Elizabeth Blackburn, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Biochemistry and Biophysics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address600 16th St, #S312F
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-4885-0544 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    2009Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
    2009Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Morris Herztein Professor of Biology and Physiology in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco, is a leader in the area of telomere and telomerase research.

    She discovered the molecular nature of telomeres - the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes that serve as protective caps essential for preserving the genetic information - and the ribonucleoprotein enzyme, telomerase. Blackburn and her research team at the University of California, San Francisco are working with various cells including human cells, with the goal of understanding telomerase and telomere biology.

    Blackburn earned her B.Sc. (1970) and M.Sc. (1972) degrees from the University of Melbourne in Australia, and her Ph.D. (1975) from the University of Cambridge in England. She did her postdoctoral work in Molecular and Cellular Biology from 1975 to 1977 at Yale.

    In 1978, Blackburn joined the faculty at the University of California at Berkeley in the Department of Molecular Biology. In 1990, she joined the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at UC San Francisco, where she served as Department Chair from 1993 to 1999. Blackburn is currently a faculty member in Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at UCSF. She is also a Non-Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute.

    Throughout her career, Blackburn has been honored by her peers as the recipient of many prestigious awards. She was elected President of the American Society for Cell Biology for the year 1998. Blackburn is an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991), the Royal Society of London (1992), the American Academy of Microbiology (1993), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2000).

    She was elected Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences in 1993, and was elected as a Member of the Institute of Medicine in 2000. She was awarded the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award in Basic Medical Research (2006). In 2007 she was named one of TIME Magazine’s 100 Most influential People and she is the 2008 North American Laureate for L’Oreal-UNESCO For Women in Science.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Social Disadvantage and Fetal Programming of Newborn-Infant Telomere Biology
    NIH R01AG050455Sep 15, 2016 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Inflammation, Aging, Microbes, Obstructive Lung Disease and Diffusion Abnormalities (I AM OLD-DA) Study
    NIH R01HL128156Jul 1, 2015 - Apr 30, 2025
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Synergism of telomere maintenance and telomerase with cancer-promoting signaling
    NIH R01CA096840Sep 1, 2002 - Jun 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R01DE011356Sep 30, 1994 - Sep 29, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SPORE in Breast Cancer
    NIH P50CA058207Sep 30, 1992 - Nov 30, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH R13GM036836Jun 1, 1986 - May 31, 1987
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R01GM032565Aug 1, 1983 - Jul 31, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bio-Organic Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Resource
    NIH P41RR001614Mar 1, 1982 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator
    The function of telomerase and telomeres
    NIH R01GM026259Jul 1, 1978 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R37GM026259Jul 1, 1978 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular Biology of Eukaryotic Cells and Viruses
    NIH T32CA009270Sep 1, 1976 - Jun 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Shorter telomere length predicts poor antidepressant response and poorer cardiometabolic indices in major depression. Sci Rep. 2023 06 23; 13(1):10238. Rampersaud R, Wu GWY, Reus VI, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Epel ES, Hough CM, Mellon SH, Wolkowitz OM. PMID: 37353495; PMCID: PMC10290110.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    2. Predictors of long-term neutralizing antibody titers following COVID-19 vaccination by three vaccine types: the BOOST study. Sci Rep. 2023 05 09; 13(1):6505. Prather AA, Dutcher EG, Robinson J, Lin J, Blackburn E, Hecht FM, Mason AE, Fromer E, Merino B, Frazier R, O'Bryan J, Drury S, Epel ES. PMID: 37160978; PMCID: PMC10170073.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    3. The fluctuation-dissipation measurement instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source. Rev Sci Instrum. 2022 Aug 01; 93(8):083902. Assefa TA, Seaberg MH, Reid AH, Shen L, Esposito V, Dakovski GL, Schlotter W, Holladay B, Streubel R, Montoya SA, Hart P, Nakahara K, Moeller S, Kevan SD, Fischer P, Fullerton EE, Colocho W, Lutman A, Decker FJ, Sinha SK, Roy S, Blackburn E, Turner JJ. PMID: 36050107.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Mechanistic basis for Sgo1-mediated centromere localization and function of the CPC. J Cell Biol. 2022 08 01; 221(8). Abad MA, Gupta T, Hadders MA, Meppelink A, Wopken JP, Blackburn E, Zou J, Gireesh A, Buzuk L, Kelly DA, McHugh T, Rappsilber J, Lens SMA, Jeyaprakash AA. PMID: 35776132; PMCID: PMC9253516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    5. Maternal Psychological Resilience During Pregnancy and Newborn Telomere Length: A Prospective Study. Am J Psychiatry. 2021 02 01; 178(2):183-192. Verner G, Epel E, Lahti-Pulkkinen M, Kajantie E, Buss C, Lin J, Blackburn E, Räikkönen K, Wadhwa PD, Entringer S. PMID: 32911996; PMCID: PMC7855094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Spatially inhomogeneous competition between superconductivity and the charge density wave in YBa2Cu3O6.67. Nat Commun. 2020 Feb 20; 11(1):990. Choi J, Ivashko O, Blackburn E, Liang R, Bonn DA, Hardy WN, Holmes AT, Christensen NB, Hücker M, Gerber S, Gutowski O, Rütt U, Zimmermann MV, Forgan EM, Hayden SM, Chang J. PMID: 32080170; PMCID: PMC7033133.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    7. Telomere length and socioeconomic status at neighborhood and individual levels among 80,000 adults in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging cohort. Environ Epidemiol. 2019 Jun; 3(3):e049. Alexeeff SE, Schaefer CA, Kvale MN, Shan J, Blackburn EH, Risch N, Ranatunga DK, Jorgenson E, Hoffmann TJ, Sakoda LC, Quesenberry CP, Van Den Eeden SK. PMID: 33778338; PMCID: PMC7939422.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13  
    8. Maternal pro-inflammatory state during pregnancy and newborn leukocyte telomere length: A prospective investigation. Brain Behav Immun. 2019 08; 80:419-426. Lazarides C, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Voelkle MC, Buss C, Simhan HN, Wadhwa PD, Entringer S. PMID: 30974172; PMCID: PMC7954441.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. An investigation of racial/ethnic and sex differences in the association between experiences of everyday discrimination and leukocyte telomere length among patients with coronary artery disease. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019 08; 106:122-128. Sullivan S, Hammadah M, Al Mheid I, Shah A, Sun YV, Kutner M, Ward L, Blackburn E, Zhao J, Lin J, Bremner JD, Quyyumi AA, Vaccarino V, Lewis TT. PMID: 30978531; PMCID: PMC6655339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    10. Local enrichment of HP1alpha at telomeres alters their structure and regulation of telomere protection. Nat Commun. 2018 09 04; 9(1):3583. Chow TT, Shi X, Wei JH, Guan J, Stadler G, Huang B, Blackburn EH. PMID: 30181605; PMCID: PMC6123478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. In vitro proinflammatory gene expression predicts in vivo telomere shortening: A preliminary study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2018 10; 96:179-187. Lin J, Sun J, Wang S, Milush JM, Baker CAR, Coccia M, Effros RB, Puterman E, Blackburn E, Prather AA, Epel E. PMID: 29980010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Chronic Obesity and Incident Hypertension in Latina Women Are Associated with Accelerated Telomere Length Loss over a 1-Year Period. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2018 08; 16(6):262-266. Wojcicki JM, Elwan D, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 29750592; PMCID: PMC6067100.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    13. Quantitative Characterization of the Nanoscale Local Lattice Strain Induced by Sr Dopants in La_{1.92}Sr_{0.08}CuO_{4}. Phys Rev Lett. 2018 May 11; 120(19):197001. Lin JQ, Liu X, Blackburn E, Wakimoto S, Ding H, Islam Z, Sinha SK. PMID: 29799254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    14. Telomere attrition is associated with declines in medial temporal lobe volume and white matter microstructure in functionally independent older adults. Neurobiol Aging. 2018 09; 69:68-75. Staffaroni AM, Tosun D, Lin J, Elahi FM, Casaletto KB, Wynn MJ, Patel N, Neuhaus J, Walters SM, Epel ES, Blackburn EH, Kramer JH. PMID: 29859365; PMCID: PMC6430612.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Shorter preschool, leukocyte telomere length is associated with obesity at age 9 in Latino children. Clin Obes. 2018 Apr; 8(2):88-94. Kjaer TW, Faurholt-Jepsen D, Mehta KM, Christensen VB, Epel E, Lin J, Blackburn E, Wojcicki JM. PMID: 29271129; PMCID: PMC5842114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    16. Validation of Minimally-Invasive Sample Collection Methods for Measurement of Telomere Length. Front Aging Neurosci. 2017; 9:397. Stout SA, Lin J, Hernandez N, Davis EP, Blackburn E, Carroll JE, Glynn LM. PMID: 29270121; PMCID: PMC5723637.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19  
    17. Socioeconomic Status, Financial Strain, and Leukocyte Telomere Length in a Sample of African American Midlife Men. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018 06; 5(3):459-467. Schrock JM, Adler NE, Epel ES, Nuru-Jeter AM, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Taylor RJ, Chae DH. PMID: 28634877.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. Telomere length is inversely correlated with urinary stress hormone levels in healthy controls but not in un-medicated depressed individuals-preliminary findings. J Psychosom Res. 2017 08; 99:177-180. Fair B, Mellon SH, Epel ES, Lin J, Révész D, Verhoeven JE, Penninx BW, Reus VI, Rosser R, Hough CM, Mahan L, Burke HM, Blackburn EH, Wolkowitz OM. PMID: 28712425; PMCID: PMC5551436.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    19. The Longitudinal Relationship Between Cortisol Responses to Mental Stress and Leukocyte Telomere Attrition. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 03 01; 102(3):962-969. Steptoe A, Hamer M, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Erusalimsky JD. PMID: 27967317; PMCID: PMC5460695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Correction: Change in Leukocyte Telomere Length Predicts Mortality in Patients with Stable Coronary Heart Disease from the Heart and Soul Study. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0168868. Goglin SE, Farzaneh-Far R, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Whooley MA. PMID: 27992608; PMCID: PMC5167420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    21. Leukocyte Telomere Length in Relation to 17 Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Cross-Sectional Study of US Adults. PLoS Med. 2016 Nov; 13(11):e1002188. Rehkopf DH, Needham BL, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Zota AR, Wojcicki JM, Epel ES. PMID: 27898678; PMCID: PMC5127504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. Change in Leukocyte Telomere Length Predicts Mortality in Patients with Stable Coronary Heart Disease from the Heart and Soul Study. PLoS One. 2016; 11(10):e0160748. Goglin SE, Farzaneh-Far R, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Whooley MA. PMID: 27783614; PMCID: PMC5081189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    23. Leukocyte telomere length and ideal cardiovascular health in American Indians: the Strong Heart Family Study. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 01; 32(1):67-75. Peng H, Mete M, Desale S, Fretts AM, Cole SA, Best LG, Lin J, Blackburn E, Lee ET, Howard BV, Zhao J. PMID: 27660162; PMCID: PMC5618104.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. HIV Infection Is Associated with Shortened Telomere Length in Ugandans with Suspected Tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0163153. Auld E, Lin J, Chang E, Byanyima P, Ayakaka I, Musisi E, Worodria W, Davis JL, Segal M, Blackburn E, Huang L. PMID: 27655116; PMCID: PMC5031464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    
    25. Meditation and vacation effects have an impact on disease-associated molecular phenotypes. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 08 30; 6(8):e880. Epel ES, Puterman E, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Lum PY, Beckmann ND, Zhu J, Lee E, Gilbert A, Rissman RA, Tanzi RE, Schadt EE. PMID: 27576169; PMCID: PMC5022094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Telomere Length, Proviral Load and Neurologic Impairment in HTLV-1 and HTLV-2-Infected Subjects. Viruses. 2016 08 11; 8(8). Usadi B, Bruhn R, Lin J, Lee TH, Blackburn E, Murphy EL. PMID: 27529270; PMCID: PMC4997583.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    27. Impact of biological aging on arterial aging in American Indians: findings from the Strong Heart Family Study. Aging (Albany NY). 2016 08; 8(8):1583-92. Peng H, Zhu Y, Yeh F, Cole SA, Best LG, Lin J, Blackburn E, Devereux RB, Roman MJ, Lee ET, Howard BV, Zhao J. PMID: 27540694; PMCID: PMC5032684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Early exclusive breastfeeding is associated with longer telomeres in Latino preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 08; 104(2):397-405. Wojcicki JM, Heyman MB, Elwan D, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 27440083; PMCID: PMC4962153.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. Early Loss of Telomerase Action in Yeast Creates a Dependence on the DNA Damage Response Adaptor Proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 2016 07 15; 36(14):1908-19. Jay KA, Smith DL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 27161319; PMCID: PMC4936065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    30. Leukocyte telomere length predicts SSRI response in major depressive disorder: A preliminary report. Mol Neuropsychiatry. 2016 Jul; 2(2):88-96. Hough CM, Bersani FS, Mellon SH, Epel ES, Reus VI, Lindqvist D, Lin J, Mahan L, Rosser R, Burke H, Coetzee J, Nelson JC, Blackburn EH, Wolkowitz OM. PMID: 27429957; PMCID: PMC4943759.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17  
    31. Sugary beverage and food consumption, and leukocyte telomere length maintenance in pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016 09; 70(9):1086-8. Leung CW, Laraia BA, Coleman-Phox K, Bush NR, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Adler NE, Epel ES. PMID: 27302671; PMCID: PMC5014682.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    32. Magnetic field controlled charge density wave coupling in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x. Nat Commun. 2016 05 05; 7:11494. Chang J, Blackburn E, Ivashko O, Holmes AT, Christensen NB, Hücker M, Liang R, Bonn DA, Hardy WN, Rütt U, Zimmermann MV, Forgan EM, Hayden SM. PMID: 27146255; PMCID: PMC4858734.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    
    33. Telomere length change plateaus at 4 years of age in Latino children: associations with baseline length and maternal change. Mol Genet Genomics. 2016 Jun; 291(3):1379-89. Wojcicki JM, Shiboski S, Heyman MB, Elwan D, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 26965507.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    34. Systematic and Cell Type-Specific Telomere Length Changes in Subsets of Lymphocytes. J Immunol Res. 2016; 2016:5371050. Lin J, Cheon J, Brown R, Coccia M, Puterman E, Aschbacher K, Sinclair E, Epel E, Blackburn EH. PMID: 26977417; PMCID: PMC4764743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    35. Telomere length as a predictor of response to Pioglitazone in patients with unremitted depression: a preliminary study. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Jan 05; 6:e709. Rasgon N, Lin KW, Lin J, Epel E, Blackburn E. PMID: 26731446; PMCID: PMC5068869.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. The yeast telomerase RNA, TLC1, participates in two distinct modes of TLC1-TLC1 association processes in vivo. PeerJ. 2016; 4:e1534. Matsuguchi T, Blackburn E. PMID: 27004145; PMCID: PMC4800423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    37. Transforming Cancer Prevention through Precision Medicine and Immune-oncology. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2016 Jan; 9(1):2-10. Kensler TW, Spira A, Garber JE, Szabo E, Lee JJ, Dong Z, Dannenberg AJ, Hait WN, Blackburn E, Davidson NE, Foti M, Lippman SM. PMID: 26744449; PMCID: PMC4955753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 65     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    38. The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.54 revealed by X-ray diffraction. Nat Commun. 2015 Dec 09; 6:10064. Forgan EM, Blackburn E, Holmes AT, Briffa AK, Chang J, Bouchenoire L, Brown SD, Liang R, Bonn D, Hardy WN, Christensen NB, Zimmermann MV, Hücker M, Hayden SM. PMID: 26648114; PMCID: PMC4682044.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    
    39. Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science. 2015 Dec 04; 350(6265):1193-8. Blackburn EH, Epel ES, Lin J. PMID: 26785477.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 573     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    40. Cord blood telomere length in Latino infants: relation with maternal education and infant sex. J Perinatol. 2016 Mar; 36(3):235-41. Wojcicki JM, Olveda R, Heyman MB, Elwan D, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 26633142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Peripheral telomere length and hippocampal volume in adolescents with major depressive disorder. Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Nov 10; 5:e676. Henje Blom E, Han LK, Connolly CG, Ho TC, Lin J, LeWinn KZ, Simmons AN, Sacchet MD, Mobayed N, Luna ME, Paulus M, Epel ES, Blackburn EH, Wolkowitz OM, Yang TT. PMID: 26556285; PMCID: PMC5068765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Movement-Based Behaviors and Leukocyte Telomere Length among US Adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015 Nov; 47(11):2347-52. Loprinzi PD, Loenneke JP, Blackburn EH. PMID: 25970659; PMCID: PMC10597460.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    43. Association of dimensional psychological health measures with telomere length in male war veterans. J Affect Disord. 2016 Jan 15; 190:537-542. Bersani FS, Lindqvist D, Mellon SH, Epel ES, Yehuda R, Flory J, Henn-Hasse C, Bierer LM, Makotkine I, Abu-Amara D, Coy M, Reus VI, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Marmar C, Wolkowitz OM. PMID: 26571103.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. Q&A: End-game winner. Nature. 2015 Oct 22; 526(7574):S56-7. Blackburn E, Tucker E. PMID: 26488243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Discrimination, mental health, and leukocyte telomere length among African American men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2016 Jan; 63:10-6. Chae DH, Epel ES, Nuru-Jeter AM, Lincoln KD, Taylor RJ, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Thomas SB. PMID: 26398001; PMCID: PMC5407686.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    46. Leukocyte telomere length and mortality in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2002. Epidemiology. 2015 Jul; 26(4):528-35. Needham BL, Rehkopf D, Adler N, Gregorich S, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Epel ES. PMID: 26039272; PMCID: PMC4679150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    47. Mitochondrial DNA copy number is reduced in male combat veterans with PTSD. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Jan 04; 64:10-7. Bersani FS, Morley C, Lindqvist D, Epel ES, Picard M, Yehuda R, Flory J, Bierer LM, Makotkine I, Abu-Amara D, Coy M, Reus VI, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Marmar C, Wolkowitz OM, Mellon SH. PMID: 26120081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Automated Assay of Telomere Length Measurement and Informatics for 100,000 Subjects in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) Cohort. Genetics. 2015 Aug; 200(4):1061-72. Lapham K, Kvale MN, Lin J, Connell S, Croen LA, Dispensa BP, Fang L, Hesselson S, Hoffmann TJ, Iribarren C, Jorgenson E, Kushi LH, Ludwig D, Matsuguchi T, McGuire WB, Miles S, Quesenberry CP, Rowell S, Sadler M, Sakoda LC, Smethurst D, Somkin CP, Van Den Eeden SK, Walter L, Whitmer RA, Whitmer RA, Kwok PY, Risch N, Schaefer C, Blackburn EH. PMID: 26092717; PMCID: PMC4574243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Telomere length is associated with oppositional defiant behavior and maternal clinical depression in Latino preschool children. Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Jun 16; 5:e581. Wojcicki JM, Heyman MB, Elwan D, Shiboski S, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 26080316; PMCID: PMC4490282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    50. Maternal Folate Concentration in Early Pregnancy and Newborn Telomere Length. Ann Nutr Metab. 2015; 66(4):202-8. Entringer S, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Buss C, Shahbaba B, Gillen DL, Venkataramanan R, Simhan HN, Wadhwa PD. PMID: 26067849; PMCID: PMC5457533.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. Psychiatric disorders and leukocyte telomere length: Underlying mechanisms linking mental illness with cellular aging. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015 Aug; 55:333-64. Lindqvist D, Epel ES, Mellon SH, Penninx BW, Révész D, Verhoeven JE, Reus VI, Lin J, Mahan L, Hough CM, Rosser R, Bersani FS, Blackburn EH, Wolkowitz OM. PMID: 25999120; PMCID: PMC4501875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 130     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. Race-Ethnicity, Poverty, Urban Stressors, and Telomere Length in a Detroit Community-based Sample. J Health Soc Behav. 2015 Jun; 56(2):199-224. Geronimus AT, Pearson JA, Linnenbringer E, Schulz AJ, Reyes AG, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH. PMID: 25930147; PMCID: PMC4621968.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 121     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    53. Early telomerase inactivation accelerates aging independently of telomere length. Cell. 2015 Feb 26; 160(5):928-939. Xie Z, Jay KA, Smith DL, Zhang Y, Liu Z, Zheng J, Tian R, Li H, Blackburn EH. PMID: 25723167; PMCID: PMC4496004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    54. PBMC telomerase activity, but not leukocyte telomere length, correlates with hippocampal volume in major depression. Psychiatry Res. 2015 Apr 30; 232(1):58-64. Wolkowitz OM, Mellon SH, Lindqvist D, Epel ES, Blackburn EH, Lin J, Reus VI, Burke H, Rosser R, Mahan L, Mackin S, Yang T, Weiner M, Mueller S. PMID: 25773002; PMCID: PMC4404215.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    55. Maternal estriol concentrations in early gestation predict infant telomere length. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Jan; 100(1):267-73. Entringer S, Epel ES, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Buss C, Simhan HN, Wadhwa PD. PMID: 25337925; PMCID: PMC4283015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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    127. Climate change and the integrity of science. Science. 2010 May 07; 328(5979):689-90. Gleick PH, Adams RM, Amasino RM, Anders E, Anderson DJ, Anderson WW, Anselin LE, Arroyo MK, Asfaw B, Ayala FJ, Bax A, Bebbington AJ, Bell G, Bennett MV, Bennetzen JL, Berenbaum MR, Berlin OB, Bjorkman PJ, Blackburn E, Blamont JE, Botchan MR, Boyer JS, Boyle EA, Branton D, Briggs SP, Briggs WR, Brill WJ, Britten RJ, Broecker WS, Brown JH, Brown PO, Brunger AT, Cairns J, Canfield DE, Carpenter SR, Carrington JC, Cashmore AR, Castilla JC, Cazenave A, Chapin FS, Ciechanover AJ, Clapham DE, Clark WC, Clayton RN, Coe MD, Conwell EM, Cowling EB, Cowling RM, Cox CS, Croteau RB, Crothers DM, Crutzen PJ, Daily GC, Dalrymple GB, Dangl JL, Darst SA, Davies DR, Davis MB, De Camilli PV, Dean C, DeFries RS, Deisenhofer J, Delmer DP, DeLong EF, DeRosier DJ, Diener TO, Dirzo R, Dixon JE, Donoghue MJ, Doolittle RF, Dunne T, Ehrlich PR, Eisenstadt SN, Eisner T, Emanuel KA, Englander SW, Ernst WG, Falkowski PG, Feher G, Ferejohn JA, Fersht A, Fischer EH, Fischer R, Flannery KV, Frank J, Frey PA, Fridovich I, Frieden C, Futuyma DJ, Gardner WR, Garrett CJ, Gilbert W, Goldberg RB, Goodenough WH, Goodman CS, Goodman M, Greengard P, Hake S, Hammel G, Hanson S, Harrison SC, Hart SR, Hartl DL, Haselkorn R, Hawkes K, Hayes JM, Hille B, Hökfelt T, House JS, Hout M, Hunten DM, Izquierdo IA, Jagendorf AT, Janzen DH, Jeanloz R, Jencks CS, Jury WA, Kaback HR, Kailath T, Kay P, Kay SA, Kennedy D, Kerr A, Kessler RC, Khush GS, Kieffer SW, Kirch PV, Kirk K, Kivelson MG, Klinman JP, Klug A, Knopoff L, Kornberg H, Kutzbach JE, Lagarias JC, Lambeck K, Landy A, Langmuir CH, Larkins BA, Le Pichon XT, Lenski RE, Leopold EB, Levin SA, Levitt M, Likens GE, Lippincott-Schwartz J, Lorand L, Lovejoy CO, Lynch M, Mabogunje AL, Malone TF, Manabe S, Marcus J, Massey DS, McWilliams JC, Medina E, Melosh HJ, Meltzer DJ, Michener CD, Miles EL, Mooney HA, Moore PB, Morel FM, Mosley-Thompson ES, Moss B, Munk WH, Myers N, Nair GB, Nathans J, Nester EW, Nicoll RA, Novick RP, O'Connell JF, Olsen PE, Opdyke ND, Oster GF, Ostrom E, Pace NR, Paine RT, Palmiter RD, Pedlosky J, Petsko GA, Pettengill GH, Philander SG, Piperno DR, Pollard TD, Price PB, Reichard PA, Reskin BF, Ricklefs RE, Rivest RL, Roberts JD, Romney AK, Rossmann MG, Russell DW, Rutter WJ, Sabloff JA, Sagdeev RZ, Sahlins MD, Salmond A, Sanes JR, Schekman R, Schellnhuber J, Schindler DW, Schmitt J, Schneider SH, Schramm VL, Sederoff RR, Shatz CJ, Sherman F, Sidman RL, Sieh K, Simons EL, Singer BH, Singer MF, Skyrms B, Sleep NH, Smith BD, Snyder SH, Sokal RR, Spencer CS, Steitz TA, Strier KB, Südhof TC, Taylor SS, Terborgh J, Thomas DH, Thompson LG, Tjian RT, Turner MG, Uyeda S, Valentine JW, Valentine JS, Van Etten JL, van Holde KE, Vaughan M, Verba S, von Hippel PH, Wake DB, Walker A, Walker JE, Watson EB, Watson PJ, Weigel D, Wessler SR, West-Eberhard MJ, White TD, Wilson WJ, Wolfenden RV, Wood JA, Woodwell GM, Wright HE, Wu C, Wunsch C, Zoback ML. PMID: 20448167; PMCID: PMC5125622.
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    128. Unprecedented opportunities and promise for cancer prevention research. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010 Apr; 3(4):394-402. Blackburn EH, Tlsty TD, Lippman SM. PMID: 20354163.
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    129. Highlighting the science of cancer prevention. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010 Apr; 3(4):393. Blackburn EH. PMID: 20354167.
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    130. The effects of phosphomimetic lid mutation on the thermostability of the N-terminal domain of MDM2. J Mol Biol. 2010 May 07; 398(3):414-28. Worrall EG, Worrall L, Blackburn E, Walkinshaw M, Hupp TR. PMID: 20303977.
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    131. Association of marine omega-3 fatty acid levels with telomeric aging in patients with coronary heart disease. JAMA. 2010 Jan 20; 303(3):250-7. Farzaneh-Far R, Lin J, Epel ES, Harris WS, Blackburn EH, Whooley MA. PMID: 20085953; PMCID: PMC2819264.
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    132. Telomere length trajectory and its determinants in persons with coronary artery disease: longitudinal findings from the heart and soul study. PLoS One. 2010 Jan 08; 5(1):e8612. Farzaneh-Far R, Lin J, Epel E, Lapham K, Blackburn E, Whooley MA. PMID: 20072607; PMCID: PMC2797633.
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    133. Dynamics of telomerase activity in response to acute psychological stress. Brain Behav Immun. 2010 May; 24(4):531-9. Epel ES, Lin J, Dhabhar FS, Wolkowitz OM, Puterman E, Karan L, Blackburn EH. PMID: 20018236; PMCID: PMC2856774.
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    134. 2009 Nobels: break or breakthrough for women? Interview by Jeffrey Mervis and Kate Travis. Science. 2009 Oct 30; 326(5953):656-8. Blackburn E, Greider C, Yonath A, Ostrom E. PMID: 19900910.
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    135. Analyses and comparisons of telomerase activity and telomere length in human T and B cells: insights for epidemiology of telomere maintenance. J Immunol Methods. 2010 Jan 31; 352(1-2):71-80. Lin J, Epel E, Cheon J, Kroenke C, Sinclair E, Bigos M, Wolkowitz O, Mellon S, Blackburn E. PMID: 19837074; PMCID: PMC3280689.
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    136. Telomeres and Tetrahymena: an interview with Elizabeth Blackburn. Dis Model Mech. 2009 Nov-Dec; 2(11-12):534-7. Blackburn E. PMID: 19841239.
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    137. DNA damage signalling prevents deleterious telomere addition at DNA breaks. Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Nov; 11(11):1383-6. Makovets S, Blackburn EH. PMID: 19838171; PMCID: PMC2806817.
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    138. Can meditation slow rate of cellular aging? Cognitive stress, mindfulness, and telomeres. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug; 1172:34-53. Epel E, Daubenmier J, Moskowitz JT, Folkman S, Blackburn E. PMID: 19735238; PMCID: PMC3057175.
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    139. Association between telomere length, specific causes of death, and years of healthy life in health, aging, and body composition, a population-based cohort study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Aug; 64(8):860-4. Njajou OT, Hsueh WC, Blackburn EH, Newman AB, Wu SH, Li R, Simonsick EM, Harris TM, Cummings SR, Cawthon RM, Health ABC study. PMID: 19435951; PMCID: PMC2981462.
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    140. A conversation with Elizabeth Blackburn. Interview by Misia Landau. Clin Chem. 2009 Apr; 55(4):835-41. Blackburn E. PMID: 19233908.
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    141. Cdk1-dependent phosphorylation of Cdc13 coordinates telomere elongation during cell-cycle progression. Cell. 2009 Jan 09; 136(1):50-61. Li S, Makovets S, Matsuguchi T, Blethrow JD, Shokat KM, Blackburn EH. PMID: 19135888; PMCID: PMC2642970.
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    142. Pessimism correlates with leukocyte telomere shortness and elevated interleukin-6 in post-menopausal women. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 May; 23(4):446-9. O'Donovan A, Lin J, Tillie J, Tillie JM, Dhabhar FS, Wolkowitz OM, Wolkowitz O, Blackburn EH, Blackburn E, Epel ES, Epel E. PMID: 19111922; PMCID: PMC2719778.
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    143. Mec1 function in the DNA damage response does not require its interaction with Tel2. Cell Cycle. 2008 Dec; 7(23):3695-8. Anderson CM, Blackburn EH. PMID: 19029808; PMCID: PMC2839897.
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    144. The rate of leukocyte telomere shortening predicts mortality from cardiovascular disease in elderly men. Aging (Albany NY). 2008 Dec 04; 1(1):81-8. Epel ES, Merkin SS, Cawthon R, Blackburn EH, Adler NE, Pletcher MJ, Seeman TE. PMID: 20195384; PMCID: PMC2830080.
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    145. Rapid telomere motions in live human cells analyzed by highly time-resolved microscopy. Epigenetics Chromatin. 2008 Oct 27; 1(1):4. Wang X, Kam Z, Carlton PM, Xu L, Sedat JW, Blackburn EH. PMID: 19014413; PMCID: PMC2585561.
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    146. Dietary restraint and telomere length in pre- and postmenopausal women. Psychosom Med. 2008 Oct; 70(8):845-9. Kiefer A, Lin J, Blackburn E, Epel E. PMID: 18923062; PMCID: PMC3078526.
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    147. Increased telomerase activity and comprehensive lifestyle changes: a pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2008 Nov; 9(11):1048-57. Ornish D, Lin J, Daubenmier J, Weidner G, Epel E, Kemp C, Magbanua MJ, Marlin R, Yglecias L, Carroll PR, Blackburn EH. PMID: 18799354.
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    148. A novel Tel1/ATM N-terminal motif, TAN, is essential for telomere length maintenance and a DNA damage response. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Sep; 28(18):5736-46. Seidel JJ, Anderson CM, Blackburn EH. PMID: 18625723; PMCID: PMC2546937.
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    149. ATM mediates cytotoxicity of a mutant telomerase RNA in human cancer cells. Cancer Res. 2008 Jul 01; 68(13):5309-17. Stohr BA, Blackburn EH. PMID: 18593932; PMCID: PMC2553270.
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    150. Interview with Elizabeth Blackburn, Ph.D. Interview by Vicki Glaser. Rejuvenation Res. 2008 Jun; 11(3):701-5. Blackburn E. PMID: 18593291.
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    151. Elizabeth Blackburn: because science is worth it. Interview by Ruth Williams. J Cell Biol. 2008 Mar 24; 180(6):1056-7. Blackburn E. PMID: 18362176; PMCID: PMC2290834.
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    152. Tel2 mediates activation and localization of ATM/Tel1 kinase to a double-strand break. Genes Dev. 2008 Apr 01; 22(7):854-9. Anderson CM, Korkin D, Smith DL, Makovets S, Seidel JJ, Sali A, Blackburn EH. PMID: 18334620; PMCID: PMC2279195.
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    153. The telotype defines the telomere state in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is inherited as a dominant non-Mendelian characteristic in cells lacking telomerase. Genetics. 2008 Jan; 178(1):245-57. Makovets S, Williams TL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 18202371; PMCID: PMC2206075.
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    154. Human cancer cells harbor T-stumps, a distinct class of extremely short telomeres. Mol Cell. 2007 Oct 26; 28(2):315-27. Xu L, Blackburn EH. PMID: 17964269; PMCID: PMC2081152.
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    155. Telomere length is paternally inherited and is associated with parental lifespan. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jul 17; 104(29):12135-9. Njajou OT, Cawthon RM, Damcott CM, Wu SH, Ott S, Garant MJ, Blackburn EH, Mitchell BD, Shuldiner AR, Hsueh WC. PMID: 17623782; PMCID: PMC1924539.
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    156. Telomerase core components protect Candida telomeres from aberrant overhang accumulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jul 10; 104(28):11682-7. Hsu M, McEachern MJ, Dandjinou AT, Tzfati Y, Orr E, Blackburn EH, Lue NF. PMID: 17609387; PMCID: PMC1913905.
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    157. Telomeres and telomerase: the path from maize, Tetrahymena and yeast to human cancer and aging. Nat Med. 2006 Oct; 12(10):1133-8. Blackburn EH, Greider CW, Szostak JW. PMID: 17024208.
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    158. Genes and pathways downstream of telomerase in melanoma metastasis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jul 25; 103(30):11306-11. Bagheri S, Nosrati M, Li S, Fong S, Torabian S, Rangel J, Moore DH, Federman S, Laposa RR, Baehner FL, Sagebiel RW, Cleaver JE, Haqq C, Debs RJ, Blackburn EH, Kashani-Sabet M. PMID: 16847266; PMCID: PMC1544082.
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    159. Assembly of mutant-template telomerase RNA into catalytically active telomerase ribonucleoprotein that can act on telomeres is required for apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human cancer cells. Cancer Res. 2006 Jun 01; 66(11):5763-71. Goldkorn A, Blackburn EH. PMID: 16740715.
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    160. Expression and suppression of human telomerase RNA. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2006; 71:211-5. Li S, Blackburn EH. PMID: 17381299.
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    161. Cell aging in relation to stress arousal and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2006 Apr; 31(3):277-87. Epel ES, Lin J, Wilhelm FH, Wolkowitz OM, Cawthon R, Adler NE, Dolbier C, Mendes WB, Blackburn EH. PMID: 16298085.
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    162. Telomerase and Cancer: Kirk A. Landon--AACR prize for basic cancer research lecture. Mol Cancer Res. 2005 Sep; 3(9):477-82. Blackburn EH. PMID: 16179494.
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    163. Cell biology: Shaggy mouse tales. Nature. 2005 Aug 18; 436(7053):922-3. Blackburn EH. PMID: 16107824.
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    164. Identification and functional characterization of 2 variant alleles of the telomerase RNA template gene (TERC) in a patient with dyskeratosis congenita. Blood. 2005 Aug 15; 106(4):1246-52. Ly H, Schertzer M, Jastaniah W, Davis J, Yong SL, Ouyang Q, Blackburn EH, Parslow TG, Lansdorp PM. PMID: 15886322; PMCID: PMC1895192.
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    165. Cellular and gene expression responses involved in the rapid growth inhibition of human cancer cells by RNA interference-mediated depletion of telomerase RNA. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 24; 280(25):23709-17. Li S, Crothers J, Haqq CM, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15831499.
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    166. Telomeres and telomerase: their mechanisms of action and the effects of altering their functions. FEBS Lett. 2005 Feb 07; 579(4):859-62. Blackburn EH. PMID: 15680963.
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    167. Thoughts of a former Council member. Perspect Biol Med. 2005; 48(2):172-80. Blackburn E. PMID: 15834190.
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    168. Stem cell science and politics: a talk with Elizabeth Blackburn. Camb Q Healthc Ethics. 2005; 14(2):214-7. Blackburn E. PMID: 15887814.
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    169. Human Rif1 protein binds aberrant telomeres and aligns along anaphase midzone microtubules. J Cell Biol. 2004 Dec 06; 167(5):819-30. Xu L, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15583028; PMCID: PMC2172464.
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    170. Counting of Rif1p and Rif2p on Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomeres regulates telomere length. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Dec; 24(24):10857-67. Levy DL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15572688; PMCID: PMC533994.
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    171. Accelerated telomere shortening in response to life stress. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Dec 07; 101(49):17312-5. Epel ES, Blackburn EH, Lin J, Dhabhar FS, Adler NE, Morrow JD, Cawthon RM. PMID: 15574496; PMCID: PMC534658.
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    172. Processive utilization of the human telomerase template: lack of a requirement for template switching. J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 17; 279(51):53770-81. Rivera MA, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15456773.
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    173. A universal telomerase RNA core structure includes structured motifs required for binding the telomerase reverse transcriptase protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Oct 12; 101(41):14713-8. Lin J, Ly H, Hussain A, Abraham M, Pearl S, Tzfati Y, Parslow TG, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15371596; PMCID: PMC522012.
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    174. Antitumor activity of systemically delivered ribozymes targeting murine telomerase RNA. Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Aug 01; 10(15):4983-90. Nosrati M, Li S, Bagheri S, Ginzinger D, Blackburn EH, Debs RJ, Kashani-Sabet M. PMID: 15297398.
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    175. Rapid inhibition of cancer cell growth induced by lentiviral delivery and expression of mutant-template telomerase RNA and anti-telomerase short-interfering RNA. Cancer Res. 2004 Jul 15; 64(14):4833-40. Li S, Rosenberg JE, Donjacour AA, Botchkina IL, Hom YK, Cunha GR, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15256453.
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    176. Anatomy and dynamics of DNA replication fork movement in yeast telomeric regions. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 May; 24(9):4019-31. Makovets S, Herskowitz I, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15082794; PMCID: PMC387773.
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    177. Bioethics and the political distortion of biomedical science. N Engl J Med. 2004 Apr 01; 350(14):1379-80. Blackburn E. PMID: 15070784.
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    178. A 'full range' of bioethical views just got narrower. Washington Post. 2004 Mar 07; B2. Blackburn EH. PMID: 15022684.
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    179. Reason as our guide. PLoS Biol. 2004 Apr; 2(4):E116. Blackburn E, Rowley J. PMID: 15024408; PMCID: PMC359389.
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    180. Nucleolar protein PinX1p regulates telomerase by sequestering its protein catalytic subunit in an inactive complex lacking telomerase RNA. Genes Dev. 2004 Feb 15; 18(4):387-96. Lin J, Blackburn EH. PMID: 14977919; PMCID: PMC359393.
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    181. Telomeres and telomerase. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2004 Jan 29; 359(1441):109-21. Chan SR, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15065663; PMCID: PMC1693310.
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    182. Tracking telomerase. Cell. 2004 Jan 23; 116(2 Suppl):S83-6, 1 p following S86. Greider CW, Blackburn EH. PMID: 15055591.
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    183. Mutant telomere sequences lead to impaired chromosome separation and a unique checkpoint response. Mol Biol Cell. 2004 Apr; 15(4):1623-34. Lin J, Smith DL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 14742705; PMCID: PMC379261.
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    184. A template-proximal RNA paired element contributes to Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomerase activity. RNA. 2003 Nov; 9(11):1323-32. Seto AG, Umansky K, Tzfati Y, Zaug AJ, Blackburn EH, Cech TR. PMID: 14561882; PMCID: PMC1287054.
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    185. Comprehensive structure-function analysis of the core domain of human telomerase RNA. Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Oct; 23(19):6849-56. Ly H, Blackburn EH, Parslow TG. PMID: 12972604; PMCID: PMC193926.
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    186. Catalytically active human telomerase mutants with allele-specific biological properties. Exp Cell Res. 2003 Aug 15; 288(2):277-87. Kim M, Xu L, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12915119.
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    187. A novel pseudoknot element is essential for the action of a yeast telomerase. Genes Dev. 2003 Jul 15; 17(14):1779-88. Tzfati Y, Knight Z, Roy J, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12832393; PMCID: PMC196185.
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    188. A role for a novel 'trans-pseudoknot' RNA-RNA interaction in the functional dimerization of human telomerase. Genes Dev. 2003 May 01; 17(9):1078-83. Ly H, Xu L, Rivera MA, Parslow TG, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12730131; PMCID: PMC196051.
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    189. Telomerase and ATM/Tel1p protect telomeres from nonhomologous end joining. Mol Cell. 2003 May; 11(5):1379-87. Chan SW, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12769860.
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    190. Telomeric protein distributions and remodeling through the cell cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Biol Cell. 2003 Feb; 14(2):556-70. Smith CD, Smith DL, DeRisi JL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12589054; PMCID: PMC149992.
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    191. A molecular switch underlies a human telomerase disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Dec 24; 99(26):16998-7003. Comolli LR, Smirnov I, Xu L, Blackburn EH, James TL. PMID: 12482936; PMCID: PMC139258.
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    192. The genome-wide expression response to telomerase deletion in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 09; 99(14):9316-21. Nautiyal S, DeRisi JL, Blackburn EH. PMID: 12084816; PMCID: PMC123138.
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    193. Dynamics of telomeric DNA turnover in yeast. Genetics. 2002 Jan; 160(1):63-73. McEachern MJ, Underwood DH, Blackburn EH. PMID: 11805045; PMCID: PMC1461958.
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    194. A low threshold level of expression of mutant-template telomerase RNA inhibits human tumor cell proliferation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jul 03; 98(14):7982-7. Kim MM, Rivera MA, Botchkina IL, Shalaby R, Thor AD, Blackburn EH. PMID: 11438744; PMCID: PMC35454.
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    195. Telomere states and cell fates. Nature. 2000 Nov 02; 408(6808):53-6. Blackburn EH. PMID: 11081503.
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    196. Telomere fusions caused by mutating the terminal region of telomeric DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Oct 10; 97(21):11409-14. McEachern MJ, Iyer S, Fulton TB, Blackburn EH. PMID: 11016977; PMCID: PMC17213.
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    197. The end of the (DNA) line. Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Oct; 7(10):847-50. Blackburn EH. PMID: 11017190.
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    198. Three telomerases with completely non-telomeric template replacements are catalytically active. EMBO J. 2000 Jun 15; 19(12):3119-31. Ware TL, Wang H, Blackburn EH. PMID: 10856255; PMCID: PMC203363.
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