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Janice Schwartz, MD

TitleRecalled Professor in Residence
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
Address3333 California Street
San Francisco CA 94118
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics2012William Abrams Award in Geriatric Clinical Pharmacology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I graduated from Tulane Medical School, am a board-certified internist and cardiologist with significant experience in clinical pharmacology and geriatric medicine. My research goal has been to elucidate age-related and sex-related differences in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in order to improve medication therapy for older people. I have studied models of aging from in vitro models of cardiac changes with aging to physiologic and pharmacokinetic investigations of healthy humans to population studies of community dwelling elderly, and most recently, frail elderly people.

    My current work focuses on improving medication and vitamin use in the very oldest people, in optimizing outcomes in older people receiving polypharmacy, and the translation of new therapies and devices into clinical use to benefit the very oldest and frailest patients. My efforts include translating medical knowledge related to aging and cardiovascular health for the public.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Optimizing vitamin D in the elderly
    NIH/NIA R21AG041660Aug 15, 2012 - Jul 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Improving Medication Therapy for Older Patients with Common Co-morbidities
    NIH/NIA RC1AG036377Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Older Persons &Drugs: race, gender, and age effects
    NIH/NIA R56AG015982Sep 1, 1999 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Older Persons &Drugs: race, gender, and age effects
    NIH/NIA R01AG015982Sep 1, 1999 - Sep 15, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GERIATRIC LEADERSHIP ACADEMIC AWARD
    NIH/NIA K07AG000768Dec 15, 1997 - Nov 30, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MOLECULAR BASIS OF DRUG TRANSPORT IN THE INTESTINE
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM057656Aug 1, 1997 - Jul 31, 2001
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Research Training in Geriatric Medicine
    NIH/NIA T32AG000212Sep 1, 1991 - Apr 30, 2018
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    SMALL INSTRUMENTATION GRANT
    NIH/NIGMS S15GM047084Jun 1, 1991 - May 31, 1992
    Role: Principal Investigator
    REGULATION OF CARDIAC RHYTHM AND CONDUCTION WITH AGING
    NIH/NIA R01AG009550Feb 1, 1991 - Oct 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator
    EFFECT OF AGING ON CALCIUM BLOCKER KINETICS/DYNAMICS
    NIH/NIA R01AG005940Aug 1, 1986 - Jul 31, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    EFFECT OF AGING ON CALCIUM BLOCKER KINETICS/DYNAMICS
    NIH/NIA K04AG000327Jan 1, 1986 - Dec 31, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PHARMACOKINETICS/PHARMACODYNAMICS
    NIH/NIGMS P50GM026691Aug 1, 1979 - Jul 31, 1998
    Role: Co-Investigator
    GENERAL CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    NIH M01RR000048Dec 1, 1977 - May 31, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    GENERAL CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    NIH M01RR000350Dec 1, 1976 - Nov 30, 1995
    Role: Co-Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Schwartz, JB. Potential impact of substituting estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate for estimated Creatinine Clearance for dosing of Direct Oral Anticoagulants. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016; 1996-2002.
    2. Goetzl EJ, Kapogiannis D, Schwartz J, Lobach IV, Goetzl L, Abner EL, Jicha GA, Karydas AM, Boxer A, Miller BL, et al. Decreased synaptic proteins in neuronal exosomes of frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease. FASEB J. 2016 Sep 6. PMID: 27601437.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Goetzl EJ, Mustapic M, Kapogiannis D, Eitan E, Lobach IV, Goetzl L, Schwartz J, Miller BL, et al. Cargo proteins of plasma astrocyte-derived exosomes in Alzheimer's disease. FASEB J. 2016 Aug 10. PMID: 27511944.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Schwartz JB, Kane L, Bikle D. Response of Vitamin D Concentration to Vitamin D3 Administration in Older Adults without Sun Exposure: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Jan; 64(1):65-72. PMID: 26782853.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Goetzl EJ, Boxer A, Schwartz JB, Abner EL, Petersen RC, Miller BL, Kapogiannis D. Altered lysosomal proteins in neural-derived plasma exosomes in preclinical Alzheimer disease. Neurology. 2015 Jul 7; 85(1):40-7. PMID: 26062630; PMCID: PMC4501943 [Available on 07/07/16].
    6. Goetzl EJ, Boxer A, Schwartz JB, Abner EL, Petersen RC, Miller BL, Carlson OD, Mustapic M, Kapogiannis D. Low neural exosomal levels of cellular survival factors in Alzheimer's disease. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Jul; 2(7):769-73. PMID: 26273689; PMCID: PMC4531059.
    7. Lai JC, Bikle DD, Lizaola B, Hayssen H, Terrault NA, Schwartz JB. Total 25(OH) vitamin D, free 25(OH) vitamin D and markers of bone turnover in cirrhotics with and without synthetic dysfunction. Liver Int. 2015 Oct; 35(10):2294-300. PMID: 25757956; PMCID: PMC4567539 [Available on 10/01/16].
    8. Kapogiannis D, Boxer A, Schwartz JB, Abner EL, Biragyn A, Masharani U, Frassetto L, Petersen RC, Miller BL, Goetzl EJ. Dysfunctionally phosphorylated type 1 insulin receptor substrate in neural-derived blood exosomes of preclinical Alzheimer's disease. FASEB J. 2015 Feb; 29(2):589-96. PMID: 25342129; PMCID: PMC4314222 [Available on 02/01/16].
    9. Schwartz JB. Primary prevention: do the very elderly require a different approach? Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2015 Apr; 25(3):228-39. PMID: 25560975; PMCID: PMC4374025 [Available on 04/01/16].
    10. Fiandaca MS, Kapogiannis D, Mapstone M, Boxer A, Eitan E, Schwartz JB, Abner EL, Petersen RC, Federoff HJ, Miller BL, Goetzl EJ. Identification of preclinical Alzheimer's disease by a profile of pathogenic proteins in neurally derived blood exosomes: A case-control study. Alzheimers Dement. 2015 Jun; 11(6):600-7.e1. PMID: 25130657; PMCID: PMC4329112 [Available on 06/01/16].
    11. Steinman MA, Miao Y, Boscardin WJ, Komaiko KD, Schwartz JB. Prescribing quality in older veterans: a multifocal approach. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Oct; 29(10):1379-86. PMID: 25002159; PMCID: PMC4175643.
    12. Moore KL, Boscardin WJ, Steinman MA, Schwartz JB. Patterns of chronic co-morbid medical conditions in older residents of U.S. nursing homes: differences between the sexes and across the agespan. J Nutr Health Aging. 2014 Apr; 18(4):429-36. PMID: 24676326; PMCID: PMC4099251.
    13. Schwartz JB, Moore KL, Yin M, Sharma A, Merenstein D, Islam T, Golub ET, Tien PC, Adeyemi OM. Relationship of vitamin D, HIV, HIV treatment, and lipid levels in the Women's Interagency HIV Study of HIV-infected and uninfected women in the United States. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2014 May-Jun; 13(3):250-9. PMID: 24668135; PMCID: PMC4016117.
    14. Schwartz JB, Lai J, Lizaola B, Kane L, Weyland P, Terrault NA, Stotland N, Bikle D. Variability in free 25(OH) vitamin D levels in clinical populations. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2014 Oct; 144 Pt A:156-8. PMID: 24240067; PMCID: PMC4022715.
    15. Kane L, Moore K, Lütjohann D, Bikle D, Schwartz JB. Vitamin D3 effects on lipids differ in statin and non-statin-treated humans: superiority of free 25-OH D levels in detecting relationships. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Nov; 98(11):4400-9. PMID: 24030939; PMCID: PMC3816263.
    16. Mitsuhashi M, Taub DD, Kapogiannis D, Eitan E, Zukley L, Mattson MP, Ferrucci L, Schwartz JB, Goetzl EJ. Aging enhances release of exosomal cytokine mRNAs by Aß1-42-stimulated macrophages. FASEB J. 2013 Dec; 27(12):5141-50. PMID: 24014820; PMCID: PMC3834783.
    17. Steinman MA, Lee SJ, John Boscardin W, Miao Y, Fung KZ, Moore KL, Schwartz JB. Patterns of multimorbidity in elderly veterans. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Oct; 60(10):1872-80. PMID: 23035702; PMCID: PMC4133992.
    18. Taub DD, Hesdorffer CS, Ferrucci L, Madara K, Schwartz JB, Goetzl EJ. Distinct energy requirements for human memory CD4 T-cell homeostatic functions. FASEB J. 2013 Jan; 27(1):342-9. PMID: 22972918; PMCID: PMC3528313.
    19. Moore KL, Boscardin WJ, Steinman MA, Schwartz JB. Age and sex variation in prevalence of chronic medical conditions in older residents of U.S. nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Apr; 60(4):756-64. PMID: 22463062; PMCID: PMC3387922.
    20. Hesdorffer CS, Malchinkhuu E, Biragyn A, Mabrouk OS, Kennedy RT, Madara K, Taub DD, Longo DL, Schwartz JB, Ferrucci L, Goetzl EJ. Distinctive immunoregulatory effects of adenosine on T cells of older humans. FASEB J. 2012 Mar; 26(3):1301-10. PMID: 22121051; PMCID: PMC3289505.
    21. Goetzl EJ, Schwartz JB, Huang MC. Defective T cell chemotaxis to sphingosine 1-phosphate and chemokine CCL21 in idiopathic T lymphocytopenia. J Clin Immunol. 2011 Oct; 31(5):744-51. PMID: 21671128.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Schwartz JB, Volterrani M, Caminiti G, Marazzi G, Fini M, Rosano GM, Iellamo F. Effects of testosterone on the Q-T interval in older men and older women with chronic heart failure. Int J Androl. 2011 Oct; 34(5 Pt 2):e415-21. PMID: 21615419.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Schwartz JB, Kane L, Moore K, Wu AH. Failure of pharmacogenetic-based dosing algorithms to identify older patients requiring low daily doses of warfarin. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2011 Nov; 12(9):633-8. PMID: 21450231.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Huang MC, Greig NH, Luo W, Tweedie D, Schwartz JB, Longo DL, Ferrucci L, Ershler WB, Goetzl EJ. Preferential enhancement of older human T cell cytokine generation, chemotaxis, proliferation and survival by lenalidomide. Clin Immunol. 2011 Feb; 138(2):201-11. PMID: 21130040; PMCID: PMC4642720.
    25. Goetzl EJ, Huang MC, Kon J, Patel K, Schwartz JB, Fast K, Ferrucci L, Madara K, Taub DD, Longo DL. Gender specificity of altered human immune cytokine profiles in aging. FASEB J. 2010 Sep; 24(9):3580-9. PMID: 20453111; PMCID: PMC2923363.
    26. Schwartz JB, Verotta D. Population analyses of atorvastatin clearance in patients living in the community and in nursing homes. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Nov; 86(5):497-502. PMID: 19571802.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Verotta D, Schwartz J . Clin Pharmacol Ther. Population analyses of atorvastatin in patients living in the community and nursing homes. 2009; 86:497-502.
    28. Schwartz J, DR. 2009; 85 (1): 3-10. Clin Pharmacol Ther. Aging and medications: Past, Present, Future. 2009; 1(85):3-10.
    29. Schwartz JB. Effects of vitamin D supplementation in atorvastatin-treated patients: a new drug interaction with an unexpected consequence. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Feb; 85(2):198-203. PMID: 18754003.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Schwartz JB. The current state of knowledge on age, sex, and their interactions on clinical pharmacology. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jul; 82(1):87-96. PMID: 17495875.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Alexander KP, Chen AY, Newby LK, Schwartz JB, Redberg RF, Hochman JS, Roe MT, Gibler WB, Ohman EM, Peterson ED. Sex differences in major bleeding with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors: results from the CRUSADE (Can Rapid risk stratification of Unstable angina patients Suppress ADverse outcomes with Early implementation of the ACC/AHA guidelines) initiative. Circulation. 2006 Sep 26; 114(13):1380-7. PMID: 16982940.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Schwartz JB. Erythromycin breath test results in elderly, very elderly, and frail elderly persons. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 May; 79(5):440-8. PMID: 16678546.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Kang D, Verotta D, Schwartz JB. Population analyses of amlodipine in patients living in the community and patients living in nursing homes. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Jan; 79(1):114-24. PMID: 16413246.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Kang D, Schwartz JB, Verotta D. Sample size computations for PK/PD population models. J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn. 2005 Dec; 32(5-6):685-701. PMID: 16284914.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Schwartz JB, Redberg RF. What does the Medicare prescription drug legislation mean for the American cardiologist? Am J Geriatr Cardiol. 2005 Nov-Dec; 14(6):317-24. PMID: 16276130.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Kadish AH, Greenland P, Limacher MC, Frishman WH, Daugherty SA, Schwartz JB. Estrogen and progestin use and the QT interval in postmenopausal women. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2004 Oct; 9(4):366-74. PMID: 15485516.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kang D, Schwartz JB, Verotta D. A sample size computation method for non-linear mixed effects models with applications to pharmacokinetics models. Stat Med. 2004 Aug 30; 23(16):2551-66. PMID: 15287084.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Schwartz JB. Gender-specific implications for cardiovascular medication use in the elderly optimizing therapy for older women. Cardiol Rev. 2003 Sep-Oct; 11(5):275-98. PMID: 12943605.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Kang D, Verotta D, Krecic-Shepard ME, Modi NB, Gupta SK, Schwartz JB. Population analyses of sustained-release verapamil in patients: effects of sex, race, and smoking. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Jan; 73(1):31-40. PMID: 12545141.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Schwartz JB. The influence of sex on pharmacokinetics. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2003; 42(2):107-21. PMID: 12537512.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Haller C, Schwartz JB. Pharmacologic agents for weight reduction. J Gend Specif Med. 2002 Sep-Oct; 5(5):16-21. PMID: 12380196.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Schwartz JB. Peripheral arterial disease: drug therapy. J Gend Specif Med. 2002 Jul-Aug; 5(4):16-20. PMID: 12192882.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Schwartz JB. Pharmacogenetics: has it reached the clinic? J Gend Specif Med. 2002 Mar-Apr; 5(2):13-8. PMID: 11974670.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Schwartz JB. Anticoagulant and thrombolytic therapies in women. J Gend Specif Med. 2002 Jan-Feb; 5(1):14-8. PMID: 11859682.
      View in: PubMed
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