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Morton Cowan, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentPediatrics
Address555 Mission Bay Blvd South
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-2188
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San Francisco Fellowship1979Immunology/Allergy/Rheumatology
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency 1977Pediatrics
    Duke UniversityResidency1972Surgery
    University of PennsylvaniaM.D.1970School of Medicine
    Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyB.S.1966

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Current Non-NIH Awards:
    TR3-05535 Cowan (PI) 11/01/2012-10/31/2015
    California Institute of Regenerative Medicine vGene Correction of Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Artemis Deficient SCID
    Goal is to complete the preclinical testing necessary for a clinical gene therapy trial in children with Artemis-SCID. The focus is on optimizing non-chemotherapy approaches to opening marrow niches, studying potential genotoxicity, and demonstrating that gene transduced Artemis deficient hematopoietic stem cells mature in vitro and in vivo into T and B cells.
    Role: PI

    DR2A-05365 Shizuru (PI) 07/01/2013-06/30/2017
    California Institute of Regenerative Medicine vA monoclonal antibody that depletes blood stem cells and enables chemotherapy free transplants
    Goal is to bring to a clinical trial a monoclonal antibody that targets hematopoietic stem cells. The antibody will be evaluated in a non-human primate model followed by a prospective phase I/II clinical trial in children with SCID.
    Role: Co-PI

    Overview:
    I am a pediatric immunologist, Professor of Pediatrics and Chief, Allergy Immunology and BMT Division at UCSF. I led the planning for what ultimately became the Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC), an NIH-funded group of 43 centers in the US and Canada focused on PID in which I am the PI and UCSF is the lead institution since 2009. I am on the Steering and Executive Committees of the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium (PBMTC) and established and led for three years the Pediatric Special Interest Group within the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. My career has focused on children with PID, with over 180 peer-reviewed publications. My major research interests include SCID in Athabascan-speaking Native Americans (SCIDA), gene therapy for children with Artemis-deficient SCID, non-chemotherapy approaches to opening marrow niches, and the use of haploidentical donors and reduced-toxicity transplantation for childhood diseases. I performed one of the initial haplocompatible T cell depleted marrow transplants for SCID in North America in 1982 and reported one of the first in utero transplants in the world, the first patient with multiple biotin-dependent carboxylase deficiencies and immune deficiency, and the first children with HIV infection. I have treated the largest cohort of children with SCIDA and the largest number of babies diagnosed through newborn screening with SCID in North America, mapped the genetic locus of the gene for SCIDA and radiation sensitive SCID (RS-SCID), and identified the mutation in DCLRE1C responsible for SCIDA in Navajo and Apache children. I designed and completed one of the few prospective single institution trials of haplocompatible HCT for children with SCID and initiated and completed the first large study of children with SCID transplanted in North America and reported by the PIDTC.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium Annual Scientific Meeting
    NIH/NIAID R13AI094943Mar 2, 2011 - Feb 29, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium
    NIH/NIAID U54AI082973Sep 12, 2009 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Tolerance post in utero transplantation
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL058842Jan 1, 1998 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GENE LINKAGE STUDY OF IMMUNODEFICIENCY IN NAVAJO INDIANS
    NIH/NIAID R01AI028339Sep 30, 1993 - Jun 30, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    INDUCTION OF TOLERANCE IN MARROW TRANSPLANTATION
    NIH/NIAID P01AI029512Aug 1, 1990 - Jul 31, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HIV INFECTION IN CHILDREN OF IV DRUG ABUSING WOMEN
    NIH/NIDA R01DA004331Sep 30, 1986 - Mar 31, 1993
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bio-Organic Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Resource
    NIH P41RR001614Mar 1, 1982 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator
    PEDIATRIC CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    NIH/NCRR M01RR001271Dec 1, 1981 - Mar 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator
    California National Primate Research Center
    NIH P51RR000169Jun 1, 1975 - Apr 30, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Buchbinder D, Smith MJ, Kawahara M, Cowan M, Buzby JS, Abraham RS. Application of a radiosensitivity flow assay in a patient with DNA ligase 4 deficiency. Blood Adv. 2018 Aug 14; 2(15):1828-1832. PMID: 30061307.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Belderbos ME, Gennery AR, Dvorak CC, Blok HJ, Eikema DJ, Silva JMF, Veys P, Neven B, Buckley R, Cole T, Cowan M, Goebel WS, Hoenig M, Kuo CY, Stiehm ER, Wynn R, Bierings M. Outcome of domino hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in humans - an international case series. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jul 05. PMID: 29981805.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Eder M, Schwarz C, Kammer M, Jacobsen N, Masouridi Levrat S, Cowan M, Chongkrairatanakul T, Gaston R, Ravanan R, Ishida H, Bachmann A, Alvarez S, Koch M, Garrouste C, Duffner UA, Cullis B, Schaap N, Medinger M, Sørensen SS, Dauber EM, Böhmig G, Regele H, Berlakovich GA, Wekerle T, Oberbauer R. Allograft and patient survival after sequential HSCT and kidney transplantation from the same donor- a multicenter analysis. Am J Transplant. 2018 Jun 13. PMID: 29900661.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Miggelbrink AM, Logan BR, Buckley RH, Parrott RE, Dvorak CC, Kapoor N, Abdel-Azim H, Prockop SE, Shyr D, Decaluwe H, Hanson IC, Gillio A, Dávila Saldaña BJ, Eibel H, Hopkins G, Walter JE, Whangbo JS, Kohn DB, Puck JM, Cowan M, Griffith LM, Haddad E, O'Reilly RJ, Notarangelo LD, Pai SY. B cell differentiation and IL-21 response in IL2RG/JAK3 SCID patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Blood. 2018 May 04. PMID: 29728406.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Gilman AL, Leung W, Cowan M, Cannon M, Epstein S, Barnhart C, Shah K, Hyland M, Fukes T, Ivanova A. Donor lymphocyte infusion and methotrexate for immune recovery after T-cell depleted haploidentical transplantation. Am J Hematol. 2018 Feb; 93(2):169-178. PMID: 29047161.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Heimall J, Logan BR, Cowan M, Notarangelo LD, Griffith LM, Puck JM, Kohn DB, Pulsipher MA, Parikh S, Martinez C, Kapoor N, O'Reilly R, Boyer M, Pai SY, Goldman F, Burroughs L, Chandra S, Kletzel M, Thakar M, Connelly J, Cuvelier G, Davila Saldana BJ, Shereck E, Knutsen A, Sullivan KE, DeSantes K, Gillio A, Haddad E, Petrovic A, Quigg T, Smith AR, Stenger E, Yin Z, Shearer WT, Fleisher T, Buckley RH, Dvorak CC. Immune reconstitution and survival of 100 SCID patients post-hematopoietic cell transplant: a PIDTC natural history study. Blood. 2017 12 21; 130(25):2718-2727. PMID: 29021228.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Dobbs K, Tabellini G, Calzoni E, Patrizi O, Martinez P, Giliani SC, Moratto D, Al-Herz W, Cancrini C, Cowan M, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buchbinder D, Burns SO, Chatila TA, Chou J, Daza-Cajigal V, Ott de Bruin LM, de la Morena MT, Di Matteo G, Finocchi A, Geha R, Goyal RK, Hayward A, Holland S, Huang CH, Kanariou MG, King A, Kaplan B, Kleva A, Kuijpers TW, Lee BW, Lougaris V, Massaad M, Meyts I, Morsheimer M, Neven B, Pai SY, Parvaneh N, Plebani A, Prockop S, Reisli I, Soh JY, Somech R, Torgerson TR, Kim YJ, Walter JE, Gennery AR, Keles S, Manis JP, Marcenaro E, Moretta A, Parolini S, Notarangelo LD. Corrigendum: Natural Killer Cells from Patients with Recombinase-Activating Gene and Non-Homologous End Joining Gene Defects Comprise a Higher Frequency of CD56bright NKG2A+++ Cells, and Yet Display Increased Degranulation and Higher Perforin Content. Front Immunol. 2017; 8:1244. PMID: 29042861.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Heimall J, Cowan M. Long term outcomes of severe combined immunodeficiency: therapy implications. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2017 Nov; 13(11):1029-1040. PMID: 28918671.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Dvorak CC, Puck JM, Wahlstrom JT, Dorsey M, Melton A, Cowan M. Neurologic event-free survival demonstrates a benefit for SCID patients diagnosed by newborn screening. Blood Adv. 2017 Sep 12; 1(20):1694-1698. PMID: 29296816.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Cowan M, Dvorak CC, Long-Boyle J. Opening Marrow Niches in Patients Undergoing Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Therapy. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2017 10; 31(5):809-822. PMID: 28895849.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Dobbs K, Tabellini G, Calzoni E, Patrizi O, Martinez P, Giliani SC, Moratto D, Al-Herz W, Cancrini C, Cowan M, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buchbinder D, Burns SO, Chatila TA, Chou J, Daza-Cajigal V, Ott de Bruin LM, de la Morena M, Di Matteo G, Finocchi A, Geha R, Goyal RK, Hayward A, Holland S, Huang CH, Kanariou MG, King A, Kaplan B, Kleva A, Kuijpers TW, Lee BW, Lougaris V, Massaad M, Meyts I, Morsheimer M, Neven B, Pai SY, Plebani A, Prockop S, Reisli I, Soh JY, Somech R, Torgerson TR, Kim YJ, Walter JE, Gennery AR, Keles S, Manis JP, Marcenaro E, Moretta A, Parolini S, Notarangelo LD. Natural Killer Cells from Patients with Recombinase-Activating Gene and Non-Homologous End Joining Gene Defects Comprise a Higher Frequency of CD56bright NKG2A+++ Cells, and Yet Display Increased Degranulation and Higher Perforin Content. Front Immunol. 2017; 8:798. PMID: 28769923.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Ivaturi V, Dvorak CC, Chan D, Liu T, Cowan M, Wahlstrom J, Stricherz M, Jennissen C, Orchard PJ, Tolar J, Pai SY, Huang L, Aweeka F, Long-Boyle J. Pharmacokinetics and Model-Based Dosing to Optimize Fludarabine Therapy in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Oct; 23(10):1701-1713. PMID: 28684371.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Heimall J, Buckley RH, Puck J, Fleisher TA, Gennery AR, Haddad E, Neven B, Slatter M, Roderick S, Baker KS, Dietz AC, Duncan C, Griffith LM, Notarangelo L, Pulsipher MA, Cowan M. Recommendations for Screening and Management of Late Effects in Patients with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency after Allogenic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Consensus Statement from the Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Conference on Late Effects after Pediatric HCT. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Aug; 23(8):1229-1240. PMID: 28479164.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Khandelwal P, Millard HR, Thiel E, Abdel-Azim H, Abraham AA, Auletta JJ, Boulad F, Brown VI, Camitta BM, Chan KW, Chaudhury S, Cowan M, Angel-Diaz M, Gadalla SM, Gale RP, Hale G, Kasow KA, Keating AK, Kitko CL, MacMillan ML, Olsson RF, Page KM, Seber A, Smith AR, Warwick AB, Wirk B, Mehta PA. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Activity in Pediatric Cancer between 2008 and 2014 in the United States: A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Report. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Aug; 23(8):1342-1349. PMID: 28450183.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Slack J, Albert MH, Balashov D, Belohradsky BH, Bertaina A, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buechner J, Buckley RH, Ouachée-Chardin M, Deripapa E, Drabko K, Eapen M, Feuchtinger T, Finocchi A, Gaspar HB, Ghosh S, Gillio A, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Grunebaum E, Güngör T, Heilmann C, Helminen M, Higuchi K, Imai K, Kalwak K, Kanazawa N, Karasu G, Kucuk ZY, Laberko A, Lange A, Mahlaoui N, Meisel R, Moshous D, Muramatsu H, Parikh S, Pasic S, Schmid I, Schuetz C, Schulz A, Schultz KR, Shaw PJ, Slatter MA, Sykora KW, Tamura S, Taskinen M, Wawer A, Wolska-Kusnierz B, Cowan M, Fischer A, Gennery AR. Outcome of hematopoietic cell transplantation for DNA double-strand break repair disorders. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jan; 141(1):322-328.e10. PMID: 28392333.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Hoenig M, Lagresle-Peyrou C, Pannicke U, Notarangelo LD, Porta F, Gennery AR, Slatter M, Cowan M, Stepensky P, Al-Mousa H, Al-Zahrani D, Pai SY, Al Herz W, Gaspar HB, Veys P, Oshima K, Imai K, Yabe H, Noroski LM, Wulffraat NM, Sykora KW, Soler-Palacin P, Muramatsu H, Al Hilali M, Moshous D, Debatin KM, Schuetz C, Jacobsen EM, Schulz AS, Schwarz K, Fischer A, Friedrich W, Cavazzana M. Reticular dysgenesis: international survey on clinical presentation, transplantation, and outcome. Blood. 2017 05 25; 129(21):2928-2938. PMID: 28331055.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Dorsey MJ, Dvorak CC, Cowan M, Puck JM. Treatment of infants identified as having severe combined immunodeficiency by means of newborn screening. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Mar; 139(3):733-742. PMID: 28270365.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Punwani D, Zhang Y, Yu J, Cowan M, Rana S, Kwan A, Adhikari AN, Lizama CO, Mendelsohn BA, Fahl SP, Chellappan A, Srinivasan R, Brenner SE, Wiest DL, Puck JM. Multisystem Anomalies in Severe Combined Immunodeficiency with Mutant BCL11B. N Engl J Med. 2016 12 01; 375(22):2165-2176. PMID: 27959755.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Cowan M, Kiem HP. Devouring the Hematopoietic Stem Cell: Setting the Table for Marrow Cell Transplantation. Mol Ther. 2016 Nov; 24(11):1892-1894. PMID: 27916993.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Walter JE, Rosen LB, Csomos K, Rosenberg JM, Mathew D, Keszei M, Ujhazi B, Chen K, Lee YN, Tirosh I, Dobbs K, Al-Herz W, Cowan M, Puck J, Bleesing JJ, Grimley MS, Malech H, De Ravin SS, Gennery AR, Abraham RS, Joshi AY, Boyce TG, Butte MJ, Nadeau KC, Balboni I, Sullivan KE, Akhter J, Adeli M, El-Feky RA, El-Ghoneimy DH, Dbaibo G, Wakim R, Azzari C, Palma P, Cancrini C, Capuder K, Condino-Neto A, Costa-Carvalho BT, Oliveira JB, Roifman C, Buchbinder D, Kumanovics A, Franco JL, Niehues T, Schuetz C, Kuijpers T, Yee C, Chou J, Masaad MJ, Geha R, Uzel G, Gelman R, Holland SM, Recher M, Utz PJ, Browne SK, Notarangelo LD. Broad-spectrum antibodies against self-antigens and cytokines in RAG deficiency. J Clin Invest. 2016 Nov 01; 126(11):4389. PMID: 27801680.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Bartelink IH, Lalmohamed A, van Reij EM, Dvorak CC, Savic RM, Zwaveling J, Bredius RG, Egberts AC, Bierings M, Kletzel M, Shaw PJ, Nath CE, Hempel G, Ansari M, Krajinovic M, Théorêt Y, Duval M, Keizer RJ, Bittencourt H, Hassan M, Güngör T, Wynn RF, Veys P, Cuvelier GD, Marktel S, Chiesa R, Cowan M, Slatter MA, Stricherz MK, Jennissen C, Long-Boyle JR, Boelens JJ. Association of busulfan exposure with survival and toxicity after haemopoietic cell transplantation in children and young adults: a multicentre, retrospective cohort analysis. Lancet Haematol. 2016 Nov; 3(11):e526-e536. PMID: 27746112.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Dietz AC, Duncan CN, Alter BP, Bresters D, Cowan M, Notarangelo L, Rosenberg PS, Shenoy S, Skinner R, Walters MC, Wagner J, Baker KS, Pulsipher MA. The Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Consensus Conference on Late Effects after Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Defining the Unique Late Effects of Children Undergoing Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Immune Deficiencies, Inherited Marrow Failure Disorders, and Hemoglobinopathies. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Jan; 23(1):24-29. PMID: 27737772.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Punwani D, Kawahara M, Yu J, Sanford U, Roy S, Patel K, Carbonaro DA, Karlen AD, Khan S, Cornetta K, Rothe M, Schambach A, Kohn DB, Malech HL, McIvor RS, Puck JM, Cowan M. Lentivirus Mediated Correction of Artemis-Deficient Severe Combined Immunodeficiency. Hum Gene Ther. 2017 01; 28(1):112-124. PMID: 27611239.
      View in: PubMed
    24. John T, Walter JE, Schuetz C, Chen K, Abraham RS, Bonfim C, Boyce TG, Joshi AY, Kang E, Carvalho BT, Mahajerin A, Nugent D, Puthenveetil G, Soni A, Su H, Cowan M, Notarangelo L, Buchbinder D. Unrelated Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in a Patient with Combined Immunodeficiency with Granulomatous Disease and Autoimmunity Secondary to RAG Deficiency. J Clin Immunol. 2016 Oct; 36(7):725-32. PMID: 27539235.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Cowan M. The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium: how can it improve definitive therapy for PID? Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2016 10; 12(10):1007-9. PMID: 27454438.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Geerlinks AV, Issekutz T, Wahlstrom JT, Sullivan KE, Cowan M, Dvorak CC, Fernandez CV. Severe, persistent, and fatal T-cell immunodeficiency following therapy for infantile leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 Nov; 63(11):2046-9. PMID: 27354010.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Wahlstrom J, Patel K, Eckhert E, Kong D, Horn B, Cowan M, Dvorak CC. Transplacental maternal engraftment and posttransplantation graft-versus-host disease in children with severe combined immunodeficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Feb; 139(2):628-633.e10. PMID: 27444177.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Griffith LM, Cowan M, Notarangelo LD, Kohn DB, Puck JM, Shearer WT, Burroughs LM, Torgerson TR, Decaluwe H, Haddad E. Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) update. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Aug; 138(2):375-85. PMID: 27262745.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Bailey-Olson M, Cowan M, Dvorak C, Mueller S, Owens A, Wahlstrom J, Horn B. Evaluation of Pre-Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT) Brain MRI and Neurologic Complications of Pediatric Patients Undergoing HCT for Hematologic Malignancies. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2016 Feb 22. PMID: 26902499.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Levy ER, Musick L, Zinter MS, Lang T, Cowan M, Weintrub PS, Dvorak CC. Safe and Effective Prophylaxis with Bimonthly Intravenous Pentamidine in the Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Population. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 Feb; 35(2):135-41. PMID: 26418240.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Chan AY, Punwani D, Kadlecek TA, Cowan M, Olson JL, Mathes EF, Sunderam U, Fu SM, Srinivasan R, Kuriyan J, Brenner SE, Weiss A, Puck JM. A novel human autoimmune syndrome caused by combined hypomorphic and activating mutations in ZAP-70. J Exp Med. 2016 Feb 08; 213(2):155-65. PMID: 26783323; PMCID: PMC4749924.
    32. Walter JE, Rosen LB, Csomos K, Rosenberg JM, Mathew D, Keszei M, Ujhazi B, Chen K, Lee YN, Tirosh I, Dobbs K, Al-Herz W, Cowan M, Puck J, Bleesing JJ, Grimley MS, Malech H, De Ravin SS, Gennery AR, Abraham RS, Joshi AY, Boyce TG, Butte MJ, Nadeau KC, Balboni I, Sullivan KE, Akhter J, Adeli M, El-Feky RA, El-Ghoneimy DH, Dbaibo G, Wakim R, Azzari C, Palma P, Cancrini C, Capuder K, Condino-Neto A, Costa-Carvalho BT, Oliveira JB, Roifman C, Buchbinder D, Kumanovics A, Franco JL, Niehues T, Schuetz C, Kuijpers T, Yee C, Chou J, Masaad MJ, Geha R, Uzel G, Gelman R, Holland SM, Recher M, Utz PJ, Browne SK, Notarangelo LD. Broad-spectrum antibodies against self-antigens and cytokines in RAG deficiency. J Clin Invest. 2015 Nov 02; 125(11):4135-48. PMID: 26457731; PMCID: PMC4639965.
    33. Zinter MS, Dvorak CC, Spicer A, Cowan M, Sapru A. New Insights Into Multicenter PICU Mortality Among Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients. Crit Care Med. 2015 Sep; 43(9):1986-94. PMID: 26035280.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Shapiro EG, Nestrasil I, Rudser K, Delaney K, Kovac V, Ahmed A, Yund B, Orchard PJ, Eisengart J, Niklason GR, Raiman J, Mamak E, Cowan M, Bailey-Olson M, Harmatz P, Shankar SP, Cagle S, Ali N, Steiner RD, Wozniak J, Lim KO, Whitley CB. Neurocognition across the spectrum of mucopolysaccharidosis type I: Age, severity, and treatment. Mol Genet Metab. 2015 Sep-Oct; 116(1-2):61-8. PMID: 26095521; PMCID: PMC4561597.
    35. Cowan M, Gennery AR. Radiation-sensitive severe combined immunodeficiency: The arguments for and against conditioning before hematopoietic cell transplantation--what to do? J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Nov; 136(5):1178-85. PMID: 26055221; PMCID: PMC4641002 [Available on 11/01/16].
    36. Multhaup MM, Podetz-Pedersen KM, Karlen AD, Olson ER, Gunther R, Somia NV, Blazar BR, Cowan M, McIvor RS. Role of transgene regulation in ex vivo lentiviral correction of artemis deficiency. Hum Gene Ther. 2015 Apr; 26(4):232-43. PMID: 25738323; PMCID: PMC4410190.
    37. Long-Boyle JR, Savic R, Yan S, Bartelink I, Musick L, French D, Law J, Horn B, Cowan M, Dvorak CC. Population pharmacokinetics of busulfan in pediatric and young adult patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplant: a model-based dosing algorithm for personalized therapy and implementation into routine clinical use. Ther Drug Monit. 2015 Apr; 37(2):236-45. PMID: 25162216; PMCID: PMC4342323.
    38. Kwan A, Hu D, Song M, Gomes H, Brown DR, Bourque T, Gonzalez-Espinosa D, Lin Z, Cowan M, Puck JM. Successful newborn screening for SCID in the Navajo Nation. Clin Immunol. 2015 May; 158(1):29-34. PMID: 25762520.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Wahlstrom JT, Dvorak CC, Cowan M. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency. Curr Pediatr Rep. 2015 Mar 01; 3(1):1-10. PMID: 25821657.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Horn B, Petrovic A, Wahlstrom J, Dvorak CC, Kong D, Hwang J, Expose-Spencer J, Gates M, Cowan M. Chimerism-based pre-emptive immunotherapy with fast withdrawal of immunosuppression and donor lymphocyte infusions after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for pediatric hematologic malignancies. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 Apr; 21(4):729-37. PMID: 25644958.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Punwani D, Wang H, Chan AY, Cowan M, Mallott J, Sunderam U, Mollenauer M, Srinivasan R, Brenner SE, Mulder A, Claas FH, Weiss A, Puck JM. Combined immunodeficiency due to MALT1 mutations, treated by hematopoietic cell transplantation. J Clin Immunol. 2015 Feb; 35(2):135-46. PMID: 25627829; PMCID: PMC4352191.
    42. Pai SY, Cowan M. Stem cell transplantation for primary immunodeficiency diseases: the North American experience. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Dec; 14(6):521-6. PMID: 25259542; PMCID: PMC4238389.
    43. Kwan A, Abraham RS, Currier R, Brower A, Andruszewski K, Abbott JK, Baker M, Ballow M, Bartoshesky LE, Bonilla FA, Brokopp C, Brooks E, Caggana M, Celestin J, Church JA, Comeau AM, Connelly JA, Cowan M, Cunningham-Rundles C, Dasu T, Dave N, De La Morena MT, Duffner U, Fong CT, Forbes L, Freedenberg D, Gelfand EW, Hale JE, Hanson IC, Hay BN, Hu D, Infante A, Johnson D, Kapoor N, Kay DM, Kohn DB, Lee R, Lehman H, Lin Z, Lorey F, Abdel-Mageed A, Manning A, McGhee S, Moore TB, Naides SJ, Notarangelo LD, Orange JS, Pai SY, Porteus M, Rodriguez R, Romberg N, Routes J, Ruehle M, Rubenstein A, Saavedra-Matiz CA, Scott G, Scott PM, Secord E, Seroogy C, Shearer WT, Siegel S, Silvers SK, Stiehm ER, Sugerman RW, Sullivan JL, Tanksley S, Tierce ML, Verbsky J, Vogel B, Walker R, Walkovich K, Walter JE, Wasserman RL, Watson MS, Weinberg GA, Weiner LB, Wood H, Yates AB, Puck JM, Bonagura VR. Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency in 11 screening programs in the United States. JAMA. 2014 Aug 20; 312(7):729-38. PMID: 25138334; PMCID: PMC4492158.
    44. Dvorak CC, Hassan A, Slatter MA, Hönig M, Lankester AC, Buckley RH, Pulsipher MA, Davis JH, Güngör T, Gabriel M, Bleesing JH, Bunin N, Sedlacek P, Connelly JA, Crawford DF, Notarangelo LD, Pai SY, Hassid J, Veys P, Gennery AR, Cowan M. Comparison of outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation without chemotherapy conditioning by using matched sibling and unrelated donors for treatment of severe combined immunodeficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Oct; 134(4):935-943.e15. PMID: 25109802.
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    45. Pai SY, Logan BR, Griffith LM, Buckley RH, Parrott RE, Dvorak CC, Kapoor N, Hanson IC, Filipovich AH, Jyonouchi S, Sullivan KE, Small TN, Burroughs L, Skoda-Smith S, Haight AE, Grizzle A, Pulsipher MA, Chan KW, Fuleihan RL, Haddad E, Loechelt B, Aquino VM, Gillio A, Davis J, Knutsen A, Smith AR, Moore TB, Schroeder ML, Goldman FD, Connelly JA, Porteus MH, Xiang Q, Shearer WT, Fleisher TA, Kohn DB, Puck JM, Notarangelo LD, Cowan M, O'Reilly RJ. Transplantation outcomes for severe combined immunodeficiency, 2000-2009. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jul 31; 371(5):434-46. PMID: 25075835; PMCID: PMC4183064.
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    117. Li L, Moshous D, Zhou Y, Wang J, Xie G, Salido E, Hu D, de Villartay JP, Cowan M. A founder mutation in Artemis, an SNM1-like protein, causes SCID in Athabascan-speaking Native Americans. J Immunol. 2002 Jun 15; 168(12):6323-9. PMID: 12055248.
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    118. Reed W, Kong DZ, Lee TH, Cowan M, Busch MP, Baxter-Lowe LA. Non-invasive determination of the paternal HLA haplotype of a fetus using kinetic PCR to detect fetal microchimerism in maternal plasma. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2002 Mar; 29(6):527-9. PMID: 11960275.
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    119. Cowan M. Bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of genetic disease. West J Med. 1990 Dec; 153(6):647-8. PMID: 2293473; PMCID: PMC1002646.
    120. Shannon KM, Turhan AG, Chang SS, Bowcock AM, Rogers PC, Carroll WL, Cowan M, Glader BE, Eaves CJ, Eaves AC. Familial bone marrow monosomy 7. Evidence that the predisposing locus is not on the long arm of chromosome 7. J Clin Invest. 1989 Sep; 84(3):984-9. PMID: 2569483; PMCID: PMC329745.
    121. Cowan, M.J., Walker, C., Culver, K., Wara, D., Weintrub, P.S., & Levy, J.Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infection in seronegative children of HIV infected mothers. AIDS. 1988; (2):437-441.
    122. Perkins HA, Samson S, Garner J, Echenberg D, Allen JR, Cowan M, Levy JA. Risk of AIDS for recipients of blood components from donors who subsequently developed AIDS. Blood. 1987 Nov; 70(5):1604-10. PMID: 3663947.
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    123. Culver KW, Ammann AJ, Partridge JC, Wong DF, Wara DW, Cowan M. Lymphocyte abnormalities in infants born to drug-abusing mothers. J Pediatr. 1987 Aug; 111(2):230-5. PMID: 3039102.
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    124. Shannon, K., Cowan, M.J., & Matthay, K. .Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation: Intensive Care Management. Journal of Intensive Care. 1987; (2):328-344.
    125. Geffner ME, Stiehm ER, Stephure D, Cowan M. Probable autoimmune thyroid disease and combined immunodeficiency disease. Am J Dis Child. 1986 Nov; 140(11):1194-6. PMID: 3490177.
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    126. Cowan M, Brady RO, Widder KJ. Elevated erythrocyte adenosine deaminase activity in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Feb; 83(4):1089-91. PMID: 3006027; PMCID: PMC323016.
    127. Cowan M, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. Deoxycytidine therapy in two patients with adenosine deaminase deficiency and severe immunodeficiency disease. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1985 Oct; 37(1):30-6. PMID: 3161676.
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    128. Ammann AJ, Johnson A, Fyfe GA, Leonards R, Wara DW, Cowan M. Behçet syndrome. J Pediatr. 1985 Jul; 107(1):41-3. PMID: 4009339.
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    129. Shannon K, Cowan M, Ball E, Abrams D, Volberding P, Ammann AJ. Impaired mononuclear-cell proliferation in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome results from abnormalities of both T lymphocytes and adherent mononuclear cells. J Clin Immunol. 1985 Jul; 5(4):239-45. PMID: 3876352.
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    130. Ammann, A.J., Lawrence, K., & Cowan, M.J. .Antibodies to AIDS associated retrovirus distinguishes between primary and acquired immunodeficiency diseases. JAMA. 1985; (253):3116-3118.
    131. Ochs HD, Fischer SH, Wedgwood RJ, Wara DW, Cowan M, Ammann AJ, Saxon A, Budinger MD, Allred RU, Rousell RH. Comparison of high-dose and low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases. Am J Med. 1984 Mar 30; 76(3A):78-82. PMID: 6424461.
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    132. Cowan M, Hellmann D, Chudwin D, Wara DW, Chang RS, Ammann AJ. Maternal transmission of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Pediatrics. 1984 Mar; 73(3):382-6. PMID: 6608091.
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    133. Parkman, R., O'Donnell, R.E., Cairns, L., Rappeport, J.M., Cowan, M.J., Ammann, A.J., Kenney, D., Potter, N., & Rosen, F.S. .Susceptibility to infections in patients lacking a T lymphocyte surface glycoprotein. Clin Immunol Immunopathology. 1984; (33):363-370.
    134. Wara, D.W., Cowan, M.J., & Ammann, A.J. .Thymosin Fraction 5 treatment of patients with cellular immunodeficiency disorders. Thymic Hormones and Lymphokines. 1984.
    135. Chudwin DS, Ammann AJ, Cowan M, Wara DW. Significance of a positive antinuclear antibody test in a pediatric population. Am J Dis Child. 1983 Nov; 137(11):1103-6. PMID: 6356882.
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    136. Weintrub PS, Koerper MA, Addiego JE, Drew WL, Lennette ET, Miner R, Cowan M, Ammann AJ. Immunologic abnormalities in patients with hemophilia A. J Pediatr. 1983 Nov; 103(5):692-5. PMID: 6415259.
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    137. Hellmann D, Cowan M, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Chudwin D, Chang RS. Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infections in two immunodeficient patients. J Pediatr. 1983 Oct; 103(4):585-8. PMID: 6312007.
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    138. Chudwin DS, Cowan M, Greenberg PL, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. Response of agranulocytosis to prolonged antithymocyte globulin therapy. J Pediatr. 1983 Aug; 103(2):223-7. PMID: 6875713.
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    139. Williams ML, Packman S, Cowan M. Alopecia and periorificial dermatitis in biotin-responsive multiple carboxylase deficiency. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1983 Jul; 9(1):97-103. PMID: 6886110.
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    140. Ammann AJ, Abrams D, Conant M, Chudwin D, Cowan M, Volberding P, Lewis B, Casavant C. Acquired immune dysfunction in homosexual men: immunologic profiles. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1983 Jun; 27(3):315-25. PMID: 6223758.
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    141. Cowan M, Fraga M, Ammann AJ. Changes in purine nucleoside phosphorylase activity during thymosin-induced human null cell differentiation. Cell Immunol. 1983 Jun; 78(2):333-41. PMID: 6407760.
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    142. Savouret JF, Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Cowan M, Miller WL. Clinical and laboratory findings in childhood mixed connective tissue disease: presence of antibody to ribonucleoprotein containing the small nuclear ribonucleic acid U1. J Pediatr. 1983 Jun; 102(6):841-6. PMID: 6189985.
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    143. Ammann AJ, Cowan M, Wara DW, Weintrub P, Dritz S, Goldman H, Perkins HA. Acquired immunodeficiency in an infant: possible transmission by means of blood products. Lancet. 1983 Apr 30; 1(8331):956-8. PMID: 6132270.
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    144. Chudwin DS, Cowan M, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. Patients with abnormal proportions of T-lymphocyte subsets have reduced in vitro cellular immunity. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1983 Jan; 26(1):126-36. PMID: 6223739.
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    145. Ammann AJ, Cowan M, Martin DW, Wara DW. Dipyridamole and intravenous deoxycytidine therapy in a patient with adenosine deaminase deficiency. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1983; 19(3):117-20. PMID: 6652234.
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    146. Unexplained immunodeficiency and opportunistic infections in infants--New York, New Jersey, California. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1982 Dec 17; 31(49):665-7. PMID: 6819445.
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    147. Possible transfusion-associated acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) - California. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1982 Dec 10; 31(48):652-4. PMID: 6819440.
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    148. Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Cowan M, Ammann AJ. Aspergillus pneumonia in chronic granulomatous disease: recurrence and long-term outcome. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1982 Nov; 71(6):915-7. PMID: 7158331.
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    149. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan M, Barrett DJ, Stiehm ER. The DiGeorge syndrome and the fetal alcohol syndrome. Am J Dis Child. 1982 Oct; 136(10):906-8. PMID: 6812410.
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    150. Chudwin DS, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan M, Phibbs RH. Posttransfusion syndrome. Rash, eosinophilia, and thrombocytopenia following intrauterine and exchange transfusions. Am J Dis Child. 1982 Jul; 136(7):612-4. PMID: 7201237.
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    151. Packman S, Cowan M, Golbus MS, Caswell NM, Sweetman L, Burri BJ, Nyhan WL, Baker H. Prenatal treatment of biotin responsive multiple carboxylase deficiency. Lancet. 1982 Jun 26; 1(8287):1435-8. PMID: 6123722.
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    152. Cowan M, Fraga M, Andrew J, Laméris-Martin N, Ammann AJ. Purine salvage pathway enzyme activities in human T-, B-, and null lymphocyte populations. Cell Immunol. 1982 Feb; 67(1):121-8. PMID: 6804097.
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    153. Cowan M, Cashman D, Ammann AJ. Effects of formycin B on human lymphocyte Deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Optimization of cell culture conditions. Biochem Pharmacol. 1981 Oct 01; 30(19):2651-6. PMID: 6794575.
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    154. Packman S, Sweetman L, Yoshino M, Baker H, Cowan M. Biotin-responsive multiple carboxylase deficiency of infantile onset. J Pediatr. 1981 Sep; 99(3):421-3. PMID: 7264799.
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    155. Barrett DJ, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan M, Fisher TJ, Stiehm ER. Clinical and immunologic spectrum of the DiGeorge syndrome. J Clin Lab Immunol. 1981 Jul; 6(1):1-6. PMID: 6973633.
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    156. Chudwin DS, Cowan M, Wara DW, Johnson AC. Lung involvement in progressive vaccinia. West J Med. 1981 May; 134(5):446-8. PMID: 6973241; PMCID: PMC1272785.
    157. Cowan M, Ammann AJ. Immunodeficiency syndromes associated with inherited metabolic disorders. Clin Haematol. 1981 Feb; 10(1):139-59. PMID: 6260406.
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    158. Chudwin, D.S., Daniels, T.E., Wara, D.W., Ammann, A.J., Barrett, D.J., Witcher, J.P., & Cowan, M.J. .Sjogren's syndrome in the pediatric age group. J Pediat. 1981; (98):213-217.
    159. Ammann, A.J., Cowan, M.J., & Wara, D.W. .Immunology. AAP. 1981.
    160. Cowan, M.J., Fujiwara, P., & Ammann, A.J. .Aging and immunologic function: In vitro effects of thymosin on cellular immunity. Mech Aqinq and Development. 1981; (15):29-39.
    161. Cowan M, Fujiwara P, Ammann AJ. Cellular immune defect in selective IgA deficiency using a microculture method for PHA stimulation and limiting dilution. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1980 Dec; 17(4):595-605. PMID: 7002402.
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    162. Sander JE, Malamud N, Cowan M, Packman S, Amman AJ, Wara DW. Intermittent ataxia and immunodeficiency with multiple carboxylase deficiencies: a biotin-responsive disorder. Ann Neurol. 1980 Nov; 8(5):544-7. PMID: 7436398.
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    163. Fulmer JD, Bienkowski RS, Cowan M, Breul SD, Bradley KM, Ferrans VJ, Roberts WC, Crystal RG. Collagen concentration and rates of synthesis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1980 Aug; 122(2):289-301. PMID: 7416606.
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    164. Barrett DJ, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Cowan M. Thymosin therapy in the DiGeorge syndrome. J Pediatr. 1980 Jul; 97(1):66-71. PMID: 7381650.
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    165. Cowan M, Wara DW, Packman S, Ammann AJ, Yoshino M, Sweetman L, Nyhan W. Multiple biotin-dependent carboxylase deficiencies associated with defects in T-cell and B-cell immunity. Lancet. 1979 Jul 21; 2(8134):115-8. PMID: 88554.
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    166. Wara DW, Barrett DJ, Ammann AJ, Cowan M. In vitro and in vivo enhancement of mixed lymphocyte culture reactivity by thymosin in patients with primary immunodeficiency disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1979; 332:128-34. PMID: 161150.
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    167. Cowan M, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Howie VM, Schultz L, Doyle N, Kaplan M. Pneumococcal polysaccharide immunization in infants and children. Pediatrics. 1978 Nov; 62(5):721-7. PMID: 31592.
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    168. Bienkowski RS, Cowan M, McDonald JA, Crystal RG. Degradation of newly synthesized collagen. J Biol Chem. 1978 Jun 25; 253(12):4356-63. PMID: 659420.
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    169. Langston C, Sachdeva P, Cowan M, Haines J, Crystal RG, Thurlbeck WM. Alveolar multiplication in the contralateral lung after unilateral pneumonectomy in the rabbit. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1977 Jan; 115(1):7-13. PMID: 835893.
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    170. Hance AJ, Horwitz AL, Cowan M, Elson NA, Collins JF, Bienkowski RS, Bradley KH, McConnell-Breul S, Wagner WM, Crystal RG. Biochemical approaches to the investigation of fibrotic lung disease. Chest. 1976 Feb; 69(2 Suppl):257-61. PMID: 1248297.
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    171. Cowan M, Crystal RG. Lung growth after unilateral pneumonectomy: quantitation of collagen synthesis and content. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1975 Mar; 111(3):267-77. PMID: 1119740.
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    172. Crystal RG, Bradley KH, McConnell-Breu SD, Collins JF, Hanca AJ, Cowan M. Collagen in the lung: development of a technology applicable to human lung disease. Chest. 1975 Feb; 67(2 Suppl):30S-31S. PMID: 1167493.
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    173. Cowan M. Workshop on possible pharmacologic mechanisms for enhancement of lung maturation. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1974 Sep; 110(3):329-32. PMID: 4370559.
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