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Jon Levine, MD, PhD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Dentistry
DepartmentOral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Address513 Parnassus Ave, Med Sci
San Francisco CA 94122
Phone415-476-5108
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1978 Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoM.S.1976 Medicine

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Vascular Pain Mechanisms
    NIH/NINDS R01NS085831Aug 1, 2014 - Jul 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Nociceptor mechanisms in the transition from acute to chronic pain
    NIH/NINDS R01NS084545Apr 1, 2014 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acute-to-Chronic Transition in Ergonomic Muscle Pain: Nociceptor Mechanisms
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR063312Mar 5, 2013 - Feb 28, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms of Interactions of Alcohol Abuse HIV Neuropathogenesis
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA017384Sep 15, 2008 - May 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Receptors and Second Messengers for Pain and Analgesia
    NIH/NINDS P01NS053709Sep 1, 2007 - Jun 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms and Risk Factors in Musculoskeletal Pain
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR054635Aug 1, 2007 - Jul 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Modeling Kappa Opioid Analgesic Mechanisms in Chronic Orofacial Pain Disorders
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE018526Aug 1, 2007 - Jul 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Integrin family of proteins in acute and chronic pain
    NIH/NINDS R01NS053880May 17, 2006 - Feb 28, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Sex dimorphism in neuroendocrine control of inflammation
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR052106May 16, 2006 - Feb 28, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Ethanol-induced symptomatic peripheral neuropathy
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA013875Aug 1, 2004 - May 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role of Subdiaphragmatic Vagus in Fibromyalgia Syndrome
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR048821Jul 1, 2002 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Antiviral Nucleoside-Induced Neuropathic Pain Mechanisms
    NIH/NINDS R01NS042546Sep 30, 2001 - Jul 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SEX DIFFERENCES IN INFLAMMATORY PAIN
    NIH/NINR R01NR004880Aug 15, 1998 - May 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Gender and Sex Hormones and Opioid Analgesia
    NIH/NINR R01NR003923Sep 30, 1994 - Jan 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Trigeminal Pain, Mechanisms and Control
    NIH/NIDCR P01DE008973Sep 1, 1990 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TRIGEMINAL PAIN--MECHANISMS AND CONTROL
    NIH/NIDCR P50DE008973Sep 1, 1990 - Feb 29, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NEURAL MECHANISMS OF PAIN AND HYPERALGESIA
    NIH/NINDS R01NS021647Jul 1, 1985 - Mar 31, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MECHANISMS OF PAIN AND ANALGESIA
    NIH/NINDS P50NS021445Jan 1, 1985 - Dec 31, 2005
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NEURAL/ENDOCRINE MEDIATED AUTOREGULATION OF INFLAMMATION
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR032634Aug 1, 1983 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NEURONAL MODULATION OF ARTHRITIC JOINT INJURY
    NIH/NIAMS R55AR032634Aug 1, 1983 - Aug 31, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SYNOVIAL NOCICEPTORS IN EXPERIMENTAL ARTHRITIS
    NIH/NIADDK R01AM032634Aug 1, 1983 - Jul 31, 1987
    Role: Principal Investigator
    FACTORS AFFECTING DENTAL POSTOPERATIVE PAIN
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE005369Jul 1, 1979 - Jun 30, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Araldi D, Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Hyperalgesic Priming (Type II) Induced by Repeated Opioid Exposure: Maintenance Mechanisms. Pain. 2017 Mar 14. PMID: 28306605.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Smoot B, Kober KM, Paul SM, Levine JD, Abrams G, Mastick J, Topp K, Conley YP, Miaskowski CA. Potassium Channel Candidate Genes Predict the Development of Secondary Lymphedema Following Breast Cancer Surgery. Nurs Res. 2017 Mar/Apr; 66(2):85-94. PMID: 28252570.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Wong ML, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Dunn LB, Hammer MJ, Conley YP, Wright F, Levine J, Walter LC, Cartwright F, Miaskowski C. Predictors of the multidimensional symptom experience of lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2017 Feb 03. PMID: 28160076.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Khomula EV, Ferrari LF, Araldi D, Levine J. Sexual Dimorphism in a Reciprocal Interaction of Ryanodine and IP3 Receptors in the Induction of Hyperalgesic Priming. J Neurosci. 2017 Jan 23. PMID: 28115480.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ferrari LF, Araldi D, Levine JD. Regulation of expression of hyperalgesic priming by estrogen receptor alpha in the rat. J Pain. 2017 Jan 09. PMID: 28089711.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Abid H, Kober KM, Smoot B, Paul SM, Hammer M, Levine JD, Lee K, Wright F, Cooper BA, Conley YP, Miaskowski C. Common and Distinct Characteristics Associated With Trajectories of Morning and Evening Energy in Oncology Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 Jan 04. PMID: 28063861.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Miaskowski C, Mastick J, Paul SM, Topp K, Smoot B, Abrams G, Chen LM, Kober KM, Conley YP, Chesney M, Bolla K, Mausisa G, Mazor M, Wong M, Schumacher M, Levine JD. Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 Jan 04. PMID: 28063866.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Araldi D, Ferrari LF, Green P, Levine JD. Marked sexual dimorphism in 5-HT1 receptors mediating pronociceptive effects of sumatriptan. Neuroscience. 2016 Dec 29. PMID: 28040566.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Yaghi NK, Wei J, Hashimoto Y, Kong LY, Gabrusiewicz K, Nduom EK, Ling X, Huang N, Zhou S, Kerrigan BC, Levine JM, Fajt VR, Levine G, Porter BF, Marcusson EG, Tachikawa K, Chivukula P, Webb DC, Payne JE, Heimberger AB. Immune modulatory nanoparticle therapeutics for intracerebral glioma. Neuro Oncol. 2016 Oct 8. PMID: 27765835.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Eshragh J, Dhruva A, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Mastick J, Hamolsky D, Levine JD, Miaskowski C, Kober KM. Associations Between Neurotransmitter Genes and Fatigue and Energy Levels in Women Following Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Oct 5. PMID: 27720787.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Kober KM, Smoot B, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Polymorphisms in Cytokine Genes Are Associated With Higher Levels of Fatigue and Lower Levels of Energy in Women After Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Nov; 52(5):695-708.e4. PMID: 27664835.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Green P, Levine JD. Contribution of Piezo2 to Endothelium-Dependent Pain. Mol Pain. 2015 Jan; 11. PMID: 27655920.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Colley A, Halpern J, Paul S, Micco G, Lahiff M, Wright F, Levine JD, Mastick J, Hammer MJ, Miaskowski C, Dunn LB. Factors associated with oncology patients' involvement in shared decision making during chemotherapy. Psychooncology. 2016 Sep 20. PMID: 27649058.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Stout Steele MW, Hodshon AW, Hopkins AL, Tracy GM, Cohen ND, Kerwin SC, Boudreau CE, Thomas WB, Mankin JM, Levine JM. Multi-Center Retrospective Evaluation of Screw and Polymethylmethacrylate Constructs for Atlantoaxial Fixation in Dogs. Vet Surg. 2016 Oct; 45(7):909-915. PMID: 27580972.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Ferrari LF, Khomula EV, Araldi D, Levine J. Marked Sexual Dimorphism in the Role of the Ryanodine Receptor in a Model of Pain Chronification in the Rat. Sci Rep. 2016; 6:31221. PMID: 27499186.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Araldi D, Ferrari LF, Levine J. Gi-protein-coupled 5-HT1B/D receptor agonist sumatriptan induces type I hyperalgesic priming. Pain. 2016 Aug; 157(8):1773-82. PMID: 27075428.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Bischel LE, Ritchie C, Kober KM, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Chen LM, Levine JD, Hammer M, Wright F, Miaskowski C. Age differences in fatigue, decrements in energy, and sleep disturbance in oncology patients receiving chemotherapy. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2016 Aug; 23:115-23. PMID: 27456383.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Kurian JR, Louis S, Keen KL, Wolfe A, Terasawa E, Levine JE. The Methylcytosine Dioxygenase Ten-Eleven Translocase-2 (tet2) Enables Elevated GnRH Gene Expression and Maintenance of Male Reproductive Function. Endocrinology. 2016 Sep; 157(9):3588-603. PMID: 27384303.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Russell RL, Levine JM, Jeffery ND, Young C, Mondragon A, Lee B, Boudreau CE, Welsh CJ, Levine GJ. Arachidonic acid pathway alterations in cerebrospinal fluid of dogs with naturally occurring spinal cord injury. BMC Neurosci. 2016; 17(1):31. PMID: 27287721.
      View in: PubMed
    20. LeBlanc AK, Mazcko C, Brown DE, Koehler JW, Miller AD, Miller CR, Bentley RT, Packer RA, Breen M, Boudreau CE, Levine JM, Simpson RM, Halsey C, Kisseberth W, Rossmeisl JH, Dickinson PJ, Fan TM, Corps K, Aldape K, Puduvalli V, Pluhar GE, Gilbert MR. Creation of an NCI comparative brain tumor consortium: informing the translation of new knowledge from canine to human brain tumor patients. Neuro Oncol. 2016 Sep; 18(9):1209-18. PMID: 27179361.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Andrews NA, Latrémolière A, Basbaum AI, Mogil JS, Porreca F, Rice AS, Woolf CJ, Currie GL, Dworkin RH, Eisenach JC, Evans S, Gewandter JS, Gover TD, Handwerker H, Huang W, Iyengar S, Jensen MP, Kennedy JD, Lee N, Levine J, Lidster K, Machin I, McDermott MP, McMahon SB, Price TJ, Ross SE, Scherrer G, Seal RP, Sena ES, Silva E, Stone L, Svensson CI, Turk DC, Whiteside G. Ensuring transparency and minimization of methodologic bias in preclinical pain research: PPRECISE considerations. Pain. 2016 Apr; 157(4):901-9. PMID: 26683237.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Posternak V, Dunn LB, Dhruva A, Paul SM, Luce J, Mastick J, Levine J, Aouizerat BE, Hammer M, Wright F, Miaskowski C. Differences in demographic, clinical, and symptom characteristics and quality of life outcomes among oncology patients with different types of pain. Pain. 2016 Apr; 157(4):892-900. PMID: 26683234.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Ferrari LF, Araldi D, Bogen O, Levine J. Extracellular matrix hyaluronan signals via its CD44 receptor in the increased responsiveness to mechanical stimulation. Neuroscience. 2016 Jun 2; 324:390-8. PMID: 26996509.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Kober KM, Dunn L, Mastick J, Cooper B, Langford D, Melisko M, Venook A, Chen LM, Wright F, Hammer M, Schmidt BL, Levine J, Miaskowski C, Aouizerat BE. Gene Expression Profiling of Evening Fatigue in Women Undergoing Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer. Biol Res Nurs. 2016 Jul; 18(4):370-85. PMID: 26957308.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Araldi D, Ferrari LF, Levine J. Adenosine-A1 receptor agonist induced hyperalgesic priming type II. Pain. 2016 Mar; 157(3):698-709. PMID: 26588695.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Dubois SL, Wolfe A, Radovick S, Boehm U, Levine JE. Estradiol Restrains Prepubertal Gonadotropin Secretion in Female Mice via Activation of ERa in Kisspeptin Neurons. Endocrinology. 2016 Apr; 157(4):1546-54. PMID: 26824364.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Smoot B, Paul SM, Aouizerat BE, Dunn L, Elboim C, Schmidt B, Hamolsky D, Levine J, Abrams G, Mastick J, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Predictors of Altered Upper Extremity Function During the First Year After Breast Cancer Treatment. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Jan 29. PMID: 26829093.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Cikla U, Chanana V, Kintner DB, Udho E, Eickhoff J, Sun W, Marquez S, Covert L, Otles A, Shapiro RA, Ferrazzano P, Vemuganti R, Levine JE, Cengiz P. ERa Signaling Is Required for TrkB-Mediated Hippocampal Neuroprotection in Female Neonatal Mice after Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy(1,2,3). eNeuro. 2016 Jan-Feb; 3(1). PMID: 26839918; PMCID: PMC4731462.
    29. Miaskowski C, Cooper BA, Aouizerat B, Melisko M, Chen LM, Dunn L, Hu X, Kober KM, Mastick J, Levine J, Hammer M, Wright F, Harris J, Armes J, Furlong E, Fox P, Ream E, Maguire R, Kearney N. The symptom phenotype of oncology outpatients remains relatively stable from prior to through 1 week following chemotherapy. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2016 Jan 18. PMID: 26777053.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ferrari LF, Levine JD, Green PG. Mechanisms mediating nitroglycerin-induced delayed-onset hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 2016 Mar 11; 317:121-9. PMID: 26779834.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Conner LB, Alvarez P, Bogen O, Levine JD. Role of Kv4.3 in Vibration-Induced Muscle Pain in the Rat. J Pain. 2016 Apr; 17(4):444-50. PMID: 26721612.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Smoot B, Cooper BA, Conley Y, Kober K, Levine J, Mastick J, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Differences in limb volume trajectories after breast cancer treatment. J Cancer Surviv. 2016 Aug; 10(4):772-82. PMID: 26678895.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Alvarez P, Levine JD. Antihyperalgesic effect of tetrodotoxin in rat models of persistent muscle pain. Neuroscience. 2015 Dec 17; 311:499-507. PMID: 26548414.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Green P, Levine J. Contribution of Piezo2 to endothelium-dependent pain. Mol Pain. 2015; 11(1):65. PMID: 26497944; PMCID: PMC4619430.
    35. Kober KM, Cooper BA, Paul SM, Dunn LB, Levine JD, Wright F, Hammer MJ, Mastick J, Venook A, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Subgroups of chemotherapy patients with distinct morning and evening fatigue trajectories. Support Care Cancer. 2016 Apr; 24(4):1473-85. PMID: 26361758.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Araldi D, Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Repeated Mu-Opioid Exposure Induces a Novel Form of the Hyperalgesic Priming Model for Transition to Chronic Pain. J Neurosci. 2015 Sep 9; 35(36):12502-17. PMID: 26354917; PMCID: PMC4563038 [Available on 03/09/16].
    37. Gold M, Dunn LB, Phoenix B, Paul SM, Hamolsky D, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Co-occurrence of anxiety and depressive symptoms following breast cancer surgery and its impact on quality of life. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2016 Feb; 20:97-105. PMID: 26187660.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Langford DJ, Paul SM, Cooper B, Kober KM, Mastick J, Melisko M, Levine JD, Wright F, Hammer MJ, Cartwright F, Lee KA, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Comparison of subgroups of breast cancer patients on pain and co-occurring symptoms following chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2016 Feb; 24(2):605-14. PMID: 26142303.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Green PG, Alvarez P, Levine JD. Topical Tetrodotoxin Attenuates Photophobia Induced by Corneal Injury in the Rat. J Pain. 2015 Sep; 16(9):881-6. PMID: 26086898; PMCID: PMC4664153 [Available on 09/01/16].
    40. Rissi DR, Levine JM, Eden KB, Watson VE, Griffin JF, Edwards JF, Porter BF. Cerebral oligodendroglioma mimicking intraventricular neoplasia in three dogs. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2015 May; 27(3):396-400. PMID: 25943126.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Burakoff R, Pabby V, Onyewadume L, Odze R, Adackapara C, Wang W, Friedman S, Hamilton M, Korzenik J, Levine J, Makrauer F, Cheng C, Smith HC, Liew CC, Chao S. Blood-based biomarkers used to predict disease activity in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 May; 21(5):1132-40. PMID: 25895006.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Bogen O, Bender O, Löwe J, Blenau W, Thevis B, Schröder W, Margolis RU, Levine JD, Hucho F. Neuronally produced versican V2 renders C-fiber nociceptors IB4 -positive. J Neurochem. 2015 Jul; 134(1):147-55. PMID: 25845936; PMCID: PMC4472531.
    43. Ferrari LF, Araldi D, Levine JD. Distinct terminal and cell body mechanisms in the nociceptor mediate hyperalgesic priming. J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 15; 35(15):6107-16. PMID: 25878283; PMCID: PMC4397607.
    44. Wright F, D'Eramo Melkus G, Hammer M, Schmidt BL, Knobf MT, Paul SM, Cartwright F, Mastick J, Cooper BA, Chen LM, Melisko M, Levine JD, Kober K, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Predictors and Trajectories of Morning Fatigue Are Distinct From Evening Fatigue. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015 Aug; 50(2):176-89. PMID: 25828559; PMCID: PMC4526314 [Available on 08/01/16].
    45. Wright F, D'Eramo Melkus G, Hammer M, Schmidt BL, Knobf MT, Paul SM, Cartwright F, Mastick J, Cooper BA, Chen LM, Melisko M, Levine JD, Kober K, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Trajectories of Evening Fatigue in Oncology Outpatients Receiving Chemotherapy. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015 Aug; 50(2):163-75. PMID: 25828560; PMCID: PMC4526403 [Available on 08/01/16].
    46. Langford DJ, Paul SM, West CM, Dunn LB, Levine JD, Kober KM, Dodd MJ, Miaskowski C, Aouizerat BE. Variations in potassium channel genes are associated with distinct trajectories of persistent breast pain after breast cancer surgery. Pain. 2015 Mar; 156(3):371-80. PMID: 25599232.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Alvarez P, Levine JD, Green PG. Neonatal handling (resilience) attenuates water-avoidance stress induced enhancement of chronic mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 2015 Mar 30; 591:207-11. PMID: 25637700.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Accounting for the delay in the transition from acute to chronic pain: axonal and nuclear mechanisms. J Neurosci. 2015 Jan 14; 35(2):495-507. PMID: 25589745; PMCID: PMC4293406.
    49. Dubois SL, Acosta-Martínez M, DeJoseph MR, Wolfe A, Radovick S, Boehm U, Urban JH, Levine JE. Positive, but not negative feedback actions of estradiol in adult female mice require estrogen receptor a in kisspeptin neurons. Endocrinology. 2015 Mar; 156(3):1111-20. PMID: 25545386; PMCID: PMC4330313 [Available on 03/01/16].
    50. Miaskowski C, Elboim C, Paul SM, Mastick J, Cooper BA, Levine JD, Aouizerat BE. Polymorphisms in Tumor Necrosis Factor-a Are Associated With Higher Anxiety Levels in Women After Breast Cancer Surgery. Clin Breast Cancer. 2016 Feb; 16(1):63-71.e3. PMID: 25813148.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Bethea CL, Reddy AP, Flowers M, Shapiro RA, Colman RJ, Abbott DH, Levine JE. High fat diet decreases beneficial effects of estrogen on serotonin-related gene expression in marmosets. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Apr 3; 58:71-80. PMID: 25542371; PMCID: PMC4339406.
    52. Langford DJ, Schmidt B, Levine JD, Abrams G, Elboim C, Esserman L, Hamolsky D, Mastick J, Paul SM, Cooper B, Kober K, Dodd M, Dunn L, Aouizerat B, Miaskowski C. Preoperative Breast Pain Predicts Persistent Breast Pain and Disability After Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015 Jun; 49(6):981-94. PMID: 25527442; PMCID: PMC4470873 [Available on 06/01/16].
    53. Langford DJ, Paul SM, West C, Levine JD, Hamolsky D, Elboim C, Schmidt BL, Cooper BA, Abrams G, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Persistent breast pain following breast cancer surgery is associated with persistent sensory changes, pain interference, and functional impairments. J Pain. 2014 Dec; 15(12):1227-37. PMID: 25439318; PMCID: PMC4254680 [Available on 12/01/15].
    54. Langford DJ, Paul SM, West C, Abrams G, Elboim C, Levine JD, Hamolsky D, Luce JA, Kober KM, Neuhaus JM, Cooper BA, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Persistent arm pain is distinct from persistent breast pain following breast cancer surgery. J Pain. 2014 Dec; 15(12):1238-47. PMID: 25439319; PMCID: PMC4254679 [Available on 12/01/15].
    55. Young BD, Mankin JM, Griffin JF, Fosgate GT, Fowler JL, Levine JM. Comparison of two fat-suppressed magnetic resonance imaging pulse sequences to standard t2-weighted images for brain parenchymal contrast and lesion detection in dogs with inflammatory intracranial disease. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2015 Mar-Apr; 56(2):204-11. PMID: 25395066.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Plasma membrane mechanisms in a preclinical rat model of chronic pain. J Pain. 2015 Jan; 16(1):60-6. PMID: 25451625; PMCID: PMC4274789 [Available on 01/01/16].
    57. Joseph EK, Green PG, Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Homocysteine-induced attenuation of vascular endothelium-dependent hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 2015 Jan 22; 284:678-84. PMID: 25451284; PMCID: PMC4267916 [Available on 01/22/16].
    58. Alvarez P, Bogen O, Levine JD. Role of nociceptor estrogen receptor GPR30 in a rat model of endometriosis pain. Pain. 2014 Dec; 155(12):2680-6. PMID: 25280432; PMCID: PMC4250399 [Available on 12/01/15].
    59. Yelenik SG, Colman BP, Levine JM, HilleRisLambers J. A mechanistic study of plant and microbial controls over R* for nitrogen in an annual grassland. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e106059. PMID: 25170943; PMCID: PMC4149492.
    60. Rinz CJ, Levine J, Minor KM, Humphries HD, Lara R, Starr-Moss AN, Guo LT, Williams DC, Shelton GD, Clark LA. A COLQ missense mutation in Labrador Retrievers having congenital myasthenic syndrome. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e106425. PMID: 25166616; PMCID: PMC4148433.
    61. Kapur NK, Qiao X, Paruchuri V, Mackey EE, Daly GH, Ughreja K, Ughreja K, Morine KJ, Levine J, Aronovitz MJ, Hill NS, Jaffe IZ, Letarte M, Karas RH. Reducing endoglin activity limits calcineurin and TRPC-6 expression and improves survival in a mouse model of right ventricular pressure overload. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 Aug; 3(4). PMID: 25015075; PMCID: PMC4310384.
    62. Taylor AR, Welsh CJ, Young C, Spoor E, Kerwin SC, Griffin JF, Levine GJ, Cohen ND, Levine JM. Cerebrospinal fluid inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in naturally occurring canine spinal cord injury. J Neurotrauma. 2014 Sep 15; 31(18):1561-9. PMID: 24786364; PMCID: PMC4161168.
    63. Xu S, Wei J, Wang F, Kong LY, Ling XY, Nduom E, Gabrusiewicz K, Doucette T, Yang Y, Yaghi NK, Fajt V, Levine JM, Qiao W, Li XG, Lang FF, Rao G, Fuller GN, Calin GA, Heimberger AB. Effect of miR-142-3p on the M2 macrophage and therapeutic efficacy against murine glioblastoma. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Aug; 106(8). PMID: 24974128; PMCID: PMC4271080.
    64. Levine GJ, Cook JR, Kerwin SC, Mankin J, Griffin JF, Fosgate GT, Levine JM. Relationships between cerebrospinal fluid characteristics, injury severity, and functional outcome in dogs with and without intervertebral disk herniation. Vet Clin Pathol. 2014 Sep; 43(3):437-46. PMID: 24976308.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Chalkias S, Alonso CD, Levine JD, Wong MT. Emerging pathogen in immunocompromised hosts: Exophiala dermatitidis mycosis in graft-versus-host disease. Transpl Infect Dis. 2014 Aug; 16(4):616-20. PMID: 24890324.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Smoot B, Paul SM, Aouizerat BE, Elboim C, Levine JD, Abrams G, Hamolsky D, Neuhaus J, Schmidt B, West C, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Side of cancer does not influence limb volumes in women prior to breast cancer surgery. Lymphat Res Biol. 2014 Sep; 12(3):189-93. PMID: 24834791; PMCID: PMC4171111.
    67. Alvarez P, Giudice LC, Levine JD. Impact of surgical excision of lesions on pain in a rat model of endometriosis. Eur J Pain. 2015 Jan; 19(1):103-10. PMID: 24824436; PMCID: PMC4231021 [Available on 01/01/16].
    68. Joseph EK, Green PG, Levine JD. ATP release mechanisms of endothelial cell-mediated stimulus-dependent hyperalgesia. J Pain. 2014 Jul; 15(7):771-7. PMID: 24793242; PMCID: PMC4264525.
    69. Levine J, Cohen ND, Heller M, Fajt VR, Levine GJ, Kerwin SC, Trivedi AA, Fandel TM, Werb Z, Modestino A, Noble-Haeusslein LJ. Efficacy of a metalloproteinase inhibitor in spinal cord injured dogs. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e96408. PMID: 24788791; PMCID: PMC4006832.
    70. Chen X, Green PG, Levine JD. Does the antihyperalgesic disruptor of endothelial cells, octoxynol-9, alter nociceptor function? J Neurophysiol. 2014 Jul 15; 112(2):463-6. PMID: 24790171; PMCID: PMC4064416.
    71. Godoy O, Kraft NJ, Levine JM. Phylogenetic relatedness and the determinants of competitive outcomes. Ecol Lett. 2014 Jul; 17(7):836-44. PMID: 24766326.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Alvarez P, Levine JD. Screening the role of pronociceptive molecules in a rodent model of endometriosis pain. J Pain. 2014 Jul; 15(7):726-33. PMID: 24755283; PMCID: PMC4119016.
    73. Slagelse C, Petersen KL, Dahl JB, Finnerup K, Greene K, Leong SP, Levine J, Rowbotham M, Werner MU, Finnerup NB. Persistent postoperative pain and sensory changes following lymph node excision in melanoma patients: a topical review. Melanoma Res. 2014 Apr; 24(2):93-8. PMID: 24346167.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Alvarez P, Green PG, Levine JD. Role for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in the induction of chronic muscle pain in the rat. Pain. 2014 Jun; 155(6):1161-7. PMID: 24637038; PMCID: PMC4303347.
    75. Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Cooper B, West C, Levine JD, Elboim C, Hamolsky D, Abrams G, Luce J, Dhruva A, Langford DJ, Merriman JD, Kober K, Baggott C, Leutwyler H, Aouizerat BE. Identification of patient subgroups and risk factors for persistent arm/shoulder pain following breast cancer surgery. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2014 Jun; 18(3):242-53. PMID: 24485012; PMCID: PMC4013216.
    76. Young BD, Fosgate GT, Holmes SP, Wolff CA, Chen-Allen AV, Kent M, Platt SR, Savage MY, Schatzberg SJ, Levine JM. Evaluation of standard magnetic resonance characteristics used to differentiate neoplastic, inflammatory, and vascular brain lesions in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2014 Jul-Aug; 55(4):399-406. PMID: 24467341.
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    77. Langford DJ, West C, Elboim C, Cooper BA, Abrams G, Paul SM, Schmidt BL, Levine JD, Merriman JD, Dhruva A, Neuhaus J, Leutwyler H, Baggott C, Sullivan CW, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Variations in potassium channel genes are associated with breast pain in women prior to breast cancer surgery. J Neurogenet. 2014 Mar-Jun; 28(1-2):122-35. PMID: 24392765; PMCID: PMC4035357.
    78. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Levine JD. Second messengers mediating the expression of neuroplasticity in a model of chronic pain in the rat. J Pain. 2014 Mar; 15(3):312-20. PMID: 24407022; PMCID: PMC3987850.
    79. Reichling DB, Green PG, Levine JD. The fundamental unit of pain is the cell. Pain. 2013 Dec; 154 Suppl 1. PMID: 24347805.
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    80. Alvarez P, Bogen O, Chen X, Giudice LC, Levine JD. Ectopic endometrium-derived leptin produces estrogen-dependent chronic pain in a rat model of endometriosis. Neuroscience. 2014 Jan 31; 258:111-20. PMID: 24239717; PMCID: PMC3947893.
    81. Gear RW, Bogen O, Ferrari LF, Green PG, Levine JD. NOP receptor mediates anti-analgesia induced by agonist-antagonist opioids. Neuroscience. 2014 Jan 17; 257:139-48. PMID: 24188792; PMCID: PMC3947912.
    82. Stephens K, Cooper BA, West C, Paul SM, Baggott CR, Merriman JD, Dhruva A, Kober KM, Langford DJ, Leutwyler H, Luce JA, Schmidt BL, Abrams GM, Elboim C, Hamolsky D, Levine JD, Miaskowski C, Aouizerat BE. Associations between cytokine gene variations and severe persistent breast pain in women following breast cancer surgery. J Pain. 2014 Feb; 15(2):169-80. PMID: 24411993; PMCID: PMC4331184.
    83. Cooper JJ, Young BD, Griffin JF, Fosgate GT, Levine JM. Comparison between noncontrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for detection and characterization of thoracolumbar myelopathy caused by intervertebral disk herniation in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2014 Mar-Apr; 55(2):182-9. PMID: 24118546.
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    84. Apkarian AV, Neugebauer V, Koob G, Edwards S, Levine JD, Ferrari L, Egli M, Regunathan S. Neural mechanisms of pain and alcohol dependence. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2013 Nov; 112:34-41. PMID: 24095683.
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    85. Andres C, Hasenauer J, Ahn HS, Joseph EK, Isensee J, Theis FJ, Allgöwer F, Levine JD, Dib-Hajj SD, Waxman SG, Hucho T. Wound-healing growth factor, basic FGF, induces Erk1/2-dependent mechanical hyperalgesia. Pain. 2013 Oct; 154(10):2216-26. PMID: 23867734.
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    86. Hendrich J, Alvarez P, Joseph EK, Chen X, Bogen O, Levine JD. Electrophysiological correlates of hyperalgesic priming in vitro and in vivo. Pain. 2013 Oct; 154(10):2207-15. PMID: 23831864; PMCID: PMC3838101.
    87. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Levine JD. Role of nociceptor aCaMKII in transition from acute to chronic pain (hyperalgesic priming) in male and female rats. J Neurosci. 2013 Jul 3; 33(27):11002-11. PMID: 23825405; PMCID: PMC3718370.
    88. Reichling DB, Green PG, Levine JD. The fundamental unit of pain is the cell. Pain. 2013 Dec; 154 Suppl 1:S2-9. PMID: 23711480.
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    89. Alvarez P, Green PG, Levine JD. Stress in the adult rat exacerbates muscle pain induced by early-life stress. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Nov 1; 74(9):688-95. PMID: 23706525; PMCID: PMC3760993.
    90. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Chu C, Levine JD. Peripheral administration of translation inhibitors reverses increased hyperalgesia in a model of chronic pain in the rat. J Pain. 2013 Jul; 14(7):731-8. PMID: 23664545; PMCID: PMC3700567.
    91. Lin Y, Chen Y, Wang Y, Yang J, Zhu VF, Liu Y, Cui X, Chen L, Yan W, Jiang T, Hergenroeder GW, Fletcher SA, Levine JM, Kim DH, Tandon N, Zhu JJ, Li M. ZIP4 is a novel molecular marker for glioma. Neuro Oncol. 2013 Aug; 15(8):1008-16. PMID: 23595627; PMCID: PMC3714151.
    92. Taylor AR, Cohen ND, Fletcher S, Griffin JF, Levine JM. Application and machine accuracy of a new frameless computed tomography-guided stereotactic brain biopsy system in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2013 Jul-Aug; 54(4):332-42. PMID: 23551960.
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    93. Joseph EK, Green PG, Bogen O, Alvarez P, Levine JD. Vascular endothelial cells mediate mechanical stimulation-induced enhancement of endothelin hyperalgesia via activation of P2X2/3 receptors on nociceptors. J Neurosci. 2013 Feb 13; 33(7):2849-59. PMID: 23407944; PMCID: PMC3711399.
    94. Ferrari LF, Levine E, Levine JD. Role of a novel nociceptor autocrine mechanism in chronic pain. Eur J Neurosci. 2013 May; 37(10):1705-13. PMID: 23379641.
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    95. Griffin JF, Cohen ND, Young BD, Eichelberger BM, Padua A, Purdy D, Levine JM. Thoracic and lumbar spinal cord diffusion tensor imaging in dogs. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Mar; 37(3):632-41. PMID: 23348907.
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    96. Gear R, Becerra L, Upadhyay J, Bishop J, Wallin D, Pendse G, Levine J, Borsook D. Pain facilitation brain regions activated by nalbuphine are revealed by pharmacological fMRI. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e50169. PMID: 23341872; PMCID: PMC3540048.
    97. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Role of endothelial cells in antihyperalgesia induced by a triptan and ß-blocker. Neuroscience. 2013 Mar 1; 232:83-9. PMID: 23262231; PMCID: PMC3625684.
    98. Miaskowski C, Cooper B, Paul SM, West C, Langford D, Levine JD, Abrams G, Hamolsky D, Dunn L, Dodd M, Neuhaus J, Baggott C, Dhruva A, Schmidt B, Cataldo J, Merriman J, Aouizerat BE. Identification of patient subgroups and risk factors for persistent breast pain following breast cancer surgery. J Pain. 2012 Dec; 13(12):1172-87. PMID: 23182226; PMCID: PMC3511823.
    99. Hendrich J, Alvarez P, Joseph EK, Ferrari LF, Chen X, Levine JD. In vivo and in vitro comparison of female and male nociceptors. J Pain. 2012 Dec; 13(12):1224-31. PMID: 23146406; PMCID: PMC3508307.
    100. Ferrari LF, Levine E, Levine JD. Independent contributions of alcohol and stress axis hormones to painful peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience. 2013 Jan 3; 228:409-17. PMID: 23128028; PMCID: PMC3544550.
    101. Hucho T, Suckow V, Joseph EK, Kuhn J, Schmoranzer J, Dina OA, Chen X, Karst M, Bernateck M, Levine JD, Ropers HH. Ca++/CaMKII switches nociceptor-sensitizing stimuli into desensitizing stimuli. J Neurochem. 2012 Nov; 123(4):589-601. PMID: 22891703.
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    102. Alvarez P, Chen X, Hendrich J, Irwin JC, Green PG, Giudice LC, Levine JD. Ectopic uterine tissue as a chronic pain generator. Neuroscience. 2012 Dec 6; 225:269-82. PMID: 22922120; PMCID: PMC3479308.
    103. Alvarez P, Chen X, Bogen O, Green PG, Levine JD. IB4(+) nociceptors mediate persistent muscle pain induced by GDNF. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Nov; 108(9):2545-53. PMID: 22914655; PMCID: PMC3545184.
    104. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Alessandri-Haber N, Levine E, Gear RW, Levine JD. Transient decrease in nociceptor GRK2 expression produces long-term enhancement in inflammatory pain. Neuroscience. 2012 Oct 11; 222:392-403. PMID: 22796071; PMCID: PMC3433493.
    105. Hendrich J, Alvarez P, Chen X, Levine JD. GDNF induces mechanical hyperalgesia in muscle by reducing I(BK) in isolectin B4-positive nociceptors. Neuroscience. 2012 Sep 6; 219:204-13. PMID: 22704965; PMCID: PMC3404506.
    106. Stephens KE, Miaskowski CA, Levine JD, Pullinger CR, Aouizerat BE. Epigenetic regulation and measurement of epigenetic changes. Biol Res Nurs. 2013 Oct; 15(4):373-81. PMID: 22661641.
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    107. McCann B, Miaskowski C, Koetters T, Baggott C, West C, Levine JD, Elboim C, Abrams G, Hamolsky D, Dunn L, Rugo H, Dodd M, Paul SM, Neuhaus J, Cooper B, Schmidt B, Langford D, Cataldo J, Aouizerat BE. Associations between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine genes and breast pain in women prior to breast cancer surgery. J Pain. 2012 May; 13(5):425-37. PMID: 22515947; PMCID: PMC3348353.
    108. Illi J, Miaskowski C, Cooper B, Levine JD, Dunn L, West C, Dodd M, Dhruva A, Paul SM, Baggott C, Cataldo J, Langford D, Schmidt B, Aouizerat BE. Association between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine genes and a symptom cluster of pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and depression. Cytokine. 2012 Jun; 58(3):437-47. PMID: 22450224; PMCID: PMC3340525.
    109. Witsberger TH, Levine JM, Fosgate GT, Slater MR, Kerwin SC, Russell KE, Levine GJ. Associations between cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and long-term neurologic outcome in dogs with acute intervertebral disk herniation. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Mar 1; 240(5):555-62. PMID: 22332624.
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    110. Oaklander AL, Wilson PR, Moskovitz PA, Manning DC, Lubenow T, Levine JD, Harden RN, Galer BS, Cooper MS, Bruehl S, Broatch J, Berde C, Bennett GJ. Response to "A new definition of neuropathic pain". Pain. 2012 Apr; 153(4):934-5; author reply 935-6. PMID: 22342073.
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    111. Bogen O, Alessandri-Haber N, Chu C, Gear RW, Levine JD. Generation of a pain memory in the primary afferent nociceptor triggered by PKCe activation of CPEB. J Neurosci. 2012 Feb 8; 32(6):2018-26. PMID: 22323716; PMCID: PMC3305286.
    112. Fulkerson CV, Young BD, Jackson ND, Porter B, Levine JM. MRI characteristics of cerebral microbleeds in four dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2012 Jul-Aug; 53(4):389-93. PMID: 22235951.
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    113. Alvarez P, Gear RW, Green PG, Levine JD. IB4-saporin attenuates acute and eliminates chronic muscle pain in the rat. Exp Neurol. 2012 Feb; 233(2):859-65. PMID: 22206923; PMCID: PMC3272112.
    114. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Sexual dimorphism in endothelin-1 induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. Exp Neurol. 2012 Jan; 233(1):505-12. PMID: 22155617; PMCID: PMC3856663.
    115. Hettlich BF, Kerwin SC, Levine JM. Early reherniation of disk material in eleven dogs with surgically treated thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion. Vet Surg. 2012 Feb; 41(2):215-20. PMID: 22103469.
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    116. Vasseur DA, Amarasekare P, Rudolf VH, Levine JM. Eco-Evolutionary dynamics enable coexistence via neighbor-dependent selection. Am Nat. 2011 Nov; 178(5):E96-E109. PMID: 22030739.
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    117. Green PG, Chen X, Alvarez P, Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Early-life stress produces muscle hyperalgesia and nociceptor sensitization in the adult rat. Pain. 2011 Nov; 152(11):2549-56. PMID: 21864980; PMCID: PMC3199316.
    118. Ferrari LF, Chum A, Bogen O, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Role of Drp1, a key mitochondrial fission protein, in neuropathic pain. J Neurosci. 2011 Aug 3; 31(31):11404-10. PMID: 21813700; PMCID: PMC3157245.
    119. Alvarez P, Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Muscle pain in models of chemotherapy-induced and alcohol-induced peripheral neuropathy. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jul; 70(1):101-9. PMID: 21786301; PMCID: PMC3145965.
    120. Goswami C, Kuhn J, Dina OA, Fernández-Ballester G, Levine JD, Ferrer-Montiel A, Hucho T. Estrogen destabilizes microtubules through an ion-conductivity-independent TRPV1 pathway. J Neurochem. 2011 Jun; 117(6):995-1008. PMID: 21480900.
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    121. Chu C, Levine E, Gear RW, Bogen O, Levine JD. Mitochondrial dependence of nerve growth factor-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Pain. 2011 Aug; 152(8):1832-7. PMID: 21570183; PMCID: PMC3161405.
    122. Chen X, Green PG, Levine JD. Abnormal muscle afferent function in a model of Taxol chemotherapy-induced painful neuropathy. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Jul; 106(1):274-9. PMID: 21562188; PMCID: PMC3129739.
    123. Chen X, Green PG, Levine JD. Stress enhances muscle nociceptor activity in the rat. Neuroscience. 2011 Jun 30; 185:166-73. PMID: 21513773; PMCID: PMC3101313.
    124. Green PG, Alvarez P, Gear RW, Mendoza D, Levine JD. Further validation of a model of fibromyalgia syndrome in the rat. J Pain. 2011 Jul; 12(7):811-8. PMID: 21481648; PMCID: PMC3130888.
    125. Gear RW, Levine JD. Nucleus accumbens facilitates nociception. Exp Neurol. 2011 Jun; 229(2):502-6. PMID: 21458450; PMCID: PMC3100434.
    126. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Porter BF, Topp K, Noble-Haeusslein LJ. Naturally occurring disk herniation in dogs: an opportunity for pre-clinical spinal cord injury research. J Neurotrauma. 2011 Apr; 28(4):675-88. PMID: 21438715; PMCID: PMC3070145.
    127. Dina OA, Levine JD, Green PG. Enhanced cytokine-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in skeletal muscle produced by a novel mechanism in rats exposed to unpredictable sound stress. Eur J Pain. 2011 Sep; 15(8):796-800. PMID: 21419675; PMCID: PMC3123688.
    128. Bolnick DI, Amarasekare P, Araújo MS, Bürger R, Levine JM, Novak M, Rudolf VH, Schreiber SJ, Urban MC, Vasseur DA. Why intraspecific trait variation matters in community ecology. Trends Ecol Evol. 2011 Apr; 26(4):183-92. PMID: 21367482; PMCID: PMC3088364.
    129. Blair WH, Levine JM, Kerwin SC, Spaulding KA, Young BD, Pool RR. Imaging diagnosis-synovial myxoma of lumbar vertebrae articular process joint. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2011 May-Jun; 52(3):309-12. PMID: 21554479.
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    130. Joseph EK, Gear RW, Levine JD. Mechanical stimulation enhances endothelin-1 hyperalgesia. Neuroscience. 2011 Mar 31; 178:189-95. PMID: 21277948; PMCID: PMC3049981.
    131. Park CJ, Zhao Z, Glidewell-Kenney C, Lazic M, Chambon P, Krust A, Weiss J, Clegg DJ, Dunaif A, Jameson JL, Levine JE. Genetic rescue of nonclassical ERa signaling normalizes energy balance in obese Era-null mutant mice. J Clin Invest. 2011 Feb; 121(2):604-12. PMID: 21245576; PMCID: PMC3026715.
    132. Reichling DB, Levine JD. Pain and death: neurodegenerative disease mechanisms in the nociceptor. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jan; 69(1):13-21. PMID: 21280072.
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    133. Andres C, Meyer S, Dina OA, Levine JD, Hucho T. Quantitative automated microscopy (QuAM) elucidates growth factor specific signalling in pain sensitization. Mol Pain. 2010; 6:98. PMID: 21187008; PMCID: PMC3023724.
    134. Lazic M, Aird F, Levine J, Dunaif A. Prenatal androgen treatment alters body composition and glucose homeostasis in male rats. J Endocrinol. 2011 Mar; 208(3):293-300. PMID: 21173020; PMCID: PMC3039067.
    135. Mayer C, Acosta-Martinez M, Dubois SL, Wolfe A, Radovick S, Boehm U, Levine JE. Timing and completion of puberty in female mice depend on estrogen receptor alpha-signaling in kisspeptin neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 28; 107(52):22693-8. PMID: 21149719; PMCID: PMC3012491.
    136. Cooper JJ, Young BD, Hoffman A, Bratton G, Hicks DG, Tidwell A, Levine JM. Intracranial magnetic resonance imaging artifacts and pseudolesions in dogs and cats. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2010 Nov-Dec; 51(6):587-95. PMID: 21158228.
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    137. Ferrari LF, Gear RW, Levine JD. Attenuation of activity in an endogenous analgesia circuit by ongoing pain in the rat. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13; 30(41):13699-706. PMID: 20943910; PMCID: PMC2970511.
    138. Levine JM, Scrivani PV, Divers TJ, Furr M, Mayhew IJ, Reed S, Levine GJ, Foreman JH, Boudreau C, Credille BC, Tennent-Brown B, Cohen ND. Multicenter case-control study of signalment, diagnostic features, and outcome associated with cervical vertebral malformation-malarticulation in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Oct 1; 237(7):812-22. PMID: 20919847.
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    139. Chen X, Green PG, Levine JD. Neuropathic pain-like alterations in muscle nociceptor function associated with vibration-induced muscle pain. Pain. 2010 Nov; 151(2):460-6. PMID: 20800357; PMCID: PMC2932645.
    140. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Mu and delta opioid receptors on nociceptors attenuate mechanical hyperalgesia in rat. Neuroscience. 2010 Nov 24; 171(1):344-50. PMID: 20736053; PMCID: PMC2956864.
    141. Ferrari LF, Levine JD. Alcohol consumption enhances antiretroviral painful peripheral neuropathy by mitochondrial mechanisms. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Sep; 32(5):811-8. PMID: 20726883; PMCID: PMC2974761.
    142. Alvarez P, Levine JD, Green PG. Eccentric exercise induces chronic alterations in musculoskeletal nociception in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Sep; 32(5):819-25. PMID: 20726881; PMCID: PMC2974795.
    143. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Hyperalgesic priming is restricted to isolectin B4-positive nociceptors. Neuroscience. 2010 Aug 11; 169(1):431-5. PMID: 20457222; PMCID: PMC2903040.
    144. Hettlich BF, Fosgate GT, Levine JM, Young BD, Kerwin SC, Walker M, Griffin J, Maierl J. Accuracy of conventional radiography and computed tomography in predicting implant position in relation to the vertebral canal in dogs. Vet Surg. 2010 Aug; 39(6):680-7. PMID: 20459486.
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    145. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Multiple PKCe-dependent mechanisms mediating mechanical hyperalgesia. Pain. 2010 Jul; 150(1):17-21. PMID: 20456866; PMCID: PMC2916056.
    146. Joseph EK, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Shared mechanisms for opioid tolerance and a transition to chronic pain. J Neurosci. 2010 Mar 31; 30(13):4660-6. PMID: 20357116; PMCID: PMC2857996.
    147. Dewey CW, Cerda-Gonzalez S, Fletcher DJ, Harb-Hauser MF, Levine JM, Badgley BL, Olby NJ, Shelton GD. Mycophenolate mofetil treatment in dogs with serologically diagnosed acquired myasthenia gravis: 27 cases (1999-2008). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Mar 15; 236(6):664-8. PMID: 20225980.
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    148. Snyder K, Saunders AB, Levine JM, Clubb FJ. Arrhythmias and elevated troponin I in a dog with steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2010 Jan-Feb; 46(1):61-5. PMID: 20045839.
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    149. Cooper JJ, Levine JM, Young BD, Hicks DG, Hoffman A, Bratton G. Imaging diagnosis--magnetic resonance imaging pseudolesion associated with the petrous temporal bone. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2010 Jan-Feb; 51(1):39-41. PMID: 20166391.
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    150. Dewey CW, Cerda-Gonzalez S, Levine JM, Badgley BL, Ducoté JM, Silver GM, Cooper JJ, Packer RA, Lavely JA. Pregabalin as an adjunct to phenobarbital, potassium bromide, or a combination of phenobarbital and potassium bromide for treatment of dogs with suspected idiopathic epilepsy. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009 Dec 15; 235(12):1442-9. PMID: 20001779.
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    151. Dina OA, Joseph EK, Levine JD, Green PG. Mechanisms mediating vibration-induced chronic musculoskeletal pain analyzed in the rat. J Pain. 2010 Apr; 11(4):369-77. PMID: 19962353; PMCID: PMC2847637.
    152. Ferrari LF, Bogen O, Levine JD. Nociceptor subpopulations involved in hyperalgesic priming. Neuroscience. 2010 Feb 3; 165(3):896-901. PMID: 19931357; PMCID: PMC2815163.
    153. Schatzberg SJ, Li Q, Porter BF, Barber RM, Claiborne MK, Levine JM, Levine GJ, Israel SK, Young BD, Kiupel M, Greene C, Ruone S, Anderson L, Tong S. Broadly reactive pan-paramyxovirus reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis for the detection of Canine distemper virus in a case of canine meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2009 Nov; 21(6):844-9. PMID: 19901287.
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    154. Reichling DB, Levine JD. Critical role of nociceptor plasticity in chronic pain. Trends Neurosci. 2009 Dec; 32(12):611-8. PMID: 19781793; PMCID: PMC2787756.
    155. Gear RW, Levine JD. Rostral ventral medulla cholinergic mechanism in pain-induced analgesia. Neurosci Lett. 2009 Oct 30; 464(3):170-2. PMID: 19699268; PMCID: PMC2756415.
    156. Gottsch ML, Navarro VM, Zhao Z, Glidewell-Kenney C, Weiss J, Jameson JL, Clifton DK, Levine JE, Steiner RA. Regulation of Kiss1 and dynorphin gene expression in the murine brain by classical and nonclassical estrogen receptor pathways. J Neurosci. 2009 Jul 22; 29(29):9390-5. PMID: 19625529; PMCID: PMC2819182.
    157. Khasar SG, Dina OA, Green PG, Levine JD. Sound stress-induced long-term enhancement of mechanical hyperalgesia in rats is maintained by sympathoadrenal catecholamines. J Pain. 2009 Oct; 10(10):1073-7. PMID: 19576859; PMCID: PMC2757466.
    158. Acosta-Martínez M, Luo J, Elias C, Wolfe A, Levine JE. Male-biased effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron-specific deletion of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase regulatory subunit p85alpha on the reproductive axis. Endocrinology. 2009 Sep; 150(9):4203-12. PMID: 19541766; PMCID: PMC2736084.
    159. Alessandri-Haber N, Dina OA, Chen X, Levine JD. TRPC1 and TRPC6 channels cooperate with TRPV4 to mediate mechanical hyperalgesia and nociceptor sensitization. J Neurosci. 2009 May 13; 29(19):6217-28. PMID: 19439599; PMCID: PMC2726836.
    160. Israel SK, Levine JM, Kerwin SC, Levine GJ, Fosgate GT. The relative sensitivity of computed tomography and myelography for identification of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniations in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2009 May-Jun; 50(3):247-52. PMID: 19507385.
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    161. Tambeli CH, Levine JD, Gear RW. Centralization of noxious stimulus-induced analgesia (NSIA) is related to activity at inhibitory synapses in the spinal cord. Pain. 2009 Jun; 143(3):228-32. PMID: 19375225; PMCID: PMC2693265.
    162. Zhao Z, Park C, McDevitt MA, Glidewell-Kenney C, Chambon P, Weiss J, Jameson JL, Levine JE. p21-Activated kinase mediates rapid estradiol-negative feedback actions in the reproductive axis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Apr 28; 106(17):7221-6. PMID: 19359483.
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    163. Levine GJ, Levine JM, Budke CM, Kerwin SC, Au J, Vinayak A, Hettlich BF, Slater MR. Description and repeatability of a newly developed spinal cord injury scale for dogs. Prev Vet Med. 2009 May 1; 89(1-2):121-7. PMID: 19303151.
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    164. Dina OA, Khasar SG, Gear RW, Levine JD. Activation of Gi induces mechanical hyperalgesia poststress or inflammation. Neuroscience. 2009 May 5; 160(2):501-7. PMID: 19275929; PMCID: PMC2673984.
    165. Griffin JF, Young BD, Levine JM. Imaging diagnosis--chronic canine distemper meningoencephalitis. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2009 Mar-Apr; 50(2):182-4. PMID: 19400465.
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    166. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Comparison of oxaliplatin- and cisplatin-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. J Pain. 2009 May; 10(5):534-41. PMID: 19231296; PMCID: PMC2741410.
    167. Bogen O, Dina OA, Gear RW, Levine JD. Dependence of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 induced hyperalgesia on the isolectin B4-binding protein versican. Neuroscience. 2009 Mar 17; 159(2):780-6. PMID: 19167466; PMCID: PMC2684808.
    168. Levine JM, Ngheim PP, Levine GJ, Cohen ND. Associations of sex, breed, and age with cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy in horses: 811 cases (1974-2007). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008 Nov 1; 233(9):1453-8. PMID: 18980501.
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    169. Brown AS, Levine JD, Green PG. Sexual dimorphism in the effect of sound stress on neutrophil function. J Neuroimmunol. 2008 Dec 15; 205(1-2):25-31. PMID: 18838177.
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    170. McDevitt MA, Thorsness RJ, Levine JE. A role for ATP-sensitive potassium channels in male sexual behavior. Horm Behav. 2009 Feb; 55(2):366-74. PMID: 18950632.
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    171. Budke CM, Levine JM, Kerwin SC, Levine GJ, Hettlich BF, Slater MR. Evaluation of a questionnaire for obtaining owner-perceived, weighted quality-of-life assessments for dogs with spinal cord injuries. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008 Sep 15; 233(6):925-30. PMID: 18795853.
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    172. Levine JM, Budke CM, Levine GJ, Kerwin SC, Hettlich BF, Slater MR. Owner-perceived, weighted quality-of-life assessments in dogs with spinal cord injuries. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008 Sep 15; 233(6):931-5. PMID: 18795855.
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    173. Dina OA, Khasar SG, Alessandri-Haber N, Bogen O, Chen X, Green PG, Reichling DB, Messing RO, Levine JD. Neurotoxic catecholamine metabolite in nociceptors contributes to painful peripheral neuropathy. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Sep; 28(6):1180-90. PMID: 18783367; PMCID: PMC2746092.
    174. Bogen O, Joseph EK, Chen X, Levine JD. GDNF hyperalgesia is mediated by PLCgamma, MAPK/ERK, PI3K, CDK5 and Src family kinase signaling and dependent on the IB4-binding protein versican. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Jul; 28(1):12-9. PMID: 18616564; PMCID: PMC2660608.
    175. Baltzer WI, McMichael MA, Hosgood GL, Kerwin SC, Levine JM, Steiner JM, Ruaux CG. Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial of N-acetylcysteine in dogs with spinal cord trauma from acute intervertebral disc disease. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jun 1; 33(13):1397-402. PMID: 18520934.
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    176. Khasar SG, Burkham J, Dina OA, Brown AS, Bogen O, Alessandri-Haber N, Green PG, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Stress induces a switch of intracellular signaling in sensory neurons in a model of generalized pain. J Neurosci. 2008 May 28; 28(22):5721-30. PMID: 18509033; PMCID: PMC2518401.
    177. Kuhn J, Dina OA, Goswami C, Suckow V, Levine JD, Hucho T. GPR30 estrogen receptor agonists induce mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 27(7):1700-9. PMID: 18371086.
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    178. Joseph EK, Chen X, Bogen O, Levine JD. Oxaliplatin acts on IB4-positive nociceptors to induce an oxidative stress-dependent acute painful peripheral neuropathy. J Pain. 2008 May; 9(5):463-72. PMID: 18359667.
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    179. Dina OA, Levine JD, Green PG. Muscle inflammation induces a protein kinase Cepsilon-dependent chronic-latent muscle pain. J Pain. 2008 May; 9(5):457-62. PMID: 18342576; PMCID: PMC2424185.
    180. Sughrue ME, Levine J, Barbaro NM. Pain as a symptom of peripheral nerve sheath tumors: clinical significance and future therapeutic directions. J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj. 2008; 3:6. PMID: 18312658; PMCID: PMC2291052.
    181. Huang W, Acosta-Martínez M, Levine JE. Ovarian steroids stimulate adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel subunit gene expression and confer responsiveness of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone pulse generator to KATP channel modulation. Endocrinology. 2008 May; 149(5):2423-32. PMID: 18258681; PMCID: PMC2329280.
    182. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Boozer L, Schatzberg SJ, Platt SR, Kent M, Kerwin SC, Fosgate GT. Adverse effects and outcome associated with dexamethasone administration in dogs with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation: 161 cases (2000-2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008 Feb 1; 232(3):411-7. PMID: 18241109.
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    183. Alessandri-Haber N, Dina OA, Joseph EK, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Interaction of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4, integrin, and SRC tyrosine kinase in mechanical hyperalgesia. J Neurosci. 2008 Jan 30; 28(5):1046-57. PMID: 18234883.
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    184. Gear RW, Gordon NC, Hossaini-Zadeh M, Lee JS, Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Levine JD. A subanalgesic dose of morphine eliminates nalbuphine anti-analgesia in postoperative pain. J Pain. 2008 Apr; 9(4):337-41. PMID: 18201935; PMCID: PMC2364600.
    185. Dina OA, Green PG, Levine JD. Role of interleukin-6 in chronic muscle hyperalgesic priming. Neuroscience. 2008 Mar 18; 152(2):521-5. PMID: 18280048; PMCID: PMC2336107.
    186. Dina OA, Khasar SG, Alessandri-Haber N, Green PG, Messing RO, Levine JD. Alcohol-induced stress in painful alcoholic neuropathy. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Jan; 27(1):83-92. PMID: 18093169.
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    187. Chen X, Alessandri-Haber N, Levine JD. Marked attenuation of inflammatory mediator-induced C-fiber sensitization for mechanical and hypotonic stimuli in TRPV4-/- mice. Mol Pain. 2007; 3:31. PMID: 17967183; PMCID: PMC2173885.
    188. Belay AT, Scheiner R, So AK, Douglas SJ, Chakaborty-Chatterjee M, Levine JD, Sokolowski MB. The foraging gene of Drosophila melanogaster: spatial-expression analysis and sucrose responsiveness. J Comp Neurol. 2007 Oct 10; 504(5):570-82. PMID: 17701979.
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    189. Zhang C, Bosch MA, Levine JE, Rønnekleiv OK, Kelly MJ. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons express K(ATP) channels that are regulated by estrogen and responsive to glucose and metabolic inhibition. J Neurosci. 2007 Sep 19; 27(38):10153-64. PMID: 17881521.
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    190. Gordon AT, Levine JD, Dubois MY, D'Angelo R, Conlon AM, Levacic D, Lebovits A. Open-label exploration of an intravenous nalbuphine and naloxone mixture as an analgesic agent following gynecologic surgery. Pain Med. 2007 Sep; 8(6):525-30. PMID: 17716327.
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    191. Summer GJ, Dina OA, Levine JD. Enhanced inflammatory hyperalgesia after recovery from burn injury. Burns. 2007 Dec; 33(8):1021-6. PMID: 17707592.
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    192. Hucho T, Levine JD. Signaling pathways in sensitization: toward a nociceptor cell biology. Neuron. 2007 Aug 2; 55(3):365-76. PMID: 17678851.
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    193. McDevitt MA, Glidewell-Kenney C, Weiss J, Chambon P, Jameson JL, Levine JE. Estrogen response element-independent estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha signaling does not rescue sexual behavior but restores normal testosterone secretion in male ERalpha knockout mice. Endocrinology. 2007 Nov; 148(11):5288-94. PMID: 17673514.
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    194. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Johnson SI, Kerwin SC, Hettlich BF, Fosgate GT. Evaluation of the success of medical management for presumptive thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation in dogs. Vet Surg. 2007 Jul; 36(5):482-91. PMID: 17614930.
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    195. Levine JM, Adam E, MacKay RJ, Walker MA, Frederick JD, Cohen ND. Confirmed and presumptive cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy in older horses: a retrospective study (1992-2004). J Vet Intern Med. 2007 Jul-Aug; 21(4):812-9. PMID: 17708404.
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    196. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Johnson SI, Kerwin SC, Hettlich BF, Fosgate GT. Evaluation of the success of medical management for presumptive cervical intervertebral disk herniation in dogs. Vet Surg. 2007 Jul; 36(5):492-9. PMID: 17614931.
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    197. Summer GJ, Romero-Sandoval EA, Bogen O, Dina OA, Khasar SG, Levine JD. Proinflammatory cytokines mediating burn-injury pain. Pain. 2008 Mar; 135(1-2):98-107. PMID: 17590515.
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    198. de Coupade C, Brown AS, Dazin PF, Levine JD, Green PG. beta(2)-Adrenergic receptor-dependent sexual dimorphism for murine leukocyte migration. J Neuroimmunol. 2007 May; 186(1-2):54-62. PMID: 17442405; PMCID: PMC1994158.
    199. Summer GJ, Puntillo KA, Miaskowski C, Green PG, Levine JD. Burn injury pain: the continuing challenge. J Pain. 2007 Jul; 8(7):533-48. PMID: 17434800.
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    200. Joseph EK, Bogen O, Alessandri-Haber N, Levine JD. PLC-beta 3 signals upstream of PKC epsilon in acute and chronic inflammatory hyperalgesia. Pain. 2007 Nov; 132(1-2):67-73. PMID: 17350763.
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    201. Chen X, Levine JD. Mechanically-evoked C-fiber activity in painful alcohol and AIDS therapy neuropathy in the rat. Mol Pain. 2007; 3:5. PMID: 17319957; PMCID: PMC1819368.
    202. Levine JD, Alessandri-Haber N. TRP channels: targets for the relief of pain. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Aug; 1772(8):989-1003. PMID: 17321113.
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    203. Dina OA, Gear RW, Messing RO, Levine JD. Severity of alcohol-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in female rats: role of estrogen and protein kinase (A and Cepsilon). Neuroscience. 2007 Mar 2; 145(1):350-6. PMID: 17204374; PMCID: PMC1817724.
    204. Summer GJ, Puntillo KA, Miaskowski C, Dina OA, Green PG, Levine JD. TrkA and PKC-epsilon in thermal burn-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. J Pain. 2006 Dec; 7(12):884-91. PMID: 17157774.
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    205. Grant AD, Cottrell GS, Amadesi S, Trevisani M, Nicoletti P, Materazzi S, Altier C, Cenac N, Zamponi GW, Bautista-Cruz F, Lopez CB, Joseph EK, Levine JD, Liedtke W, Vanner S, Vergnolle N, Geppetti P, Bunnett NW. Protease-activated receptor 2 sensitizes the transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 ion channel to cause mechanical hyperalgesia in mice. J Physiol. 2007 Feb 1; 578(Pt 3):715-33. PMID: 17124270; PMCID: PMC2151332.
    206. Levine GJ, Bissett WT, Cole RC, Janke JJ, Nunes J, Porter B, Levine JM. Imaging diagnosis--bacterial diskospondylitis in a goat. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2006 Oct-Nov; 47(6):585-8. PMID: 17153069.
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    207. Paredes J, Szeto A, Levine JE, Zaias J, Gonzales JA, Mendez AJ, Llabre MM, Schneiderman N, McCabe PM. Social experience influences hypothalamic oxytocin in the WHHL rabbit. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2006 Oct; 31(9):1062-75. PMID: 16963189.
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    208. McCarter GC, Levine JD. Ionic basis of a mechanotransduction current in adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Mol Pain. 2006; 2:28. PMID: 16923187; PMCID: PMC1563451.
    209. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Kerwin SC, Hettlich BF, Fosgate GT. Association between various physical factors and acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion in Dachshunds. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Aug 1; 229(3):370-5. PMID: 16881827.
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    210. Hucho TB, Dina OA, Kuhn J, Levine JD. Estrogen controls PKCepsilon-dependent mechanical hyperalgesia through direct action on nociceptive neurons. Eur J Neurosci. 2006 Jul; 24(2):527-34. PMID: 16836642.
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    211. Dina OA, Messing RO, Levine JD. Ethanol withdrawal induces hyperalgesia mediated by PKCepsilon. Eur J Neurosci. 2006 Jul; 24(1):197-204. PMID: 16800864.
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    212. Levine JD, Khasar SG, Green PG. Neurogenic inflammation and arthritis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Jun; 1069:155-67. PMID: 16855143.
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    213. Alessandri-Haber N, Dina OA, Joseph EK, Reichling D, Levine JD. A transient receptor potential vanilloid 4-dependent mechanism of hyperalgesia is engaged by concerted action of inflammatory mediators. J Neurosci. 2006 Apr 5; 26(14):3864-74. PMID: 16597741.
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    214. Gear RW, Lee JS, Miaskowski C, Gordon NC, Paul SM, Levine JD. Neuroleptics antagonize nalbuphine antianalgesia. J Pain. 2006 Mar; 7(3):187-91. PMID: 16516824.
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    215. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Mitochondrial electron transport in models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain. Pain. 2006 Mar; 121(1-2):105-14. PMID: 16472913.
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    216. Levine J, Ruaux CG, Bergman RL, Coates JR, Steiner JM, Williams DA. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity in the cerebrospinal fluid and serum of dogs with acute spinal cord trauma from intervertebral disk disease. Am J Vet Res. 2006 Feb; 67(2):283-7. PMID: 16454634.
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    217. Levine GJ, Levine JM, Walker MA, Pool RR, Fosgate GT. Evaluation of the association between spondylosis deformans and clinical signs of intervertebral disk disease in dogs: 172 cases (1999-2000). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Jan 1; 228(1):96-100. PMID: 16426177.
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    218. Alessandri-Haber N, Joseph E, Dina OA, Liedtke W, Levine JD. TRPV4 mediates pain-related behavior induced by mild hypertonic stimuli in the presence of inflammatory mediator. Pain. 2005 Nov; 118(1-2):70-9. PMID: 16213085.
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    219. Foecking EM, Levine JE. Effects of experimental hyperandrogenemia on the female rat reproductive axis: suppression of progesterone-receptor messenger RNA expression in the brain and blockade of luteinizing hormone surges. Gend Med. 2005 Sep; 2(3):155-65. PMID: 16290888.
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    220. Levine JD, Reichling DB. Fibromyalgia: the nerve of that disease. J Rheumatol Suppl. 2005 Aug; 75:29-37. PMID: 16078358.
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    221. Barker LA, Dazin PF, Levine JD, Green PG. Sympathoadrenal-dependent sexually dimorphic effect of nonhabituating stress on in vivo neutrophil recruitment in the rat. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Aug; 145(7):872-9. PMID: 15912135; PMCID: PMC1576213.
    222. Chen X, Levine JD. Epinephrine-induced excitation and sensitization of rat C-fiber nociceptors. J Pain. 2005 Jul; 6(7):439-46. PMID: 15993822.
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    223. Khasar SG, Green PG, Levine JD. Repeated sound stress enhances inflammatory pain in the rat. Pain. 2005 Jul; 116(1-2):79-86. PMID: 15936144.
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    224. Hucho TB, Dina OA, Levine JD. Epac mediates a cAMP-to-PKC signaling in inflammatory pain: an isolectin B4(+) neuron-specific mechanism. J Neurosci. 2005 Jun 29; 25(26):6119-26. PMID: 15987941.
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    225. Khasar SG, Dina OA, Green PG, Levine JD. Estrogen regulates adrenal medullary function producing sexual dimorphism in nociceptive threshold and beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated hyperalgesia in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Jun; 21(12):3379-86. PMID: 16026475.
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    226. Malik-Hall M, Dina OA, Levine JD. Primary afferent nociceptor mechanisms mediating NGF-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Jun; 21(12):3387-94. PMID: 16026476.
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    227. Dina OA, Hucho T, Yeh J, Malik-Hall M, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Primary afferent second messenger cascades interact with specific integrin subunits in producing inflammatory hyperalgesia. Pain. 2005 May; 115(1-2):191-203. PMID: 15836982.
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    228. Foecking EM, Szabo M, Schwartz NB, Levine JE. Neuroendocrine consequences of prenatal androgen exposure in the female rat: absence of luteinizing hormone surges, suppression of progesterone receptor gene expression, and acceleration of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone pulse generator. Biol Reprod. 2005 Jun; 72(6):1475-83. PMID: 15744016.
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    229. Green PG, Levine JD. Sexual dimorphism in the effect of nonhabituating stress on neurogenic plasma extravasation. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Jan; 21(2):486-92. PMID: 15673447.
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    230. Parada CA, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Chronic hyperalgesic priming in the rat involves a novel interaction between cAMP and PKCepsilon second messenger pathways. Pain. 2005 Jan; 113(1-2):185-90. PMID: 15621379.
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    231. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Caspase signalling in neuropathic and inflammatory pain in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 20(11):2896-902. PMID: 15579143.
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    232. Eilers H, Trilk SL, Lee SY, Xue Q, Jong BE, Moff I, Levine JD, Schumacher MA. Isolation of an mRNA binding protein homologue that is expressed in nociceptors. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Nov; 20(9):2283-93. PMID: 15525270.
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    233. de Coupade C, Gear RW, Dazin PF, Sroussi HY, Green PG, Levine JD. Beta 2-adrenergic receptor regulation of human neutrophil function is sexually dimorphic. Br J Pharmacol. 2004 Dec; 143(8):1033-41. PMID: 15477226; PMCID: PMC1575953.
    234. Alessandri-Haber N, Dina OA, Yeh JJ, Parada CA, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 is essential in chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain in the rat. J Neurosci. 2004 May 5; 24(18):4444-52. PMID: 15128858.
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    235. Dina OA, Parada CA, Yeh J, Chen X, McCarter GC, Levine JD. Integrin signaling in inflammatory and neuropathic pain in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Feb; 19(3):634-42. PMID: 14984413.
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    236. Hill JW, Urban JH, Xu M, Levine JE. Estrogen Induces Neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor gene expression and responsiveness to NPY in gonadotrope-enriched pituitary cell cultures. Endocrinology. 2004 May; 145(5):2283-90. PMID: 14726443.
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    237. Joseph EK, Chen X, Khasar SG, Levine JD. Novel mechanism of enhanced nociception in a model of AIDS therapy-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. Pain. 2004 Jan; 107(1-2):147-58. PMID: 14715401.
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    238. Miao FJ, Green PG, Levine JD. Mechanosensitive duodenal afferents contribute to vagal modulation of inflammation in the rat. J Physiol. 2004 Jan 1; 554(Pt 1):227-35. PMID: 14678504; PMCID: PMC1664747.
    239. Miao FJ, Green PG, Benowitz N, Levine JD. Central terminals of nociceptors are targets for nicotine suppression of inflammation. Neuroscience. 2004; 123(3):777-84. PMID: 14706790.
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    240. Tambeli CH, Quang P, Levine JD, Gear RW. Contribution of spinal inhibitory receptors in heterosegmental antinociception induced by noxious stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Dec; 18(11):2999-3006. PMID: 14656295.
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    241. Gear RW, Gordon NC, Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Heller PH, Levine JD. Dose ratio is important in maximizing naloxone enhancement of nalbuphine analgesia in humans. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Nov 6; 351(1):5-8. PMID: 14550900.
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    242. Tambeli CH, Young A, Levine JD, Gear RW. Contribution of spinal glutamatergic mechanisms in heterosegmental antinociception induced by noxious stimulation. Pain. 2003 Nov; 106(1-2):173-9. PMID: 14581125.
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    243. Miao FJ, Green P, Benowitz N, Levine JD. Vagal modulation of spinal nicotine-induced inhibition of the inflammatory response mediated by descending antinociceptive controls. Neuropharmacology. 2003 Oct; 45(5):605-11. PMID: 12941374.
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    244. Joseph EK, Parada CA, Levine JD. Hyperalgesic priming in the rat demonstrates marked sexual dimorphism. Pain. 2003 Sep; 105(1-2):143-50. PMID: 14499430.
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    245. Dina OA, McCarter GC, de Coupade C, Levine JD. Role of the sensory neuron cytoskeleton in second messenger signaling for inflammatory pain. Neuron. 2003 Aug 14; 39(4):613-24. PMID: 12925276.
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    246. de Coupade C, Solito E, Levine JD. Dexamethasone enhances interaction of endogenous annexin 1 with L-selectin and triggers shedding of L-selectin in the monocytic cell line U-937. Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Sep; 140(1):133-45. PMID: 12967943; PMCID: PMC1574011.
    247. Alessandri-Haber N, Yeh JJ, Boyd AE, Parada CA, Chen X, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Hypotonicity induces TRPV4-mediated nociception in rat. Neuron. 2003 Jul 31; 39(3):497-511. PMID: 12895423.
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    248. Khasar SG, Gear RW, Levine JD. Absence of nalbuphine anti-analgesia in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Jul 24; 345(3):165-8. PMID: 12842282.
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    249. Schmidt BL, Gear RW, Levine JD. Response of neuropathic trigeminal pain to the combination of low-dose nalbuphine plus naloxone in humans. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Jun 5; 343(2):144-6. PMID: 12759184.
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    250. Khasar SG, Miao FJ, Gear RW, Green PG, Levine JD. Vagal modulation of bradykinin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the female rat. J Pain. 2003 Jun; 4(5):278-83. PMID: 14622697.
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    251. Khasar SG, Green PG, Gear RW, Isenberg W, Levine JD. Gonadal hormones do not account for sexual dimorphism in vagal modulation of nociception in the rat. J Pain. 2003 May; 4(4):190-6. PMID: 14622703.
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    252. Parada CA, Yeh JJ, Joseph EK, Levine JD. Tumor necrosis factor receptor type-1 in sensory neurons contributes to induction of chronic enhancement of inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2003 May; 17(9):1847-52. PMID: 12752784.
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    253. Schmidt BL, Tambeli CH, Levine JD, Gear RW. Adaptations in nucleus accumbens circuitry during opioid withdrawal associated with persistence of noxious stimulus-induced antinociception in the rat. J Pain. 2003 Apr; 4(3):141-7. PMID: 14622711.
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    254. Gear RW, Gordon NC, Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Heller PH, Levine JD. Sexual dimorphism in very low dose nalbuphine postoperative analgesia. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Mar 13; 339(1):1-4. PMID: 12618286.
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    255. Khasar SG, Green PG, Miao FJ, Levine JD. Vagal modulation of nociception is mediated by adrenomedullary epinephrine in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Feb; 17(4):909-15. PMID: 12603283.
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    256. Strausbaugh HJ, Green PG, Dallman MF, Levine JD. Repeated, non-habituating stress suppresses inflammatory plasma extravasation by a novel, sympathoadrenal dependent mechanism. Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Feb; 17(4):805-12. PMID: 12603270.
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    257. Harris GC, Levine JE. Pubertal acceleration of pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone release in male rats as revealed by microdialysis. Endocrinology. 2003 Jan; 144(1):163-71. PMID: 12488342.
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    258. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Sexual dimorphism for protein kinase c epsilon signaling in a rat model of vincristine-induced painful peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience. 2003; 119(3):831-8. PMID: 12809704.
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    259. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Jasmin L, Levine JD. Blockade of nociceptive inhibition of plasma extravasation by opioid stimulation of the periaqueductal gray and its interaction with vagus-induced inhibition in the rat. Neuroscience. 2003; 119(3):875-85. PMID: 12809707.
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    260. Tanner KD, Reichling DB, Gear RW, Paul SM, Levine JD. Altered temporal pattern of evoked afferent activity in a rat model of vincristine-induced painful peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience. 2003; 118(3):809-17. PMID: 12710988.
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    261. Chen X, Levine JD. Altered temporal pattern of mechanically evoked C-fiber activity in a model of diabetic neuropathy in the rat. Neuroscience. 2003; 121(4):1007-15. PMID: 14580951.
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    262. Parada CA, Yeh JJ, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Transient attenuation of protein kinase Cepsilon can terminate a chronic hyperalgesic state in the rat. Neuroscience. 2003; 120(1):219-26. PMID: 12849754.
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    263. Thompson CA, Russell KE, Levine JM, Weeks BR. Cerebrospinal fluid from a dog with neurologic collapse. Vet Clin Pathol. 2003; 32(3):143-6. PMID: 12966466.
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    264. Khasar SG, Reichling DB, Green PG, Isenberg WM, Levine JD. Fasting is a physiological stimulus of vagus-mediated enhancement of nociception in the female rat. Neuroscience. 2003; 119(1):215-21. PMID: 12763082.
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    265. Joseph EK, Levine JD. Sexual dimorphism in the contribution of protein kinase C isoforms to nociception in the streptozotocin diabetic rat. Neuroscience. 2003; 120(4):907-13. PMID: 12927197.
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    266. Aley O, Levine JD. Contribution of 5- and 12-lipoxygenase products to mechanical hyperalgesia induced by prostaglandin E(2) and epinephrine in the rat. Exp Brain Res. 2003 Feb; 148(4):482-7. PMID: 12582831.
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    267. Baron R, Fields HL, Jänig W, Kitt C, Levine JD. National Institutes of Health Workshop: reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndromes--state-of-the-science. Anesth Analg. 2002 Dec; 95(6):1812-6. PMID: 12456464.
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    268. Levine JM, Rees M. Coexistence and relative abundance in annual plant assemblages: the roles of competition and colonization. Am Nat. 2002 Oct; 160(4):452-67. PMID: 18707522.
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    269. Khasar SG, Miao FJ, Gear RW, Green PG, Isenberg WM, Levine JD. Sympathetic-independent bradykinin mechanical hyperalgesia induced by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy in the rat. J Pain. 2002 Oct; 3(5):369-76. PMID: 14622740.
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    270. Tambeli CH, Parada CA, Levine JD, Gear RW. Inhibition of tonic spinal glutamatergic activity induces antinociception in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2002 Oct; 16(8):1547-53. PMID: 12405969.
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    271. Schmidt BL, Tambeli CH, Barletta J, Luo L, Green P, Levine JD, Gear RW. Altered nucleus accumbens circuitry mediates pain-induced antinociception in morphine-tolerant rats. J Neurosci. 2002 Aug 1; 22(15):6773-80. PMID: 12151557.
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    272. Shin J, Cho H, Hwang SW, Jung J, Shin CY, Lee SY, Kim SH, Lee MG, Choi YH, Kim J, Haber NA, Reichling DB, Khasar S, Levine JD, Oh U. Bradykinin-12-lipoxygenase-VR1 signaling pathway for inflammatory hyperalgesia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):10150-5. PMID: 12097645; PMCID: PMC126639.
    273. Schmidt BL, Tambeli CH, Levine JD, Gear RW. mu/delta Cooperativity and opposing kappa-opioid effects in nucleus accumbens-mediated antinociception in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2002 Mar; 15(5):861-8. PMID: 11906528.
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    274. Aley KO, Levine JD. Different peripheral mechanisms mediate enhanced nociception in metabolic/toxic and traumatic painful peripheral neuropathies in the rat. Neuroscience. 2002; 111(2):389-97. PMID: 11983324.
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    275. Green PG, Dahlqvist SR, Isenberg WM, Miao FJ, Levine JD. Role of adrenal medulla in development of sexual dimorphism in inflammation. Eur J Neurosci. 2001 Nov; 14(9):1436-44. PMID: 11722605.
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    276. Aley KO, Martin A, McMahon T, Mok J, Levine JD, Messing RO. Nociceptor sensitization by extracellular signal-regulated kinases. J Neurosci. 2001 Sep 1; 21(17):6933-9. PMID: 11517280.
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    277. Dina OA, Aley KO, Isenberg W, Messing RO, Levine JD. Sex hormones regulate the contribution of PKCepsilon and PKA signalling in inflammatory pain in the rat. Eur J Neurosci. 2001 Jun; 13(12):2227-33. PMID: 11454025.
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    278. Aley KO, Levine JD. Rapid onset pain induced by intravenous streptozotocin in the rat. J Pain. 2001 Jun; 2(3):146-50. PMID: 14622824.
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    279. Krishnan B, Levine JD, Lynch MK, Dowse HB, Funes P, Hall JC, Hardin PE, Dryer SE. A new role for cryptochrome in a Drosophila circadian oscillator. Nature. 2001 May 17; 411(6835):313-7. PMID: 11357134.
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    280. Miao FJ, Benowitz NL, Levine JD. Endogenous opioids suppress activation of nociceptors by sub-nanomolar nicotine. Br J Pharmacol. 2001 May; 133(1):23-8. PMID: 11325790; PMCID: PMC1572752.
    281. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Jasmin L, Levine JD. Spino-bulbo-spinal pathway mediating vagal modulation of nociceptive-neuroendocrine control of inflammation in the rat. J Physiol. 2001 May 1; 532(Pt 3):811-22. PMID: 11313448; PMCID: PMC2278565.
    282. Khasar SG, Isenberg WM, Miao FJ, Gear RW, Green PG, Levine JD. Gender and gonadal hormone effects on vagal modulation of tonic nociception. J Pain. 2001 Apr; 2(2):91-100. PMID: 14622830.
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    283. Dina OA, Chen X, Reichling D, Levine JD. Role of protein kinase Cepsilon and protein kinase A in a model of paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. Neuroscience. 2001; 108(3):507-15. PMID: 11738263.
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    284. Chen X, Levine JD. Hyper-responsivity in a subset of C-fiber nociceptors in a model of painful diabetic neuropathy in the rat. Neuroscience. 2001; 102(1):185-92. PMID: 11226682.
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    285. Schmidt BL, Tambeli CH, Gear RW, Levine JD. Nicotine withdrawal hyperalgesia and opioid-mediated analgesia depend on nicotine receptors in nucleus accumbens. Neuroscience. 2001; 106(1):129-36. PMID: 11564423.
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    286. Dina OA, Barletta J, Chen X, Mutero A, Martin A, Messing RO, Levine JD. Key role for the epsilon isoform of protein kinase C in painful alcoholic neuropathy in the rat. J Neurosci. 2000 Nov 15; 20(22):8614-9. PMID: 11069970.
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    287. Miao FJ, Janig W, Levine JD. Nociceptive neuroendocrine negative feedback control of neurogenic inflammation activated by capsaicin in the rat paw: role of the adrenal medulla. J Physiol. 2000 Sep 15; 527 Pt 3:601-10. PMID: 10990544; PMCID: PMC2270101.
    288. Topp KS, Tanner KD, Levine JD. Damage to the cytoskeleton of large diameter sensory neurons and myelinated axons in vincristine-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. J Comp Neurol. 2000 Sep 4; 424(4):563-76. PMID: 10931481.
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    289. Schumacher MA, Jong BE, Frey SL, Sudanagunta SP, Capra NF, Levine JD. The stretch-inactivated channel, a vanilloid receptor variant, is expressed in small-diameter sensory neurons in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 2000 Jun 30; 287(3):215-8. PMID: 10863033.
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    290. Aley KO, Messing RO, Mochly-Rosen D, Levine JD. Chronic hypersensitivity for inflammatory nociceptor sensitization mediated by the epsilon isozyme of protein kinase C. J Neurosci. 2000 Jun 15; 20(12):4680-5. PMID: 10844037.
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    291. Reichling DB, Levine JD. In hot pursuit of the elusive heat transducers. Neuron. 2000 Jun; 26(3):555-8. PMID: 10896151.
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    292. Kitt CA, Gruber K, Davis M, Woolf CJ, Levine JD. Trigeminal neuralgia: opportunities for research and treatment. Pain. 2000 Mar; 85(1-2):3-7. PMID: 10692597.
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    293. Schumacher MA, Moff I, Sudanagunta SP, Levine JD. Molecular cloning of an N-terminal splice variant of the capsaicin receptor. Loss of N-terminal domain suggests functional divergence among capsaicin receptor subtypes. J Biol Chem. 2000 Jan 28; 275(4):2756-62. PMID: 10644739.
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    294. Jänig W, Khasar SG, Levine JD, Miao FJ. The role of vagal visceral afferents in the control of nociception. Prog Brain Res. 2000; 122:273-87. PMID: 10737065.
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    295. Lo EJ, Green PG, Miao FJ, Relchling DB, Levine JD. Bradykinin-induced neurogenic migration of neutrophils into the rat knee joint. Neuroreport. 1999 Dec 16; 10(18):3821-4. PMID: 10716216.
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    296. Strausbaugh HJ, Dallman MF, Levine JD. Repeated, but not acute, stress suppresses inflammatory plasma extravasation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Dec 7; 96(25):14629-34. PMID: 10588756; PMCID: PMC24487.
    297. Miao FJ, Levine JD. Neural and endocrine mechanisms mediating noxious stimulus-induced inhibition of bradykinin plasma extravasation in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Dec; 291(3):1028-37. PMID: 10565821.
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    298. Gotter AL, Levine JD, Reppert SM. Sex-linked period genes in the silkmoth, Antheraea pernyi: implications for circadian clock regulation and the evolution of sex chromosomes. Neuron. 1999 Dec; 24(4):953-65. PMID: 10624958.
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    299. Gear RW, Miaskowski C, Gordon NC, Paul SM, Heller PH, Levine JD. The kappa opioid nalbuphine produces gender- and dose-dependent analgesia and antianalgesia in patients with postoperative pain. Pain. 1999 Nov; 83(2):339-45. PMID: 10534607.
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    300. McCarter GC, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Mechanical transduction by rat dorsal root ganglion neurons in vitro. Neurosci Lett. 1999 Oct 8; 273(3):179-82. PMID: 10515188.
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    301. Strausbaugh HJ, Green PG, Lo E, Tangemann K, Reichling DB, Rosen SD, Levine JD. Painful stimulation suppresses joint inflammation by inducing shedding of L-selectin from neutrophils. Nat Med. 1999 Sep; 5(9):1057-61. PMID: 10470085.
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    302. Khasar SG, Lin YH, Martin A, Dadgar J, McMahon T, Wang D, Hundle B, Aley KO, Isenberg W, McCarter G, Green PG, Hodge CW, Levine JD, Messing RO. A novel nociceptor signaling pathway revealed in protein kinase C epsilon mutant mice. Neuron. 1999 Sep; 24(1):253-60. PMID: 10677042.
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    303. Gear RW, Aley KO, Levine JD. Pain-induced analgesia mediated by mesolimbic reward circuits. J Neurosci. 1999 Aug 15; 19(16):7175-81. PMID: 10436070.
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    304. Reichling DB, Levine JD. The primary afferent nociceptor as pattern generator. Pain. 1999 Aug; Suppl 6:S103-9. PMID: 10491978.
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    305. Baron R, Levine JD, Fields HL. Causalgia and reflex sympathetic dystrophy: does the sympathetic nervous system contribute to the generation of pain? Muscle Nerve. 1999 Jun; 22(6):678-95. PMID: 10366221.
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    306. Chen X, Tanner K, Levine JD. Mechanical sensitization of cutaneous C-fiber nociceptors by prostaglandin E2 in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1999 May 28; 267(2):105-8. PMID: 10400223.
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    307. Green PG, Dahlqvist SR, Isenberg WM, Strausbaugh HJ, Miao FJ, Levine JD. Sex steroid regulation of the inflammatory response: sympathoadrenal dependence in the female rat. J Neurosci. 1999 May 15; 19(10):4082-9. PMID: 10234036.
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    308. Baron R, Wasner G, Borgstedt R, Hastedt E, Schulte H, Binder A, Kopper F, Rowbotham M, Levine JD, Fields HL. Effect of sympathetic activity on capsaicin-evoked pain, hyperalgesia, and vasodilatation. Neurology. 1999 Mar 23; 52(5):923-32. PMID: 10102407.
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    309. Aley KO, Levine JD. Role of protein kinase A in the maintenance of inflammatory pain. J Neurosci. 1999 Mar 15; 19(6):2181-6. PMID: 10066271.
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    310. Khasar SG, McCarter G, Levine JD. Epinephrine produces a beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated mechanical hyperalgesia and in vitro sensitization of rat nociceptors. J Neurophysiol. 1999 Mar; 81(3):1104-12. PMID: 10085337.
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    311. Chen X, Levine JD. NOS inhibitor antagonism of PGE2-induced mechanical sensitization of cutaneous C-fiber nociceptors in the rat. J Neurophysiol. 1999 Mar; 81(3):963-6. PMID: 10085324.
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    312. Gold MS, Levine JD, Correa AM. Modulation of TTX-R INa by PKC and PKA and their role in PGE2-induced sensitization of rat sensory neurons in vitro. J Neurosci. 1998 Dec 15; 18(24):10345-55. PMID: 9852572.
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    313. Green PG, Strausbaugh HJ, Levine JD. Annexin I is a local mediator in neural-endocrine feedback control of inflammation. J Neurophysiol. 1998 Dec; 80(6):3120-6. PMID: 9862910.
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    314. Zylka MJ, Shearman LP, Levine JD, Jin X, Weaver DR, Reppert SM. Molecular analysis of mammalian timeless. Neuron. 1998 Nov; 21(5):1115-22. PMID: 9856466.
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    315. Khasar SG, Gold MS, Levine JD. A tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium current mediates inflammatory pain in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1998 Oct 30; 256(1):17-20. PMID: 9832206.
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    316. Aley KO, McCarter G, Levine JD. Nitric oxide signaling in pain and nociceptor sensitization in the rat. J Neurosci. 1998 Sep 1; 18(17):7008-14. PMID: 9712669.
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    317. Tanner KD, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Nociceptor hyper-responsiveness during vincristine-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. J Neurosci. 1998 Aug 15; 18(16):6480-91. PMID: 9698336.
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    318. Tanner KD, Levine JD, Topp KS. Microtubule disorientation and axonal swelling in unmyelinated sensory axons during vincristine-induced painful neuropathy in rat. J Comp Neurol. 1998 Jun 15; 395(4):481-92. PMID: 9619501.
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    319. Gold MS, Reichling DB, Hampl KF, Drasner K, Levine JD. Lidocaine toxicity in primary afferent neurons from the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 May; 285(2):413-21. PMID: 9580578.
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    320. Green PG, Miao FJ, Strausbaugh H, Heller P, Janig W, Levine JD. Endocrine and vagal controls of sympathetically dependent neurogenic inflammation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 May 1; 840:282-8. PMID: 9629256.
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    321. Khasar SG, Miao FJ, Jänig W, Levine JD. Vagotomy-induced enhancement of mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat is sympathoadrenal-mediated. J Neurosci. 1998 Apr 15; 18(8):3043-9. PMID: 9526021.
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    322. Levine JD. New directions in pain research: molecules to maladies. Neuron. 1998 Apr; 20(4):649-54. PMID: 9581758.
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    323. Khasar SG, Miao JP, Jänig W, Levine JD. Modulation of bradykinin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat by activity in abdominal vagal afferents. Eur J Neurosci. 1998 Feb; 10(2):435-44. PMID: 9749706.
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    324. Caterina MJ, Schumacher MA, Tominaga M, Rosen TA, Levine JD, Julius D. The capsaicin receptor: a heat-activated ion channel in the pain pathway. Nature. 1997 Oct 23; 389(6653):816-24. PMID: 9349813.
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    325. Aley KO, Levine JD. Different mechanisms mediate development and expression of tolerance and dependence for peripheral mu-opioid antinociception in rat. J Neurosci. 1997 Oct 15; 17(20):8018-23. PMID: 9315920.
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    326. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Green PG, Levine JD. Inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation produced by noxious cutaneous and visceral stimuli and its modulation by vagal activity. J Neurophysiol. 1997 Sep; 78(3):1285-92. PMID: 9310420.
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    327. Reichling DB, Levine JD. Heat transduction in rat sensory neurons by calcium-dependent activation of a cation channel. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Jun 24; 94(13):7006-11. PMID: 9192682; PMCID: PMC21275.
    328. Aley KO, Levine JD. Dissociation of tolerance and dependence for opioid peripheral antinociception in rats. J Neurosci. 1997 May 15; 17(10):3907-12. PMID: 9133408.
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    329. Green PG, Jänig W, Levine JD. Negative feedback neuroendocrine control of inflammatory response in the rat is dependent on the sympathetic postganglionic neuron. J Neurosci. 1997 May 1; 17(9):3234-8. PMID: 9157197.
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    330. Gear RW, Miaskowski C, Heller PH, Paul SM, Gordon NC, Levine JD. Benzodiazepine mediated antagonism of opioid analgesia. Pain. 1997 May; 71(1):25-9. PMID: 9200170.
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    331. Reichling DB, Barratt L, Levine JD. Heat-induced cobalt entry: an assay for heat transduction in cultured rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Neuroscience. 1997 Mar; 77(2):291-4. PMID: 9472390.
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    332. Aley KO, Levine JD. Multiple receptors involved in peripheral alpha 2, mu, and A1 antinociception, tolerance, and withdrawal. J Neurosci. 1997 Jan 15; 17(2):735-44. PMID: 8987795.
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    333. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Levine JD. Vagal branches involved in inhibition of bradykinin-induced synovial plasma extravasation by intrathecal nicotine and noxious stimulation in the rat. J Physiol. 1997 Jan 15; 498 ( Pt 2):473-81. PMID: 9032694; PMCID: PMC1159216.
    334. Miao FJ, Benowitz NL, Heller PH, Levine JD. Contribution of adrenal hormones to nicotine-induced inhibition of synovial plasma extravasation in the rat. Br J Pharmacol. 1997 Jan; 120(2):298-304. PMID: 9117123; PMCID: PMC1564364.
    335. Gold MS, Dastmalchi S, Levine JD. Alpha 2-adrenergic receptor subtypes in rat dorsal root and superior cervical ganglion neurons. Pain. 1997 Jan; 69(1-2):179-90. PMID: 9060029.
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    336. Ahlgren SC, Wang JF, Levine JD. C-fiber mechanical stimulus-response functions are different in inflammatory versus neuropathic hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 1997 Jan; 76(1):285-90. PMID: 8971778.
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    337. Gear RW, Miaskowski C, Gordon NC, Paul SM, Heller PH, Levine JD. Kappa-opioids produce significantly greater analgesia in women than in men. Nat Med. 1996 Nov; 2(11):1248-50. PMID: 8898754.
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    338. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Green PG, Levine JD. Inhibition of bradykinin-induced synovial plasma extravasation produced by intrathecal nicotine is mediated by the hypothalamopituitary adrenal axis. J Neurophysiol. 1996 Nov; 76(5):2813-21. PMID: 8930234.
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    339. Khasar SG, Gold MS, Dastmalchi S, Levine JD. Selective attenuation of mu-opioid receptor-mediated effects in rat sensory neurons by intrathecal administration of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Oct 25; 218(1):17-20. PMID: 8939470.
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    340. Gold MS, Levine JD. DAMGO inhibits prostaglandin E2-induced potentiation of a TTX-resistant Na+ current in rat sensory neurons in vitro. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Jul 12; 212(2):83-6. PMID: 8832644.
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    341. Aley KO, Reichling DB, Levine JD. Vincristine hyperalgesia in the rat: a model of painful vincristine neuropathy in humans. Neuroscience. 1996 Jul; 73(1):259-65. PMID: 8783247.
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    342. Miao FJ, Benowitz N, Levine JD. Neural and endocrine circuits mediating inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation by subcutaneous and spinal-intrathecal nicotine. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996 Jun; 277(3):1510-6. PMID: 8667217.
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    343. Gold MS, Shuster MJ, Levine JD. Characterization of six voltage-gated K+ currents in adult rat sensory neurons. J Neurophysiol. 1996 Jun; 75(6):2629-46. PMID: 8793767.
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    344. Pierce PA, Xie GX, Peroutka SJ, Levine JD. Dual effect of the serotonin agonist, sumatriptan, on peripheral neurogenic inflammation. Reg Anesth. 1996 May-Jun; 21(3):219-25. PMID: 8744664.
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    345. Miao FJ, Khasar SG, Green PG, Levine JD. Tachyphylaxis develops to bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Apr 19; 208(2):143-5. PMID: 8859910.
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    346. McCall WD, Tanner KD, Levine JD. Formalin induces biphasic activity in C-fibers in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Apr 12; 208(1):45-8. PMID: 8731171.
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    347. Gogas KR, Cho HJ, Botchkina GI, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Inhibition of noxious stimulus-evoked pain behaviors and neuronal fos-like immunoreactivity in the spinal cord of the rat by supraspinal morphine. Pain. 1996 Apr; 65(1):9-15. PMID: 8826484.
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    348. Aley KO, Kinnman E, Levine JD. Delayed sympathectomy after a prolonged hyperalgesia results in a subsequent enhanced acute hyperalgesic response. Neuroscience. 1996 Apr; 71(4):1083-90. PMID: 8684612.
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    349. Wang JF, Khasar SG, Ahlgren SC, Levine JD. Sensitization of C-fibres by prostaglandin E2 in the rat is inhibited by guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate), 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine and Walsh inhibitor peptide. Neuroscience. 1996 Mar; 71(1):259-63. PMID: 8834407.
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    350. Gear RW, Gordon NC, Heller PH, Paul S, Miaskowski C, Levine JD. Gender difference in analgesic response to the kappa-opioid pentazocine. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Mar 1; 205(3):207-9. PMID: 8852594.
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    351. Miao FJ, Green PG, Coderre TJ, Jänig W, Levine JD. Sympathetic-dependence in bradykinin-induced synovial plasma extravasation is dose-related. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Mar 1; 205(3):165-8. PMID: 8852584.
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    352. Gold MS, Dastmalchi S, Levine JD. Co-expression of nociceptor properties in dorsal root ganglion neurons from the adult rat in vitro. Neuroscience. 1996 Mar; 71(1):265-75. PMID: 8834408.
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    353. Gold MS, Shuster MJ, Levine JD. Role of a Ca(2+)-dependent slow afterhyperpolarization in prostaglandin E2-induced sensitization of cultured rat sensory neurons. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Mar 1; 205(3):161-4. PMID: 8852583.
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    354. Khasar SG, Levine JD. Neonatal capsaicin attenuates mechanical nociception in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Feb 23; 205(2):141-3. PMID: 8907337.
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    355. Gold MS, Reichling DB, Shuster MJ, Levine JD. Hyperalgesic agents increase a tetrodotoxin-resistant Na+ current in nociceptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Feb 6; 93(3):1108-12. PMID: 8577723; PMCID: PMC40039.
    356. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Levine Jd. Role of sympathetic postganglionic neurons in synovial plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin. J Neurophysiol. 1996 Feb; 75(2):715-24. PMID: 8714647.
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    357. Gogas KR, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Differential contribution of descending controls to the antinociceptive actions of kappa and mu opioids: an analysis of formalin-evoked C-fos expression. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996 Feb; 276(2):801-9. PMID: 8632353.
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    358. Jänig W, Levine JD, Michaelis M. Interactions of sympathetic and primary afferent neurons following nerve injury and tissue trauma. Prog Brain Res. 1996; 113:161-84. PMID: 9009734.
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    359. Pierce PA, Xie GX, Levine JD, Peroutka SJ. 5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor subtype messenger RNAs in rat peripheral sensory and sympathetic ganglia: a polymerase chain reaction study. Neuroscience. 1996 Jan; 70(2):553-9. PMID: 8848158.
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    360. Freedman AR, Zhu H, Levine JD, Kalams S, Scadden DT. Generation of human T lymphocytes from bone marrow CD34+ cells in vitro. Nat Med. 1996 Jan; 2(1):46-51. PMID: 8564838.
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    361. Miao FJ, Kinnman E, Jänig W, Levine JD. Variation in the anatomy of the lumbar sympathetic chain in the rat. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1995 Dec 5; 56(1-2):115-8. PMID: 8786273.
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    362. Aley KO, Green PG, Levine JD. Opioid and adenosine peripheral antinociception are subject to tolerance and withdrawal. J Neurosci. 1995 Dec; 15(12):8031-8. PMID: 8613740.
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    363. Gordon NC, Gear RW, Heller PH, Paul S, Miaskowski C, Levine JD. Enhancement of morphine analgesia by the GABAB agonist baclofen. Neuroscience. 1995 Nov; 69(2):345-9. PMID: 8552232.
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    364. Khasar SG, Miao FJ, Levine JD. Inflammation modulates the contribution of receptor-subtypes to bradykinin-induced hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 1995 Nov; 69(2):685-90. PMID: 8552260.
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    365. Pierce PA, Xie GX, Peroutka SJ, Green PG, Levine JD. 5-Hydroxytryptamine-induced synovial plasma extravasation is mediated via 5-hydroxytryptamine2A receptors on sympathetic efferent terminals. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1995 Oct; 275(1):502-8. PMID: 7562592.
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    366. Matos FF, Rollema H, Taiwo YO, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Relationship between analgesia and extracellular morphine in brain and spinal cord in awake rats. Brain Res. 1995 Sep 25; 693(1-2):187-95. PMID: 8653407.
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    367. Pierce PA, King BS, Rampil IJ, Levine JD. Halothane selectively inhibits bradykinin-induced synovial plasma extravasation. Anesthesiology. 1995 Sep; 83(3):568-73. PMID: 7661358.
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    368. Khasar SG, Wang JF, Taiwo YO, Heller PH, Green PG, Levine JD. Mu-opioid agonist enhancement of prostaglandin-induced hyperalgesia in the rat: a G-protein beta gamma subunit-mediated effect? Neuroscience. 1995 Jul; 67(1):189-95. PMID: 7477899.
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    369. Levine JD, Sauman I, Imbalzano M, Reppert SM, Jackson FR. Period protein from the giant silkmoth Antheraea pernyi functions as a circadian clock element in Drosophila melanogaster. Neuron. 1995 Jul; 15(1):147-57. PMID: 7619519.
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    370. Green PG, Miao FJ, Jänig W, Levine JD. Negative feedback neuroendocrine control of the inflammatory response in rats. J Neurosci. 1995 Jun; 15(6):4678-86. PMID: 7790932.
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    371. Gear RW, Gordon NC, Heller PH, Levine JD. Enhancement of morphine analgesia by the alpha 2-adrenergic antagonist yohimbine. Neuroscience. 1995 May; 66(1):5-8. PMID: 7637874.
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    372. Khasar SG, Green PG, Chou B, Levine JD. Peripheral nociceptive effects of alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonists in the rat. Neuroscience. 1995 May; 66(2):427-32. PMID: 7477883.
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    373. Sutters KA, Levine JD, Dibble S, Savedra M, Miaskowski C. Analgesic efficacy and safety of single-dose intramuscular ketorolac for postoperative pain management in children following tonsillectomy. Pain. 1995 Apr; 61(1):145-53. PMID: 7644238.
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    374. Gear RW, Levine JD. Antinociception produced by an ascending spino-supraspinal pathway. J Neurosci. 1995 Apr; 15(4):3154-61. PMID: 7722653.
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    375. Kinnman E, Levine JD. Involvement of the sympathetic postganglionic neuron in capsaicin-induced secondary hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 1995 Mar; 65(1):283-91. PMID: 7753402.
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    376. Khasar SG, Ouseph AK, Chou B, Ho T, Green PG, Levine JD. Is there more than one prostaglandin E receptor subtype mediating hyperalgesia in the rat hindpaw? Neuroscience. 1995 Feb; 64(4):1161-5. PMID: 7753383.
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    377. Ouseph AK, Khasar SG, Levine JD. Multiple second messenger systems act sequentially to mediate rolipram-induced prolongation of prostaglandin E2-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 1995 Feb; 64(3):769-76. PMID: 7715785.
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    378. Kinnman E, Levine JD. Sensory and sympathetic contributions to nerve injury-induced sensory abnormalities in the rat. Neuroscience. 1995 Feb; 64(3):751-67. PMID: 7715784.
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    379. Ouseph AK, Levine JD. Alpha 1-adrenoceptor-mediated sympathetically dependent mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat. Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Jan 24; 273(1-2):107-12. PMID: 7737305.
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    380. Berardi AC, Wang A, Levine JD, Lopez P, Scadden DT. Functional isolation and characterization of human hematopoietic stem cells. Science. 1995 Jan 6; 267(5194):104-8. PMID: 7528940.
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    381. Jasmin L, Wang H, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Differential effects of morphine on noxious stimulus-evoked fos-like immunoreactivity in subpopulations of spinoparabrachial neurons. J Neurosci. 1994 Dec; 14(12):7252-60. PMID: 7996173.
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    382. Levine JD, Casey CI, Kalderon DD, Jackson FR. Altered circadian pacemaker functions and cyclic AMP rhythms in the Drosophila learning mutant dunce. Neuron. 1994 Oct; 13(4):967-74. PMID: 7946340.
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    383. Khasar SG, Ho T, Green PG, Levine JD. Comparison of prostaglandin E1- and prostaglandin E2-induced hyperalgesia in the rat. Neuroscience. 1994 Sep; 62(2):345-50. PMID: 7830882.
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    384. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Dallman MF, Benowitz NL, Heller PH, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. Role of vagal afferents and spinal pathways modulating inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation by intrathecal nicotine. J Neurophysiol. 1994 Sep; 72(3):1199-207. PMID: 7807204.
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    385. Ahlgren SC, Levine JD. Protein kinase C inhibitors decrease hyperalgesia and C-fiber hyperexcitability in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat. J Neurophysiol. 1994 Aug; 72(2):684-92. PMID: 7983528.
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    386. Gold MS, White DM, Ahlgren SC, Guo M, Levine JD. Catecholamine-induced mechanical sensitization of cutaneous nociceptors in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1994 Jul 4; 175(1-2):166-70. PMID: 7970201.
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    387. Gordon NC, Heller PH, Gear RW, Levine JD. Interactions between fluoxetine and opiate analgesia for postoperative dental pain. Pain. 1994 Jul; 58(1):85-8. PMID: 7970842.
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    388. Levine JD, Zhao XS, Miselis RR. Direct and indirect retinohypothalamic projections to the supraoptic nucleus in the female albino rat. J Comp Neurol. 1994 Mar 8; 341(2):214-24. PMID: 8163725.
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    389. Green PG, Luo J, Heller PH, Levine JD. Effect of E-type prostaglandins on bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation in the knee joint of the rat. Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Feb 3; 252(2):127-32. PMID: 8157052.
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    390. Jasmin L, Gogas KR, Ahlgren SC, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Walking evokes a distinctive pattern of Fos-like immunoreactivity in the caudal brainstem and spinal cord of the rat. Neuroscience. 1994 Jan; 58(2):275-86. PMID: 8152539.
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    391. Jasmin L, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wang H, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Transneuronal spread of the pseudorabies virus after injection into the central nucleus of the amygdala in the rat. Gene Ther. 1994; 1 Suppl 1:S74. PMID: 8542420.
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    392. Miaskowski C, Levine JD. Reply to the letter by J.L. Plummer. Pain. 1993 Dec; 55(3):401. PMID: 8121704.
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    393. Miaskowski C, Franck LS, Putris J, Levine JD. Temporal dissociation of recovery from antinociceptive and motor effects following intrathecal administration of a selective mu-opioid agonist. Nurs Res. 1993 Nov-Dec; 42(6):344-8. PMID: 8247817.
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    394. Green PG, Luo J, Hammond ER, Levine JD. Trypsin enhances sympathetic neuron-dependent plasma extravasation in the rat knee joint. Neurosci Lett. 1993 Aug 6; 158(1):117-9. PMID: 8233065.
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    395. Green PG, Luo J, Heller PH, Levine JD. Further substantiation of a significant role for the sympathetic nervous system in inflammation. Neuroscience. 1993 Aug; 55(4):1037-43. PMID: 8232896.
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    396. Perry F, Heller PH, Levine JD. The 'significance' of statistical significance. Pain. 1993 Aug; 54(2):231. PMID: 8233538.
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    397. Chi SI, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Effects of injury discharge on the persistent expression of spinal cord fos-like immunoreactivity produced by sciatic nerve transection in the rat. Brain Res. 1993 Jul 23; 617(2):220-4. PMID: 8402150.
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    398. Chi SI, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Peripheral and central contributions to the persistent expression of spinal cord fos-like immunoreactivity produced by sciatic nerve transection in the rat. Brain Res. 1993 Jul 23; 617(2):225-37. PMID: 8402151.
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    399. Ahlgren SC, Levine JD. Mechanical hyperalgesia in streptozotocin-diabetic rats is not sympathetically maintained. Brain Res. 1993 Jul 9; 616(1-2):171-5. PMID: 8358610.
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    400. Levine JD, Fields HL, Basbaum AI. Peptides and the primary afferent nociceptor. J Neurosci. 1993 Jun; 13(6):2273-86. PMID: 8501507.
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    401. Gordon NC, Heller PH, Gear RW, Levine JD. Temporal factors in the enhancement of morphine analgesia by desipramine. Pain. 1993 Jun; 53(3):273-6. PMID: 8351157.
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    402. Khasar SG, Green PG, Levine JD. Comparison of intradermal and subcutaneous hyperalgesic effects of inflammatory mediators in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1993 Apr 30; 153(2):215-8. PMID: 8100992.
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    403. Miaskowski C, Taiwo YO, Levine JD. Antinociception produced by receptor selective opioids. Modulation of supraspinal antinociceptive effects by spinal opioids. Brain Res. 1993 Apr 9; 608(1):87-94. PMID: 8388314.
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    404. Ahlgren SC, Levine JD. Mechanical hyperalgesia in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Neuroscience. 1993 Feb; 52(4):1049-55. PMID: 8450973.
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    405. Miao FJ, Dallman MF, Benowitz NL, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. Adrenal medullary modulation of the inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation by intrathecal nicotine. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1993 Feb; 264(2):839-44. PMID: 8094755.
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    406. Green PG, Luo J, Heller PH, Levine JD. Neurogenic and non-neurogenic mechanisms of plasma extravasation in the rat. Neuroscience. 1993 Feb; 52(3):735-43. PMID: 8450970.
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    407. Gogas KR, Levine JD, Basbaum AI. Mechanisms of opioid-mediated antinociception: correlation of Fos expression and behavior. NIDA Res Monogr. 1993; 125:134-60. PMID: 8341362.
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    408. Green PG, Luo J, Heller P, Levine JD. Modulation of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation in the rat knee joint by sympathetic co-transmitters. Neuroscience. 1993 Jan; 52(2):451-8. PMID: 8095706.
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    409. Miao FJ, Helms C, Benowitz NL, Basbaum AI, Heller PH, Levine J. Chronically administered nicotine attenuates bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation and aggravates arthritis-induced joint injury in the rat. Neuroscience. 1992 Dec; 51(3):649-55. PMID: 1362599.
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    410. Ahlgren SC, White DM, Levine J. Increased responsiveness of sensory neurons in the saphenous nerve of the streptozotocin-diabetic rat. J Neurophysiol. 1992 Dec; 68(6):2077-85. PMID: 1491258.
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    411. Miaskowski C, Levine J. Inhibition of spinal opioid analgesia by supraspinal administration of selective opioid antagonists. Brain Res. 1992 Nov 20; 596(1-2):41-5. PMID: 1361418.
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    412. Miaskowski C, Levine J. Antinociception produced by receptor selective opioids: modulation of spinal antinociceptive effects by supraspinal opioids. Brain Res. 1992 Nov 6; 595(1):32-8. PMID: 1334770.
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    413. Green PG, Basbaum AI, Levine J. Sensory neuropeptide interactions in the production of plasma extravasation in the rat. Neuroscience. 1992 Oct; 50(3):745-9. PMID: 1279466.
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    414. Miao FJ, Benowitz NL, Basbaum AI, Levine J. Sympathoadrenal contribution to nicotinic and muscarinic modulation of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation in the knee joint of the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1992 Sep; 262(3):889-95. PMID: 1527731.
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    415. Green PG, Levine J. Delta- and kappa-opioid agonists inhibit plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin in the knee joint of the rat. Neuroscience. 1992 Jul; 49(1):129-33. PMID: 1328929.
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    416. Sherbourne CD, Gonzales R, Goldyne ME, Levine J. Norepinephrine-induced increase in sympathetic neuron-derived prostaglandins is independent of neuronal release mechanisms. Neurosci Lett. 1992 May 25; 139(2):188-90. PMID: 1608548.
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    417. Miaskowski C, Sutters KA, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Antinociceptive and motor effects of delta/mu and kappa/mu combinations of intrathecal opioid agonists. Pain. 1992 Apr; 49(1):137-44. PMID: 1317544.
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    418. Gordon NC, Heller PH, Levine J. Enhancement of pentazocine analgesia by clonidine. Pain. 1992 Feb; 48(2):167-9. PMID: 1350340.
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    419. Devor M, White DM, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. Eicosanoids, but not tachykinins, excite C-fiber endings in rat sciatic nerve-end neuromas. Neuroreport. 1992 Jan; 3(1):21-4. PMID: 1611031.
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    420. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Serotonin is a directly-acting hyperalgesic agent in the rat. Neuroscience. 1992; 48(2):485-90. PMID: 1534874.
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    421. Taiwo YO, Heller PH, Levine J. Mediation of serotonin hyperalgesia by the cAMP second messenger system. Neuroscience. 1992; 48(2):479-83. PMID: 1318516.
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    422. Levine JD, Allan JD, Tessitore JH, Falcone N, Galasso F, Israel RJ, Groopman JE. Recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor ameliorates zidovudine-induced neutropenia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)/AIDS-related complex. Blood. 1991 Dec 15; 78(12):3148-54. PMID: 1742482.
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    423. Miaskowski C, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Contribution of supraspinal mu- and delta-opioid receptors to antinociception in the rat. Eur J Pharmacol. 1991 Dec 3; 205(3):247-52. PMID: 1667910.
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    424. Franck LS, Miaskowski C, Putris J, Levine J. Dissociation of antinociceptive and motor effects of supraspinal opioid agonists in the rat. Brain Res. 1991 Nov 1; 563(1-2):123-6. PMID: 1664771.
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    425. Pitchford S, Levine J. Prostaglandins sensitize nociceptors in cell culture. Neurosci Lett. 1991 Oct 28; 132(1):105-8. PMID: 1724065.
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    426. Basbaum AI, Levine J. Opiate analgesia. How central is a peripheral target? N Engl J Med. 1991 Oct 17; 325(16):1168-9. PMID: 1653902.
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    427. Gordon NC, Heller PH, Levine J. Lack of effect of ephedrine on opiate analgesia. Pain. 1991 Oct; 47(1):21-3. PMID: 1771089.
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    428. Gonzales R, Sherbourne CD, Goldyne ME, Levine J. Noradrenaline-induced prostaglandin production by sympathetic postganglionic neurons is mediated by alpha 2-adrenergic receptors. J Neurochem. 1991 Oct; 57(4):1145-50. PMID: 1654387.
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    429. White DM, Taiwo YO, Coderre TJ, Levine J. Delayed activation of nociceptors: correlation with delayed pain sensations induced by sustained stimuli. J Neurophysiol. 1991 Sep; 66(3):729-34. PMID: 1753283.
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    430. Lee A, Coderre TJ, Basbaum AI, Levine J. Sympathetic neuron factors involved in bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation in the rat. Brain Res. 1991 Aug 23; 557(1-2):146-8. PMID: 1747748.
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    431. White DM, Levine J. Different mechanical transduction mechanisms for the immediate and delayed responses of rat C-fiber nociceptors. J Neurophysiol. 1991 Aug; 66(2):363-8. PMID: 1774578.
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    432. Perry F, Heller PH, Levine J. A possible indicator of functional pain: poor pain scale correlation. Pain. 1991 Aug; 46(2):191-3. PMID: 1749642.
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    433. Miaskowski C, Sutters KA, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Comparison of the antinociceptive and motor effects of intrathecal opioid agonists in the rat. Brain Res. 1991 Jul 5; 553(1):105-9. PMID: 1933267.
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    434. Taiwo YO, Levine JD, Burch RM, Woo JE, Mobley WC. Hyperalgesia induced in the rat by the amino-terminal octapeptide of nerve growth factor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Jun 15; 88(12):5144-8. PMID: 1647026; PMCID: PMC51828.
    435. Gonzales R, Coderre TJ, Sherbourne CD, Levine J. Postnatal development of neurogenic inflammation in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1991 Jun 10; 127(1):25-7. PMID: 1715536.
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    436. Green PG, Basbaum AI, Helms C, Levine J. Purinergic regulation of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation and adjuvant-induced arthritis in the rat. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 May 15; 88(10):4162-5. PMID: 2034661; PMCID: PMC51618.
    437. Basbaum AI, Levine J. The contribution of the nervous system to inflammation and inflammatory disease. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1991 May; 69(5):647-51. PMID: 1863915.
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    438. Levine J, Weiss ML, Rosenwasser AM, Miselis RR. Retinohypothalamic tract in the female albino rat: a study using horseradish peroxidase conjugated to cholera toxin. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Apr 8; 306(2):344-60. PMID: 1711060.
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    439. Taiwo YO, Levine JD. Kappa- and delta-opioids block sympathetically dependent hyperalgesia. J Neurosci. 1991 Apr; 11(4):928-32. PMID: 2010815.
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    440. Coderre TJ, Basbaum AI, Helms C, Levine J. High-dose epinephrine acts at alpha 2-adrenoceptors to suppress experimental arthritis. Brain Res. 1991 Mar 29; 544(2):325-8. PMID: 1674896.
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    441. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Further confirmation of the role of adenyl cyclase and of cAMP-dependent protein kinase in primary afferent hyperalgesia. Neuroscience. 1991; 44(1):131-5. PMID: 1722888.
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    442. Faucett JA, Levine J. The contributions of interpersonal conflict to chronic pain in the presence or absence of organic pathology. Pain. 1991 Jan; 44(1):35-43. PMID: 2038487.
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    443. Gogas KR, Presley RW, Levine J, Basbaum AI. The antinociceptive action of supraspinal opioids results from an increase in descending inhibitory control: correlation of nociceptive behavior and c-fos expression. Neuroscience. 1991; 42(3):617-28. PMID: 1659673.
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    444. Coderre TJ, Chan AK, Helms C, Basbaum AI, Levine J. Increasing sympathetic nerve terminal-dependent plasma extravasation correlates with decreased arthritic joint injury in rats. Neuroscience. 1991; 40(1):185-9. PMID: 2052150.
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    445. Bjerknes L, Coderre TJ, Green PG, Basbaum AI, Levine J. Neutrophils contribute to sympathetic nerve terminal-dependent plasma extravasation in the knee joint of the rat. Neuroscience. 1991; 43(2-3):679-85. PMID: 1922788.
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    446. Yanovski JA, Rosenwasser AM, Levine J, Adler NT. The circadian activity rhythms of rats with mid- and parasagittal 'split-SCN' knife cuts and pinealectomy. Brain Res. 1990 Dec 24; 537(1-2):216-26. PMID: 2085774.
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    447. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Effects of cyclooxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism on cutaneous nociceptive threshold in the rat. Brain Res. 1990 Dec 24; 537(1-2):372-4. PMID: 2128200.
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    448. Levine JD, Coderre TJ, White DM, Finkbeiner WE, Basbaum AI. Denervation-induced inflammation in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1990 Oct 30; 119(1):37-40. PMID: 2097582.
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    449. Sutters KA, Miaskowski C, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Analgesic synergy and improved motor function produced by combinations of mu-delta- and mu-kappa-opioids. Brain Res. 1990 Oct 22; 530(2):290-4. PMID: 1979930.
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    450. Coderre TJ, Gonzales R, Goldyne ME, West J, Levine J. Noxious stimulus-induced increase in spinal prostaglandin E2 is noradrenergic terminal-dependent. Neurosci Lett. 1990 Jul 31; 115(2-3):253-8. PMID: 2122330.
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    451. Levine J, Coderre TJ, Covinsky K, Basbaum AI. Neural influences on synovial mast cell density in rat. J Neurosci Res. 1990 Jul; 26(3):301-7. PMID: 2398510.
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    452. Miaskowski C, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Intracerebroventricular naloxone produces a dose-dependent, monotonic increase in nociceptive threshold in the rat. Brain Res. 1990 May 7; 515(1-2):323-5. PMID: 2357571.
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    453. White DM, Basbaum AI, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. The 15-lipoxygenase product, 8R,15S-diHETE, stereospecifically sensitizes C-fiber mechanoheat nociceptors in hairy skin of rat. J Neurophysiol. 1990 May; 63(5):966-70. PMID: 2162922.
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    454. Levine J, Basbaum AI. Neurogenic mechanism for symmetrical arthritis. Lancet. 1990 Mar 31; 335(8692):795. PMID: 1969540.
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    455. Levine J, Taiwo YO. Hyperalgesic pain: a review. Anesth Prog. 1990 Mar-Jun; 37(2-3):133-5. PMID: 1964769; PMCID: PMC2190333.
    456. Miaskowski C, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Kappa- and delta-opioid agonists synergize to produce potent analgesia. Brain Res. 1990 Feb 12; 509(1):165-8. PMID: 2155044.
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    457. Coderre TJ, Basbaum AI, Dallman MF, Helms C, Levine J. Epinephrine exacerbates arthritis by an action at presynaptic B2-adrenoceptors. Neuroscience. 1990; 34(2):521-3. PMID: 2159131.
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    458. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Direct cutaneous hyperalgesia induced by adenosine. Neuroscience. 1990; 38(3):757-62. PMID: 1980146.
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    459. Taiwo YO, Heller PH, Levine J. Characterization of distinct phospholipases mediating bradykinin and noradrenaline hyperalgesia. Neuroscience. 1990; 39(2):523-31. PMID: 2128375.
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    460. Presley RW, Menétrey D, Levine J, Basbaum AI. Systemic morphine suppresses noxious stimulus-evoked Fos protein-like immunoreactivity in the rat spinal cord. J Neurosci. 1990 Jan; 10(1):323-35. PMID: 1688935.
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    461. Heller PH, Perry F, Jewett DL, Levine J. Autonomic components of the human pupillary light reflex. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1990 Jan; 31(1):156-62. PMID: 2137115.
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    462. Gonzales R, Goldyne ME, Taiwo YO, Levine J. Production of hyperalgesic prostaglandins by sympathetic postganglionic neurons. J Neurochem. 1989 Nov; 53(5):1595-8. PMID: 2507743.
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    463. Perry F, Heller PH, Kamiya J, Levine J. Altered autonomic function in patients with arthritis or with chronic myofascial pain. Pain. 1989 Oct; 39(1):77-84. PMID: 2812855.
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    464. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Prostaglandin effects after elimination of indirect hyperalgesic mechanisms in the skin of the rat. Brain Res. 1989 Jul 17; 492(1-2):397-9. PMID: 2665905.
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    465. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Contribution of guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins to prostaglandin hyperalgesia in the rat. Brain Res. 1989 Jul 17; 492(1-2):400-3. PMID: 2502301.
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    466. Menétrey D, Gannon A, Levine J, Basbaum AI. Expression of c-fos protein in interneurons and projection neurons of the rat spinal cord in response to noxious somatic, articular, and visceral stimulation. J Comp Neurol. 1989 Jul 8; 285(2):177-95. PMID: 2503547.
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    467. Coderre TJ, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. Neural control of vascular permeability: interactions between primary afferents, mast cells, and sympathetic efferents. J Neurophysiol. 1989 Jul; 62(1):48-58. PMID: 2502607.
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    468. Landis CA, Robinson CR, Helms C, Levine J. Differential effects of acetylsalicylic acid and acetaminophen on sleep abnormalities in a rat chronic pain model. Brain Res. 1989 May 29; 488(1-2):195-201. PMID: 2743114.
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    469. Taiwo YO, Coderre TJ, Levine J. The contribution of training to sensitivity in the nociceptive paw-withdrawal test. Brain Res. 1989 May 15; 487(1):148-51. PMID: 2752281.
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    470. Levine J, Taiwo YO. Beta-estradiol induced catecholamine-sensitive hyperalgesia: a contribution to pain in Raynaud's phenomenon. Brain Res. 1989 May 15; 487(1):143-7. PMID: 2546646.
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    471. Landis CA, Levine J, Robinson CR. Decreased slow-wave and paradoxical sleep in a rat chronic pain model. Sleep. 1989 Apr; 12(2):167-77. PMID: 2711092.
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    472. Taiwo YO, Basbaum AI, Perry F, Levine J. Paradoxical analgesia produced by low doses of the opiate-antagonist naloxone is mediated by interaction at a site with characteristics of the delta opioid receptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1989 Apr; 249(1):97-100. PMID: 2540325.
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    473. Brooks JR, Brooks DC, Levine JD. Total pancreatectomy for ductal cell carcinoma of the pancreas. An update. Ann Surg. 1989 Apr; 209(4):405-10. PMID: 2539061; PMCID: PMC1493970.
    474. Levine J, Taiwo YO. Involvement of the mu-opiate receptor in peripheral analgesia. Neuroscience. 1989; 32(3):571-5. PMID: 2557556.
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    475. Taiwo YO, Bjerknes LK, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. Mediation of primary afferent peripheral hyperalgesia by the cAMP second messenger system. Neuroscience. 1989; 32(3):577-80. PMID: 2557557.
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    476. Levine J, Gordon NC, Taiwo YO, Coderre TJ. Potentiation of pentazocine analgesia by low-dose naloxone. J Clin Invest. 1988 Nov; 82(5):1574-7. PMID: 3183054; PMCID: PMC442725.
    477. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Characterization of the arachidonic acid metabolites mediating bradykinin and noradrenaline hyperalgesia. Brain Res. 1988 Aug 23; 458(2):402-6. PMID: 3061568.
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    478. Martin HA, Basbaum AI, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. Leukotriene B4 decreases the mechanical and thermal thresholds of C-fiber nociceptors in the hairy skin of the rat. J Neurophysiol. 1988 Aug; 60(2):438-45. PMID: 2845013.
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    479. Perry F, Heller PH, Levine J. Differing correlations between pain measures in syndromes with or without explicable organic pathology. Pain. 1988 Aug; 34(2):185-9. PMID: 3174156.
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    480. Landis CA, Robinson CR, Levine JD. Sleep fragmentation in the arthritic rat. Pain. 1988 Jul; 34(1):93-9. PMID: 3405623.
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    481. Levine JD, Gordon NC. Synergism between the analgesic actions of morphine and pentazocine. Pain. 1988 Jun; 33(3):369-72. PMID: 3419842.
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    482. Levine J, Coderre TJ, Helms C, Basbaum AI. Beta 2-adrenergic mechanisms in experimental arthritis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Jun; 85(12):4553-6. PMID: 2837769; PMCID: PMC280469.
    483. Levine J, Moskowitz MA, Basbaum AI. The effect of gold, an antirheumatic therapy, on substance P levels in rat peripheral nerve. Neurosci Lett. 1988 Apr 22; 87(1-2):200-2. PMID: 2454428.
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    484. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Prostaglandins inhibit endogenous pain control mechanisms by blocking transmission at spinal noradrenergic synapses. J Neurosci. 1988 Apr; 8(4):1346-9. PMID: 2833584.
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    485. Goetzl EJ, Burrall BA, Baud L, Scriven KH, Levine J, Koo CH. Generation and recognition of leukotriene mediators of hypersensitivity and inflammation. Dig Dis Sci. 1988 Mar; 33(3 Suppl):36S-40S. PMID: 2831014.
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    486. Taiwo YO, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. Hyperalgesia onset latency suggests a hierarchy of action. Brain Res. 1987 Oct 13; 423(1-2):333-7. PMID: 2823989.
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    487. Levine J, Goetzl EJ, Basbaum AI. Contribution of the nervous system to the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis and other polyarthritides. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1987 Aug; 13(2):369-83. PMID: 2447613.
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    488. Martin HA, Basbaum AI, Kwiat GC, Goetzl EJ, Levine J. Leukotriene and prostaglandin sensitization of cutaneous high-threshold C- and A-delta mechanonociceptors in the hairy skin of rat hindlimbs. Neuroscience. 1987 Aug; 22(2):651-9. PMID: 2823177.
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    489. Levine JD, Dardick SJ, Roizen MF, Helms C, Basbaum AI. Contribution of sensory afferents and sympathetic efferents to joint injury in experimental arthritis. J Neurosci. 1986 Dec; 6(12):3423-9. PMID: 3794780.
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    490. Levine JD, Fye K, Heller P, Basbaum AI, Whiting-O'Keefe Q. Clinical response to regional intravenous guanethidine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 1986 Dec; 13(6):1040-3. PMID: 3550071.
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    491. Levine JD, Rosenwasser AM, Yanovski JA, Adler NT. Circadian activity rhythms in rats with midbrain raphe lesions. Brain Res. 1986 Oct 8; 384(2):240-9. PMID: 3779378.
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    492. Levine JD, Gordon NC, Smith R, McBryde R. Desipramine enhances opiate postoperative analgesia. Pain. 1986 Oct; 27(1):45-9. PMID: 3785963.
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    493. Levine JD, Taiwo YO, Collins SD, Tam JK. Noradrenaline hyperalgesia is mediated through interaction with sympathetic postganglionic neurone terminals rather than activation of primary afferent nociceptors. Nature. 1986 Sep 11-17; 323(6084):158-60. PMID: 3748187.
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    494. Dardick SJ, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. The contribution of pain to disability in experimentally induced arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 1986 Aug; 29(8):1017-22. PMID: 3741511.
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    495. Levine J, Goldstine J, Mayes M, Moskowitz MA, Basbaum AI. The neurotoxic effect of gold sodium thiomalate on the peripheral nerves of the rat. Insights into the antiinflammatory actions of gold therapy. Arthritis Rheum. 1986 Jul; 29(7):897-901. PMID: 3091040.
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    496. Levine J, Lam D, Taiwo YO, Donatoni P, Goetzl EJ. Hyperalgesic properties of 15-lipoxygenase products of arachidonic acid. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Jul; 83(14):5331-4. PMID: 3014543; PMCID: PMC323945.
    497. Taiwo YO, Levine J. Indomethacin blocks central nociceptive effects of PGF2 alpha. Brain Res. 1986 May 14; 373(1-2):81-4. PMID: 3087576.
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    498. Levine JD, Gordon NC. Method of administration determines the effect of naloxone on pain. Brain Res. 1986 Feb 19; 365(2):377-8. PMID: 3948000.
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    499. Levine JD, Gooding J, Donatoni P, Borden L, Goetzl EJ. The role of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte in hyperalgesia. J Neurosci. 1985 Nov; 5(11):3025-9. PMID: 2997412.
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    500. Levine J, Moskowitz MA, Basbaum AI. The contribution of neurogenic inflammation in experimental arthritis. J Immunol. 1985 Aug; 135(2 Suppl):843s-847s. PMID: 2409171.
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    501. Levine J, Collier DH, Basbaum AI, Moskowitz MA, Helms CA. Hypothesis: the nervous system may contribute to the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 1985 Jun; 12(3):406-11. PMID: 2413204.
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    502. Levine JD, Dardick SJ, Basbaum AI, Scipio E. Reflex neurogenic inflammation. I. Contribution of the peripheral nervous system to spatially remote inflammatory responses that follow injury. J Neurosci. 1985 May; 5(5):1380-6. PMID: 3998827.
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    503. Levine JD, Gordon NC. Influence of the method of drug administration on analgesic response. Nature. 1984 Dec 20-1985 Jan 2; 312(5996):755-6. PMID: 6514008.
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    504. Levine JD, Clark R, Devor M, Helms C, Moskowitz MA, Basbaum AI. Intraneuronal substance P contributes to the severity of experimental arthritis. Science. 1984 Nov 2; 226(4674):547-9. PMID: 6208609.
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    505. Fields HL, Levine JD. Pain--mechanics and management. West J Med. 1984 Sep; 141(3):347-57. PMID: 6209862; PMCID: PMC1021824.
    506. Levine JD, Lau W, Kwiat G, Goetzl EJ. Leukotriene B4 produces hyperalgesia that is dependent on polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Science. 1984 Aug 17; 225(4663):743-5. PMID: 6087456.
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    507. Levine JD, Feldmesser M, Tecott L, Lane S, Gordon NC. The role of stimulus intensity and stress in opioid-mediated analgesia. Brain Res. 1984 Jun 25; 304(2):265-9. PMID: 6744043.
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    508. Payan DG, Levine JD, Goetzl EJ. Modulation of immunity and hypersensitivity by sensory neuropeptides. J Immunol. 1984 Apr; 132(4):1601-4. PMID: 6199404.
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    509. Levine JD, Feldmesser M, Tecott L, Gordon NC, Izdebski K. Pain-induced vocalization in the rat and its modification by pharmacological agents. Brain Res. 1984 Mar 26; 296(1):121-7. PMID: 6713204.
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    510. Harlan JM, Levine JD, Callahan KS, Schwartz BR, Harker LA. Glutathione redox cycle protects cultured endothelial cells against lysis by extracellularly generated hydrogen peroxide. J Clin Invest. 1984 Mar; 73(3):706-13. PMID: 6707200; PMCID: PMC425072.
    511. Naifeh KH, Heller PH, Perry F, Gordon NC, Levine JD. Altered electrodermal responsivity associated with clinical pain. Pain. 1983 Jul; 16(3):277-83. PMID: 6888953.
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    512. Levine JD, Gordon NC. Pain in prelingual children and its evaluation by pain-induced vocalization. Pain. 1982 Oct; 14(2):85-93. PMID: 6757843.
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    513. Levine JD, Gordon NC, Fields HL. Naloxone fails to antagonize nitrous oxide analgesia for clinical pain. Pain. 1982 Jun; 13(2):165-70. PMID: 7122107.
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    514. Levine JD, Lane SR, Gordon NC, Fields HL. A spinal opioid synapse mediates the interaction of spinal and brain stem sites in morphine analgesia. Brain Res. 1982 Mar 18; 236(1):85-91. PMID: 6279239.
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    515. Levine JD, Gordon NC, Smith R, Fields HL. Post-operative pain: effect of extent of injury and attention. Brain Res. 1982 Feb 25; 234(2):500-4. PMID: 7059842.
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    516. Levine JD, Gordon NC, Smith R, Fields HL. Analgesic responses to morphine and placebo in individuals with postoperative pain. Pain. 1981 Jun; 10(3):379-89. PMID: 7279424.
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    517. Fields HL, Levine JD. Biology of placebo analgesia. Am J Med. 1981 Apr; 70(4):745-6. PMID: 7211908.
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    518. Gordon NC, Levine JD. Physiological substrates of placebo analgesia. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1981 Apr; 17(2):76-7. PMID: 7244065.
      View in: PubMed
    519. Levine JD, Murphy DT, Seidenwurm D, Cortez A, Fields HL. A study of the quantal (all-or-none) change in reflex latency produced by opiate analgesics. Brain Res. 1980 Nov 10; 201(1):129-41. PMID: 6251949.
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    520. Levine J, Gordon NC, Bornstein JC, Fields HL. Role of pain in placebo analgesia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1979 Jul; 76(7):3528-31. PMID: 291020; PMCID: PMC383861.
    521. Levine J, Gordon NC, Fields HL. Naloxone dose dependently produces analgesia and hyperalgesia in postoperative pain. Nature. 1979 Apr 19; 278(5706):740-1. PMID: 219371.
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    522. Levine J, Gordon NC, Fields HL. The mechanism of placebo analgesia. Lancet. 1978 Sep 23; 2(8091):654-7. PMID: 80579.
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    523. Levine J, Gordon NC, Jones RT, Fields HL. The narcotic antagonist naloxone enhances clinical pain. Nature. 1978 Apr 27; 272(5656):826-7. PMID: 347307.
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    524. Levine J, Gormley J, Fields HL. Observations on the analgesic effects of needle puncture (acupuncture). Pain. 1976 Jun; 2(2):149-59. PMID: 141019.
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