH, Rose SR, Carbone LD. Bone mineral status during and after therapy of childhood cancer: an increasing population with multiple risk factors for impaired bone health. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Dec; 14(12):2010-4.
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      110. Lustig RH, Rose SR, Burghen GA, Velasquez-Mieyer P, Broome DC, Smith K, Li H, Hudson MM, Heideman RL, Kun LE. Hypothalamic obesity caused by cranial insult in children: altered glucose and insulin dynamics and reversal by a somatostatin agonist. J Pediatr. 1999 Aug; 135(2 Pt 1):162-8.
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      111. Rose SR, Lustig RH, Burstein S, Pitukcheewanont P, Broome DC, Burghen GA. Diagnosis of ACTH deficiency. Comparison of overnight metyrapone test to either low-dose or high-dose ACTH test. Horm Res. 1999; 52(2):73-9.
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      112. Norrby-Teglund A, Lustig R, Kotb M. Differential induction of Th1 versus Th2 cytokines by group A streptococcal toxic shock syndrome isolates. Infect Immun. 1997 Dec; 65(12):5209-15.
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      113. Kuefer MU, Moinuddin M, Heideman RL, Lustig RH, Rose SR, Burstein S, VanMiddlesworth L, Fleming I, Jenkins JJ, Shearer PD. Papillary thyroid carcinoma: demographics, treatment, and outcome in eleven pediatric patients treated at a single institution. Med Pediatr Oncol. 1997 Jun; 28(6):433-40.
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      114. Order SE, Siegel JA, Principato R, Zeiger LE, Johnson E, Lang P, Lustig R, Wallner PE. Selective tumor irradiation by infusional brachytherapy in nonresectable pancreatic cancer: a phase I study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1996 Dec 1; 36(5):1117-26.
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      115. Order SE, Siegel JA, Principato R, Zeiger LS, Johnson E, Lang P, Lustig R, Kroprowski C, Wallner PE. Preliminary experience of infusional brachytherapy using colloidal 32P. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1996 May; 25(3):347-51.
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      116. Lustig RH. In vitro models for the effects of sex hormones on neurons. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1996 Apr 30; 784:370-80.
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      117. MacDonald MJ, Shahidi NT, Allen DB, Lustig RH, Mitchell TL, Cornwell ST. Pentoxifylline in the treatment of children with new-onset type I diabetes mellitus. JAMA. 1994 Jan 5; 271(1):27-8.
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      118. Lustig R, Lowe N, Prosnitz L, Spaulding M, Cohen M, Stitt J, Brannon R. Fluosol and oxygen breathing as an adjuvant to radiation therapy in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell carcinoma of the lung: results of a phase I/II study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1990 Jul; 19(1):97-102.
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      119. Lustig R, McIntosh-Lowe N, Rose C, Haas J, Krasnow S, Spaulding M, Prosnitz L. Phase I/II study of Fluosol-DA and 100% oxygen as an adjuvant to radiation in the treatment of advanced squamous cell tumors of the head and neck. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1989 Jun; 16(6):1587-93.
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      120. Rose C, Lustig R, McIntosh N, Teicher B. A clinical trial of Fluosol DA 20% in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1986 Aug; 12(8):1325-7.
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      121. Lustig RH, Schriock EA, Kaplan SL, Grumbach MM. Effect of growth hormone-releasing factor on growth hormone release in children with radiation-induced growth hormone deficiency. Pediatrics. 1985 Aug; 76(2):274-9.
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      122. Schriock EA, Lustig RH, Rosenthal SM, Kaplan SL, Grumbach MM. Effect of growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone (GRH) on plasma GH in relation to magnitude and duration of GH deficiency in 26 children and adults with isolated GH deficiency or multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies: evidence for hypothalamic GRH deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984 Jun; 58(6):1043-9.
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      123. Luk KH, Fuller DE, Kramer S, Davis LW, Herring DF, Delclos L, Dobelbower RR, Lustig R. Patterns of care in radiation therapy of adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1980 May; 6(5):613-20.
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