Carlin Long, MD

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address555 Mission Bay Blvd South, #352K
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-7251-2847 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Baylor University, Waco, TXBS06/1978Biology
    Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, TXMD06/1982Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA06/1985Internal Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA06/1986Chief Resident Internal Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA6/1989Cardiology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My basic research interests are on the cell-specific responses to myocardial injury with a particular focus on understanding the role of pro-inflammatory molecules in the transition from compensated to decompensated myocardial failure. For nearly 25 years I have been investigating how cells in the heart “speak” to one another in normal and abnormal growth with a particular interest on the cardiac fibroblasts which initiate the process of scarring within the heart muscle following injury.

    My clinical interests are in the arena of risk reduction for patients without known disease (primary prevention) but also in those with established disease (secondary prevention). I am particularly interested in how to engage patients in self-care using the wide variety of apps and wearables which allow for the accumulation of physiologic data over time and in monitoring how these can be modified by both behavioral cues but also in observing the response to therapies in their daily routines. In addition the advent of genome sequence data opens up another area for study in the field of prevention as well as in the patient-specific response to therapy, so-called personalized medicine.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    The Role of Histone Deacytelases in Right Ventricular Adaptation in Hypoplastic L
    NIH R21HL113846Jan 15, 2013 - Nov 30, 2015
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Small Animal Ultrasound Imager - Vevo 770
    NIH S10RR022399Apr 1, 2006 - Mar 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R01HL066399Sep 4, 2001 - Jun 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R01HL058974Apr 1, 1998 - Mar 31, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cytokine modulation of the cardiac fibroblast phenotype
    NIH R01HL059428Dec 22, 1997 - Jul 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Post Graduate Studies in Cardiovascular Research
    NIH T32HL007822Jul 1, 1996 - Jun 30, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Association of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Cardiopulmonary Long COVID With Exercise Capacity and Chronotropic Incompetence Among People With HIV. J Am Heart Assoc. 2023 10 17; 12(20):e030896. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Spinelli MA, Li D, Hoh R, Chenna A, Yee B, Winslow J, Petropoulos C, Gandhi M, Henrich TJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. PMID: 37830367; PMCID: PMC10757521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    2. Reduced Exercise Capacity, Chronotropic Incompetence, and Early Systemic Inflammation in Cardiopulmonary Phenotype Long Coronavirus Disease 2019. J Infect Dis. 2023 08 31; 228(5):542-554. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Kaveti P, Hill C, Li D, Sander E, Swaminathan S, Arechiga VM, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Hoh R, Chenna A, Yee BC, Winslow JW, Petropoulos CJ, Kelly JD, Glidden DV, Henrich TJ, Martin JN, Lee YJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Grandis DJ, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. PMID: 37166076; PMCID: PMC10686699.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    3. Association of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Cardiopulmonary Long COVID with Exercise Capacity and Chronotropic Incompetence among People with HIV. medRxiv. 2023 May 02. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Spinelli MA, Li D, Hoh R, Gandhi M, Henrich TJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. PMID: 37205522; PMCID: PMC10187359.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Reduced exercise capacity, chronotropic incompetence, and early systemic inflammation in cardiopulmonary phenotype Long COVID. medRxiv. 2023 Mar 21. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Kaveti P, Hill C, Li D, Sander E, Swaminathan S, Arechiga VM, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Hoh R, Chenna A, Yee BC, Winslow JW, Petropoulos CJ, Kelly JD, Glidden DV, Henrich TJ, Martin JN, Lee YJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Grandis DJ, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. PMID: 35677073; PMCID: PMC9176659.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Use of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing to Evaluate Long COVID-19 Symptoms in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 10 03; 5(10):e2236057. Durstenfeld MS, Sun K, Tahir P, Peluso MJ, Deeks SG, Aras MA, Grandis DJ, Long CS, Beatty A, Hsue PY. PMID: 36223120; PMCID: PMC9557896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    6. Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 Have Higher Plasma Aldosterone-Renin Ratio and Lower ACE Activity Than Controls. J Endocr Soc. 2022 Oct 26; 6(12):bvac144. Parikh NI, Arowolo F, Durstenfeld MS, Nah G, Njoroge J, Vittinghoff E, Long CS, Ganz P, Pearce D, Hsue P, Wu AHS, Hajizadeh N, Liu KD, Lynch KL. PMID: 36338506; PMCID: PMC9619433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    7. Piezo1 Channel as a Potential Target for Hindering Cardiac Fibrotic Remodeling. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jul 22; 23(15). Braidotti N, Chen SN, Long CS, Cojoc D, Sbaizero O. PMID: 35897650; PMCID: PMC9330509.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    8. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing to evaluate post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 ("Long COVID"): a systematic review and meta-analysis. medRxiv. 2022 Jun 16. Durstenfeld MS, Sun K, Tahir PM, Peluso MJ, Deeks SG, Aras MA, Grandis DJ, Long CS, Beatty A, Hsue PY. PMID: 35734081; PMCID: PMC9216726.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Altered microtubule structure, hemichannel localization and beating activity in cardiomyocytes expressing pathologic nuclear lamin A/C. Heliyon. 2020 Jan; 6(1):e03175. Borin D, Peña B, Chen SN, Long CS, Taylor MRG, Mestroni L, Sbaizero O. PMID: 32021920; PMCID: PMC6992992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7  
    10. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Cardiovascular Disease: A Review of the Literature and Proposed Multidisciplinary Clinical Management Strategy. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 01 08; 8(1):e010440. Tietjens JR, Claman D, Kezirian EJ, De Marco T, Mirzayan A, Sadroonri B, Goldberg AN, Long C, Gerstenfeld EP, Yeghiazarians Y. PMID: 30590966; PMCID: PMC6405725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 112     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. 3D Carbon-Nanotube-Based Composites for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. ACS Appl Bio Mater. 2018 Nov 19; 1(5):1530-1537. Martinelli V, Bosi S, Peña B, Baj G, Long CS, Sbaizero O, Giacca M, Prato M, Mestroni L. PMID: 34996204.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    
    12. Contrast-Enhanced Stress Echocardiography and Myocardial Perfusion Imaging in Patients Hospitalized With Chest Pain: A Randomized Study. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2018 06; 17(2):98-104. Salame G, Juselius WE, Burden M, Long CS, Bendelow T, Beaty B, Masoudi FA, Krantz MJ. PMID: 29768319.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Biomechanical defects and rescue of cardiomyocytes expressing pathologic nuclear lamins. Cardiovasc Res. 2018 05 01; 114(6):846-857. Laurini E, Martinelli V, Lanzicher T, Puzzi L, Borin D, Chen SN, Long CS, Lee P, Mestroni L, Taylor MRG, Sbaizero O, Pricl S. PMID: 29432544; PMCID: PMC5909658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Lung Vascular Remodeling, Cardiac Hypertrophy, and Inflammatory Cytokines in SHIVnef-Infected Macaques. Viral Immunol. 2018 04; 31(3):206-222. Almodovar S, Swanson J, Giavedoni LD, Kanthaswamy S, Long CS, Voelkel NF, Edwards MG, Folkvord JM, Connick E, Westmoreland SV, Luciw PA, Flores SC. PMID: 29256819; PMCID: PMC5909115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    15. Use of Wavelet Transform to Detect Compensated and Decompensated Stages in the Congestive Heart Failure Patient. Biosensors (Basel). 2017 Sep 20; 7(3). Sharma P, Newman K, Long CS, Gasiewski AJ, Barnes F. PMID: 28930184; PMCID: PMC5618046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Injectable Carbon Nanotube-Functionalized Reverse Thermal Gel Promotes Cardiomyocytes Survival and Maturation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017 Sep 20; 9(37):31645-31656. Peña B, Bosi S, Aguado BA, Borin D, Farnsworth NL, Dobrinskikh E, Rowland TJ, Martinelli V, Jeong M, Taylor MRG, Long CS, Shandas R, Sbaizero O, Prato M, Anseth KS, Park D, Mestroni L. PMID: 28895403; PMCID: PMC5672802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    17. Histone deacetylase adaptation in single ventricle heart disease and a young animal model of right ventricular hypertrophy. Pediatr Res. 2017 Oct; 82(4):642-649. Blakeslee WW, Demos-Davies KM, Lemon DD, Lutter KM, Cavasin MA, Payne S, Nunley K, Long CS, McKinsey TA, Miyamoto SD. PMID: 28549058; PMCID: PMC5599335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    18. The cell-stretcher: A novel device for the mechanical stimulation of cell populations. Rev Sci Instrum. 2016 Aug; 87(8):084301. Seriani S, Del Favero G, Mahaffey J, Marko D, Gallina P, Long CS, Mestroni L, Sbaizero O. PMID: 27587132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Biomimetic Polymers for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. Biomacromolecules. 2016 05 09; 17(5):1593-601. Peña B, Martinelli V, Jeong M, Bosi S, Lapasin R, Taylor MR, Long CS, Shandas R, Park D, Mestroni L. PMID: 27073119; PMCID: PMC4863197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Longitudinal Changes in Vascular Risk Markers and Mortality Rates among a Latino Population with Hypertension. Tex Heart Inst J. 2016 Apr; 43(2):131-6. Pflederer MC, Long CS, Beaty B, Havranek EP, Mehler PS, Keniston A, Krantz MJ. PMID: 27127427; PMCID: PMC4845581.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Associations of Adiponectin with Adiposity, Insulin Sensitivity, and Diet in Young, Healthy, Mexican Americans and Non-Latino White Adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Dec 22; 13(1):ijerph13010054. Pereira RI, Low Wang CC, Wolfe P, Havranek EP, Long CS, Bessesen DH. PMID: 26703682; PMCID: PMC4730445.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension: a randomized pilot study. J Negat Results Biomed. 2015 Dec 02; 14:21. Krantz MJ, Havranek EP, Pereira RI, Beaty B, Mehler PS, Long CS. PMID: 26631058; PMCID: PMC4668614.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. The Cardiomyopathy Lamin A/C D192G Mutation Disrupts Whole-Cell Biomechanics in Cardiomyocytes as Measured by Atomic Force Microscopy Loading-Unloading Curve Analysis. Sci Rep. 2015 Sep 01; 5:13388. Lanzicher T, Martinelli V, Puzzi L, Del Favero G, Codan B, Long CS, Mestroni L, Taylor MR, Sbaizero O. PMID: 26323789; PMCID: PMC4555041.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    24. AFM single-cell force spectroscopy links altered nuclear and cytoskeletal mechanics to defective cell adhesion in cardiac myocytes with a nuclear lamin mutation. Nucleus. 2015; 6(5):394-407. Lanzicher T, Martinelli V, Long CS, Del Favero G, Puzzi L, Borelli M, Mestroni L, Taylor MR, Sbaizero O. PMID: 26309016; PMCID: PMC4915516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    25. Analysis of long- and short-range contribution to adhesion work in cardiac fibroblasts: an atomic force microscopy study. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2015 Apr; 49:217-224. Sbaizero O, DelFavero G, Martinelli V, Long CS, Mestroni L. PMID: 25686942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. Laser vibrometer measurement of guided wave modes in rail track. Ultrasonics. 2015 Mar; 57:209-17. Loveday PW, Long CS. PMID: 25497003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    27. Exploring the elasticity and adhesion behavior of cardiac fibroblasts by atomic force microscopy indentation. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2014 Jul 01; 40:427-34. Codan B, Del Favero G, Martinelli V, Long CS, Mestroni L, Sbaizero O. PMID: 24857511; PMCID: PMC4086809.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    28. Targeting cardiac fibroblasts to treat fibrosis of the heart: focus on HDACs. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 May; 70:100-7. Schuetze KB, McKinsey TA, Long CS. PMID: 24631770; PMCID: PMC4080911.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. Effect of class IV laser therapy on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis: a clinical and experimental study. Am J Pathol. 2013 Dec; 183(6):1747-1757. Ottaviani G, Gobbo M, Sturnega M, Martinelli V, Mano M, Zanconati F, Bussani R, Perinetti G, Long CS, Di Lenarda R, Giacca M, Biasotto M, Zacchigna S. PMID: 24096076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    30. Carbon nanotubes instruct physiological growth and functionally mature syncytia: nongenetic engineering of cardiac myocytes. ACS Nano. 2013 Jul 23; 7(7):5746-56. Martinelli V, Cellot G, Toma FM, Long CS, Caldwell JH, Zentilin L, Giacca M, Turco A, Prato M, Ballerini L, Mestroni L. PMID: 23734857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. MAP kinase kinase kinase-2 (MEKK2) regulates hypertrophic remodeling of the right ventricle in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 15; 304(2):H269-81. Brown RD, Ambler SK, Li M, Sullivan TM, Henry LN, Crossno JT, Long CS, Garrington TP, Stenmark KR. PMID: 23125215; PMCID: PMC3543664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Carbon nanotubes promote growth and spontaneous electrical activity in cultured cardiac myocytes. Nano Lett. 2012 Apr 11; 12(4):1831-8. Martinelli V, Cellot G, Toma FM, Long CS, Caldwell JH, Zentilin L, Giacca M, Turco A, Prato M, Ballerini L, Mestroni L. PMID: 22432413.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 60     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Factors influencing QT prolongation in patients hospitalized with severe anorexia nervosa. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2012 Mar-Apr; 34(2):173-7. Krantz MJ, Sabel AL, Sagar U, Long CS, Barbey JT, White KV, Gaudiani JL, Mehler PS. PMID: 21917317.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Regulatory T cells limit vascular endothelial injury and prevent pulmonary hypertension. Circ Res. 2011 Sep 30; 109(8):867-79. Tamosiuniene R, Tian W, Dhillon G, Wang L, Sung YK, Gera L, Patterson AJ, Agrawal R, Rabinovitch M, Ambler K, Long CS, Voelkel NF, Nicolls MR. PMID: 21868697; PMCID: PMC3204361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 148     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Circulating adiponectin levels are lower in Latino versus non-Latino white patients at risk for cardiovascular disease, independent of adiposity measures. BMC Endocr Disord. 2011 Jul 07; 11:13. Pereira RI, Wang CC, Hosokawa P, Dickinson LM, Chonchol M, Krantz MJ, Steiner JF, Bessesen DH, Havranek EP, Long CS. PMID: 21736747; PMCID: PMC3141565.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    
    36. Complement C3 serum levels in anorexia nervosa: a potential biomarker for the severity of disease? Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2011 May 04; 10:16. Flierl MA, Gaudiani JL, Sabel AL, Long CS, Stahel PF, Mehler PS. PMID: 21542928; PMCID: PMC3110119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    37. Cardiac HDAC6 catalytic activity is induced in response to chronic hypertension. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2011 Jul; 51(1):41-50. Lemon DD, Horn TR, Cavasin MA, Jeong MY, Haubold KW, Long CS, Irwin DC, McCune SA, Chung E, Leinwand LA, McKinsey TA. PMID: 21539845; PMCID: PMC3113526.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    38. Pulse wave velocity and carotid atherosclerosis in white and Latino patients with hypertension. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2011 Apr 11; 11:15. Krantz MJ, Long CS, Hosokawa P, Karimkahani E, Dickinson M, Estacio RO, Masoudi FA, Havranek EP. PMID: 21481252; PMCID: PMC3080337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Congestive Heart Failure home monitoring pilot study in urban Denver. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011; 2011:3150-3. Bakhshi S, Li X, Semenov N, Apodaca-Madrid J, Mahoor MH, Newman KE, Long CS, Neuman C. PMID: 22255008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Critical role for death-receptor mediated apoptotic signaling in viral myocarditis. J Card Fail. 2010 Nov; 16(11):901-10. DeBiasi RL, Robinson BA, Leser JS, Brown RD, Long CS, Clarke P. PMID: 21055654; PMCID: PMC2994069.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    41. AFos inhibits phenylephrine-mediated contractile dysfunction by altering phospholamban phosphorylation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010 Jun; 298(6):H1719-26. Jeong MY, Walker JS, Brown RD, Moore RL, Vinson CS, Colucci WS, Long CS. PMID: 20363890; PMCID: PMC2886629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Chronic pulmonary artery pressure elevation is insufficient to explain right heart failure. Circulation. 2009 Nov 17; 120(20):1951-60. Bogaard HJ, Natarajan R, Henderson SC, Long CS, Kraskauskas D, Smithson L, Ockaili R, McCord JM, Voelkel NF. PMID: 19884466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 235     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    43. Cardiac cell-specific apoptotic and cytokine responses to reovirus infection: determinants of myocarditic phenotype. J Card Fail. 2009 Aug; 15(6):529-39. Miyamoto SD, Brown RD, Robinson BA, Tyler KL, Long CS, Debiasi RL. PMID: 19643365; PMCID: PMC2772824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    44. Prolonged administration of a dithiol antioxidant protects against ventricular remodeling due to ischemia-reperfusion in mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Sep; 295(3):H1303-H1310. Ambler SK, Hodges YK, Jones GM, Long CS, Horwitz LD. PMID: 18689493; PMCID: PMC2544508.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    45. Inpatient initiation of beta-blockade plus nurse management in vulnerable heart failure patients: a randomized study. J Card Fail. 2008 May; 14(4):303-9. Krantz MJ, Havranek EP, Haynes DK, Smith I, Bucher-Bartelson B, Long CS. PMID: 18474343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Cytokines regulate matrix metalloproteinases and migration in cardiac fibroblasts. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Oct 12; 362(1):200-205. Brown RD, Jones GM, Laird RE, Hudson P, Long CS. PMID: 17706606; PMCID: PMC2017114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    47. Comprehensive coronary artery disease care in a safety-net hospital: results of Get With The Guidelines quality improvement initiative. J Manag Care Pharm. 2007 May; 13(4):319-25. Krantz MJ, Baker WA, Estacio RO, Haynes DK, Mehler PS, Fonarow GC, Long CS. PMID: 17506598; PMCID: PMC10437928.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Restoration of CREB function is linked to completion and stabilization of adaptive cardiac hypertrophy in response to exercise. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jul; 293(1):H246-59. Watson PA, Reusch JE, McCune SA, Leinwand LA, Luckey SW, Konhilas JP, Brown DA, Chicco AJ, Sparagna GC, Long CS, Moore RL. PMID: 17337597.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    49. Prevalence of desmin mutations in dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2007 Mar 13; 115(10):1244-51. Taylor MR, Slavov D, Ku L, Di Lenarda A, Sinagra G, Carniel E, Haubold K, Boucek MM, Ferguson D, Graw SL, Zhu X, Cavanaugh J, Sucharov CC, Long CS, Bristow MR, Lavori P, Mestroni L, Familial Cardiomyopathy Registry, BEST (Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial) DNA Bank. PMID: 17325244.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 84     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    50. IL-1beta stimulates rat cardiac fibroblast migration via MAP kinase pathways. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Feb; 292(2):H1139-47. Mitchell MD, Laird RE, Brown RD, Long CS. PMID: 17085539.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    51. Right ventricular function and failure: report of a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute working group on cellular and molecular mechanisms of right heart failure. Circulation. 2006 Oct 24; 114(17):1883-91. Voelkel NF, Quaife RA, Leinwand LA, Barst RJ, McGoon MD, Meldrum DR, Dupuis J, Long CS, Rubin LJ, Smart FW, Suzuki YJ, Gladwin M, Denholm EM, Gail DB, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Working Group on Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Righ. PMID: 17060398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 407     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. The PPAR-alpha activator fenofibrate fails to provide myocardial protection in ischemia and reperfusion in pigs. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2006 May; 290(5):H1798-807. Xu Y, Lu L, Greyson C, Rizeq M, Nunley K, Wyatt B, Bristow MR, Long CS, Schwartz GG. PMID: 16339839; PMCID: PMC3633446.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    53. Off-site percutaneous coronary intervention reduces hospital length of stay in vulnerable patients with acute myocardial infarction. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2005 Sep; 4(3):127-30. Krantz MJ, Haugen SJ, Batal H, Long CS. PMID: 18340197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    54. Thyroid hormone induces cardiac myocyte hypertrophy in a thyroid hormone receptor alpha1-specific manner that requires TAK1 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Mol Endocrinol. 2005 Jun; 19(6):1618-28. Kinugawa K, Jeong MY, Bristow MR, Long CS. PMID: 15831522; PMCID: PMC1237131.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    55. AFos dissociates cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and expression of the pathological gene program. Circulation. 2005 Apr 05; 111(13):1645-51. Jeong MY, Kinugawa K, Vinson C, Long CS. PMID: 15795322; PMCID: PMC1201436.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    56. Yin Yang 1 represses alpha-myosin heavy chain gene expression in pathologic cardiac hypertrophy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jan 07; 326(1):79-86. Mariner PD, Luckey SW, Long CS, Sucharov CC, Leinwand LA. PMID: 15567155.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    57. The cardiac fibroblast: therapeutic target in myocardial remodeling and failure. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2005; 45:657-87. Brown RD, Ambler SK, Mitchell MD, Long CS. PMID: 15822192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 254     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    58. PPAR-gamma activation fails to provide myocardial protection in ischemia and reperfusion in pigs. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):H1314-23. Xu Y, Gen M, Lu L, Fox J, Weiss SO, Brown RD, Perlov D, Ahmad H, Zhu P, Greyson C, Long CS, Schwartz GG. PMID: 15528232; PMCID: PMC3633522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    59. Impact of a cardiac risk reduction program in vulnerable patients hospitalized with coronary artery disease. Pharmacotherapy. 2004 Jun; 24(6):768-75. Krantz MJ, Havranek EP, Mehler PS, Haynes DK, Long CS. PMID: 15222667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Deleterious effects of acute treatment with a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activator in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in pigs. Diabetes. 2003 May; 52(5):1187-94. Xu Y, Lu L, Greyson C, Lee J, Gen M, Kinugawa K, Long CS, Schwartz GG. PMID: 12716751; PMCID: PMC3633427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    61. The cardiac fibroblast, another therapeutic target for mending the broken heart? J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2002 Oct; 34(10):1273-8. Long CS, Brown RD. PMID: 12392983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    62. Cardiotrophin-1 in heart failure. Circulation. 2002 Sep 17; 106(12):1430-2. Bristow MR, Long CS. PMID: 12234941.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    63. Expression of TR isoforms in failing human heart. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Oct; 86(10):5089-90. Kinugawa K, Long CS, Bristow MR. PMID: 11600594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Regulation of thyroid hormone receptor isoforms in physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Circ Res. 2001 Sep 28; 89(7):591-8. Kinugawa K, Yonekura K, Ribeiro RC, Eto Y, Aoyagi T, Baxter JD, Camacho SA, Bristow MR, Long CS, Simpson PC. PMID: 11577024.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    65. A role for the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases in interleukin-1 beta-stimulated delayed signal tranducer and activator of transcription 3 activation, atrial natriuretic factor expression, and cardiac myocyte morphology. J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 03; 276(31):29490-8. Ng DC, Long CS, Bogoyevitch MA. PMID: 11382751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    66. The role of interleukin-1 in the failing heart. Heart Fail Rev. 2001 Mar; 6(2):81-94. Long CS. PMID: 11309527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    67. Signaling pathways responsible for fetal gene induction in the failing human heart: evidence for altered thyroid hormone receptor gene expression. Circulation. 2001 Feb 27; 103(8):1089-94. Kinugawa K, Minobe WA, Wood WM, Ridgway EC, Baxter JD, Ribeiro RC, Tawadrous MF, Lowes BA, Long CS, Bristow MR. PMID: 11222471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    68. The Ultraviolet Index: a useful tool. Dermatol Online J. 2000 Sep; 6(1):2. Kinney JP, Long CS. PMID: 11328612.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. IL-1 beta increases abundance and activity of the negative transcriptional regulator yin yang-1 (YY1) in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2000 Jul; 32(7):1341-52. Patten M, Wang W, Aminololama-Shakeri S, Burson M, Long CS. PMID: 10860774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    70. Hypoxia differentially regulates stress proteins in cultured cardiomyocytes: role of the p38 stress-activated kinase signaling cascade, and relation to cytoprotection. Cardiovasc Res. 2000 Apr; 46(1):139-50. Kacimi R, Chentoufi J, Honbo N, Long CS, Karliner JS. PMID: 10727662.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    71. Pro-inflammatory cytokines stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase subfamilies, increase phosphorylation of c-Jun and ATF2 and upregulate c-Jun protein in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1999 Dec; 31(12):2087-99. Clerk A, Harrison JG, Long CS, Sugden PH. PMID: 10640438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    72. Expression of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase is reduced in rats with postinfarction heart failure. Heart. 1999 Mar; 81(3):303-7. Simonini A, Chang K, Yue P, Long CS, Massie BM. PMID: 10026358; PMCID: PMC1728966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    73. Angiotensin II stimulates cardiac myocyte hypertrophy via paracrine release of TGF-beta 1 and endothelin-1 from fibroblasts. Cardiovasc Res. 1998 Nov; 40(2):352-63. Gray MO, Long CS, Kalinyak JE, Li HT, Karliner JS. PMID: 9893729.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 137     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    74. Cardiac fibroblasts arrest at the G1/S restriction point in response to interleukin (IL)-1beta. Evidence for IL-1beta-induced hypophosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein. J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 02; 273(40):25796-803. Koudssi F, López JE, Villegas S, Long CS. PMID: 9748252.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    75. Post-infarction heart failure in the rat is associated with distinct alterations in cardiac myocyte molecular phenotype. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1998 Aug; 30(8):1615-30. Yue P, Long CS, Austin R, Chang KC, Simpson PC, Massie BM. PMID: 9737947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    76. Cytokine expression increases in nonmyocytes from rats with postinfarction heart failure. Am J Physiol. 1998 07; 275(1):H250-8. Yue P, Massie BM, Simpson PC, Long CS. PMID: 9688921.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    77. Expression and regulation of adhesion molecules in cardiac cells by cytokines: response to acute hypoxia. Circ Res. 1998 Mar 23; 82(5):576-86. Kacimi R, Karliner JS, Koudssi F, Long CS. PMID: 9529162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    78. Chronic hypoxia modulates the interleukin-1beta-stimulated inducible nitric oxide synthase pathway in cardiac myocytes. Circulation. 1997 Sep 16; 96(6):1937-43. Kacimi R, Long CS, Karliner JS. PMID: 9323084.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    79. Cross talk between angiotensin AT1 and alpha 1-adrenergic receptors: angiotensin II downregulates alpha 1a-adrenergic receptor subtype mRNA and density in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. Circ Res. 1997 Sep; 81(3):396-403. Li HT, Long CS, Gray MO, Rokosh DG, Honbo NY, Karliner JS. PMID: 9285642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    80. Autocrine and Paracrine Regulation of Myocardial Cell Growth in Vitro The TGFβ Paradigm. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 1996 Oct; 6(7):217-26. Long CS. PMID: 21232300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    
    81. Interleukin-1beta is a negative transcriptional regulator of alpha1-adrenergic induced gene expression in cultured cardiac myocytes. J Biol Chem. 1996 Aug 30; 271(35):21134-41. Patten M, Hartogensis WE, Long CS. PMID: 8702883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    82. Alterations in skeletal muscle gene expression in the rat with chronic congestive heart failure. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1996 Aug; 28(8):1683-91. Simonini A, Massie BM, Long CS, Qi M, Samarel AM. PMID: 8877778.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    83. Heart failure in rats causes changes in skeletal muscle morphology and gene expression that are not explained by reduced activity. Circ Res. 1996 Jul; 79(1):128-36. Simonini A, Long CS, Dudley GA, Yue P, McElhinny J, Massie BM. PMID: 8925560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    84. Alpha1-adrenergic receptor subtype mRNAs are differentially regulated by alpha1-adrenergic and other hypertrophic stimuli in cardiac myocytes in culture and in vivo. Repression of alpha1B and alpha1D but induction of alpha1C. J Biol Chem. 1996 Mar 08; 271(10):5839-43. Rokosh DG, Stewart AF, Chang KC, Bailey BA, Karliner JS, Camacho SA, Long CS, Simpson PC. PMID: 8621454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    85. Chronic hypoxia differentially regulates alpha 1-adrenergic receptor subtype mRNAs and inhibits alpha 1-adrenergic receptor-stimulated cardiac hypertrophy and signaling. Circulation. 1995 Aug 15; 92(4):918-25. Li HT, Long CS, Rokosh DG, Honbo NY, Karliner JS. PMID: 7641375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    86. Interleukin-1 beta induces cardiac myocyte growth but inhibits cardiac fibroblast proliferation in culture. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jun; 95(6):2555-64. Palmer JN, Hartogensis WE, Patten M, Fortuin FD, Long CS. PMID: 7769098; PMCID: PMC295937.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    87. Neutral endopeptidase in the heart. Neutral endopeptidase inhibition prevents isoproterenol-induced myocardial hypoperfusion in rats by reducing bradykinin degradation. Circ Res. 1994 Oct; 75(4):770-9. Piedimonte G, Nadel JA, Long CS, Hoffman JI. PMID: 7923622.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    88. Cloning of the rat alpha 1C-adrenergic receptor from cardiac myocytes. alpha 1C, alpha 1B, and alpha 1D mRNAs are present in cardiac myocytes but not in cardiac fibroblasts. Circ Res. 1994 Oct; 75(4):796-802. Stewart AF, Rokosh DG, Bailey BA, Karns LR, Chang KC, Long CS, Kariya K, Simpson PC. PMID: 7923624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    89. Distribution of alpha 1C-adrenergic receptor mRNA in adult rat tissues by RNase protection assay and comparison with alpha 1B and alpha 1D. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 May 16; 200(3):1177-84. Rokosh DG, Bailey BA, Stewart AF, Karns LR, Long CS, Simpson PC. PMID: 8185565.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    90. Beta-adrenergic stimulation of cardiac non-myocytes augments the growth-promoting activity of non-myocyte conditioned medium. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1993 Aug; 25(8):915-25. Long CS, Hartogensis WE, Simpson PC. PMID: 7505339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    91. Sympathetic modulation of the cardiac myocyte phenotype: studies with a cell-culture model of myocardial hypertrophy. Basic Res Cardiol. 1992; 87 Suppl 2:19-31. Long CS, Kariya K, Karns L, Simpson PC. PMID: 1338564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    92. A growth factor for cardiac myocytes is produced by cardiac nonmyocytes. Cell Regul. 1991 Dec; 2(12):1081-95. Long CS, Henrich CJ, Simpson PC. PMID: 1801925; PMCID: PMC361907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    93. Adrenergic hormones and control of cardiac myocyte growth. Mol Cell Biochem. 1991 May 29-Jun 12; 104(1-2):35-43. Simpson PC, Kariya K, Karns LR, Long CS, Karliner JS. PMID: 1656195.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    
    94. Sympathetic activity: modulator of myocardial hypertrophy. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1991; 17 Suppl 2:S20-4. Long CS, Kariya K, Karns L, Simpson PC. PMID: 1715479.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    95. Trophic factors for cardiac myocytes. J Hypertens Suppl. 1990 Dec; 8(7):S219-24. Long CS, Kariya K, Karns L, Simpson PC. PMID: 1965655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    96. Transcription of early developmental isogenes in cardiac myocyte hypertrophy. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1989 Dec; 21 Suppl 5:79-89. Simpson PC, Long CS, Waspe LE, Henrich CJ, Ordahl CP. PMID: 2560798.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    97. Alpha 1-adrenergic receptor stimulation of sarcomeric actin isogene transcription in hypertrophy of cultured rat heart muscle cells. J Clin Invest. 1989 Mar; 83(3):1078-82. Long CS, Ordahl CP, Simpson PC. PMID: 2537847; PMCID: PMC303787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    98. Transcriptional repression of an embryo-specific muscle gene. Dev Biol. 1988 May; 127(1):228-34. Long CS, Ordahl CP. PMID: 2452105.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    99. L'infarctus du ventricule droit--right ventricular infarction in the 1980s. West J Med. 1987 Mar; 146(3):344-50. Long CS. PMID: 3577123; PMCID: PMC1307282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Perioperative nursing. A special project. AORN J. 1984 Mar; 39(4):609-15. Barness SK, Long CS. PMID: 6202235.
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    101. Observations on the affinity for carnitine, and malonyl-CoA sensitivity, of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I in animal and human tissues. Demonstration of the presence of malonyl-CoA in non-hepatic tissues of the rat. Biochem J. 1983 Jul 15; 214(1):21-8. McGarry JD, Mills SE, Long CS, Foster DW. PMID: 6615466; PMCID: PMC1152205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 119     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    102. Kinetics of carnitine-dependent fatty acid oxidation: implications for human carnitine deficiency. Neurology. 1982 Jun; 32(6):663-6. Long CS, Haller RG, Foster DW, McGarry JD. PMID: 7201097.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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