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Adam Gazzaley, MD, PhD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentNeurology
Address675 Nelson Rising Lane
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-2162
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    Dr. Adam Gazzaley obtained an M.D. and a Ph.D. in Neuroscience at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, completed Neurology residency at the University of Pennsylvania, and postdoctoral training in cognitive neuroscience at University of California, Berkeley. He is now Professor in Neurology, Physiology and Psychiatry at University of California, San Francisco and the Founder / Executive Director of Neuroscape, a translational neuroscience center engaged in technology creation and scientific research. He designs and develops novel brain assessment and optimization tools to impact education, wellness, and medicine practices. This novel approach involves the development of custom-designed, closed-loop video games integrated with the latest advancements in software (brain computer interfaces, GPU computing, cloud-based analytics) and hardware (virtual/augmented reality, motion capture, mobile physiological recording devices, transcranial electrical brain stimulation). He advances these technologies to rigorous research studies that evaluate their impact on multiple aspects of brain function and physiology.

    Dr. Gazzaley is also co-founder and Chief Science Advisor of Akili Interactive Labs, a company developing therapeutic video games, and co-founder and Chief Scientist of JAZZ Venture Partners, a venture capital firm investing in experiential technology to improve human performance. Additionally, he is a scientific advisor for over a dozen technology companies including Apple, GE, Magic Leap and Nielsen, and on the Science Board of the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Dr. Gazzaley has filed multiple patents for his inventions, authored over 100 scientific articles, and delivered over 500 invited presentations around the world. His research and perspectives have been consistently profiled in high-impact media, such as The New York Times, New York Times Magazine, New Yorker, Wall Street Journal, TIME, Discover, Wired, PBS, NPR, CNN and NBC Nightly News. He wrote and hosted the nationally-televised PBS special “The Distracted Mind with Dr. Adam Gazzaley”, and co-authored the 2016 MIT Press book “The Distracted Mind: Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World”. Dr. Gazzaley has received many awards and honors, including the 2015 Society for Neuroscience – Science Educator Award.


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Manera V, Ben-Sadoun G, Aalbers T, Agopyan H, Askenazy F, Benoit M, Bensamoun D, Bourgeois J, Bredin J, Bremond F, Crispim-Junior C, David R, De Schutter B, Ettore E, Fairchild J, Foulon P, Gazzaley A, Gros A, Hun S, Knoefel F, Olde Rikkert M, Phan Tran MK, Politis A, Rigaud AS, Sacco G, Serret S, Thümmler S, Welter ML, Robert P. Recommendations for the Use of Serious Games in Neurodegenerative Disorders: 2016 Delphi Panel. Front Psychol. 2017; 8:1243. PMID: 28790945.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Rolle CE, Anguera JA, Skinner SN, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Enhancing Spatial Attention and Working Memory in Younger and Older Adults. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Sep; 29(9):1483-1497. PMID: 28654361.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, van Schouwenburg MR, Gazzaley A. Enhancement of multitasking performance and neural oscillations by transcranial alternating current stimulation. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0178579. PMID: 28562642.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Voytek B, Samaha J, Rolle CE, Greenberg Z, Gill N, Porat S, Kader T, Rahman S, Malzyner R, Gazzaley A. Preparatory Encoding of the Fine Scale of Human Spatial Attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2017 Jul; 29(7):1302-1310. PMID: 28294717.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Wais PE, Jahanikia S, Steiner D, Stark CEL, Gazzaley A. Retrieval of high-fidelity memory arises from distributed cortical networks. Neuroimage. 2017 Apr 01; 149:178-189. PMID: 28159685.
      View in: PubMed
    6. van Schouwenburg MR, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Spatial Attention and the Effects of Frontoparietal Alpha Band Stimulation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:658. PMID: 28174529.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Arean PA, Hallgren KA, Jordan JT, Gazzaley A, Atkins DC, Heagerty PJ, Anguera JA. The Use and Effectiveness of Mobile Apps for Depression: Results From a Fully Remote Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2016 Dec 20; 18(12):e330. PMID: 27998876.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Padgaonkar NA, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Predictive cues and age-related declines in working memory performance. Neurobiol Aging. 2017 Jan; 49:31-39. PMID: 27736673.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Gray DT, Smith AC, Burke SN, Gazzaley A, Barnes CA. Attentional updating and monitoring and affective shifting are impacted independently by aging in macaque monkeys. Behav Brain Res. 2017 Mar 30; 322(Pt B):329-338. PMID: 27368416.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. Video Games for Neuro-Cognitive Optimization. Neuron. 2016 Apr 20; 90(2):214-8. PMID: 27100194.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Mishra J, Sagar R, Joseph AA, Gazzaley A, Merzenich MM. Training sensory signal-to-noise resolution in children with ADHD in a global mental health setting. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 12; 6:e781. PMID: 27070409; PMCID: PMC4872403.
    12. Cho H, Zarolia P, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Involuntary symbol manipulation (Pig Latin) from external control: Implications for thought suppression. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016 May; 166:37-41. PMID: 27043254.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Anguera JA, Jordan JT, Castaneda D, Gazzaley A, Areán PA. Conducting a fully mobile and randomised clinical trial for depression: access, engagement and expense. BMJ Innov. 2016 Jan; 2(1):14-21. PMID: 27019745.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. Passive frame theory: A new synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e199. PMID: 28355823.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Voytek B, Kramer MA, Case J, Lepage KQ, Tempesta ZR, Knight RT, Gazzaley A. Age-Related Changes in 1/f Neural Electrophysiological Noise. J Neurosci. 2015 Sep 23; 35(38):13257-65. PMID: 26400953; PMCID: PMC4579381.
    16. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Cross-species approaches to cognitive neuroplasticity research. Neuroimage. 2016 May 01; 131:4-12. PMID: 26348561; PMCID: PMC4779436 [Available on 05/01/17].
    17. Janowich J, Mishra J, Gazzaley A. A Cognitive Paradigm to Investigate Interference in Working Memory by Distractions and Interruptions. J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul 16; (101):e52226. PMID: 26273742.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Morsella E, Godwin CA, Jantz TK, Krieger SC, Gazzaley A. Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis. Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan; 39:e168. PMID: 26096599.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Al-Hashimi O, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Neural sources of performance decline during continuous multitasking. Cortex. 2015 Oct; 71:49-57. PMID: 26159323.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Hsu WY, Zanto TP, Anguera JA, Lin YY, Gazzaley A. Delayed enhancement of multitasking performance: Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on the prefrontal cortex. Cortex. 2015 Aug; 69:175-85. PMID: 26073148; PMCID: PMC4522400.
    21. Hsu WY, Ku Y, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Effects of noninvasive brain stimulation on cognitive function in healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurobiol Aging. 2015 Aug; 36(8):2348-59. PMID: 26022770; PMCID: PMC4496249.
    22. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Closed-loop cognition: the next frontier arrives. Trends Cogn Sci. 2015 May; 19(5):242-3. PMID: 25818939; PMCID: PMC4414924.
    23. Rolle CE, Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Exploring the Potential of the iPad and Xbox Kinect for Cognitive Science Research. Games Health J. 2015 Jun; 4(3):221-4. PMID: 26182067.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Merrick C, Farnia M, Jantz TK, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. External control of the stream of consciousness: Stimulus-based effects on involuntary thought sequences. Conscious Cogn. 2015 May; 33:217-25. PMID: 25636006.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Karlsson J, Gazzaley A. Expectations of Task Demands Dissociate Working Memory and Long-Term Memory Systems. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Mar; 26(3):1176-86. PMID: 25577575; PMCID: PMC4737608 [Available on 03/01/17].
    26. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Closed-loop rehabilitation of age-related cognitive disorders. Semin Neurol. 2014 Nov; 34(5):584-90. PMID: 25520029; PMCID: PMC4365941.
    27. Pa J, Gazzaley A. Flavanol-rich food for thought. Nat Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 17(12):1624-5. PMID: 25413084; PMCID: PMC4370619.
    28. Mishra J, de Villers-Sidani E, Merzenich M, Gazzaley A. Adaptive training diminishes distractibility in aging across species. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):1091-103. PMID: 25467987; PMCID: PMC4264379.
    29. Mishra J, Rolle C, Gazzaley A. Neural plasticity underlying visual perceptual learning in aging. Brain Res. 2015 Jul 01; 1612:140-51. PMID: 25218557; PMCID: PMC4362864.
    30. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. External distraction impairs categorization performance in older adults. Psychol Aging. 2014 Sep; 29(3):666-71. PMID: 25244485; PMCID: PMC4277260.
    31. Guerreiro MJ, Anguera JA, Mishra J, Van Gerven PW, Gazzaley A. Age-equivalent top-down modulation during cross-modal selective attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2014 Dec; 26(12):2827-39. PMID: 25010198.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Chadick JZ, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Structural and functional differences in medial prefrontal cortex underlie distractibility and suppression deficits in ageing. Nat Commun. 2014 Jun 30; 5:4223. PMID: 24979364; PMCID: PMC4088291.
    33. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Harnessing the neuroplastic potential of the human brain & the future of cognitive rehabilitation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:218. PMID: 24782745; PMCID: PMC3990041.
    34. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. Distractibility during retrieval of long-term memory: domain-general interference, neural networks and increased susceptibility in normal aging. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:280. PMID: 24778623; PMCID: PMC3985013.
    35. Pa J, Dutt S, Mirsky JB, Heuer HW, Keselman P, Kong E, Trujillo A, Gazzaley A, Kramer JH, Seeley WW, Miller BL, Boxer AL. The functional oculomotor network and saccadic cognitive control in healthy elders. Neuroimage. 2014 Jul 15; 95:61-8. PMID: 24675647; PMCID: PMC4043928.
    36. Jantz TK, Tomory JJ, Merrick C, Cooper S, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Subjective aspects of working memory performance: memoranda-related imagery. Conscious Cogn. 2014 Apr; 25:88-100. PMID: 24583457.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Gazzaley A, Narain C. A Conversation with Adam Gazzaley. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2014; 79:275-6. PMID: 26092894.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Preserved discrimination performance and neural processing during crossmodal attention in aging. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e81894. PMID: 24278464; PMCID: PMC3835740.
    39. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Fronto-parietal network: flexible hub of cognitive control. Trends Cogn Sci. 2013 Dec; 17(12):602-3. PMID: 24129332; PMCID: PMC3873155.
    40. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Satris G, Gazzaley A. Rapid functional reorganization in human cortex following neural perturbation. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 09; 33(41):16268-74. PMID: 24107958; PMCID: PMC3792463.
    41. Anguera JA, Lyman K, Zanto TP, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Reconciling the influence of task-set switching and motor inhibition processes on stop signal after-effects. Front Psychol. 2013; 4:649. PMID: 24069010; PMCID: PMC3781352.
    42. Allen AK, Wilkins K, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Conscious thoughts from reflex-like processes: a new experimental paradigm for consciousness research. Conscious Cogn. 2013 Dec; 22(4):1318-31. PMID: 24056177.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Zanto TP, Pa J, Gazzaley A. Reliability measures of functional magnetic resonance imaging in a longitudinal evaluation of mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 01; 84:443-52. PMID: 24018304; PMCID: PMC3855402.
    44. Anguera JA, Boccanfuso J, Rintoul JL, Al-Hashimi O, Faraji F, Janowich J, Kong E, Larraburo Y, Rolle C, Johnston E, Gazzaley A. Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults. Nature. 2013 Sep 05; 501(7465):97-101. PMID: 24005416; PMCID: PMC3983066.
    45. Zanto TP, Sekuler R, Dube C, Gazzaley A. Age-related changes in expectation-based modulation of motion detectability. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e69766. PMID: 23950903; PMCID: PMC3739821.
    46. Zanto TP, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Anticipatory alpha phase influences visual working memory performance. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 2:794-802. PMID: 23891902; PMCID: PMC3859772.
    47. Mishra J, Zanto T, Nilakantan A, Gazzaley A. Comparable mechanisms of working memory interference by auditory and visual motion in youth and aging. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Aug; 51(10):1896-906. PMID: 23791629; PMCID: PMC3752408.
    48. Pa J, Berry AS, Compagnone M, Boccanfuso J, Greenhouse I, Rubens MT, Johnson JK, Gazzaley A. Cholinergic enhancement of functional networks in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2013 Jun; 73(6):762-73. PMID: 23447373; PMCID: PMC3748288.
    49. Voytek B, Gazzaley A. Stimulating the aging brain. Ann Neurol. 2013 Jan; 73(1):1-3. PMID: 23378322.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Mishra J, Anguera JA, Ziegler DA, Gazzaley A. A cognitive framework for understanding and improving interference resolution in the brain. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:351-77. PMID: 24309262; PMCID: PMC4067257.
    51. Hubbard J, Rigby T, Godwin CA, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Representations in working memory yield interference effects found with externally-triggered representations. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2013 Jan; 142(1):127-35. PMID: 23277339.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Cashdollar N, Fukuda K, Bocklage A, Aurtenetxe S, Vogel EK, Gazzaley A. Prolonged disengagement from attentional capture in normal aging. Psychol Aging. 2013 Mar; 28(1):77-86. PMID: 23066799; PMCID: PMC3586289.
    53. Mishra J, Gazzaley A. Attention distributed across sensory modalities enhances perceptual performance. J Neurosci. 2012 Aug 29; 32(35):12294-302. PMID: 22933811; PMCID: PMC3449148.
    54. Mishra J, Bavelier D, Gazzaley A. How to Assess Gaming-Induced Benefits on Attention and Working Memory. Games Health J. 2012 Jun; 1(3):192-198. PMID: 24761314.
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    55. Gazzaley A, Nobre AC. Top-down modulation: bridging selective attention and working memory. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Feb; 16(2):129-35. PMID: 22209601; PMCID: PMC3510782.
    56. Wais PE, Gazzaley A. The impact of auditory distraction on retrieval of visual memories. Psychon Bull Rev. 2011 Dec; 18(6):1090-7. PMID: 21938641.
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    57. Wais PE, Martin GM, Gazzaley A. The impact of visual distraction on episodic retrieval in older adults. Brain Res. 2012 Jan 09; 1430:78-85. PMID: 22119398; PMCID: PMC3242871.
    58. Kalkstein J, Checksfield K, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Diminished top-down control underlies a visual imagery deficit in normal aging. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):15768-74. PMID: 22049420; PMCID: PMC3510784.
    59. D'Esposito M, Gazzaley A. Can age-associated memory decline be treated? N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 06; 365(14):1346-7. PMID: 21991958.
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    60. Anguera JA, Gazzaley A. Dissociation of motor and sensory inhibition processes in normal aging. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 123(4):730-40. PMID: 21963321; PMCID: PMC3269557.
    61. Zanto TP, Pan P, Liu H, Bollinger J, Nobre AC, Gazzaley A. Age-related changes in orienting attention in time. J Neurosci. 2011 Aug 31; 31(35):12461-70. PMID: 21880908; PMCID: PMC3205974.
    62. Wais PE, Kim OY, Gazzaley A. Distractibility during episodic retrieval is exacerbated by perturbation of left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2012 Mar; 22(3):717-24. PMID: 21680847; PMCID: PMC3278320.
    63. Hubbard J, Gazzaley A, Morsella E. Traditional response interference effects from anticipated action outcomes: a response-effect compatibility paradigm. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2011 Sep; 138(1):106-10. PMID: 21658661.
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    64. Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Differential coupling of visual cortex with default or frontal-parietal network based on goals. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May 29; 14(7):830-2. PMID: 21623362; PMCID: PMC3125492.
    65. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Sabharwal J, Gazzaley A. Deficit in switching between functional brain networks underlies the impact of multitasking on working memory in older adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 26; 108(17):7212-7. PMID: 21482762; PMCID: PMC3084135.
    66. Wendelken C, Baym CL, Gazzaley A, Bunge SA. Neural indices of improved attentional modulation over middle childhood. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2011 Apr; 1(2):175-86. PMID: 21516182; PMCID: PMC3080660.
    67. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Thangavel A, Gazzaley A. Causal role of the prefrontal cortex in top-down modulation of visual processing and working memory. Nat Neurosci. 2011 May; 14(5):656-61. PMID: 21441920; PMCID: PMC3083493.
    68. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Masangkay E, Kalkstein J, Gazzaley A. An expectation-based memory deficit in aging. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1466-75. PMID: 21272595; PMCID: PMC3095697.
    69. Gazzaley A, Small SA. Alzheimer's disease. Network. 2011; 22(1-4):173-85. PMID: 22149678.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Gazzaley A. Influence of early attentional modulation on working memory. Neuropsychologia. 2011 May; 49(6):1410-24. PMID: 21184764; PMCID: PMC3086962.
    71. Bollinger J, Rubens MT, Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Expectation-driven changes in cortical functional connectivity influence working memory and long-term memory performance. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 27; 30(43):14399-410. PMID: 20980597; PMCID: PMC3006446.
    72. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Clapp WC, Hardy JL, Delahunt PB, Mahncke HW, Gazzaley A. The influence of perceptual training on working memory in older adults. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 14; 5(7):e11537. PMID: 20644719; PMCID: PMC2904363.
    73. Wais PE, Rubens MT, Boccanfuso J, Gazzaley A. Neural mechanisms underlying the impact of visual distraction on retrieval of long-term memory. J Neurosci. 2010 Jun 23; 30(25):8541-50. PMID: 20573901; PMCID: PMC2919837.
    74. Zanto TP, Rubens MT, Bollinger J, Gazzaley A. Top-down modulation of visual feature processing: the role of the inferior frontal junction. Neuroimage. 2010 Nov 01; 53(2):736-45. PMID: 20600999; PMCID: PMC2930130.
    75. Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Chadick JZ, Gazzaley A. Early top-down control of visual processing predicts working memory performance. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 22(6):1224-34. PMID: 19413473; PMCID: PMC2842470.
    76. Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Distinct mechanisms for the impact of distraction and interruption on working memory in aging. Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan; 33(1):134-48. PMID: 20144492; PMCID: PMC2891289.
    77. Zanto TP, Toy B, Gazzaley A. Delays in neural processing during working memory encoding in normal aging. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Jan; 48(1):13-25. PMID: 19666036; PMCID: PMC2794969.
    78. Morsella E, Wilson LE, Berger CC, Honhongva M, Gazzaley A, Bargh JA. Subjective aspects of cognitive control at different stages of processing. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009 Nov; 71(8):1807-24. PMID: 19933564; PMCID: PMC2784665.
    79. Zanto TP, Hennigan K, Ostberg M, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Predictive knowledge of stimulus relevance does not influence top-down suppression of irrelevant information in older adults. Cortex. 2010 Apr; 46(4):564-74. PMID: 19744649; PMCID: PMC2826515.
    80. Clapp WC, Rubens MT, Gazzaley A. Mechanisms of working memory disruption by external interference. Cereb Cortex. 2010 Apr; 20(4):859-72. PMID: 19648173; PMCID: PMC2837090.
    81. Berry AS, Zanto TP, Rutman AM, Clapp WC, Gazzaley A. Practice-related improvement in working memory is modulated by changes in processing external interference. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Sep; 102(3):1779-89. PMID: 19587320; PMCID: PMC2746773.
    82. Pa J, Boxer A, Chao LL, Gazzaley A, Freeman K, Kramer J, Miller BL, Weiner MW, Neuhaus J, Johnson JK. Clinical-neuroimaging characteristics of dysexecutive mild cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 2009 Apr; 65(4):414-23. PMID: 19399879; PMCID: PMC2680500.
    83. Zanto TP, Gazzaley A. Neural suppression of irrelevant information underlies optimal working memory performance. J Neurosci. 2009 Mar 11; 29(10):3059-66. PMID: 19279242; PMCID: PMC2704557.
    84. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. The effect of non-visual working memory load on top-down modulation of visual processing. Neuropsychologia. 2009 Jun; 47(7):1637-46. PMID: 19397858; PMCID: PMC2701233.
    85. Gazzaley A, Clapp W, Kelley J, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. Age-related top-down suppression deficit in the early stages of cortical visual memory processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 02; 105(35):13122-6. PMID: 18765818; PMCID: PMC2529045.
    86. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Dynamic adjustments in prefrontal, hippocampal, and inferior temporal interactions with increasing visual working memory load. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Jul; 18(7):1618-29. PMID: 17999985; PMCID: PMC2905315.
    87. Gazzaley A, Sheridan MA, Cooney JW, D'Esposito M. Age-related deficits in component processes of working memory. Neuropsychology. 2007 Sep; 21(5):532-9. PMID: 17784801.
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    88. Handwerker DA, Gazzaley A, Inglis BA, D'Esposito M. Reducing vascular variability of fMRI data across aging populations using a breathholding task. Hum Brain Mapp. 2007 Sep; 28(9):846-59. PMID: 17094119.
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    89. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, Cooney J, Rutman A, Seibert T, Clapp W, D'Esposito M. Functional interactions between prefrontal and visual association cortex contribute to top-down modulation of visual processing. Cereb Cortex. 2007 Sep; 17 Suppl 1:i125-35. PMID: 17725995; PMCID: PMC4530799.
    90. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Top-down modulation and normal aging. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Feb; 1097:67-83. PMID: 17413013.
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    91. Krawczyk DC, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Reward modulation of prefrontal and visual association cortex during an incentive working memory task. Brain Res. 2007 Apr 13; 1141:168-77. PMID: 17320835.
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    92. D'Esposito M, Cooney JW, Gazzaley A, Gibbs SE, Postle BR. Is the prefrontal cortex necessary for delay task performance? Evidence from lesion and FMRI data. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Mar; 12(2):248-60. PMID: 16573858.
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    93. Huh TJ, Kramer JH, Gazzaley A, Delis DC. Response bias and aging on a recognition memory task. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan; 12(1):1-7. PMID: 16433938.
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    94. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. Top-down suppression deficit underlies working memory impairment in normal aging. Nat Neurosci. 2005 Oct; 8(10):1298-300. PMID: 16158065.
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    95. Gazzaley A, Cooney JW, McEvoy K, Knight RT, D'Esposito M. Top-down enhancement and suppression of the magnitude and speed of neural activity. J Cogn Neurosci. 2005 Mar; 17(3):507-17. PMID: 15814009.
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    96. Gazzaley A, Rissman J, D'Esposito M. Functional connectivity during working memory maintenance. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 4(4):580-99. PMID: 15849899.
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    97. Rissman J, Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. Measuring functional connectivity during distinct stages of a cognitive task. Neuroimage. 2004 Oct; 23(2):752-63. PMID: 15488425.
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    98. D'Esposito M, Deouell LY, Gazzaley A. Alterations in the BOLD fMRI signal with ageing and disease: a challenge for neuroimaging. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003 Nov; 4(11):863-72. PMID: 14595398.
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    99. Gazzaley A, D'Esposito M. The contribution of functional brain imaging to our understanding of cognitive aging. Sci Aging Knowledge Environ. 2003 Jan 29; 2003(4):PE2. PMID: 12844554.
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    100. Gazzaley A, Kay S, Benson DL. Dendritic spine plasticity in hippocampus. Neuroscience. 2002; 111(4):853-62. PMID: 12031408.
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    101. Adams MM, Gazzaley AH, Morrison JH. Attenuated lesion-induced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) plasticity in the dentate gyrus of aged rats following perforant path lesions. Exp Neurol. 2001 Nov; 172(1):244-9. PMID: 11681857.
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    102. Gazzaley AH, Thakker MM, Hof PR, Morrison JH. Preserved number of entorhinal cortex layer II neurons in aged macaque monkeys. Neurobiol Aging. 1997 Sep-Oct; 18(5):549-53. PMID: 9390783.
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    103. Gazzaley AH, Benson DL, Huntley GW, Morrison JH. Differential subcellular regulation of NMDAR1 protein and mRNA in dendrites of dentate gyrus granule cells after perforant path transection. J Neurosci. 1997 Mar 15; 17(6):2006-17. PMID: 9045729.
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    104. Vissavajjhala P, Janssen WG, Hu Y, Gazzaley AH, Moran T, Hof PR, Morrison JH. Synaptic distribution of the AMPA-GluR2 subunit and its colocalization with calcium-binding proteins in rat cerebral cortex: an immunohistochemical study using a GluR2-specific monoclonal antibody. Exp Neurol. 1996 Dec; 142(2):296-312. PMID: 8934561.
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    105. Morrison JH, Gazzaley AH. Age-related alterations of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the dentate gyrus. Mol Psychiatry. 1996 Nov; 1(5):356-8. PMID: 9154225.
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