Maria Glymour, ScD, MS

TitleAssociate Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
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    Research Interests
    * Social determinants of health in aging
    * Cognitive change in the elderly
    * Socioeconomic and geographic determinants of stroke incidence and outcomes
    * Causal inference in social epidemiology

    My research focuses on how social factors experienced across the lifecourse, from infancy to adulthood, influence cognitive function, dementia, stroke, and other health outcomes in old age. I am especially interested in education and other cognitively engaging exposures. Current cohorts of elderly in the US were exposed to profound social changes during the early 20th century when we revolutionized access to high school. One thread of my research examines how changes in schooling laws and school quality in the early 20th century might have influenced the health and cognitive functioning of current cohorts of elderly. My results suggest that extra schooling has substantial benefits for memory function in the elderly independent of any “innate” characteristics.

    My recent work has also focused on understanding the social and geographic patterning of stroke and stroke recovery. In the United States, there is a longstanding pattern of excess stroke incidence and mortality suffered by residents of southern states. We are examining whether this might be attributable to early life exposure, rather than adult place of residence. By studying stroke, I hope to improve understanding of factors that influence neurologic risk and resilience and how these conditions are shaped by social inequalities from childhood through adulthood. In particular, the intersection of stroke and dementia is an inadequately understood area.

    A separate theme of my research focuses on overcoming methodological problems encountered in analyses of social determinants of health, and cognitive outcomes in particular. For many reasons, research focusing on lifecourse epidemiology as well as cognitive aging introduces substantial methodological challenges. Sometimes, these are conceptual challenges, and clear causal thinking can help! Many of these challenges are being addressed in the MELODEM (MEthods in LOngitudinal research on DEMentia) initiative, an international group of researchers focusing on analytic challenges in research on dementia and cognitive aging. MELODEM is organized into working groups on measurement, selection/survival, time-scale definitions, complex confounding, high-dimensional data.

    I have advocated the use of causal directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) as a standard research tool to represent our causal hypotheses and help elucidate potential biases in proposed analyses. In other cases, the methodological problems require more analytical solutions that have been developed elsewhere in epidemiology or in other disciplines, but are rarely applied to these research questions. Instrumental variables analyses of natural or induced experiments are one promising example. Genetic variations have recently been advanced as possible instrumental variables to estimate the health effects of a wide range of phenotypes, an approach sometimes called “Mendelian Randomization.” Using genetic polymorphisms as instrumental variables could provide a very powerful tool for social epidemiology, but the inferences from such analyses rest on strong assumptions. Thus I am currently working with a team to explore approaches to evaluating the plausibility of those assumptions in applications for social epidemiology.

    Students interested in research collaborations related to the social epidemiology of stroke, dementia, and aging are welcome to send me an email or set up an appointment: http://mglymour.youcanbook.me/

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Gianfrancesco MA, Glymour MM, Walter S, Rhead B, Shao X, Shen L, Quach H, Hubbard A, Jónsdóttir I, Stefánsson K, Strid P, Hillert J, Hedström A, Olsson T, Kockum I, Schaefer C, Alfredsson L, Barcellos LF. Causal Effect of Genetic Variants Associated With Body Mass Index on Multiple Sclerosis Susceptibility. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 Jan 09. PMID: 28073764.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mayeda ER, Glymour MM. The Obesity Paradox in Survival after Cancer Diagnosis: Tools for Evaluation of Potential Bias. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 Jan; 26(1):17-20. PMID: 28069728.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Schmidt NM, Glymour MM, Osypuk TL. Adolescence is a Sensitive Period for Housing Mobility to Influence Risky Behaviors: An Experimental Design. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Dec 17. PMID: 27998700.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Gilsanz P, Kubzansky LD, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Wang Q, Kawachi I, Patton KK, Fitzpatrick AL, Kop WJ, Longstreth WT, Glymour MM. Changes in Depressive Symptoms and Subsequent Risk of Stroke in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Stroke. 2016 Dec 06. PMID: 27924053.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Glymour MM, Spiegelman D. Evaluating Public Health Interventions: 5. Causal Inference in Public Health Research-Do Sex, Race, and Biological Factors Cause Health Outcomes? Am J Public Health. 2016 Nov 17; e1-e5. PMID: 27854526.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Glymour MM, Walter S, Mejía-Guevara I. Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index-Reply. JAMA. 2016 Nov 1; 316(17):1826-1827. PMID: 27802541.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Adler NE, Glymour MM, Fielding J. Addressing Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities. JAMA. 2016 Oct 25; 316(16):1641-1642. PMID: 27669456.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Zahodne LB, Gilsanz P, Glymour MM, Gibbons LE, Brewster P, Hamilton J, Mez J, Marden JR, Nho K, Larson EB, Crane PK, Gross AL. Comparing Variability, Severity, and Persistence of Depressive Symptoms as Predictors of Future Stroke Risk. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016 Oct 24. PMID: 27866734.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Rhead B, Bäärnhielm M, Gianfrancesco M, Mok A, Shao X, Quach H, Shen L, Schaefer C, Link J, Gyllenberg A, Hedström AK, Olsson T, Hillert J, Kockum I, Glymour MM, Alfredsson L, Barcellos LF. Mendelian randomization shows a causal effect of low vitamin D on multiple sclerosis risk. Neurol Genet. 2016 Oct; 2(5):e97. PMID: 27652346; PMCID: PMC5022843.
    10. Zeki Al Hazzouri A, Mayeda ER, Elfassy T, Lee A, Odden MC, Thekkethala D, Wright CB, Glymour M, Haan MN, et al. Perceived Walking Speed, Measured Tandem Walk, Incident Stroke, and Mortality in Older Latino Adults: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Aug 22. PMID: 27549992.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Glymour MM, Rudolph KE. Causal inference challenges in social epidemiology: Bias, specificity, and imagination. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Oct; 166:258-65. PMID: 27575286.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Walter S, Mejía-Guevara I, Estrada K, Liu SY, Glymour MM. Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index Across Different Birth Cohorts. JAMA. 2016 Jul 5; 316(1):63-9. PMID: 27380344.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Glymour M, Mayeda ER, Selby V. Commentary: Selection Bias in Clinical Epidemiology: Causal Thinking to Guide Patient-centered Research. Epidemiology. 2016 Jul; 27(4):466-8. PMID: 26928706.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Vable AM, Kawachi I, Canning D, Glymour MM, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV. Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans. PLoS One. 2016; 11(5):e0154203. PMID: 27186983.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Sumner JA, Kubzansky LD, Kabrhel C, Roberts AL, Chen Q, Winning A, Gilsanz P, Rimm EB, Glymour MM, Koenen KC. Associations of Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms With Venous Thromboembolism Over 22 Years in Women. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016; 5(5). PMID: 27172912.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Nguyen TT, Rist PM, Glymour M, et al. Are self-reported neighbourhood characteristics associated with onset of functional limitations in older adults with or without memory impairment? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 May 6. PMID: 27154180.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Zahodne LB, Manly JJ, Azar M, Brickman AM, Glymour MM. Racial Disparities in Cognitive Performance in Mid- and Late Adulthood: Analyses of Two Cohort Studies. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 May; 64(5):959-64. PMID: 27225354.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Rist PM, Liu SY, Glymour MM. Families and Disability Onset: Are Spousal Resources Less Important for Individuals at High Risk of Dementia? Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016 Jul; 24(7):585-94. PMID: 27066733.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Rist PM, Nguyen TT, Whitmer RA, Glymour MM. Modifiable risk factors for nursing home admission among individuals with high and low dementia risk. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2016 Jul-Aug; 65:140-5. PMID: 27023177.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Basu S, Rehkopf DH, Siddiqi A, Glymour MM, Kawachi I. Health Behaviors, Mental Health, and Health Care Utilization Among Single Mothers After Welfare Reforms in the 1990s. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Mar 15; 183(6):531-8. PMID: 26946395.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Basu S, Rehkopf DH, Siddiqi A, Glymour MM, Kawachi I. Basu et al. Respond to "Interdisciplinary Approach for Policy Evaluation". Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Mar 15; 183(6):542-3. PMID: 26946397.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Glymour MM, Nguyen QC, Matsouaka R, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Schmidt NM, Osypuk TL. Does Mother Know Best? Treatment Adherence as a Function of Anticipated Treatment Benefit. Epidemiology. 2016 Mar; 27(2):265-75. PMID: 26628424.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Rehkopf DH, Glymour MM, Osypuk TL. The Consistency Assumption for Causal Inference in Social Epidemiology: When a Rose is Not a Rose. Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2016 Mar; 3(1):63-71. PMID: 27326386.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Mayeda ER, Glymour M, Quesenberry CP, Whitmer RA. Inequalities in dementia incidence between six racial and ethnic groups over 14 years. Alzheimers Dement. 2016 Mar; 12(3):216-24. PMID: 26874595.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Vivot A, Power MC, Glymour M, Mayeda ER, Benitez A, Spiro A, Manly JJ, Proust-Lima C, Dufouil C, Gross AL. Jump, Hop, or Skip: Modeling Practice Effects in Studies of Determinants of Cognitive Change in Older Adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Feb 15; 183(4):302-14. PMID: 26825924.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Pega F, Blakely T, Glymour MM, Carter KN, Kawachi I. Using Marginal Structural Modeling to Estimate the Cumulative Impact of an Unconditional Tax Credit on Self-Rated Health. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Feb 15; 183(4):315-24. PMID: 26803908.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Marden JR, Mayeda ER, Walter S, Vivot A, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Glymour M. Using an Alzheimer Disease Polygenic Risk Score to Predict Memory Decline in Black and White Americans Over 14 Years of Follow-up. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Jan 11. PMID: 26756387.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Walter S, Marden JR, Kubzansky LD, Mayeda ER, Crane PK, Chang SC, Cornelis M, Rehkopf DH, Mukherjee S, Glymour M. Diabetic Phenotypes and Late-Life Dementia Risk: A Mechanism-specific Mendelian Randomization Study. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Jan-Mar; 30(1):15-20. PMID: 26650880.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Marden JR, Walter S, Kaufman JS, Glymour MM. African Ancestry, Social Factors, and Hypertension Among Non-Hispanic Blacks in the Health and Retirement Study. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2016; 62(1):19-35. PMID: 27050031.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Vable AM, Canning D, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV. Can social policy influence socioeconomic disparities? Korean War GI Bill eligibility and markers of depression. Ann Epidemiol. 2016 Feb; 26(2):129-135.e3. PMID: 26778285.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Meyer OL, Sisco SM, Harvey D, Zahodne LB, Glymour MM, Manly JJ, Marsiske M. Neighborhood Predictors of Cognitive Training Outcomes and Trajectories in ACTIVE. Res Aging. 2015 Dec 13. PMID: 26667987.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Gottlieb L, Glymour MM, Kersten E, Taing E, Hagan E, Vlahov D, Adler NE. Challenges to an integrated population health research agenda: Targets, scale, tradeoffs and timing. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Feb; 150:279-85. PMID: 26794721.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Nguyen TT, Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Gilman SE, Walter S, Liu SY, Manly JJ, Glymour MM. Instrumental variable approaches to identifying the causal effect of educational attainment on dementia risk. Ann Epidemiol. 2016 Jan; 26(1):71-76.e3. PMID: 26633592.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Winning A, Glymour MM, McCormick MC, Gilsanz P, Kubzansky LD. Psychological Distress Across the Life Course and Cardiometabolic Risk: Findings From the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Oct 6; 66(14):1577-86. PMID: 26429083.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Roberts AL, Glymour MM, Koenen KC. Models and better evidence needed to clarify causality: a response to Bailey, Ellingson, and Bailey (2014). Arch Sex Behav. 2015 Oct; 44(7):2099-100. PMID: 25933670; PMCID: PMC4561009 [Available on 10/01/16].
    36. Liu SY, Glymour MM, Zahodne LB, Weiss C, Manly JJ. Role of Place in Explaining Racial Heterogeneity in Cognitive Outcomes among Older Adults. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2015 Oct; 21(9):677-87. PMID: 26412671.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Weuve J, Proust-Lima C, Power MC, Gross AL, Hofer SM, Thiébaut R, Chêne G, Glymour MM, Dufouil C. Guidelines for reporting methodological challenges and evaluating potential bias in dementia research. Alzheimers Dement. 2015 Sep; 11(9):1098-109. PMID: 26397878; PMCID: PMC4655106.
    38. Gross AL, Benitez A, Shih R, Bangen KJ, Glymour MM, Sachs B, Sisco S, Skinner J, Schneider BC, Manly JJ. Predictors of Retest Effects in a Longitudinal Study of Cognitive Aging in a Diverse Community-Based Sample. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2015 Aug; 21(7):506-18. PMID: 26527240.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Liu SY, Manly JJ, Capistrant BD, Glymour MM. Historical Differences in School Term Length and Measured Blood Pressure: Contributions to Persistent Racial Disparities among US-Born Adults. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0129673. PMID: 26076495; PMCID: PMC4467864.
    40. Boden-Albala B, Stillman J, Roberts ET, Quarles LW, Glymour MM, Chong J, Moats H, Torrico V, Parides MC. Comparison of Acute Stroke Preparedness Strategies to Decrease Emergency Department Arrival Time in a Multiethnic Cohort: The Stroke Warning Information and Faster Treatment Study. Stroke. 2015 Jul; 46(7):1806-12. PMID: 26069259.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Berkman LF, Zheng Y, Glymour MM, Avendano M, Börsch-Supan A, Sabbath EL. Mothering alone: cross-national comparisons of later-life disability and health among women who were single mothers. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Sep; 69(9):865-72. PMID: 25977123.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Gilsanz P, Walter S, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Patton KK, Moon JR, Capistrant BD, Marden JR, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Changes in Depressive Symptoms and Incidence of First Stroke Among Middle-Aged and Older US Adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 May; 4(5). PMID: 25971438; PMCID: PMC4599421.
    43. Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Walter S, Vansteelandt S, Martinussen T, Glymour M. Instrumental variable estimation in a survival context. Epidemiology. 2015 May; 26(3):402-10. PMID: 25692223; PMCID: PMC4387894 [Available on 05/01/16].
    44. Sabbath EL, Guevara IM, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Use of life course work-family profiles to predict mortality risk among US women. Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr; 105(4):e96-e102. PMID: 25713976; PMCID: PMC4358181 [Available on 04/01/16].
    45. Nguyen QC, Osypuk TL, Schmidt NM, Glymour MM, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ. Practical guidance for conducting mediation analysis with multiple mediators using inverse odds ratio weighting. Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Mar 1; 181(5):349-56. PMID: 25693776; PMCID: PMC4339385 [Available on 03/01/16].
    46. Walter S, Kubzansky LD, Koenen KC, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis MC, Chang SC, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Revisiting Mendelian randomization studies of the effect of body mass index on depression. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2015 Mar; 168B(2):108-15. PMID: 25656382; PMCID: PMC4387873 [Available on 03/01/16].
    47. Cylus J, Glymour MM, Avendano M. Health effects of unemployment benefit program generosity. Am J Public Health. 2015 Feb; 105(2):317-23. PMID: 25521897; PMCID: PMC4318319 [Available on 02/01/16].
    48. Wu Q, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Osypuk T, Weuve J, White K, Mujahid M, Glymour MM. Estimating the cognitive effects of prevalent diabetes, recent onset diabetes, and the duration of diabetes among older adults. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2015; 39(3-4):239-49. PMID: 25613323.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Rist PM, Marden JR, Capistrant BD, Wu Q, Glymour MM. Do physical activity, smoking, drinking, or depression modify transitions from cognitive impairment to functional disability? J Alzheimers Dis. 2015; 44(4):1171-80. PMID: 25408214; PMCID: PMC4336575 [Available on 01/01/16].
    50. Ionescu-Ittu R, Glymour MM, Kaufman JS. A difference-in-differences approach to estimate the effect of income-supplementation on food insecurity. Prev Med. 2015 Jan; 70:108-16. PMID: 25475685.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Litt JS, Glymour M, Hauser-Cram P, Hehir T, McCormick MC. The effect of the Infant Health and Development Program on special education use at school age. J Pediatr. 2015 Feb; 166(2):457-62.e1. PMID: 25449222.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Bhan N, Kawachi I, Glymour MM, Subramanian SV. Time Trends in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Asthma Prevalence in the United States From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Study (1999-2011). Am J Public Health. 2015 Jun; 105(6):1269-75. PMID: 25320897.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Cornelis MC, Chiuve SE, Glymour MM, Chang SC, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Liang L, Koenen KC, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Bachelors, divorcees, and widowers: does marriage protect men from type 2 diabetes? PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e106720. PMID: 25229473; PMCID: PMC4167705.
    54. Montine TJ, Koroshetz WJ, Babcock D, Dickson DW, Galpern WR, Glymour MM, Greenberg SM, Hutton ML, Knopman DS, Kuzmichev AN, Manly JJ, Marder KS, Miller BL, Phelps CH, Seeley WW, Sieber BA, Silverberg NB, Sutherland M, Torborg CL, Waddy SP, Zlokovic BV, Corriveau RA. Recommendations of the Alzheimer's disease-related dementias conference. Neurology. 2014 Aug 26; 83(9):851-60. PMID: 25080517; PMCID: PMC4155046.
    55. Marden JR, Walter S, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Validation of a polygenic risk score for dementia in black and white individuals. Brain Behav. 2014 Sep; 4(5):687-97. PMID: 25328845; PMCID: PMC4107377.
    56. Walter S, Glymour M, Avendano M. The health effects of US unemployment insurance policy: does income from unemployment benefits prevent cardiovascular disease? PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e101193. PMID: 25025281; PMCID: PMC4098914.
    57. Glymour MM. Alcohol and cardiovascular disease. BMJ. 2014; 349:g4334. PMID: 25011451.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Cylus J, Glymour MM, Avendano M. Do generous unemployment benefit programs reduce suicide rates? A state fixed-effect analysis covering 1968-2008. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Jul 1; 180(1):45-52. PMID: 24939978; PMCID: PMC4070935.
    59. Cylus J, Glymour MM, Avendano M. Cylus et al. respond to "unrealized benefits?". Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Jul 1; 180(1):56-7. PMID: 24939979; PMCID: PMC4133557.
    60. Vable AM, Subramanian SV, Rist PM, Glymour MM. Does the "widowhood effect" precede spousal bereavement? Results from a nationally representative sample of older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Mar; 23(3):283-92. PMID: 24974142.
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    61. Schneider BC, Gross AL, Bangen KJ, Skinner JC, Benitez A, Glymour MM, Sachs BC, Shih RA, Sisco S, Manly JJ, Luchsinger JA. Association of vascular risk factors with cognition in a multiethnic sample. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2015 Jul; 70(4):532-44. PMID: 24821298; PMCID: PMC4462669 [Available on 07/01/16].
    62. Arcaya M, Glymour MM, Chakrabarti P, Christakis NA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Effects of proximate foreclosed properties on individuals' systolic blood pressure in Massachusetts, 1987 to 2008. Circulation. 2014 Jun 3; 129(22):2262-8. PMID: 24891622; PMCID: PMC4098719.
    63. Dufouil C, Pereira E, Chêne G, Glymour MM, Alpérovitch A, Saubusse E, Risse-Fleury M, Heuls B, Salord JC, Brieu MA, Forette F. Older age at retirement is associated with decreased risk of dementia. Eur J Epidemiol. 2014 May; 29(5):353-61. PMID: 24791704.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Arcaya M, Glymour MM, Christakis NA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Individual and spousal unemployment as predictors of smoking and drinking behavior. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Jun; 110:89-95. PMID: 24727666; PMCID: PMC4043205.
    65. Rist PM, Capistrant BD, Wu Q, Marden JR, Glymour MM. Dementia and dependence: do modifiable risk factors delay disability? Neurology. 2014 Apr 29; 82(17):1543-50. PMID: 24682970; PMCID: PMC4011462.
    66. Wang Q, Mejía-Guevara I, Rist PM, Walter S, Capistrant BD, Glymour MM. Changes in memory before and after stroke differ by age and sex, but not by race. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014; 37(4):235-43. PMID: 24686293; PMCID: PMC4347666.
    67. Bhan N, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Childhood adversity and asthma prevalence: evidence from 10 US states (2009-2011). BMJ Open Respir Res. 2014; 1(1):e000016. PMID: 25478171; PMCID: PMC4212798.
    68. Nandi A, Glymour MM, Subramanian SV. Association among socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and all-cause mortality in the United States. Epidemiology. 2014 Mar; 25(2):170-7. PMID: 24487200.
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    69. Mukherjee S, Kim S, Ramanan VK, Gibbons LE, Nho K, Glymour MM, Ertekin-Taner N, Montine TJ, Saykin AJ, Crane PK. Gene-based GWAS and biological pathway analysis of the resilience of executive functioning. Brain Imaging Behav. 2014 Mar; 8(1):110-8. PMID: 24072271; PMCID: PMC3944472.
    70. Sisco S, Gross AL, Shih RA, Sachs BC, Glymour MM, Bangen KJ, Benitez A, Skinner J, Schneider BC, Manly JJ. The role of early-life educational quality and literacy in explaining racial disparities in cognition in late life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2015 Jul; 70(4):557-67. PMID: 24584038; PMCID: PMC4462668 [Available on 07/01/16].
    71. Chang SC, Glymour MM, Walter S, Liang L, Koenen KC, Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis MC, Kawachi I, Rimm E, Kubzansky LD. Genome-wide polygenic scoring for a 14-year long-term average depression phenotype. Brain Behav. 2014 Mar; 4(2):298-311. PMID: 24683521; PMCID: PMC3967544.
    72. Rist PM, Glymour MM, Orav EJ, Kim E, Kase CS, Buring JE, Kurth T. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and functional outcome from ischemic cerebral events among women. Eur J Intern Med. 2014 Mar; 25(3):255-8. PMID: 24525385; PMCID: PMC3970177.
    73. Capistrant BD, Mejia NI, Liu SY, Wang Q, Glymour MM. The disability burden associated with stroke emerges before stroke onset and differentially affects blacks: results from the health and retirement study cohort. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Jul; 69(7):860-70. PMID: 24444610; PMCID: PMC4067116.
    74. Capistrant BD, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Assessing mobility difficulties for cross-national comparisons: results from the World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Feb; 62(2):329-35. PMID: 24438515; PMCID: PMC3945402.
    75. Roberts AL, Glymour MM, Koenen KC. Considering alternative explanations for the associations among childhood adversity, childhood abuse, and adult sexual orientation: reply to Bailey and Bailey (2013) and Rind (2013). Arch Sex Behav. 2014 Jan; 43(1):191-6. PMID: 24366661; PMCID: PMC3951775.
    76. White K, Mondesir FL, Bates LM, Glymour MM. Diabetes risk, diagnosis, and control: do psychosocial factors predict hemoglobin A1c defined outcomes or accuracy of self-reports? Ethn Dis. 2014; 24(1):19-27. PMID: 24620444.
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    77. Glymour MM, Vittinghoff E. Commentary: selection bias as an explanation for the obesity paradox: just because it's possible doesn't mean it's plausible. Epidemiology. 2014 Jan; 25(1):4-6. PMID: 24296924.
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    78. Patton KK, Glymour MM. In anticipation of grief: using insights from social epidemiology to improve quality of care. Circulation. 2013 Dec 24; 128(25):2725-8. PMID: 24366587.
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    79. Montez JK, Sabbath E, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Trends in Work-Family Context among U.S. Women by Education Level, 1976 to 2011. Popul Res Policy Rev. 2014 Oct; 33(5):629-648. PMID: 28066092.
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    80. Walter S, Glymour MM, Koenen K, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis M, Chang SC, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Performance of polygenic scores for predicting phobic anxiety. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e80326. PMID: 24278274; PMCID: PMC3835914.
    81. Moon JR, Glymour MM, Vable AM, Liu SY, Subramanian SV. Short- and long-term associations between widowhood and mortality in the United States: longitudinal analyses. J Public Health (Oxf). 2014 Sep; 36(3):382-9. PMID: 24167198; PMCID: PMC4181424.
    82. Chang SC, Glymour MM, Rewak M, Cornelis MC, Walter S, Koenen KC, Kawachi I, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kubzansky LD. Are genetic variations in OXTR, AVPR1A, and CD38 genes important to social integration? Results from two large U.S. cohorts. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014 Jan; 39:257-68. PMID: 24209975; PMCID: PMC3864016.
    83. Glymour MM, Osypuk TL, Rehkopf DH. Invited commentary: Off-roading with social epidemiology--exploration, causation, translation. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 15; 178(6):858-63. PMID: 24008902.
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    84. Leist AK, Glymour MM, Mackenbach JP, van Lenthe FJ, Avendano M. Time away from work predicts later cognitive function: differences by activity during leave. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 23(8):455-62. PMID: 23889855; PMCID: PMC3832060.
    85. Arcaya M, Glymour MM, Chakrabarti P, Christakis NA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Effects of proximate foreclosed properties on individuals' weight gain in Massachusetts, 1987-2008. Am J Public Health. 2013 Sep; 103(9):e50-6. PMID: 23865706; PMCID: PMC3966688.
    86. Sabbath EL, Glymour MM, Descatha A, Leclerc A, Zins M, Goldberg M, Berkman LF. Biomechanical and psychosocial occupational exposures: joint predictors of post-retirement functional health in the French GAZEL cohort. Adv Life Course Res. 2013 Dec; 18(4):235-43. PMID: 24796708.
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    87. Capistrant BD, Berkman LF, Glymour MM. Does duration of spousal caregiving affect risk of depression onset? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Aug; 22(8):766-70. PMID: 23791537; PMCID: PMC3785551.
    88. Nguyen QC, Schmidt NM, Glymour MM, Rehkopf DH, Osypuk TL. Were the mental health benefits of a housing mobility intervention larger for adolescents in higher socioeconomic status families? Health Place. 2013 Sep; 23:79-88. PMID: 23792412; PMCID: PMC3757111.
    89. Capistrant BD, Wang Q, Liu SY, Glymour MM. Stroke-associated differences in rates of activity of daily living loss emerge years before stroke onset. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):931-8. PMID: 23668393; PMCID: PMC4312665.
    90. Howard VJ, McClure LA, Glymour MM, Cunningham SA, Kleindorfer DO, Crowe M, Wadley VG, Peace F, Howard G, Lackland DT. Effect of duration and age at exposure to the Stroke Belt on incident stroke in adulthood. Neurology. 2013 Apr 30; 80(18):1655-61. PMID: 23616168; PMCID: PMC3716470.
    91. Glymour MM, Benjamin EJ, Kosheleva A, Gilsanz P, Curtis LH, Patton KK. Early life predictors of atrial fibrillation-related mortality: evidence from the health and retirement study. Health Place. 2013 May; 21:133-9. PMID: 23454734; PMCID: PMC3640834.
    92. Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Walter S, Glymour MM. Commentary: building an evidence base for mendelian randomization studies: assessing the validity and strength of proposed genetic instrumental variables. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Feb; 42(1):328-31. PMID: 23508417; PMCID: PMC3600630.
    93. Capistrant BD, Gilsanz P, Moon JR, Kosheleva A, Patton KK, Glymour MM. Does the association between depressive symptoms and cardiovascular mortality risk vary by race? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study. Ethn Dis. 2013; 23(2):155-60. PMID: 23530295; PMCID: PMC3616329.
    94. Gilman SE, Fitzmaurice GM, Bruce ML, Ten Have T, Glymour MM, Carliner H, Alexopoulos GS, Mulsant BH, Reynolds CF, Cohen A. Economic inequalities in the effectiveness of a primary care intervention for depression and suicidal ideation. Epidemiology. 2013 Jan; 24(1):14-22. PMID: 23232609; PMCID: PMC3523272.
    95. Habeck C, Risacher S, Lee GJ, Glymour MM, Mormino E, Mukherjee S, Kim S, Nho K, DeCarli C, Saykin AJ, Crane PK. Relationship between baseline brain metabolism measured using [¹8F]FDG PET and memory and executive function in prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Dec; 6(4):568-83. PMID: 23179062; PMCID: PMC3532575.
    96. Nho K, Risacher SL, Crane PK, DeCarli C, Glymour MM, Habeck C, Kim S, Lee GJ, Mormino E, Mukherjee S, Shen L, West JD, Saykin AJ. Voxel and surface-based topography of memory and executive deficits in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Dec; 6(4):551-67. PMID: 23070747; PMCID: PMC3532574.
    97. Osypuk TL, Tchetgen EJ, Acevedo-Garcia D, Earls FJ, Lincoln A, Schmidt NM, Glymour MM. Differential mental health effects of neighborhood relocation among youth in vulnerable families: results from a randomized trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Dec; 69(12):1284-94. PMID: 23045214; PMCID: PMC3629812.
    98. Mungas D, Crane PK, Gibbons LE, Manly JJ, Glymour MM, Jones RN. Advanced psychometric analysis and the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: reports from the 2011 Friday Harbor conference. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Dec; 6(4):485-8. PMID: 23232798; PMCID: PMC3532555.
    99. Mukherjee S, Kim S, Gibbons LE, Nho K, Risacher SL, Glymour MM, Habeck C, Lee GJ, Mormino E, Ertekin-Taner N, Montine TJ, Decarli C, Saykin AJ, Crane PK. Genetic architecture of resilience of executive functioning. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Dec; 6(4):621-33. PMID: 22711244; PMCID: PMC3607298.
    100. Glymour MM, Osypuk TL. Promoting health and improving survival into very old age. BMJ. 2012; 345:e6452. PMID: 23015392.
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    101. Roberts AL, Glymour MM, Koenen KC. Does maltreatment in childhood affect sexual orientation in adulthood? Arch Sex Behav. 2013 Feb; 42(2):161-71. PMID: 22976519; PMCID: PMC3535560.
    102. Glymour MM, Chêne G, Tzourio C, Dufouil C. Brain MRI markers and dropout in a longitudinal study of cognitive aging: the Three-City Dijon Study. Neurology. 2012 Sep 25; 79(13):1340-8. PMID: 22972647; PMCID: PMC3448743.
    103. Liu SY, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Education and inequalities in risk scores for coronary heart disease and body mass index: evidence for a population strategy. Epidemiology. 2012 Sep; 23(5):657-64. PMID: 22814529.
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    104. Wang Q, Capistrant BD, Ehntholt A, Glymour MM. Long-term rate of change in memory functioning before and after stroke onset. Stroke. 2012 Oct; 43(10):2561-6. PMID: 22935399; PMCID: PMC3675175.
    105. Osypuk TL, Schmidt NM, Bates LM, Tchetgen-Tchetgen EJ, Earls FJ, Glymour MM. Gender and crime victimization modify neighborhood effects on adolescent mental health. Pediatrics. 2012 Sep; 130(3):472-81. PMID: 22908105; PMCID: PMC3428753.
    106. Rist PM, Kang JH, Buring JE, Glymour MM, Grodstein F, Kurth T. Migraine and cognitive decline among women: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2012; 345:e5027. PMID: 22875950; PMCID: PMC3414433.
    107. Liu SY, Chavan NR, Glymour MM. Type of high-school credentials and older age ADL and IADL limitations: is the GED credential equivalent to a diploma? Gerontologist. 2013 Apr; 53(2):326-33. PMID: 22859434.
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    108. Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Glymour MM, Weuve J, Robins J. Specifying the correlation structure in inverse-probability- weighting estimation for repeated measures. Epidemiology. 2012 Jul; 23(4):644-6. PMID: 22659551.
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    109. Sabbath EL, Glymour MM, Berr C, Singh-Manoux A, Zins M, Goldberg M, Berkman LF. Occupational solvent exposure and cognition: does the association vary by level of education? Neurology. 2012 May 29; 78(22):1754-60. PMID: 22641403; PMCID: PMC3359584.
    110. Moon JR, Glymour MM, Subramanian SV, Avendaño M, Kawachi I. Transition to retirement and risk of cardiovascular disease: prospective analysis of the US health and retirement study. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Aug; 75(3):526-30. PMID: 22607954; PMCID: PMC3367095.
    111. Datta GD, Glymour MM, Kosheleva A, Chen JT. Prostate cancer mortality and birth or adult residence in the southern United States. Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Jul; 23(7):1039-46. PMID: 22547136.
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    112. Glymour MM, Tzourio C, Dufouil C. Glymour et al. Respond to "Is Cognitive Aging Predicted by Educational Level?" Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr 2. PMID: 22472115.
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    113. Glymour MM, Tzourio C, Dufouil C. Is cognitive aging predicted by one's own or one's parents' educational level? results from the three-city study. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr 15; 175(8):750-9. PMID: 22472116; PMCID: PMC3491976.
    114. Nandi A, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, VanderWeele TJ. Using marginal structural models to estimate the direct effect of adverse childhood social conditions on onset of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Epidemiology. 2012 Mar; 23(2):223-32. PMID: 22317806; PMCID: PMC3414366.
    115. Moon JR, Capistrant BD, Kawachi I, Avendaño M, Subramanian SV, Bates LM, Glymour MM. Stroke incidence in older US Hispanics: is foreign birth protective? Stroke. 2012 May; 43(5):1224-9. PMID: 22357712; PMCID: PMC3838631.
    116. Liu SY, Linkletter CD, Loucks EB, Glymour MM, Buka SL. Decreased births among black female adolescents following school desegregation. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Apr; 74(7):982-8. PMID: 22365940.
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    117. Glymour MM, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Robins JM. Credible Mendelian randomization studies: approaches for evaluating the instrumental variable assumptions. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Feb 15; 175(4):332-9. PMID: 22247045; PMCID: PMC3366596.
    118. Singh-Manoux A, Kivimaki M, Glymour MM, Elbaz A, Berr C, Ebmeier KP, Ferrie JE, Dugravot A. Timing of onset of cognitive decline: results from Whitehall II prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2012; 344:d7622. PMID: 22223828; PMCID: PMC3281313.
    119. Cornelis MC, Glymour MM, Chang SC, Tchetgen EJ, Liang L, Koenen KC, Kang JH, Pasquale LR, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) is not associated with optimism in the Nurses' Health Study. Mol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec; 17(12):1157-9. PMID: 22212599; PMCID: PMC3587169.
    120. Weuve J, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Glymour MM, Beck TL, Aggarwal NT, Wilson RS, Evans DA, Mendes de Leon CF. Accounting for bias due to selective attrition: the example of smoking and cognitive decline. Epidemiology. 2012 Jan; 23(1):119-28. PMID: 21989136; PMCID: PMC3237815.
    121. Capistrant BD, Moon JR, Glymour MM. Spousal caregiving and incident hypertension. Am J Hypertens. 2012 Apr; 25(4):437-43. PMID: 22189941; PMCID: PMC3836043.
    122. Capistrant BD, Moon JR, Berkman LF, Glymour MM. Current and long-term spousal caregiving and onset of cardiovascular disease. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Oct; 66(10):951-6. PMID: 22080816; PMCID: PMC3855843.
    123. Zahodne LB, Glymour MM, Sparks C, Bontempo D, Dixon RA, MacDonald SW, Manly JJ. Education does not slow cognitive decline with aging: 12-year evidence from the victoria longitudinal study. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011 Nov; 17(6):1039-46. PMID: 21923980; PMCID: PMC3285821.
    124. Kvaavik E, Glymour M, Klepp KI, Tell GS, Batty GD. Parental education as a predictor of offspring behavioural and physiological cardiovascular disease risk factors. Eur J Public Health. 2012 Aug; 22(4):544-50. PMID: 21893507; PMCID: PMC3402716.
    125. Haas SA, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Childhood health and labor market inequality over the life course. J Health Soc Behav. 2011 Sep; 52(3):298-313. PMID: 21896684.
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    126. Haas SA, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Policy brief. J Health Soc Behav. 2011 Sep; 52(3):297. PMID: 21896683.
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    127. Moon JR, Kondo N, Glymour MM, Subramanian SV. Widowhood and mortality: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2011; 6(8):e23465. PMID: 21858130; PMCID: PMC3157386.
    128. Rist PM, Dufouil C, Glymour MM, Tzourio C, Kurth T. Migraine and cognitive decline in the population-based EVA study. Cephalalgia. 2011 Sep; 31(12):1291-300. PMID: 21816772; PMCID: PMC3175294.
    129. Patton KK, Benjamin EJ, Kosheleva A, Curtis LH, Glymour MM. Early-life antecedents of atrial fibrillation: place of birth and atrial fibrillation-related mortality. Ann Epidemiol. 2011 Oct; 21(10):732-8. PMID: 21798760; PMCID: PMC3166377.
    130. Jones RN, Manly J, Glymour MM, Rentz DM, Jefferson AL, Stern Y. Conceptual and measurement challenges in research on cognitive reserve. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011 Jul; 17(4):593-601. PMID: 21411036; PMCID: PMC3289742.
    131. Glymour MM, Kosheleva A, Wadley VG, Weiss C, Manly JJ. Geographic distribution of dementia mortality: elevated mortality rates for black and white Americans by place of birth. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2011 Jul-Sep; 25(3):196-202. PMID: 21297428; PMCID: PMC3383774.
    132. Weuve J, Glymour MM, Hu H, Sparrow D, Spiro A, Vokonas PS, Litonjua AA. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second and cognitive aging in men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jul; 59(7):1283-92. PMID: 21718272; PMCID: PMC3758858.
    133. Glymour MM, Yen JJ, Kosheleva A, Moon JR, Capistrant BD, Patton KK. Elevated depressive symptoms and incident stroke in Hispanic, African-American, and White older Americans. J Behav Med. 2012 Apr; 35(2):211-20. PMID: 21656258; PMCID: PMC3305882.
    134. Singh-Manoux A, Marmot MG, Glymour M, Sabia S, Kivimäki M, Dugravot A. Does cognitive reserve shape cognitive decline? Ann Neurol. 2011 Aug; 70(2):296-304. PMID: 21563209; PMCID: PMC3152621.
    135. White K, Borrell LN, Wong DW, Galea S, Ogedegbe G, Glymour MM. Racial/ethnic residential segregation and self-reported hypertension among US- and foreign-born blacks in New York City. Am J Hypertens. 2011 Aug; 24(8):904-10. PMID: 21509051.
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    136. Mayeux R, Reitz C, Brickman AM, Haan MN, Manly JJ, Glymour MM, Weiss CC, Yaffe K, Middleton L, Hendrie HC, Warren LH, Hayden KM, Welsh-Bohmer KA, Breitner JC, Morris JC. Operationalizing diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and other age-related cognitive impairment-Part 1. Alzheimers Dement. 2011 Jan; 7(1):15-34. PMID: 21255741; PMCID: PMC3063444.
    137. Kaufman JS, Glymour MM. Splitting the differences: problems in using twin controls to study the effects of BMI on mortality. Epidemiology. 2011 Jan; 22(1):104-6; discussion 107-8. PMID: 21150356.
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    138. Glymour MM, Maselko J, Gilman SE, Patton KK, Avendaño M. Depressive symptoms predict incident stroke independently of memory impairments. Neurology. 2010 Dec 7; 75(23):2063-70. PMID: 21135381; PMCID: PMC2995534.
    139. Glymour MM, Mujahid M, Wu Q, White K, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ. Neighborhood disadvantage and self-assessed health, disability, and depressive symptoms: longitudinal results from the health and retirement study. Ann Epidemiol. 2010 Nov; 20(11):856-61. PMID: 20933193; PMCID: PMC3079486.
    140. Liu S, Jones RN, Glymour MM. Implications of Lifecourse Epidemiology for Research on Determinants of Adult Disease. Public Health Rev. 2010 Nov; 32(2):489-511. PMID: 24639598.
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    141. Rehkopf DH, Jencks C, Glymour MM. The association of earnings with health in middle age: Do self-reported earnings for the previous year tell the whole story? Soc Sci Med. 2010 Aug; 71(3):431-9. PMID: 20580858.
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    142. Glymour MM, Kosheleva A, Boden-Albala B. Birth and adult residence in the Stroke Belt independently predict stroke mortality. Neurology. 2009 Dec 1; 73(22):1858-65. PMID: 19949032; PMCID: PMC2796440.
    143. Maselko J, Bates LM, Avendaño M, Glymour MM. The intersection of sex, marital status, and cardiovascular risk factors in shaping stroke incidence: results from the health and retirement study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Dec; 57(12):2293-9. PMID: 19874408.
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    144. Helzner EP, Luchsinger JA, Scarmeas N, Cosentino S, Brickman AM, Glymour MM, Stern Y. Contribution of vascular risk factors to the progression in Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol. 2009 Mar; 66(3):343-8. PMID: 19273753; PMCID: PMC3105324.
    145. DeFries T, Avendaño M, Glymour MM. Level and change in cognitive test scores predict risk of first stroke. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Mar; 57(3):499-505. PMID: 19175440.
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    146. Avendano M, Glymour MM, Banks J, Mackenbach JP. Health disadvantage in US adults aged 50 to 74 years: a comparison of the health of rich and poor Americans with that of Europeans. Am J Public Health. 2009 Mar; 99(3):540-8. PMID: 19150903; PMCID: PMC2661456.
    147. Glymour MM, Avendano M. Can self-reported strokes be used to study stroke incidence and risk factors?: evidence from the health and retirement study. Stroke. 2009 Mar; 40(3):873-9. PMID: 19150869.
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    148. Glymour MM, Avendaño M, Haas S, Berkman LF. Lifecourse social conditions and racial disparities in incidence of first stroke. Ann Epidemiol. 2008 Dec; 18(12):904-12. PMID: 19041589; PMCID: PMC2796851.
    149. Glymour MM, Weuve J, Chen JT. Methodological challenges in causal research on racial and ethnic patterns of cognitive trajectories: measurement, selection, and bias. Neuropsychol Rev. 2008 Sep; 18(3):194-213. PMID: 18819008; PMCID: PMC3640811.
    150. Glymour MM, Manly JJ. Lifecourse social conditions and racial and ethnic patterns of cognitive aging. Neuropsychol Rev. 2008 Sep; 18(3):223-54. PMID: 18815889.
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    151. Glymour MM, Defries TB, Kawachi I, Avendano M. Spousal smoking and incidence of first stroke: the Health and Retirement Study. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Sep; 35(3):245-8. PMID: 18692737; PMCID: PMC2796850.
    152. Glymour MM, Weuve J, Fay ME, Glass T, Berkman LF. Social ties and cognitive recovery after stroke: does social integration promote cognitive resilience? Neuroepidemiology. 2008; 31(1):10-20. PMID: 18535395; PMCID: PMC2794277.
    153. Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Jencks CS, Berkman LF. Does childhood schooling affect old age memory or mental status? Using state schooling laws as natural experiments. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 Jun; 62(6):532-7. PMID: 18477752; PMCID: PMC2796854.
    154. Ertel KA, Glymour MM, Berkman LF. Effects of social integration on preserving memory function in a nationally representative US elderly population. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul; 98(7):1215-20. PMID: 18511736; PMCID: PMC2424091.
    155. Avendano M, Glymour MM. Stroke disparities in older Americans: is wealth a more powerful indicator of risk than income and education? Stroke. 2008 May; 39(5):1533-40. PMID: 18436891; PMCID: PMC3079499.
    156. Cosentino S, Scarmeas N, Helzner E, Glymour MM, Brandt J, Albert M, Blacker D, Stern Y. APOE epsilon 4 allele predicts faster cognitive decline in mild Alzheimer disease. Neurology. 2008 May 6; 70(19 Pt 2):1842-9. PMID: 18401023; PMCID: PMC2676693.
    157. Glymour MM. Sensitive periods and first difference models: integrating etiologic thinking into econometric techniques: a commentary on Clarkwest's "Neo-materialist theory and the temporal relationship between income inequality and longevity change". Soc Sci Med. 2008 May; 66(9):1895-902; discussion 1903-8. PMID: 18281135.
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    158. Avendano M, Glymour M. Obesity doesn't explain U.S.-Europe disparities. Health Aff (Millwood). 2008 Jan-Feb; 27(1):298. PMID: 18180507.
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    159. Stein Z, Glymour MM. Diaphragms and lubricant gel for prevention of HIV. Lancet. 2007 Dec 1; 370(9602):1823; author reply 1823-4. PMID: 18061046.
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    160. Glymour MM, Berkman LF, Ertel KA, Fay ME, Glass TA, Furie KL. Lesion characteristics, NIH stroke scale, and functional recovery after stroke. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Sep; 86(9):725-33. PMID: 17709996.
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    161. Glymour MM, Avendaño M, Berkman LF. Is the 'stroke belt' worn from childhood?: risk of first stroke and state of residence in childhood and adulthood. Stroke. 2007 Sep; 38(9):2415-21. PMID: 17673716.
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    162. Ertel KA, Glymour MM, Glass TA, Berkman LF. Frailty modifies effectiveness of psychosocial intervention in recovery from stroke. Clin Rehabil. 2007 Jun; 21(6):511-22. PMID: 17613582.
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    163. Glymour MM. Commentary: Selected samples and nebulous measures: some methodological difficulties in life-course epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol. 2007 Jun; 36(3):566-8. PMID: 17510068.
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    164. Glymour MM. Invited commentary: when bad genes look good - APOE*E4, cognitive decline, and diagnostic thresholds. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Jun 1; 165(11):1239-46; author reply 1247. PMID: 17431011.
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    165. Glymour MM, Kawachi I. Review of publication bias in studies on publication bias: here's a proposal for editors that may help reduce publication bias. BMJ. 2005 Sep 17; 331(7517):638. PMID: 16166149; PMCID: PMC1215604.
    166. Glymour MM, Weuve J, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Robins JM. When is baseline adjustment useful in analyses of change? An example with education and cognitive change. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Aug 1; 162(3):267-78. PMID: 15987729.
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    167. Glass TA, Berkman LF, Hiltunen EF, Furie K, Glymour MM, Fay ME, Ware J. The Families In Recovery From Stroke Trial (FIRST): primary study results. Psychosom Med. 2004 Nov-Dec; 66(6):889-97. PMID: 15564354.
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    168. Glymour MM, Saha S, Bigby J. Physician race and ethnicity, professional satisfaction, and work-related stress: results from the Physician Worklife Study. J Natl Med Assoc. 2004 Oct; 96(10):1283-9, 1294. PMID: 15540879; PMCID: PMC2568518.
    169. Storb U, Engler P, Klotz E, Weng A, Haasch D, Pinkert C, Doglio L, Glymour M, Brinster R. Rearrangement and expression of immunoglobulin genes in transgenic mice. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1992; 182:137-41. PMID: 1490348.
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    170. Engler P, Haasch D, Pinkert CA, Doglio L, Glymour M, Brinster R, Storb U. A strain-specific modifier on mouse chromosome 4 controls the methylation of independent transgene loci. Cell. 1991 Jun 14; 65(6):939-47. PMID: 2044153.
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