Eva Raphael, MD, MPH

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Epidemiology & Biostatistics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th Street, #2762
San Francisco CA 94158
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, Berkeley, CABA2006Molecular and Cell Biology
    University of California, Berkeley, CAMPH2008Environmental Health Sciences
    Emory UniversityMD2015Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2018Family and Community Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2021Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2021FCM Excellence in Student Teaching Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Raphael is a family physician and clinician investigator in the Departments of Epidemiology & Biostatistics and Family & Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. Her research interest focuses on the social and environmental drivers of community-onset drug-resistant bacterial infections. She studies one of the most common infections of women—urinary tract infections (UTI)--using infectious disease, social, and spatial epidemiology methods. Her other projects include studying disease burden in immigrant populations and social inequities associated with COVID-19 infections. She has a primary care practice at the Family Health Center, San Francisco General Hospital.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Community-onset urinary tract infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in women of diverse backgrounds
    NIH/NIAID K23AI166030Dec 1, 2021 - Nov 30, 2026
    Role: PI
    Prevalence and Distribution of Antimicrobial Resistant Escherichia coli Causing Bacteriuria in Three Healthcare Settings and by Neighborhood in San Francisco
    NIH/NIDDK UCSF-Kaiser Urological Epidemiology Research Career Development Program K12DK111028 Jul 1, 2021 - Nov 30, 2021
    Role: K12 Scholar

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Antibiotic-Sparing Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections-New Evidence Regarding d-Mannose. JAMA Intern Med. 2024 Apr 08. Raphael E, Huang AJ. PMID: 38587814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Sex-stratified phenotyping of comorbidities associated with an inpatient delirium diagnosis using real world data. medRxiv. 2023 Nov 04. Kodama L, Woldemariam S, Tang A, Li Y, Oskotsky T, Raphael E, Sirota M. PMID: 37961487; PMCID: PMC10635265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Spatial clusters of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli causing community-onset bacteriuria due to repeat infections: cluster analysis from a large urban medical center, San Francisco, 2014-2020. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2023 10 20; 12(1):115. Raphael E, Inamdar PP, Belmont C, Shariff-Marco S, Huang AJ, Chambers HF. PMID: 37858209; PMCID: PMC10588154.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    4. Comparing the health of refugee and asylee patients with that of non-refugee immigrant and US-born patients in a large Urban clinic. BMC Public Health. 2023 07 27; 23(1):1438. Raphael E, Barton M, Jaradeh K, Dieterich C, Hamad R. PMID: 37501106; PMCID: PMC10373359.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Whole-Genome Sequencing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates from Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Microorganisms. 2023 Jul 26; 11(8). Shankaregowda R, Allegretti YH, Sumana MN, Rao MR, Raphael E, Mahesh PA, Riley LW. PMID: 37630441; PMCID: PMC10457832.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Multidrug Resistance of Escherichia coli From Outpatient Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in a Large United States Integrated Healthcare Organization. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Jul; 10(7):ofad287. Ku JH, Bruxvoort KJ, Salas SB, Varley CD, Casey JA, Raphael E, Robinson SC, Nachman KE, Lewin BJ, Contreras R, Wei RX, Pomichowski ME, Takhar HS, Tartof SY. PMID: 37426945; PMCID: PMC10326677.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    7. Spatial clusters of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli causing community-onset bacteriuria due to repeat infections: cluster analysis from a large urban medical center, San Francisco, 2014-2020. Res Sq. 2023 May 22. Raphael E, Inamdar PP, Belmont C, Shariff-Marco S, Huang A, Chambers H. PMID: 37292942; PMCID: PMC10246249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Racial and sociodemographic predictors of COVID-19 compared with influenza, appendicitis, and all-cause hospitalization: retrospective cohort analysis. Ethn Health. 2023 08; 28(6):836-852. Raphael E, Azar KMJ, Gu D, Shen Z, Rubinsky A, Wang M, Pantell M, Lyles CR, Fernandez A, Bibbins-Domingo K, Pressman A, Nasrallah C, Hamad R. PMID: 36907661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Prevalence of otolaryngological disease in a refugee population compared to US-born patients. Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol. 2023 Apr; 8(2):394-400. Jaradeh K, Tang A, Czechowicz JA, Jacobson L, Raphael E. PMID: 37090888; PMCID: PMC10116955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. Hearing Loss Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for Refugees and Asylees in an Urban Clinic, 2014-2017. OTO Open. 2022 Oct-Dec; 6(4):2473974X221132509. Jaradeh K, Liao E, Dieterich C, Truong S, Anand P, Chan DK, Raphael E. PMID: 36544570; PMCID: PMC9761227.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. Interpersonal violence and painful bladder symptoms in community-dwelling midlife to older women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 02; 226(2):230.e1-230.e10. Raphael E, Van Den Eeden SK, Gibson CJ, Tonner C, Thom DH, Subak L, Huang AJ. PMID: 34555321; PMCID: PMC8923635.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Trends in prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolated from patients with community- and healthcare-associated bacteriuria: results from 2014 to 2020 in an urban safety-net healthcare system. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2021 08 11; 10(1):118. Raphael E, Glymour MM, Chambers HF. PMID: 34380549; PMCID: PMC8359060.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    13. Sociodemographic Inequalities in Urinary Tract Infection in 2 Large California Health Systems. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Jun; 8(6):ofab276. Casey JA, Rudolph KE, Robinson SC, Bruxvoort K, Raphael E, Hong V, Pressman A, Morello-Frosch R, Wei RX, Tartof SY. PMID: 34189179; PMCID: PMC8231389.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    14. Differential Trends in Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli Infections in Four Health Care Facilities in a Single Metropolitan Area: A Retrospective Analysis. Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Feb; 27(2):154-161. Raphael E, Chambers HF. PMID: 32589493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Neighborhood Deprivation and Mental Health Among Immigrants to Sweden. Epidemiology. 2020 05; 31(3):e25-e27. Raphael E, White JS, Li X, Cederin K, Glymour MM, Sundquist K, Sundquist J, Hamad R. PMID: 31977591; PMCID: PMC7138696.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Cross-sectional analysis of place-based and racial disparities in hospitalisation rates by disease category in California in 2001 and 2011. BMJ Open. 2019 10 28; 9(10):e031556. Raphael E, Gaynes R, Hamad R. PMID: 31662392; PMCID: PMC6830629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Infections Caused by Antimicrobial Drug-Resistant Saprophytic Gram-Negative Bacteria in the Environment. Front Med (Lausanne). 2017; 4:183. Raphael E, Riley LW. PMID: 29164118; PMCID: PMC5670356.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13  
    18. Identification of culturable vaginal Lactobacillus species among reproductive age women in Mysore, India. J Med Microbiol. 2015 Jun; 64(6):636-641. Madhivanan P, Alleyn HN, Raphael E, Krupp K, Ravi K, Nebhrajani R, Arun A, Reingold AL, Riley LW, Klausner JD. PMID: 25873579; PMCID: PMC4835975.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    19. Characterization of culturable vaginal Lactobacillus species among women with and without bacterial vaginosis from the United States and India: a cross-sectional study. J Med Microbiol. 2014 Jul; 63(Pt 7):931-935. Madhivanan P, Raphael E, Rumphs A, Krupp K, Ravi K, Srinivas V, Arun A, Reingold AL, Klausner JD, Riley LW. PMID: 24836413; PMCID: PMC4064353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Obesity in the United States - dysbiosis from exposure to low-dose antibiotics? Front Public Health. 2013; 1:69. Riley LW, Raphael E, Faerstein E. PMID: 24392444; PMCID: PMC3867737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    
    21. Globally dispersed mobile drug-resistance genes in gram-negative bacterial isolates from patients with bloodstream infections in a US urban general hospital. J Med Microbiol. 2012 Jul; 61(Pt 7):968-974. Adams-Sapper S, Sergeevna-Selezneva J, Tartof S, Raphael E, Diep BA, Perdreau-Remington F, Riley LW. PMID: 22493279; PMCID: PMC3542709.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. Extended-spectrum Beta-lactamase gene sequences in gram-negative saprophytes on retail organic and nonorganic spinach. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Mar; 77(5):1601-7. Raphael E, Wong LK, Riley LW. PMID: 21216903; PMCID: PMC3067261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Global spread of mobile antimicrobial drug resistance determinants in human and animal Escherichia coli and Salmonella strains causing community-acquired infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Aug 01; 49(3):365-71. Ajiboye RM, Solberg OD, Lee BM, Raphael E, Debroy C, Riley LW. PMID: 19538087.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
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