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Paul Volberding, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentMedicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-5469
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of MinnesotaM.D.1975
    University of ChicagoA.B.1971
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Institute of Medicine1999Member

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I was trained in Medical Oncology but became involved in the early AIDS epidemic in San Francisco based at San Francisco General Hospital. I have worked in clinical trials in HIV-related malignancies but primarily in the development of antiretroviral therapy. I am the PI and co-director with Warner Greene of the NIAID-funded UCSF-Gladstone Center for AIDS Research which supports the large community of HIV investigators in San Francisco. CFAR provides core services, pilot grants to early career stage investigators and supports a comprehensive mentorship program. In the Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute I serve as a member of the Board of Directors and formerly directed the Global Health Program. I stepped down as the Chief of the Medical Service at the San Francisco VA Medical Center in 2012 to become the Director of the UCSF AIDS Research Institute and Director of Research for UCSF Global Health Sciences. The ARI is the comprehensive University organization that links all HIV/AIDS research programs and is the central focus for communications, media relations and philanthropic support for this internationally recognized response to the HIV epidemic. Recently, the ARI became the administrative home for a unique initiative to cure HIV infection funded by amfAR, the Foundation for AIDS Research. I serve as the Director of the amfAR Institute for HIV Cure, working with leading scientists at UCSF, the Gladstone Institute for Virology and Immunology, and Blood Systems Research Institute. My role at GHS as the Director of Research is to convene and sustain the rapidly expanding group of UCSF faculty members conducting research in over 60 countries worldwide, and have helped create a global health Affiliate Faculty Program with over 250 members across the entire University. I also serve as the Associate Chair of the UCSF Department of Medicine for Global Health. My clinical appointment is at the VA where I maintain an active HIV outpatient practice and where I serve on the Board of Directors of the research non-profit, NCIRE. I am the director of the large internet site development and management group, the Center for HIV Information which manages seven sites including the heavily used HIV InSite. I am the Clinical Editor in Chief of the Journal of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes and serve as the Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Accordia Global AIDS Foundation and the Infectious Diseases Institute at Makerere University in Kampala Uganda. I am a board member of the Pangaea Global AIDS Foundation. I am an active member of the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) of the National Academy of Sciences and am the founder and Board Chair of the International Antiviral Society-USA. On Twitter I am @pvolberding.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Recent Advances in AIDS and HIV Research
    NIH/NIAID R13AI102630Sep 1, 2012 - Aug 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cancer Center Support Grant
    NIH/NCI P30CA082103Aug 5, 1999 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Investigator
    SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AIDS
    NIH/NIAID R13AI029901Apr 1, 1990 - Mar 31, 1991
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF-Gladstone Center for AIDS Research
    NIH/NIAID P30AI027763Sep 30, 1988 - Aug 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF-GIVI CENTER FOR AIDS RESEARCH
    NIH/NIMH P30MH059037Sep 30, 1988 - Feb 28, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    LABORATORY AND CLINICAL STUDIES OF AIDS
    NIH/NIAID P01AI024286Feb 1, 1987 - Jun 30, 1992
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SURAMIN IN PATIENTS WITH AIDS AND AIDS RELATED ILLNESSES
    NIH/NIAID N01AI062510Dec 6, 1985
    Role: Principal Investigator
    STUDIES OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
    NIH/NCI U01CA034980May 1, 1983 - Apr 30, 1987
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000083Oct 1, 1974 - Nov 30, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Twitter
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Saag MS, Benson CA, Gandhi RT, Hoy JF, Landovitz RJ, Mugavero MJ, Sax PE, Smith DM, Thompson MA, Buchbinder SP, Del Rio C, Eron JJ, Fätkenheuer G, Günthard HF, Molina JM, Jacobsen DM, Volberding P. Antiretroviral Drugs for Treatment and Prevention of HIV Infection in Adults: 2018 Recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2018 Jul 24; 320(4):379-396. PMID: 30043070.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Sharaf R, Lee GQ, Sun X, Etemad B, Aboukhater LM, Hu Z, Brumme ZL, Aga E, Bosch RJ, Wen Y, Namazi G, Gao C, Acosta EP, Gandhi RT, Jacobson JM, Skiest D, Margolis DM, Mitsuyasu R, Volberding P, Connick E, Kuritzkes DR, Lederman MM, Yu XG, Lichterfeld M, Li JZ. HIV-1 proviral landscapes distinguish posttreatment controllers from noncontrollers. J Clin Invest. 2018 Jul 19. PMID: 30024859.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Strongin Z, Sharaf R, VanBelzen DJ, Jacobson JM, Connick E, Volberding P, Skiest DJ, Gandhi RT, Kuritzkes DR, O'Doherty U, Li JZ. EFFECT OF SHORT-TERM ART INTERRUPTION ON LEVELS OF INTEGRATED HIV DNA. J Virol. 2018 Mar 28. PMID: 29593048.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Benson CA, Currier JS, Del Rio C, Gallant JE, Gulick RM, Marrazzo JM, Richman DD, Saag MS, Schooley RT, Volberding P. A Conversation Among the IAS-USA Board of Directors: Hot Topics and Emerging Data in HIV Research and Care. Top Antivir Med. 2017 Dec/Jan; 24(4):142-151. PMID: 28208122.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Malekinejad M, Parriott A, Blodgett JC, Horvath H, Shrestha RK, Hutchinson AB, Volberding P, Kahn JG. Effectiveness of community-based condom distribution interventions to prevent HIV in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2017; 12(8):e0180718. PMID: 28771484.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Volberding P. How to Survive a Plague: The Next Great HIV/AIDS History. JAMA. 2017 04 04; 317(13):1298-1299. PMID: 28384806.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Volberding P. HIV Treatment and Prevention: An Overview of Recommendations From the IAS-USA Antiretroviral Guidelines Panel. Top Antivir Med. 2017 Feb/Mar; 25(1):17-24. PMID: 28402930.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Volberding P, Blattner WA. JAIDS: Transitions, Evolution, and Impact. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 01 01; 74(1):1-2. PMID: 27926666.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Satre DD, Altschuler A, Parthasarathy S, Silverberg MJ, Volberding P, Campbell CI. Implementation and Operational Research: Affordable Care Act Implementation in a California Health Care System Leads to Growth in HIV-Positive Patient Enrollment and Changes in Patient Characteristics. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Dec 15; 73(5):e76-e82. PMID: 27749602.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rich ZC, Chu C, Mao J, Zhou K, Cai W, Ma Q, Volberding P, Tucker JD. Facilitators of HCV treatment adherence among people who inject drugs: a systematic qualitative review and implications for scale up of direct acting antivirals. BMC Public Health. 2016 09 20; 16:994. PMID: 27645935; PMCID: PMC5029046.
    11. Gupta NK, Nolan A, Omuro A, Reid EG, Wang CC, Mannis G, Jaglal M, Chavez JC, Rubinstein PG, Griffin A, Abrams DI, Hwang J, Kaplan LD, Luce JA, Volberding P, Treseler PA, Rubenstein JL. Long-term survival in AIDS-related primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neuro Oncol. 2017 01; 19(1):99-108. PMID: 27576871.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Meffert SM, Shome S, Neylan TC, Musalo K, Fineberg HV, Cooke MM, Volberding P, Goosby EP. Health impact of human rights testimony: harming the most vulnerable? BMJ Glob Health. 2016; 1(1):e000001. PMID: 28588904.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Günthard HF, Saag MS, Benson CA, del Rio C, Eron JJ, Gallant JE, Hoy JF, Mugavero MJ, Sax PE, Thompson MA, Gandhi RT, Landovitz RJ, Smith DM, Jacobsen DM, Volberding P. Antiretroviral Drugs for Treatment and Prevention of HIV Infection in Adults: 2016 Recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2016 Jul 12; 316(2):191-210. PMID: 27404187; PMCID: PMC5012643.
    14. Chu CE, Wu F, He X, Zhou K, Cheng Y, Cai W, Geng E, Volberding P, Tucker JD. Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Access Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)-Coinfected People Who Inject Drugs in Guangzhou, China: Implications for HCV Treatment Expansion. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016 Apr; 3(2):ofw065. PMID: 27419150; PMCID: PMC4943171.
    15. Tang W, Han L, Best J, Zhang Y, Mollan K, Kim J, Liu F, Hudgens M, Bayus B, Terris-Prestholt F, Galler S, Yang L, Peeling R, Volberding P, Ma B, Xu H, Yang B, Huang S, Fenton K, Wei C, Tucker JD. Crowdsourcing HIV Test Promotion Videos: A Noninferiority Randomized Controlled Trial in China. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 06 01; 62(11):1436-1442. PMID: 27129465; PMCID: PMC4872295 [Available on 06/01/17].
    16. Shearer DW, Volberding P, Schemitsch EH, Cook GE, Slobogean GP, Morshed S. Building Networks for Global Clinical Research: The Basics. J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Dec; 29 Suppl 12:S15-8. PMID: 26584260.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Chu CE, Wu F, He X, Ma Q, Cheng Y, Cai W, Volberding P, Tucker JD. Exploring the social meaning of curing HIV: a qualitative study of people who inject drugs in Guangzhou, China. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2015 Jan; 31(1):78-84. PMID: 25427547; PMCID: PMC4287130.
    18. Lambdin BH, Cheng B, Peter T, Mbwambo J, Apollo T, Dunbar M, Udoh IC, Cattamanchi A, Geng EH, Volberding P. Implementing Implementation Science: An Approach for HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment Programs. Curr HIV Res. 2015; 13(3):244-9. PMID: 25986374; PMCID: PMC4460284.
    19. Volberding P. Highlights of the 2014 International AIDS Conference: update from down under. Top Antivir Med. 2014 Dec-2015 Jan; 22(5):694-7. PMID: 25612178.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Tucker JD, Volberding P, Margolis DM, Rennie S, Barré-Sinoussi F. Words matter: Discussing research towards an HIV cure in research and clinical contexts. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 01; 67(3):e110-1. PMID: 25314254; PMCID: PMC4199082.
    21. Günthard HF, Aberg JA, Eron JJ, Hoy JF, Telenti A, Benson CA, Burger DM, Cahn P, Gallant JE, Glesby MJ, Reiss P, Saag MS, Thomas DL, Jacobsen DM, Volberding P. Antiretroviral treatment of adult HIV infection: 2014 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2014 Jul 23-30; 312(4):410-25. PMID: 25038359.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Volberding P. HIV cure: the target is clearer but not yet close. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Apr 01; 160(7):505-6. PMID: 24424733.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Volberding P. Solving the mystery of JAIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 01; 63(4):417. PMID: 23722609.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Das M, Volberding P. Bringing the end in sight: consensus regarding HIV screening strategies. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Jul 02; 159(1):63-4. PMID: 23698261.
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    25. El-Sadr WM, Morrison JS, Quinn T, Volberding P. A chronicle of hope and promise: the world as it was, as it is, and as it can be. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Aug 15; 60 Suppl 3:S49-50. PMID: 22797739.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Thompson MA, Aberg JA, Hoy JF, Telenti A, Benson C, Cahn P, Eron JJ, Günthard HF, Hammer SM, Reiss P, Richman DD, Rizzardini G, Thomas DL, Jacobsen DM, Volberding P. Antiretroviral treatment of adult HIV infection: 2012 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA panel. JAMA. 2012 Jul 25; 308(4):387-402. PMID: 22820792.
      View in: PubMed
    27. High KP, Brennan-Ing M, Clifford DB, Cohen MH, Currier J, Deeks SG, Deren S, Effros RB, Gebo K, Goronzy JJ, Justice AC, Landay A, Levin J, Miotti PG, Munk RJ, Nass H, Rinaldo CR, Shlipak MG, Tracy R, Valcour V, Vance DE, Walston JD, Volberding P. HIV and aging: state of knowledge and areas of critical need for research. A report to the NIH Office of AIDS Research by the HIV and Aging Working Group. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Jul 01; 60 Suppl 1:S1-18. PMID: 22688010; PMCID: PMC3413877.
    28. Brown B, Henry K, Volberding P. A clinical view: a trio of HIV specialists offer their take on HIV--then, now, and in the future. Interview by Heidi M Nass. Posit Aware. 2012; 24(4):2-5. PMID: 23094300.
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    29. Connick E, Bosch RJ, Aga E, Schlichtemeier R, Demeter LM, Volberding P. Augmented HIV-specific interferon-gamma responses, but impaired lymphoproliferation during interruption of antiretroviral treatment initiated in primary HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Sep 01; 58(1):1-8. PMID: 21637110; PMCID: PMC3159837.
    30. Tabas JA, Boscardin C, Jacobsen DM, Steinman MA, Volberding P, Baron RB. Clinician attitudes about commercial support of continuing medical education: results of a detailed survey. Arch Intern Med. 2011 May 09; 171(9):840-6. PMID: 21555662.
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    31. Martin J, Volberding P. HIV and premature aging: A field still in its infancy. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Oct 05; 153(7):477-9. PMID: 20921548.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Dykes C, Mukherjee AL, Bosch RJ, Connick E, Volberding P, Demeter LM. Prevalence of primary resistance at baseline in acutely and recently infected subjects enrolled in AIDS clinical trials group protocol 371. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Sep; 55(1):132-4. PMID: 20733405; PMCID: PMC2928582.
    33. Thompson MA, Aberg JA, Cahn P, Montaner JS, Rizzardini G, Telenti A, Gatell JM, Günthard HF, Hammer SM, Hirsch MS, Jacobsen DM, Reiss P, Richman DD, Volberding P, Yeni P, Schooley RT. Antiretroviral treatment of adult HIV infection: 2010 recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA panel. JAMA. 2010 Jul 21; 304(3):321-33. PMID: 20639566.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Volberding P, Deeks SG. Antiretroviral therapy and management of HIV infection. Lancet. 2010 Jul 03; 376(9734):49-62. PMID: 20609987.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Choi AI, Li Y, Parikh C, Volberding P, Shlipak MG. Long-term clinical consequences of acute kidney injury in the HIV-infected. Kidney Int. 2010 Sep; 78(5):478-85. PMID: 20520594; PMCID: PMC3913062.
    36. Choi AI, Li Y, Deeks SG, Grunfeld C, Volberding P, Shlipak MG. Association between kidney function and albuminuria with cardiovascular events in HIV-infected persons. Circulation. 2010 Feb 09; 121(5):651-8. PMID: 20100969; PMCID: PMC2829672.
    37. Linzer M, Warde C, Alexander RW, Demarco DM, Haupt A, Hicks L, Kutner J, Mangione CM, Mechaber H, Rentz M, Riley J, Schuster B, Solomon GD, Volberding P, Ibrahim T. Part-time careers in academic internal medicine: a report from the association of specialty professors part-time careers task force on behalf of the alliance for academic internal medicine. Acad Med. 2009 Oct; 84(10):1395-400. PMID: 19881429.
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    38. Volberding P, Demeter L, Bosch RJ, Aga E, Pettinelli C, Hirsch M, Vogler M, Martinez A, Little S, Connick E. Antiretroviral therapy in acute and recent HIV infection: a prospective multicenter stratified trial of intentionally interrupted treatment. AIDS. 2009 Sep 24; 23(15):1987-95. PMID: 19696651; PMCID: PMC2888600.
    39. Volberding P. Cohorts, trials, and evidence: expanding our confidence in guidelines for antiretroviral resistance testing. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Jul 21; 151(2):135-6. PMID: 19620166.
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    40. Hammer SM, Eron JJ, Reiss P, Schooley RT, Thompson MA, Walmsley S, Cahn P, Fischl MA, Gatell JM, Hirsch MS, Jacobsen DM, Montaner JS, Richman DD, Yeni PG, Volberding P. Antiretroviral treatment of adult HIV infection: 2008 recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA panel. JAMA. 2008 Aug 06; 300(5):555-70. PMID: 18677028.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Choi AI, Rodriguez RA, Bacchetti P, Volberding P, Havlir D, Bertenthal D, Bostrom A, O'Hare AM. Low rates of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients with chronic kidney disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Dec 15; 45(12):1633-9. PMID: 18190326.
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    42. Choi AI, Rodriguez RA, Bacchetti P, Bertenthal D, Volberding P, O'Hare AM. Racial differences in end-stage renal disease rates in HIV infection versus diabetes. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007 Nov; 18(11):2968-74. PMID: 17942954.
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    43. Behler CM, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, Chung RT, Peters MG, Robbins GK, Volberding P. Hematologic toxicity associated with interferon-based hepatitis C therapy in HIV type 1-coinfected subjects. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 May 15; 44(10):1375-83. PMID: 17443478; PMCID: PMC4075655.
    44. Holodniy M, Hornberger J, Rapoport D, Robertus K, MaCurdy TE, Lopez J, Volberding P, Deyton L. Relationship between antiretroviral prescribing patterns and treatment guidelines in treatment-naive HIV-1-infected US veterans (1992-2004). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Jan 01; 44(1):20-9. PMID: 17091020.
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    45. Hammer SM, Saag MS, Schechter M, Montaner JS, Schooley RT, Jacobsen DM, Thompson MA, Carpenter CC, Fischl MA, Gazzard BG, Gatell JM, Hirsch MS, Katzenstein DA, Richman DD, Vella S, Yeni PG, Volberding P. Treatment for adult HIV infection: 2006 recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA panel. JAMA. 2006 Aug 16; 296(7):827-43. PMID: 16905788.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Hammer SM, Saag MS, Schechter M, Montaner JS, Schooley RT, Jacobsen DM, Thompson MA, Carpenter CC, Fischl MA, Gazzard BG, Gatell JM, Hirsch MS, Katzenstein DA, Richman DD, Vella S, Yeni PG, Volberding P. Treatment for adult HIV infection: 2006 recommendations of the International AIDS Society--USA panel. Top HIV Med. 2006 Aug-Sep; 14(3):827-43. PMID: 17016878.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Volberding P. The New York case: lessons being learned. Ann Intern Med. 2005 May 17; 142(10):866-8. PMID: 15845950.
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    48. Behler C, Shade S, Gregory K, Abrams D, Volberding P. Anemia and HIV in the antiretroviral era: potential significance of testosterone. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2005 Mar; 21(3):200-6. PMID: 15795525.
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    49. Michaels MG, Kaufman C, Volberding P, Gupta P, Switzer WM, Heneine W, Sandstrom P, Kaplan L, Swift P, Damon L, Ildstad ST. Baboon bone-marrow xenotransplant in a patient with advanced HIV disease: case report and 8-year follow-up. Transplantation. 2004 Dec 15; 78(11):1582-9. PMID: 15591945.
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    50. Henry DH, Volberding P, Leitz G. Epoetin alfa for treatment of anemia in HIV-infected patients: past, present, and future. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Oct 01; 37(2):1221-7. PMID: 15385728.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Chung RT, Andersen J, Volberding P, Robbins GK, Liu T, Sherman KE, Peters MG, Koziel MJ, Bhan AK, Alston B, Colquhoun D, Nevin T, Harb G, van der Horst C. Peginterferon Alfa-2a plus ribavirin versus interferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C in HIV-coinfected persons. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jul 29; 351(5):451-9. PMID: 15282352; PMCID: PMC4113392.
    52. Yeni PG, Hammer SM, Hirsch MS, Saag MS, Schechter M, Carpenter CC, Fischl MA, Gatell JM, Gazzard BG, Jacobsen DM, Katzenstein DA, Montaner JS, Richman DD, Schooley RT, Thompson MA, Vella S, Volberding P. Treatment for adult HIV infection: 2004 recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2004 Jul 14; 292(2):251-65. PMID: 15249575.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Volberding P, Levine AM, Dieterich D, Mildvan D, Mitsuyasu R, Saag M. Anemia in HIV infection: clinical impact and evidence-based management strategies. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 May 15; 38(10):1454-63. PMID: 15156485.
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    54. Volberding P. Initiating HIV therapy. Timing is critical, controversial. Postgrad Med. 2004 Feb; 115(2):15-8, 21, 24-6. PMID: 15000057.
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    55. Volberding P. Opportunities and options for treatment research in resource-constrained settings. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 01; 37(Suppl 1):S1-3. PMID: 12822126.
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    56. Volberding P. HIV therapy in 2003: consensus and controversy. AIDS. 2003 Apr; 17 Suppl 1:S4-11. PMID: 12870525.
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    57. Volberding P, Murphy RL, Barbaro G, Barbarini G, Bruno R, Cirelli A, Currie PF, Di Lorenzo G, Fantoni M, Filiced G, Galli M, Grisorio B, Moroni M, Recusani F, Sacchi P, Scevola D, Stein JH, Torre D, Vittecoq D. The pavia consensus statement. AIDS. 2003 Apr; 17 Suppl 1:S170-9. PMID: 12870544.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Lalezari JP, Eron JJ, Carlson M, Cohen C, DeJesus E, Arduino RC, Gallant JE, Volberding P, Murphy RL, Valentine F, Nelson EL, Sista PR, Dusek A, Kilby JM. A phase II clinical study of the long-term safety and antiviral activity of enfuvirtide-based antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2003 Mar 28; 17(5):691-8. PMID: 12646792.
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    59. Volberding P, Baker KR, Levine AM. Human immunodeficiency virus hematology. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2003; 294-313. PMID: 14633787.
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    60. Blower S, Volberding P. What can modeling tell us about the threat of antiviral drug resistance? Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2002 Dec; 15(6):609-14. PMID: 12821838.
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    61. Volberding P. Adherence, resistance, and timing: current issues in the use of new therapies. AIDS Read. 2002 Aug; 12(8):349-50, 356-7, 368. PMID: 12229892.
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    62. Rossi SJ, Volberding P, Wright TL. Does hepatitis C virus infection increase the risk of HIV disease progression? JAMA. 2002 Jul 10; 288(2):241-3. PMID: 12095390.
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    63. Yeni PG, Hammer SM, Carpenter CC, Cooper DA, Fischl MA, Gatell JM, Gazzard BG, Hirsch MS, Jacobsen DM, Katzenstein DA, Montaner JS, Richman DD, Saag MS, Schechter M, Schooley RT, Thompson MA, Vella S, Volberding P. Antiretroviral treatment for adult HIV infection in 2002: updated recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2002 Jul 10; 288(2):222-35. PMID: 12095387.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Kilby JM, Lalezari JP, Eron JJ, Carlson M, Cohen C, Arduino RC, Goodgame JC, Gallant JE, Volberding P, Murphy RL, Valentine F, Saag MS, Nelson EL, Sista PR, Dusek A. The safety, plasma pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of subcutaneous enfuvirtide (T-20), a peptide inhibitor of gp41-mediated virus fusion, in HIV-infected adults. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2002 Jul 01; 18(10):685-93. PMID: 12167274.
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    65. Volberding P, Sullivan P. Introduction: the importance of identifying and treating complications of human immunodeficiency virus disease. J Infect Dis. 2002 May 15; 185 Suppl 2:S103-4. PMID: 12001029.
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    66. Volberding P. The impact of anemia on quality of life in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. J Infect Dis. 2002 May 15; 185 Suppl 2:S110-4. PMID: 12001031.
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    67. Volberding P. Who cares for AIDS? J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Jan; 17(1):82-3. PMID: 11903780; PMCID: PMC1495001.