Galateia Kazakia, PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
Address185 Berry Street Bldg B
San Francisco CA 94158
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral StudiesGraduate Division
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    National Institutes of Health2009Mentored Career Development Award
    Musculoskeletal Quantitative Imaging Research Group2006Excellence in Research Award
    International Sun Valley Workshop of Skeletal Biology2006Young Investigator Award
    National Science Foundation1999Graduate Research Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Galateia J. Kazakia, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Residence and Director of Bone Quality Research Laboratory in the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging at the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Kazakia serves as the Faculty Director of the Quantitative Micro-Imaging Core and Co-Director of the UCSF Core Center for Musculoskeletal Biology and Medicine (CCMBM P30) Imaging Core. Dr. Kazakia received her BS in Mechanical Engineering from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York in 1995. She completed her PhD in Mechanical Engineering (with an emphasis on Bone Biomechanics) from the University of California, Berkeley in 2004. Dr. Kazakia was awarded an NIH F32 postdoctoral fellowship to develop bone imaging techniques, performing this work in the Musculoskeletal Quantitative Imaging Research group at UCSF. Dr. Kazakia joined the UCSF Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging as an Assistant Professor in Residence in 2009.

    Dr. Kazakia’s research is focused on the assessment of bone quality using both in vivo and ex vivo imaging tools, spanning the hierarchical levels of bone structure and composition. Through her research she aims to characterize changes occurring in the skeleton in response to aging and disease, to discover biological mechanisms of these changes, and to understand the impact skeletal changes have on bone strength and fracture risk.

    Dr. Kazakia is an active member of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Orthopaedic Research Society. Dr. Kazakia serves as a reviewer for >10 scientific journals, and she has published numerous peer-reviewed articles and conference abstracts.

    Musculoskeletal Radiology

    Musculoskeletal imaging, musculoskeletal diseases, CT, MRI, HR-pQCT, microCT, FTIR

    Professional Interests:
    Mineralization, bone quality, bone architecture, bone micro-damage, biomechanics, mechanical properties, fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, high-resolution computed tomography (CT), fluorescence imaging

    Education and Training:
    • Bachelor of Science: Cornell University, Ithaca, New York - Mechanical Engineering
    • Masters of Science: University of California, Berkeley - Mechanical Engineering
    • Doctor of Philosophy: University of California, Berkeley - Mechanical Engineering

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Progression and etiology of cortical porosity in diabetic bone disease
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR069670Mar 1, 2017 - Feb 28, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bone quality and marrow adiposity in subjects with HIV
    NIH/NIAID R01AI125080Dec 15, 2016 - Nov 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Visualizing Cortical Pore Space Constituents
    NIH/NIAMS R03AR064004Jul 16, 2013 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    In vivo imaging of cortical porosity in the peripheral skeleton
    NIH/NIAMS K01AR056734Feb 1, 2009 - Nov 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CT &FTIR Assessment of Bone Struture and Composition
    NIH/NIAMS F32AR053446Mar 1, 2006 - Feb 28, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Bucknor MD, Goel H, Pasco C, Horvai AE, Kazakia GJ. Bone remodeling following MR-guided focused ultrasound: Evaluation with HR-pQCT and FTIR. Bone. 2018 Nov 16. PMID: 30453088.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Berg-Johansen B, Han M, Fields AJ, Liebenberg EC, Lim BJ, Larson PE, Gunduz-Demir C, Kazakia GJ, Krug R, Lotz JC. Cartilage Endplate Thickness Variation Measured by Ultrashort Echo-Time MRI Is Associated With Adjacent Disc Degeneration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 May 15; 43(10):E592-E600. PMID: 28984733.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Sundh D, Nilsson M, Zoulakis M, Pasco C, Yilmaz M, Kazakia GJ, Hellgren M, Lorentzon M. High Impact Mechanical Loading Increases Bone Material Strength in Postmenopausal Women - a 3-Month Intervention Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Mar 26. PMID: 29578618.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kazakia GJ, Carballido-Gamio J, Lai A, Nardo L, Facchetti L, Pasco C, Zhang CA, Han M, Parrott AH, Tien P, Krug R. Trabecular bone microstructure is impaired in the proximal femur of human immunodeficiency virus-infected men with normal bone mineral density. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2018 Feb; 8(1):5-13. PMID: 29541618.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Schafer AL, Kazakia GJ, Vittinghoff E, Stewart L, Rogers SJ, Kim TY, Carter JT, Posselt AM, Pasco C, Shoback DM, Black DM. Effects of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Bone Mass and Microarchitecture Occur Early and Particularly Impact Postmenopausal Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Dec 27. PMID: 29281126.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ford AC, Chui WF, Zeng AY, Nandy A, Liebenberg E, Carraro C, Kazakia G, Alliston T, O'Connell GD. A modular approach to creating large engineered cartilage surfaces. J Biomech. 2018 Jan 23; 67:177-183. PMID: 29273221.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Millard SM, Wang L, Wattanachanya L, O'Carroll D, Fields AJ, Pang J, Kazakia G, Lotz JC, Nissenson RA. Role of Osteoblast Gi Signaling in Age-Related Bone Loss in Female Mice. Endocrinology. 2017 06 01; 158(6):1715-1726. PMID: 28407060.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Carballido-Gamio J, Bonaretti S, Kazakia GJ, Khosla S, Majumdar S, Lang TF, Burghardt AJ. Statistical Parametric Mapping of HR-pQCT Images: A Tool for Population-Based Local Comparisons of Micro-Scale Bone Features. Ann Biomed Eng. 2017 04; 45(4):949-962. PMID: 27830488.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Heilmeier U, Cheng K, Pasco C, Parrish R, Nirody J, Patsch JM, Zhang CA, Joseph GB, Burghardt AJ, Schwartz AV, Link TM, Kazakia G. Cortical bone laminar analysis reveals increased midcortical and periosteal porosity in type 2 diabetic postmenopausal women with history of fragility fractures compared to fracture-free diabetics. Osteoporos Int. 2016 Sep; 27(9):2791-2802. PMID: 27154435.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Gibbons RS, Beaupre GS, Kazakia GJ. FES-rowing attenuates bone loss following spinal cord injury as assessed by HR-pQCT. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 2016; 2:15041. PMID: 28053743.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Mohan G, Magnitsky S, Melkus G, Subburaj K, Kazakia G, Burghardt AJ, Dang A, Lane NE, Majumdar S. Kartogenin treatment prevented joint degeneration in a rodent model of osteoarthritis: A pilot study. J Orthop Res. 2016 10; 34(10):1780-1789. PMID: 26895619.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Wang J, Kazakia GJ, Zhou B, Shi XT, Guo XE. Distinct Tissue Mineral Density in Plate- and Rod-like Trabeculae of Human Trabecular Bone. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Sep; 30(9):1641-50. PMID: 25736715; PMCID: PMC4540699.
    13. Nirody JA, Cheng KP, Parrish RM, Burghardt AJ, Majumdar S, Link TM, Kazakia GJ. Spatial distribution of intracortical porosity varies across age and sex. Bone. 2015 Jun; 75:88-95. PMID: 25701139; PMCID: PMC4454740.
    14. Kaynia N, Soohoo E, Keaveny TM, Kazakia GJ. Effect of intraspecimen spatial variation in tissue mineral density on the apparent stiffness of trabecular bone. J Biomech Eng. 2015 Jan; 137(1). PMID: 25412197; PMCID: PMC4290509.
    15. Gee CS, Nguyen JT, Marquez CJ, Heunis J, Lai A, Wyatt C, Han M, Kazakia G, Burghardt AJ, Karampinos DC, Carballido-Gamio J, Krug R. Validation of bone marrow fat quantification in the presence of trabecular bone using MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Aug; 42(2):539-44. PMID: 25425074.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Carriero A, Zimmermann EA, Paluszny A, Tang SY, Bale H, Busse B, Alliston T, Kazakia G, Ritchie RO, Shefelbine SJ. How tough is brittle bone? Investigating osteogenesis imperfecta in mouse bone. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Jun; 29(6):1392-1401. PMID: 24420672; PMCID: PMC4477967.
    17. Kazakia GJ, Tjong W, Nirody JA, Burghardt AJ, Carballido-Gamio J, Patsch JM, Link T, Feeley BT, Ma CB. The influence of disuse on bone microstructure and mechanics assessed by HR-pQCT. Bone. 2014 Jun; 63:132-40. PMID: 24603002; PMCID: PMC4041600.
    18. Hesse B, Langer M, Varga P, Pacureanu A, Dong P, Schrof S, Männicke N, Suhonen H, Olivier C, Maurer P, Kazakia GJ, Raum K, Peyrin F. Alterations of mass density and 3D osteocyte lacunar properties in bisphosphonate-related osteonecrotic human jaw bone, a synchrotron µCT study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e88481. PMID: 24586331; PMCID: PMC3931622.
    19. Tjong W, Nirody J, Burghardt AJ, Carballido-Gamio J, Kazakia GJ. Structural analysis of cortical porosity applied to HR-pQCT data. Med Phys. 2014 Jan; 41(1):013701. PMID: 24387533; PMCID: PMC3895089.
    20. Burghardt AJ, Pialat JB, Kazakia GJ, Boutroy S, Engelke K, Patsch JM, Valentinitsch A, Liu D, Szabo E, Bogado CE, Zanchetta MB, McKay HA, Shane E, Boyd SK, Bouxsein ML, Chapurlat R, Khosla S, Majumdar S. Multicenter precision of cortical and trabecular bone quality measures assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Mar; 28(3):524-36. PMID: 23074145; PMCID: PMC3577969.
    21. Kazakia GJ, Nirody JA, Bernstein G, Sode M, Burghardt AJ, Majumdar S. Age- and gender-related differences in cortical geometry and microstructure: Improved sensitivity by regional analysis. Bone. 2013 Feb; 52(2):623-31. PMID: 23142360; PMCID: PMC3564644.
    22. Lu C, Saless N, Wang X, Sinha A, Decker S, Kazakia G, Hou H, Williams B, Swartz HM, Hunt TK, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. The role of oxygen during fracture healing. Bone. 2013 Jan; 52(1):220-9. PMID: 23063782; PMCID: PMC4827706.
    23. Kazakia GJ, Kuo D, Schooler J, Siddiqui S, Shanbhag S, Bernstein G, Horvai A, Majumdar S, Ries M, Li X. Bone and cartilage demonstrate changes localized to bone marrow edema-like lesions within osteoarthritic knees. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2013 Jan; 21(1):94-101. PMID: 23025926.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Tjong W, Kazakia GJ, Burghardt AJ, Majumdar S. The effect of voxel size on high-resolution peripheral computed tomography measurements of trabecular and cortical bone microstructure. Med Phys. 2012 Apr; 39(4):1893-903. PMID: 22482611; PMCID: PMC3316694.
    25. Patsch JM, Burghardt AJ, Kazakia G, Majumdar S. Noninvasive imaging of bone microarchitecture. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Dec; 1240:77-87. PMID: 22172043; PMCID: PMC4461066.
    26. Kazakia GJ, Speer D, Shanbhag S, Majumdar S, Conklin BR, Nissenson RA, Hsiao EC. Mineral composition is altered by osteoblast expression of an engineered G(s)-coupled receptor. Calcif Tissue Int. 2011 Jul; 89(1):10-20. PMID: 21526395; PMCID: PMC3110278.
    27. Kazakia GJ, Burghardt AJ, Link TM, Majumdar S. Variations in morphological and biomechanical indices at the distal radius in subjects with identical BMD. J Biomech. 2011 Jan 11; 44(2):257-66. PMID: 21071031; PMCID: PMC3019283.
    28. Folkesson J, Goldenstein J, Carballido-Gamio J, Kazakia G, Burghardt AJ, Rodriguez A, Krug R, de Papp AE, Link TM, Majumdar S. Longitudinal evaluation of the effects of alendronate on MRI bone microarchitecture in postmenopausal osteopenic women. Bone. 2011 Mar 01; 48(3):611-21. PMID: 21059422; PMCID: PMC4461063.
    29. Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Sode M, de Papp AE, Link TM, Majumdar S. A longitudinal HR-pQCT study of alendronate treatment in postmenopausal women with low bone density: Relations among density, cortical and trabecular microarchitecture, biomechanics, and bone turnover. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Dec; 25(12):2558-71. PMID: 20564242; PMCID: PMC3179276.
    30. Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Ramachandran S, Link TM, Majumdar S. Age- and gender-related differences in the geometric properties and biomechanical significance of intracortical porosity in the distal radius and tibia. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 May; 25(5):983-93. PMID: 19888900; PMCID: PMC3153365.
    31. Sode M, Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Link TM, Majumdar S. Regional variations of gender-specific and age-related differences in trabecular bone structure of the distal radius and tibia. Bone. 2010 Jun; 46(6):1652-60. PMID: 20188877; PMCID: PMC2875319.
    32. Goldenstein J, Kazakia G, Majumdar S. In vivo evaluation of the presence of bone marrow in cortical porosity in postmenopausal osteopenic women. Ann Biomed Eng. 2010 Feb; 38(2):235-46. PMID: 19953321; PMCID: PMC2815796.
    33. Issever AS, Link TM, Kentenich M, Rogalla P, Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Majumdar S, Diederichs G. Assessment of trabecular bone structure using MDCT: comparison of 64- and 320-slice CT using HR-pQCT as the reference standard. Eur Radiol. 2010 Feb; 20(2):458-68. PMID: 19711081; PMCID: PMC2814042.
    34. Sekhon K, Kazakia GJ, Burghardt AJ, Hermannsson B, Majumdar S. Accuracy of volumetric bone mineral density measurement in high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Bone. 2009 Sep; 45(3):473-9. PMID: 19501201; PMCID: PMC4454742.
    35. Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Link TM, Majumdar S. Automated simulation of areal bone mineral density assessment in the distal radius from high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Osteoporos Int. 2009 Dec; 20(12):2017-24. PMID: 19330422.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Laib A, Majumdar S. Quantitative assessment of bone tissue mineralization with polychromatic micro-computed tomography. Calcif Tissue Int. 2008 Aug; 83(2):129-38. PMID: 18685797; PMCID: PMC2801565.
    37. Kazakia GJ, Burghardt AJ, Cheung S, Majumdar S. Assessment of bone tissue mineralization by conventional x-ray microcomputed tomography: comparison with synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and ash measurements. Med Phys. 2008 Jul; 35(7):3170-9. PMID: 18697542; PMCID: PMC2673562.
    38. Kazakia GJ, Hyun B, Burghardt AJ, Krug R, Newitt DC, de Papp AE, Link TM, Majumdar S. In vivo determination of bone structure in postmenopausal women: a comparison of HR-pQCT and high-field MR imaging. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Apr; 23(4):463-74. PMID: 18052756.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Burghardt AJ, Kazakia G, Hyun BH, Jobke B, Banerjee S, Huber M, Link TM, Majumdar S. Assessment of trabecular bone structure comparing magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla with high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography ex vivo and in vivo. Osteoporos Int. 2008 May; 19(5):653-61. PMID: 17992467.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Bigley RF, Singh M, Hernandez CJ, Kazakia GJ, Martin RB, Keaveny TM. Validity of serial milling-based imaging system for microdamage quantification. Bone. 2008 Jan; 42(1):212-5. PMID: 17951125.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Majumdar S. A local adaptive threshold strategy for high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography of trabecular bone. Ann Biomed Eng. 2007 Oct; 35(10):1678-86. PMID: 17602299.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Kazakia GJ, Lee JJ, Singh M, Bigley RF, Martin RB, Keaveny TM. Automated high-resolution three-dimensional fluorescence imaging of large biological specimens. J Microsc. 2007 Feb; 225(Pt 2):109-17. PMID: 17359245.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Kazakia GJ, Nauman EA, Ebenstein DM, Halloran BP, Keaveny TM. Effects of in vitro bone formation on the mechanical properties of a trabeculated hydroxyapatite bone substitute. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2006 Jun 15; 77(4):688-99. PMID: 16514602.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kazakia GJ, Majumdar S. New imaging technologies in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2006 Jun; 7(1-2):67-74. PMID: 17043763.
      View in: PubMed
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