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    Robert Knowlton, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentNeurology
    Address505 Parnassus Ave, Moffitt
    San Francisco CA 94143

       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Esquenazi Y, Kalamangalam GP, Slater JD, Knowlton RC, Friedman E, Morris SA, Shetty A, Gowda A, Tandon N. Stereotactic laser ablation of epileptogenic periventricular nodular heterotopia. Epilepsy Res. 2014 Mar; 108(3):547-54.
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      2. De novo mutations in epileptic encephalopathies. Nature. 2013 Sep 12; 501(7466):217-21.
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      3. Ver Hoef LW, Paige AL, Riley KO, Cure J, Soltani M, Williams FB, Kennedy RE, Szaflarski JP, Knowlton RC. Evaluating hippocampal internal architecture on MRI: inter-rater reliability of a proposed scoring system. Epilepsy Res. 2013 Sep; 106(1-2):146-54.
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      4. Ver Hoef LW, Williams FB, Kennedy RE, Szaflarski JP, Knowlton RC. Predictive value of hippocampal internal architecture asymmetry in temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Res. 2013 Sep; 106(1-2):155-63.
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      5. Shain C, Ramgopal S, Fallil Z, Parulkar I, Alongi R, Knowlton R, Poduri A. Polymicrogyria-associated epilepsy: a multicenter phenotypic study from the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project. Epilepsia. 2013 Aug; 54(8):1368-75.
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      6. Kim H, Kankirawatana P, Killen J, Harrison A, Oh A, Rozzelle C, Blount J, Knowlton R. Magnetic source imaging (MSI) in children with neocortical epilepsy: surgical outcome association with 3D post-resection analysis. Epilepsy Res. 2013 Sep; 106(1-2):164-72.
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      7. Pisu M, Kratt P, Faught E, Martin RC, Kim Y, Clements K, Knowlton R, Funkhouser E, Richman JS. Geographic variation of epilepsy for older Americans: how close to the geographic variation of stroke? Epilepsia. 2012 Dec; 53(12):2186-93.
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      8. Walker HC, Huang H, Gonzalez CL, Bryant JE, Killen J, Knowlton RC, Montgomery EB, Cutter GC, Yildirim A, Guthrie BL, Watts RL. Short latency activation of cortex by clinically effective thalamic brain stimulation for tremor. Mov Disord. 2012 Sep 15; 27(11):1404-12.
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      9. Kim H, Harrison A, Kankirawatana P, Rozzelle C, Blount J, Torgerson C, Knowlton R. Major white matter fiber changes in medically intractable neocortical epilepsy in children: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Epilepsy Res. 2013 Feb; 103(2-3):211-20.
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      10. Pisu M, Richman JS, Martin RC, Kim Y, Kratt P, Clements K, Funkhouser E, Knowlton R, Faught E. Diagnostic tests and neurology care for Medicare beneficiaries with seizures: differences across racial groups. Med Care. 2012 Aug; 50(8):730-6.
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      11. Hutcheson NL, Reid MA, White DM, Kraguljac NV, Avsar KB, Bolding MS, Knowlton RC, den Hollander JA, Lahti AC. Multimodal analysis of the hippocampus in schizophrenia using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Schizophr Res. 2012 Sep; 140(1-3):136-42.
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      12. Walker HC, Huang H, Gonzalez CL, Bryant JE, Killen J, Cutter GR, Knowlton RC, Montgomery EB, Guthrie BL, Watts RL. Short latency activation of cortex during clinically effective subthalamic deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2012 Jun; 27(7):864-73.
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      13. Faught E, Richman J, Martin R, Funkhouser E, Foushee R, Kratt P, Kim Y, Clements K, Cohen N, Adoboe D, Knowlton R, Pisu M. Incidence and prevalence of epilepsy among older U.S. Medicare beneficiaries. Neurology. 2012 Feb 14; 78(7):448-53.
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      14. Weller RE, Stoeckel LE, Milby JB, Bolding M, Twieg DB, Knowlton RC, Avison MJ, Ding Z. Smaller regional gray matter volume in homeless african american cocaine-dependent men: a preliminary report. Open Neuroimag J. 2011; 5:57-64.
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      15. Bagic AI, Knowlton RC, Rose DF, Ebersole JS. American Clinical Magnetoencephalography Society Clinical Practice Guideline 1: recording and analysis of spontaneous cerebral activity. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 28(4):348-54.
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      16. Bagic AI, Knowlton RC, Rose DF, Ebersole JS. American Clinical Magnetoencephalography Society Clinical Practice Guideline 3: MEG-EEG reporting. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 28(4):362-3.
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      17. Kim H, Lee C, Knowlton R, Rozzelle C, Blount JP. Safety and utility of supplemental depth electrodes for localizing the ictal onset zone in pediatric neocortical epilepsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Jul; 8(1):49-56.
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      18. Knowlton RC, Kar J, Miller S, Limdi N, Elgavish R, Gilliam FG, Riley K, Howell J, Kilgore M. Preference-based quality-of-life measures for neocortical epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia. 2011 May; 52(5):1018-20.
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      19. Stefan H, Rampp S, Knowlton RC. Magnetoencephalography adds to the surgical evaluation process. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):172-7.
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      20. Reid MA, Stoeckel LE, White DM, Avsar KB, Bolding MS, Akella NS, Knowlton RC, den Hollander JA, Lahti AC. Assessments of function and biochemistry of the anterior cingulate cortex in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Oct 1; 68(7):625-33.
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      21. Ver Hoef L, Elgavish R, Knowlton RC. Effect of detection parameters on automated electroencephalography spike detection sensitivity and false-positive rate. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Feb; 27(1):12-6.
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      22. Knowlton RC, Razdan SN, Limdi N, Elgavish RA, Killen J, Blount J, Burneo JG, Ver Hoef L, Paige L, Faught E, Kankirawatana P, Bartolucci A, Riley K, Kuzniecky R. Effect of epilepsy magnetic source imaging on intracranial electrode placement. Ann Neurol. 2009 Jun; 65(6):716-23.
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      23. DeWolfe JL, Knowlton RC, Beasley MT, Cofield S, Faught E, Limdi NA. Hyperammonemia following intravenous valproate loading. Epilepsy Res. 2009 Jul; 85(1):65-71.
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      24. Blount JP, Cormier J, Kim H, Kankirawatana P, Riley KO, Knowlton RC. Advances in intracranial monitoring. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep; 25(3):E18.
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      25. Knowlton RC, Elgavish RA, Bartolucci A, Ojha B, Limdi N, Blount J, Burneo JG, Ver Hoef L, Paige L, Faught E, Kankirawatana P, Riley K, Kuzniecky R. Functional imaging: II. Prediction of epilepsy surgery outcome. Ann Neurol. 2008 Jul; 64(1):35-41.
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      26. Knowlton RC, Elgavish RA, Limdi N, Bartolucci A, Ojha B, Blount J, Burneo JG, Ver Hoef L, Paige L, Faught E, Kankirawatana P, Riley K, Kuzniecky R. Functional imaging: I. Relative predictive value of intracranial electroencephalography. Ann Neurol. 2008 Jul; 64(1):25-34.
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      27. McConley R, Martin R, Palmer CA, Kuzniecky R, Knowlton R, Faught E. Rey Osterrieth complex figure test spatial and figural scoring: relations to seizure focus and hippocampal pathology in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Jul; 13(1):174-7.
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      28. Stoeckel LE, Weller RE, Cook EW, Twieg DB, Knowlton RC, Cox JE. Widespread reward-system activation in obese women in response to pictures of high-calorie foods. Neuroimage. 2008 Jun; 41(2):636-47.
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      29. Ver Hoef LW, Sawrie S, Killen J, Knowlton RC. Left mesial temporal sclerosis and verbal memory: a magnetoencephalography study. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2008 Feb; 25(1):1-6.
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      30. Knowlton RC. Can magnetoencephalography aid epilepsy surgery? Epilepsy Curr. 2008 Jan-Feb; 8(1):1-5.
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      31. Burneo JG, Villanueva V, Knowlton RC, Faught RE, Kuzniecky RI. Kaplan-Meier analysis on seizure outcome after epilepsy surgery: do gender and race influence it? Seizure. 2008 Jun; 17(4):314-9.
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      32. Berkovic SF, Knowlton RC, Leroy RF, Schiemann J, Falter U. Placebo-controlled study of levetiracetam in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Neurology. 2007 Oct 30; 69(18):1751-60.
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      33. Burneo JG, Black L, Martin R, Devinsky O, Pacia S, Faught E, Vasquez B, Knowlton RC, Luciano D, Doyle W, Najjar S, Kuzniecky RI. Race/ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status as predictors of outcome after surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy. Arch Neurol. 2006 Aug; 63(8):1106-10.
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      34. Tayah TF, Abou-Khalil B, Gilliam FG, Knowlton RC, Wushensky CA, Gallagher MJ. Musicogenic seizures can arise from multiple temporal lobe foci: intracranial EEG analyses of three patients. Epilepsia. 2006 Aug; 47(8):1402-6.
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      35. Blount JP, Tubbs RS, Kankirawatana P, Kiel S, Knowlton R, Grabb PA, Bebin M. Vagus nerve stimulation in children less than 5 years old. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006 Sep; 22(9):1167-9.
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      36. Moore TA, Markert JM, Knowlton RC. Dexmedetomidine as rescue drug during awake craniotomy for cortical motor mapping and tumor resection. Anesth Analg. 2006 May; 102(5):1556-8.
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      37. Knowlton RC, Elgavish R, Howell J, Blount J, Burneo JG, Faught E, Kankirawatana P, Riley K, Morawetz R, Worthington J, Kuzniecky RI. Magnetic source imaging versus intracranial electroencephalogram in epilepsy surgery: a prospective study. Ann Neurol. 2006 May; 59(5):835-42.
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      38. Lee D, Sawrie SM, Simos PG, Killen J, Knowlton RC. Reliability of language mapping with magnetic source imaging in epilepsy surgery candidates. Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Jun; 8(4):742-9.
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      39. Knowlton RC. The role of FDG-PET, ictal SPECT, and MEG in the epilepsy surgery evaluation. Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Feb; 8(1):91-101.
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      40. Martin R, Griffith HR, Sawrie S, Knowlton R, Faught E. Determining empirically based self-reported cognitive change: development of reliable change indices and standardized regression-based change norms for the multiple abilities self-report questionnaire in an epilepsy sample. Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Feb; 8(1):239-45.
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      41. Lee D, Simos P, Sawrie SM, Martin RC, Knowlton RC. Dynamic brain activation patterns for face recognition: a magnetoencephalography study. Brain Topogr. 2005; 18(1):19-26.
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      42. Burneo JG, Knowlton RC, Martin R, Faught RE, Kuzniecky RI. Race/ethnicity: a predictor of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery outcome? Epilepsy Behav. 2005 Nov; 7(3):486-90.
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      43. LoGalbo A, Sawrie S, Roth DL, Kuzniecky R, Knowlton R, Faught E, Martin R. Verbal memory outcome in patients with normal preoperative verbal memory and left mesial temporal sclerosis. Epilepsy Behav. 2005 May; 6(3):337-41.
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      44. Burneo JG, Black L, Knowlton RC, Faught E, Morawetz R, Kuzniecky RI. Racial disparities in the use of surgical treatment for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurology. 2005 Jan 11; 64(1):50-4.
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      45. Burneo JG, Knowlton RC, Faught E, Martin R, Sawrie S, Kuzniecky RI. Chronic temporal lobe epilepsy: spatial extent and degree of metabolic dysfunction studied with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Epilepsy Res. 2004 Dec; 62(2-3):119-24.
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      46. Burneo JG, Bebin M, Kuzniecky RI, Knowlton RC. Electroclinical and magnetoencephalographic studies in epilepsy patients with polymicrogyria. Epilepsy Res. 2004 Dec; 62(2-3):125-33.
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      47. Burneo JG, Kuzniecky RI, Bebin M, Knowlton RC. Cortical reorganization in malformations of cortical development: a magnetoencephalographic study. Neurology. 2004 Nov 23; 63(10):1818-24.
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      48. Knowlton RC, Lawn ND, Mountz JM, Buddhiwardhan O, Miller S, Burneo JG, Kuzniecky RI. Ictal single-photon emission computed tomography imaging in extra temporal lobe epilepsy using statistical parametric mapping. J Neuroimaging. 2004 Oct; 14(4):324-30.
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      49. Baños JH, LaGory J, Sawrie S, Faught E, Knowlton R, Prasad A, Kuzniecky R, Martin RC. Self-report of cognitive abilities in temporal lobe epilepsy: cognitive, psychosocial, and emotional factors. Epilepsy Behav. 2004 Aug; 5(4):575-9.
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      50. Knowlton RC, Lawn ND, Mountz JM, Kuzniecky RI. Ictal SPECT analysis in epilepsy: subtraction and statistical parametric mapping techniques. Neurology. 2004 Jul 13; 63(1):10-5.
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      51. Lawn N, Laich E, Ho S, Martin R, Faught E, Knowlton R, Morawetz R, Kuzniecky R. Eclampsia, hippocampal sclerosis, and temporal lobe epilepsy: accident or association? Neurology. 2004 Apr 27; 62(8):1352-6.
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      52. Knowlton RC. Multimodality imaging in partial epilepsies. Curr Opin Neurol. 2004 Apr; 17(2):165-72.
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      53. Knowlton RC, Shih J. Magnetoencephalography in epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2004; 45 Suppl 4:61-71.
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      54. Banos JH, Roth DL, Palmer C, Morawetz R, Knowlton R, Faught E, Kuzniecky R, Bilir E, Martin RC. Confirmatory factor analysis of the california verbal learning test in patients with epilepsy: relationship to clinical and neuropathological markers of temporal lobe epilepsy. Neuropsychology. 2004 Jan; 18(1):60-8.
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      55. Martin R, Burneo JG, Prasad A, Powell T, Faught E, Knowlton R, Mendez M, Kuzniecky R. Frequency of epilepsy in patients with psychogenic seizures monitored by video-EEG. Neurology. 2003 Dec 23; 61(12):1791-2.
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      56. Burneo JG, Martin R, Powell T, Greenlee S, Knowlton RC, Faught RE, Prasad A, Mendez M, Kuzniecky RI. Teddy bears: an observational finding in patients with non-epileptic events. Neurology. 2003 Sep 9; 61(5):714-5.
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      57. Burneo JG, Bilir E, Faught E, Morawetz R, Knowlton RC, Martin R, Kuzniecky RI. Significance of fornix atrophy in temporal lobe epilepsy surgery outcome. Arch Neurol. 2003 Sep; 60(9):1238-42.
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      58. Prasad A, Kuzniecky RI, Knowlton RC, Welty TE, Martin RC, Mendez M, Faught RE. Evolving antiepileptic drug treatment in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Arch Neurol. 2003 Aug; 60(8):1100-5.
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      59. Burneo JG, Knowlton RC, Gomez C, Martin R, Kuzniecky RI. Confirmation of nonconvulsive limbic status epilepticus with the sodium amytal test. Epilepsia. 2003 Aug; 44(8):1122-6.
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      60. Knowlton RC. Magnetoencephalography: clinical application in epilepsy. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2003 Jul; 3(4):341-8.
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      61. Burneo JG, Limdi N, Kuzniecky RI, Knowlton RC, Mendez M, Lawn N, Faught E, Welty TE, Prasad A. Neurotoxicity following addition of intravenous valproate to lamotrigine therapy. Neurology. 2003 Jun 24; 60(12):1991-2.
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      62. Burneo JG, Faught E, Knowlton RC, Martin RC, Bebin M, Morawetz R, Kuzniecky R. Temporal lobectomy in congenital porencephaly associated with hippocampal sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2003 Jun; 60(6):830-4.
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      63. Martin R, Sawrie S, Gilliam F, Mackey M, Faught E, Knowlton R, Kuzniekcy R. Determining reliable cognitive change after epilepsy surgery: development of reliable change indices and standardized regression-based change norms for the WMS-III and WAIS-III. Epilepsia. 2002 Dec; 43(12):1551-8.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Knowlton RC, Abou-Khalil B, Sawrie SM, Martin RC, Faught RE, Kuzniecky RI. In vivo hippocampal metabolic dysfunction in human temporal lobe epilepsy. Arch Neurol. 2002 Dec; 59(12):1882-6.
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      65. Martin RC, Kretzmer T, Palmer C, Sawrie S, Knowlton R, Faught E, Morawetz R, Kuzniecky R. Risk to verbal memory following anterior temporal lobectomy in patients with severe left-sided hippocampal sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2002 Dec; 59(12):1895-901.
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      66. Kuzniecky RI, Knowlton RC. Neuroimaging of epilepsy. Semin Neurol. 2002 Sep; 22(3):279-88.
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      67. Vermathen P, Ende G, Laxer KD, Walker JA, Knowlton RC, Barbaro NM, Matson GB, Weiner MW. Temporal lobectomy for epilepsy: recovery of the contralateral hippocampus measured by (1)H MRS. Neurology. 2002 Aug 27; 59(4):633-6.
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      68. Burneo JG, Faught E, Knowlton R, Morawetz R, Kuzniecky R. Weight loss associated with vagus nerve stimulation. Neurology. 2002 Aug 13; 59(3):463-4.
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      69. Wong ST, Hoo KS, Knowlton RC, Laxer KD, Cao X, Hawkins RA, Dillon WP, Arenson RL. Design and applications of a multimodality image data warehouse framework. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 May-Jun; 9(3):239-54.
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      70. Kuzniecky R, Palmer C, Hugg J, Martin R, Sawrie S, Morawetz R, Faught E, Knowlton R. Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging in temporal lobe epilepsy: neuronal dysfunction or cell loss? Arch Neurol. 2001 Dec; 58(12):2048-53.
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      71. Sawrie SM, Martin RC, Knowlton R, Faught E, Gilliam F, Kuzniecky R. Relationships among hippocampal volumetry, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and verbal memory in temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2001 Nov; 42(11):1403-7.
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      72. Knowlton RC, Laxer KD, Klein G, Sawrie S, Ende G, Hawkins RA, Aassar OS, Soohoo K, Wong S, Barbaro N. In vivo hippocampal glucose metabolism in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurology. 2001 Oct 9; 57(7):1184-90.
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      73. Martin RC, Sawrie SM, Knowlton RC, Bilir E, Gilliam FG, Faught E, Morawetz RB, Kuzniecky R. Bilateral hippocampal atrophy: consequences to verbal memory following temporal lobectomy. Neurology. 2001 Aug 28; 57(4):597-604.
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      74. Sawrie SM, Martin RC, Gilliam F, Knowlton R, Faught E, Kuzniecky R. Verbal retention lateralizes patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy and bilateral hippocampal atrophy. Epilepsia. 2001 May; 42(5):651-9.
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      75. Maton B, Londono A, Sawrie S, Knowlton R, denHollander J, Kuzniecky R. Reproducibility of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging measurements of normal human hippocampus at 1.5 T: clinical implications. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Apr; 11(2):194-201.
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      76. Maton B, Londoño A, Sawrie S, Knowlton R, Martin R, Kuzniecky R. Postictal stability of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging (1H-MRSI) ratios in temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurology. 2001 Jan 23; 56(2):251-3.
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      77. Schuff N, Amend DL, Knowlton R, Norman D, Fein G, Weiner MW. Age-related metabolite changes and volume loss in the hippocampus by magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging. Neurobiol Aging. 1999 May-Jun; 20(3):279-85.
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      78. Vossler DG, Kraemer DL, Knowlton RC, Kjos BO, Rostad SW, Wyler AR, Haltiner AM, Hasegawa H, Wilkus RJ. Temporal ictal electroencephalographic frequency correlates with hippocampal atrophy and sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 1998 Jun; 43(6):756-62.
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      79. Knowlton RC, Laxer KD, Ende G, Hawkins RA, Wong ST, Matson GB, Rowley HA, Fein G, Weiner MW. Presurgical multimodality neuroimaging in electroencephalographic lateralized temporal lobe epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 1997 Dec; 42(6):829-37.
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      80. Knowlton RC, Laxer KD, Aminoff MJ, Roberts TP, Wong ST, Rowley HA. Magnetoencephalography in partial epilepsy: clinical yield and localization accuracy. Ann Neurol. 1997 Oct; 42(4):622-31.
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      81. Vermathen P, Ende G, Laxer KD, Knowlton RC, Matson GB, Weiner MW. Hippocampal N-acetylaspartate in neocortical epilepsy and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 1997 Aug; 42(2):194-9.
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      82. Ende GR, Laxer KD, Knowlton RC, Matson GB, Schuff N, Fein G, Weiner MW. Temporal lobe epilepsy: bilateral hippocampal metabolite changes revealed at proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 1997 Mar; 202(3):809-17.
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