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Roland Krug, PhD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Radiology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address185 Berry Street
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-353-4945
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral StudiesGraduate Division
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging2019Cover image "Associations between vertebral body fat fraction and intervertebral disc "
    QUIMS2018Cover Image ""Trabecular Bone Microstructure is Impaired in the Proximal Femur of HIV-Infected Men"
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging2015Cover Image "Variable flip angle three-dimensional fast spin-echo sequence"
    Magnetic Resonance in Medicine2014Editor's Pick: "Bone marrow fat quantification in the presence of trabecular bone"
    Radiological Society of North America2012RSNA Trainee Research Prize for research project
    International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine2012Magna Cum Laude Merit Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Roland Krug, PhD, has been at UCSF since 2003. Dr. Krug’s research interests include applying novel Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy tools to advance diagnosis of several musculoskeletal conditions with the ultimate goal to improve the quality of life of patients. He has a strong focus on identifying mechanisms that are responsible for low back pain as well as using novel tools such as MR guided high intensity focused ultrasound to treat this condition.

    As a principal investigator, Dr. Krug has received substantial support from NIH including two R01 grants. Dr. Krug has more than 50 peer-reviewed articles published in the highest ranking journals in the field and serves as a reviewer for more than 15 scientific journals. He also teaches a class on MR pulse programming in the departmental master program.

    Expertise:
    Musculoskeletal Imaging

    Specialty:
    Advanced pulse sequence development for high field MR imaging, MR spectroscopy and MRgFUS temperature assessment.

    Professional Interests:
    MRI of spine. High-resolution MRI of trabecular and cortical bone, MR fat quantification based on Dixon techniques, image analysis techniques of trabecular bone microstructure. ultra-short-TE (UTE) MRI of cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments. High-intensity focused ultra-sound (HIFU) applications for bone ablation (temperature mapping of bone using UTE).

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Core Center for Patient-centric Mechanistic Phenotyping in Chronic Low Back Pain (UCSF REACH Pathophys Core)
    NIH/NIAMS U19 AR076737Sep 26, 2019 - Sep 25, 2024
    Role: Director of Pathophysiology Core
    Novel imaging of endplate biomarkers in chronic low back pain
    NIH/NIAMS UH2/UH3 AR076719Sep 26, 2019 - Sep 25, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Impact of Breast Cancer Treatment on Joint Health
    UCSF RAP Pilot Award In Precision Imaging of Cancer and Therapy RAPJul 1, 2019 - Jun 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Core Center for Musculoskeletal Biology and Medicine (CCMBM)
    NIH/NIAMS P30AR075055Jun 1, 2019 - May 31, 2024
    Role: Co-Director Imaging Core
    Safety and Effectiveness of Sacroiliac Joint Palliation using MRgFUS
    Focused Ultrasound Foundation FUS464R1Jul 1, 2017 - Sep 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bone quality and marrow adiposity in subjects with HIV
    NIH/NIAID R01AI125080Dec 15, 2016 - Nov 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    In Vivo Assessment of Trabecular Microstructure at the Proximal Femur
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR057336Sep 1, 2009 - Aug 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Evaluation of human cartilage endplate composition using MRI: spatial variation, association with adjacent disc degeneration, and in vivo repeatability. J Orthop Res. 2020 Jun 27. Wang L, Han M, Wong J, Zheng P, Lazar AA, Krug R, Fields AJ. PMID: 32592504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. MRI-Based Quantitative Osteoporosis Imaging at the Spine and Femur. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2020 Jun 25. Sollmann N, Löffler MT, Kronthaler S, Böhm C, Dieckmeyer M, Ruschke S, Kirschke JS, Carballido-Gamio J, Karampinos DC, Krug R, Baum T. PMID: 32584496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Serum Biomarkers for Connective Tissue and Basement Membrane Remodeling are Associated with Vertebral Endplate Bone Marrow Lesions as Seen on MRI (Modic Changes). Int J Mol Sci. 2020 May 27; 21(11). Dudli S, Ballatori A, Bay-Jensen AC, McCormick ZL, O'Neill CW, Demir-Deviren S, Krug R, Heggli I, Juengel A, Karppinen J, Brunner F, Farshad M, Distler O, Lotz JC, Fields AJ. PMID: 32471173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Factors associated with bone microstructural alterations assessed by HR-pQCT in long-term HIV-infected individuals. Bone. 2020 Apr; 133:115210. Foreman SC, Wu PH, Kuang R, John MD, Tien PC, Link TM, Krug R, Kazakia GJ. PMID: 31874226.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Effects of a 12-Month Supervised, Community-Based, Multimodal Exercise Program Followed by a 6-Month Research-to-Practice Transition on Bone Mineral Density, Trabecular Microarchitecture, and Physical Function in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2020 Mar; 35(3):419-429. Daly RM, Gianoudis J, Kersh ME, Bailey CA, Ebeling PR, Krug R, Nowson CA, Hill K, Sanders KM. PMID: 31498937.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    6. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Exhibit a More Mineralized Deep Cartilage Layer Compared with Nondiabetic Controls: A Pilot Study. Cartilage. 2019 Aug 27; 1947603519870853. Foreman SC, Ashmeik W, Baal JD, Han M, Bahroos E, von Schacky CE, Carl M, Krug R, Joseph GB, Link TM. PMID: 31455093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Measuring and reporting of vertebral endplate bone marrow lesions as seen on MRI (Modic changes): recommendations from the ISSLS Degenerative Spinal Phenotypes Group. Eur Spine J. 2019 10; 28(10):2266-2274. Fields AJ, Battié MC, Herzog RJ, Jarvik JG, Krug R, Link TM, Lotz JC, O'Neill CW, Sharma A. PMID: 31446492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    8. The Relationship Between Endplate Pathology and Patient-reported Symptoms for Chronic Low Back Pain Depends on Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Quality. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jul 15; 44(14):1010-1017. Bailey JF, Fields AJ, Ballatori A, Cohen D, Jain D, Coughlin D, O'Neill C, McCormick Z, Han M, Krug R, Demir-Deviren S, Lotz JC. PMID: 30896590.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Cortical bone vessel identification and quantification on contrast-enhanced MR images. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2019 Jun; 9(6):928-941. Wu PH, Gibbons M, Foreman SC, Carballido-Gamio J, Han M, Krug R, Liu J, Link TM, Kazakia GJ. PMID: 31367547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. Associations between vertebral body fat fraction and intervertebral disc biochemical composition as assessed by quantitative MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 10; 50(4):1219-1226. Krug R, Joseph GB, Han M, Fields A, Cheung J, Mundada M, Bailey J, Rochette A, Ballatori A, McCulloch CE, McCormick Z, O'Neill C, Link TM, Lotz J. PMID: 30701594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    11. Adaptation of the proximal humerus to physical activity: A within-subject controlled study in baseball players. Bone. 2019 04; 121:107-115. Warden SJ, Carballido-Gamio J, Avin KG, Kersh ME, Fuchs RK, Krug R, Bice RJ. PMID: 30634064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Cartilage Endplate Thickness Variation Measured by Ultrashort Echo-Time MRI Is Associated With Adjacent Disc Degeneration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 05 15; 43(10):E592-E600. Berg-Johansen B, Han M, Fields AJ, Liebenberg EC, Lim BJ, Larson PE, Gunduz-Demir C, Kazakia GJ, Krug R, Lotz JC. PMID: 28984733.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Quantification of 89 Zr-Iron oxide nanoparticle biodistribution using PET-MR and ultrashort TE sequences. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 12; 48(6):1717-1720. Jordan CD, Han M, Kondapavulur S, Vera DB, Neumann KD, Moore T, Stillson C, Krug R, Behr S, Seo Y, VanBrocklin HF, Larson PEZ, Wilson M, Martin AJ, Hetts SW. PMID: 29761624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    14. Trabecular bone microstructure is impaired in the proximal femur of human immunodeficiency virus-infected men with normal bone mineral density. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2018 Feb; 8(1):5-13. Kazakia GJ, Carballido-Gamio J, Lai A, Nardo L, Facchetti L, Pasco C, Zhang CA, Han M, Parrott AH, Tien P, Krug R. PMID: 29541618.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    15. A Prospective, Quantitative Evaluation of Fatty Infiltration Before and After Rotator Cuff Repair. Orthop J Sports Med. 2017 Jul; 5(7):2325967117718537. Lansdown DA, Lee S, Sam C, Krug R, Feeley BT, Ma CB. PMID: 28781978.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    16. Quantitative MRI and spectroscopy of bone marrow. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 02; 47(2):332-353. Karampinos DC, Ruschke S, Dieckmeyer M, Diefenbach M, Franz D, Gersing AS, Krug R, Baum T. PMID: 28570033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Effect of Sonication Duration and Power on Ablation Depth During MR-Guided Focused Ultrasound of Bone. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 11; 46(5):1418-1422. Bucknor MD, Ozhinsky E, Shah R, Krug R, Rieke V. PMID: 28225581.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    18. T2-based temperature monitoring in bone marrow for MR-guided focused ultrasound. J Ther Ultrasound. 2016; 4:26. Ozhinsky E, Han M, Bucknor M, Krug R, Rieke V. PMID: 27882240.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Evaluation of MRI protocols for the assessment of lumbar facet joints after MR-guided focused ultrasound treatment. J Ther Ultrasound. 2016; 4:14. Krug R, Do L, Rieke V, Wilson MW, Saeed M. PMID: 27054038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    20. Renal ablation using magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound: Magnetic resonance imaging and histopathology assessment. World J Radiol. 2016 Mar 28; 8(3):298-307. Saeed M, Krug R, Do L, Hetts SW, Wilson MW. PMID: 27027736.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Quantitative assessment of morphology, T1?, and T2 of shoulder cartilage using MRI. Eur Radiol. 2016 Dec; 26(12):4656-4663. Nardo L, Carballido-Gamio J, Tang S, Lai A, Krug R. PMID: 26993651.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Ultrashort echo time and zero echo time MRI at 7T. MAGMA. 2016 Jun; 29(3):359-70. Larson PE, Han M, Krug R, Jakary A, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB, Henry RG, McKinnon G, Kelley DA. PMID: 26702940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Erratum to: Metal artifact suppression at the hip: diagnostic performance at 3.0 T versus 1.5 Tesla. Skeletal Radiol. 2015 Nov; 44(11):1617. Nardo L, Han M, Kretzschmar M, Guindani M, Koch K, Vail T, Krug R, Link TM. PMID: 26298104.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    24. Quantifying temperature-dependent T1 changes in cortical bone using ultrashort echo-time MRI. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Dec; 74(6):1548-55. Han M, Rieke V, Scott SJ, Ozhinsky E, Salgaonkar VA, Jones PD, Larson PE, Diederich CJ, Krug R. PMID: 26390357.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    25. Improved differentiation between knees with cartilage lesions and controls using 7T relaxation time mapping. J Orthop Translat. 2015 Oct; 3(4):197-204. Wyatt C, Guha A, Venkatachari A, Li X, Krug R, Kelley DE, Link T, Majumdar S. PMID: 30035058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    26. Cardiac MR imaging: current status and future direction. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2015 Aug; 5(4):290-310. Saeed M, Van TA, Krug R, Hetts SW, Wilson MW. PMID: 26331113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Metal artifact suppression at the hip: diagnostic performance at 3.0 T versus 1.5 Tesla. Skeletal Radiol. 2015 Nov; 44(11):1609-16. Nardo L, Han M, Kretzschmar M, Kretschmar M, Guindani M, Koch K, Vail T, Krug R, Link TM. PMID: 26201676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. MRI monitoring of function, perfusion and viability in microembolized moderately ischemic myocardium. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Aug; 31(6):1179-90. Do L, Wilson MW, Krug R, Hetts SW, Saeed M. PMID: 25951916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    29. Magnetic resonance rotator cuff fat fraction and its relationship with tendon tear severity and subject characteristics. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Sep; 24(9):1442-51. Lee S, Lucas RM, Lansdown DA, Nardo L, Lai A, Link TM, Krug R, Ma CB. PMID: 25819731.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Metal artefact suppression at 3 T MRI: comparison of MAVRIC-SL with conventional fast spin echo sequences in patients with Hip joint arthroplasty. Eur Radiol. 2015 Aug; 25(8):2403-11. Kretzschmar M, Nardo L, Han MM, Heilmeier U, Sam C, Joseph GB, Koch KM, Krug R, Link TM. PMID: 25680728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Validation of bone marrow fat quantification in the presence of trabecular bone using MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Aug; 42(2):539-44. Gee CS, Nguyen JT, Marquez CJ, Heunis J, Lai A, Wyatt C, Han M, Kazakia G, Burghardt AJ, Karampinos DC, Carballido-Gamio J, Krug R. PMID: 25425074.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Cartilaginous end plates: Quantitative MR imaging with very short echo times-orientation dependence and correlation with biochemical composition. Radiology. 2015 Feb; 274(2):482-9. Fields AJ, Han M, Krug R, Lotz JC. PMID: 25302832.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Variable flip angle three-dimensional fast spin-echo sequence combined with outer volume suppression for imaging trabecular bone structure of the proximal femur. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 May; 41(5):1300-10. Han M, Chiba K, Banerjee S, Carballido-Gamio J, Krug R. PMID: 24956149.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. In vitro assessment of knee MRI in the presence of metal implants comparing MAVRIC-SL and conventional fast spin echo sequences at 1.5 and 3 T field strength. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 May; 41(5):1291-9. Liebl H, Heilmeier U, Lee S, Nardo L, Patsch J, Schuppert C, Han M, Rondak IC, Banerjee S, Koch K, Link TM, Krug R. PMID: 24912802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    35. Depiction of achilles tendon microstructure in vivo using high-resolution 3-dimensional ultrashort echo-time magnetic resonance imaging at 7 T. Invest Radiol. 2014 May; 49(5):339-45. Han M, Larson PE, Liu J, Krug R. PMID: 24500089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Bone marrow fat quantification in the presence of trabecular bone: initial comparison between water-fat imaging and single-voxel MRS. Magn Reson Med. 2014 Mar; 71(3):1158-65. Karampinos DC, Melkus G, Baum T, Bauer JS, Rummeny EJ, Krug R. PMID: 23657998.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Quantitative assessment of fat infiltration in the rotator cuff muscles using water-fat MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 May; 39(5):1178-85. Nardo L, Karampinos DC, Lansdown DA, Carballido-Gamio J, Lee S, Maroldi R, Ma CB, Link TM, Krug R. PMID: 24115490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Comparison of clinical semi-quantitative assessment of muscle fat infiltration with quantitative assessment using chemical shift-based water/fat separation in MR studies of the calf of post-menopausal women. Eur Radiol. 2012 Jul; 22(7):1592-600. Alizai H, Nardo L, Karampinos DC, Joseph GB, Yap SP, Baum T, Krug R, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 22411305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Ultrashort echo time MRI of cortical bone at 7 tesla field strength: a feasibility study. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Sep; 34(3):691-5. Krug R, Larson PE, Wang C, Burghardt AJ, Kelley DA, Link TM, Zhang X, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S. PMID: 21769960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Generation of an atlas of the proximal femur and its application to trabecular bone analysis. Magn Reson Med. 2011 Oct; 66(4):1181-91. Carballido-Gamio J, Folkesson J, Karampinos DC, Baum T, Link TM, Majumdar S, Krug R. PMID: 21432904.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Longitudinal evaluation of the effects of alendronate on MRI bone microarchitecture in postmenopausal osteopenic women. Bone. 2011 Mar 01; 48(3):611-21. Folkesson J, Goldenstein J, Carballido-Gamio J, Kazakia G, Burghardt AJ, Rodriguez A, Krug R, de Papp AE, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 21059422.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. High-resolution imaging techniques for the assessment of osteoporosis. Radiol Clin North Am. 2010 May; 48(3):601-21. Krug R, Burghardt AJ, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 20609895.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Isotropic 3-dimensional fast spin echo imaging versus standard 2-dimensional imaging at 3.0 T of the knee: artificial cartilage and meniscal lesions in a porcine model. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010 Mar-Apr; 34(2):260-9. Ristow O, Stehling C, Krug R, Steinbach L, Sabo G, Ambekar A, Huber M, Link TM. PMID: 20351518.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    44. Patellar cartilage: T2 values and morphologic abnormalities at 3.0-T MR imaging in relation to physical activity in asymptomatic subjects from the osteoarthritis initiative. Radiology. 2010 Feb; 254(2):509-20. Stehling C, Liebl H, Krug R, Lane NE, Nevitt MC, Lynch J, McCulloch CE, Link TM. PMID: 20019141.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Imaging of the musculoskeletal system in vivo using ultra-high field magnetic resonance at 7 T. Invest Radiol. 2009 Sep; 44(9):613-8. Krug R, Stehling C, Kelley DA, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 19652609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. 7T human spine imaging arrays with adjustable inductive decoupling. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2010 Feb; 57(2):397-403. Wu B, Wang C, Krug R, Kelley DA, Xu D, Pang Y, Banerjee S, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Majumdar S, Zhang X. PMID: 19709956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. MRI of the spine: image quality and normal-neoplastic bone marrow contrast at 3 T versus 1.5 T. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Apr; 192(4):873-80. Zhao J, Krug R, Xu D, Lu Y, Link TM. PMID: 19304689.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Evaluation of correction methods for coil-induced intensity inhomogeneities and their influence on trabecular bone structure parameters from MR images. Med Phys. 2009 Apr; 36(4):1267-74. Folkesson J, Krug R, Goldenstein J, Issever AS, Fang C, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 19472635.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Assessment of cartilage-dedicated sequences at ultra-high-field MRI: comparison of imaging performance and diagnostic confidence between 3.0 and 7.0 T with respect to osteoarthritis-induced changes at the knee joint. Skeletal Radiol. 2009 Aug; 38(8):771-83. Stahl R, Krug R, Kelley DA, Zuo J, Ma CB, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 19294379.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Geodesic topological analysis of trabecular bone microarchitecture from high-spatial resolution magnetic resonance images. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Feb; 61(2):448-56. Carballido-Gamio J, Krug R, Huber MB, Hyun B, Eckstein F, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 19161163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Isotropic 3D fast spin-echo imaging versus standard 2D imaging at 3.0 T of the knee--image quality and diagnostic performance. Eur Radiol. 2009 May; 19(5):1263-72. Ristow O, Steinbach L, Sabo G, Krug R, Huber M, Rauscher I, Ma B, Link TM. PMID: 19137309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Advances of 3T MR imaging in visualizing trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus are partially SNR-independent: analysis using simulated noise in relation to micro-CT, 1.5T MRI, and biomechanical strength. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jan; 29(1):132-40. Bauer JS, Monetti R, Krug R, Matsuura M, Mueller D, Eckstein F, Rummeny EJ, Lochmueller EM, Raeth CW, Link TM. PMID: 19097112.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Feasibility and reproducibility of relaxometry, morphometric, and geometrical measurements of the hip joint with magnetic resonance imaging at 3T. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Jul; 28(1):227-35. Carballido-Gamio J, Link TM, Li X, Han ET, Krug R, Ries MD, Majumdar S. PMID: 18581346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Prevalence of pathologic findings in asymptomatic knees of marathon runners before and after a competition in comparison with physically active subjects-a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging study. Skeletal Radiol. 2008 Jul; 37(7):627-38. Stahl R, Luke A, Ma CB, Krug R, Steinbach L, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 18463868.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. In vivo determination of bone structure in postmenopausal women: a comparison of HR-pQCT and high-field MR imaging. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Apr; 23(4):463-74. Kazakia GJ, Hyun B, Burghardt AJ, Krug R, Newitt DC, de Papp AE, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 18052756.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. In vivo ultra-high-field magnetic resonance imaging of trabecular bone microarchitecture at 7 T. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Apr; 27(4):854-9. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Banerjee S, Burghardt AJ, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 18383263.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Rapid in vivo musculoskeletal MR with parallel imaging at 7T. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Mar; 59(3):655-60. Banerjee S, Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Kelley DA, Xu D, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S. PMID: 18224700.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. In vivo bone and cartilage MRI using fully-balanced steady-state free-precession at 7 tesla. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Dec; 58(6):1294-8. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Banerjee S, Stahl R, Carvajal L, Xu D, Vigneron D, Kelley DA, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 17957777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Assessment of trabecular bone structure comparing magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla with high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography ex vivo and in vivo. Osteoporos Int. 2008 May; 19(5):653-61. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Burghardt AJ, Kazakia G, Hyun BH, Jobke B, Banerjee S, Huber M, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 17992467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Automatic prospective registration of high-resolution trabecular bone images of the tibia. Ann Biomed Eng. 2007 Nov; 35(11):1924-31. Blumenfeld J, Carballido-Gamio J, Krug R, Blezek DJ, Hancu I, Majumdar S. PMID: 17705036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Fast high-spatial-resolution MRI of the ankle with parallel imaging using GRAPPA at 3 T. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jul; 189(1):240-5. Bauer JS, Banerjee S, Henning TD, Krug R, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 17579177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Wavelet-based characterization of vertebral trabecular bone structure from magnetic resonance images at 3 T compared with micro-computed tomographic measurements. Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Apr; 25(3):392-8. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Burghardt AJ, Haase S, Sedat JW, Moss WC, Majumdar S. PMID: 17371730.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Volumetric cartilage measurements of porcine knee at 1.5-T and 3.0-T MR imaging: evaluation of precision and accuracy. Radiology. 2006 Nov; 241(2):399-406. Bauer JS, Krause SJ, Ross CJ, Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Ozhinsky E, Majumdar S, Link TM. PMID: 17057067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. Fully balanced steady-state 3D-spin-echo (bSSSE) imaging at 3 Tesla. Magn Reson Med. 2006 Nov; 56(5):1033-40. Krug R, Han ET, Banerjee S, Majumdar S. PMID: 16986110.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Feasibility of in vivo structural analysis of high-resolution magnetic resonance images of the proximal femur. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Nov; 16(11):1307-14. Krug R, Banerjee S, Han ET, Newitt DC, Link TM, Majumdar S. PMID: 15999292.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Application of refocused steady-state free-precession methods at 1.5 and 3 T to in vivo high-resolution MRI of trabecular bone: simulations and experiments. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Jun; 21(6):818-25. Banerjee S, Han ET, Krug R, Newitt DC, Majumdar S. PMID: 15906346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Wavelet Based Characterization of Vertebral Trabecular Bone Structure from MR Images of Specimen at 3 Tesla Compared to MicroCT Measurements. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2005; 2005:7040-3. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Burghardt A, Haase S, Sedat J, Moss W, Majumdar S. PMID: 17281896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    68. Determination of aortic compliance from magnetic resonance images using an automatic active contour model. Phys Med Biol. 2003 Aug 07; 48(15):2391-404. Krug R, Boese JM, Schad LR. PMID: 12953905.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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