Brandon Holmes, MD, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address1700 4th Street, #504
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-1153-840X Additional info
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Oberlin College, Oberlin, OhioBA05/2007Neuroscience
    Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, MOMD05/2017Medicine
    Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, MOPhD05/2017Neuroscience
    UCSF, San Francisco, CA06/2021Neurology Residency
    UCSF, San Francisco, CA06/2023Behavioral Neurology
    UCSF, San Francisco, CAPostdoctoral Scholar, Wells Lab
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    UCSF2023Weill Award for Clinician-Scientists in the Neurosciences

    Collapse Overview 

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Interrogating and Targeting Microglia Phagocytosis in Alzheimer’s Disease
    NIH 1K08NS133290-01Aug 1, 2023 - May 31, 2028
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Interrogating and Targeting the Microglia Cell-Surface in Alzheimer’s Disease
    BrightFocus Foundation A2022008FJul 1, 2022 - Dec 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neuroinflammation in Neurodegeneration: A Microglia Perspective
    UCSF ADRC Jul 1, 2022 - Jul 1, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    R25 Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: Elucidating the Microglia Surfaceome
    NIH 2R25NS070680-11Jul 1, 2020 - Jun 30, 2023
    Tracking the Propagation of Misfolded Tau: A Study of Cellular Uptake and Traffic
    NIH F31NS079039Apr 1, 2012 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Transcobalamin receptor antibodies in autoimmune vitamin B12 central deficiency. Sci Transl Med. 2024 Jun 26; 16(753):eadl3758. Pluvinage JV, Ngo T, Fouassier C, McDonagh M, Holmes BB, Bartley CM, Kondapavulur S, Hurabielle C, Bodansky A, Pai V, Hinman S, Aslanpour A, Alvarenga BD, Zorn KC, Zamecnik C, McCann A, Asencor AI, Huynh T, Browne W, Tubati A, Haney MS, Douglas VC, Louine M, Cree BAC, Hauser SL, Seeley W, Baranzini SE, Wells JA, Spudich S, Farhadian S, Ramachandran PS, Gillum L, Hales CM, Zikherman J, Anderson MS, Yazdany J, Smith B, Nath A, Suh G, Flanagan EP, Green AJ, Green R, Gelfand JM, DeRisi JL, Pleasure SJ, Wilson MR. PMID: 38924428.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Jugular Foramen Syndrome Caused by Varicella Zoster Virus Infection. Neurohospitalist. 2023 Jul; 13(3):290-293. Adjepong KO, LaHue SC, Ha D, Holmes BB. PMID: 37441204; PMCID: PMC10334059.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    3. A striking dichotomy. J Hosp Med. 2022 06; 17(6):485-488. Thomas NJ, Shekarchian S, Bock MA, Holmes BB, Geha RM, Shah MP. PMID: 35535948; PMCID: PMC9197992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Author Response: Amnestic Syndrome and Bilateral Hippocampal Diffusion Abnormalities From Opioid Use. Neurol Clin Pract. 2021 Oct; 11(5):600. Holmes BB, Ahlbach C, Narvid J, Rosendale N. PMID: 34840872; PMCID: PMC8610551.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Amnestic Syndrome and Bilateral Hippocampal Diffusion Abnormalities From Opioid Use. Neurol Clin Pract. 2021 Oct; 11(5):e801-e802. Ahlbach C, Holmes BB, Narvid J, Rosendale N. PMID: 34840916; PMCID: PMC8610555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    6. Clinical Reasoning: A 2-Day-Old Boy With Sudden Cardiac Arrest and Encephalopathy. Neurology. 2021 10 26; 97(17):e1743-e1746. Holmes BB, Russ JB, Wu YW, Gallagher RC, Gano D. PMID: 34158382; PMCID: PMC10513875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Hyper-Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy-Like Syndrome in Early Pregnancy. Neurohospitalist. 2022 Jan; 12(1):90-95. Holmes BB, Nolan A, Wong C, Sun CH. PMID: 34950393; PMCID: PMC8689535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    8. An isolated ruptured spinal aneurysm presents with a thalamic Infarct: case report. BMC Neurol. 2021 Feb 03; 21(1):52. Tenorio A, Holmes BB, Abla AA, Amans M, Meisel K. PMID: 33535981; PMCID: PMC7856767.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. A synthetic heparinoid blocks Tau aggregate cell uptake and amplification. J Biol Chem. 2020 03 06; 295(10):2974-2983. Stopschinski BE, Thomas TL, Nadji S, Darvish E, Fan L, Holmes BB, Modi AR, Finnell JG, Kashmer OM, Estill-Terpack S, Mirbaha H, Luu HS, Diamond MI. PMID: 31974166; PMCID: PMC7062170.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    10. Adult-Onset Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis With a 30-Year Latent Period. Neurohospitalist. 2020 Apr; 10(2):127-132. Holmes BB, Conell-Price J, Kreple CJ, Ashraf D, Betjemann J, Rosendale N. PMID: 32373277; PMCID: PMC7191669.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    11. Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy have distinct α-synuclein seed characteristics. J Biol Chem. 2019 01 18; 294(3):1045-1058. Yamasaki TR, Holmes BB, Furman JL, Dhavale DD, Su BW, Song ES, Cairns NJ, Kotzbauer PT, Diamond MI. PMID: 30478174; PMCID: PMC6341389.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 88     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Specific glycosaminoglycan chain length and sulfation patterns are required for cell uptake of tau versus α-synuclein and β-amyloid aggregates. J Biol Chem. 2018 07 06; 293(27):10826-10840. Stopschinski BE, Holmes BB, Miller GM, Manon VA, Vaquer-Alicea J, Prueitt WL, Hsieh-Wilson LC, Diamond MI. PMID: 29752409; PMCID: PMC6036193.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Vertebrobasilar Dolichoectasia Causing An Optic Tract Syndrome. J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 06; 37(2):179-181. Holmes BB, Green WC, Kung NH, Goebel JA, Van Stavern GP. PMID: 28350571.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Cellular Models for the Study of Prions. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2017 Feb 01; 7(2). Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 27815306; PMCID: PMC5287063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    15. Tau reduction prevents neuronal loss and reverses pathological tau deposition and seeding in mice with tauopathy. Sci Transl Med. 2017 01 25; 9(374). DeVos SL, Miller RL, Schoch KM, Holmes BB, Kebodeaux CS, Wegener AJ, Chen G, Shen T, Tran H, Nichols B, Zanardi TA, Kordasiewicz HB, Swayze EE, Bennett CF, Diamond MI, Miller TM. PMID: 28123067; PMCID: PMC5792300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 192     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    16. Prions and Protein Assemblies that Convey Biological Information in Health and Disease. Neuron. 2016 Feb 03; 89(3):433-48. Sanders DW, Kaufman SK, Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 26844828; PMCID: PMC4748384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    17. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans mediate Aβ-induced oxidative stress and hypercontractility in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Mol Neurodegener. 2016 Jan 22; 11:9. Reynolds MR, Singh I, Azad TD, Holmes BB, Verghese PB, Dietrich HH, Diamond M, Bu G, Han BH, Zipfel GJ. PMID: 26801396; PMCID: PMC4722750.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. Sensitive Detection of Proteopathic Seeding Activity with FRET Flow Cytometry. J Vis Exp. 2015 Dec 08; (106):e53205. Furman JL, Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 26710240; PMCID: PMC4692784.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Tau Trimers Are the Minimal Propagation Unit Spontaneously Internalized to Seed Intracellular Aggregation. J Biol Chem. 2015 Jun 12; 290(24):14893-903. Mirbaha H, Holmes BB, Sanders DW, Bieschke J, Diamond MI. PMID: 25887395; PMCID: PMC4463437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 109     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Proteopathic tau seeding predicts tauopathy in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 14; 111(41):E4376-85. Holmes BB, Furman JL, Mahan TE, Yamasaki TR, Mirbaha H, Eades WC, Belaygorod L, Cairns NJ, Holtzman DM, Diamond MI. PMID: 25261551; PMCID: PMC4205609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 292     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    21. Prion-like properties of Tau protein: the importance of extracellular Tau as a therapeutic target. J Biol Chem. 2014 Jul 18; 289(29):19855-61. Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 24860099; PMCID: PMC4106306.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 103     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans mediate internalization and propagation of specific proteopathic seeds. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 13; 110(33):E3138-47. Holmes BB, DeVos SL, Kfoury N, Li M, Jacks R, Yanamandra K, Ouidja MO, Brodsky FM, Marasa J, Bagchi DP, Kotzbauer PT, Miller TM, Papy-Garcia D, Diamond MI. PMID: 23898162; PMCID: PMC3746848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 417     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. An N-terminal nuclear export signal regulates trafficking and aggregation of Huntingtin (Htt) protein exon 1. J Biol Chem. 2013 Mar 01; 288(9):6063-71. Zheng Z, Li A, Holmes BB, Marasa JC, Diamond MI. PMID: 23319588; PMCID: PMC3585045.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor acts as a neurotrophin in the developing inner ear. Development. 2012 Dec; 139(24):4666-74. Bank LM, Bianchi LM, Ebisu F, Lerman-Sinkoff D, Smiley EC, Shen YC, Ramamurthy P, Thompson DL, Roth TM, Beck CR, Flynn M, Teller RS, Feng L, Llewellyn GN, Holmes B, Sharples C, Coutinho-Budd J, Linn SA, Chervenak AP, Dolan DF, Benson J, Kanicki A, Martin CA, Altschuler R, Koch AE, Koch AE, Jewett EM, Germiller JA, Barald KF. PMID: 23172918; PMCID: PMC3509728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. Cellular mechanisms of protein aggregate propagation. Curr Opin Neurol. 2012 Dec; 25(6):721-6. Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 23108252; PMCID: PMC3564233.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    26. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and organ donation: is there risk of disease transmission? Ann Neurol. 2012 Dec; 72(6):832-6. Holmes BB, Diamond MI. PMID: 23280834; PMCID: PMC3569489.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Trans-cellular propagation of Tau aggregation by fibrillar species. J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 01; 287(23):19440-51. Kfoury N, Holmes BB, Jiang H, Holtzman DM, Diamond MI. PMID: 22461630; PMCID: PMC3365982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 292     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. In vivo microdialysis reveals age-dependent decrease of brain interstitial fluid tau levels in P301S human tau transgenic mice. J Neurosci. 2011 Sep 14; 31(37):13110-7. Yamada K, Cirrito JR, Stewart FR, Jiang H, Finn MB, Holmes BB, Binder LI, Mandelkow EM, Diamond MI, Lee VM, Holtzman DM. PMID: 21917794; PMCID: PMC4299126.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 198     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
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