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Jing Cheng, MD, MS, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Preventive & Restor Dent Sci
SchoolSchool of Dentistry
Address707 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-502-0129
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PAPh.D.05/2006Biostatistics
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NYM.S.05/2002Nutrition
    West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu, ChinaM.D.Preventive Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Statistical Association Section on Statistics in Epidemiology2018Chair-Elected 2019
    American Statistical Association Section on Statistics in Epidemiology2012Program Chair Elected
    University of Pennsylvania2007Saul Winegrad Award for Outstanding Dissertation
    International Biometric Society2005ENAR Distinguished Student Paper Award
    University of Pennsylvania2002GSK Scholarship Award
    Cornell University2002Richard Barnes Fellowship
    Cornell University2000Vincent Woo J.P. Fellowship
    Cornell University1999Marion Fish Cox Fellowship
    West China University of Medical Sciences1994University Outstanding Graduating Senior
    West China University of Medical Sciences1991  - 1993University Outstanding Student

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Cheng is a Professor in the UCSF Division of Oral Epidemiology & Dental Public Health and Division of Biostatistics. She is also the Director of Statistics and Informatics Core at Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, a member in the UCSF Center to Address Disparities in Children’s Oral Health (CAN DO), the Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, and the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI). Dr. Cheng is a well-known biostatistician and 2020 Chair of the American Statistical Association Section on Statistics in Epidemiology. Dr. Cheng is Associate Editor and on editorial board of several scientific journals, and has been invited to provide scientific review for 30 scientific journals, NIH/NIDCR special review panels, and NIH/CSR Clinical Oncology Study Section.

    Dr. Cheng earned her medical degree in China, M.S. in nutrition at Cornell University in 2002, and Ph.D. in biostatistics at the University of Pennsylvania in 2006. Before joining UCSF School of Dentistry in 2010, Dr. Cheng was an Assistant Professor in Biostatistics at the University of Florida’s College of Medicine.

    Dr. Cheng develops new statistical methods for complex problems in randomized trials and observational studies. Dr. Cheng is principal investigator (PI) of various projects, developing statistical methods to better understand the effects of a treatment or program on health outcomes in studies with challenging problems and the underlying mechanisms of the treatment via biomarkers, behaviors and social factors. Dr. Cheng's researches provide investigators evidence to understand the causal pathway/mechanism of the treatment and improve future programs by tailoring specific components of the treatment in specific populations.

    Dr. Cheng also works with investigators in various fields of health sciences, including dentistry and oral diseases, biomedicine, cancer, infectious diseases, pharmacogenomics, nursing, and public policy research, on study design, power analysis, randomization, statistical analysis, and the preparation of grant proposals and manuscripts.


    Dr. Cheng's specific research interests include causal inference (instrumental variables and propensity scores) with applications in clinical trials with complex issues, e.g., noncompliance, mediation through intermediate variables (biomarkers, attitude, knowledge, behaviors etc.), missing data, and outcomes only observed in “survivors” etc., and in observational studies with measured and unmeasured confounding, methods for genetic association studies, categorical data analysis, longitudinal data analysis, survey design and analysis, and nonparametric statistics.

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Semiparametric models and inference for the effect of a treatment when the outcome is nonnegative with clumping at zero. Biometrics. 2020 Sep 10. Cheng J, Small DS. PMID: 32909618.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Association Between Youth Smoking, Electronic Cigarette Use, and Coronavirus Disease 2019. J Adolesc Health. 2020 Aug 01. Gaiha SM, Cheng J, Halpern-Felsher B. PMID: 32798097.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Monetary incentives for improving smartphone-measured oral hygiene behaviors in young children: A randomized pilot trial. PLoS One. 2020; 15(7):e0236692. White JS, Ramos-Gomez F, Liu JX, Jue B, Finlayson TL, Garza JR, Crawford AH, Helman S, Santo W, Cheng J, Kahn JG, Gansky SA. PMID: 32730310.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Short-term outcomes of higher calorie refeeding in hospitalized patients with atypical anorexia nervosa: findings from the Study of Refeeding to Optimize iNpatient Gains (StRONG). JAMA Pediatrics, to appear. 2020. Garber AK, Cheng J, Accurso EC, Adams SH, Buckelew S, Kapphahn CJ, Kreiter A, Le Grange D, Machen VI, Moscicki A-B & Golden NH.
    5. Correction. Stat Med. 2020 May 22. Baiocchi M, Cheng J, Small D. PMID: 32441377.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Causal effects on a survival outcome in observational studies with unmeasured confounding: Application to the effect of PMRT on breast cancer patients. Observational Studies, to appear. 2020. Yang, F., Cheng, J., and Huo, D. (2020).
    7. Constructing matched groups in dental observational health disparity studies for causal effects. JDR Clinical & Translational Research. 2020; 5(1):82-91. Cheng J, Gregorich SE, Gansky SA, Fisher-Owens SA, Kottek AM, White JM, and Mertz EA. (2020).View Publication.
    8. Weight Loss and Illness Severity in Adolescents With Atypical Anorexia Nervosa. Pediatrics. 2019 12; 144(6). Garber AK, Cheng J, Accurso EC, Adams SH, Buckelew SM, Kapphahn CJ, Kreiter A, Le Grange D, Machen VI, Moscicki AB, Saffran K, Sy AF, Wilson L, Golden NH. PMID: 31694978.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Correction. Stat Med. 2019 Sep 10; 38(20):3960. Baiocchi M, Cheng J, Small DS. PMID: 31379022.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    10. Divergent Six Month Functional Recovery Trajectories and Predictors after Traumatic Brain Injury: Novel Insights from the Citicoline Brain Injury Treatment Trial Study. J Neurotrauma. 2019 09 01; 36(17):2521-2532. Gardner RC, Cheng J, Ferguson AR, Boylan R, Boscardin J, Zafonte RD, Manley GT. PMID: 30909795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    11. Caregivers' Knowledge of Sugar and Control Over Children's Sugar Consumption. Pediatr Dent. 2019 May 15; 41(3):191-199. Kim J, Zhan L, Le T, Cheng J. PMID: 31171070.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco Susceptibility, Initiation, and Progression Over Time Among Adolescents in a Rural Cohort. Subst Use Misuse. 2019; 54(7):1154-1166. Chaffee BW, Couch ET, Urata J, Gansky SA, Essex G, Cheng J. PMID: 30694094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Mediation analysis for count and zero-in?ated count data. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 2018; 27(9):2756-2774. Cheng, J., Cheng, N.F., Guo, Z., Gregorich, S., Ismail, A.I., Gansky, S.A.
    14. Cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Perception Differences of Rural Male Youth. Tob Regul Sci. 2018 Jul; 4(4):73-90. Chaffee BW, Cheng J. PMID: 30128332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    15. Tobacco product initiation is correlated with cross-product changes in tobacco harm perception and susceptibility: Longitudinal analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health youth cohort. Prev Med. 2018 09; 114:72-78. Chaffee BW, Cheng J. PMID: 29913179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Understanding distributional and subgroup causal e?ects with the instrumental propensity score. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2018; 87(3):614-622.. Cheng J. and Lin W. (2018).. View Publication.
    17. Causal mediation analysis with multiple causally non-ordered mediators. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 2018; 27(1):3-19. Taguri, M., Featherstone, J. and Cheng, J. (2018).
    18. Mediation analysis for count and zero-inflated count data without sequential ignorability and its application in dental studies. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C. 2018; 67(2):371-394. Guo, Z., Small, D.S., Gansky, S.A., Cheng, J.
    19. Evidence that malaria parasitemia plays a pathogenic role in retinopathy-negative cerebral malaria: A natural experiment. eLife. 2017; 6:e23699, DOI:10.7554/eLife.2369.
    20. Dental student clinical experience across three curricula at one institution. Journal of Dental Education. 2017; 81:366-377.
    21. A Cluster-Randomized, Community-Based, Tribally-Delivered Oral Health Promotion Trial in Navajo Head Start Children. Journal of Dental Research. 2016; 95:1237-1244.
    22. Caries Risk Assessment Item Importance: Risk Designation and Caries Status in Children under Age 6. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2016 Jul; 1(2):131-142. Chaffee BW, Featherstone JD, Gansky SA, Cheng J, Zhan L. PMID: 27403458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    23. Non-operative anti-caries agents and dental caries increment among adults at high caries risk: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Oral Health. 2015; 15. Chaffee BW, Cheng J, Featherstone JD. (2015).View Publication.
    24. Baseline caries risk assessment as a predictor of caries incidence. J Dent. 2015 May; 43(5):518-24. Chaffee BW, Cheng J, Featherstone JD. PMID: 25731155.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Understanding treatment effect mechanisms of the CAMBRA randomized trial in reducing caries increment. Journal of Dental Research. 2015; 94(1):44-51. Cheng J, Chaffee BW, Cheng NF, Gansky SA, Featherstone JD. (2015).
    26. Assessing fit at the implant-abutment junction with a radiographic device that does not require access to the implant body. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2014; 112(4):817-823. Lin KC, Wadhwani CPK, Cheng J, Sharma A, Finzen F. (2014).
    27. Using an instrumental variable to test for unmeasured confounding. Statistics in Medicine . 2014; 33(20):3528-3546. Guo Z., Cheng J., Lorch S.A., and Small D.S. (2014).
    28. Tutorial in biostatistics: instrumental variable methods for causal inference. Statistics in Medicine. 2014; 33(13):2297-2340. Baiocchi M., Cheng J. and Small D.S. (2014)..
    29. Case definition and design sensitivity. Journal of the American Statistical Association,. 2013; 108:1457-1468. Small, D., Cheng, J., Halloran, M.E., Rosenbaum, P. (2013).
    30. The alternative lengthening of telomere phenotype is significantly associated with loss of ATRX expression in high-grade pediatric and adult astrocytomas: A multi-institutional study of 214 astrocytomas. Modern Pathology,. 2013; 26:1425-1432. Abedalthagafi, M., Phillips, J., Kim, G., Marshall, R., Croul, S., Santi, M., Cheng, J., Zhou, S., Sullivan, L., Martinez-Lage, M., Judkins, A.R., and Perry, A. (2013).
    31. Honoring deceased donors with a unique family-designed statement followed by a moment of silence: effect on donation outcomes. Progress in Transplantation. 2013; 23(2):188-193. Neidlinger, N., Gleason, B., and Cheng, J. (2013).
    32. Oral health education for pediatric nurse practitioner students. J Dent Educ. 2013 May; 77(5):581-90. Golinveaux J, Gerbert B, Cheng J, Duderstadt K, Alkon A, Mullen S, Lin B, Miller A, Zhan L. PMID: 23658403.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Impact of genetic polymorphisms of SLC2A2, SLC2A5, and KHK on metabolic phenotypes in hypertensive individuals. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e52062. Le MT, Lobmeyer MT, Campbell M, Cheng J, Wang Z, Turner ST, Chapman AB, Boerwinkle E, Gums JG, Gong Y, Johnson RJ, Johnson JA. PMID: 23341889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Effect of xylitol on cariogenic bacteria and caries in young children. Journal of Dental Research 91: S85-S90. 2012. Zhan, L., Cheng, J., Chang, P., Ngo, M., DenBesten, P.K., Hoover, C.I., and Featherstone, J.D.B. (2012).
    35. Functional remineralization of dentin lesions using polymer-induced liquid-prcursor process. Plos One 7: e38852. 2012. Burwell A.K., Thula-Mata T., Gower L.B., Habeliz S., Kurylo M., Ho S.P., Chien Y., Cheng J., Cheng N.F., Gansky S.A., Marshall S.J., and Marshall G.W. (2012).
    36. Diet type and changes in food cravings following weight loss: findings from the POUNDS LOST Trial. Eating and Weighting Disorders. 2012; (17):e101-e108. Anton SD, Gallagher J, Carey VJ, Laranjo N, Cheng J, Champagne CM, Ryan DH, McManus K, Loria CM, Bray GA, Sacks FM, Williamson DA. (2012).
    37. Functional remineralization of dentin lesions using polymer-induced liquid-precursor process. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38852. Burwell AK, Thula-Mata T, Gower LB, Habelitz S, Habeliz S, Kurylo M, Ho SP, Chien YC, Cheng J, Cheng NF, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. PMID: 22719965.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Effects of high fructose corn syrup and sucrose on the pharmacokinetics of fructose and acute metabolic and hemodynamic responses in healthy subjects. Metabolism, 61(5):641-651. 2012. Le, M.T., Frye, R.F., Rivard, C.J., Cheng, J., McFann, K.K., Segal, M.S., Johnson, R.J., and Johnson, J.A. (2012).
    39. Discomfort and exertion associated with prolonged wear of respiratory protection in a health care setting. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 2012; 9(1):59-64. Shenal, B.V., Radonovich, L.J., Cheng, J., Hodgson, M., and Bender, B.S. (2012).
    40. Inference for the effect of treatment on survival probability in randomized trials with noncompliance and administrative censoring. Biometrics. 2011; 67(4):1397-1405. Nie H, Cheng J, Small D. (2011).View Publication.
    41. Sleep medicine clinical and surgical training during otolaryngology residency: A national survey of otolaryngology residency programs. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2011; 145(6):1043-1048. Shen, T., Shimahara, E., Cheng, J., and Capasso, R.
    42. Effects of a weight loss plus exercise program on physical function in overweight, older women: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Interv Aging. 2011; 6:141-9. Anton SD, Manini TM, Milsom VA, Dubyak P, Cesari M, Cheng J, Daniels MJ, Marsiske M, Pahor M, Leeuwenburgh C, Perri MG. PMID: 21753869.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Response to Reader's Reaction: Discussion on various estimators for causal effect in randomized trials with noncompliance. Biometrics. 2011. Cheng, J. (2011).
    44. Salivary bacterial risk markers of subsequent early childhood caries. IADR/AADR/CADR 89th General Session and Exhibition. 2011. Ramos-Gomez FJ, Cheng J, Gansky SA, Santo W, Hoover CI, Featherstone JDB, Weintraub JA.View Publication.
    45. Leg extension is an important predictor of paretic leg propulsion in hemiparetic walking. Gait Posture. 2010; 32:451-456. Peterson, C.L., Cheng, J., Kautz, S.A., and Neptune, R.R.
    46. Real longitudinal data analysis for real people: Building a good enough mixed model. Statistics in Medicine. 2010; 29:504-520. Cheng, J., Edwards, L.J., Maldonado-Molina, M.M., Komro, K., and Muller, K.
    47. The effects of the HIPAA privacy rule on influenza research using geographic information system (GIS). Geospatial Health. 2010; 5:3-9. Tellman N., Litt E.R., Knapp C., Eagan A., Cheng, J., Radonovich L.M. (2010).
    48. Elementary My Dear Dr. Allen: The case of barium toxicity and Pa Ping. Neurology. 2010; 74:1546-1549. Bowen, L.N., Subramony, S.H., Cheng, J., Wu, S., and Okun, M.S. (2010).
    49. Diminished speech intelligibility associated with respirators worn by healthcare workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 2010; 7:63-70. Radonovich, L., Robert, Y., Cheng, J., Bradley B. (2010).
    50. Design and statistical analyses of oral medicine studies: common pitfalls. Oral Diseases. 2010; 16:233-241. Baccaglini, L., Shuster, J.J., Cheng, J., Theriaque, D.W., Schoenbach, V.J., Tomar, S., and Poole, C. (2010).
    51. Evaluating the efficacy of a malaria vaccine. The International Journal of Biostatistics. 2010; 6(2):Article 4. Small, D., Cheng, J., Ten Have, T.R.View Publication.
    52. Right and left dorsolateral prefrontal rTMS treatment of refractory depression: a randomized, sham-controlled trial. Psychiatry Research. 2010; 178:467-474. Triggs W.J., Ricciuti, N., Ward, H.E., Cheng, J., Bowers, D., Goodman, W.K., Kluger, B.M., and Nadeau, S.E. (2010).
    53. Estimation of treatment effects in crossover clinical trials with noncompliance. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2010; 6(1):18-25. Soltanian, A.R., Faghihzadeh, S., Gerami, A., Mehdibarzi, D., and Cheng, J. (2010).
    54. Semiparametric estimation and inference for distributional and general treatment effects. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology). 2009; 71:881-904. Cheng, J., Qin, J., and Zhang, B.View Publication.
    55. Estimation and inference for the causal effect of receiving treatment on a multinomial outcome. Biometrics. 2009; 65:96-103. Cheng, J.View Publication.
    56. Respirator tolerability in healthcare workers. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2009; 301:36-38. Radonovich, L.J., Cheng, J., Shenal, B.V., Yanke, R., Hodgson, M., and Bender, B.S.
    57. Efficient nonparametric estimation of causal effects in randomized trials with noncompliance. Biometrika. 2009; 96:19-36. Cheng, J., Small, D., Tan, Z., and Ten Have, T.View Publication.
    58. Discussion of ``Identifiability and Estimation of Causal Effects in Randomized Trials with Noncompliance and Completely Non-ignorable Missing Data.''. Biometrics. 2009; 65:682-686. Small, D., and Cheng, J.View Publication.
    59. Assessment of marhame-mafasel pomade effect on knee osteoarthritis with non-compliance. Journal of Research in Health Sciences. 2009; 9:19-24. Soltanian, A.R., Faghihzadeh, S., Mehdibarzi, D., Gerami, A., Nasery, M., and Cheng, J. (2009).
    60. Sleep pattern differences between older adult caregivers and older adult noncaregivers using objective and subjective measures. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2008; 4:362-369. Rowe, M., Campbell, J., McCrae, C., Pe Benito, A., and Cheng, J. (2008).
    61. Actigraphy in older adults: comparison of means and variability of three different aggregates of measurement. Behavioral Sleep Medicine. 2008; 6:127-145. Rowe, M., McCrae, C., Campbell, J., Horne, C., Tiegs, T., Lehman, B., and Cheng, J. (2008).
    62. Numerical skills and asthma outcomes. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2007; 119(1):DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.11.52. Apter, A., Cheng, J., Small, D., Bennett, I.M., Albert, C., Fein, D.G., George, M., and Van Horne, M. (2007).
    63. Bounds on causal effects in three-arm trials with noncompliance. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology). 2006; 68:815-836. Cheng, J. and Small, D. (2006).View Publication.
    64. Random effects logistic models for analyzing efficacy of a longitudinal randomized treatment with non-adherence. Statistics in Medicine. 2006; 25:1981-2007. Small, D., Ten Have, T., Joffe, M. and Cheng, J. (2006).View Publication.
    65. Asthma numeracy skill and health literacy. Journal of Asthma. 2006; 43:705-710. Apter, A., Cheng, J., Small, D., Albert, C., Fein, D., Bennett, I., George, M., Van Horne, M. and Chang, D. (2006).
    66. The principles and methods to establish the diagnosis criteria of primary osteoporosis. Chinese Journal of Osteoporosis. 1999; 5:36-40. Yang, D., Cheng, J. and An, Z. (1999).
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