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Edward Gerstenfeld, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
Address500 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco CA 94117
Phone415-476-5706
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoClinical Fellowship School of Medicine - Cardiology
    Northwestern UniversityM.D.1993School of Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    CLINICAL INTERESTS:
    1) Treatment of atrial fibrillation (including catheter ablation of paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation); mapping and ablation of atrial tachycardias/flutters that occur after AF ablation;
    2) Treatment and ablation of supraventricular tachycardias (atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, AV node reentry, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome);
    3) Mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with normal hearts, and in patients ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy (including epicardial mapping and ablation).
    4) Treatment of ventricular tachycardia in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVC), including endocardial and epicardial mapping and ablation.
    5) Treatment of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes including long QT syndrome (LQTS), catecholaminergic VT (CPVT), Brugada syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    RESEARCH INTERESTS: Dr Gerstenfeld's laboratory is interested in better understanding the mechanism of atrial fibrillation using signal processing an humans and preclinical models. Dr Gerstenfeld has also worked in the preclinical and clinical lab developing new technology for the ablation of arrhythmias, including working with cryoablation and laser ablation. He has also worked with developing better imaging techniques for identifying scar before and after ablation using delayed enhancement cardiac MRI. Finally he has worked in the preclinical lab with models of ischemic ventricular tachycardia and pacing induced cardiomyopathy in order to better understand the mechanism of cardiomyopathy causes by premature ventricular beats.


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Calkins H, Hindricks G, Cappato R, Kim YH, Saad EB, Aguinaga L, Akar JG, Badhwar V, Brugada J, Camm J, Chen PS, Chen SA, Chung MK, Nielsen JC, Curtis AB, Wyn Davies D, Day JD, d'Avila A, de Groot NMSN, Di Biase L, Duytschaever M, Edgerton JR, Ellenbogen KA, Ellinor PT, Ernst S, Fenelon G, Gerstenfeld E, Haines DE, Haissaguerre M, Helm RH, Hylek E, Jackman WM, Jalife J, Kalman JM, Kautzner J, Kottkamp H, Kuck KH, Kumagai K, Lee R, Lewalter T, Lindsay BD, Macle L, Mansour M, Marchlinski FE, Michaud GF, Nakagawa H, Natale A, Nattel S, Okumura K, Packer D, Pokushalov E, Reynolds MR, Sanders P, Scanavacca M, Schilling R, Tondo C, Tsao HM, Verma A, Wilber DJ, Yamane T. 2017 HRS/EHRA/ECAS/APHRS/SOLAECE expert consensus statement on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation: executive summary. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2017 Sep 15. PMID: 28914401.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Gerstenfeld E, Moss JD. Sympathetic Denervation to Treat Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia: Do We Have the Nerve? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Jun 27; 69(25):3081-3083. PMID: 28641797.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Calkins H, Hindricks G, Cappato R, Kim YH, Saad EB, Aguinaga L, Akar JG, Badhwar V, Brugada J, Camm J, Chen PS, Chen SA, Chung MK, Nielsen JC, Curtis AB, Davies DW, Day JD, d'Avila A, Natasja de Groot NMS, Di Biase L, Duytschaever M, Edgerton JR, Ellenbogen KA, Ellinor PT, Ernst S, Fenelon G, Gerstenfeld E, Haines DE, Haissaguerre M, Helm RH, Hylek E, Jackman WM, Jalife J, Kalman JM, Kautzner J, Kottkamp H, Kuck KH, Kumagai K, Lee R, Lewalter T, Lindsay BD, Macle L, Mansour M, Marchlinski FE, Michaud GF, Nakagawa H, Natale A, Nattel S, Okumura K, Packer D, Pokushalov E, Reynolds MR, Sanders P, Scanavacca M, Schilling R, Tondo C, Tsao HM, Verma A, Wilber DJ, Yamane T. 2017 HRS/EHRA/ECAS/APHRS/SOLAECE expert consensus statement on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2017 May 12. PMID: 28506916.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Calkins H, Willems S, Gerstenfeld E, Verma A, Schilling R, Hohnloser SH, Okumura K, Serota H, Nordaby M, Guiver K, Biss B, Brouwer MA, Grimaldi M. Uninterrupted Dabigatran versus Warfarin for Ablation in Atrial Fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2017 04 27; 376(17):1627-1636. PMID: 28317415.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Nazer B, Gerstenfeld E. Cardiac autonomic neuromodulation: Can "kilohertz frequency" reduce arrhythmia frequency? Heart Rhythm. 2017 Jul; 14(7):1071-1072. PMID: 28286244.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Nazer B, Walters TE, Duggirala S, Gerstenfeld E. Feasibility of Rapid Linear-Endocardial and Epicardial Ventricular Ablation Using an Irrigated Multipolar Radiofrequency Ablation Catheter. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2017 Mar; 10(3). PMID: 28288961.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Whitman IR, Gladstone RA, Badhwar N, Hsia HH, Lee BK, Josephson SA, Meisel KM, Dillon WP, Hess CP, Gerstenfeld E, Marcus GM. Brain Emboli After Left Ventricular Endocardial Ablation. Circulation. 2017 Feb 28; 135(9):867-877. PMID: 28119381.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ermakov S, Gerstenfeld E, Svetlichnaya Y, Scheinman MM. Use of flecainide in combination antiarrhythmic therapy in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Heart Rhythm. 2017 Apr; 14(4):564-569. PMID: 27939893.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Nguyen KT, Gladstone RA, Dukes JW, Nazer B, Vittinghoff E, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Gerstenfeld E, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Marcus GM. The QT Interval as a Noninvasive Marker of Atrial Refractoriness. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2016 Dec; 39(12):1366-1372. PMID: 27753113.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Woods CE, Shang C, Taghavi F, Downey P, Zalewski A, Rubio GR, Liu J, Homburger JR, Grunwald Z, Qi W, Bollensdorff C, Thanaporn P, Ali A, Riemer RK, Kohl P, Mochly-Rosen D, Gerstenfeld E, Large S, Ali ZA, Ashley EA. In Vivo Post-Cardiac Arrest Myocardial Dysfunction Is Supported by Ca2+/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II-Mediated Calcium Long-Term Potentiation and Mitigated by Alda-1, an Agonist of Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Type 2. Circulation. 2016 Sep 27; 134(13):961-77. PMID: 27582424; PMCID: PMC5040468 [Available on 09/27/17].
    11. Skoda J, Arya A, Garcia F, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski F, Hindricks G, Miller J, Petru J, Sediva L, Sha Q, Janotka M, Chovanec M, Waldauf P, Neuzil P, Reddy VY. Catheter Ablation of Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia With Remote Magnetic Navigation: STOP-VT Multicenter Trial. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2016 Mar; 27 Suppl 1:S29-37. PMID: 26969220.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Roberts JD, Gerstenfeld E. Concomitant Isolation of the Pulmonary Veins and Posterior Wall Using a Box Lesion Set in a Patient with Persistent Atrial Fibrillation and Variant Pulmonary Venous Anatomy. Card Electrophysiol Clin. 2016 Mar; 8(1):145-9. PMID: 26920183.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Nazer B, Salgaonkar V, Diederich CJ, Jones PD, Duggirala S, Tanaka Y, Ng B, Sievers R, Gerstenfeld E. Epicardial Catheter Ablation Using High-Intensity Ultrasound: Validation in a Swine Model. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2015 Dec; 8(6):1491-7. PMID: 26546345.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Tanaka Y, Rahmutula D, Duggirala S, Nazer B, Fang Q, Olgin J, Sievers R, Gerstenfeld E. Diffuse fibrosis leads to a decrease in unipolar voltage: Validation in a swine model of premature ventricular contraction-induced cardiomyopathy. Heart Rhythm. 2016 Feb; 13(2):547-54. PMID: 26416621.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Nazer B, Woods C, Dewland T, Moyers B, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld E. Importance of Ventricular Tachycardia Induction and Mapping for Patients Referred for Epicardial Ablation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2015 Nov; 38(11):1333-42. PMID: 26228002.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Gerstenfeld E, Duggirala S. Atrial fibrillation ablation: indications, emerging techniques, and follow-up. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2015 Sep-Oct; 58(2):202-12. PMID: 26241304.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Ito H, Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Gerstenfeld E, Scheinman MM. The Effect of Direct Current Stimulation versus T-Wave Shock on Defibrillation Threshold Testing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2015 Oct; 38(10):1173-80. PMID: 26137999.
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    18. Dukkipati SR, Woollett I, McELDERRY HT, Böhmer MC, Doshi SK, Gerstenfeld E, Horton R, D'Avila A, Haines DE, Valderrabano M, Mangrum JM, Ruskin JN, Natale A, Reddy VY. Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using the Visually Guided Laser Balloon: Results of the U.S. Feasibility Study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2015 Jun 15. PMID: 26080067.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Kawamura M, Hsu JC, Vedantham V, Marcus GM, Hsia HH, Gerstenfeld E, Scheinman MM, Badhwar N. Clinical and electrocardiographic characteristics of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias with right bundle branch block and superior axis: Comparison of apical crux area and posterior septal left ventricle. Heart Rhythm. 2015 Jun; 12(6):1137-44. PMID: 25728755.
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    20. Hoffmayer KS, Gerstenfeld E. Contact force-sensing catheters. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2015 Jan; 30(1):74-80. PMID: 25389646.
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    21. Calkins H, Gerstenfeld E, Schilling R, Verma A, Willems S. RE-CIRCUIT study-randomized evaluation of Dabigatran etexilate compared to warfarin in pulmonary vein ablation: assessment of an uninterrupted periprocedural anticoagulation strategy. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Jan 01; 115(1):154-5. PMID: 25456859.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Campos B, Jauregui ME, Marchlinski FE, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E. Use of a novel fragmentation map to identify the substrate for ventricular tachycardia in postinfarction cardiomyopathy. Heart Rhythm. 2015 Jan; 12(1):95-103. PMID: 25285645.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Kawamura M, Gerstenfeld E, Vedantham V, Rodrigues DM, Burkhardt JD, Kobayashi Y, Hsia HH, Marcus GM, Marchlinski FE, Scheinman MM, Badhwar N. Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia originating from the cardiac crux or inferior septum: epicardial idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2014 Dec; 7(6):1152-8. PMID: 25225238.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Tanaka Y, Genet M, Chuan Lee L, Martin AJ, Sievers R, Gerstenfeld E. Utility of high-resolution electroanatomic mapping of the left ventricle using a multispline basket catheter in a swine model of chronic myocardial infarction. Heart Rhythm. 2015 Jan; 12(1):144-54. PMID: 25173890.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Nazer B, Gerstenfeld E. Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with post-infarction cardiomyopathy. Korean Circ J. 2014 Jul; 44(4):210-7. PMID: 25089131; PMCID: PMC4117840.
    26. Singh DK, Viswanathan MN, Tanel RE, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Han F, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Pellegrini C, Kawamura M, Gerstenfeld E, Badhwar N, Scheinman M. His overdrive pacing during supraventricular tachycardia: a novel maneuver for distinguishing atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Aug; 11(8):1327-35. PMID: 24793458.
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    27. Hoffmayer KS, Dewland TA, Hsia HH, Badhwar N, Hsu JC, Tseng ZH, Marcus GM, Scheinman MM, Gerstenfeld E. Safety of radiofrequency catheter ablation without coronary angiography in aortic cusp ventricular arrhythmias. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Jul; 11(7):1117-21. PMID: 24732373.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Riuró H, Campuzano O, Berne P, Arbelo E, Iglesias A, Pérez-Serra A, Coll-Vidal M, Partemi S, Mademont-Soler I, Picó F, Allegue C, Oliva A, Gerstenfeld E, Sarquella-Brugada G, Castro-Urda V, Fernández-Lozano I, Mont L, Brugada J, Scornik FS, Brugada R. Genetic analysis, in silico prediction, and family segregation in long QT syndrome. Eur J Hum Genet. 2015 Jan; 23(1):79-85. PMID: 24667783; PMCID: PMC4266740.
    29. Stepanyan G, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Vedantham V, Olgin J, Scheinman M, Gerstenfeld E. Safety of new oral anticoagulants for patients undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2014 Jun; 40(1):33-8. PMID: 24643666.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Gerstenfeld E, Scheinman MM. Coupling interval dispersion and body mass index are independent predictors of idiopathic premature ventricular complex-induced cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2014 Jul; 25(7):756-62. PMID: 24612052.
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    31. Gerstenfeld E. Contact force-sensing catheters: evolution or revolution in catheter ablation technology? Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2014 Feb; 7(1):5-6. PMID: 24550405.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Nazer B, Gerstenfeld E, Hata A, Crum LA, Matula TJ. Cardiovascular applications of therapeutic ultrasound. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2014 Apr; 39(3):287-94. PMID: 24297498.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Stepanyan G, Gerstenfeld E. Atrial fibrillation ablation in octogenarians: where do we stand? Curr Cardiol Rep. 2013 Oct; 15(10):406. PMID: 24026710.
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    34. Mountantonakis SE, Gerstenfeld E. Reply: The challenge of voltage channels. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jan 7-14; 63(1):90-1. PMID: 24076494.
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    35. Gerstenfeld E, Everett TH. Internal atrial defibrillation revisited: how low can we go? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jan 7-14; 63(1):49-51. PMID: 24076285.
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    36. Hsu JC, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld E, Lee RJ, Mandyam MC, Dewland TA, Imburgia KE, Hoffmayer KS, Vedantham V, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Randomized trial of conventional transseptal needle versus radiofrequency energy needle puncture for left atrial access (the TRAVERSE-LA study). J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Sep 17; 2(5):e000428. PMID: 24045120; PMCID: PMC3835257.
    37. Ermakov S, Hoffmayer KS, Gerstenfeld E, Scheinman MM. Combination drug therapy for patients with intractable ventricular tachycardia associated with right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2014 Jan; 37(1):90-4. PMID: 24102153.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Scheinman M, Gerstenfeld E. Mapping of complex atrial tachycardia circuits by 3-dimensional body surface mapping: the first step in the dawn of a new era. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Sep 03; 62(10):898-9. PMID: 23727089.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Kapa S, Epstein AE, Callans DJ, Garcia FC, Lin D, Bala R, Riley MP, Hutchinson MD, Gerstenfeld E, Tzou W, Marchlinski FE, Frankel DS, Cooper JM, Supple G, Deo R, Verdino RJ, Patel VV, Dixit S. Assessing arrhythmia burden after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation using an implantable loop recorder: the ABACUS study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2013 Aug; 24(8):875-81. PMID: 23577826.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Dukkipati SR, Kuck KH, Neuzil P, Woollett I, Kautzner J, McElderry HT, Schmidt B, Gerstenfeld E, Doshi SK, Horton R, Metzner A, d'Avila A, Ruskin JN, Natale A, Reddy VY. Pulmonary vein isolation using a visually guided laser balloon catheter: the first 200-patient multicenter clinical experience. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2013 Jun; 6(3):467-72. PMID: 23559674.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Hoffmayer KS, Gerstenfeld E. Diagnosis and management of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2013 Apr; 38(4):131-58. PMID: 23497740.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Mountantonakis SE, Park RE, Frankel DS, Hutchinson MD, Dixit S, Cooper J, Callans D, Marchlinski FE, Gerstenfeld E. Relationship between voltage map "channels" and the location of critical isthmus sites in patients with post-infarction cardiomyopathy and ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 May 21; 61(20):2088-95. PMID: 23524215.
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    43. Leong-Sit P, Robinson M, Zado ES, Callans DJ, Garcia F, Lin D, Dixit S, Bala R, Riley MP, Hutchinson MD, Cooper J, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE. Inducibility of atrial fibrillation and flutter following pulmonary vein ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2013 Jun; 24(6):617-23. PMID: 23387879.
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    44. Frankel DS, Tschabrunn CM, Cooper JM, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Riley MP, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Apical ventricular tachycardia morphology in left ventricular nonischemic cardiomyopathy predicts poor transplant-free survival. Heart Rhythm. 2013 May; 10(5):621-6. PMID: 23276817.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Hoffmayer KS, Bhave PD, Marcus GM, James CA, Tichnell C, Chopra N, Moxey L, Krahn AD, Dixit S, Stevenson W, Calkins H, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld E, Scheinman MM. An electrocardiographic scoring system for distinguishing right ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy from idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Apr; 10(4):477-82. PMID: 23246596.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Hutchinson MD, Garcia FC, Mandel JE, Elkassabany N, Zado ES, Riley MP, Cooper JM, Bala R, Frankel DS, Lin D, Supple GE, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Efforts to enhance catheter stability improve atrial fibrillation ablation outcome. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Mar; 10(3):347-53. PMID: 23128019.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Gerstenfeld E. Recurrent ventricular tachycardia after catheter ablation in post-infarct cardiomyopathy: "failure" of ablation or progression of the substrate? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jan 08; 61(1):74-6. PMID: 23122794.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Campos B, Jauregui ME, Park KM, Mountantonakis SE, Gerstenfeld E, Haqqani H, Garcia FC, Hutchinson MD, Callans DJ, Dixit S, Lin D, Riley MP, Tzou W, Cooper JM, Bala R, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE. New unipolar electrogram criteria to identify irreversibility of nonischemic left ventricular cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 20; 60(21):2194-204. PMID: 23103045.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Tschabrunn CM, Haqqani HM, Cooper JM, Dixit S, Garcia FC, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE. Percutaneous epicardial ventricular tachycardia ablation after noncoronary cardiac surgery or pericarditis. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Feb; 10(2):165-9. PMID: 23059131.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Moss JD, Gerstenfeld E, Deo R, Hutchinson MD, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE, Dixit S. ECG criteria for accurate localization of left anterolateral and posterolateral accessory pathways. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012 Dec; 35(12):1444-50. PMID: 23035773.
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    51. Betensky BP, Jauregui M, Campos B, Michele J, Marchlinski FE, Oley L, Wylie B, Robinson D, Gerstenfeld E. Use of a novel endoscopic catheter for direct visualization and ablation in an ovine model of chronic myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2012 Oct 23; 126(17):2065-72. PMID: 23008440.
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    52. Mathew J, Katz R, St John Sutton M, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Ghio S, Gold MR, Linde C, Shlipak MG, Deo R. Chronic kidney disease and cardiac remodelling in patients with mild heart failure: results from the REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling in Systolic Left vEntricular Dysfunction (REVERSE) study. Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Dec; 14(12):1420-8. PMID: 22956574; PMCID: PMC3506959.
    53. Deyell MW, Park KM, Han Y, Frankel DS, Dixit S, Cooper JM, Hutchinson MD, Lin D, Garcia F, Bala R, Riley MP, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Predictors of recovery of left ventricular dysfunction after ablation of frequent ventricular premature depolarizations. Heart Rhythm. 2012 Sep; 9(9):1465-72. PMID: 22640894.
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    54. Anastasio N, Frankel DS, Deyell MW, Zado E, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Cooper J, Lin D, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ. Nearly uniform failure of atrial flutter ablation and continuation of antiarrhythmic agents (hybrid therapy) for the long-term control of atrial fibrillation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2012 Oct; 35(1):57-61. PMID: 22552760.
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    55. Jauregui-Abularach ME, Campos B, Betensky BP, Michele J, Gerstenfeld E. Comparison of epicardial cryoablation and irrigated radiofrequency ablation in a Swine infarct model. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012 Sep; 23(9):1016-23. PMID: 22554000.
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    56. Frankel DS, Mountantonakis SE, Zado ES, Anter E, Bala R, Cooper JM, Deo R, Dixit S, Epstein AE, Garcia FC, Gerstenfeld E, Hutchinson MD, Lin D, Patel VV, Riley MP, Robinson MR, Tzou WS, Verdino RJ, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Noninvasive programmed ventricular stimulation early after ventricular tachycardia ablation to predict risk of late recurrence. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Apr 24; 59(17):1529-35. PMID: 22516442.
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    57. Mandyam MC, Vedantham V, Scheinman MM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Gerstenfeld E, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Alcohol and vagal tone as triggers for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 01; 110(3):364-8. PMID: 22521307; PMCID: PMC3398200.
    58. Lin D, Frankel DS, Zado ES, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Riley M, Hutchinson M, Garcia F, Bala R, Verdino R, Cooper J, Marchlinski FE. Pulmonary vein antral isolation and nonpulmonary vein trigger ablation without additional substrate modification for treating longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012 Aug; 23(8):806-13. PMID: 22509772.
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    59. Frankel DS, Lin D, Anastasio N, Mountantonakis SE, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Hutchinson MD, Riley MP, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ. Frequent additional tachyarrhythmias in patients with inappropriate sinus tachycardia undergoing sinus node modification: an important cause of symptom recurrence. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012 Aug; 23(8):835-9. PMID: 22471900.
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    60. Jauregui Abularach ME, Campos B, Park KM, Tschabrunn CM, Frankel DS, Park RE, Gerstenfeld E, Mountantonakis SE, Mountantonakis S, Garcia FC, Dixit S, Tzou WS, Hutchinson MD, Lin D, Riley MP, Cooper JM, Bala R, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Ablation of ventricular arrhythmias arising near the anterior epicardial veins from the left sinus of Valsalva region: ECG features, anatomic distance, and outcome. Heart Rhythm. 2012 Jun; 9(6):865-73. PMID: 22306618.
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    61. Gerstenfeld E. Have lasers finally found their niche in interventional cardiology? Heart. 2012 Apr; 98(7):525-6. PMID: 22155703.
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    62. Dixit S, Marchlinski FE, Lin D, Callans DJ, Bala R, Riley MP, Garcia FC, Hutchinson MD, Ratcliffe SJ, Cooper JM, Verdino RJ, Patel VV, Zado ES, Cash NR, Killian T, Tomson TT, Gerstenfeld E. Randomized ablation strategies for the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation: RASTA study. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2012 Apr; 5(2):287-94. PMID: 22139886.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Gerstenfeld E. New technologies for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2011 Oct; 13(5):393-401. PMID: 21789501.
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    64. Saghy L, Callans DJ, Garcia F, Lin D, Marchlinski FE, Riley M, Dixit S, Tzou WS, Haqqani HM, Pap R, Kim S, Gerstenfeld E. Is there a relationship between complex fractionated atrial electrograms recorded during atrial fibrillation and sinus rhythm fractionation? Heart Rhythm. 2012 Feb; 9(2):181-8. PMID: 21946341.
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    65. Bala R, Ren JF, Hutchinson MD, Desjardins B, Tschabrunn C, Gerstenfeld E, Deo R, Dixit S, Garcia FC, Cooper J, Lin D, Riley MP, Tzou WS, Verdino R, Epstein AE, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Assessing epicardial substrate using intracardiac echocardiography during VT ablation. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Oct; 4(5):667-73. PMID: 21880675; PMCID: PMC3220997.
    66. Tzou WS, Zado ES, Lin D, Callans DJ, Dixit S, Cooper JM, Bala R, Garcia F, Hutchinson MD, Riley MP, Deo R, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE. Sinus rhythm ECG criteria associated with basal-lateral ventricular tachycardia substrate in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2011 Dec; 22(12):1351-8. PMID: 21736660.
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    67. Anter E, Hutchinson MD, Deo R, Haqqani HM, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Garcia FC, Bala R, Lin D, Riley MP, Litt HI, Woo JY, Acker MA, Szeto WY, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE, Dixit S. Surgical ablation of refractory ventricular tachycardia in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Aug; 4(4):494-500. PMID: 21673018.
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    68. Betensky BP, Park RE, Marchlinski FE, Hutchinson MD, Garcia FC, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Cooper JM, Bala R, Lin D, Riley MP, Gerstenfeld E. The V(2) transition ratio: a new electrocardiographic criterion for distinguishing left from right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia origin. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 May 31; 57(22):2255-62. PMID: 21616286.
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    69. Mountantonakis SE, Frankel DS, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Lin D, Hutchinson MD, Riley M, Bala R, Cooper J, Callans D, Garcia F, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE. Reversal of outflow tract ventricular premature depolarization-induced cardiomyopathy with ablation: effect of residual arrhythmia burden and preexisting cardiomyopathy on outcome. Heart Rhythm. 2011 Oct; 8(10):1608-14. PMID: 21699837.
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    70. Gerstenfeld E, Lavi N, Bazan V, Gojraty S, Kim SJ, Michele J. Mechanism of complex fractionated electrograms recorded during atrial fibrillation in a canine model. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011 Jul; 34(7):844-57. PMID: 21418250.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Haqqani HM, Tschabrunn CM, Tzou WS, Dixit S, Cooper JM, Riley MP, Lin D, Hutchinson MD, Garcia FC, Bala R, Verdino RJ, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE. Isolated septal substrate for ventricular tachycardia in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy: incidence, characterization, and implications. Heart Rhythm. 2011 Aug; 8(8):1169-76. PMID: 21392586.
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    87. Sauer WH, Zado E, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ. Incidence and predictors of mortality following ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Heart Rhythm. 2010 Jan; 7(1):9-14. PMID: 19939743.
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    90. Tzou WS, Gerstenfeld E. Genetic testing in the management of inherited arrhythmia syndromes. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2009 Sep; 11(5):343-51. PMID: 19709494.
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    92. Bazan V, Martí-Almor J, Perez-Rodon J, Bruguera J, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Incremental pacing for the diagnosis of complete cavotricuspid isthmus block during radiofrequency ablation of atrial flutter. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Jan; 21(1):33-9. PMID: 19656252.
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    93. Rivas N, Dhruvakumar S, Mainigi SK, Smith T, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE. Ventricular premature depolarizations triggered by incremental dose isoproterenol infusion: common electrocardiographic features. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2009 Jun; 25(1):43-51. PMID: 19148731.
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    94. Roux JF, Gojraty S, Bala R, Liu CF, Dixit S, Hutchinson MD, Garcia F, Lin D, Callans DJ, Riley M, Marchlinski F, Gerstenfeld E. Effect of pulmonary vein isolation on the distribution of complex fractionated electrograms in humans. Heart Rhythm. 2009 Feb; 6(2):156-60. PMID: 19187903.
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    96. Fan R, Cano O, Ho SY, Bala R, Callans DJ, Dixit S, Garcia F, Gerstenfeld E, Hutchinson M, Lin D, Riley M, Marchlinski FE. Characterization of the phrenic nerve course within the epicardial substrate of patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy and ventricular tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2009 Jan; 6(1):59-64. PMID: 19121801.
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    100. Gerstenfeld E. Functional block in the posterior left atrium another piece in the puzzle of atrial fibrillation initiation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Feb 26; 51(8):863-4. PMID: 18294573.
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    102. Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Ratcliffe SJ, Cooper JM, Russo AM, Kimmel SE, Callans DJ, Lin D, Verdino RJ, Patel VV, Zado E, Marchlinski FE. Single procedure efficacy of isolating all versus arrhythmogenic pulmonary veins on long-term control of atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized study. Heart Rhythm. 2008 Feb; 5(2):174-81. PMID: 18242535.
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    106. Dhruvakumar S, Gerstenfeld E. Complications associated with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2007 Jun; 55(3):353-68. PMID: 17534254.
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    108. Ilkhanoff L, Gerstenfeld E, Zado ES, Marchlinski FE. Changes in ventricular dimensions and function during recovery of atrial tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy treated with catheter ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Sep; 18(10):1104-6. PMID: 17584487.
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    109. Chinitz JS, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ. Atrial fibrillation is common after ablation of isolated atrial flutter during long-term follow-up. Heart Rhythm. 2007 Aug; 4(8):1029-33. PMID: 17675077.
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    110. Gerstenfeld E. Persistent pulmonary vein isolation: the elusive goal of atrial fibrillation ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Apr; 18(4):399-401. PMID: 17394454.
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    115. Gentlesk PJ, Sauer WH, Gerstenfeld E, Lin D, Dixit S, Zado E, Callans D, Marchlinski FE. Reversal of left ventricular dysfunction following ablation of atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Jan; 18(1):9-14. PMID: 17081210.
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    116. Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Cooper JM, Lin D, Russo AM, Verdino RJ, Patel VV, Kimmel SE, Ratcliffe SJ, Hsia HH, Nayak HM, Zado E, Ren JF, Marchlinski FE. Comparison of cool tip versus 8-mm tip catheter in achieving electrical isolation of pulmonary veins for long-term control of atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized pilot study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006 Oct; 17(10):1074-9. PMID: 16879626.
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    120. Sauer WH, McKernan ML, Lin D, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Clinical predictors and outcomes associated with acute return of pulmonary vein conduction during pulmonary vein isolation for treatment of atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2006 Sep; 3(9):1024-8. PMID: 16945795.
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    121. Lazar S, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Lin D, Marchlinski FE, Gerstenfeld E. Effect of pulmonary vein isolation on the left-to-right atrial dominant frequency gradient in human atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2006 Aug; 3(8):889-95. PMID: 16876735.
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    122. Rami TG, Bala R, Gerstenfeld E. Supraventricular arrhythmias limit effective cardiac resynchronization therapy: diagnosis using intracardiac electrograms and device based pacing maneuvers. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2006 Mar; 15(2):119-23. PMID: 16755341.
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    123. Dixit S, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Marchlinski FE. Reentrant and nonreentrant forms of atrio-ventricular nodal tachycardia mimicking atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006 Mar; 17(3):312-6. PMID: 16643407.
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    125. Testani JM, Kolansky DM, Litt H, Gerstenfeld E. Focal myocarditis mimicking acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: diagnosis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Tex Heart Inst J. 2006; 33(2):256-9. PMID: 16878641; PMCID: PMC1524714.
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    127. Gerstenfeld E. Does rhythm control improve functional status in patients with atrial fibrillation? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Nov 15; 46(10):1900-1. PMID: 16286178.
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    128. Lin D, Hsia HH, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Nayak H, Russo A, Marchlinski FE. Idiopathic fascicular left ventricular tachycardia: linear ablation lesion strategy for noninducible or nonsustained tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2005 Sep; 2(9):934-9. PMID: 16171747.
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    131. Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Lin D, Callans DJ, Hsia HH, Nayak HM, Zado E, Marchlinski FE. Identification of distinct electrocardiographic patterns from the basal left ventricle: distinguishing medial and lateral sites of origin in patients with idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2005 May; 2(5):485-91. PMID: 15840472.
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    132. Ren JF, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Lin D, Nayak HM, Hsia HH. Increased intensity of anticoagulation may reduce risk of thrombus during atrial fibrillation ablation procedures in patients with spontaneous echo contrast. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2005 May; 16(5):474-7. PMID: 15877616.
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    133. Russo AM, Sauer W, Gerstenfeld E, Hsia HH, Lin D, Cooper JM, Dixit S, Verdino RJ, Nayak HM, Callans DJ, Patel V, Marchlinski FE. Defibrillation threshold testing: is it really necessary at the time of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator insertion? Heart Rhythm. 2005 May; 2(5):456-61. PMID: 15840466.
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    134. Gerstenfeld E. Defibrillation threshold testing: is one shock enough? Heart Rhythm. 2005 Feb; 2(2):123-4. PMID: 15851282.
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    135. Rajawat YS, Patel VV, Gerstenfeld E, Nayak H, Marchlinski FE. Advantages and pitfalls of combining device-based and pharmacologic therapies for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias: observations from a tertiary referral center. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Dec; 27(12):1670-81. PMID: 15613132.
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    136. Lazar S, Dixit S, Marchlinski FE, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E. Presence of left-to-right atrial frequency gradient in paroxysmal but not persistent atrial fibrillation in humans. Circulation. 2004 Nov 16; 110(20):3181-6. PMID: 15533867.
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    137. Patel VV, Rho RW, Gerstenfeld E, Hsia HH, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Right bundle-branch block ventricular tachycardias: septal versus lateral ventricular origin based on activation time to the right ventricular apex. Circulation. 2004 Oct 26; 110(17):2582-7. PMID: 15492311.
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    138. Marchlinski FE, Zado E, Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Hsia H, Lin D, Nayak H, Russo A, Pulliam W. Electroanatomic substrate and outcome of catheter ablative therapy for ventricular tachycardia in setting of right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2004 Oct 19; 110(16):2293-8. PMID: 15477406.
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    139. Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Dixit S, Russo AM, Nayak H, Lin D, Pulliam W, Siddique S, Marchlinski FE. Mechanisms of organized left atrial tachycardias occurring after pulmonary vein isolation. Circulation. 2004 Sep 14; 110(11):1351-7. PMID: 15353501.
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    140. Dixit S, Ren JF, Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Zado E, Vanderhoff ME, Marchlinski FE. Favorable effect of pulmonic vein isolation by partial circumferential ablation on ostial flow velocity. Heart Rhythm. 2004 Sep; 1(3):262-7. PMID: 15851167.
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    141. Callans DJ, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Zado E, Vanderhoff M, Ren JF, Marchlinski FE. Efficacy of repeat pulmonary vein isolation procedures in patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004 Sep; 15(9):1050-5. PMID: 15363079.
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    142. Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Mechanisms underlying sustained firing from pulmonary veins: evidence from pacing maneuvers and pharmacological manipulation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Aug; 27(8):1120-9. PMID: 15305962.
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    143. Siddique SM, Gerstenfeld E. Supraventricular tachycardia observed upon termination of atrial flutter: what is the mechanism? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004 Jul; 15(7):834-6. PMID: 15250874.
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    144. Beldner S, Gerstenfeld E, Lin D, Marchlinski F. Ablation of atrial fibrillation: localizing triggers, mapping systems and ablation techniques. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2004 Apr; 52(2):95-109. PMID: 15194992.
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    145. Rajawat YS, Gerstenfeld E, Patel VV, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. ECG criteria for localizing the pulmonary vein origin of spontaneous atrial premature complexes: validation using intracardiac recordings. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Feb; 27(2):182-8. PMID: 14764168.
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    146. Russo AM, Nayak H, Verdino R, Springman J, Gerstenfeld E, Hsia H, Marchlinski FE. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator events in patients with asymptomatic nonsustained ventricular tachycardia: is device implantation justified? Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2003 Dec; 26(12):2289-95. PMID: 14675014.
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    148. Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Callans DJ, Rajawat Y, Rho R, Marchlinski FE. Quantitative comparison of spontaneous and paced 12-lead electrocardiogram during right ventricular outflow tract ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Jun 04; 41(11):2046-53. PMID: 12798580.
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    149. Dixit S, Gerstenfeld E, Rho RW, Patel V, Callans DJ, Marchlinski FE. Change in distant atrial activation patterns during circumferential pacemapping of pulmonic vein ostium: implications for localizing triggers for atrial fibrillation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2003 Jun; 8(3):187-94. PMID: 12815304.
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    152. Rho RW, Patel VV, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Poku JW, Ross HM, Callans D, Kocovic DZ. Elevations in ventricular pacing threshold with the use of the Y adaptor: implications for biventricular pacing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2003 Mar; 26(3):747-51. PMID: 12698677.
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    155. Rajawat YS, Dias D, Gerstenfeld E, Dixit S, Shah B, Russo AM, Marchlinski FE. Interactions of antiarrhythmic drugs and implantable devices in controlling ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2002 Sep; 4(5):434-40. PMID: 12169241.
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    156. Nakai T, Lesh MD, Gerstenfeld E, Virmani R, Jones R, Lee RJ. Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (PLAATO) for preventing cardioembolism: first experience in canine model. Circulation. 2002 May 07; 105(18):2217-22. PMID: 11994258.
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