Ralph Marcucio, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
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    Understanding the Forces that Shape the Face
    NIH/NIDCR R21DE028198Sep 15, 2018 - Aug 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Effects of Aging on Macrophages and Bone Regeneration
    NIH/NIA R01AG046282Sep 30, 2013 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Developmental mechanisms underlying genotype-phenotype correlations
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE021708Apr 27, 2011 - Mar 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The role of continuous phenotypic variation in structural defects of the face
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE019638Jul 23, 2010 - Dec 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular Basis of Tissue Interactions that Regulate Craniofacial Development
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE018234Jun 1, 2007 - Jun 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    BMP-Mediated Tissue Interactions that Pattern the Face
    NIH/NIDCR R03DE015901Jan 1, 2005 - Dec 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NIDCR F32DE005683Sep 1, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Global Health
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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Taneyhill LA, Moody SA, Cox T, Klein OD, Marcucio R, Schneider RA, Trainor PA. The Society for Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 41st Annual Meeting. Am J Med Genet A. 2019 Feb 22. PMID: 30793834.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Bahney CS, Zondervan RL, Allison P, Theologis A, Ashley J, Ahn J, Miclau T, Marcucio R, Hankenson KD. The Cellular Biology of Fracture Healing. J Orthop Res. 2018 Oct 28. PMID: 30370699.
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    3. Hallgrimsson B, Green RM, Katz DC, Fish JL, Bernier FP, Roseman CC, Young NM, Cheverud JM, Marcucio RS. The developmental-genetics of canalization. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2018 May 23. PMID: 29782925.
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    4. Wong SA, Rivera KO, Miclau T, Alsberg E, Marcucio RS, Bahney CS. Microenvironmental Regulation of Chondrocyte Plasticity in Endochondral Repair-A New Frontier for Developmental Engineering. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2018; 6:58. PMID: 29868574.
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    5. Gammill L, Cox T, Moody S, Taneyhill L, Trainor P, Marcucio R. The Society for Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 40th annual meeting. Am J Med Genet A. 2018 May; 176(5):1270-1273. PMID: 29681098.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kennedy RC, Marmor M, Marcucio R, Hunt CA. Simulation enabled search for explanatory mechanisms of the fracture healing process. PLoS Comput Biol. 2018 02; 14(2):e1005980. PMID: 29394245.
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    7. Linde-Medina M, Marcucio R. Living tissues are more than cell clusters: The extracellular matrix as a driving force in morphogenesis. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2018 Sep; 137:46-51. PMID: 29398066.
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    8. Percival CJ, Green R, Roseman CC, Gatti DM, Morgan JL, Murray SA, Donahue LR, Mayeux JM, Pollard KM, Hua K, Pomp D, Marcucio R, Hallgrímsson B. Developmental constraint through negative pleiotropy in the zygomatic arch. Evodevo. 2018; 9:3. PMID: 29423138.
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    9. Green RM, Fish JL, Young NM, Smith FJ, Roberts B, Dolan K, Choi I, Leach CL, Gordon P, Cheverud JM, Roseman CC, Williams TJ, Marcucio RS, Hallgrímsson B. Developmental nonlinearity drives phenotypic robustness. Nat Commun. 2017 12 06; 8(1):1970. PMID: 29213092.
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    10. Clark D, Nakamura M, Miclau T, Marcucio R. Effects of Aging on Fracture Healing. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2017 12; 15(6):601-608. PMID: 29143915.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Marcucio RS, Qin L, Alsberg E, Boerckel JD. Reverse engineering development: Crosstalk opportunities between developmental biology and tissue engineering. J Orthop Res. 2017 11; 35(11):2356-2368. PMID: 28660712.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Miclau KR, Brazina SA, Bahney CS, Hankenson KD, Hunt TK, Marcucio RS, Miclau T. Stimulating Fracture Healing in Ischemic Environments: Does Oxygen Direct Stem Cell Fate during Fracture Healing? Front Cell Dev Biol. 2017; 5:45. PMID: 28523266.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Marcucio R. Shaping the sound of voice. Elife. 2017 Mar 20; 6. PMID: 28318485.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Young NM, Linde-Medina M, Fondon JW, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio RS. Craniofacial diversification in the domestic pigeon and the evolution of the avian skull. Nat Ecol Evol. 2017 Mar 13; 1(4):95. PMID: 28812673.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Green RM, Leach CL, Hoehn N, Marcucio RS, Hallgrímsson B. Quantifying three-dimensional morphology and RNA from individual embryos. Dev Dyn. 2017 05; 246(5):431-436. PMID: 28152580.
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    16. Fish JL, Albertson C, Harris MP, Lozanoff S, Marcucio RS, Richtsmeier JT, Trainor PA. The society for craniofacial genetics and developmental biology 39th annual meeting. Am J Med Genet A. 2017 Apr; 173(4):985-1006. PMID: 28168819.
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    17. Pavlicev M, Mitteroecker P, Gonzalez PM, Rolian C, Jamniczky H, Villena FP, Marcucio R, Spritz R, Hallgrimsson B. Development Shapes a Consistent Inbreeding Effect in Mouse Crania of Different Line Crosses. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2016 12; 326(8):474-488. PMID: 28097826.
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    18. Hu DP, Ferro F, Yang F, Taylor AJ, Chang W, Miclau T, Marcucio RS, Bahney CS. Cartilage to bone transformation during fracture healing is coordinated by the invading vasculature and induction of the core pluripotency genes. Development. 2017 01 15; 144(2):221-234. PMID: 28096214.
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    19. Schmidt-Bleek K, Marcucio R, Duda G. Future Treatment Strategies for Delayed Bone Healing: An Osteoimmunologic Approach. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Oct; 24(10):e134-5. PMID: 27579817.
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    20. Hibberd CE, Bowdin S, Arudchelvan Y, Forrest CR, Brakora KA, Marcucio RS, Gong SG. FGFR-associated craniosynostosis syndromes and gastrointestinal defects. Am J Med Genet A. 2016 12; 170(12):3215-3221. PMID: 27481450.
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    21. Gonzalez PN, Pavlicev M, Mitteroecker P, Pardo-Manuel de Villena F, Spritz RA, Marcucio RS, Hallgrímsson B. Genetic structure of phenotypic robustness in the collaborative cross mouse diallel panel. J Evol Biol. 2016 Sep; 29(9):1737-51. PMID: 27234063.
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    22. Taneyhill LA, Hoover-Fong J, Lozanoff S, Marcucio R, Richtsmeier JT, Trainor PA. The society for craniofacial genetics and developmental biology 38th annual meeting. Am J Med Genet A. 2016 07; 170(7):1732-53. PMID: 27102868.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Young NM, Sherathiya K, Gutierrez L, Nguyen E, Bekmezian S, Huang JC, Hallgrímsson B, Lee JS, Marcucio RS. Facial surface morphology predicts variation in internal skeletal shape. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2016 Apr; 149(4):501-8. PMID: 27021454; PMCID: PMC4813327 [Available on 04/01/17].
    24. Bahney CS, Jacobs L, Tamai R, Hu D, Luan TF, Wang M, Reddy S, Park M, Limburg S, Kim HT, Marcucio R, Kuo AC. Promoting Endochondral Bone Repair Using Human Osteoarthritic Articular Chondrocytes. Tissue Eng Part A. 2016 Mar; 22(5-6):427-35. PMID: 26830207; PMCID: PMC4800268 [Available on 03/01/17].
    25. Linde-Medina M, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio R. Beyond cell proliferation in avian facial morphogenesis. Dev Dyn. 2016 Mar; 245(3):190-6. PMID: 26637960; PMCID: PMC4802862 [Available on 03/01/17].
    26. Marcucio RS, Nauth A, Giannoudis PV, Bahney C, Piuzzi NS, Muschler G, Miclau T. Stem Cell Therapies in Orthopaedic Trauma. J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Dec; 29 Suppl 12:S24-7. PMID: 26584262; PMCID: PMC4845034 [Available on 12/01/16].
    27. Almubarak S, Nethercott H, Freeberg M, Beaudon C, Jha A, Jackson W, Marcucio R, Miclau T, Healy K, Bahney C. Tissue engineering strategies for promoting vascularized bone regeneration. Bone. 2016 Feb; 83:197-209. PMID: 26608518.
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    28. Hallgrimsson B, Percival CJ, Green R, Young NM, Mio W, Marcucio R. Morphometrics, 3D Imaging, and Craniofacial Development. Curr Top Dev Biol. 2015; 115:561-97. PMID: 26589938.
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    29. Marcucio R, Hallgrimsson B, Young NM. Facial Morphogenesis: Physical and Molecular Interactions Between the Brain and the Face. Curr Top Dev Biol. 2015; 115:299-320. PMID: 26589930.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Percival CJ, Liberton DK, Pardo-Manuel de Villena F, Spritz R, Marcucio R, Hallgrímsson B. Genetics of murine craniofacial morphology: diallel analysis of the eight founders of the Collaborative Cross. J Anat. 2016 Jan; 228(1):96-112. PMID: 26426826.
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    31. Xu Q, Jamniczky H, Hu D, Green RM, Marcucio RS, Hallgrimsson B, Mio W. Correlations Between the Morphology of Sonic Hedgehog Expression Domains and Embryonic Craniofacial Shape. Evol Biol. 2015 Sep; 42(3):379-386. PMID: 26321772.
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    32. Hu D, Young NM, Xu Q, Jamniczky H, Green RM, Mio W, Marcucio RS, Hallgrimsson B. Signals from the brain induce variation in avian facial shape. Dev Dyn. 2015 Sep; 244(9):1133-1143. PMID: 25903813.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Smith FJ, Percival CJ, Young NM, Hu D, Schneider RA, Marcucio RS, Hallgrimsson B. Divergence of craniofacial developmental trajectories among avian embryos. Dev Dyn. 2015 Sep; 244(9):1158-1167. PMID: 25703037.
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    34. Abou-Khalil R, Yang F, Lieu S, Julien A, Perry J, Pereira C, Relaix F, Miclau T, Marcucio R, Colnot C. Role of muscle stem cells during skeletal regeneration. Stem Cells. 2015 May; 33(5):1501-11. PMID: 25594525.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Song S, Kim EJ, Bahney CS, Miclau T, Marcucio R, Roy S. The synergistic effect of micro-topography and biochemical culture environment to promote angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Acta Biomater. 2015 May; 18:100-11. PMID: 25735800.
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    36. Lainoff AJ, Moustakas-Verho JE, Hu D, Kallonen A, Marcucio RS, Hlusko LJ. A comparative examination of odontogenic gene expression in both toothed and toothless amniotes. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2015 May; 324(3):255-69. PMID: 25678399; PMCID: PMC4401653.
    37. Bahney CS, Hu DP, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. The multifaceted role of the vasculature in endochondral fracture repair. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2015; 6:4. PMID: 25699016; PMCID: PMC4318416.
    38. Hu D, Young NM, Li X, Xu Y, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio RS. A dynamic Shh expression pattern, regulated by SHH and BMP signaling, coordinates fusion of primordia in the amniote face. Development. 2015 Feb 01; 142(3):567-74. PMID: 25605783; PMCID: PMC4302993.
    39. Billington CJ, Schmidt B, Marcucio RS, Hallgrimsson B, Gopalakrishnan R, Petryk A. Impact of retinoic acid exposure on midfacial shape variation and manifestation of holoprosencephaly in Twsg1 mutant mice. Dis Model Mech. 2015 Feb; 8(2):139-46. PMID: 25468951; PMCID: PMC4314779.
    40. Green RM, Feng W, Phang T, Fish JL, Li H, Spritz RA, Marcucio RS, Hooper J, Jamniczky H, Hallgrímsson B, Williams T. Tfap2a-dependent changes in mouse facial morphology result in clefting that can be ameliorated by a reduction in Fgf8 gene dosage. Dis Model Mech. 2015 Jan; 8(1):31-43. PMID: 25381013.
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    41. Hallgrimsson B, Mio W, Marcucio RS, Spritz R. Let's face it--complex traits are just not that simple. PLoS Genet. 2014 Nov; 10(11):e1004724. PMID: 25375250; PMCID: PMC4222688.
    42. Petryk A, Graf D, Marcucio R. Holoprosencephaly: signaling interactions between the brain and the face, the environment and the genes, and the phenotypic variability in animal models and humans. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 2015 Jan-Feb; 4(1):17-32. PMID: 25339593; PMCID: PMC4268052.
    43. Percival CJ, Green R, Marcucio R, Hallgrímsson B. Surface landmark quantification of embryonic mouse craniofacial morphogenesis. BMC Dev Biol. 2014 Jul 24; 14:31. PMID: 25059626; PMCID: PMC4222779.
    44. Hankenson KD, Zimmerman G, Marcucio R. Biological perspectives of delayed fracture healing. Injury. 2014 Jun; 45 Suppl 2:S8-S15. PMID: 24857030; PMCID: PMC4406220.
    45. Young NM, Hu D, Lainoff AJ, Smith FJ, Diaz R, Tucker AS, Trainor PA, Schneider RA, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio RS. Embryonic bauplans and the developmental origins of facial diversity and constraint. Development. 2014 Mar; 141(5):1059-63. PMID: 24550113; PMCID: PMC3929406.
    46. Abou-Khalil R, Yang F, Mortreux M, Lieu S, Yu YY, Wurmser M, Pereira C, Relaix F, Miclau T, Marcucio RS, Colnot C. Delayed bone regeneration is linked to chronic inflammation in murine muscular dystrophy. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Feb; 29(2):304-15. PMID: 23857747; PMCID: PMC3893315.
    47. Bahney CS, Hu DP, Taylor AJ, Ferro F, Britz HM, Hallgrimsson B, Johnstone B, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Stem cell-derived endochondral cartilage stimulates bone healing by tissue transformation. J Bone Miner Res. 2014; 29(5):1269-82. PMID: 24259230; PMCID: PMC4802866.
    48. Slade Shantz JA, Yu YY, Andres W, Miclau T, Marcucio R. Modulation of macrophage activity during fracture repair has differential effects in young adult and elderly mice. J Orthop Trauma. 2014; 28 Suppl 1:S10-4. PMID: 24378434; PMCID: PMC3965608.
    49. Demirkiran G, Dede O, Yalcin N, Akel I, Marcucio R, Acaroglu E. Selective estrogen receptor modulation prevents scoliotic curve progression: radiologic and histomorphometric study on a bipedal C57Bl6 mice model. Eur Spine J. 2014 Feb; 23(2):455-62. PMID: 24136418; PMCID: PMC3906449.
    50. Li X, Young NM, Tropp S, Hu D, Xu Y, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio RS. Quantification of shape and cell polarity reveals a novel mechanism underlying malformations resulting from related FGF mutations during facial morphogenesis. Hum Mol Genet. 2013 Dec 20; 22(25):5160-72. PMID: 23906837; PMCID: PMC3842176.
    51. Marcucio R, Hunt TK, Miclau T. Beneficial effects of oxygen- and lactate-production in scaffold designs. Bone. 2013 Nov; 57(1):324. PMID: 23895996.
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    52. Smith F, Hu D, Young NM, Lainoff AJ, Jamniczky HA, Maltepe E, Hallgrimsson B, Marcucio RS. The effect of hypoxia on facial shape variation and disease phenotypes in chicken embryos. Dis Model Mech. 2013 Jul; 6(4):915-24. PMID: 23592613; PMCID: PMC3701211.
    53. Miedel E, Dishowitz MI, Myers MH, Dopkin D, Yu YY, Miclau TS, Marcucio R, Ahn J, Hankenson KD. Disruption of thrombospondin-2 accelerates ischemic fracture healing. J Orthop Res. 2013 Jun; 31(6):935-43. PMID: 23280580.
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    54. Griffin JN, Compagnucci C, Hu D, Fish J, Klein O, Marcucio R, Depew MJ. Fgf8 dosage determines midfacial integration and polarity within the nasal and optic capsules. Dev Biol. 2013 Feb 01; 374(1):185-97. PMID: 23201021; PMCID: PMC4086262.
    55. Lu C, Saless N, Wang X, Sinha A, Decker S, Kazakia G, Hou H, Williams B, Swartz HM, Hunt TK, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. The role of oxygen during fracture healing. Bone. 2013 Jan; 52(1):220-9. PMID: 23063782; PMCID: PMC4827706.
    56. Wang X, Yu YY, Lieu S, Yang F, Lang J, Lu C, Werb Z, Hu D, Miclau T, Marcucio R, Colnot C. MMP9 regulates the cellular response to inflammation after skeletal injury. Bone. 2013 Jan; 52(1):111-9. PMID: 23010105; PMCID: PMC3513654.
    57. Hallgrímsson B, Jamniczky HA, Young NM, Rolian C, Schmidt-Ott U, Marcucio RS. The generation of variation and the developmental basis for evolutionary novelty. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2012 Sep; 318(6):501-17. PMID: 22649039.
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    58. Lu C, Xing Z, Wang X, Mao J, Marcucio RS, Miclau T. Anti-inflammatory treatment increases angiogenesis during early fracture healing. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2012 Aug; 132(8):1205-13. PMID: 22622792.
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    59. Yu YY, Bahney C, Hu D, Marcucio RS, Miclau T. Creating rigidly stabilized fractures for assessing intramembranous ossification, distraction osteogenesis, or healing of critical sized defects. J Vis Exp. 2012 Apr 11; (62). PMID: 22525683; PMCID: PMC3466651.
    60. Hu D, Marcucio RS. Neural crest cells pattern the surface cephalic ectoderm during FEZ formation. Dev Dyn. 2012 Apr; 241(4):732-40. PMID: 22411554; PMCID: PMC3422019.
    61. Acaroglu E, Bobe R, Enouf J, Marcucio R, Moldovan F, Moreau A. The metabolic basis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: 2011 report of the "metabolic" workgroup of the Fondation Yves Cotrel. Eur Spine J. 2012 Jun; 21(6):1033-42. PMID: 22402844; PMCID: PMC3366135.
    62. Chong HJ, Young NM, Hu D, Jeong J, McMahon AP, Hallgrimsson B, Marcucio RS. Signaling by SHH rescues facial defects following blockade in the brain. Dev Dyn. 2012 Feb; 241(2):247-56. PMID: 22275045; PMCID: PMC3547623.
    63. Ogilvie CM, Lu C, Marcucio R, Lee M, Thompson Z, Hu D, Helms JA, Miclau T. Vascular endothelial growth factor improves bone repair in a murine nonunion model. Iowa Orthop J. 2012; 32:90-4. PMID: 23576927; PMCID: PMC3565421.
    64. Dede O, Akel I, Demirkiran G, Yalcin N, Marcucio R, Acaroglu E. Is decreased bone mineral density associated with development of scoliosis? A bipedal osteopenic rat model. Scoliosis. 2011 Oct 31; 6(1):24. PMID: 22040734; PMCID: PMC3217908.
    65. Parsons TE, Schmidt EJ, Boughner JC, Jamniczky HA, Marcucio RS, Hallgrímsson B. Epigenetic integration of the developing brain and face. Dev Dyn. 2011 Oct; 240(10):2233-44. PMID: 21901785.
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    66. Lu C, Saless N, Hu D, Wang X, Xing Z, Hou H, Williams B, Swartz HM, Colnot C, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Mechanical stability affects angiogenesis during early fracture healing. J Orthop Trauma. 2011 Aug; 25(8):494-9. PMID: 21738063; PMCID: PMC3167470.
    67. Cooke ME, Allon AA, Cheng T, Kuo AC, Kim HT, Vail TP, Marcucio RS, Schneider RA, Lotz JC, Alliston T. Structured three-dimensional co-culture of mesenchymal stem cells with chondrocytes promotes chondrogenic differentiation without hypertrophy. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2011 Oct; 19(10):1210-8. PMID: 21816228; PMCID: PMC3188316.
    68. Hu D, Marcucio RS. Assessing signaling properties of ectodermal epithelia during craniofacial development. J Vis Exp. 2011 Mar 24; (49). PMID: 21490566; PMCID: PMC3197310.
    69. Marcucio RS, Young NM, Hu D, Hallgrimsson B. Mechanisms that underlie co-variation of the brain and face. Genesis. 2011 Apr; 49(4):177-89. PMID: 21381182; PMCID: PMC3086711.
    70. Lieu S, Hansen E, Dedini R, Behonick D, Werb Z, Miclau T, Marcucio R, Colnot C. Impaired remodeling phase of fracture repair in the absence of matrix metalloproteinase-2. Dis Model Mech. 2011 Mar; 4(2):203-11. PMID: 21135056; PMCID: PMC3046093.
    71. Young NM, Chong HJ, Hu D, Hallgrímsson B, Marcucio RS. Quantitative analyses link modulation of sonic hedgehog signaling to continuous variation in facial growth and shape. Development. 2010 Oct; 137(20):3405-9. PMID: 20826528; PMCID: PMC2947484.
    72. Pape HC, Marcucio R, Humphrey C, Colnot C, Knobe M, Harvey EJ. Trauma-induced inflammation and fracture healing. J Orthop Trauma. 2010 Sep; 24(9):522-5. PMID: 20736786.
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    73. Xing Z, Lu C, Hu D, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Rejuvenation of the inflammatory system stimulates fracture repair in aged mice. J Orthop Res. 2010 Aug; 28(8):1000-6. PMID: 20108320; PMCID: PMC2892015.
    74. Lange J, Sapozhnikova A, Lu C, Hu D, Li X, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Action of IL-1beta during fracture healing. J Orthop Res. 2010 Jun; 28(6):778-84. PMID: 20041490; PMCID: PMC2858256.
    75. Lu C, Xing Z, Yu YY, Colnot C, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 enhances fracture healing in an ischemic environment. J Orthop Res. 2010 May; 28(5):687-96. PMID: 19918910; PMCID: PMC2845727.
    76. Xing Z, Lu C, Hu D, Yu YY, Wang X, Colnot C, Nakamura M, Wu Y, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Multiple roles for CCR2 during fracture healing. Dis Model Mech. 2010 Jul-Aug; 3(7-8):451-8. PMID: 20354109; PMCID: PMC2898536.
    77. Hu D, Lu C, Sapozhnikova A, Barnett M, Sparrey C, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Absence of beta3 integrin accelerates early skeletal repair. J Orthop Res. 2010 Jan; 28(1):32-7. PMID: 19637214; PMCID: PMC2811376.
    78. Hallgrímsson B, Jamniczky H, Young NM, Rolian C, Parsons TE, Boughner JC, Marcucio RS. Deciphering the Palimpsest: Studying the Relationship Between Morphological Integration and Phenotypic Covariation. Evol Biol. 2009 Dec; 36(4):355-376. PMID: 23293400.
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    79. Yu YY, Lieu S, Lu C, Miclau T, Marcucio RS, Colnot C. Immunolocalization of BMPs, BMP antagonists, receptors, and effectors during fracture repair. Bone. 2010 Mar; 46(3):841-51. PMID: 19913648.
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    80. Lu C, Buckley JM, Colnot C, Marcucio R, Miclau T. Basic research in orthopedic surgery: Current trends and future directions. Indian J Orthop. 2009 Oct; 43(4):318-23. PMID: 19838378; PMCID: PMC2762563.
    81. Acaroglu E, Akel I, Alanay A, Yazici M, Marcucio R. Comparison of the melatonin and calmodulin in paravertebral muscle and platelets of patients with or without adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15; 34(18):E659-63. PMID: 19680092.
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    82. Akel I, Kocak O, Bozkurt G, Alanay A, Marcucio R, Acaroglu E. The effect of calmodulin antagonists on experimental scoliosis: a pinealectomized chicken model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Mar 15; 34(6):533-8. PMID: 19282733.
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    83. Akel I, Demirkiran G, Alanay A, Karahan S, Marcucio R, Acaroglu E. The effect of calmodulin antagonists on scoliosis: bipedal C57BL/6 mice model. Eur Spine J. 2009 Apr; 18(4):499-505. PMID: 19242737; PMCID: PMC2899472.
    84. Hu D, Colnot C, Marcucio RS. Effect of bone morphogenetic protein signaling on development of the jaw skeleton. Dev Dyn. 2008 Dec; 237(12):3727-37. PMID: 18985754; PMCID: PMC2857416.
    85. Hu D, Marcucio RS. A SHH-responsive signaling center in the forebrain regulates craniofacial morphogenesis via the facial ectoderm. Development. 2009 Jan; 136(1):107-16. PMID: 19036802; PMCID: PMC2685963.
    86. Hu D, Marcucio RS. Unique organization of the frontonasal ectodermal zone in birds and mammals. Dev Biol. 2009 Jan 01; 325(1):200-10. PMID: 19013147; PMCID: PMC2662765.
    87. Lu C, Hansen E, Sapozhnikova A, Hu D, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Effect of age on vascularization during fracture repair. J Orthop Res. 2008 Oct; 26(10):1384-9. PMID: 18464248; PMCID: PMC2846969.
    88. Lu C, Rollins M, Hou H, Swartz HM, Hopf H, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Tibial fracture decreases oxygen levels at the site of injury. Iowa Orthop J. 2008; 28:14-21. PMID: 19223943; PMCID: PMC2603344.
    89. Miclau T, Lu C, Thompson Z, Choi P, Puttlitz C, Marcucio R, Helms JA. Effects of delayed stabilization on fracture healing. J Orthop Res. 2007 Dec; 25(12):1552-8. PMID: 17593540; PMCID: PMC2844641.
    90. Behonick DJ, Xing Z, Lieu S, Buckley JM, Lotz JC, Marcucio RS, Werb Z, Miclau T, Colnot C. Role of matrix metalloproteinase 13 in both endochondral and intramembranous ossification during skeletal regeneration. PLoS One. 2007 Nov 07; 2(11):e1150. PMID: 17987127; PMCID: PMC2063465.
    91. Foppiano S, Hu D, Marcucio RS. Signaling by bone morphogenetic proteins directs formation of an ectodermal signaling center that regulates craniofacial development. Dev Biol. 2007 Dec 01; 312(1):103-14. PMID: 18028903; PMCID: PMC2192628.
    92. Lu C, Miclau T, Hu D, Marcucio RS. Ischemia leads to delayed union during fracture healing: a mouse model. J Orthop Res. 2007 Jan; 25(1):51-61. PMID: 17019699; PMCID: PMC2848995.
    93. Haggstrom AN, Lammer EJ, Schneider RA, Marcucio R, Frieden IJ. Patterns of infantile hemangiomas: new clues to hemangioma pathogenesis and embryonic facial development. Pediatrics. 2006 Mar; 117(3):698-703. PMID: 16510649.
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    94. Lu C, Marcucio R, Miclau T. Assessing angiogenesis during fracture healing. Iowa Orthop J. 2006; 26:17-26. PMID: 16789443; PMCID: PMC1888583.
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