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    Randall Higashida, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentRadiology
    Address505 Parnassus Avenue
    San Francisco CA 94117
    Phone415-353-1863
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology2005Charles T. Dotter Memorial Lecture
      2000 - 2001Who’s Who in the West Outstanding Physicians
      1998 - 2000The Best Doctors in America Fourth Edition
      Western Neuroradiological Society1994Honorable Mention for the Wilson Award for Outstanding Scientific Paper Presentation
      American Journal of Neuroradiology1992 - 1996Honors in Reviewing
      American Society of Neuroradiology1985Cum Laude Award for Scientific Exhibit
      UCLA Radiological Sciences Department1983 - 1985Cum Laude and Magna Cum Laude Award

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Randall T. Higashida, MD, is a Professor of Clinical Radiology, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, and Anesthesiology at the University of California, San Francisco. He is Chief of the Division of Interventional Neurovascular Radiology at UCSF Medical Center, one of the leading institutions specializing in the minimally invasive treatment of complex cerebrovascular diseases and stroke. Dr. Higashida obtained his medical degree from the School of Medicine at Tulane University in New Orleans 1980, and completed his residency and fellowship training at UCLA Medical Center in 1984.

      Currently, Dr. Higashida’s basic science research is being conducted to study newer, more innovative techniques to treat a variety of neurovascular disorders including aneurysms, vascular malformations, tumors, and vasospasm in animal models and in active clinical practice within the interventional neurovascular radiology section at UCSF. Dr. Higashida and his colleagues have pioneered many of the techniques, devices, and indications for treatment of a variety of complex neurovascular disorders.

      Dr. Higashida has published over 305 scientific articles on stroke and related topics, and he authored over 122 book chapters. His articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, Stroke, American Journal of Neuroradiology, Journal of Neurosurgery, Journal of Endovascular Surgery, Lancet, Neurology, and the Journal of the American Medical Association. He is on 10 scientific editorial boards and serves as a manuscript reviewer for 9 additional journals.

      Expertise:
      Neuro Interventional Radiology

      Specialty:
      Minimally invasive treatment of complex cerebrovascular diseases and stroke

      Professional Interests:
      Intracranial aneurysms, angioplasty of vasospasm, management of acute hemorrhage, and intravascular closure of carotid cavernous sinus fistulas

      Education and Training:
      • Medical School: Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans
      • Internship: Harbor University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance
      • Residency: University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center - Diagnostic Radiology
      • Residency: Armed Force Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Washington, DC
      • Fellowship: University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center - Neuroradiology/Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
      • California Medical License
      • American Board of Radiology (Certified)
      • Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Advanced Life Support in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
      • Federal Licensure Examination for Medical Boards

      Collapse Interests
      Intracranial aneurysms, angioplasty of vasospasm, management of acute hemorrhage, and intravascular closure of carotid cavernous sinus fistulas.

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Websites

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Lum MA, Martin AJ, Alexander MD, McCoy DB, Cooke DL, Lillaney P, Moftakhar P, Amans MR, Settecase F, Nicholson A, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW, Saloner D, Hetts SW. Intra-Arterial MR Perfusion Imaging of Meningiomas: Comparison to Digital Subtraction Angiography and Intravenous MR Perfusion Imaging. PLoS One. 2016; 11(11):e0163554. PMID: 27802268.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Alexander MD, Nicholson AD, Darflinger RJ, Settecase F, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Amans MR, Higashida RT, Hetts SW, Halbach VV. Effects on vessel measurement accuracy and subsequent occlusion after calcium channel blocker infusion during treatment of cerebral aneurysms with the Pipeline embolization device. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Oct 26. PMID: 27798327.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, Maluste N, Fullerton HJ, Cooke DL, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: age-related differences in clinical features, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 18(5):602-610. PMID: 27540826.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Meng L, Settecase F, Xiao J, Yu Z, Flexman AM, Higashida RT. Initial clinical experience with near-infrared spectroscopy in assessing cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in cerebral vasospasm before and after intra-arterial verapamil injection. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr; 26:63-9. PMID: 26765758.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Meng L, Hall M, Settecase F, Higashida RT, Gelb AW. Monitoring cerebral tissue oxygen saturation at frontal and parietal regions during carotid artery stenting. J Anesth. 2016 Apr; 30(2):340-4. PMID: 26676307.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Settecase F, Nicholson AD, Amans MR, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Hetts SW. Onyx embolization of an intraosseous pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery in a patient with meningiomatosis, McCune-Albright syndrome, and gray platelet syndrome. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Mar; 17(3):324-9. PMID: 26588455.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Settecase F, Hetts SW, Nicholson AD, Amans MR, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Superselective Intra-Arterial Ethanol Sclerotherapy of Feeding Artery and Nidal Aneurysms in Ruptured Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016 Apr; 37(4):692-7. PMID: 26564434.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Meyers PM, Higashida RT, McDougall CG, Hussein MS, Hirsch JA, Rasmussen PA. Editorial: Discipline and training. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 124(1):9-12. PMID: 26275001.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Narvid J, Amans MR, Cooke DL, Hetts SW, Dillon WP, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Spontaneous retroclival hematoma: a case series. J Neurosurg. 2016 Mar; 124(3):716-9. PMID: 26252463.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Sun Z, Lawson DA, Sinclair E, Wang CY, Lai MD, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Werb Z, Su H, Cooke DL. Endovascular biopsy: Strategy for analyzing gene expression profiles of individual endothelial cells obtained from human vessels(?). Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2015 Sep; 7:157-165. PMID: 26989654.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Hetts SW, Tsai T, Cooke DL, Amans MR, Settecase F, Moftakhar P, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Halbach VV. Progressive versus Nonprogressive Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Characteristics and Outcomes. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Oct; 36(10):1912-9. PMID: 26206813.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Seymour ZA, Sneed PK, Gupta N, Lawton MT, Molinaro AM, Young W, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW. Volume-staged radiosurgery for large arteriovenous malformations: an evolving paradigm. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 124(1):163-74. PMID: 26140495.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Alexander MD, Rebhun JM, Hetts SW, Kim AS, Nelson J, Kim H, Amans MR, Settecase F, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Cooke DL. Lesion location, stability, and pretreatment management: factors affecting outcomes of endovascular treatment for vertebrobasilar atherosclerosis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 May; 8(5):466-70. PMID: 25795438.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Moftakhar P, Cooke DL, Fullerton HJ, Ko NU, Amans MR, Narvid JA, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Extent of collateralization predicting symptomatic cerebral vasospasm among pediatric patients: correlations among angiography, transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, and clinical findings. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Mar; 15(3):282-90. PMID: 25555113.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Sun Z, Su H, Long B, Sinclair E, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Cooke DL. Endothelial cell high-enrichment from endovascular biopsy sample by laser capture microdissection and fluorescence activated cell sorting. J Biotechnol. 2014 Dec 20; 192 Pt A:34-9. PMID: 25450638.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Alexander MD, Cooke DL, Meyers PM, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Lesion stability characteristics outperform degree of stenosis in predicting outcomes following stenting for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Jan; 8(1):19-23. PMID: 25416828.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Cooke DL, Stout CE, Kim WT, Kansagra AP, Yu JP, Gu A, Jewell NP, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Cerebral arterial fenestrations. Interv Neuroradiol. 2014 May-Jun; 20(3):261-74. PMID: 24976087; PMCID: PMC4178766.
      18. Chow ML, Cooke DL, Fullerton HJ, Amans MR, Narvid J, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Radiological and clinical features of vein of Galen malformations. J Neurointerv Surg. 2015 Jun; 7(6):443-8. PMID: 24789593.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Alexander MD, Meyers PM, English JD, Stradford TR, Sung S, Smith WS, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Cooke DL, Hetts SW. Symptom differences and pretreatment asymptomatic interval affect outcomes of stenting for intracranial atherosclerotic disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Jun; 35(6):1157-62. PMID: 24676000.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Hetts SW, Cooke DL, Nelson J, Gupta N, Fullerton H, Amans MR, Narvid JA, Moftakhar P, McSwain H, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Lawton MT, Kim H. Influence of patient age on angioarchitecture of brain arteriovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Jul; 35(7):1376-80. PMID: 24627452; PMCID: PMC4102659.
      21. Amans MR, Cooke DL, Vella M, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Contrast staining on CT after DSA in ischemic stroke patients progresses to infarction and rarely hemorrhages. Interv Neuroradiol. 2014 Jan-Feb; 20(1):106-15. PMID: 24556308; PMCID: PMC3971133.
      22. Katzan IL, Spertus J, Bettger JP, Bravata DM, Reeves MJ, Smith EE, Bushnell C, Higashida RT, Hinchey JA, Holloway RG, Howard G, King RB, Krumholz HM, Lutz BJ, Yeh RW. Risk adjustment of ischemic stroke outcomes for comparing hospital performance: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014 Mar; 45(3):918-44. PMID: 24457296.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Cooke DL, Stout CE, Kim WT, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Gould RG. Radiation dose reduction in intra-arterial chemotherapy infusion for intraocular retinoblastoma. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Dec; 6(10):785-9. PMID: 24385553.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Amans MR, Stout C, Fox C, Narvid J, Hetts SW, Cooke DL, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, McSwain H, Halbach VV. Cerebral arteriopathy associated with Arg179His ACTA2 mutation. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Nov; 6(9):e46. PMID: 24353327.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Higashida R, Alberts MJ, Alexander DN, Crocco TJ, Demaerschalk BM, Derdeyn CP, Goldstein LB, Jauch EC, Mayer SA, Meltzer NM, Peterson ED, Rosenwasser RH, Saver JL, Schwamm L, Summers D, Wechsler L, Wood JP. Interactions within stroke systems of care: a policy statement from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Oct; 44(10):2961-84. PMID: 23988638.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Ovbiagele B, Goldstein LB, Higashida RT, Howard VJ, Johnston SC, Khavjou OA, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Mohl S, Sacco RL, Saver JL, Trogdon JG. Forecasting the future of stroke in the United States: a policy statement from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Aug; 44(8):2361-75. PMID: 23697546.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Losey AD, Lillaney P, Martin AJ, Halbach VV, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Saloner DA, Wilson MW, Saeed M, Hetts SW. Safety of retained microcatheters: an evaluation of radiofrequency heating in endovascular microcatheters with nitinol, tungsten, and polyetheretherketone braiding at 1.5 T and 3 T. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 May; 6(4):314-9. PMID: 23685793; PMCID: PMC3796159.
      28. Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Jul; 44(7):2064-89. PMID: 23652265.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Kansagra AP, Cooke DL, English JD, Sincic RM, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Current trends in endovascular management of traumatic cerebrovascular injury. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Jan; 6(1):47-50. PMID: 23322749.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell N. Randomised trial of clazosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage undergoing surgical clipping (CONSCIOUS-2). Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2013; 115:27-31. PMID: 22890639.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Moftakhar P, English JD, Cooke DL, Kim WT, Stout C, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Density of thrombus on admission CT predicts revascularization efficacy in large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2013 Jan; 44(1):243-5. PMID: 23111438.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular acute ischemic stroke treatment. Neurology. 2012 Sep 25; 79(13 Suppl 1):S234-8. PMID: 23008404.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Hetts SW, Keenan K, Fullerton HJ, Young WL, English JD, Gupta N, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial nongalenic pial arteriovenous fistulas: clinical features, angioarchitecture, and outcomes. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012 Oct; 33(9):1710-9. PMID: 22766672.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Cooke DL, Meisel KM, Kim WT, Stout CE, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Serial angiographic appearance of segmental arterial mediolysis manifesting as vertebral, internal mammary and intra-abdominal visceral artery aneurysms in a patient presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and review of the literature. J Neurointerv Surg. 2013 Sep 1; 5(5):478-82. PMID: 22693248.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Lackland DT, Elkind MS, D'Agostino R, Dhamoon MS, Goff DC, Higashida RT, McClure LA, Mitchell PH, Sacco RL, Sila CA, Smith SC, Tanne D, Tirschwell DL, Touzé E, Wechsler LR. Inclusion of stroke in cardiovascular risk prediction instruments: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2012 Jul; 43(7):1998-2027. PMID: 22627990.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Connolly ES, Rabinstein AA, Carhuapoma JR, Derdeyn CP, Dion J, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Kirkness CJ, Naidech AM, Ogilvy CS, Patel AB, Thompson BG, Vespa P. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/american Stroke Association. Stroke. 2012 Jun; 43(6):1711-37. PMID: 22556195.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Nowbakht P, Roux S, Kassell N. Randomized trial of clazosentan in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage undergoing endovascular coiling. Stroke. 2012 Jun; 43(6):1463-9. PMID: 22403047.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, English JD, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Douglas VC, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas and intrathecal venous drainage: correlation between digital subtraction angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical findings. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 May; 16(5):433-40. PMID: 22324803.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Tatum J, Farid H, Cooke D, Fullerton H, Smith W, Higashida R, Halbach VV, Dowd C. Mechanical embolectomy for treatment of large vessel acute ischemic stroke in children. J Neurointerv Surg. 2013 Mar; 5(2):128-34. PMID: 22307540.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Meyers PM, Blackham KA, Abruzzo TA, Gandhi CD, Higashida RT, Hirsch JA, Hsu D, Moran CJ, Narayanan S, Prestigiacomo CJ, Tarr R, Hussein MS. Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery Standards of Practice: general considerations. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jan 1; 4(1):11-5. PMID: 22166819.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Kishore S, Ko N, Soares BP, Higashida RT, Tong E, Bhogal S, Bredno J, Cheng SC, Wintermark M. Perfusion-CT assessment of blood-brain barrier permeability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neuroradiol. 2012 Dec; 39(5):317-25. PMID: 22197406.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Ellis JA, Youngerman BE, Higashida RT, Altschul D, Meyers PM. Endovascular treatment strategies for acute ischemic stroke. Int J Stroke. 2011 Dec; 6(6):511-22. PMID: 22111796.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Hetts SW, English JD, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Scanlon JT, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial aneurysms: new and enlarging aneurysms after index aneurysm treatment or observation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Dec; 32(11):2017-22. PMID: 22081674.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Alexander MD, Hetts SW, Young WL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, English JD. Supernova hemorrhage: obliterative hemorrhage of brain arteriovenous malformations following ? knife radiosurgery. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Sep; 4(5):364-7. PMID: 21990534.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Eesa M, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Advances in revascularization for acute ischemic stroke treatment: an update. Expert Rev Neurother. 2011 Aug; 11(8):1125-39. PMID: 21797654.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Gorelick PB, Scuteri A, Black SE, Decarli C, Greenberg SM, Iadecola C, Launer LJ, Laurent S, Lopez OL, Nyenhuis D, Petersen RC, Schneider JA, Tzourio C, Arnett DK, Bennett DA, Chui HC, Higashida RT, Lindquist R, Nilsson PM, Roman GC, Sellke FW, Seshadri S. Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia: a statement for healthcare professionals from the american heart association/american stroke association. Stroke. 2011 Sep; 42(9):2672-713. PMID: 21778438; PMCID: PMC3778669.
      47. Cooke D, Farid H, Kim W, Dowd C, Higashida R, Halbach V. Zygomatico-orbital intra-arterial melphalan infusion for intraocular retinoblastoma. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jul; 4(4):e16. PMID: 21990490.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Cooke D, Tatum J, Farid H, Dowd C, Higashida R, Halbach V. Transvenous embolization of a pediatric pial arteriovenous fistula. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jul; 4(4):e14. PMID: 21990498.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Connolly ES, Heyer EJ, Gray WA, Higashida RT. Current status of endovascular stroke treatment. Circulation. 2011 Jun 7; 123(22):2591-601. PMID: 21646506; PMCID: PMC3257061.
      50. Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell N. Clazosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage undergoing surgical clipping: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial (CONSCIOUS-2). Lancet Neurol. 2011 Jul; 10(7):618-25. PMID: 21640651.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Temporal stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Jul; 22(7):1007-11. PMID: 21419648; PMCID: PMC3125409.
      52. Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell NF. Preventing vasospasm improves outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: rationale and design of CONSCIOUS-2 and CONSCIOUS-3 trials. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Dec; 13(3):416-24. PMID: 20838933.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Dec; 2(4):324-40. PMID: 21990641.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Martin AJ, Hetts SW, Dillon WP, Higashida RT, Halbach V, Dowd CF, Lawton MT, Saloner D. MR imaging of partially thrombosed cerebral aneurysms: characteristics and evolution. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Feb; 32(2):346-51. PMID: 21087941; PMCID: PMC3542832.
      55. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Dec; 2(4):312-23. PMID: 21990640.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Antonietti L, Sheth SA, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Lawton MT, English JD, Hetts SW. Long-term outcome in the repair of spinal cord perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Nov; 31(10):1824-30. PMID: 20813874.
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      57. Jun P, Ko NU, English JD, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Hetts SW. Endovascular treatment of medically refractory cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Nov; 31(10):1911-6. PMID: 20616179; PMCID: PMC4067264.
      58. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JA, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. J Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 113(1):149-52. PMID: 20035576.
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      59. Appelboom G, Strozyk D, Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Current recommendations for endovascular interventions in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2010 Jul; 12(4):244-50. PMID: 20461559.
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      60. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Creager MA, Gupta R, McDougall CG, Pandey DK, Sacks D, Wechsler LR. Indications for the performance of intracranial endovascular neurointerventional procedures. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Jun; 2(2):177-88. PMID: 21990605.
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      61. Komotar RJ, Kellner CP, Raper DM, Strozyk D, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Update on the natural history of intracranial atherosclerotic disease: A critical review. World J Radiol. 2010 May 28; 2(5):166-71. PMID: 21161031; PMCID: PMC2999019.
      62. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Jan; 31(1):E12-24. PMID: 20075104.
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      63. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Jan; 31(1):E8-11. PMID: 20075105.
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      64. Higashida RT, Popma JJ, Apruzzese P, Zimetbaum P. Evaluation of the medtronic exponent self-expanding carotid stent system with the medtronic guardwire temporary occlusion and aspiration system in the treatment of carotid stenosis: combined from the MAVErIC (Medtronic AVE Self-expanding CaRotid Stent System with distal protection In the treatment of Carotid stenosis) I and MAVErIC II trials. Stroke. 2010 Feb; 41(2):e102-9. PMID: 20035076.
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      65. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009 Nov-Dec; 18(6):411-5. PMID: 19900641.
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      66. Potter CA, Armstrong-Wells J, Fullerton HJ, Young WL, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Neonatal giant pial arteriovenous malformation: genesis or rapid enlargement in the third trimester. J Neurointerv Surg. 2009 Dec; 1(2):151-3. PMID: 20625463.
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      67. Latchaw RE, Alberts MJ, Lev MH, Connors JJ, Harbaugh RE, Higashida RT, Hobson R, Kidwell CS, Koroshetz WJ, Mathews V, Villablanca P, Warach S, Walters B. Recommendations for imaging of acute ischemic stroke: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2009 Nov; 40(11):3646-78. PMID: 19797189.
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      68. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S435-50. PMID: 19560031.
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      69. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty and stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S312-6. PMID: 19560016.
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      70. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JA, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. J Neurointerv Surg. 2009 Jul; 1(1):10-2. PMID: 21994099.
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      71. Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S451-73. PMID: 19560032.
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      72. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S349-73. PMID: 19560024.
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      73. Easton JD, Saver JL, Albers GW, Alberts MJ, Chaturvedi S, Feldmann E, Hatsukami TS, Higashida RT, Johnston SC, Kidwell CS, Lutsep HL, Miller E, Sacco RL. Definition and evaluation of transient ischemic attack: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and the Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease. The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this statement as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke. 2009 Jun; 40(6):2276-93. PMID: 19423857.
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      74. Hetts SW, Narvid J, Sanai N, Lawton MT, Gupta N, Fullerton HJ, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Intracranial aneurysms in childhood: 27-year single-institution experience. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Aug; 30(7):1315-24. PMID: 19357386.
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      75. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Creager MA, Gupta R, McDougall CG, Pandey DK, Sacks D, Wechsler LR. Indications for the performance of intracranial endovascular neurointerventional procedures: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Circulation. 2009 Apr 28; 119(16):2235-49. PMID: 19349327.
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      76. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):e366-79. PMID: 19246711.
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      77. Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):e348-65. PMID: 19246710.
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      78. Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging measurements in intracranial aneurysms in vivo of flow patterns, velocity fields, and wall shear stress: comparison with computational fluid dynamics. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Feb; 61(2):409-17. PMID: 19161132; PMCID: PMC3055272.
      79. Martin AJ, Baek B, Acevedo-Bolton G, Higashida RT, Comstock J, Saloner DA. MR imaging during endovascular procedures: an evaluation of the potential for catheter heating. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Jan; 61(1):45-53. PMID: 19097197.
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      80. Rayz VL, Boussel L, Acevedo-Bolton G, Martin AJ, Young WL, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Saloner D. Numerical simulations of flow in cerebral aneurysms: comparison of CFD results and in vivo MRI measurements. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Oct; 130(5):051011. PMID: 19045518.
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      81. Rayz VL, Boussel L, Lawton MT, Acevedo-Bolton G, Ge L, Young WL, Higashida RT, Saloner D. Numerical modeling of the flow in intracranial aneurysms: prediction of regions prone to thrombus formation. Ann Biomed Eng. 2008 Nov; 36(11):1793-804. PMID: 18787954; PMCID: PMC2664710.
      82. Grad Y, Sievert H, Nishri B, Stone GW, Katzen BT, Yodfat O, Higashida R, Harris D, Wakhloo AK, Assaf Y, Norbash A, Bushi D, Lieber BB. A novel endovascular device for emboli rerouting: part I: evaluation in a Swine model. Stroke. 2008 Oct; 39(10):2860-6. PMID: 18703814.
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      83. Boussel L, Rayz V, McCulloch C, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Aneurysm growth occurs at region of low wall shear stress: patient-specific correlation of hemodynamics and growth in a longitudinal study. Stroke. 2008 Nov; 39(11):2997-3002. PMID: 18688012; PMCID: PMC2661849.
      84. Wintermark M, Dillon WP, Smith WS, Lau BC, Chaudhary S, Liu S, Yu M, Fitch M, Chien JD, Higashida RT, Ko NU. Visual grading system for vasospasm based on perfusion CT imaging: comparisons with conventional angiography and quantitative perfusion CT. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008; 26(2):163-70. PMID: 18560220.
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      85. Sila CA, Higashida RT, Clagett GP. Clinical decisions. Management of carotid stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 10; 358(15):1617-21. PMID: 18403770.
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      86. Elijovich L, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Duckwiler G, Giannotta S, Johnston SC. Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the CARAT study. Stroke. 2008 May; 39(5):1501-6. PMID: 18323484.
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      87. Smith WS, Sung G, Saver J, Budzik R, Duckwiler G, Liebeskind DS, Lutsep HL, Rymer MM, Higashida RT, Starkman S, Gobin YP, Frei D, Grobelny T, Hellinger F, Huddle D, Kidwell C, Koroshetz W, Marks M, Nesbit G, Silverman IE. Mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: final results of the Multi MERCI trial. Stroke. 2008 Apr; 39(4):1205-12. PMID: 18309168.
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      88. Ko NU, Rajendran P, Kim H, Rutkowski M, Pawlikowska L, Kwok PY, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Smith WS, Zaroff JG, Young WL. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism (-786T->C) and increased risk of angiographic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2008 Apr; 39(4):1103-8. PMID: 18309169; PMCID: PMC2650384.
      89. Narvid J, Hetts SW, Larsen D, Neuhaus J, Singh TP, McSwain H, Lawton MT, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae: clinical features and long-term results. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jan; 62(1):159-66; discussion 166-7. PMID: 18300903.
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      90. Chaudhary SR, Ko N, Dillon WP, Yu MB, Liu S, Criqui GI, Higashida RT, Smith WS, Wintermark M. Prospective evaluation of multidetector-row CT angiography for the diagnosis of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage: a comparison with digital subtraction angiography. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008; 25(1-2):144-50. PMID: 18073468.
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      91. Johnston SC, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Duckwiler GR, Gress DR. Predictors of rehemorrhage after treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the Cerebral Aneurysm Rerupture After Treatment (CARAT) study. Stroke. 2008 Jan; 39(1):120-5. PMID: 18048860.
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      92. Boussel L, Wintermark M, Martin A, Dispensa B, VanTijen R, Leach J, Rayz V, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Monitoring serial change in the lumen and outer wall of vertebrobasilar aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):259-64. PMID: 17974611.
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      93. Martin AJ, Cha S, Higashida RT, Cullen SP, Halbach V, Dowd CF, McDermott MW, Saloner DA. Assessment of vasculature of meningiomas and the effects of embolization with intra-arterial MR perfusion imaging: a feasibility study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007 Oct; 28(9):1771-7. PMID: 17885240.
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      94. Kim H, Sidney S, McCulloch CE, Poon KY, Singh V, Johnston SC, Ko NU, Achrol AS, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Young WL. Racial/Ethnic differences in longitudinal risk of intracranial hemorrhage in brain arteriovenous malformation patients. Stroke. 2007 Sep; 38(9):2430-7. PMID: 17673729.
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      95. Dispensa BP, Saloner DA, Acevedo-Bolton G, Achrol AS, Jou LD, McCulloch CE, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Ko NU, Lawton MT, Martin AJ, Quinnine N, Young WL. Estimation of fusiform intracranial aneurysm growth by serial magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jul; 26(1):177-83. PMID: 17659544.
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      96. Adams HP, del Zoppo G, Alberts MJ, Bhatt DL, Brass L, Furlan A, Grubb RL, Higashida RT, Jauch EC, Kidwell C, Lyden PD, Morgenstern LB, Qureshi AI, Rosenwasser RH, Scott PA, Wijdicks EF. Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Circulation. 2007 May 22; 115(20):e478-534. PMID: 17515473.
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      97. Adams HP, del Zoppo G, Alberts MJ, Bhatt DL, Brass L, Furlan A, Grubb RL, Higashida RT, Jauch EC, Kidwell C, Lyden PD, Morgenstern LB, Qureshi AI, Rosenwasser RH, Scott PA, Wijdicks EF. Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: the American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke. 2007 May; 38(5):1655-711. PMID: 17431204.
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      98. Hetts SW, Narvid J, Singh T, Meagher S, Corcoran K, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Association between lumbar epidural injection and development of acute paraparesis in patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007 Mar; 28(3):581-3. PMID: 17353341.
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      99. Fussell D, Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Mechanical interventions to treat acute stroke. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2007 Jan; 7(1):21-7. PMID: 17217850.
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      100. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Tanji K, Higashida RT, Caplan LR. Use of stents to treat intracranial cerebrovascular disease. Annu Rev Med. 2007; 58:107-22. PMID: 17217328.
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      101. Higashida RT, Lahue BJ, Torbey MT, Hopkins LN, Leip E, Hanley DF. Treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: a nationwide assessment of effectiveness. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007 Jan; 28(1):146-51. PMID: 17213445.
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      102. Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Higashida RT. Hyperperfusion syndrome after intracranial angioplasty and stent placement. Stroke. 2006 Sep; 37(9):2210-1. PMID: 16888253.
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      103. Hill MD, Kent DM, Hinchey J, Rowley H, Buchan AM, Wechsler LR, Higashida RT, Fischbein NJ, Dillon WP, Gent M, Firszt CM, Schulz GA, Furlan AJ. Sex-based differences in the effect of intra-arterial treatment of stroke: analysis of the PROACT-2 study. Stroke. 2006 Sep; 37(9):2322-5. PMID: 16888269.
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      104. Acevedo-Bolton G, Jou LD, Dispensa BP, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Martin AJ, Young WL, Saloner D. Estimating the hemodynamic impact of interventional treatments of aneurysms: numerical simulation with experimental validation: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):E429-30; author reply E429-30. PMID: 16883156.
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      105. Higashida RT, Cognard C, Bracard S. Initial Clinical Experience with a New Complex-Shaped Detachable Platinum Coil System for the Treatment of Intracranial Cerebral Aneurysms. The Cordis Trufill DCS Detachable Coil System. Interv Neuroradiol. 2006 Jun 15; 12(2):123-30. PMID: 20569564; PMCID: PMC3354517.
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      107. Caragine LP, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulae of the ophthalmic veins treated by transvenous endovascular occlusion: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Feb; 58(1 Suppl):ONS-E170; discussion ONS-E170. PMID: 16462623.
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      108. Wintermark M, Ko NU, Smith WS, Liu S, Higashida RT, Dillon WP. Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: utility of perfusion CT and CT angiography on diagnosis and management. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006 Jan; 27(1):26-34. PMID: 16418351.
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      109. Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Leary MC, Caplan LR. Use of stents to treat extracranial cerebrovascular disease. Annu Rev Med. 2006; 57:437-54. PMID: 16409159.
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      110. Higashida RT. Recent advances in the interventional treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2005; 20 Suppl 2:140-7. PMID: 16327265.
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      111. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty & stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Oct; 26(9):2323-7. PMID: 16221663.
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      112. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty & stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Oct; 16(10):1281-5. PMID: 16223717.
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      113. Jou LD, Wong G, Dispensa B, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Young WL, Saloner D. Correlation between lumenal geometry changes and hemodynamics in fusiform intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Oct; 26(9):2357-63. PMID: 16219845.
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      114. Fullerton HJ, Achrol AS, Johnston SC, McCulloch CE, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Sidney S, Young WL. Long-term hemorrhage risk in children versus adults with brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2005 Oct; 36(10):2099-104. PMID: 16141419.
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      115. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Juravsky L, Meagher S. Initial clinical experience with a new self-expanding nitinol stent for the treatment of intracranial cerebral aneurysms: the Cordis Enterprise stent. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Aug; 26(7):1751-6. PMID: 16091525.
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      116. Smith WS, Sung G, Starkman S, Saver JL, Kidwell CS, Gobin YP, Lutsep HL, Nesbit GM, Grobelny T, Rymer MM, Silverman IE, Higashida RT, Budzik RF, Marks MP. Safety and efficacy of mechanical embolectomy in acute ischemic stroke: results of the MERCI trial. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1432-8. PMID: 15961709.
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      117. Cullen SP, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of extracranial carotid artery stenosis: update on carotid angioplasty and stenting. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2005 May; 15(2):383-95, xi. PMID: 16198947.
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      118. Yu W, Smith WS, Singh V, Ko NU, Cullen SP, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT. Long-term outcome of endovascular stenting for symptomatic basilar artery stenosis. Neurology. 2005 Mar 22; 64(6):1055-7. PMID: 15781826.
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      119. Schumacher HC, Gupta R, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Advances in revascularization for acute ischemic stroke treatment. Expert Rev Neurother. 2005 Mar; 5(2):189-201. PMID: 15853489.
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      120. Ko NU, Achrol AS, Chopra M, Saha M, Gupta D, Smith WS, Higashida RT, Young WL. Cerebral blood flow changes after endovascular treatment of cerebrovascular stenoses. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Mar; 26(3):538-42. PMID: 15760862.
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      121. Martin AJ, Saloner DA, Roberts TP, Roberts H, Weber OM, Dillon W, Cullen S, Halbach V, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Carotid stent delivery in an XMR suite: immediate assessment of the physiologic impact of extracranial revascularization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Mar; 26(3):531-7. PMID: 15760861.
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      122. Ko NU, Achrol AS, Martin AJ, Chopra M, Saloner DA, Higashida RT, Young WL. Magnetic resonance perfusion tracks 133Xe cerebral blood flow changes after carotid stenting. Stroke. 2005 Mar; 36(3):676-8. PMID: 15692113.
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      123. Smith WS, Dowd CF, Johnston SC, Ko NU, DeArmond SJ, Dillon WP, Setty D, Lawton MT, Young WL, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Neurotoxicity of intra-arterial papaverine preserved with chlorobutanol used for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Nov; 35(11):2518-22. PMID: 15472097.
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      124. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 May; 15(5):421-2. PMID: 15126667.
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      125. Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. Stroke. 2004 May; 35(5):e112-34. PMID: 15105523.
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      126. Ng PP, Higashida RT, Cullen SP, Malek R, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Intraarterial thrombolysis trials in acute ischemic stroke. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 Jan; 15(1 Pt 2):S77-85. PMID: 15101517.
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      127. Higashida RT. Intracranial stenting: which patients and when? Cleve Clin J Med. 2004 Jan; 71 Suppl 1:S50-1. PMID: 14964486.
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      128. Schumacher HC, Khaw AV, Meyers PM, Gupta R, Higashida RT. Intracranial angioplasty and stent placement for cerebral atherosclerosis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 Jan; 15(1 Pt 2):S123-32. PMID: 15101521.
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      129. Caragine LP, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Ng PP, Higashida RT. Parallel venous channel as the recipient pouch in transverse/sigmoid sinus dural fistulae. Neurosurgery. 2003 Dec; 53(6):1261-6; discussion 1266-7. PMID: 14633292.
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      130. Yu W, Binder D, Foster-Barber A, Malek R, Smith WS, Higashida RT. Endovascular embolectomy of acute basilar artery occlusion. Neurology. 2003 Nov 25; 61(10):1421-3. PMID: 14638968.
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      131. Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Nov-Dec; 24(10):2020-34. PMID: 14625227.
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      132. Ng PP, Higashida RT, Cullen S, Malek R, Halbach VV, Dowd CF. Endovascular strategies for carotid cavernous and intracerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15; 15(4):ECP1. PMID: 15344900.
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      133. Jou LD, Quick CM, Young WL, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Martin A, Saloner D. Computational approach to quantifying hemodynamic forces in giant cerebral aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Oct; 24(9):1804-10. PMID: 14561606.
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      134. Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. Developed by a collaborative panel of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, the American Society of Neuroradiology, and the Society of Interventional Radiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 1):1079-93. PMID: 14514797.
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      135. Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 2):S321-35. PMID: 14514840.
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      136. Higashida R, Furlan A, Roberts H, Tomsick T, Connors B, Barr J, Dillon W, Warach S, Broderick J, Tilley B, Sacks D. Trial design and reporting standards for intraarterial cerebral thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 2):S493-4. PMID: 14514864.
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      137. Derdeyn CP, Barr JD, Berenstein A, Connors JJ, Dion JE, Duckwiler GR, Higashida RT, Strother CM, Tomsick TA, Turski P. The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT): a position statement from the Executive Committee of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Aug; 24(7):1404-8. PMID: 12917138.
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      139. Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT. Meningiomas: the role of preoperative angiography and embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15; 15(1):E10. PMID: 15355012.
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      140. Rapp JH, Pan XM, Yu B, Swanson RA, Higashida RT, Simpson P, Saloner D. Cerebral ischemia and infarction from atheroemboli <100 microm in Size. Stroke. 2003 Aug; 34(8):1976-80. PMID: 12855822.
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      141. Hill MD, Rowley HA, Adler F, Eliasziw M, Furlan A, Higashida RT, Wechsler LR, Roberts HC, Dillon WP, Fischbein NJ, Firszt CM, Schulz GA, Buchan AM. Selection of acute ischemic stroke patients for intra-arterial thrombolysis with pro-urokinase by using ASPECTS. Stroke. 2003 Aug; 34(8):1925-31. PMID: 12843342.
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      142. Ng PP, Halbach VV, Quinn R, Balousek P, Caragine LP, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Wilson C. Endovascular treatment for dural arteriovenous fistulae of the superior petrosal sinus. Neurosurgery. 2003 Jul; 53(1):25-32; discussion 32-3. PMID: 12823870.
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      143. Ng PP, Halbach VV, Caragine LP, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Guglielmi detachable coil extraction: suction generated by pusher-wire withdrawal after coil detachment within an intracranial aneurysm. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 May; 24(5):982-4. PMID: 12748107.
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      144. Wechsler LR, Roberts R, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Dillon W, Roberts H, Rowley HA, Pettigrew LC, Callahan AS, Bruno A, Fayad P, Smith WS, Firszt CM, Schulz GA. Factors influencing outcome and treatment effect in PROACT II. Stroke. 2003 May; 34(5):1224-9. PMID: 12677011.
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      145. Adams HP, Adams RJ, Brott T, del Zoppo GJ, Furlan A, Goldstein LB, Grubb RL, Higashida R, Kidwell C, Kwiatkowski TG, Marler JR, Hademenos GJ. Guidelines for the early management of patients with ischemic stroke: A scientific statement from the Stroke Council of the American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):1056-83. PMID: 12677087.
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      146. Latchaw RE, Yonas H, Hunter GJ, Yuh WT, Ueda T, Sorensen AG, Sunshine JL, Biller J, Wechsler L, Higashida R, Hademenos G. Guidelines and recommendations for perfusion imaging in cerebral ischemia: A scientific statement for healthcare professionals by the writing group on perfusion imaging, from the Council on Cardiovascular Radiology of the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):1084-104. PMID: 12677088.
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      147. Hashimoto T, Wen G, Lawton MT, Boudreau NJ, Bollen AW, Yang GY, Barbaro NM, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Young WL. Abnormal expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):925-31. PMID: 12649522.
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      148. Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Barrow DL, Caplan LR, Dion JE, Hademenos G, Hopkins LN, Molyneux A, Rosenwasser RH, Vinuela F, Wilson CB. Recommendations for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Cerebrovascular Imaging of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology. Stroke. 2002 Oct; 33(10):2536-44. PMID: 12364750.
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      149. Gress DR, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Van Halbach V, Finley RJ, Higashida RT. Angioplasty for intracranial symptomatic vertebrobasilar ischemia. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jul; 51(1):23-7; discussion 27-9. PMID: 12182423.
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      150. Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Lempert TE, Malek AM, Phatouros CC, Lefler JE, Higashida RT. Dural carotid cavernous fistula: definitive endovascular management and long-term follow-up. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Jul; 134(1):85-92. PMID: 12095813.
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      151. Roberts HC, Dillon WP, Furlan AJ, Wechsler LR, Rowley HA, Fischbein NJ, Higashida RT, Kase C, Schulz GA, Lu Y, Firszt CM. Computed tomographic findings in patients undergoing intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke due to middle cerebral artery occlusion: results from the PROACT II trial. Stroke. 2002 Jun; 33(6):1557-65. PMID: 12052991.
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      152. Chun JY, McDermott MW, Lamborn KR, Wilson CB, Higashida R, Berger MS. Delayed surgical resection reduces intraoperative blood loss for embolized meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jun; 50(6):1231-5; discussion 1235-7. PMID: 12015840.
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      153. Singh V, Gress DR, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Johnston SC. The learning curve for coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 May; 23(5):768-71. PMID: 12006274.
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      154. Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after extracranial carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Mar; 23(3):503-4. PMID: 11901031.
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      155. Halim AX, Singh V, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Lawton MT, Gress DR, McCulloch CE, Young WL. Characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations with coexisting aneurysms: a comparison of two referral centers. Stroke. 2002 Mar; 33(3):675-9. PMID: 11872886.
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      156. Kase CS, Furlan AJ, Wechsler LR, Higashida RT, Rowley HA, Hart RG, Molinari GF, Frederick LS, Roberts HC, Gebel JM, Sila CA, Schulz GA, Roberts RS, Gent M. Cerebral hemorrhage after intra-arterial thrombolysis for ischemic stroke: the PROACT II trial. Neurology. 2001 Nov 13; 57(9):1603-10. PMID: 11706099.
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      157. Singh V, Meyers PM, Halbach VH, Gress DR, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Smith WS. Dural arteriovenous fistula associated with prothrombin gene mutation. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Jul; 11(3):319-21. PMID: 11462303.
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      158. Atkinson RP, Awad IA, Batjer HH, Dowd CF, Furlan A, Giannotta SL, Gomez CR, Gress D, Hademenos G, Halbach V, Hemphill JC, Higashida RT, Hopkins LN, Horowitz MB, Johnston SC, Lawton MW, McDermott MW, Malek AM, Mohr JP, Qureshi AI, Riina H, Smith WS, Pile-Spellman J, Spetzler RF, Tomsick TA, Young WL. Reporting terminology for brain arteriovenous malformation clinical and radiographic features for use in clinical trials. Stroke. 2001 Jun; 32(6):1430-42. PMID: 11387510.
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      159. Chun JY, Smith W, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Wilson CB, Lawton MT. Current multimodality management of infectious intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2001 Jun; 48(6):1203-13; discussion 1213-4. PMID: 11383721.
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      160. Dowd CF, Phatouros CC, Malek AM, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Higashida RT. Embolization of non-ruptured aneurysms. Interv Neuroradiol. 1999 Nov; 5 Suppl 1:93-6. PMID: 20670547.
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      161. Higashida RT, Connors JJ. Should interventional radiologists be involved in acute stroke intervention? J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2001 Feb; 12(2):145-6. PMID: 11265878.
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      162. Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Lempert TE, Lefler JE, Malek AM, Phatouros CC, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of a ruptured dual aperture cavernous aneurysm. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Jan; 11(1):71-5. PMID: 11198534.
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      163. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Stent angioplasty for cervical carotid artery stenosis in high-risk symptomatic NASCET-ineligible patients. Stroke. 2000 Dec; 31(12):3029-33. PMID: 11108767.
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      164. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Carotid artery stent placement for atherosclerotic disease: rationale, technique, and current status. Radiology. 2000 Oct; 217(1):26-41. PMID: 11012420.
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      165. Phatouros CC, Lefler JE, Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Malek AM, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Primary stenting for high-grade basilar artery stenosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Oct; 21(9):1744-9. PMID: 11039359.
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      166. Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Malek AM, Phatouros CC, Dowd CF, Lawton MT, Lempert TE, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of cerebral artery aneurysms during pregnancy: report of three cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1306-11. PMID: 10954284.
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      167. Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Malek AM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after percutaneous transluminal stenting of the craniocervical arteries. Neurosurgery. 2000 Aug; 47(2):335-43; discussion 343-5. PMID: 10942006.
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      168. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Endovascular management of extracranial carotid artery dissection achieved using stent angioplasty. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1280-92. PMID: 10954281.
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      169. Phatouros CC, Sasaki TY, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Stent-supported coil embolization: the treatment of fusiform and wide-neck aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2000 Jul; 47(1):107-13; discussion 113-5. PMID: 10917353.
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      170. Johnston SC, Wilson CB, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, McDermott MW, Applebury CB, Farley TL, Gress DR. Endovascular and surgical treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms: comparison of risks. Ann Neurol. 2000 Jul; 48(1):11-9. PMID: 10894211.
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      171. Rapp JH, Pan XM, Sharp FR, Shah DM, Wille GA, Velez PM, Troyer A, Higashida RT, Saloner D. Atheroemboli to the brain: size threshold for causing acute neuronal cell death. J Vasc Surg. 2000 Jul; 32(1):68-76. PMID: 10876208.
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      172. Higashida RT. Evolution of a new multidisciplinary subspecialty: interventional neuroradiology/neuroendovascular surgery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Jun-Jul; 21(6):1151-2. PMID: 10871031.
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      173. Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CP, Dowd CF, Malek AM, Lempert TE, Lefler JE, Higashida RT. Hemorrhagic complications in vein of Galen malformations. Ann Neurol. 2000 Jun; 47(6):748-55. PMID: 10852540.
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      174. Wholey MH, Wholey M, Mathias K, Roubin GS, Diethrich EB, Henry M, Bailey S, Bergeron P, Dorros G, Eles G, Gaines P, Gomez CR, Gray B, Guimaraens J, Higashida R, Ho DS, Katzen B, Kambara A, Kumar V, Laborde JC, Leon M, Lim M, Londero H, Mesa J, Musacchio A, Myla S, Ramee S, Rodriquez A, Rosenfield K, Sakai N, Shawl F, Sievert H, Teitelbaum G, Theron JG, Vaclav P, Vozzi C, Yadav JS, Yoshimura SI. Global experience in cervical carotid artery stent placement. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Jun; 50(2):160-7. PMID: 10842380.
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      175. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Balloon-assist technique for endovascular coil embolization of geometrically difficult intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2000 Jun; 46(6):1397-406; discussion 1406-7. PMID: 10834645.
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      176. Higashida RT, Hopkins LN, Berenstein A, Halbach VV, Kerber C. Program requirements for residency/fellowship education in neuroendovascular surgery/interventional neuroradiology: a special report on graduate medical education. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Jun-Jul; 21(6):1153-9. PMID: 10871032.
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      177. Koenigsberg RA, Dave A, McCormick D, Weiss J, Higashida RT, Faro SH, Grandinetti LM, Tsai FY. Complicated stent supported cerebrovascular angioplasty: case analyses and review of literature. Surg Neurol. 2000 May; 53(5):465-74. PMID: 10874146.
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      178. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Endovascular stenting for carotid artery stenosis: preliminary experience using the shape-memory- alloy-recoverable-technology (SMART) stent. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Apr; 21(4):732-8. PMID: 10782787.
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      179. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Lefler JE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Endovascular treatment of noncarotid extracranial cerebrovascular disease. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2000 Apr; 11(2):331-50. PMID: 10733849.
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      180. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Phatouros CC, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Smith WS, Stoney R. Patient presentation, angiographic features, and treatment of strangulation-induced bilateral dissection of the cervical internal carotid artery. Report of three cases. J Neurosurg. 2000 Mar; 92(3):481-7. PMID: 10701540.
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      181. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF. Treatment of dural arteriovenous malformations and fistulas. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2000 Jan; 11(1):147-66, ix. PMID: 10565875.
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      182. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of a ruptured intracranial dissecting vertebral aneurysm in a kickboxer. J Trauma. 2000 Jan; 48(1):143-5. PMID: 10647582.
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      183. Hopkins LN, Higashida RT, Piepgras DG. Perspectives on training standards in neuroendovascular therapeutics. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2000 Jan; 11(1):187-90, x. PMID: 10565877.
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      184. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Reilly LM, Smith WS, Kang SM, Gress DR, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Halbach VV, Dowd CF. Subclavian arteritis and pseudoaneurysm formation secondary to stent infection. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2000 Jan-Feb; 23(1):57-60. PMID: 10656908.
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      185. Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Malek AM, Higashida RT. Carotid artery cavernous fistulas. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2000 Jan; 11(1):67-84, viii. PMID: 10565871.
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      186. Lempert TE, Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of ruptured posterior circulation cerebral aneurysms. Clinical and angiographic outcomes. Stroke. 2000 Jan; 31(1):100-10. PMID: 10625723.
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      187. Furlan A, Higashida R, Wechsler L, Gent M, Rowley H, Kase C, Pessin M, Ahuja A, Callahan F, Clark WM, Silver F, Rivera F. Intra-arterial prourokinase for acute ischemic stroke. The PROACT II study: a randomized controlled trial. Prolyse in Acute Cerebral Thromboembolism. JAMA. 1999 Dec 1; 282(21):2003-11. PMID: 10591382.
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      188. Phatouros CC, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Lempert TE, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Acquired pial arteriovenous fistula following cerebral vein thrombosis. Stroke. 1999 Nov; 30(11):2487-90. PMID: 10548689.
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      189. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Clinical use of stents for carotid artery disease. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 1999 Nov; 39(12):809-27. PMID: 10639807.
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      190. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF. Tandem intracranial stent deployment for treatment of an iatrogenic, flow-limiting, basilar artery dissection: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 1999 Oct; 45(4):919-24. PMID: 10515491.
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      191. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Lempert TE, Meyers PM, Gress DR, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Treatment of posterior circulation ischemia with extracranial percutaneous balloon angioplasty and stent placement. Stroke. 1999 Oct; 30(10):2073-85. PMID: 10512910.
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      192. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Holmes S, Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Beating aneurysm sign: angiographic evidence of ruptured aneurysm tamponade by intracranial hemorrhage. Case illustration. J Neurosurg. 1999 Sep; 91(3):517. PMID: 10470834.
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      193. Phatouros CC, Halbach VV, Malek AM, Meyers PM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Intraventricular contrast medium leakage during ethanol embolization of an arteriovenous malformation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Aug; 20(7):1329-32. PMID: 10472994.
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      194. Miyawaki L, Dowd C, Wara W, Goldsmith B, Albright N, Gutin P, Halbach V, Hieshima G, Higashida R, Lulu B, Pitts L, Schell M, Smith V, Weaver K, Wilson C, Larson D. Five year results of LINAC radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations: outcome for large AVMS. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1999 Jul 15; 44(5):1089-106. PMID: 10421543.
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      195. Phatouros CC, Halbach VV, Malek AM, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Simultaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and carotid cavernous fistula after rupture of a paraclinoid aneurysm during balloon-assisted coil embolization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Jun-Jul; 20(6):1100-2. PMID: 10445450.
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      196. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Embolization of the meningohypophyseal trunk as a cause of diabetes insipidus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Jun-Jul; 20(6):1115-8. PMID: 10445454.
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      197. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Treatment of an intracranial aneurysm using a new three-dimensional-shape Guglielmi detachable coil: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 1999 May; 44(5):1142-4; discussion 1144-5. PMID: 10232552.
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      198. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Phatouros CC, Halbach VV. A strangled wife. Lancet. 1999 Apr 17; 353(9161):1324. PMID: 10218532.
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      199. Malek AM, Higashida RT, Balousek PA, Phatouros CC, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Endovascular recanalization with balloon angioplasty and stenting of an occluded occipital sinus for treatment of intracranial venous hypertension: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 1999 Apr; 44(4):896-901. PMID: 10201320.
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      200. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Wachhorst S, Lawton MT. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula with an associated feeding artery aneurysm: case report. Neurosurgery. 1999 Apr; 44(4):877-80. PMID: 10201316.
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      201. Lempert TE, Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Rescue treatment of acute parent vessel thrombosis with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor during GDC coil embolization. Stroke. 1999 Mar; 30(3):693-5. PMID: 10066986.
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      202. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Smith WS, Mully TW, DeArmond SJ, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Endovascular stenting of an acutely thrombosed basilar artery: technical case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 1999 Mar; 44(3):667-73. PMID: 10069607.
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      203. Lefkowitz M, Giannotta SL, Hieshima G, Higashida R, Halbach V, Dowd C, Teitelbaum GP. Embolization of neurosurgical lesions involving the ophthalmic artery. Neurosurgery. 1998 Dec; 43(6):1298-303. PMID: 9848842.
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      204. Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. New methods of treatment for cerebral aneurysms. West J Med. 1998 Nov; 169(5):286-7. PMID: 9830359; PMCID: PMC1305321.
      205. Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Balousek PA, Ciricillo SF, Edwards MS. Endovascular treatment of mural-type vein of Galen malformations. J Neurosurg. 1998 Jul; 89(1):74-80. PMID: 9647175.
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      206. McDougall CG, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Larsen DW, Hieshima GB. Causes and management of aneurysmal hemorrhage occurring during embolization with Guglielmi detachable coils. J Neurosurg. 1998 Jul; 89(1):87-92. PMID: 9647177.
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      207. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Diagnosis and treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1998 May; 8(2):445-68. PMID: 9562597.
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      208. Wholey MH, Wholey M, Bergeron P, Diethrich EB, Henry M, Laborde JC, Mathias K, Myla S, Roubin GS, Shawl F, Theron JG, Yadav JS, Dorros G, Guimaraens J, Higashida R, Kumar V, Leon M, Lim M, Londero H, Mesa J, Ramee S, Rodriguez A, Rosenfield K, Teitelbaum G, Vozzi C. Current global status of carotid artery stent placement. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1998 May; 44(1):1-6. PMID: 9600512.
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      209. Lempert TE, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Urwin RW, Balousek PA, Hieshima GB. Endovascular treatment of pseudoaneurysms with electrolytically detachable coils. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998 May; 19(5):907-11. PMID: 9613510.
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      210. Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Balousek PA, Urwin RW. Preliminary experience with an electrolytically detachable fibered coil. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998 Apr; 19(4):773-7. PMID: 9576672.
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      211. Terada T, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. The effect of oestrogen on the development of arteriovenous fistulae induced by venous hypertension in rats. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1998; 140(1):82-6. PMID: 9522913.
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      212. del Zoppo GJ, Higashida RT, Furlan AJ, Pessin MS, Rowley HA, Gent M. PROACT: a phase II randomized trial of recombinant pro-urokinase by direct arterial delivery in acute middle cerebral artery stroke. PROACT Investigators. Prolyse in Acute Cerebral Thromboembolism. Stroke. 1998 Jan; 29(1):4-11. PMID: 9445320.
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      213. Higashida RT, Smith W, Gress D, Urwin R, Dowd CF, Balousek PA, Halbach VV. Intravascular stent and endovascular coil placement for a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of the basilar artery. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 1997 Dec; 87(6):944-9. PMID: 9384409.
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      214. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Urwin RW, Balousek PA, Lempert TE, Hieshima GB. Cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysms treated with electrolytically detachable coils. J Neuroophthalmol. 1997 Dec; 17(4):231-9. PMID: 9427173.
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      215. McDougall CG, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Larsen DW, Hieshima GB. Dural arteriovenous fistulas of the marginal sinus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 Sep; 18(8):1565-72. PMID: 9296201.
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      216. Higashida RT. Retrievable versus nonretrievable coils. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 Aug; 18(7):1390. PMID: 9282875.
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      217. Pessin MS, Adams HP, Adams RJ, Fisher M, Furlan AJ, Hacke W, Haley EC, Hazinski MF, Helgason CM, Higashida RT, Koroshetz W, Marler JR, Ornato JP. American Heart Association Prevention Conference. IV. Prevention and Rehabilitation of Stroke. Acute interventions. Stroke. 1997 Jul; 28(7):1518-21. PMID: 9227709.
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      218. Urwin RW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Balousek PA, Hieshima GB. Endovascular therapy for the carotid artery. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1996 Nov; 6(4):957-73. PMID: 8824143.
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      219. Balousek PA, Knowles HJ, Higashida RT, del Zoppo GJ. New interventions in cerebrovascular disease: the role of thrombolytic therapy and balloon angioplasty. Curr Opin Cardiol. 1996 Sep; 11(5):550-7. PMID: 8889383.
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      220. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Endovascular surgical approach to intracranial vascular diseases. J Endovasc Surg. 1996 May; 3(2):146-57. PMID: 8798133.
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      221. Terada T, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Nakai E, Yokote H, Itakura T, Hieshima GB. Transluminal angioplasty for arteriosclerotic disease of the distal vertebral and basilar arteries. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1996 Apr; 60(4):377-81. PMID: 8774399; PMCID: PMC1073887.
      222. McDougall CG, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Larsen DW, Hieshima GB. Endovascular treatment of basilar tip aneurysms using electrolytically detachable coils. J Neurosurg. 1996 Mar; 84(3):393-9. PMID: 8609549.
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      223. Terada T, Tsuura M, Komai N, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. The role of angiogenic factor bFGF in the development of dural AVFs. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1996; 138(7):877-83. PMID: 8869717.
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      224. Yuh WT, Maeda M, Wang AM, Crosby DL, Tien RD, Higashida RT, Tsai FY. Fibrinolytic treatment of acute stroke: are we treating reversible cerebral ischemia? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1995 Nov-Dec; 16(10):1994-2000. PMID: 8585485.
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      225. Teitelbaum GP, Halbach VV, Larsen DW, McDougall CG, Dowd C, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Treatment of massive posterior epistaxis by detachable coil embolization of a cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm. Neuroradiology. 1995 May; 37(4):334-6. PMID: 7666976.
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      226. Smith TP, Halbach VV, Fraser KW, Teitelbaum GP, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of subclavian stenosis from neurofibromatosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1995 Apr; 16(4 Suppl):872-4. PMID: 7611060.
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      227. Teitelbaum GP, Dowd CF, Larsen DW, McDougall CG, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Endovascular management of biopsy-related posterior inferior cerebellar artery pseudoaneurysm. Surg Neurol. 1995 Apr; 43(4):357-9. PMID: 7792705.
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      228. Higashida RT, Tsai FY, Halbach VV, Barnwell SL, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Interventional neurovascular techniques in the treatment of stroke--state-of-the-art therapy. J Intern Med. 1995 Jan; 237(1):105-15. PMID: 7830022.
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      229. Larsen DW, Halbach VV, Teitelbaum GP, McDougall CG, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas supplied by branches of the internal iliac arteries. Surg Neurol. 1995 Jan; 43(1):35-40; discussion 40-1. PMID: 7701420.
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      230. Teitelbaum GP, Halbach VV, Fraser KW, Larsen DW, McDougall CG, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Direct-puncture coil embolization of maxillofacial high-flow vascular malformations. Laryngoscope. 1994 Nov; 104(11 Pt 1):1397-400. PMID: 7968172.
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      231. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Tsai FY, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Interventional neurovascular techniques for cerebral revascularization in the treatment of stroke. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Oct; 163(4):793-800. PMID: 8092013.
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      232. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Barnwell SL, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Thrombolytic therapy in acute stroke. J Endovasc Surg. 1994 Sep; 1:4-15. PMID: 9234100.
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      233. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Intracranial aneurysms. Evolution and future role of endovascular techniques. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1994 Jul; 5(3):413-25. PMID: 8086795.
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      234. Teitelbaum GP, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Larsen DW, McDougall CG, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Flow-directed use of electrolytically detachable platinum embolization coils. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1994 May-Jun; 5(3):453-6. PMID: 8054745.
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      235. Weiss JP, McLean GK, Modic MT, Rees CR, Higashida RT. Double-blind study of a new nonionic contrast agent for digital subtraction arteriography. Invest Radiol. 1994 May; 29 Suppl 1:S84-92. PMID: 8071051.
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      236. Smith TP, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Fraser KW, Teitelbaum GP, Hieshima GB. Treatment of dural sinus thrombosis by urokinase infusion. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1994 May; 15(5):801-7. PMID: 8059645.
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      237. Terada T, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Tsuura M, Komai N, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. Development of acquired arteriovenous fistulas in rats due to venous hypertension. J Neurosurg. 1994 May; 80(5):884-9. PMID: 8169629.
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      238. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Fraser KW, Smith TP, Teitelbaum GP, Hieshima GB. The efficacy of endosaccular aneurysm occlusion in alleviating neurological deficits produced by mass effect. J Neurosurg. 1994 Apr; 80(4):659-66. PMID: 8151344.
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      239. Fraser KW, Halbach VV, Teitelbaum GP, Smith TP, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. Endovascular platinum coil embolization of incompletely surgically clipped cerebral aneurysms. Surg Neurol. 1994 Jan; 41(1):4-8. PMID: 8310385.
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      240. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Fraser KW, Edwards MS, Barnwell SL. Treatment of giant intradural (perimedullary) arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurgery. 1993 Dec; 33(6):972-9; discussion 979-80. PMID: 8134010.
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      241. Higashida RT, Tsai FY, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Cerebral percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Heart Dis Stroke. 1993 Nov-Dec; 2(6):497-502. PMID: 8137057.
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      242. Smith TP, Koci T, Mehringer CM, Tsai FY, Fraser KW, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB. Transarterial embolization of vertebral hemangioma. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1993 Sep-Oct; 4(5):681-5. PMID: 8219564.
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      243. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Fraser KW, Smith TP, Teitelbaum GP, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. Endovascular treatment of vertebral artery dissections and pseudoaneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1993 Aug; 79(2):183-91. PMID: 8331398.
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      244. Miyawaki F, Suma K, Shiroma K, Kaneko H, Doi T, Hayashi K, Azuhata K, Higashida R, Amano T, Satoh T. Low density lipoprotein apheresis during cardiopulmonary bypass of hypercholesterolemic patients. ASAIO J. 1993 Jul-Sep; 39(3):M292-6. PMID: 8268546.
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      245. Smith TP, Graves VB, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Fraser KW, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Microcatheter retrieval device for intravascular foreign body removal. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1993 Jul-Aug; 14(4):809-11. PMID: 8352149.
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      246. Higashida RT. Endovascular neurosurgery--the marriage of imaging and intravascular therapy in the decade of the brain. West J Med. 1993 Feb; 158(2):197-9. PMID: 8434482; PMCID: PMC1021986.
      247. Higashida RT, Tsai FY, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Smith T, Fraser K, Hieshima GB. Transluminal angioplasty for atherosclerotic disease of the vertebral and basilar arteries. J Neurosurg. 1993 Feb; 78(2):192-8. PMID: 8421202.
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      248. Tsai FY, Higashida RT, Matovich V, Alfieri K. Acute thrombosis of the intracranial dural sinus: direct thrombolytic treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1992 Jul-Aug; 13(4):1137-41. PMID: 1636525.
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      249. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Dormandy B, Bell J, Hieshima GB. Intravascular balloon dilatation therapy for intracranial arterial vasospasm: patient selection, technique, and clinical results. Neurosurg Rev. 1992; 15(2):89-95. PMID: 1386147.
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      250. Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Barnwell SL, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Particulate embolization of the anterior choroidal artery in the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1991 Nov-Dec; 12(6):1055-61. PMID: 1763725.
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      251. Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Wilson CB. Multiple dural arteriovenous fistulas of the cranium and spine. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1991 May-Jun; 12(3):441-5. PMID: 2058490.
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      252. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Transarterial platinum coil embolization of carotid-cavernous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1991 May-Jun; 12(3):429-33. PMID: 2058488.
        View in: PubMed
      253. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Hieshima GB. Management of vascular perforations that occur during neurointerventional procedures. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1991 Mar-Apr; 12(2):319-27. PMID: 1902036.
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      254. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Hieshima GB. Intracranial aneurysms: interventional neurovascular treatment with detachable balloons--results in 215 cases. Radiology. 1991 Mar; 178(3):663-70. PMID: 1994399.
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      255. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Halbach VV. Advances in the treatment of complex cerebrovascular disorders by interventional neurovascular techniques. Circulation. 1991 Feb; 83(2 Suppl):I196-206. PMID: 1825046.
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      256. Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Wilson CB. A variant of arteriovenous fistulas within the wall of dural sinuses. Results of combined surgical and endovascular therapy. J Neurosurg. 1991 Feb; 74(2):199-204. PMID: 1988588.
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      257. Barnwell SL, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Hieshima GB. Direct endovascular thrombolytic therapy for dural sinus thrombosis. Neurosurgery. 1991 Jan; 28(1):135-42. PMID: 1994268.
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      258. Wilson CB, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL. Interventional radiologic adjuncts in cerebrovascular surgery. Clin Neurosurg. 1991; 37:332-52. PMID: 2009697.
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      259. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Hieshima GB. Interventional neurovascular treatment of a giant intracranial aneurysm using platinum microcoils. Surg Neurol. 1991 Jan; 35(1):64-8. PMID: 1983886.
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      260. Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Hieshima GB. Endovascular coil embolization of unusual posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 1990 Dec; 27(6):954-61. PMID: 2274138.
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      261. Ciricillo SF, Schmidt KG, Silverman NH, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Edwards MS. Serial ultrasonographic evaluation of neonatal vein of Galen malformations to assess the efficacy of interventional neuroradiological procedures. Neurosurgery. 1990 Oct; 27(4):544-8. PMID: 2234356.
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      262. Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Barnwell SL, Higashida RT, Edwards MS, Hieshima GB. Transfemoral venous embolization of vein of Galen malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 Jul-Aug; 11(4):643-8. PMID: 2114741.
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      263. Ciricillo SF, Edwards MS, Schmidt KG, Hieshima GB, Silverman NH, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Interventional neuroradiological management of vein of Galen malformations in the neonate. Neurosurgery. 1990 Jul; 27(1):22-7; discussion 27-8. PMID: 2198486.
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      264. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Barnwell SL, Dowd C, Dormandy B, Bell J, Hieshima GB. Treatment of intracranial aneurysms with preservation of the parent vessel: results of percutaneous balloon embolization in 84 patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 Jul-Aug; 11(4):633-40. PMID: 2114739.
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      265. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd C, Barnwell SL, Dormandy B, Bell J, Hieshima GB. Endovascular detachable balloon embolization therapy of cavernous carotid artery aneurysms: results in 87 cases. J Neurosurg. 1990 Jun; 72(6):857-63. PMID: 2338569.
        View in: PubMed
      266. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Hieshima GB. Treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Neurosurgery. 1990 Jun; 26(6):1021-7. PMID: 2362658.
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      267. Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Dural arteriovenous fistulas involving the inferior petrosal sinus: angiographic findings in six patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 May; 11(3):511-6. PMID: 2112316.
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      268. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Wilson CB, Barnwell SL, Dowd CF. Dural arteriovenous fistulas supplied by ethmoidal arteries. Neurosurgery. 1990 May; 26(5):816-23. PMID: 2191241.
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      269. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL, Edwards MS, Melicharek M. Aneurysms of the petrous portion of the internal carotid artery: results of treatment with endovascular or surgical occlusion. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 Mar-Apr; 11(2):253-7. PMID: 2107708.
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      270. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dormandy B, Bell J, Brant-Zawadzki M, Hieshima GB. New microballoon device for transluminal angioplasty of intracranial arterial vasospasm. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 Mar-Apr; 11(2):233-8. PMID: 2138406.
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      271. Higashida RT, Halback VV, Dormandy B, Bell JD, Hieshima GB. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with a new silicone microballoon device: technical considerations and indications for therapy. Radiology. 1990 Mar; 174(3 Pt 1):687-91. PMID: 2305050.
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      272. Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Intravascular treatment of aneurysms. Clin Neurosurg. 1990; 36:338-43. PMID: 2136825.
        View in: PubMed
      273. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cahan LD, Brant-Zawadzki M, Barnwell S, Dowd C, Hieshima GB. Transluminal angioplasty for treatment of intracranial arterial vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 1989 Nov; 71(5 Pt 1):648-53. PMID: 2530320.
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      274. Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Endovascular treatment of scalp arteriovenous fistulas associated with a large varix. Radiology. 1989 Nov; 173(2):533-9. PMID: 2798886.
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      275. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL. Venography and venous pressure monitoring in dural sinus meningiomas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Nov-Dec; 10(6):1209-13. PMID: 2512784.
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      276. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cahan LD, Hieshima GB, Konishi Y. Detachable balloon embolization therapy of posterior circulation intracranial aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1989 Oct; 71(4):512-9. PMID: 2795171.
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      277. Yang PJ, Halback VV, Higashida RT, Stanger P, Hieshima GB. Intravascular embolization of a congenital subclavian arteriovenous fistula. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Suppl):S25-7. PMID: 2505553.
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      278. Barnwell SL, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima G, Wilson CB. Complex dural arteriovenous fistulas. Results of combined endovascular and neurosurgical treatment in 16 patients. J Neurosurg. 1989 Sep; 71(3):352-8. PMID: 2769386.
        View in: PubMed
      279. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Interventional neuroradiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 Sep; 153(3):467-76. PMID: 2669460.
        View in: PubMed
      280. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Tsai FY, Norman D, Pribram HF, Mehringer CM, Hieshima GB. Interventional neurovascular treatment of traumatic carotid and vertebral artery lesions: results in 234 cases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 Sep; 153(3):577-82. PMID: 2763958.
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      281. Higashida RT, Helmer E, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB. Direct thrombolytic therapy for superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Suppl):S4-6. PMID: 2505559.
        View in: PubMed
      282. Barnwell SL, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. Transluminal angioplasty of intracerebral vessels for cerebral arterial spasm: reversal of neurological deficits after delayed treatment. Neurosurgery. 1989 Sep; 25(3):424-9. PMID: 2528079.
        View in: PubMed
      283. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW, Dowd CF, Barnwell SL. Transarterial occlusion of solitary intracerebral arteriovenous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Jul-Aug; 10(4):747-52. PMID: 2505503.
        View in: PubMed
      284. Kwan E, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Wolpert SM. Interventional neuroradiology in neuro-ophthalmology. J Clin Neuroophthalmol. 1989 Jun; 9(2):83-97. PMID: 2526163.
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      285. Yang PJ, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB, Wilson CB. Intravascular embolization of a cerebellar arteriovenous malformation for treatment of hemifacial spasm. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Mar-Apr; 10(2):403-5. PMID: 2494861.
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      286. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Wilson CB, Hardin CW, Kwan E. Treatment of dural fistulas involving the deep cerebral venous system. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Mar-Apr; 10(2):393-9. PMID: 2494859.
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      287. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Mehringer CM, Hardin CW. Transvenous embolization of dural fistulas involving the transverse and sigmoid sinuses. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Mar-Apr; 10(2):385-92. PMID: 2494858.
        View in: PubMed
      288. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW, Pribram H. Transvenous embolization of dural fistulas involving the cavernous sinus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Mar-Apr; 10(2):377-83. PMID: 2494857.
        View in: PubMed
      289. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW. Direct puncture of the proximally occluded internal carotid artery for treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Jan-Feb; 10(1):151-4. PMID: 2492715.
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      290. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW. Embolization of branches arising from the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Jan-Feb; 10(1):143-50. PMID: 2492714.
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      291. Goto K, Halbach VV, Hardin CW, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Permanent inflation of detachable balloons with a low-viscosity, hydrophilic polymerizing system. Radiology. 1988 Dec; 169(3):787-90. PMID: 3187001.
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      292. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB, Weinstein PR, Hoyt WF. Treatment of a giant carotid ophthalmic artery aneurysm by intravascular balloon embolization therapy. Surg Neurol. 1988 Nov; 30(5):382-6. PMID: 3187883.
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      293. Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Intravascular detachable balloon embolization of intracranial aneurysms. West J Med. 1988 Sep; 149(3):323. PMID: 18750469.
        View in: PubMed
      294. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW. Arteriovenous fistula of the internal maxillary artery: treatment with transarterial embolization. Radiology. 1988 Aug; 168(2):443-5. PMID: 3393664.
        View in: PubMed
      295. Tsuruda JS, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Mark AS, Hieshima GB, Norman D. MR evaluation of large intracranial aneurysms using cine low flip angle gradient-refocused imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Jul; 151(1):153-62. PMID: 3259800.
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      296. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Hardin CW, Yang PJ. Transvenous embolization of direct carotid cavernous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1988 Jul-Aug; 9(4):741-7. PMID: 3135718.
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      297. Yang PJ, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Platinum wire: a new transvascular embolic agent. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1988 May-Jun; 9(3):547-50. PMID: 3132829.
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      298. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Rosenblum M, Cahan L. Treatment of dural arteriovenous malformations involving the superior sagittal sinus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1988 Mar-Apr; 9(2):337-43. PMID: 3128082.
        View in: PubMed
      299. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB. Treatment of vertebral arteriovenous fistulas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Feb; 150(2):405-12. PMID: 3257333.
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      300. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Yang P, Barnwell S, Wilson CB, Hieshima GB. Preoperative balloon occlusion of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 1988 Feb; 22(2):301-8. PMID: 3352879.
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      301. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB, Cahan L. Cavernous carotid artery aneurysm associated with Marfan's syndrome: treatment by balloon embolization therapy. Neurosurgery. 1988 Feb; 22(2):297-300. PMID: 3352878.
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      302. Halbach VV, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Reicher M. Carotid cavernous fistulae: indications for urgent treatment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Sep; 149(3):587-93. PMID: 3497549.
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      303. Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Mehringer CM, Hieshima GB. Giant cavernous aneurysm associated with trigeminal artery: treatment by detachable balloon. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1987 Sep-Oct; 8(5):757-8. PMID: 3118671.
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      304. Hieshima GB, Reicher MA, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cahan LD, Martin NA, Frazee JG, Rand RW, Bentson JR. Intraoperative digital subtraction neuroangiography: a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1987 Sep-Oct; 8(5):759-67. PMID: 3118672.
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      305. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Norman D. Normal perfusion pressure breakthrough occurring during treatment of carotid and vertebral fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1987 Sep-Oct; 8(5):751-6. PMID: 3118670.
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      306. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Tsai FY, Halbach VV, Norman D, Newton TH. Transluminal angioplasty of the vertebral and basilar artery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1987 Sep-Oct; 8(5):745-9. PMID: 2960222.
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      307. Brodsky MC, Hoyt WF, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Barbaro NM. Recovery from total monocular blindness after balloon embolization of carotid-cavernous fistula. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Jul 15; 104(1):86-7. PMID: 3605287.
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      308. Brodsky MC, Hoyt WF, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Halbach VV. Bonnet-Dechaume-Blanc syndrome with large facial angioma. Arch Ophthalmol. 1987 Jun; 105(6):854-5. PMID: 3579716.
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      309. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Reicher M, Norman D, Newton TH. Dural fistulas involving the cavernous sinus: results of treatment in 30 patients. Radiology. 1987 May; 163(2):437-42. PMID: 3562823.
        View in: PubMed
      310. Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Goto K, Norman D, Newton TH. Dural fistulas involving the transverse and sigmoid sinuses: results of treatment in 28 patients. Radiology. 1987 May; 163(2):443-7. PMID: 3562824.
        View in: PubMed
      311. Cahan LD, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hieshima GB. Variants of radiculomeningeal vascular malformations of the spine. J Neurosurg. 1987 Mar; 66(3):333-7. PMID: 3819826.
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      312. Numaguchi Y, Higashida RT, Abernathy JM, Pisarello JC. Balloon embolization in a carotid-cavernous fistula in fibromuscular dysplasia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1987 Mar-Apr; 8(2):380-2. PMID: 3105297.
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      313. Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Wapenski J, Halbach VV, Bentson JR. Intravascular balloon embolization of a large mid-basilar artery aneurysm. Case report. J Neurosurg. 1987 Jan; 66(1):124-7. PMID: 3783243.
        View in: PubMed
      314. Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cahan L, Goto K. Intravascular balloon embolization of a carotid-ophthalmic artery aneurysm with preservation of the parent vessel. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1986 Sep-Oct; 7(5):916-8. PMID: 3096116.
        View in: PubMed
      315. Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Wapenski J, Halbach VV, Cahan L, Bentson JR. Balloon embolization of a large distal basilar artery aneurysm. Case report. J Neurosurg. 1986 Sep; 65(3):413-6. PMID: 3734895.
        View in: PubMed
      316. Tsai FY, Matovich V, Hieshima G, Shah DC, Mehringer CM, Tiu G, Higashida R, Pribram HF. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the carotid artery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1986 Mar-Apr; 7(2):349-58. PMID: 2869669.
        View in: PubMed
      317. Tsai FY, Matovich VB, Hieshima GB, Higashida R, Shah DG, Ashraf A, Pribram HF. Practical aspects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the carotid artery. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:127-30. PMID: 2980990.
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      318. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Halbach VV, Goto K, Dormandy B, Bell J, Cahan L, Bentson JR. Intravascular detachable balloon embolization of intracranial aneurysms. Indications and techniques. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:594-6. PMID: 2980567.
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      319. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Halbach VV, Bentson JR, Goto K. Closure of carotid cavernous sinus fistulae by external compression of the carotid artery and jugular vein. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:580-3. PMID: 2980563.
        View in: PubMed
      320. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Tsai FY, Bentson JR, Halbach VV. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the subclavian and vertebral arteries. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:124-6. PMID: 2980989.
        View in: PubMed
      321. Higashida RT, Hieshima GB, Halbach VV, Goto K. Cervical carotid artery aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. Treatment by balloon embolization therapy. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:591-3. PMID: 2980566.
        View in: PubMed
      322. Goto K, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Bentson JR, Mehringer CM, Pribram HF. Treatment of direct carotid cavernous sinus fistulae. Various therapeutic approaches and results in 148 cases. Acta Radiol Suppl. 1986; 369:576-9. PMID: 2980562.
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