Jeannie Bailey, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address513 Parnassus Ave, MSB
San Francisco CA 94117
Phone415-502-4945
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    UC Berkeley BS2004-2008
    University of WashingtonPhD2011-2016
    UCSFPostdoc2016-2019
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Orthopaedic Research Society Spine Section2019Early Investigator Award
    International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine2019ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering
    U.S. Bone and Joint Initiative2019Young Investigator Initiative Grant Mentoring Program
    The Spine Journal and the North American Spine Society2017Outstanding Paper Award
    NASA Human Research Program 2018First place presentation
    Clinical and Translational Science Institute, UCSF2017TL1 Precision Health Fellowship Program
    2015University of Washington Retirement Association Fellowship in Aging Research
    University of Washington2014Brett E. Baldwin Fellowship
    2013NSF Graduate Research Fellowship, Honorable Mention
    UC Berkeley2004Cal Alumni Leadership Scholar

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Jeannie Bailey, PhD, has over a decade of interdisciplinary research experience in orthopaedic health outcomes focused on lumbar spinal conditions and low back pain. Dr. Bailey received her bachelorís degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and her masterís and doctorate degrees from the University of Washington. She performed post-doctorate research at UCSF in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Her research explores novel methods for identifying clinical-relevant biomechanical phenotypes and exploring potential interactive mechanisms between separate musculoskeletal pain phenotypes. As part of the Musculoskeletal Research Consortium (METRiCS), she is actively developing, testing, and deploying precision-based digital health technology to enhance both clinician and patient engagement in treatment and recovery. She is jointly appointed within the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation as a novel therapeutic for chronic low back pain
    UCSF Center for Disruptive Musculoskeletal Innovations (NSF/IUCRC) Nov 1, 2021 - Oct 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The effect of paraspinal muscle health on post-operative dynamic sagittal balance outcomes for adult spinal deformity patients
    UCSF Center for Disruptive Musculoskeletal Innovations (NSF/IUCRC) Nov 1, 2020 - Oct 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Assessing biomechanical function and hip stabilizing muscle quality associated with transfemoral osseointegration
    DOD W81XWH-19-OPORP-CRAJul 1, 2020 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The mechanistic pathophysiology associated with paraspinal muscular degeneration and chronic low back pain
    UCSF CCMBM (NIH P30) Jul 1, 2020 - Dec 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Core Center for Patient-centric Mechanistic Phenotyping in Chronic Low Back Pain (UCSF REACH Pathophys Core)
    NIH NIAMS U19 AR076737Sep 30, 2019 - May 30, 2024
    Role: Director of Physical Function and Biomechanics Core

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Effects of a Digital Musculoskeletal Acute Care Program on Chronic Pain Prevention: An Observational Study with Nonparticipant Comparison Group. J Pain Res. 2022; 15:3605-3613. Hong M, Topete M, Yang M, Bailey JF. PMID: 36419539; PMCID: PMC9677887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Biomechanical Phenotyping of Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol for BACPAC. Pain Med. 2022 Oct 31. Adam Quirk D, Johnson ME, Anderson DE, Smuck M, Sun R, Matthew R, Bailey J, Marras WS, Bell KM, Darwin J, Bowden AE. PMID: 36315101.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Postoperative Outcomes of a Digital Rehabilitation Program After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Retrospective, Observational Feasibility Study. JMIR Form Res. 2022 Sep 19; 6(9):e40703. Hong M, Loeb J, Yang M, Bailey JF. PMID: 36121690; PMCID: PMC9531001.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Influence of patient-specific factors when comparing multifidus fat infiltration between chronic low back pain patients and asymptomatic controls. JOR Spine. 2022 Jul 14. Ballatori BA, Shahrestani SS, Nyayapati NP, Agarwal AV, Krug KR, Han HM, Fields FA, O'Neill OC, Demir-Deviren DS, Lotz LJ, Bailey BJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    5. Point-of-care motion capture and biomechanical assessment improve clinical utility of dynamic balance testing for lower extremity osteoarthritis. PLOS Digital Health. 2022 Jul 7; 1(7):e0000068. Halvorson HR, Castillo CF, Ahamed AF, Khattab KK, Scheffler SA, Matthew MR, Lotz LJ, Vail VT, Feeley FB, Bailey BJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    6. Spatial distribution of fat infiltration within the paraspinal muscles: implications for chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2022 Jul 01. Khattab K, Dziesinski LK, Crawford R, Ballatori A, Nyayapati P, Krug R, Fields A, O'Neill CW, Lotz JC, Bailey JF. PMID: 35776179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Clinical Outcomes After a Digital Musculoskeletal Program for Acute and Subacute Pain: Observational, Longitudinal Study With Comparison Group. JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol. 2022 Jun 27; 9(2):e38214. Wang G, Yang M, Hong M, Krauss J, Bailey JF. PMID: 35759317; PMCID: PMC9274396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Compensatory biomechanics and spinal loading during dynamic maneuvers in patients with chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2022 07; 31(7):1889-1896. Nyayapati P, Booker J, Wu PI, Theologis A, Dziesinski L, O'Neill C, Zheng P, Lotz JC, Matthew RP, Bailey JF. PMID: 35604457; PMCID: PMC9252943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Unsupervised Machine Learning on Motion Capture Data Uncovers Movement Strategies in Low Back Pain. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022; 10:868684. Keller AV, Torres-Espin A, Peterson TA, Booker J, O'Neill C, Lotz JC, Bailey JF, Ferguson AR, Matthew RP. PMID: 35497350; PMCID: PMC9047543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. Using hierarchical unsupervised learning to integrate and reduce multi-level and multi-paraspinal muscle MRI data in relation to low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2022 08; 31(8):2046-2056. Torres-Espin A, Keller A, Johnson GTA, Fields AJ, Krug R, Ferguson AR, Hargens AR, O'Neill CW, Lotz JC, Bailey JF. PMID: 35333958; PMCID: PMC9338899.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    11. Paraspinal Muscle in Chronic Low Back Pain: Comparison Between Standard Parameters and Chemical Shift Encoding-Based Water-Fat MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2022 Nov; 56(5):1600-1608. Sollmann N, Bonnheim NB, Joseph GB, Chachad R, Zhou J, Akkaya Z, Pirmoazen AM, Bailey JF, Guo X, Lazar AA, Link TM, Fields AJ, Krug R. PMID: 35285561; PMCID: PMC9470775.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    12. Clinical outcomes one year after a digital musculoskeletal (MSK) program: an observational, longitudinal study with nonparticipant comparison group. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2022 Mar 11; 23(1):237. Wang G, Yang M, Hong M, Krauss J, Bailey JF. PMID: 35277161; PMCID: PMC8914456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Automated assessment and classification of spine, hip, and knee pathologies from sit-to-stand movements collected in clinical practice. J Biomech. 2021 11 09; 128:110786. Girase H, Nyayapati P, Booker J, Lotz JC, Bailey JF, Matthew RP. PMID: 34656825.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Paraspinal muscle imaging measurements for common spinal disorders: review and consensus-based recommendations from the ISSLS degenerative spinal phenotypes group. Eur Spine J. 2021 12; 30(12):3428-3441. Hodges PW, Bailey JF, Fortin M, Battié MC. PMID: 34542672.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    15. Older Adult Use and Outcomes in a Digital Musculoskeletal (MSK) Program, by Generation. Front Digit Health. 2021; 3:693170. Wang G, Bailey JF, Yang M, Krauss J. PMID: 34713170; PMCID: PMC8521841.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    16. Biomechanical changes in the lumbar spine following spaceflight and factors associated with postspaceflight disc herniation. Spine J. 2022 02; 22(2):197-206. Bailey JF, Nyayapati P, Johnson GTA, Dziesinski L, Scheffler AW, Crawford R, Scheuring R, O'Neill CW, Chang D, Hargens AR, Lotz JC. PMID: 34343665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Paraspinal muscle degeneration and regenerative potential in a Murine model of Lumbar Disc Injury. N Am Spine Soc J. 2021 Jun; 6:100061. Davies MR, Kaur G, Liu X, Alvarado FG, Nuthalapati P, Liu M, Diaz A, Lotz JC, Bailey JF, Feeley BT. PMID: 35141626; PMCID: PMC8820077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    18. Measurement of vertebral endplate bone marrow lesion (Modic change) composition with water-fat MRI and relationship to patient-reported outcome measures. Eur Spine J. 2021 09; 30(9):2549-2556. Fields AJ, Ballatori A, Han M, Bailey JF, McCormick ZL, O'Neill CW, Demir-Deviren S, Krug R, Lotz JC. PMID: 33547944; PMCID: PMC8697722.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Digital Care for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: 10,000 Participant Longitudinal Cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2020 05 11; 22(5):e18250. Bailey JF, Agarwal V, Zheng P, Smuck M, Fredericson M, Kennedy DJ, Krauss J. PMID: 32208358; PMCID: PMC7248800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Intervertebral disc herniation effects on multifidus muscle composition and resident stem cell populations. JOR Spine. 2020 Jun; 3(2):e1091. Agha O, Mueller-Immergluck A, Liu M, Zhang H, Theologis AA, Clark A, Kim HT, Liu X, Feeley BT, Bailey JF. PMID: 32613166; PMCID: PMC7323461.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    21. The Effect of Parity on Age-Related Degenerative Changes in Sagittal Balance. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Feb 15; 45(4):E210-E216. Bailey JF, Sparrey CJ, Williams FMK, Curran PF, Lotz JC, Kramer PA. PMID: 31513113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Associations between vertebral body fat fraction and intervertebral disc biochemical composition as assessed by quantitative MRI. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 2019 Oct 1; 50(4):spcone-spcone. Krug KR, Joseph JG, Han HM, Fields FA, Cheung CJ, Mundada MM, Bailey BJ, Rochette RA, Ballatori BA, McCulloch MC, McCormick MZ, O'Neill OC, Link LT, Lotz LJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    23. Development of Pelvic Incidence and Lumbar Lordosis in Children and Adolescents. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2019 12; 302(12):2132-2139. Bailey JF, Shefi S, Soudack M, Kramer PA, Been E. PMID: 31241249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. The Relationship Between Endplate Pathology and Patient-reported Symptoms for Chronic Low Back Pain Depends on Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Quality. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jul 15; 44(14):1010-1017. Bailey JF, Fields AJ, Ballatori A, Cohen D, Jain D, Coughlin D, O'Neill C, McCormick Z, Han M, Krug R, Demir-Deviren S, Lotz JC. PMID: 30896590; PMCID: PMC6597281.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Simple Spline Representation for Identifying Sit-to-Stand Strategies. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2019 Jul; 2019:4097-4103. Matthew RP, Seko S, Bailey J, Bajcsy R, Lotz J. PMID: 31946772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. ISSLS PRIZE IN BIOENGINEERING SCIENCE 2019: biomechanical changes in dynamic sagittal balance and lower limb compensatory strategies following realignment surgery in adult spinal deformity patients. Eur Spine J. 2019 05; 28(5):905-913. Bailey JF, Matthew RP, Seko S, Curran P, Chu L, Berven SH, Deviren V, Burch S, Lotz JC. PMID: 30826876; PMCID: PMC6536471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Estimating Sit-to-Stand Dynamics Using a Single Depth Camera. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2019 11; 23(6):2592-2602. Matthew RP, Seko S, Bailey J, Bajcsy R, Lotz J. PMID: 30716057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Associations between vertebral body fat fraction and intervertebral disc biochemical composition as assessed by quantitative MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 10; 50(4):1219-1226. Krug R, Joseph GB, Han M, Fields A, Cheung J, Mundada M, Bailey J, Rochette A, Ballatori A, McCulloch CE, McCormick Z, O'Neill C, Link TM, Lotz J. PMID: 30701594; PMCID: PMC6667309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Randomized controlled trial of a 12-week digital care program in improving low back pain. NPJ Digit Med. 2019; 2:1. Shebib R, Bailey JF, Smittenaar P, Perez DA, Mecklenburg G, Hunter S. PMID: 31304351; PMCID: PMC6550254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32  
    30. The Association Between Spinal Posture and Spinal Biomechanics in Modern Humans: Implications for Extinct Hominins. Spinal Evolution. 2019 Jan 1; 283-299. Been BE, Bailey BJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    31. Tracking Kinematic and Kinetic Measures of Sit to Stand using an Instrumented Spine Orthosis. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2018 Jul; 2018:1-5. Matthew RP, Seko S, Bailey J, Bajcsy R, Lotz J. PMID: 30440257; PMCID: PMC6438185.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. From the International Space Station to the Clinic: How Prolonged Unloading May Disrupt Lumbar Stability. The Spine Journal. 2017 Oct 1; 17(10):s95-s96. Bailey BJ, Miller MS, Khieu KK, O'Neill OC, Healey HR, Couglin CD, Sayson SJ, Chang CD, Hargens HA, Lotz LJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    33. From the international space station to the clinic: how prolonged unloading may disrupt lumbar spine stability. Spine J. 2018 01; 18(1):7-14. Bailey JF, Miller SL, Khieu K, O'Neill CW, Healey RM, Coughlin DG, Sayson JV, Chang DG, Hargens AR, Lotz JC. PMID: 28962911; PMCID: PMC6339989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Lumbar Spine Paraspinal Muscle and Intervertebral Disc Height Changes in Astronauts After Long-Duration Spaceflight on the International Space Station. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Dec 15; 41(24):1917-1924. Chang DG, Healey RM, Snyder AJ, Sayson JV, Macias BR, Coughlin DG, Bailey JF, Parazynski SE, Lotz JC, Hargens AR. PMID: 27779600; PMCID: PMC5588025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Morphological and postural sexual dimorphism of the lumbar spine facilitates greater lordosis in females. J Anat. 2016 07; 229(1):82-91. Bailey JF, Sparrey CJ, Been E, Kramer PA. PMID: 26916466; PMCID: PMC5341592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Neural innervation patterns in the sacral vertebral body. Eur Spine J. 2016 06; 25(6):1932-8. Degmetich S, Bailey JF, Liebenberg E, Lotz JC. PMID: 26077098; PMCID: PMC4681698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Effect of microgravity on the biomechanical properties of lumbar and caudal intervertebral discs in mice. J Biomech. 2014 Sep 22; 47(12):2983-8. Bailey JF, Hargens AR, Cheng KK, Lotz JC. PMID: 25085756.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    38. Comparison of vertebral and intervertebral disc lesions in aging humans and rhesus monkeys. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2014 Jul; 22(7):980-5. Bailey JF, Fields AJ, Liebenberg E, Mattison JA, Lotz JC, Kramer PA. PMID: 24821664; PMCID: PMC4105267.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    39. Etiology of lumbar lordosis and its pathophysiology: a review of the evolution of lumbar lordosis, and the mechanics and biology of lumbar degeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May; 36(5):E1. Sparrey CJ, Bailey JF, Safaee M, Clark AJ, Lafage V, Schwab F, Smith JS, Ames CP. PMID: 24785474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Higher lumbar lordosis among women: a study examining lumbar angle and dorsoventral wedging of vertebral bodies and discs in standing and supine radiographs (919.16). The FASEB Journal. 2014 Apr 1; 28. Bailey BJ, Been BE, Kramer KP. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    41. Dietary and caloric restriction and age-related spinal osteoarthritis: a longitudinal study of primates (1025.7). The FASEB Journal. 2014 Apr 1; 28. Bailey BJ, Duncan DA, Colman CR, Mattison MJ, Kramer KP. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    42. Effects of Microgravity on the Creep Behavior of Murine Intervertebral Discs. The FASEB Journal. 2011 Apr 1; 25:668.1-668.1. Bailey BJ, Cheng CK, Hargens HA, Masuda MK, Lotz LJ. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    43. Innervation patterns of PGP 9.5-positive nerve fibers within the human lumbar vertebra. J Anat. 2011 Mar; 218(3):263-70. Bailey JF, Liebenberg E, Degmetich S, Lotz JC. PMID: 21223256; PMCID: PMC3058212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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