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    Philip Hopewell, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentMedicine
    Address1001 Potrero Ave, SFGH 5
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-206-8313

       Biography 
       Education and Training
      University of California, San FranciscoResidency

       ORNG Applications 
       Websites
       Awarded Grants
       Global Health
       More Info

       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Metcalfe JZ, Mason P, Mungofa S, Sandy C, Hopewell PC. Empiric tuberculosis treatment in retreatment patients in high HIV/tuberculosis-burden settings. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Sep; 14(9):794-5.
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      2. Davis JL, Kawamura LM, Chaisson LH, Grinsdale J, Benhammou J, Ho C, Babst A, Banouvong H, Metcalfe JZ, Pandori M, Hopewell PC, Cattamanchi A. Impact of GeneXpert MTB/RIF on Patients and Tuberculosis Programs in a Low-Burden Setting. A Hypothetical Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun 15; 189(12):1551-9.
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      3. Budzik JM, Jarlsberg LG, Higashi J, Grinsdale J, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M, Nahid P. Pyrazinamide Resistance, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lineage and Treatment Outcomes in San Francisco, California. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e95645.
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      4. Hopewell PC. Updating the international standards for tuberculosis care [editorial]. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Mar; 18(3):253.
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      5. Hopewell PC, Fair EL, Uplekar M. Updating the international standards for tuberculosis care. Entering the era of molecular diagnostics. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Mar; 11(3):277-85.
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      6. Metcalfe JZ, Makumbirofa S, Makamure B, Sandy C, Bara W, Mungofa S, Hopewell PC, Mason P. Drug-resistant tuberculosis in high-risk groups, zimbabwe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Jan; 20(1):135-7.
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      7. Pai M, Satyanarayana S, Hopewell P. Improving quality of tuberculosis care in India. Indian J Tuberc. 2014 Jan; 61(1):12-8.
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      8. Prach LM, Pascopella L, Barry PM, Flood J, Porco TC, Hopewell PC, Metcalfe JZ. Rifampin monoresistant tuberculosis and HIV comorbidity in California, 1993-2008: a retrospective cohort study. AIDS. 2013 Oct 23; 27(16):2615-22.
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      9. Ukwaja KN, Alobu I, Abimbola S, Hopewell PC. Household catastrophic payments for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants, and policy implications for universal health coverage. Infect Dis Poverty. 2013; 2(1):21.
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      10. Ukwaja KN, Alobu I, Lgwenyi C, Hopewell PC. The high cost of free tuberculosis services: patient and household costs associated with tuberculosis care in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e73134.
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      11. Hopewell PC. We help the world breathe. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2013 Aug; 10(4):357-8.
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      12. Anderson J, Jarlsberg LG, Grindsdale J, Osmond D, Kawamura M, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Sublineages of lineage 4 (Euro-American) Mycobacterium tuberculosis differ in genotypic clustering. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(7):885-91.
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      13. Suwanpimolkul G, Jarlsberg LG, Grinsdale JA, Osmond D, Kawamura LM, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in foreign-born persons living in San Francisco. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 May 1; 187(9):998-1006.
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      14. Jacob ST, Lim M, Banura P, Bhagwanjee S, Bion J, Cheng AC, Cohen H, Farrar J, Gove S, Hopewell P, Moore CC, Roth C, West TE. Integrating sepsis management recommendations into clinical care guidelines for district hospitals in resource-limited settings: the necessity to augment new guidelines with future research. BMC Med. 2013; 11:107.
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      15. Royce S, Falzon D, van Weezenbeek C, Dara M, Hyder K, Hopewell P, Richardson MD, Zignol M. Multidrug resistance in new tuberculosis patients: burden and implications. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Apr; 17(4):511-3.
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      16. Kato-Maeda M, Ho C, Passarelli B, Banaei N, Grinsdale J, Flores L, Anderson J, Murray M, Rose G, Kawamura LM, Pourmand N, Tariq MA, Gagneux S, Hopewell PC. Use of whole genome sequencing to determine the microevolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis during an outbreak. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e58235.
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      17. Metcalfe JZ, Porco TC, Westenhouse J, Damesyn M, Facer M, Hill J, Xia Q, Watt JP, Hopewell PC, Flood J. Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection, California, USA, 1993–2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Mar; 19(3):400-6.
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      18. Davis JL, Cattamanchi A, Cuevas LE, Hopewell PC, Steingart KR. Diagnostic accuracy of same-day microscopy versus standard microscopy for pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2013 Feb; 13(2):147-54.
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      19. Hopewell PC, Du Melle F, Murray JF. Evolution and revolution: the formation of Today's American Thoracic Society, Part 2. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Dec 1; 186(11):1082-6.
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      20. Murray JF, Du Melle F, Hopewell PC. Evolution and revolution: the formation of today's American Thoracic Society, part 1. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Nov 15; 186(10):948-52.
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      21. Kato-Maeda M, Shanley CA, Ackart D, Jarlsberg LG, Shang S, Obregon-Henao A, Harton M, Basaraba RJ, Henao-Tamayo M, Barrozo JC, Rose J, Kawamura LM, Coscolla M, Fofanov VY, Koshinsky H, Gagneux S, Hopewell PC, Ordway DJ, Orme IM. Beijing sublineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis differ in pathogenicity in the guinea pig. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Aug; 19(8):1227-37.
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      22. Dantes R, Metcalfe J, Kim E, Kato-Maeda M, Hopewell PC, Kawamura M, Nahid P, Cattamanchi A. Impact of isoniazid resistance-conferring mutations on the clinical presentation of isoniazid monoresistant tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e37956.
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      23. Metcalfe JZ, Everett CK, Steingart KR, Cattamanchi A, Huang L, Hopewell PC, Pai M. Interferon-? release assays for active pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis in adults in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov 15; 204 Suppl 4:S1120-9.
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      24. Steingart KR, Flores LL, Dendukuri N, Schiller I, Laal S, Ramsay A, Hopewell PC, Pai M. Commercial serological tests for the diagnosis of active pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2011 Aug; 8(8):e1001062.
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      25. Nahid P, Horne DJ, Jarlsberg LG, Reiner AP, Osmond D, Hopewell PC, Bibbins-Domingo K. Racial differences in tuberculosis infection in United States communities: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 1; 53(3):291-4.
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      26. Davis J, Katamba A, Vasquez J, Crawford E, Sserwanga A, Kakeeto S, Kizito F, Dorsey G, den Boon S, Vittinghoff E, Huang L, Adatu F, Kamya MR, Hopewell PC, Cattamanchi A. Evaluating tuberculosis case detection via real-time monitoring of tuberculosis diagnostic services. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Aug 1; 184(3):362-7.
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      27. Cattamanchi A, Smith R, Steingart KR, Metcalfe JZ, Date A, Coleman C, Marston BJ, Huang L, Hopewell PC, Pai M. Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Mar 1; 56(3):230-8.
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      28. Steingart KR, Jotblad S, Robsky K, Deck D, Hopewell PC, Huang D, Nahid P. Higher-dose rifampin for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Mar; 15(3):305-16.
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      29. Nahid P, Jarlsberg LG, Rudoy I, de Jong BC, Unger A, Kawamura LM, Osmond DH, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Factors associated with mortality in patients with drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Infect Dis. 2011; 11:1.
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      30. Kato-Maeda M, Gagneux S, Flores LL, Kim EY, Small PM, Desmond EP, Hopewell PC. Strain classification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: congruence between large sequence polymorphisms and spoligotypes. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jan; 15(1):131-3.
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      31. Cattamanchi A, Huang L, Worodria W, den Boon S, Kalema N, Katagira W, Byanyima P, Yoo S, Matovu J, Hopewell PC, Davis JL. Integrated strategies to optimize sputum smear microscopy: a prospective observational study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Feb 15; 183(4):547-51.
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      32. Metcalfe JZ, Kim EY, Lin SY, Cattamanchi A, Oh P, Flood J, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis clusters, California, USA, 2004-2007. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Sep; 16(9):1403-9.
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      33. Worodria W, Davis JL, Cattamanchi A, Andama A, den Boon S, Yoo SD, Hopewell PC, Huang L. Bronchoscopy is useful for diagnosing smear-negative tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients. Eur Respir J. 2010 Aug; 36(2):446-8.
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      34. Horne DJ, Royce SE, Gooze L, Narita M, Hopewell PC, Nahid P, Steingart KR. Sputum monitoring during tuberculosis treatment for predicting outcome: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Jun; 10(6):387-94.
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      35. Nahid P, Bliven EE, Kim EY, Mac Kenzie WR, Stout JE, Diem L, Johnson JL, Gagneux S, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Influence of M. tuberculosis lineage variability within a clinical trial for pulmonary tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2010; 5(5):e10753.
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      36. Kato-Maeda M, Kim EY, Flores L, Jarlsberg LG, Osmond D, Hopewell PC. Differences among sublineages of the East-Asian lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in genotypic clustering. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 May; 14(5):538-44.
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      37. Cattamanchi A, Davis JL, Pai M, Huang L, Hopewell PC, Steingart KR. Does bleach processing increase the accuracy of sputum smear microscopy for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis? J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Jul; 48(7):2433-9.
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      38. Cattamanchi A, Ssewenyana I, Davis JL, Huang L, Worodria W, den Boon S, Yoo S, Andama A, Hopewell PC, Cao H. Role of interferon-gamma release assays in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with advanced HIV infection. BMC Infect Dis. 2010; 10:75.
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      39. Kim EY, Nahid P, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Novel hot spot of IS6110 insertion in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Apr; 48(4):1422-4.
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      40. Flores L, Jarlsberg LG, Kim EY, Osmond D, Grinsdale J, Kawamura M, Desmond E, Hopewell PC, Kato-Maeda M. Comparison of restriction fragment length polymorphism with the polymorphic guanine-cytosine-rich sequence and spoligotyping for differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates with five or fewer copies of IS6110. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Feb; 48(2):575-8.
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      41. Metcalfe JZ, Cattamanchi A, Vittinghoff E, Ho C, Grinsdale J, Hopewell PC, Kawamura LM, Nahid P. Evaluation of quantitative IFN-gamma response for risk stratification of active tuberculosis suspects. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Jan 1; 181(1):87-93.
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      42. Cattamanchi A, Davis JL, Worodria W, den Boon S, Yoo S, Matovu J, Kiidha J, Nankya F, Kyeyune R, Byanyima P, Andama A, Joloba M, Osmond DH, Hopewell PC, Huang L. Sensitivity and specificity of fluorescence microscopy for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis in a high HIV prevalence setting. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Sep; 13(9):1130-6.
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      43. Chideya S, Winston CA, Peloquin CA, Bradford WZ, Hopewell PC, Wells CD, Reingold AL, Kenyon TA, Moeti TL, Tappero JW. Isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide pharmacokinetics and treatment outcomes among a predominantly HIV-infected cohort of adults with tuberculosis from Botswana. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Jun 15; 48(12):1685-94.
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      44. Cattamanchi A, Dowdy DW, Davis JL, Worodria W, Yoo S, Joloba M, Matovu J, Hopewell PC, Huang L. Sensitivity of direct versus concentrated sputum smear microscopy in HIV-infected patients suspected of having pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Infect Dis. 2009; 9:53.
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      45. Cattamanchi A, Dantes RB, Metcalfe JZ, Jarlsberg LG, Grinsdale J, Kawamura LM, Osmond D, Hopewell PC, Nahid P. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with isoniazid-monoresistant tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 15; 48(2):179-85.
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      46. Pai M, Joshi R, Dogra S, Zwerling AA, Gajalakshmi D, Goswami K, Reddy MV, Kalantri A, Hill PC, Menzies D, Hopewell PC. T-cell assay conversions and reversions among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in rural India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Jan; 13(1):84-92.
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      47. Steingart KR, Dendukuri N, Henry M, Schiller I, Nahid P, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Pai M, Laal S. Performance of purified antigens for serodiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a meta-analysis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Feb; 16(2):260-76.
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      48. Morrison J, Pai M, Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in close contacts of people with pulmonary tuberculosis in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Jun; 8(6):359-68.
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      49. Walter ND, Jasmer RM, Grinsdale J, Kawamura LM, Hopewell PC, Nahid P. Reaching the limits of tuberculosis prevention among foreign-born individuals: a tuberculosis-control program perspective. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 1; 46(1):103-6.
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      50. Wu B, Huang C, Kato-Maeda M, Hopewell PC, Daley CL, Krensky AM, Clayberger C. IL-24 modulates IFN-gamma expression in patients with tuberculosis. Immunol Lett. 2008 Apr 15; 117(1):57-62.
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      51. Wu B, Huang C, Kato-Maeda M, Hopewell PC, Daley CL, Krensky AM, Clayberger C. IL-9 is associated with an impaired Th1 immune response in patients with tuberculosis. Clin Immunol. 2008 Feb; 126(2):202-10.
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      52. Steingart KR, Henry M, Laal S, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Menzies D, Cunningham J, Weldingh K, Pai M. A systematic review of commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Postgrad Med J. 2007 Nov; 83(985):705-12.
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      53. Boulware DR, Daley CL, Merrifield C, Hopewell PC, Janoff EN. Rapid diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia among HIV-infected adults with urine antigen detection. J Infect. 2007 Oct; 55(4):300-9.
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      54. DeRiemer K, Kawamura LM, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Quantitative impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection on tuberculosis dynamics. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Nov 1; 176(9):936-44.
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      55. Steingart KR, Henry M, Laal S, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Menzies D, Cunningham J, Weldingh K, Pai M. A systematic review of commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Thorax. 2007 Oct; 62(10):911-8.
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      56. Steingart KR, Henry M, Laal S, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Menzies D, Cunningham J, Weldingh K, Pai M. Commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review. PLoS Med. 2007 Jun; 4(6):e202.
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      57. Mase SR, Ramsay A, Ng V, Henry M, Hopewell PC, Cunningham J, Urbanczik R, Perkins MD, Aziz MA, Pai M. Yield of serial sputum specimen examinations in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 May; 11(5):485-95.
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      58. Pai M, Daley P, Hopewell PC. International standards for tuberculosis care: relevance and implications for laboratory professionals. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2007 Apr; 25(2):89-92.
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      59. Wu B, Huang C, Kato-Maeda M, Hopewell PC, Daley CL, Krensky AM, Clayberger C. Messenger RNA expression of IL-8, FOXP3, and IL-12beta differentiates latent tuberculosis infection from disease. J Immunol. 2007 Mar 15; 178(6):3688-94.
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      60. Nahid P, Gonzalez LC, Rudoy I, de Jong BC, Unger A, Kawamura LM, Osmond DH, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Treatment outcomes of patients with HIV and tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Jun 1; 175(11):1199-206.
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      61. Fair E, Hopewell PC, Pai M. International Standards for Tuberculosis Care: revisiting the cornerstones of tuberculosis care and control. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2007 Feb; 5(1):61-5.
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      62. Hopewell PC, Pai M, Maher D, Uplekar M, Raviglione MC. International standards for tuberculosis care. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Nov; 6(11):710-25.
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      63. Migliori GB, Hopewell PC, Blasi F, Spanevello A, Raviglione MC. Improving the TB case management: The International Standards for Tuberculosis Care. Eur Respir J. 2006 Oct; 28(4):687-90.
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      64. Steingart KR, Ng V, Henry M, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Cunningham J, Urbanczik R, Perkins MD, Aziz MA, Pai M. Sputum processing methods to improve the sensitivity of smear microscopy for tuberculosis: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Oct; 6(10):664-74.
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      65. Steingart KR, Henry M, Ng V, Hopewell PC, Ramsay A, Cunningham J, Urbanczik R, Perkins M, Aziz MA, Pai M. Fluorescence versus conventional sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Sep; 6(9):570-81.
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      66. Hopewell PC, Migliori GB, Raviglione MC. Tuberculosis care and control. Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Jun; 84(6):428.
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      67. Cattamanchi A, Hopewell PC, Gonzalez LC, Osmond DH, Masae Kawamura L, Daley CL, Jasmer RM. A 13-year molecular epidemiological analysis of tuberculosis in San Francisco. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Mar; 10(3):297-304.
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      68. Gagneux S, DeRiemer K, Van T, Kato-Maeda M, de Jong BC, Narayanan S, Nicol M, Niemann S, Kremer K, Gutierrez MC, Hilty M, Hopewell PC, Small PM. Variable host-pathogen compatibility in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Feb 21; 103(8):2869-73.
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      69. Nahid P, Pai M, Hopewell PC. Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2006; 3(1):103-10.
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      70. Tappero JW, Bradford WZ, Agerton TB, Hopewell P, Reingold AL, Lockman S, Oyewo A, Talbot EA, Kenyon TA, Moeti TL, Moffat HJ, Peloquin CA. Serum concentrations of antimycobacterial drugs in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Botswana. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Aug 15; 41(4):461-9.
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      71. Chambers HF, Turner J, Schecter GF, Kawamura M, Hopewell PC. Imipenem for treatment of tuberculosis in mice and humans. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2005 Jul; 49(7):2816-21.
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      72. Hopewell PC, Pai M. Tuberculosis, vulnerability, and access to quality care. JAMA. 2005 Jun 8; 293(22):2790-3.
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      73. Burgos M, Gonzalez LC, Paz EA, Gournis E, Kawamura LM, Schecter G, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in San Francisco: an outpatient-based approach. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 1; 40(7):968-75.
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      74. Jasmer RM, Snyder DC, Saukkonen JJ, Hopewell PC, Bernardo J, King MD, Kawamura LM, Daley CL. Short-course rifampin and pyrazinamide compared with isoniazid for latent tuberculosis infection: a cost-effectiveness analysis based on a multicenter clinical trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 1; 38(3):363-9.
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      75. Burgos M, DeRiemer K, Small PM, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Effect of drug resistance on the generation of secondary cases of tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 15; 188(12):1878-84.
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      76. Ong A, Creasman J, Hopewell PC, Gonzalez LC, Wong M, Jasmer RM, Daley CL. A molecular epidemiological assessment of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in San Francisco. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jan 1; 38(1):25-31.
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      77. Blumberg HM, Burman WJ, Chaisson RE, Daley CL, Etkind SC, Friedman LN, Fujiwara P, Grzemska M, Hopewell PC, Iseman MD, Jasmer RM, Koppaka V, Menzies RI, O'Brien RJ, Reves RR, Reichman LB, Simone PM, Starke JR, Vernon AA. American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America: treatment of tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Feb 15; 167(4):603-62.
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      78. Jasmer RM, Nahid P, Hopewell PC. Clinical practice. Latent tuberculosis infection. N Engl J Med. 2002 Dec 5; 347(23):1860-6.
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      79. Jasmer RM, Saukkonen JJ, Blumberg HM, Daley CL, Bernardo J, Vittinghoff E, King MD, Kawamura LM, Hopewell PC. Short-course rifampin and pyrazinamide compared with isoniazid for latent tuberculosis infection: a multicenter clinical trial. Ann Intern Med. 2002 Oct 15; 137(8):640-7.
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      80. Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis control: how the world has changed since 1990. Bull World Health Organ. 2002; 80(6):427.
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      81. Poole WK, Perritt R, Shah KB, Lou Y, Turner J, Kvale P, Hopewell PC, Glassroth J, Rosen M, Reichman L, Wallace J. A characterisation of patient drop outs in a cohort of HIV positive homosexual/bisexual men and intravenous drug users. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 Jan; 55(1):66-7.
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      82. Rhee JT, Tanaka MM, Behr MA, Agasino CB, Paz EA, Hopewell PC, Small PM. Use of multiple markers in population-based molecular epidemiologic studies of tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Dec; 4(12):1111-9.
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      83. Hopewell PC. Targeting tuberculosis prevention. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Dec; 162(6):2017-8.
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      84. Jasmer RM, Snyder DC, Chin DP, Hopewell PC, Cuthbert SS, Antonio Paz E, Daley CL. Twelve months of isoniazid compared with four months of isoniazid and rifampin for persons with radiographic evidence of previous tuberculosis: an outcome and cost-effectiveness analysis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Nov; 162(5):1648-52.
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      85. Moss AR, Hahn JA, Tulsky JP, Daley CL, Small PM, Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis in the homeless. A prospective study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Aug; 162(2 Pt 1):460-4.
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      86. Morris AM, Huang L, Bacchetti P, Turner J, Hopewell PC, Wallace JM, Kvale PA, Rosen MJ, Glassroth J, Reichman LB, Stansell JD. Permanent declines in pulmonary function following pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons. The Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Aug; 162(2 Pt 1):612-6.
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      87. Borgdorff MW, Behr MA, Nagelkerke NJ, Hopewell PC, Small PM. Transmission of tuberculosis in San Francisco and its association with immigration and ethnicity. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Apr; 4(4):287-94.
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      88. Hopewell PC. Translating discoveries into control of tuberculosis in HIV-infected persons. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Feb; 4(2 Suppl 1):S82-7.
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      89. Osmond DH, Chin DP, Glassroth J, Kvale PA, Wallace JM, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB, Poole WK, Hopewell PC. Impact of bacterial pneumonia and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia on human immunodeficiency virus disease progression. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Study Group. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Sep; 29(3):536-43.
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      90. Jasmer RM, Hahn JA, Small PM, Daley CL, Behr MA, Moss AR, Creasman JM, Schecter GF, Paz EA, Hopewell PC. A molecular epidemiologic analysis of tuberculosis trends in San Francisco, 1991-1997. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Jun 15; 130(12):971-8.
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      91. DeRiemer K, Rudoy I, Schecter GF, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. The epidemiology of tuberculosis diagnosed after death in San Francisco, 1986-1995. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Jun; 3(6):488-93.
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      92. Yeh RW, Hopewell PC, Daley CL. Simultaneous infection with two strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis identified by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Jun; 3(6):537-9.
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      93. Huang L, Stansell J, Osmond D, Turner J, Shafer KP, Fulkerson W, Kvale P, Wallace J, Rosen M, Glassroth J, Reichman L, Hopewell P. Performance of an algorithm to detect Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in symptomatic HIV-infected persons. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Chest. 1999 Apr; 115(4):1025-32.
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      94. Hopewell PC. Global tuberculosis control: an optimist's perspective. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Apr; 3(4):270-2.
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      95. Behr MA, Warren SA, Salamon H, Hopewell PC, Ponce de Leon A, Daley CL, Small PM. Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients smear-negative for acid-fast bacilli. Lancet. 1999 Feb 6; 353(9151):444-9.
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      96. Chin DP, DeRiemer K, Small PM, de Leon AP, Steinhart R, Schecter GF, Daley CL, Moss AR, Paz EA, Jasmer RM, Agasino CB, Hopewell PC. Differences in contributing factors to tuberculosis incidence in U.S. -born and foreign-born persons. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Dec; 158(6):1797-803.
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      97. Lobato MN, Hopewell PC. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection after travel to or contact with visitors from countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Dec; 158(6):1871-5.
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      98. Lobato MN, Loeffler AM, Furst K, Cole B, Hopewell PC. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in gastric aspirates collected from children: hospitalization is not necessary. Pediatrics. 1998 Oct; 102(4):E40.
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      99. Behr MA, Hopewell PC, Paz EA, Kawamura LM, Schecter GF, Small PM. Predictive value of contact investigation for identifying recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Aug; 158(2):465-9.
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      100. Wallace JM, Lim R, Browdy BL, Hopewell PC, Glassroth J, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB, Kvale PA. Risk factors and outcomes associated with identification of Aspergillus in respiratory specimens from persons with HIV disease. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1):131-7.
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      101. Bradford WZ, Koehler J, El-Hajj H, Hopewell PC, Reingold AL, Agasino CB, Cave MD, Rane S, Yang Z, Crane CM, Small PM. Dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis across the San Francisco Bay Area. J Infect Dis. 1998 Apr; 177(4):1104-7.
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      102. Yeh RW, Ponce de Leon A, Agasino CB, Hahn JA, Daley CL, Hopewell PC, Small PM. Stability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA genotypes. J Infect Dis. 1998 Apr; 177(4):1107-11.
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      103. Chambers HF, Kocagöz T, Sipit T, Turner J, Hopewell PC. Activity of amoxicillin/clavulanate in patients with tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Apr; 26(4):874-7.
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      104. Hopewell PC. Using conventional and molecular epidemiological analyses to target tuberculosis control interventions in a low incidence area. Novartis Found Symp. 1998; 217:42-54; discussion 54-6.
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      105. Daley CL, Hahn JA, Moss AR, Hopewell PC, Schecter GF. Incidence of tuberculosis in injection drug users in San Francisco: impact of anergy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Jan; 157(1):19-22.
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      106. Jasmer RM, Ponce de Leon A, Hopewell PC, Alarcon RG, Moss AR, Paz EA, Schecter GF, Small PM. Tuberculosis in Mexican-born persons in San Francisco: reactivation, acquired infection and transmission. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1997 Dec; 1(6):536-41.
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      107. Mazurek GH, Chin DP, Hartman S, Reddy V, Horsburgh CR, Green TA, Yajko DM, Hopewell PC, Reingold AL, Crawford JT. Genetic similarity among Mycobacterium avium isolates from blood, stool, and sputum of persons with AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1997 Oct; 176(4):976-83.
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      108. Gruden JF, Huang L, Turner J, Webb WR, Merrifield C, Stansell JD, Gamsu G, Hopewell PC. High-resolution CT in the evaluation of clinically suspected Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS patients with normal, equivocal, or nonspecific radiographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Oct; 169(4):967-75.
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      109. Johnson CC, Wilcosky T, Kvale P, Rosen M, Stansell J, Glassroth J, Reichman L, Wallace J, Markowitz N, Thompson JE, Hopewell P. Cancer incidence among an HIV-infected cohort. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep 15; 146(6):470-5.
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      110. Markowitz N, Hansen NI, Hopewell PC, Glassroth J, Kvale PA, Mangura BT, Wilcosky TC, Wallace JM, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB. Incidence of tuberculosis in the United States among HIV-infected persons. The Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Jan 15; 126(2):123-32.
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      111. Stansell JD, Osmond DH, Charlebois E, LaVange L, Wallace JM, Alexander BV, Glassroth J, Kvale PA, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB, Turner JR, Hopewell PC. Predictors of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected persons. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jan; 155(1):60-6.
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      112. Rosen MJ, Clayton K, Schneider RF, Fulkerson W, Rao AV, Stansell J, Kvale PA, Glassroth J, Reichman LB, Wallace JM, Hopewell PC. Intensive care of patients with HIV infection: utilization, critical illnesses, and outcomes. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jan; 155(1):67-71.
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      113. Wallace JM, Hansen NI, Lavange L, Glassroth J, Browdy BL, Rosen MJ, Kvale PA, Mangura BT, Reichman LB, Hopewell PC. Respiratory disease trends in the Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study cohort. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jan; 155(1):72-80.
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      114. Chin DP, Hopewell PC. Mycobacterial complications of HIV infection. Clin Chest Med. 1996 Dec; 17(4):697-711.
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      115. Bradford WZ, Martin JN, Reingold AL, Schecter GF, Hopewell PC, Small PM. The changing epidemiology of acquired drug-resistant tuberculosis in San Francisco, USA. Lancet. 1996 Oct 5; 348(9032):928-31.
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      116. Poole WK, Fulkerson W, Lou Y, Kvale P, Hopewell PC, Hirschtick R, Glassroth J, Rosen M, Mangura B, Wallace J, Markowitz N. Overall and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of homo-/bisexual men, injecting drug users, and female partners of HIV-infected men. Pulmonary Complications of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Study Group. AIDS. 1996 Sep; 10(11):1257-64.
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      117. Blower SM, Small PM, Hopewell PC. Control strategies for tuberculosis epidemics: new models for old problems. Science. 1996 Jul 26; 273(5274):497-500.
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      118. Chin DP, Osmond D, Page-Shafer K, Glassroth J, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB, Kvale PA, Wallace JM, Poole WK, Hopewell PC. Reliability of anergy skin testing in persons with HIV infection. The pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Jun; 153(6 Pt 1):1982-4.
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      119. Huang L, Schnapp LM, Gruden JF, Hopewell PC, Stansell JD. Presentation of AIDS-related pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma diagnosed by bronchoscopy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Apr; 153(4 Pt 1):1385-90.
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      120. Schneider RF, Hansen NI, Rosen MJ, Kvale PA, Fulkerson WJ, Goodman P, Meiselman L, Glassroth J, Reichman LB, Wallace JM, Hopewell PC. Lack of usefulness of radiographic screening for pulmonary disease in asymptomatic HIV-infected adults. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Jan 22; 156(2):191-5.
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      121. Hopewell PC. Mycobacterium tuberculosis--an emerging pathogen? West J Med. 1996 Jan; 164(1):33-5.
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      122. Amdahl BM, Rubins JB, Daley CL, Gilks CF, Hopewell PC, Janoff EN. Impaired natural immunity to pneumolysin during human immunodeficiency virus infection in the United States and Africa. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Dec; 152(6 Pt 1):2000-4.
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      123. Chin DP, Hopewell PC. How to treat bacteraemic Mycobacterium avium complex disease. Lancet. 1995 Oct 7; 346(8980):920-1.
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      124. Hirschtick RE, Glassroth J, Jordan MC, Wilcosky TC, Wallace JM, Kvale PA, Markowitz N, Rosen MJ, Mangura BT, Hopewell PC. Bacterial pneumonia in persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1995 Sep 28; 333(13):845-51.
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      125. Hopewell PC. Immigrants and tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 1995 Sep 7; 333(10):667-8; author reply 668-9.
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      126. Blower SM, McLean AR, Porco TC, Small PM, Hopewell PC, Sanchez MA, Moss AR. The intrinsic transmission dynamics of tuberculosis epidemics. Nat Med. 1995 Aug; 1(8):815-21.
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      127. Opstad NL, Daley CL, Thurn JR, Rubins JB, Merrifield C, Hopewell PC, Janoff EN. Impact of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 on oral mucosal immunity. J Infect Dis. 1995 Aug; 172(2):566-70.
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      128. Rosen MJ, Lou Y, Kvale PA, Rao AV, Jordan MC, Miller A, Glassroth J, Reichman LB, Wallace JM, Hopewell PC. Pulmonary function tests in HIV-infected patients without AIDS. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Aug; 152(2):738-45.
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      129. Hopewell PC. A clinical view of tuberculosis. Radiol Clin North Am. 1995 Jul; 33(4):641-53.
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      130. Huang L, Hecht FM, Stansell JD, Montanti R, Hadley WK, Hopewell PC. Suspected Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with a negative induced sputum examination. Is early bronchoscopy useful? Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jun; 151(6):1866-71.
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      131. Chin DP, Yajko DM, Hadley WK, Sanders CA, Nassos PS, Madej JJ, Hopewell PC. Clinical utility of a commercial test based on the polymerase chain reaction for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory specimens. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jun; 151(6):1872-7.
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      132. Yajko DM, Chin DP, Gonzalez PC, Nassos PS, Hopewell PC, Reingold AL, Horsburgh CR, Yakrus MA, Ostroff SM, Hadley WK. Mycobacterium avium complex in water, food, and soil samples collected from the environment of HIV-infected individuals. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Jun 1; 9(2):176-82.
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      133. Gruden JF, Huang L, Webb WR, Gamsu G, Hopewell PC, Sides DM. AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma of the lung: radiographic findings and staging system with bronchoscopic correlation. Radiology. 1995 May; 195(2):545-52.
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      134. Hopewell PC. The baby and the bath water. The case for retaining categorical services for tuberculosis control in a reformed health care system. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Oct; 150(4):895.
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      135. Chin DP, Reingold AL, Stone EN, Vittinghoff E, Horsburgh CR, Simon EM, Yajko DM, Hadley WK, Ostroff SM, Hopewell PC. The impact of Mycobacterium avium complex bacteremia and its treatment on survival of AIDS patients--a prospective study. J Infect Dis. 1994 Sep; 170(3):578-84.
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      136. Glassroth J, Jordan M, Wallace JM, Kvale PA, Follmann DA, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB, Mossar M, Hopewell PC. Use of preventive interventions by persons infected with type-1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). The Pulmonary Complications of HIV Study Group. Am J Prev Med. 1994 Sep-Oct; 10(5):259-66.
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      137. Horsburgh CR, Chin DP, Yajko DM, Hopewell PC, Nassos PS, Elkin EP, Hadley WK, Stone EN, Simon EM, Gonzalez P, et al. Environmental risk factors for acquisition of Mycobacterium avium complex in persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1994 Aug; 170(2):362-7.
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      138. Small PM, Hopewell PC, Singh SP, Paz A, Parsonnet J, Ruston DC, Schecter GF, Daley CL, Schoolnik GK. The epidemiology of tuberculosis in San Francisco. A population-based study using conventional and molecular methods. N Engl J Med. 1994 Jun 16; 330(24):1703-9.
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      139. Bass JB, Farer LS, Hopewell PC, O'Brien R, Jacobs RF, Ruben F, Snider DE, Thornton G. Treatment of tuberculosis and tuberculosis infection in adults and children. American Thoracic Society and The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 May; 149(5):1359-74.
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      140. Chin DP, Hopewell PC, Yajko DM, Vittinghoff E, Horsburgh CR, Hadley WK, Stone EN, Nassos PS, Ostroff SM, Jacobson MA, et al. Mycobacterium avium complex in the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract and the risk of M. avium complex bacteremia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1994 Feb; 169(2):289-95.
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      141. Small PM, Hopewell PC, Schecter GF, Chaisson RE, Goodman PC. Evolution of chest radiographs in treated patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and HIV infection. J Thorac Imaging. 1994; 9(2):74-7.
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      142. Wallace JM, Rao AV, Glassroth J, Hansen NI, Rosen MJ, Arakaki C, Kvale PA, Reichman LB, Hopewell PC. Respiratory illness in persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. The Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Dec; 148(6 Pt 1):1523-9.
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      143. Kvale PA, Rosen MJ, Hopewell PC, Markowitz N, Hansen N, Reichman LB, Wallace JM, Glassroth J, Fulkerson W, Meiselman L. A decline in the pulmonary diffusing capacity does not indicate opportunistic lung disease in asymptomatic persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Aug; 148(2):390-5.
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      144. Markowitz N, Hansen NI, Wilcosky TC, Hopewell PC, Glassroth J, Kvale PA, Mangura BT, Osmond D, Wallace JM, Rosen MJ, Reichman LB. Tuberculin and anergy testing in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative persons. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Aug 1; 119(3):185-93.
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      145. Ng VL, Geaghan SM, Leoung G, Shiboski S, Fahy J, Schnapp L, Yajko DM, Hopewell PC, Hadley WK. Lack of effect of prophylactic aerosolized pentamidine on the detection of Pneumocystis carinii in induced sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage specimens. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1993 May; 117(5):493-6.
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      146. Small PM, Shafer RW, Hopewell PC, Singh SP, Murphy MJ, Desmond E, Sierra MF, Schoolnik GK. Exogenous reinfection with multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients with advanced HIV infection. N Engl J Med. 1993 Apr 22; 328(16):1137-44.
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      147. Yajko DM, Nassos PS, Sanders CA, Gonzalez PC, Reingold AL, Horsburgh CR, Hopewell PC, Chin DP, Hadley WK. Comparison of four decontamination methods for recovery of Mycobacterium avium complex from stools. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Feb; 31(2):302-6.
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      148. Hopewell P, Cynamon M, Starke J, Iseman M, O'Brien R. Evaluation of new anti-infective drugs for the treatment and prevention of infections caused by the Mycobacterium avium complex. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Food and Drug Administration. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Nov; 15 Suppl 1:S296-306.
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      149. Hopewell P, Cynamon M, Starke J, Iseman M, O'Brien R. Evaluation of new anti-infective drugs for the treatment of disease caused by Mycobacterium kansasii and other mycobacteria. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Food and Drug Administration. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Nov; 15 Suppl 1:S307-12.
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      150. Hopewell P, Cynamon M, Starke J, Iseman M, O'Brien R. Evaluation of new anti-infective drugs for the treatment and prevention of tuberculosis. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Food and Drug Administration. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Nov; 15 Suppl 1:S282-95.
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      151. Fahy JV, Chin DP, Schnapp LM, Steiger DJ, Schaumberg TH, Geaghan SM, Klein JS, Hopewell PC. Effect of aerosolized pentamidine prophylaxis on the clinical severity and diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Oct; 146(4):844-8.
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      152. Hopewell PC. Impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection on the epidemiology, clinical features, management, and control of tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Sep; 15(3):540-7.
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      153. Janoff EN, Breiman RF, Daley CL, Hopewell PC. Pneumococcal disease during HIV infection. Epidemiologic, clinical, and immunologic perspectives. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Aug 15; 117(4):314-24.
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      154. Schnapp LM, Geaghan SM, Campagna A, Fahy J, Steiger D, Ng V, Hadley WK, Hopewell PC, Stansell JD. Toxoplasma gondii pneumonitis in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Arch Intern Med. 1992 May; 152(5):1073-7.
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      155. Daley CL, Small PM, Schecter GF, Schoolnik GK, McAdam RA, Jacobs WR, Hopewell PC. An outbreak of tuberculosis with accelerated progression among persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. An analysis using restriction-fragment-length polymorphisms. N Engl J Med. 1992 Jan 23; 326(4):231-5.
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      156. Wachter RM, Luce JM, Hopewell PC. Critical care of patients with AIDS. JAMA. 1992 Jan 22-29; 267(4):541-7.
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      157. Jacobson MA, Hopewell PC, Yajko DM, Hadley WK, Lazarus E, Mohanty PK, Modin GW, Feigal DW, Cusick PS, Sande MA. Natural history of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1991 Nov; 164(5):994-8.
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      158. Gordin FM, Perez-Stable EJ, Reid M, Schecter G, Cosgriff L, Flaherty D, Hopewell PC. Stability of positive tuberculin tests: are boosted reactions valid? Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Sep; 144(3 Pt 1):560-3.
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      159. Jacobson MA, Mills J, Rush J, Peiperl L, Seru V, Mohanty PK, Hopewell PC, Hadley WK, Broadus VC, Leoung G, et al. Morbidity and mortality of patients with AIDS and first-episode Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia unaffected by concomitant pulmonary cytomegalovirus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Jul; 144(1):6-9.
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      160. Small PM, Schecter GF, Goodman PC, Sande MA, Chaisson RE, Hopewell PC. [HIV infection and tuberculosis]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1991 Jun 7; 116(23):919.
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      161. Small PM, Schecter GF, Goodman PC, Sande MA, Chaisson RE, Hopewell PC. Treatment of tuberculosis in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1991 Jan 31; 324(5):289-94.
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      162. Medina I, Mills J, Leoung G, Hopewell PC, Lee B, Modin G, Benowitz N, Wofsy CB. Oral therapy for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A controlled trial of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus trimethoprim-dapsone. N Engl J Med. 1990 Sep 20; 323(12):776-82.
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      163. Theuer CP, Hopewell PC, Elias D, Schecter GF, Rutherford GW, Chaisson RE. Human immunodeficiency virus infection in tuberculosis patients. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jul; 162(1):8-12.
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      164. Glassroth J, Bailey WC, Hopewell PC, Schecter G, Harden JW. Why tuberculosis is not prevented. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 May; 141(5 Pt 1):1236-40.
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      165. Rush JD, Ng VL, Hopewell PC, Hadley WK, Mills J. Comparative recovery of cytomegalovirus from saliva, mucolysed induced sputum, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients at risk for or with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Dec; 27(12):2864-5.
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      166. Hopewell PC. Prevention of lung infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Thorax. 1989 Dec; 44(12):1038-44.
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      167. Pérez-Stable EJ, Hopewell PC. Current tuberculosis treatment regimens. Choosing the right one for your patient. Clin Chest Med. 1989 Sep; 10(3):323-39.
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      168. Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Semin Respir Infect. 1989 Jun; 4(2):111-22.
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      169. Hopewell PC. Human immunodeficiency virus--associated lung infection: an overview. Semin Respir Infect. 1989 Jun; 4(2):73-4.
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      170. Gordin FM, Slutkin G, Schecter G, Goodman PC, Hopewell PC. Presumptive diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis based on radiographic findings. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 May; 139(5):1090-3.
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      171. Ng VL, Gartner I, Weymouth LA, Goodman CD, Hopewell PC, Hadley WK. The use of mucolysed induced sputum for the identification of pulmonary pathogens associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1989 May; 113(5):488-93.
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      172. Montgomery AB, Feigal DW, Luce JM, Hopewell PC, Hoth DF, Myers MW, Feinberg JE, Mills J, Sattler FR. Aerosolized pentamidine and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Apr 15; 110(8):669.
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      173. Montgomery AB, Debs RJ, Luce JM, Corkery KJ, Turner J, Hopewell PC. Aerosolized pentamidine as second line therapy in patients with AIDS and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Chest. 1989 Apr; 95(4):747-50.
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      174. Slutkin G, Schecter GF, Hopewell PC. The results of 9-month isoniazid-rifampin therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis under program conditions in San Francisco. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Dec; 138(6):1622-4.
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      175. Mills J, Leoung G, Medina I, Hopewell PC, Hughes WT, Wofsy C. Dapsone treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1988 Jul; 32(7):1057-60.
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      176. Luce JM, Wachter RM, Hopewell PC. Intensive care of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: time for a reassessment? Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Jun; 137(6):1261-3.
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      177. Hopewell PC. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: diagnosis. J Infect Dis. 1988 Jun; 157(6):1115-9.
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      178. Dean NC, Golden JA, Evans LA, Warnock ML, Addison TE, Hopewell PC, Levy JA. Human immunodeficiency virus recovery from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with AIDS. Chest. 1988 Jun; 93(6):1176-9.
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      179. Grossman M, Hopewell PC, Jacobs RF, Kendig EL, Smith MH. Consensus: management of tuberculin-positive children without evidence of disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1988 Apr; 7(4):243-6.
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      180. Perez-Stable EJ, Flaherty D, Schecter G, Slutkin G, Hopewell PC. Conversion and reversion of tuberculin reactions in nursing home residents. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Apr; 137(4):801-4.
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      181. Milligan SA, Luce JM, Golden J, Stulbarg M, Hopewell PC. Transbronchial biopsy without fluoroscopy in patients with diffuse roentgenographic infiltrates and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Feb; 137(2):486-8.
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      182. Montgomery AB, Debs RJ, Luce JM, Corkery KJ, Turner J, Brunette EN, Lin ET, Hopewell PC. Selective delivery of pentamidine to the lung by aerosol. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Feb; 137(2):477-8.
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      183. Kaplan LD, Hopewell PC, Jaffe H, Goodman PC, Bottles K, Volberding PA. Kaposi's sarcoma involving the lung in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1988; 1(1):23-30.
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      184. Wachter RM, Cooke M, Hopewell PC, Luce JM. Attitudes of medical residents regarding intensive care for patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Jan; 148(1):149-52.
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      185. Gordin FM, Perez-Stable EJ, Flaherty D, Reid ME, Schecter G, Joe L, Slutkin G, Hopewell PC. Evaluation of a third sequential tuberculin skin test in a chronic care population. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Jan; 137(1):153-7.
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      186. Chaisson RE, Hopewell PC. Empiric diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia. JAMA. 1987 Dec 18; 258(23):3385.
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      187. Lo B, Raffin TA, Cohen NH, Wachter RM, Luce JM, Hopewell PC. Ethical dilemmas about intensive care for patients with AIDS. Rev Infect Dis. 1987 Nov-Dec; 9(6):1163-7.
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      188. Chaisson RE, Schecter GF, Theuer CP, Rutherford GW, Echenberg DF, Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinical features, response to therapy, and survival. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Sep; 136(3):570-4.
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      189. Montgomery AB, Debs RJ, Luce JM, Corkery KJ, Turner J, Brunette EN, Lin ET, Hopewell PC. Aerosolised pentamidine as sole therapy for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Lancet. 1987 Aug 29; 2(8557):480-3.
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      190. Murray JF, Garay SM, Hopewell PC, Mills J, Snider GL, Stover DE. NHLBI workshop summary. Pulmonary complications of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: an update. Report of the second National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute workshop. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Feb; 135(2):504-9.
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      191. Wachter RM, Luce JM, Turner J, Volberding P, Hopewell PC. Intensive care of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Outcome and changing patterns of utilization. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Nov; 134(5):891-6.
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      192. Sullam PM, Slutkin G, Hopewell PC. The benefits of evaluating close associates of child tuberculin reactors from a high prevalence group. Am J Public Health. 1986 Sep; 76(9):1109-11.
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      193. Wharton JM, Coleman DL, Wofsy CB, Luce JM, Blumenfeld W, Hadley WK, Ingram-Drake L, Volberding PA, Hopewell PC. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or pentamidine for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A prospective randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 1986 Jul; 105(1):37-44.
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      194. Coates SR, Hansen D, Schecter G, Slutkin G, Hopewell P, Affronti L, Echenberg DF. Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens in Seibert fractions by immunoblotting. J Clin Microbiol. 1986 Jul; 24(1):126-30.
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      195. Leoung GS, Mills J, Hopewell PC, Hughes W, Wofsy C. Dapsone-trimethoprim for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1986 Jul; 105(1):45-8.
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      196. Perez-Stable EJ, Slutkin G, Paz EA, Hopewell PC. Tuberculin reactivity in United States and foreign-born Latinos: results of a community-based screening program. Am J Public Health. 1986 Jun; 76(6):643-6.
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      197. Hopewell PC, Ganter B, Baron RB, Sanchez-Hernandez M. Operational evaluation of treatment for tuberculosis. Results of 8- and 12-month regimens in Peru. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1985 Oct; 132(4):737-41.
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      198. Broaddus C, Dake MD, Stulbarg MS, Blumenfeld W, Hadley WK, Golden JA, Hopewell PC. Bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy for the diagnosis of pulmonary infections in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1985 Jun; 102(6):747-52.
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      199. Bailey WC, Byrd RB, Glassroth JL, Hopewell PC, Reichman LB. Preventive treatment of tuberculosis. Chest. 1985 Feb; 87(2 Suppl):128S-132S.
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      200. Gerberding JL, Hopewell PC, Kaminsky LS, Sande MA. Transmission of hepatitis B without transmission of AIDS by accidental needlestick. N Engl J Med. 1985 Jan 3; 312(1):56-7.
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      201. Luce JM, Hopewell PC. The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a San Francisco perspective. Intensive Care Med. 1985; 11(4):172-3.
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      202. Murray JF, Felton CP, Garay SM, Gottlieb MS, Hopewell PC, Stover DE, Teirstein AS. Pulmonary complications of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Report of a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute workshop. N Engl J Med. 1984 Jun 21; 310(25):1682-8.
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      203. Hopewell PC, Sanchez-Hernandez M, Baron RB, Ganter B. Operational evaluation of treatment for tuberculosis. Results of a "standard" 12-month regimen in Peru. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1984 Mar; 129(3):439-43.
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      204. Huchon GJ, Hopewell PC, Murray JF. Interactions between permeability and hydrostatic pressure in perfused dogs' lungs. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1981 Apr; 50(4):905-11.
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      205. Andrew OT, Schoenfeld PY, Hopewell PC, Humphreys MH. Tuberculosis in patients with end-stage renal disease. Am J Med. 1980 Jan; 68(1):59-65.
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      206. Vozeh S, Powell JR, Riegelman S, Costello JF, Sheiner LB, Hopewell PC. Changes in theophylline clearance during acute illness. JAMA. 1978 Oct 20; 240(17):1882-4.
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      207. Hopewell PC. Adult respiratory distress syndrome: what to do until the basic scientist comes. West J Med. 1978 May; 128(5):435-6.
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      208. Leff A, Hopewell PC, Costello J. Pleural effusion from malignancy. Ann Intern Med. 1978 Apr; 88(4):532-7.
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      209. Reichman LB, Felton CP, Hammarsten JF, Herhfield ES, Hsu KH, Hopewell PC, Smyth RG, Turner JA, Farer LS, Ashley MJ, Wennesland K. Tuberculosis in the foreign born. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1977 Sep; 116(3):561-4.
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      210. Hopewell PC, Murray JF. Effects of continuous positive-pressure ventilation in experimental pulmonary edema. J Appl Physiol. 1976 Apr; 40(4):568-74.
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      211. Hopewell PC, Murray JF. The adult respiratory distress syndrome. Annu Rev Med. 1976; 27:343-56.
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      212. Johnston RF, Hopewell PC. Chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis. Ann Intern Med. 1969 Feb; 70(2):359-67.
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