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Grayson Marshall, JR, DDS, PhD, MPH

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Dentistry
DepartmentPreventive & Restor Dent Sci
Address707 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-476-9119
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Virginia TechBSMetallurgical Engineering
    Northwestern UniversityDDSDental School
    Northwestern UniversityPhDGraduate School
    Northwestern UniversityPost-Doctoral ScholarBiological Materials
    University of Melbourne (Australia)Visiting Fellow Prosthodontics
    University of California BerkeleyMaster of Public HealthEpidemiology
    Malmo University (Sweden)Dr. of Odontology. (h.c.)Odontology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Grayson W. Marshall, Jr received a BS degree in engineering at Virginia Tech , a DDS and PhD from Northwestern University, an MPH in epidemiology from U.C. Berkeley., and an honorary doctorate from Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden. Dr. Marshall was a post-doctoral scholar in biological materials at Northwestern and a visiting fellow at University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He served on the Northwestern University faculty from 1973-87, before joining UCSF where he is currently Distinguished Professor Emeritus. He has served as Chair of the Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering 1988-present, and Vice Chair, Dept. of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences from 2005-12. . Dr. Marshall served as Director for the UCSF Comprehensive Oral Health Research Training (COHORT) Program (2001-08), the Dentist Scientist Award Program (1996-2004) and the Integrated DDS/PhD Program (1996-08); he was Chair of the Oral and Craniofacial Sciences (OCS) Graduate Group (2002-07), and is a member of several other UCSF graduate programs and groups. He holds fellowships in AAAS, the Academy of Dental Materials, American College of Dentists, the International College of Dentists, and the American Assoc. for Dental Research.. In 2007 he received the IADR Wilmer Souder Distinguished Scientist Award, and in 2009 the ADM Founders Award. He served as President of the American Association for Dental Research in 2009-10. Dr. Marshall received the
    Distinguished Faculty Award from the Northern California Section of the American College of Dentists (2013). In 2017 he received the IADR Innovation in Oral Care Award.

    Our research group studies structure-mechanical property relationships of calcified tissues (bone, cementum, dentin, enamel). The main functions of these biological materials are mechanical, but much work is needed to understand how their unique and versatile properties are derived based on combinations of protein and mineral. We seek insight into biomineralization processes associated with these tissues during development, alterations resulting from disease, or repair and regeneration from clinical treatments. We also focus on natural interfaces between various calcified tissues and artificial interfaces between the tissues and artificial materials, e.g., dental restorations, implants, bioactive substrates. We use a wide variety of approaches including atomic force microscopy (AFM; and AFM-based nano-indentation) as well as other high resolution imaging methods and participate in wide ranging collaborations in the Bay Area. This work helps define alteration in properties and structure with hydration state, mineral level, and variations induced by disease and physiological processes. This information is needed to develop a composite structural model of calcified tissues and can assist in the development of bioinspired materials and tissue engineering.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Remineralizing Cement for Dentin Caries
    International Association for Dental Research and GalaxoSmithKline Innovation in Oral Care AwardApr 1, 2017 - Mar 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Dentin Structure, Demineralization and Remineralization
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE016849Jul 1, 2005 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Comprehensive Oral Health Training Program
    NIH/NIDCR T32DE007306Aug 1, 1996 - Jun 30, 2018
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    DENTIST-SCIENTIST TRAINING PROGRAM AT UCSF
    NIH/NIDCR K16DE000386Jul 1, 1996 - Jun 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    DENTIN STRUCTURE, DEMINERALIZATION, AND SHRINKAGE
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE011526Sep 30, 1995 - Jul 31, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Characterization and Modification of Dental Hard Tissues
    NIH/NIDCR P01DE009859Aug 1, 1991 - Jun 30, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    DENTIN CHARACTERIZATION AND MODIFICATION
    NIH/NIDCR P50DE009859Aug 1, 1991 - Jul 31, 1996
    Role: Co-Investigator
    SMALL INSTRUMENTATION PROGRAM
    NIH/NIDCR S15DE009278Sep 1, 1989 - Aug 31, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MICROSTRUCTURE VS DETERIORATION OF AMALGAM RESTORATIONS
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE006563Apr 1, 1983 - Aug 31, 1993
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Zuckerman RN, De Yoreo JJ, Chen C-L, Chien Y-C, Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Saeki K. Peptoids Useful For the Mineralization of Apatite. 2017.
    2. Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Nurrohman H, Saeki K, Habilitz S, Gower LB . Compositions for the Remineralization of Dentin. 2017.
    3. Saeki K, Chien YC, Nonomura G, Chin AF, Habelitz S, Gower LB, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Recovery after PILP remineralization of dentin lesions created with two cariogenic acids. Arch Oral Biol. 2017 Oct; 82:194-202. PMID: 28647649.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Nurrohman H, Saeki K, Carneiro K, Chien YC, Djomehri S, Ho SP, Qin C, Marshall SJ, Gower LB, Marshall G, Habelitz S. Repair of dentin defects from DSPP knockout mice by PILP mineralization. J Mater Res. 2016 Feb 15; 31(3):321-327. PMID: 27239097.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Saeki K, Marshall G, Gansky SA, Parkinson CR, Marshall SJ. Strontium effects on root dentin tubule occlusion and nanomechanical properties. Dent Mater. 2016 Feb; 32(2):240-51. PMID: 26764175.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kurylo MP, Grandfield K, Marshall G, Altoe V, Aloni S, Ho SP. Effect of proteoglycans at interfaces as related to location, architecture, and mechanical cues. Arch Oral Biol. 2016 Mar; 63:82-92. PMID: 26741830; PMCID: PMC4761423 [Available on 03/01/17].
    7. Saeki K, Chin AF, Nonomura GT, Hilton JF, Chien YC, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. In vitro evaluation of adhesive characteristics of 4-META/MMA-TBB resin with organic filler. Dent Mater. 2015 Dec; 31(12):1567-78. PMID: 26590030.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Chien YC, Burwell AK, Saeki K, Fernandez-Martinez A, Pugach MK, Nonomura G, Habelitz S, Ho SP, Rapozo-Hilo M, Featherstone JD, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Distinct decalcification process of dentin by different cariogenic organic acids: Kinetics, ultrastructure and mechanical properties. Arch Oral Biol. 2016 Mar; 63:93-105. PMID: 26745819; PMCID: PMC4851108 [Available on 03/01/17].
    9. Djomehri SI, Candell S, Case T, Browning A, Marshall G, Yun W, Lau SH, Webb S, Ho SP. Mineral density volume gradients in normal and diseased human tissues. PLoS One. 2015; 10(4):e0121611. PMID: 25856386; PMCID: PMC4391782.
    10. Habelitz S, Hsu T, Hsiao P, Saeki K, Chien Y-C, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, . Advances in Bioceramics and Biotechnologies II, Ceramic Transactions. The natural process of biomineralization and in vitro remineralization of dentin lesions. Joanna McKittrick (Editor), Roger Narayan (Editor), Hua-Tay Lin (Series Editor) . 2014; 247:13-24.
    11. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. Biomechanical Perspective on the Remineralization of Dentin.. Critical appraisal of Caries Res 2009 43:70-77. 2014; 26:142-145.
    12. Pinzon LM, Watanabe LG, Reis AF, Powers JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Analysis of interfacial structure and bond strength of self-etch adhesives. Am J Dent. 2013 Dec; 26(6):335-40. PMID: 24640438; PMCID: PMC3962957.
    13. Thompson VP, Watson TF, Marshall G, Blackman BR, Stansbury JW, Schadler LS, Pearson RA, Libanori R. Outside-the-(cavity-prep)-box thinking. Adv Dent Res. 2013 Nov; 25(1):24-32. PMID: 24129814; PMCID: PMC3797535.
    14. Ho SP, Kurylo MP, Grandfield K, Hurng J, Herber RP, Ryder MI, Altoe V, Aloni S, Feng JQ, Webb S, Marshall G, Curtis D, Andrews JC, Pianetta P. The plastic nature of the human bone-periodontal ligament-tooth fibrous joint. Bone. 2013 Dec; 57(2):455-67. PMID: 24063947; PMCID: PMC3938967.
    15. Saffarian Tousi N, Velten MF, Bishop TJ, Leong KK, Barkhordar NS, Marshall G, Loomer PM, Aswath PB, Varanasi VG. Combinatorial effect of Si4+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ released from bioactive glasses on osteoblast osteocalcin expression and biomineralization. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013 Jul 01; 33(5):2757-65. PMID: 23623093.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Staninec M, Artiga N, Gansky SA, Marshall G, Eakle S . Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. Bonded Amalgam Sealants and Adhesive Resin Sealants: Five-year Clinical Results.Critical appraisal of Quintessence Inter. 2004 35:351-357. 2013; 25:360-361.
    17. Varanasi VG, Leong KK, Dominia LM, Jue SM, Loomer PM, Marshall G. Si and Ca individually and combinatorially target enhanced MC3T3-E1 subclone 4 early osteogenic marker expression. J Oral Implantol. 2012 Aug; 38(4):325-36. PMID: 22913306.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Burwell AK, Thula-Mata T, Gower LB, Habelitz S, Habeliz S, Kurylo M, Ho SP, Chien YC, Cheng J, Cheng NF, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Functional remineralization of dentin lesions using polymer-induced liquid-precursor process. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38852. PMID: 22719965; PMCID: PMC3374775.
    19. Bertassoni LE, Marshall G, Swain MV. Mechanical heterogeneity of dentin at different length scales as determined by AFM phase contrast. Micron. 2012 Dec; 43(12):1364-71. PMID: 22575216.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Varanasi V, Leong KK, Jue SM, Dominia LM, Loomer PM, Marshall G. Si and Ca Combinatorially Target and Enhance Early MC3T3-E1 Osteoblast Expression of Osteocalcin. J Oral Implantol. 2012 Mar 1. PMID: 22380738.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Khajotia SS. . Chapter 2. The Oral Environment. Craig's Restorative Dental Materials. Eds: Sakaguchi RL, Powers JM,. 2012; 5-23.
    22. Goodis HE, Marshall SJ, Tay FR, Marshall G . Seltzer and Bender’s Dental Pulp. (Eds: Hargreaves KM, Goodis, HE, Tay FR). Chapter 13. Repair of Pulp Injury with Dental Materials. 2012; 301-322.
    23. Fajardo RS, Pruitt LA, Finzen FC, Marshall G, Singh S, Singh S, Curtis DA. The effect of E-glass fibers and acrylic resin thickness on fracture load in a simulated implant-supported overdenture prosthesis. J Prosthet Dent. 2011 Dec; 106(6):373-7. PMID: 22133394.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Tomsia, Antoni P; Saiz, Eduardo; Gomez-Vega, Jose; Marshall, Sally J. Marshall, Grayson W . Glass/Ceramic Coatings for Implants, US Patent No. 8,012,590. 2011.
    25. Hurng JM, Kurylo MP, Marshall G, Webb SM, Ryder MI, Ho SP. Discontinuities in the human bone-PDL-cementum complex. Biomaterials. 2011 Oct; 32(29):7106-17. PMID: 21774982; PMCID: PMC3185383.
    26. Varanasi VG, Owyoung JB, Saiz E, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Loomer PM. The ionic products of bioactive glass particle dissolution enhance periodontal ligament fibroblast osteocalcin expression and enhance early mineralized tissue development. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2011 Aug; 98(2):177-84. PMID: 21548068.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Pinzon LM, Powers JM, O'Keefe KL, Dusevish V, Spencer P, Marshall G. Effect of mucoprotein on the bond strength of resin composite to human dentin. Odontology. 2011 Jul; 99(2):119-28. PMID: 21516294; PMCID: PMC3711545.
    28. Mankani MH, Afghani S, Franco J, Launey M, Marshall S, Marshall G, Nissenson R, Lee J, Tomsia AP, Saiz E. Lamellar spacing in cuboid hydroxyapatite scaffolds regulates bone formation by human bone marrow stromal cells. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Jun; 17(11-12):1615-23. PMID: 21294634; PMCID: PMC3098957.
    29. Brauer DS, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Nano- and micromechanical properties of dentine: Investigation of differences with tooth side. J Biomech. 2011 May 17; 44(8):1626-9. PMID: 21440894; PMCID: PMC3085586.
    30. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Mechanical recovery of dentin following remineralization in vitro--an indentation study. J Biomech. 2011 Jan 04; 44(1):176-81. PMID: 20926080; PMCID: PMC3003773.
    31. Thula-Mata T, Burwell A, Gower LB, Habeliz S, Marshall G. Remineralization of Artificial Dentin Lesions via the Polymer-Induced Liquid-Precursor (PILP) Process. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc. 2011; 1355:1114. PMID: 24839340.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Pugach M, Soares PC, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Evaluation of surface structural and mechanical changes following remineralization of dentin. Scanning. 2010 Sep-Oct; 32(5):312-9. PMID: 20853406; PMCID: PMC2981622.
    33. Chang JL, Brauer DS, Johnson J, Chen CG, Akil O, Balooch G, Humphrey MB, Chin EN, Porter AE, Butcher K, Ritchie RO, Schneider RA, Lalwani A, Derynck R, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Lustig L, Alliston T. Tissue-specific calibration of extracellular matrix material properties by transforming growth factor-ß and Runx2 in bone is required for hearing. EMBO Rep. 2010 Oct; 11(10):765-71. PMID: 20847738; PMCID: PMC2948188.
    34. Ho SP, Kurylo MP, Fong TK, Lee SS, Wagner HD, Ryder MI, Marshall G. The biomechanical characteristics of the bone-periodontal ligament-cementum complex. Biomaterials. 2010 Sep; 31(25):6635-46. PMID: 20541802; PMCID: PMC2925235.
    35. Brauer DS, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Variations in human DEJ scallop size with tooth type. J Dent. 2010 Jul; 38(7):597-601. PMID: 20359518; PMCID: PMC2880199.
    36. Pinzon LM, Oguri M, O'Keefe K, Dusevish V, Spencer P, Powers JM, Marshall G. Bond strength of adhesives to dentin contaminated with smoker's saliva. Odontology. 2010 Feb; 98(1):37-43. PMID: 20155506; PMCID: PMC2930773.
    37. Marshall SJ, Bayne SC, Baier R, Tomsia AP, Marshall G. A review of adhesion science. Dent Mater. 2010 Feb; 26(2):e11-6. PMID: 20018362.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Bertassoni LE, Marshall G. Papain-gel degrades intact nonmineralized type I collagen fibrils. Scanning. 2009 Nov-Dec; 31(6):253-8. PMID: 20205185; PMCID: PMC2939036.
    39. Gallagher RR, Balooch M, Balooch G, Wilson RS, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Coupled Nanomechanical and Raman Microspectroscopic Investigation of Human Third Molar DEJ. J Dent Biomech. 2010; 2010. PMID: 20948572; PMCID: PMC2951110.
    40. Varanasi VG, Saiz E, Loomer PM, Ancheta B, Uritani N, Ho SP, Tomsia AP, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Enhanced osteocalcin expression by osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) exposed to bioactive coating glass (SiO2-CaO-P2O5-MgO-K2O-Na2O system) ions. Acta Biomater. 2009 Nov; 5(9):3536-47. PMID: 19497391.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Ho SP, Senkyrikova P, Marshall GW, Yun W, Wang Y, Karan K, Li C, Marshall G. Structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of coronal cementum in human deciduous molars. Dent Mater. 2009 Oct; 25(10):1195-204. PMID: 19464049; PMCID: PMC2782750.
    42. Marshall G. Advocacy: goals are dreams we work for. J Dent Res. 2009 May; 88(5):395. PMID: 19493880.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Biomechanical perspective on the remineralization of dentin. Caries Res. 2009; 43(1):70-7. PMID: 19208991; PMCID: PMC2698028.
    44. Pugach MK, Strother J, Darling CL, Fried D, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Dentin caries zones: mineral, structure, and properties. J Dent Res. 2009 Jan; 88(1):71-6. PMID: 19131321; PMCID: PMC2759645.
    45. Bertassoni LE, Marshall G, de Souza EM, Rached RN. Effect of pre- and postpolymerization on flexural strength and elastic modulus of impregnated, fiber-reinforced denture base acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent. 2008 Dec; 100(6):449-57. PMID: 19033029.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Mankani MH, Kuznetsov SA, Marshall G, Robey PG. Creation of new bone by the percutaneous injection of human bone marrow stromal cell and HA/TCP suspensions. Tissue Eng Part A. 2008 Dec; 14(12):1949-58. PMID: 18800877; PMCID: PMC2753832.
    47. Komabayashi T, Nonomura G, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Dentin tubule numerical density variations below the CEJ. J Dent. 2008 Nov; 36(11):953-8. PMID: 18786756; PMCID: PMC2597416.
    48. Ho SP, Yu B, Yun W, Marshall GW, Ryder MI, Marshall G. Structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of human and rat cementum and its interface with root dentin. Acta Biomater. 2009 Feb; 5(2):707-18. PMID: 18829402; PMCID: PMC2685077.
    49. Kuznetsov SA, Huang KE, Marshall G, Robey PG, Mankani MH. Long-term stable canine mandibular augmentation using autologous bone marrow stromal cells and hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate. Biomaterials. 2008 Nov; 29(31):4211-6. PMID: 18687465; PMCID: PMC3383855.
    50. Brauer DS, Saeki K, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Effect of sterilization by gamma radiation on nano-mechanical properties of teeth. Dent Mater. 2008 Aug; 24(8):1137-40. PMID: 18436298.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Balooch M, Habelitz S, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Mechanical properties of mineralized collagen fibrils as influenced by demineralization. J Struct Biol. 2008 Jun; 162(3):404-10. PMID: 18467127; PMCID: PMC2697659.
    52. Staninec M, Nguyen H, Kim P, Marshall GW, Rithchie RO, Marshall G. Four-point bending evaluation of dentin-composite interfaces with various stresses. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008 Jan 01; 13(1):E81-4. PMID: 18167488.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Lee JS, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Wegst UGK. . Adv Mater & Processes. Novel nanooomposites for bone regeneration. . 2008; 166(july):66,70.
    54. Hsu KW, Marshall SJ, Pinzon LM, Watanabe L, Saiz E, Marshall G. SEM evaluation of resin-carious dentin interfaces formed by two dentin adhesive systems. Dent Mater. 2008 Jul; 24(7):880-7. PMID: 18155289; PMCID: PMC2475581.
    55. Klein OD, Lyons DB, Balooch G, Marshall G, Basson MA, Peterka M, Boran T, Peterkova R, Martin GR. An FGF signaling loop sustains the generation of differentiated progeny from stem cells in mouse incisors. Development. 2008 Jan; 135(2):377-85. PMID: 18077585; PMCID: PMC2555979.
    56. Staninec M, Kim P, Marshall GW, Ritchie RO, Marshall G. Fatigue of dentin-composite interfaces with four-point bend. Dent Mater. 2008 Jun; 24(6):799-803. PMID: 17996931; PMCID: PMC2473862.
    57. Ho SP, Marshall SJ, Ryder MI, Marshall G. The tooth attachment mechanism defined by structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of collagen fibers in the periodontium. Biomaterials. 2007 Dec; 28(35):5238-45. PMID: 17870156; PMCID: PMC2423002.
    58. Habelitz S, Rodriguez BJ, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Kalinin SV, Gruverman A. Peritubular dentin lacks piezoelectricity. J Dent Res. 2007 Sep; 86(9):908-11. PMID: 17720865; PMCID: PMC2699430.
    59. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Saiz E, Tomsia AP. Bioactive glass coatings affect the behavior of osteoblast-like cells. Acta Biomater. 2007 Sep; 3(5):765-71. PMID: 17466608; PMCID: PMC2093947.
    60. Saeki K, Hilton JF, Alliston T, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Denbesten P. Elevated TGF-beta2 signaling in dentin results in sex related enamel defects. Arch Oral Biol. 2007 Sep; 52(9):814-21. PMID: 17391645; PMCID: PMC2043093.
    61. Ager JW, Nalla RK, Balooch G, Kim G, Pugach M, Habelitz S, Marshall G, Kinney JH, Ritchie RO. On the increasing fragility of human teeth with age: a deep-UV resonance Raman study. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Dec; 21(12):1879-87. PMID: 17002558.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Mankani MH, Kuznetsov SA, Wolfe RM, Marshall G, Robey PG. In vivo bone formation by human bone marrow stromal cells: reconstruction of the mouse calvarium and mandible. Stem Cells. 2006 Sep; 24(9):2140-9. PMID: 16763200.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Habelitz S, DenBesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Li W. Self-assembly and effect on crystal growth of the leucine-rich amelogenin peptide. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006 May; 114 Suppl 1:315-9; discussion 327-9, 382. PMID: 16674705.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall G. Functionally graded bioactive coatings: reproducibility and stability of the coating under cell culture conditions. Acta Biomater. 2006 Mar; 2(2):133-42. PMID: 16701871.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Varanasi V, Vallortigara T, Saiz E, Tomsia A, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Improving Biomaterials from a Cellular Point of View. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 925:BB03-02.1-7. 2006.
    66. Balooch G, Balooch M, Nalla RK, Schilling S, Filvaroff EH, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Ritchie RO, Derynck R, Alliston T. TGF-beta regulates the mechanical properties and composition of bone matrix. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 27; 102(52):18813-8. PMID: 16354837; PMCID: PMC1323171.
    67. Habelitz S, Denbesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Li W. Amelogenin control over apatite crystal growth is affected by the pH and degree of ionic saturation. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2005 Nov; 8(4):232-8. PMID: 16238603.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Ho SP, Sulyanto RM, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The cementum-dentin junction also contains glycosaminoglycans and collagen fibrils. J Struct Biol. 2005 Jul; 151(1):69-78. PMID: 15964205.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Staninec M, Nalla RK, Hilton JF, Ritchie RO, Watanabe LG, Nonomura G, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Dentin erosion simulation by cantilever beam fatigue and pH change. J Dent Res. 2005 Apr; 84(4):371-5. PMID: 15790746.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Schulze KA, Oliveira SA, Wilson RS, Gansky SA, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Effect of hydration variability on hybrid layer properties of a self-etching versus an acid-etching system. Biomaterials. 2005 Mar; 26(9):1011-8. PMID: 15369689.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Imbeni V, Kruzic JJ, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Ritchie RO. The dentin-enamel junction and the fracture of human teeth. Nat Mater. 2005 Mar; 4(3):229-32. PMID: 15711554.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Habelitz S, Zartoshtimanesh S, Balooch M,. Marshal SJ, Marshall G, DenBesten PK . MRS Proceedings. Structure and Properties of Murine and Human Dentin. 2005; 874:doi:10.1557/PROC-874-L5.18 .
    73. Hosoya Y, Marshall G. The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of sound deciduous canine dentin and young premolar dentin--preliminary study. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2005 Jan; 16(1):1-8. PMID: 15754137.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Carrillo F, Gupta S, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Pruitt L, Puttlitz C. Journal of Materials Research. Nanoindentation of polydimethylsiloxand elastomers: Effect of crosslinking, work of adhesion and fluid environment on elastic modulus. 2005; 20: 2820-2830.
    75. Stefan Habelitz, Shabnam Zartoshtimanesh, Mehdi Balooch, Sally J. Marshall, Grayson W. Marshall and Pamela K. DenBesten. MRS Proceedings, 874 , L5.18 doi:10.1557/PROC-874-L5.18. Structure and Properties of Murine and Human Dentin. 2005.
    76. Hosoya Y, Shinkawa H, Marshall G. Influence of Carisolv on resin adhesion for two different adhesive systems to sound human primary dentin and young permanent dentin. J Dent. 2005 Apr; 33(4):283-91. PMID: 15781136.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Saiz E, Tomsia AP. The influence of novel bioactive glasses on in vitro osteoblast behavior. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Nov 01; 71(2):242-9. PMID: 15372470.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Habelitz S, Kullar A, Marshall SJ, DenBesten PK, Balooch M, Marshall G, Li W. Amelogenin-guided crystal growth on fluoroapatite glass-ceramics. J Dent Res. 2004 Sep; 83(9):698-702. PMID: 15329375.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Hosoya Y, Matsuzaka K, Inoue T, Marshall G. Influence of tooth-polishing pastes and sealants on DIAGNOdent values. Quintessence Int. 2004 Sep; 35(8):605-11. PMID: 15366522.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Ho SP, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Local properties of a functionally graded interphase between cementum and dentin. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Sep 01; 70(3):480-9. PMID: 15293322.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Ho SP, Goodis H, Balooch M, Nonomura G, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The effect of sample preparation technique on determination of structure and nanomechanical properties of human cementum hard tissue. Biomaterials. 2004 Aug; 25(19):4847-57. PMID: 15120532.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Oliveira SS, Marshall SJ, Habelitz S, Gansky SA, Wilson RS, Marshall G. The effect of a self-etching primer on the continuous demineralization of dentin. Eur J Oral Sci. 2004 Aug; 112(4):376-83. PMID: 15279658.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Balooch G, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Warren OL, Asif SA, Balooch M. Evaluation of a new modulus mapping technique to investigate microstructural features of human teeth. J Biomech. 2004 Aug; 37(8):1223-32. PMID: 15212928.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Schulze KA, Balooch M, Balooch G, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Micro-Raman spectroscopic investigation of dental calcified tissues. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 May 01; 69(2):286-93. PMID: 15058001.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Staninec M, Artiga N, Gansky SA, Marshall G, Eakle S. Bonded amalgam sealants and adhesive resin sealants: five-year clinical results. Quintessence Int. 2004 May; 35(5):351-7. PMID: 15130073.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Kinney JH, Gladden JR, Marshall GW, Marshall G, So JH, Maynard JD. Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy measurements of the elastic constants of human dentin. J Biomech. 2004 Apr; 37(4):437-41. PMID: 14996555.
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    87. Hosoya Y, Marshall G. The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of carious and sound primary canine dentin. Oper Dent. 2004 Mar-Apr; 29(2):142-9. PMID: 15088724.
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    88. Ho SP, Balooch M, Goodis HE, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Ultrastructure and nanomechanical properties of cementum dentin junction. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Feb 01; 68(2):343-51. PMID: 14704976.
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    89. Balooch M, Balooch G, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Intrafibrillar demineralization study of single human dentin collagen fibrils. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 823:W6.1.1-6. 2004.
    90. Balooch M, Balooch G, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Intrafibrillar demineralization study of single human dentin collagen fibrils. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 823:W6.1.1-6. 2004.
    91. Marshall GW, Marshall G, Balooch M, Kinney JH. Evaluating demineralization and mechanical properties of human dentin with AFM. Methods Mol Biol. 2004; 242:141-59. PMID: 14578519.
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    92. Hosoya Y, Marshall G . The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of carious and sound primary canine dentin. Oper Dent 29:142-149. 2004.
    93. Habelitz S, DenBesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Li, W. . Adhesion of Amelogenin Protein to Fluoroapatite Inhibits Enzymatic Digestion. Proceeding of the 8th Int. Conf. Chemistry and Biology of Minerlized Tissue, p. 122-124. Editors, W. Landis, J. Sodek. 2004.
    94. Kinney JH, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The importance of intrafibrillar mineralization of collagen on the mechanical properties of dentin. J Dent Res. 2003 Dec; 82(12):957-61. PMID: 14630894.
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    95. Oliveira SS, Pugach MK, Hilton JF, Watanabe LG, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The influence of the dentin smear layer on adhesion: a self-etching primer vs. a total-etch system. Dent Mater. 2003 Dec; 19(8):758-67. PMID: 14511734.
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    96. Wirthlin MR, Marshall G, Rowland RW. Formation and decontamination of biofilms in dental unit waterlines. J Periodontol. 2003 Nov; 74(11):1595-609. PMID: 14682656.
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    97. Schulze KA, Marshall SJ, Gansky SA, Marshall G. Color stability and hardness in dental composites after accelerated aging. Dent Mater. 2003 Nov; 19(7):612-9. PMID: 12901985.
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    98. Schulze KA, Tinschert J, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Spectroscopic analysis of polymer-ceramic dental composites after accelerated aging. Int J Prosthodont. 2003 Jul-Aug; 16(4):355-61. PMID: 12956487.
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    99. Zheng L, Hilton JF, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Dentin caries activity status related to hardness and elasticity. Eur J Oral Sci. 2003 Jun; 111(3):243-52. PMID: 12786956.
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    100. Gallagher RR, Demos SG, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Optical spectroscopy and imaging of the dentin-enamel junction in human third molars. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2003 Feb 01; 64(2):372-7. PMID: 12522825.
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    101. Habelitz S, Ford D, Marshall SJ, DenBesten PK, Balooch M, Marshall G, Li W. Amelogenin Induces In-Vitro Biomineralization at Specific pH. MRS Proceedings 774:07.8.1-O7.8.6. 2003.
    102. Schulze KA, Tinschert J, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Effect of aging on the color and surface quality of composites (in German). Deutscher Zahnarzte Zeitschrift 58:266-271. 2003.
    103. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Habelitz S, Balooch G, Gallagher R, Marshall G . The dentin-enamel junction-a natural, multilevel interface. J European Ceram Soc 23: 2897-2904. 2003.
    104. Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The mechanical properties of human dentin: a critical review and re-evaluation of the dental literature. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2003; 14(1):13-29. PMID: 12764017.
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    105. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Habelitz S, Balooch G, Marshall G . Dentin-Enamel Junction (DEJ)-Biomimetic Model for Material Tissue Interfaces. Transaction Acad Dent Mater 17:21-32. 2003.
    106. Konishi N, Watanabe LG, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Staninec M. Dentin shear strength: effect of distance from the pulp. Dent Mater. 2002 Nov; 18(7):516-20. PMID: 12191664.
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    107. Oliveira SS, Marshall SJ, Hilton JF, Marshall G. Etching kinetics of a self-etching primer. Biomaterials. 2002 Oct; 23(20):4105-12. PMID: 12182312.
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    108. Saiz E, Goldman M, Gomez-Vega JM, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW, Marshall G. In vitro behavior of silicate glass coatings on Ti6A14V. Biomaterials. 2002 Sep; 23(17):3749-56. PMID: 12109700.
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    109. Habelitz S, Marshall GW, Balooch M, Marshall G. Nanoindentation and storage of teeth. J Biomech. 2002 Jul; 35(7):995-8. PMID: 12052404.
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    110. Habelitz S, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Balooch G, Marshall G. In situ atomic force microscopy of partially demineralized human dentin collagen fibrils. J Struct Biol. 2002 Jun; 138(3):227-36. PMID: 12217661.
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    111. Ceballo L, Toledano M, Osorio R, Tay FR, Marshall G. Bonding to Er-YAG-laser-treated dentin. J Dent Res. 2002 Feb; 81(2):119-22. PMID: 11827256.
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    112. Staninec M, Marshall GW, Hilton JF, Pashley DH, Gansky SA, Marshall G, Kinney JH. Ultimate tensile strength of dentin: Evidence for a damage mechanics approach to dentin failure. J Biomed Mater Res. 2002; 63(3):342-5. PMID: 12115767.
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    113. Hosoya Y, Ono T, Marshall G . Microhardness of carious primary canine dentin. Pediatr Dent J 12:91-98. 2002.
    114. Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Balooch M. The functional width of the dentino-enamel junction determined by AFM-based nanoscratching. J Struct Biol. 2001 Sep; 135(3):294-301. PMID: 11722169.
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    115. Kinney JH, Oliveira J, Haupt DL, Marshall GW, Marshall G. The spatial arrangement of tubules in human dentin. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2001 Aug; 12(8):743-51. PMID: 15348247.
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    116. Marshall GW, Habelitz S, Gallagher R, Balooch M, Balooch G, Marshall G. Nanomechanical properties of hydrated carious human dentin. J Dent Res. 2001 Aug; 80(8):1768-71. PMID: 11669491.
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    117. DenBesten PK, Machule D, Gallagher R, Marshall G, Mathews C, Filvaroff E. The effect of TGF-beta 2 on dentin apposition and hardness in transgenic mice. Adv Dent Res. 2001 Aug; 15:39-41. PMID: 12640737.
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    118. Ceballos L, Osorio R, Toledano M, Marshall G. Microleakage of composite restorations after acid or Er-YAG laser cavity treatments. Dent Mater. 2001 Jul; 17(4):340-6. PMID: 11356211.
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    119. Kinney JH, Pople JA, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Collagen orientation and crystallite size in human dentin: a small angle X-ray scattering study. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001 Jul; 69(1):31-7. PMID: 11685431.
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    120. Kinney JH, Pople JA, Driessen CH, Breunig TM, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Intrafibrillar mineral may be absent in dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DI-II). J Dent Res. 2001 Jun; 80(6):1555-9. PMID: 11499512.
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    121. Balooch M, Demos SG, Kinney JH, Marshall GW, Balooch G, Marshall G. Local mechanical and optical properties of normal and transparent root dentin. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2001 Jun; 12(6):507-14. PMID: 15348266.
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    122. Saeki K, Marshall SJ, Gansky SA, Marshall G. Etching characteristics of dentin: effect of ferric chloride in citric acid. J Oral Rehabil. 2001 Apr; 28(4):301-8. PMID: 11350581.
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    123. Hosoya Y, Kawashita Y, Marshall G, Goto G. Influence of Carisolv for resin adhesion to sound human primary dentin and young permanent dentin. J Dent. 2001 Mar; 29(3):163-71. PMID: 11306157.
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    124. Wirthlin MR, Marshall G. Evaluation of ultrasonic scaling unit waterline contamination after use of chlorine dioxide mouthrinse lavage. J Periodontol. 2001 Mar; 72(3):401-10. PMID: 11327069.
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    125. Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Balooch M. Mechanical properties of human dental enamel on the nanometre scale. Arch Oral Biol. 2001 Feb; 46(2):173-83. PMID: 11163325.
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    126. Marshall G, Yücel N, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ. Sodium Hypochlorite Alterations of Dentin and Dentin Collagen. Surface Science 491: 444-455. 2001.
    127. Marshall GW, Chang YJ, Gansky SA, Marshall G. Demineralization of caries-affected transparent dentin by citric acid: an atomic force microscopy study. Dent Mater. 2001 Jan; 17(1):45-52. PMID: 11124413.
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    128. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Gallagher RR, Gansky SA, Marshall G. Mechanical properties of the dentinoenamel junction: AFM studies of nanohardness, elastic modulus, and fracture. J Biomed Mater Res. 2001 Jan; 54(1):87-95. PMID: 11077406.
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    129. Kinney JH, Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Haupt DL. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Three-Dimensional Imaging of Large Compressive Deformations in Elastomeric Foams. 2001; 80:1746-1755.
    130. Habelitz S, Balooch M, Marshall G, Breunig TM, Marshall SJ. AFM-based Nanomechanical Properties and Storage of Dentin and Enamel. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 676: Y.3.27.1-Y.3.27.5. 2001.
    131. Liu SC, Marshall SJ, Tomar SL, Marshall G. Microcanals of dentin associated with maxillary primary anterior teeth. Pediatr Dent. 2000 Jul-Aug; 22(4):318-20. PMID: 10969440.
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    132. Marshall GW, Chang YJ, Saeki K, Gansky SA, Marshall G. Citric acid etching of cervical sclerotic dentin lesions: an AFM study. J Biomed Mater Res. 2000 Mar 05; 49(3):338-44. PMID: 10602066.
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    133. Hosoya Y, Marshall SJ, Watanabe LG, Marshall G. Microhardness of carious deciduous dentin. Oper Dent. 2000 Mar-Apr; 25(2):81-9. PMID: 11203804.
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    134. Hosoya Y, Kawashita Y, Yoshida M, Suefuji C, Marshall G. Fluoridated light-activated bonding resin adhesion to enamel and dentin: primary vs. permanent. Pediatr Dent. 2000 Mar-Apr; 22(2):101-6. PMID: 10769853.
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    135. Watanabe LG, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. Variables Influence on Shear Bond Strength Testing to Dentin. Advanced Adhesive Dentistry, 3rd International Kuraray Symposium, Grenada, Spain, 1999, J. Tagami, M. Toledano, C. Prati (Eds.) , Kuraray Co. Ltd, ISBN 88-87961-00-X, pp 75-90. 2000.
    136. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Bioactive glass coatings with hydroxyapatite and Bioglass particles on Ti-based implants. 1. Processing. Biomaterials. 2000 Jan; 21(2):105-11. PMID: 10632392.
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    137. Schneider BT, Baumann MA, Watanabe LG, Marshall G. Dentin shear bond strength of compomers and composites. Dent Mater. 2000 Jan; 16(1):15-9. PMID: 11203518.
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    138. Hosoya Y, Kawasaki Y, Goto G, Marshall G . Pediatr Dent Journal. Evaluation of enamel preparation systems for resin adhesion. 2000; 10:111-118.
    139. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Oku T, Suganumu K, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. Novel Bioactive functionally graded coatings on Ti6Al4V Adv Mater 12:894-898. 2000.
    140. Nagamine M, Henmi C , Itota T, Torii Y, Marshall G, Staninec M, Yoshiyama M. . Morphological Changes of Enamel Surface adjacent to Restorations by Demineralization. Electronic J Dent 2000: Ref# EJ10253, 1-9. 2000.
    141. Devos S, Balooch M, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. Optical Spectroscopy study of Transparent Non-Carious Human Dentin and Dentin-Enamel Junction. J. D. Featherstone and P.Rechmann, D. Fried, Eds., SPIE 3910, 102-105. 2000.
    142. Marshall GW, Saeki K, Gansky SA, Marshall G. AFM study of citric acid-ferric chloride etching characteristics of dentin. Am J Dent. 1999 Dec; 12(6):271-6. PMID: 10850245.
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    143. Sumikawa DA, Marshall GW, Gee L, Marshall G. Microstructure of primary tooth dentin. Pediatr Dent. 1999 Nov-Dec; 21(7):439-44. PMID: 10633518.
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    144. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall G. A micromechanics model of the elastic properties of human dentine. Arch Oral Biol. 1999 Oct; 44(10):813-22. PMID: 10530914.
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    145. Rosales JI, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Watanabe LG, Toledano M, Cabrerizo MA, Osorio R. Acid-etching and hydration influence on dentin roughness and wettability. J Dent Res. 1999 Sep; 78(9):1554-9. PMID: 10512390.
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    146. JM Gomez-Vega, E Saiz, AP Tomsia, GW Marshall, SJ Marshall . Ceramic Transactions(USA) 110, 15-23. Glass-Hydroxyapatite coatings on titanium-based implants. 1999; 110(4):15-23.
    147. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. A Multilayer Approach to Fabricate Bioactive Glass Coatings on Ti Alloys. in Biomedical Materials-Drug Delivery, Implants and Tissue Engineering, Ed. T. Neenan, M. Marcolongo and R.F. Valentini, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 550: 349-354. 1999.
    148. Hosoya Y, Kamasaki Y, Horiuchi A, Nishiguchi M, Goto G, Marshall G . Evaluation of dentin preparation systems for resin adhesion. Pediatr Dent Journal 9: 9-18. 1999.
    149. Marshall GW, Wu-Magidi IC, Watanabe LG, Inai N, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Marshall G. Effect of citric acid concentration on dentin demineralization, dehydration, and rehydration: atomic force microscopy study. J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Dec 15; 42(4):500-7. PMID: 9827672.
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    150. Letzel H, Van't Hof MA, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Survival of amalgam restorations. J Dent Res. 1998 Aug; 77(8):1574-5. PMID: 9719029.
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    151. Balooch M, Wu-Magidi IC, Balazs A, Lundkvist AS, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Siekhaus WJ, Kinney JH. Viscoelastic properties of demineralized human dentin measured in water with atomic force microscope (AFM)-based indentation. J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Jun 15; 40(4):539-44. PMID: 9599029.
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    152. Inai N, Kanemura N, Tagami J, Watanabe LG, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Adhesion between collagen depleted dentin and dentin adhesives. Am J Dent. 1998 Jun; 11(3):123-7. PMID: 9823073.
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    153. Staninec M, Eakle WS, Silverstein S, Marshall G, Artiga N. Bonded amalgam sealants: two-year clinical results. J Am Dent Assoc. 1998 Mar; 129(3):323-9. PMID: 9529807.
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    154. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Breunig T, Kinney JH, Tomsia AT, Inai N, Watanabe LG, Wu-Magedi IC, Marshall G . Human Dentin and the Dentin-Resin Adhesive Interface. Acta Mater 46: 2529-2539. 1998.
    155. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall GW, Yee K, Fuller N, Gee L, Marshall G. Effects of Nd: and Ho:yttrium-aluminium-garnet lasers on human dentine fluid flow and dental pulp-chamber temperature in vitro. Arch Oral Biol. 1997 Dec; 42(12):845-54. PMID: 9460538.
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    156. Letzel H, van 't Hof MA, Marshall GW, Marshall G. The influence of the amalgam alloy on the survival of amalgam restorations: a secondary analysis of multiple controlled clinical trials. J Dent Res. 1997 Nov; 76(11):1787-98. PMID: 9372797.
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    157. Marshall GW, Marshall G, Kinney JH, Balooch M. The dentin substrate: structure and properties related to bonding. J Dent. 1997 Nov; 25(6):441-58. PMID: 9604576.
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    158. Marshall GW, Inai N, Wu-Magidi IC, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Tagami J, Marshall G. Dentin demineralization: effects of dentin depth, pH and different acids. Dent Mater. 1997 Nov; 13(6):338-43. PMID: 9823094.
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    159. Barkhordar RA, Watanabe LG, Marshall G, Hussain MZ. Removal of intracanal smear by doxycycline in vitro. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1997 Oct; 84(4):420-3. PMID: 9347508.
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    160. Ruzicková T, Staninec M, Marshall G, Hutton JE. Bond strengths of the adhesive resin-amalgam interface. Am J Dent. 1997 Aug; 10(4):192-4. PMID: 9590907.
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    161. Staninec M, Marshall G, Lowe A, Ruzickova T. Clinical research on bonded amalgam restorations. Part 2: Further studies and clinical technique. Gen Dent. 1997 Jul-Aug; 45(4):361-2. PMID: 9515443.
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    162. Staninec M, Marshall G, Lowe A, Ruzickova T. Clinical research on bonded amalgam restorations. Part 1: SEM study of in vivo bonded amalgam restorations. Gen Dent. 1997 Jul-Aug; 45(4):356-60, 362. PMID: 9515442.
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    163. Wu YH, Hutton JE, Marshall G. In vitro enamel demineralization and the marginal gap of simulated cast restorations with three different cements. J Prosthodont. 1997 Jun; 6(2):96-103. PMID: 9497752.
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    164. Strawn SE, White JM, Marshall GW, Gee L, Goodis HE, Marshall G. Spectroscopic changes in human dentine exposed to various storage solutions--short term. J Dent. 1996 Nov; 24(6):417-23. PMID: 8990687.
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    165. Kinney JH, Haupt DL, Balooch M, White JM, Bell WL, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The threshold effects of Nd and Ho: YAG laser-induced surface modification on demineralization of dentin surfaces. J Dent Res. 1996 Jun; 75(6):1388-95. PMID: 8831634.
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    166. Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Dentin shear strength: effects of tubule orientation and intratooth location. Dent Mater. 1996 Mar; 12(2):109-15. PMID: 9002852.
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    167. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Weihs TP. Atomic force microscope measurements of the hardness and elasticity of peritubular and intertubular human dentin. J Biomech Eng. 1996 Feb; 118(1):133-5. PMID: 8833085.
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    168. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Weihs TP. Hardness and Young's modulus of human peritubular and intertubular dentine. Arch Oral Biol. 1996 Jan; 41(1):9-13. PMID: 8833584.
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    169. Staninec M, Marshall G, Kawakami M, Lowe A. Bond strength, interfacial characterization, and fracture surface analysis for a new stress-breaking bonding agent. J Prosthet Dent. 1995 Nov; 74(5):469-75. PMID: 8809251.
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    170. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Marshall G. Atomic force microscopy of conditioning agents on dentin. J Biomed Mater Res. 1995 Nov; 29(11):1381-7. PMID: 8582906.
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    171. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Haupt DL, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Mineral distribution and dimensional changes in human dentin during demineralization. J Dent Res. 1995 May; 74(5):1179-84. PMID: 7790595.
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    172. Hutton JE, Marshall G. Expansion of phosphate-bonded investments: Part II--Thermal expansion. J Prosthet Dent. 1995 Feb; 73(2):126-31. PMID: 7722925.
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    173. Goodis H, White J, Yee B, Marshall S, Marshall G . Sterilization of Root Canal Spaces using an Nd:YAG Laser, In Vitro. Proc. SPIE 2394:154-159. 1995.
    174. White JM, Goodis HE, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Sterilization of teeth by gamma radiation. J Dent Res. 1994 Sep; 73(9):1560-7. PMID: 7929992.
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    175. Kinney JH, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Three-dimensional mapping of mineral densities in carious dentin: theory and method. Scanning Microsc. 1994; 8(2):197-204; discussion 204-5. PMID: 7701295.
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    176. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Bacterial reduction and dentin microhardness after treatment by a pulsed fiber optic delivered Nd:YAG laser. SPIE 2128:431-438. 1994.
    177. Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Kinney JH, Balooch M. Dental restorative material-tooth interfaces. Scripta Met et Mater 31:983-988. 1994.
    178. Kinney JH, Haupt DL, Nichols MC, Breunig TM, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. The X-Ray Tomographic Microscope: Three-Dimensional Perspectives of Evolving Microstructures. Nucl Instr and Meth in Phys Res A 347:480-486. 1994.
    179. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Atomic-force microscopic study of dimensional changes in human dentine during drying. Arch Oral Biol. 1993 Nov; 38(11):1003-7. PMID: 8297253.
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    180. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Scanning electron microscopic examination of intracanal wall dentin: hand versus laser treatment. Scanning Microsc. 1993 Sep; 7(3):979-87. PMID: 8146624.
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    181. Marshall G. Dentin: microstructure and characterization. Quintessence Int. 1993 Sep; 24(9):606-17. PMID: 8272499.
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    182. Hutton JE, Marshall G. The expansion of phosphate bonded investments: Part I--Setting expansion. J Prosthet Dent. 1993 Aug; 70(2):121-5. PMID: 8396643.
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    183. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Tench RJ, Kinney JH, Marshall G. Atomic force microscopy of acid effects on dentin. Dent Mater. 1993 Jul; 9(4):265-8. PMID: 7988759.
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    184. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Koshrovi P, Watanabe LG, Marshall G. The effect of glass ionomer liners in lowering pulp temperatures during composite placement, in vitro. Dent Mater. 1993 May; 9(3):146-50. PMID: 8056167.
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    185. White JM, Goodis HE, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Identification of the physical modification threshold of dentin induced by neodymium and holmium YAG lasers using scanning electron microscopy. Scanning Microsc. 1993 Mar; 7(1):239-45; discussion 245-6. PMID: 8316795.
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    186. Goodis HE, Marshall GW, White JM, Gee L, Hornberger B, Marshall G. Storage effects on dentin permeability and shear bond strengths. Dent Mater. 1993 Mar; 9(2):79-84. PMID: 8595846.
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    187. Marshall G . Dentin Characterization and Adhesive Considerations. Transactions of 2nd International Congress on Dental Materials,Eds.: T. Okabe and S. Takahashi, Academy of Dental Materials, 22-32. 1993.
    188. Shariati S, Pogrel MA, Marshall G, White JM. Structural changes in dentin induced by high energy, continuous wave carbon dioxide laser. Lasers Surg Med. 1993; 13(5):543-7. PMID: 8264325.
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    189. Pogrel MA, Muff DF, Marshall G. Structural changes in dental enamel induced by high energy continuous wave carbon dioxide laser. Lasers Surg Med. 1993; 13(1):89-96. PMID: 8426532.
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    190. Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Dental amalgam: the materials. Adv Dent Res. 1992 Sep; 6:94-9. PMID: 1292469.
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    191. Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Letzel H. Gamma-1 to beta-1 phase transformation in retrieved clinical amalgam restorations. Dent Mater. 1992 May; 8(3):162-6. PMID: 1521703.
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    192. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Moskowitz E. E. Root canal preparation in endodontics: conventional vs laser methods. Laser Surgery SPIE 1643:412-422. 1992.
    193. Cattaneo G, Wagnild G, Marshall G, Watanabe W. Comparison of solder joints by infrared and conventional torch technique J Prosth Dent 68: 33-37. 1992.
    194. Marshall G, McCoy DD, Kinney JH, Letzel H, Marshall SJ. Microstructural Changes in Retrieved Amalgam Restorations. Cells and Mater 2:29-36. 1992.
    195. Goodis HE, Marshall G, White JM. The effects of storage after extraction of the teeth on human dentine permeability in vitro. Arch Oral Biol. 1991; 36(8):561-6. PMID: 1781745.
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    196. Bagby M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Metal ceramic compatibility: a review of the literature. J Prosthet Dent. 1990 Jan; 63(1):21-5. PMID: 2404102.
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    197. Bagby M, Marshall SJ, Marshall G . Effects of Porcelain Application Procedures on Two Noble Alloys. J Appl Biomat 1:31-37. 1990.
    198. Marshall G, Staninec M, Torii Y, Marshall SJ. Comparison of backscattered scanning electron microscopy and microradiography of secondary caries. Scanning Microsc. 1989 Dec; 3(4):1043-49; discussion 1049-50. PMID: 2633330.
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    199. Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Letzel H. Mercury content of amalgam restorations. Gen Dent. 1989 Nov-Dec; 37(6):473-7. PMID: 2639841.
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    200. Letzel H, van 't Hof MA, Vrijhoef MM, Marshall G, Marshall SJ. A controlled clinical study of amalgam restorations: survival, failures, and causes of failure. Dent Mater. 1989 Mar; 5(2):115-21. PMID: 2606273.
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    201. Letzel H, Van't Hof MA, Vrijhoef MMA, Marshall G . Quality Evaluation of Dental Restorations. K. Anusavice, Ed., Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc. Failure, Survival and Reasons for Replacement of Amalgam Restorations. 1989; 83-92..
    202. Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Bayne SC. Restorative dental materials: scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis. Scanning Microsc. 1988 Dec; 2(4):2007-28. PMID: 3070734.
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    203. Bagby M, Marshall G . Adv in X-ray Analysis. Residual Stress in Two Dental Alloys During Porcelain Application. 1988; 31:255-260..
    204. Chern Lin JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Microstructures of high copper amalgams after corrosion in various solutions. Dent Mater. 1987 Aug; 3(4):176-81. PMID: 3481592.
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    205. Marshall GW, Marshall G, Letzel H, Vrijhoef MM. Microstructures of Cu-rich amalgam restorations with moderate clinical deterioration. Dent Mater. 1987 Jun; 3(3):135-43. PMID: 3481587.
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    206. Reynolds HM, Rechtien JJ, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Spinal curvature of young adult females. Hum Biol. 1986 Dec; 58(6):883-91. PMID: 3557414.
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    207. Bayne SC, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Zinc eugenolate crystals: SEM detection and characterization. Dent Mater. 1986 Feb; 2(1):1-5. PMID: 3458627.
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    208. Reynolds HM, Rechtien JJ, Marshall G . Spinal Curvature of Young Adult Females. Human Biol. 58:883-891. 1986.
    209. Bayne SC, Lemons JE, Craig RG, Duncanson M, Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Marker V, Keller JC and Korostoff E. Predoctoral Curriculum Guidelines for Biomaterials. J. Dent. Ed. 50:618-630. 1986.
    210. Marshall G . Dental Amalgams: Phase Relations. Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering Ed. M. B. Bever, Pergamon Press, Ltd., 1051-1056. 1986.
    211. Port RM, Marshall G. Characteristics of amalgam restorations with variable clinical appearance. J Am Dent Assoc. 1985 Apr; 110(4):491-5. PMID: 3858363.
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    212. Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Bayne SC, Greener EH. Dental Materials. The Academy of Dental Materials. 1985; 1:1-2.
    213. Keller JC, Marshall G, Kaminski EJ. An in vivo method for the biological evaluation of metal implants. J Biomed Mater Res. 1984 Sep; 18(7):829-44. PMID: 6544782.
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    214. Cannon ML, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Cooley RO. Surface resistance to abrasion of preformed laminate resin veneers. J Prosthet Dent. 1984 Sep; 52(3):323-30. PMID: 6592331.
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    215. Lin JH, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Corrosion product formation sequence on Cu-rich amalgams in various solutions. J Biomed Mater Res. 1983 Nov; 17(6):913-20. PMID: 6654929.
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    216. Lin JH, Marshall GW, Marshall G. Microstructures of Cu-rich amalgams after corrosion. J Dent Res. 1983 Feb; 62(2):112-5. PMID: 6571862.
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    217. Marshall SJ, Marshall G, Harcourt JK. The influence of various cavity bases on the micro-hardness of composites. Aust Dent J. 1982 Oct; 27(5):291-5. PMID: 6962692.
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    218. Marshall GW, Marshall G, Szurgot K, Greener EH. Properties of Ag-Cu-Pd dispersed phase amalgams: microstructures. J Dent Res. 1982 Jun; 61(6):802-4. PMID: 6953117.
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    219. Rouleau BD, Marshall G, Cooley RO. Enamel surface evaluations after clinical treatment and removal of orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod. 1982 May; 81(5):423-6. PMID: 6758600.
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    220. Marshall SJ, Lin JH, Marshall G. Cu2O and CuCl2 . 3Cu(OH)2 corrosion products on copper rich dental amalgams. J Biomed Mater Res. 1982 Jan; 16(1):81-5. PMID: 7056764.
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    221. Marshall G . Characteristics of the Reaction Zones of Some Cu-Rich Amalgams. Biomaterials 1980, Eds.: G. D. Winter, D. F. Gibbons and H. Plenk, Jr., Chapter 48, Adv. in Biomaterials 3. J. Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 335-340. 1982.
    222. Marshall G, Lipsey MR, Heuer MA, Kot C, Smarz R, Epstein M. An endodontic fiber endoscope for viewing instrumented root canals. J Endod. 1981 Feb; 7(2):85-8. PMID: 6938627.
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    223. Marshall GW, Marshall G. X-ray diffraction and SEM/EDS analyses of phases in new dental amalgams. J Oral Rehabil. 1981 Jan; 8(1):43-53. PMID: 6935393.
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    224. Johnson R, Marshall G . Three Private-Label Amalgam Alloys Compared with Name Brand in Physical Properties. Operative Dent. 6:133-137. 1981.
    225. Marshall G, Lipsey MR, Heuer MA, Kot C, Smarz R and Epstein M. An Endodontic Fiber Optic Endoscope for Viewing Instrumented Root Canals. J. Endod. 7:85-88. 1981.
    226. Keller JC, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall G, Meyer PR. Factors affecting surgical alloy/bone cement interface adhesion. J Biomed Mater Res. 1980 Sep; 14(5):639-51. PMID: 7349670.
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    227. Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Sn4(OH)6Cl2 and SnO corrosion products of amalgams. J Dent Res. 1980 May; 59(5):820-3. PMID: 6928872.
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    228. Greener EH, Marshall G. Academic focus: graduate study in biological materials at Northwestern University. J Biomed Mater Res. 1980 Mar; 14(2):155-60. PMID: 7358743.
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    229. Marshall GW, Jackson BL, Marshall G. Copper-rich and conventional amalgam restorations after clinical use. J Am Dent Assoc. 1980 Jan; 100(1):43-7. PMID: 6927885.
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    230. Marker BC, Marshall G. Characteristics and handling of Cu-rich amalgam. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1979 Oct; 10(10):125-32. PMID: 298774.
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    231. Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Time-dependent phase changes in Cu-rich amalgams. J Biomed Mater Res. 1979 May; 13(3):395-406. PMID: 438226.
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    232. Marker BC and Marshall GW. Characteristics and Handling of Cu-rich Amalgam. Quintessence Int., 10:125-132. 1979.
    233. Keller JC, Marshall G . Keller JC, Marshall GW and Lautenschlager EP: Morphological Identity of Porosity in Chemically Activated Acrylic Cements. Scanning Electron Microscopy/1979/I. Ed.: 0. Johari, SEM, Inc., AMF O'Hare, IL, 425-432. 1979.
    234. Marshall SJ, Marshall G. Copper rich amalgams: time dependent variations in phases. Proc Inst Med Chic. 1979 Jan-Mar; 32(5):103-4. PMID: 493275.
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    235. Bozalis WG, Marshall G, Cooley RO. Mechanical pretreatments and etching of primary-tooth enamel. ASDC J Dent Child. 1979 Jan-Feb; 46(1):43-9. PMID: 368090.
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    236. Moser JB, Marshall G, Green FP. Direct bonding of polycarbonate orthodontic brackets: an in vitro study. Am J Orthod. 1979 Jan; 75(1):78-85. PMID: 369381.
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    237. Marshall G, Marker VA, Bayne SC. Replication technique for monitoring intra-oral processes with the SEM. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1978 Aug; 9(8):75-7. PMID: 397522.
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    238. Burapavong V, Marshall G, Apfel DA, Perry HT. Enamel surface characteristics on removal of bonded orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod. 1978 Aug; 74(2):176-87. PMID: 356619.
      View in: PubMed
    239. Bozalis WG and Marshall GW. Acid Etching Patterns of Primary Enamel. 1978 Yearbook of Dentistry. Eds: M. Hale, S. Hazen, R. Moyers, D. F. Redig, H. Robinson and S. Silverman. Yearbook Med. Publishers, Inc., Chicago, IL, 100-101. 1978.
    240. Bayne SC, Pfaffenbach HE, Marshall G. SEM identification of zinc eugenolate crystals in postoperatively collected ZOE cements. J Dent Res. 1977 Oct; 56(10):1264. PMID: 272393.
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    241. Brose JA, Martinez CR, Cooley RO, Marshall G, Greener EH. In vitro microleakage of repaired fractured incisors. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1977 May; 8(5):73-5. PMID: 275914.
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    242. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall G, Heuer MA. Brittle and ductile torsional failures of endodontic instruments. J Endod. 1977 May; 3(5):175-8. PMID: 266026.
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    243. Marker BC, Marker VA, Marshall G, Greener EH. Some observations on the clinical handing of high Cu amalgam. CDS Rev. 1977 Feb; 70(2):30-3. PMID: 319916.
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    244. Bozalis WG, Marshall G. Acid etching patterns of primary enamel. J Dent Res. 1977 Feb; 56(2):185. PMID: 320240.
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    245. Brose JA, Martinez CR, Cooley R0, Marshall G . In Vitro Microleakage of Repaired Fractured Incisors. Quintessence, Int. 8:73-75. 1977.
    246. Marker BC, Marker VA, Marshall G . Some Observations on the Clinical Handling of High Cu Amalgam. CDS Review 70:30-33. 1977.
    247. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall G . Brittle and Ductile Torsional Failures of Endodontic Instruments. J. Endod. 3:175-178,. 1977.
    248. Marshall G, Marshall SJ and Greener EH. Scanning Electron Microscopy/1977. Vol. I, Ed. 0. Johari, IITRI, Chicago, IL, 129-136. 1977.
    249. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall G, Marks KE, Schwartz J, Nelson CL. Mechanical strength of acrylic bone cements impregnated with antibiotics. J Biomed Mater Res. 1976 Nov; 10(6):837-45. PMID: 993222.
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    250. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall G, Meyer PR. Mechanical properties of bone cements containing large doses of antibiotic powders. J Biomed Mater Res. 1976 Nov; 10(6):929-38. PMID: 993228.
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    251. Marshall G, Finkelstein GF, Marshall SJ, Greener EH. Microstructural changes of dental amalgam by copper additions. J Oral Rehabil. 1976 Oct; 3(4):359-70. PMID: 1068247.
      View in: PubMed
    252. Moser JB, Dowling DB, Greener EH, Marshall G. Adhesion of orthodontic cements to human enamel. J Dent Res. 1976 May-Jun; 55(3):411-8. PMID: 773994.
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    253. Brose J, Cooley R, Moser JB, Marshall G, Greener EH. In vitro strength of repaired fractured incisors. Ill Dent J. 1976 May; 45(5):273-7. PMID: 801818.
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    254. Brose J, Cooley R0, Moser JB, Marshall G . In Vitro Strength of Repaired Fractured Incisors. Ill. Dent. J. 45:273-277. 1976.
    255. Marshall G . Hot Stage TEM Investigations of Dislocation Climb in NiAl. Met. Trans. A 7A:1013-1020. 1976.
    256. Marshall G, Olson LM, Lee CV. SEM investigation of the variability of enamel surfaces after simulated clinical acid etching for pit and fissure sealants. J Dent Res. 1975 Nov-Dec; 54(6):1222-31. PMID: 1104676.
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    257. Sarkar NK, Marshall G, Moser JB, Greener EH. In vivo and in vitro corrosion products of dental amalgam. J Dent Res. 1975 Sep-Oct; 54(5):1031-8. PMID: 1058854.
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    258. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall G, Marshall SJ, Hutton JE, Greener EH. [Properties of a non-precious metal casting alloy]. Quintessenz. 1975 Sep; 26(9):131-3. PMID: 1071210.
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    259. Marshall G, Sarkar NK, Greener EH. Detection of oxygen in corrosion products of dental amalgam. J Dent Res. 1975 Jul-Aug; 54(4):904. PMID: 1057579.
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    260. Marshall G . Climb Sources in Beta Prime-NiAl. Met Trans. 6A:921-926. 1975.
    261. Moser JB, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall G. A new laboratory program for freshman dental materials. J Dent Educ. 1974 Dec; 38(12):683-6. PMID: 4530796.
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    262. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW, Marshall G, Hutton JE, Greener EH. Properties of a commercial non-precious casting alloy. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1974 Nov; 5(11):81-3. PMID: 4530352.
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    263. Moser JB, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP and Marshall GW: . A New Laboratory Program for Freshmen Dental Materials. J Dent Ed 38:683-686. 1974.
    264. Varonin VA, Stewart WD, Marshall G, Wagner JB, Macksey HM and Holonyak N: A . J. Electrochem. Soc. Scanning Electron Microscopy Study of In1-x GaxP. 1974; 121:1657-1661.
    265. Tisone TC, Marshall G, and Brittain J0. J. Appl. Phys. Prismatic Dislocations in Beta Prime-NiAl. 1968; 39:3714-3717.
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